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JANUARY 3, 1 929-DECEMBER 26, 1929 


Abortion, infectious, relation to un- 
dulant fever 

Age, farm men and women, factor in 
extension results 

Agents, extension, numbers in United 

Agricultural — 

commodities, designation by 

farm board. 

conditions, 1929, report by Secre- 

Economics Bureau — 

appropriations, deficiency 

appropriations for 1930.- 

budget allowance for 1931 

tobacco section, organization, 
marketing act. See Marketing 

problems, discussion by Secretary 


production, increase, discussion 

by O. E. Baker 

relief. See Farm relief. 

situation, report for April 

Agriculture — 

appropriation bill, 1930, passage 

by House 

Department — 

appropriations, deficiency, 

1929-30 -. 

appropriations for 1930 

Assistant to Secretary, ap- 

Budgtt allowance for 1931 

housing situation, review by 


official directory 

relation to Federal Farm 


reorganization procedure, 


depression, causes, discussion by 


development, discussion by A. 

F. Woods.. 

German, survey, report 

graduate school. See Graduate 

gross income, 1929, and preced- 
ing years. 

Outlook — 

Conference, plans for 

Conference, report 

report for January _. 

reports, dissemination 

reports, issuance dates 

problems, discussion by Secre- 
tary Hyde 

Secretary. See Secretary; Hyde; 

situation, discussion by Presi- 
dent Hoover 

southern, problems, discussion 

by H. G. Knight 

status, discussion by Assistant 


world census, cooperation of for- 
eign countries 

See also Farming. 
commerce act, discussion by C. F. 


service, aid by weather reports 

Airways, commercial, weather fore- 
casts, appropriations for 1930 

Alabama, quarantine for phony 

peach disease 

Alaska — 

aerial survey 

agricultural conditions, discussion 
by station director 

forests, visit by Congressmen 























Alaska— Continued. 

game law, revenues from, 1928 

menace by coyotes and wolves. _. 

tour, advertisement 

Alberts, H. W., discussion of Alas- 
kan agriculture 

improvement campaign. 

seed, purchase, advice to farmers 
Allegheny Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion, advisory council, meeting 

Allen, Edwin West — 

biography _ 

death notice ... 

discussion of research work 

honorary degree 

Allison, F. E., discussion of cyana- 

mid as fertilizer 

Amaryllis show, report 

Animal Industry Bureau- 
appropriations for 1930 

Budget allowance for 1931 

personnel news. 

Animals — 

family characteristics, value in 


control conference 

control plan, recommenda- 
tion by Secretary 

Antiseptic preparations, survey 

Apple — 

box, standard, adoption 

crop, estimate 

• scald, control methods 

shippers, meeting in Toronto 

cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1 

grading for canneries, need 

production increase, 1910-1925 

size, forecasting 

varieties, commercial importance. 
Appointments — 

retroactive, memorandum 

tomporary, Civil Service ruling. . 
Appropriation — 

act, deficiency, 1929, items 

bill, 1930— 

erratum -. 

passage by House 

signing by President 

Appropriations, department, for 1930. 
Arboretum committee, appointment. 
Arceneaux, George, delegate to 

international congresses.. 

Australia, wool survey, report 

Automobiles, registration, totals for 


Aviation, aid by Weather Bureau, 

discussion by C. F. Marvin 

B;.gasse, uses, study 

Bags, cloth, procurement through 

Department of Justice 

Bacterium — 

abortus, cause of infectious abor- 
tion and related diseases 

melitensis, cause of Malta fever... 
Baker, O. E., discussion of agricul- 
tural production, R. W., death notice 

Bankruptcies, farm, decline 

Baskets, nonstandard, use prohibition 

Beams, wooden, testing. 

Bean — 

blight, infection methods 

weevil, historical note 

Beattie, R. Kent, chestnut re- 
search in Orient 

cattle. See Cattle, 
prices and production, world 


Beekeeping, survey 






















Beet sugar, production, 1927 and 1928 

Beetle larvae, control in turf 

Beetles, Asiatic, control by parasites 

of Japanese beetle 

Beets, sugar, need of phosphorus 

Behre, C. Edward, appointment as 

forest director •_ 

Bennett, H. H — 

discussion of soil erosion 

report of soil-erosion survey 

Berry boxes, standard sizes, warning. 
Berryhill, Miriam Ballinger, 


Bids, acceptance procedure 

Biological Survey — 
Bureau — 

appropriations, deficiency — 

appropriations for 1930. 

Budget allowance for 1931 

exhibit at Boston 

subject of monograph 

refuges, lands, purchase in Kansas 

and Montana 

sanctuary, establishment in 


trans-Atlantic flight.. 

attraction, experiments in chest- 
nut orchard 

game, productivity on farms in 

Middle West, study 

importations, 1928 

conservation act, discussion 

by Secretary... 

conservation act, purpose and 


conservation, appropriation 

for 1930 

conservation commission 

treaty act, fines for violation. 

protection in Georgia 

Blister rust, white pine, control prog- 

Bollworm, pink, quarantine amend- 

Boulder Dam bill, passage— - 

Boxes — 

apple, standard, adoption 

berry, standard size, warning — 

Boyce, J. S., resignation 


and girls, national 4-H camp, 


4-H club, success in international 

dairy judging contest 

Breedingi livestock, discussion by 

E W. Sheets -— 

Brogden and Trowbridge, litiga- 
tion over patent right . 

Broomcorn, grading demonstration... 

Bryan, Levin h., death notice 

Bryant, George C, death notice... 
Budget — 

Bureau, official notices. See Ap- 

estimates, changes in reports 

1931, provisions.- 

system — 

discussion by Director 

discussion by President Cool- 

idge. __ 

Buechel, F. A., resignation 

Buffalo, introduction into Alaska, 


Building, department, corner-stone 


Buildings farm research, investigation 
Bulls, scrub, eradica ion progress in 


Business organization, addresses by 
President and Budget Director 






























'For official notices, memoranda, circulars, bulletins, decisions, etc., see Appendix. 



Butter — 

cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1 

cooperative production, 1928 . 

production and stocks 

stocks in storage 

manufacture, study by Henry G. 


utilization — 

article by Secretary Hyde 

discussion by H. G. Knight- 

rates to Germany, changes 

stations, list — - 

Cake, consumption, annual, in 

United States— 

Calcium gluconate, cost reduction 

and usefulness 

Calendar simplification, report 

Campbell, Walter G., address on 

regulatory work 

Canada, benefits from milk import 


Canned foods, use increase 

Canning, foods, statement by A. F. | 


Capper-Ketcham Act, appropria- i 

tion for club work 

Carbon tetrachloride, treatment for ( 


Cards, mailing, size regulations — 

Carrots, production increase 

beef, prices, Feb. 15 to Mar. 15--- 

feeding situation -' 

indemnities, increase 

marketing associations, loans by 

farm board 

production and prices — 

outlook report 

world situation 

raising in cotton States 

supply and price situation 

ticks. See Ticks, cattle, 
testing, record for May 

tests, 1928 

Cellulose, sources and uses 

Census — 

Bureau, cooperation with Agri- 
cultural Economics Bureau. ... 
inquiries, proclamation by Presi- 
dent — - 

world agricultural . cooperation in. 
Chain-store movement, effect on 

agriculture --- 

Chambers, Abdon Perl, death 


Cheese, cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1„ 
Chemical "tests," meaning of term... 
Chemistry — 

aid to agriculture, discussion by 

H. G. Knight 

and Soils Bureau — 

appropriations, deficiency 

appropriations for 1930 

budget allowance for 1931 

subject of monograph 

research, aid in surplus disposal— 

Chestnut-acorn import order 

Chestnuts, exploration for, in Orient- 
Chichester's pills, adulteration and 

misbranding, decision 

Chicken, canned, demand increase... 
Chickens. See Poultry. 

Chicks, care, motion-picture film 

Child health day- 
address by Secretary Hyde 

proclamation by President 

Chittenden, Frank Htjrlbut, 

death notice 

Christensen, Chris L. — 

address on cooperation 

resignation, and appointment as 

secretary to farm board 

Christmas trees — 

cutting, inspection service I 

growing, profits 

Chrysanthemum show, attendance- 
fruits — 

by-products, utilization J 

fruit-fly eradication, program. 

growing, aid from research 

infestation with fruit fly, 


marketing associations 

production and prices, out- 
look report 

sales, records 

shipments from Florida, : 


shipments from Florida, 


growers, loans by farm board 

Civil :;r\icc or. irainati:ns. an- 
nouncement. Each issue. 
Clakk, E. P., appointment to 

Chemistry Bureau _ 

Clothing, srore cards, use by manu- 


■ r seed, verification service, re- 
newal I 
































departmental, activities. 

Federal, savings by._ 


membership, 1928 

national camp, announcement 

national camp, program 

national camp, 1929, report.— 
national camp register, 1929.. 

National Congress 

Cod-liver oil, bibliography, an- 

Cold-storage holdings — 

Jan. 1, 1928, and Jan. 1, 1929 

September 1 

Colleges, land-grant — 

address by A. F. Woods 


negro, survey. 

Collier, G. A., discussion of market- 
news service 

Colorado, farm-and-home demonstra- 

Combine harvester, purchase for soy- 
beans, advisability 

Commodities committee, members 

from department 

Comptroller General — 

decision on gasoline purchases 

interpretation of travel regula- 

Concrete, pavement tests 

Conservation, of national resources, 

discussion by President 

Containers — 

petroleum, use, regulations 

standard, definitions 

Contracts, standard forms for, an- 
nouncement by Budget Bureau 

Conway, Herman M., resignation.. 

Cook, O. F., discussion of rubber 

production in Florida 

Cookies, 4-H club product 

Coolidge, President- - 

address before business organiza- 

signing of appropriation bill, 1930. 

Coombs, Whitney, resignation 

Cooperation — 

advantages and problems, dis- 
cussion by Secretary 

benefits to consumer and pro- 

discussion by — 


W. F. Schilling 

success — 

in cotton marketing 

on West Coast 

trend toward larger units 

Cooperative — 
dairy products, extent of 


extent of business 

gas and oil, success in Middle 


loans by farm board, pro- 

needs, discussion by Secre- 

numbers and membership 

numbers and success 

purchasing associations, extent of 


Cooperatives, agricultural, national 

chamber, organization plans 

Coordinating agencies, and individ- 
uals, directory 

Coordinator — 

appointment of supplies com- 

bulletins Nos. 1-63, revision.. 
Official notices See Appendix 

Office of, personnel changes 

Coordinators, names, addresses, and 

Belt, research conference 

borer, European — 

control area, 1928-1929, map. 

control machinery. 



















quarantine extension 

Research Conference, report, 
survey, 1929 































Com — Continued. 

export, rail rates, reduction 

nuskers, contest, announcement., 
prices — 

Feb. 15 to Mar. 15 

November-December, 1928... 
production and prices, outlook 


Corncobs, uses, possibilities 

Cornstalks, utilization, discussion 

Cotton — 

acreage forecast for 1929, denial... 
bollworm, quarantine modifica- 

by-products, utilization.. 

curry-over report 

cooperative associations, loans by 
farm board 



crop, study by statisticians 

gins, fires, cause and losses from. 

grade-staple reports, dates 

linters — 

classifier, appointment 

shipment, permission.. 

marketing — 

cooperative, discussion by J. 

S. Hathcock 

statement by farm board 

new-uses committee, meeting, re- 

prices — 

November-December, 1928— 

relation to quality, study 

production under irrigation, 1928. 
reporting dates, announcement... 
research committee, appointment 

and functions 

standards conference- 


European delegates 

Universal, report 

studies by Agricultural Econom- 
ics Bureau — 

uses, research work, report by 


world consumption, 1929 

Cottonseed meal, use as fertilizer 

Country Life Association, conference, 


Covtlle, F. V., delegate to inter- 
national congresses... 

Cowpeas, quarantine removal 

Cows, dairy — 

cost of feeding in South 

See also Cattle. 
Coyotes — 

control in Oregon 

menace in Alaska 

Credit, farm, survey 

Cricket, Mormon, control methods 

Crimps disease, of strawberries, cause, 

description, and spread 

Crops — 
acreage — 

1929, outlook reports 

overexpansion, danger, warn- 
ing by O. E. Baker 

production and prices, outlook 



and prices, forecast 


Crows, destruction, policy of Biolog- 
ical Survey. 

Currant bushes, eradication in North- 
west .- 

Cyanamid, value as fertilizer 


Bureau, appropriations for 

1930 - 

Bureau, Budget allowance 

for 1931 

Bureau, organization changes- 
Bureau, personnel changes 

conditions. 1929 

losses from low-grade milk 

and cream 


products — 

cooperative marketing, ex- 

cooperative marketing, re- 
view for 1928 

manufacture, decline 

overproduction, warning 

specialists, appointment 

extension work, scope 

outlook report 

problems in South, discussion by 

l II. MrClain 

profits, increase in California 

progress in foreign countries 






























Dairymen — 

address by W. F. Schilling 

loans by farm board - 

need of organization, stress by 


mule, sale offering 

transportation by airplane .. 

Deforestation, warning by Secretary „ 
Denman, C. B., address on coopera- 
tion - 

Departments, reorganization, discus- 
sion by President..' 

Diffenbach, Rudolph, appointment 
as head of Land Acquisition Divi- 

Directory, official, for department 

Discounts for prompt payments, 



deer-killing, capture 

medicines, warning against use... 
Dorsett, P. H., plant exploration in 


Drugs — 

joint-contact committee, meeting. 

misbranding, prevention 

Dunlap, Assistant Secretary — 
address at Maryland University- 
discussion of news dissemination.. 

honor by Ohio University 


Dust explosions, hazards in industrial 


Dyes, food, approval 

Economic situation, discussion by 

President Hoover 

Economics — 

farm problems, discussion by 

eastern extension workers 

outlook conference, plans for 

statisticians' conference 

Economists — 

conference in England 

meeting in West 

meeting with farmers. 

Edinger, Arthur T., resignation 

Editing, style changes, aceounce- 


Editors, agricultural college — 

meeting in New Hampshire 

meeting, notice 

agricultural, progress, summary 

by A. C. True 

factor in improvement of rural life, 
rural — 

benefits from Extension Serv- 

centralization, trend and 


Educational association, address by 

Secretary Hyde 

Edwards, H. T., delegate to inter- 
national congresses 

Efficiency ratings, boards of review. . 
cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1 

cooperative marketing, increase . . 

import duty, increase 

imported, stamping regulations.. 

yield per hen, increase 

Eisenhower, M. S. — 

address on work of Office of 


article on research 

discussion of news-service method- 
Electricity, cause of cotton-gin fires. . 
Elevators — 

congestion at terminal markets, 

effect on wheat prices 

farmers', numbers 

Elk, surplus, disposal 

Employees — 

disabled, subsistence expenses 

nonofficial employment, limita- 

reinstatement, amendment to 


responsibility in driving Govern- 
ment vehicles 

retirements. See Retirements, 
travel regulations, amendment . . . 
Employment, quotation from Elbert 


Enemia, cure by use of foetal-cal fliver. 
Englund, Eric, discussion of farm 


Entomology Bureau — 
appropriations — 


for 1930 

Budget allowance for 1931 .- 

Erosion, soil- 
committee for study 

control — 

campaign, progress 

comment by Thomas Jeffer- 

in Southwest 


discussion by H. H. Bennett 

experiment stations, establish- 
ment „. 




























2, 3, 5-6 



Erosion, soil — Continued. 

investigation committee, appoint- 

prevention in South, discussion 

by H. G. Knight. 

report of survey by H. H. Ben- 

survey in South 

Estabrook, L. M., report on world 


Ether, anesthetic — 

seizure . — 

supply, safeguarding 

Ethylene oxide, use as fumigant 

Euphorbia intisy, introduction from 


Evans, J. A., address at farm- 
demonstration conference 

Everard, Lewis C, resignation 

Exhibits — 

at fairs, cooperation by depart- 

department, demand for State 

and interstate fairs 

editorial, in New Hampshire, 

judges and awards 

Expenditures, discussion by Budget 


Expense accounts, employees, oaths 


Experiment station publications. 

Each issue. 
Experiment Stations Office — 
appropriations — 


for 1930..- 

Budget allowance for 1931 

Exposition, international, at Chicago, 


Extension — 

agents, attendance at outlook 


aid in cooperative marketing, 
discussion by C. W. Warburton. 
conference — 

at Purdue University 

in East 

in Indiana 

in South 

in Texas, report 

in West 

course in Wisconsin, announce- 

methods, study in Wisconsin 


regional meetings in South 


Extension Service — 

aid in rural education 


for 1930 

budget allowance for 1931 

objectives, discussion by C. B. 


organization in Hawaii 

personnel changes. 

personnel news 

personnel, total, June, 1928 

Extension — 

short course in Wisconsin 

survey of age groups 

agricultural, history by A. C, 


historical review by J. A. 


progress in 15 years, discus- 
sion by C. W. Warburton.. 
workers — 

eastern, conference report — 
numbers in United States — 
Fair, international, in Africa, an- 

demand for department exhibits.. 

State, aid by department 

Farm — 

conditions, 1929, report by Secre- 
tary _ 

crisis, cause, discussion by Secre- 

crops, shipments, supply, and 

prices, Dec. 1, report 

demonstration work- 
anniversary meeting 

review at extension conference, 
lands — 

average value per acre in per- 
centage of pre-war average.. 
See also Real estate, farm, 
loan act, amendment, proposal... 

men and women, age survey 

mortgage debt, increase in 1928... 
population, decrease in 1928 





































































Farm— C ontinued . 

prices. See Prices, farm, 
problems, discussion by Secre- 
tary Hyde 

products, production and prices, 

outlook report 

program, Federal, outline by 

Secretary Hyde 

appropriation for 

bill, adoption by Congress. _. 
bill, passage by Senate 

bills in Congress- 

discussion by C. B. Denman. 

discussion by President 

legislation, request by Secre- 

plans, discussion by Secre- 

provision for Southeastern 


statement by Secretary 

returns for 1928, by geographic 

divisions. _. 

structures research survey, Ad- 
visory Council, meeting 

unit, relation to industry, dis- 
cussion by Secretary 

Farm Board, Federal — 


approval of loans 

cooperation with— 

land-giant colleges 

marketing agencies 

functions, discussion by — 

Secretary Hyde 

W. F. Schilling 

law defining functions of. 



in South 


to cotton and wheat coopera- 

to grape growers 

to wheat cooperatives 

measure, text 

meeting (first) 

members — 

biographical sketches 


outline of policy 

purpose, discussion by President- 
recommendations for foreign 

agricultural service 

statement on cotton marketing... 

study of wheat prices 

text of bill 

Farmers — 

Alabama, flood relief 

"master," recognition in Maine- 
need for organization — 

address by W. F. Schilling... 

discussion by Secretary. 

news circulation among 

overtaxing, discussion 

use of departmental information. . 
Farming — 

mechanized, in Russia 

See also Agriculture. 
Federal — 

farm board. See Farm Board, 

specifications, use and distribu- 

crops, acreage, 1929, outlook 


poultry, cost, comparison with 

egg sales.— 

Feeders, loans by farm board 

Feeds, adulteration and misbranding, 


Fertilizer, value of cyanamid 

Fertilizers, efficiency, factors affect- 
ing, study -. 

Fever — 

Malta, causal organism 

stripping. See Septicemia hem- 
undulant, relation to infectious 


Films — 

production, contract award 

See also Motion pictures. 
Finance, discussion by- 
President Coolidge 

President Hoover 

prevention — 

regular inspection for 

week, designation 

protection committee, meeting. . 

Protective Association, National, 





















2-3, 8 
























Fires — 

cotton-gin, cause and losses from. 
farm — 

annual losses from 

prevention.aidby department 
forest. See Forest fires, 
in stored products, prevention, 


Fisher, A. K., research expedition 

to Caribbean 

Flax, production and prices, out- 
look report 

Alabama, relief measures 

control, discussion by President-, 
relief — 

emergency, for South 

seed loans to farmers. — 

Florida — 
fruit fly- 
investigation, report 

survey, report 

quarantine against Mediterra- 
nean fruit fly 

Flour, whole wheat, definition 

Flours, wheat, definitions, proposal-. 
Fly, Hessian. See Hessian fly. 
Food — 

and drug officials, meeting in 


and drugs act, enforcement — 

benefits in canned foods 

test ease 

crops, failure in China 

Drug, and Insecticide Adminis- 
tration — 

aid to manufacturers 

appropriations for 1930 

budget allowance for 1931 


control of fraudulent medi- 

personnel changes- 

benefits to 

dye, Brilliant Blue FCF, ap- 

dyes, approval 

inspection service, 
trade -- 

Standards Committee, meeting- 
Foods — 

"health," misbranding 

nonacid, canning 

Foot-and-mouth disease — 

control situation -~ 

danger, and quarantine regulations 


outbreak and control 


Forbes, Elmer E.— 
honor on birthday- 



Foreign agricultural service, exten- 
sion plans 


areas, purchases, approval 

cause, and control work 

control difficulty on tax- 
reverting lands 

in South, discussion by R. Y. 


1929, causes, and extent of 


numbers, extent, and dam- 
age in West, 1929 

toll of human lives, 1929 

lands — 

private, liabilities to Gov- 

purchases, 1925-1929 

National, No. 9, creation 

Products Laboratory, trades 


purchases, 1929, approval and costs. 
Research Advisory Council — 

Central States, meeting 

Northeastern, members, ap- 
pointment _ 

See also Forests. 
Forest Service- 
accounts, examination and ap- 
proval, memorandum 

appropriations — 


for 1930 

budget allowance for 1931 — 

personnel news 

value of newspaper space used 

Forester, death from attack by bear.. 

Foresters, meeting in Sweden 

Forestry — 

American Society, gift from 

Carnegie Corporation. 

practice, study in Monongahela 


prizes for essays, announcement.. 

problems, study, proposal by 

Secretary Jardine 











' 4 











2, 3, 4-5 


Forestry — C ontinued . 

relation to game conservation, 
discussion by Paul G. Reding- 

ton ^ 

Southern Congress, announce- 

Forests — 

Alaskan, visit by Congressmen... 
communitv, extension in New 


fire protection, funds allotted to 


Montana, boundaries change 

national — 

net areas and monuments 

receipts, 1929, apportionment 

to States 

recreational use 

See also Forest. 
Forms, standard contract, announce- 
ment by Budget Bureau 

Fort Keogh bird refuge, establish- 

Fowl pest, European, eradication in 

New Jersey 

Fox breeders, visit to fur animal sta- 

Frankenfield, Harry C, death 


Franking privilege, misuse 


and vegetable growers, loans by 

farm board 

fly, Mediterranean — 

control, appropriation 

control, Budget allowance for 


control in Florida 

control need in Florida 

control, outlook 

investigation, report 



quarantine amendment.. 

quarantine hearing 

quarantine in Florida 

quarantine modification- 
quarantine revision 

specialists, appointment, 
survey in Florida 

survey in Mediterranean 

juices, definitions, proposals 

labeling, regulations 

marketing — 

European competition 

in Europe, discussion by Ed- 
win Smith 

spray residue removal, litigation 


stocks, quarantine amendment... 

and vegetables- 
inspection work, 1929 

market news service 

by-products, utilization 

citrus. See Citrous fruits. 

European trade, extent 

production and prices, outlook re- 

sterilization against Mediterra- 
nean fruit fly 

Fur animal experiment station, visit 

by fox breeders 

international exhibit, suggestion 

by Secretary 

silver-fox, sale in New York 

Gaoe, Charles E., appointment as 

head of tobacco section 

Gamble, James A., reappointment to 

Animal Industry Bureau 

Game — 

big, counting from airplane 

birds, productivity on farms in 

Middle West 

hunting licenses, revenues from, 


law, fines for violations 

laws — 

enforcement need, discussion 

by Paul G. Redington 

violations, arrest in Illinois... 
resources and problems, discus- 
sion by Paul G. Redington 

wardens, in Virginia, release from 


Garlock, Fred L., appointment as 

research specialist 

Gas stations, cooperative, success in 

Middle West 

Gasoline — 

purchase in Pennsylvania — 

amendment to regulations 


purchases, decision of comptroller 

revenue from, 1928 

tax — 

exemption in New York 

refunds, memorandum. 

Geismer, Leo M., death notice 

Georgia — 

farm problems, discussion by H. 

G. Knight 

quarantine for phony peach dis- 







f 37 

I « 




f 21. 25 

I 35 


f 20 

I 46 









































Geraniums, poison to Japanese beetle. 
German, Fairfax L., death notice.. 

Girls, national 4-H camp.. 

Gizzard worm, life cycle, demonstra- 

Gluconic acid, production by new 


Goldberg, W. M., appointment as 

junior chemist 

Gooseberry bushes, eradication in 


Gophers — 

eradication at Arizona airport 

pocket, poisoning 

Grade certificates, alteration, preven- 

Graduate school — 
courses — 

and faculty 




value to students, data 

Grain — 

acreage, 1929, outlook report 

cooperative plan, approval by 

farm board 

Corporation, Farmers' National, 

articles of incorporation 

export, rail rates, reduction 

Administration, appropria- 
tions for 1930 

Administration, Budget al- 
lowance for 1931 

trading under Government 


growers, loans by farm board 

marketing plan, approval by 

farm board 

sampler, invention 

storage — 

at Northwest markets, report, 
on farms, recommendations. . 

study by farm board 

world crop, shortage 

Grains, supply and prices, Dec. 1 

Grape — 

growers, loans by farm board 

situation, in California, survey 

by farm board 

Grapefruit, sterilization by heat, 


Grippe cures, misbranding.prevention. 
Grouse, gizzard worm, life cycle, 


Grubs, control in turf 

Hall, Ernest E., appointment 

Haller, Herbert L. J., appoint- 
ment to Chemistry Bureau 

Hamilton, Thomas R., resignation. 
Hannay, Annie M., prize for bibli- 

Hathcock. J. S., discussion of coop- 
erative cotton marketing 

Hawaii, agricultural extension serv- 
ice, organization 

Hawks, benefit to farmer 

alfalfa and clover, nutritive value. 

exhibits, demand for 

inspection — 

in California 

school in Georgia 

work in Oregon and Wash- 

production, marketing, and 
standards, demonstration in 


standards, amendment 

supply and prices, outlook report. 
Hayes, Montrose W., promotion.. 
foods, warning against use 

of children, discussion by Secre- 

Heating, spontaneous, conference on. 
Henry, Arthur M., suit for patent 


Hens, egg yield, increase 

Hehruan, David T.— 



Herrice, Horace T., election to 
presidency of American Chemical 

Society __ 

Hessian fly, control progress . 

Hevea brasiliensis, growing in Florida, 


Highway, Mount Vernon Memorial, 



beautification in Massachusetts.. 
Aid, grade crossings, elimina- 

improvement, 1928, mileage 

and cost 

financing, study by Germans 

improvement, discussion by 


Pan American Congress, dele- 

transcontinental.sketches, release. 
See also Roads. 





Hitchcock, A. S., study of African 

grasses j 

Hog cholera, survey, report.- ._ 

feeding for quality of pork 

kidney- worm infestation 

outlook report, July 15 

prices — 

Feb. 15 to Mar. 15 

November-December, 1928-.. 
production — 

and marketing, stabilization 


and prices, outlook report 


sanitation, aid to profits 

Holy Cross National Forest, designa- 
tion as monument 

Holmes, Clarence L., appointment- 
Home — 

Economics — 

Association, meeting 

Bureau.appropriations for 1930 
Bureau, Budget allowance 

for 1931 

making, time spent by women, 


Honey producers, loans by farm board . 
Hookworm, treatment with carbon 


Hoover — 

Mrs. Herbert, address to 4-H 


President — 

address to Federal Farm 


message to Congress 

proclamation as to census in- 

proclamation of child health 

day -- -- 

proclamation of special ses- 
sion of Congress 

statement on farm relief 

visit to chrysanthemum show 

Horse, noted Morgan, death 

Horses — 
demand — 

and prices. 


popularity in West 

prices, outlook report 

Howard, James R., appointment by 

farm board 

Humidity, of fertilizers, effect on dis- 

Hunting licenses, revenues from,1927 28 
Hyde, Secretary — 

at country life conference 

before American Institute of 


before Milk Producers Associ- 
ation r . 

before National Education 


on child health 

on farm problems 

to parents and teachers 


approval of meat-trade-practice 


article on — 

agricultural research 

utilization of agricultural by- 
products ... 

discussion of — 


Federal Farm Board and de- 

library extension work 

inauguration of farm radio hour. . . 
indorsement of wheat-protein test, 
letter on simplification of calendar 
message to — 

meat industry 

tuberculosis-eradication con- 

praise of forest ranger 

recommendation for fur exhibit . . . 

report on farm conditions, 1929 

statement on — 

duties of department 

farm relief 

Hydrogen gas, containers, use regula- 

Ice cream, per capita consumption 

Ice wells, use on farms 

Illinois, cooperative associations, num- 

Imports, animal, inspection against 

foot-and-mouth disease. 

Influenza cures — 

condemnation by department 

misbranding, prevention 

Information — 
Office of— 

appropriation for 1930 

Budget allowance for 1931 

work, discussion by director., 
specialists, visit to department 






































































Ingram, Douglas C, death in forest 

Insect pests, survey. 

Insects, control with ethylene oxide ... 
Inspection, fruits and vegetables, 

record for 1929 

Insurance — 

farm mutuals, problems, investi- 

fire, extent of business 


schedule of benefits 

World War veterans, act, amend- 

Intentions-to-plant reports, aid to 


Jack rabbit. Sec Rabbit, jack. 
James, Edwin W. — 

appointment to Colombia High- 
way Commission 

article on road building 

Japanese beetle — 


quarantine extension 


Jardine, Secretary — 

address on agricultural situation . . 

appeal for passage of farm bill 

approval of animal-control plan. _ . 

farewell dinner 

forest program, proposal 

laying of corner stone for depart- 
ment building 

letter to Senator McNary 


statement on migratory-bird- 
refuge act 

warning against deforestation 

Jefferson, Thomas, discussion of 

erosion control 

Kansas, bird-refuge enabling act 

Kauffman, Rodger R.vy, appoint- 
ment as assistant to Secretary 

Kelley, Evan W., promotion 

Kentucky, livestock improvement — 
Kidney worms, parasitism in swine.. 

Kircher, Joseph C, promotion 

Kitchen charts, series available 

Kneeland, Hildegarde, discussion 

of home-making tasks 

Knight, Henry G. — 

address in Georgia 

remarks on opportunities in chem- 

study of waste utilization in West. 
Labels, pectin products, regulations.. 
Labor, farm — 

and other, wages, 1926 

supply and prices... 

supply and prices, July 1 to 

Oct. 1 

Laborers, farm, preference for coun- 

Lake States forest district, headquar- 
ters establishment 

Lamb — 

cutting, demonstrations 

motion-picture film.. 

See also Mutton. 
Land — 

acquisition division, Biological 

Survey, organization 

cultivable, excess area 

grant colleges. See Colleges, 

valuation, short course in Okla- 

values, decline in 1929 

Lard, cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1 — 
Laws, regulatory, enforcement, dis- 
cussion by W. G. Campbell 

Lead arsenate, use against soil grubs. 

Le Fevre, Edwin, death notice 

Leg,ge, Chairman, outline of farm 

board policy 


bills in Congress. 

























































Legislation— Continued. 

bills passed by Seventieth Con- 

digest, second session of Seven- 
tieth Congress 

farm relief — 

request by Secretary Jardine. 

review by Secretary Hyde 

Lemons, cooperative marketing 

Letters, preparation for Secretary, 


Lettuce, shipments from California, 

Imperial Valley. 

Librarians, agricultural, meeting 

Libraries, extension work, discussion 

by Secretary 

Library — 

accessions. Each issue. 

appropriation for 1930 

Budget allowance for 1931 

county, success in Texas 

Lignin, uses, possibilities 

Liquidation Board, Federal, dissolu- 

Liver, embryonic-calf, remedy for 

aplastic enemia 

Livestock — 

associations, loans by farm board. 

commission charges, decision 

cooperative marketing, decision., 
disease control — 

discussion by John R. Mohler. 

discussion by Secretary 

industry, improvement, 1929 

losses, annual, from predators 

marketing, aid by farm board 

National Producers Association, 

membership and work 

production and prices, outlook 


range, production, committee for 


shipping by truck 

slaughter data 

tonic, seizure 

worm remedies, misbranding 

Lloyd, William A., work in Hawaii. 
Loans — 

by Federal Farm Board — 




commodity, approval by farm 

to farmers, Budget allowance for 

Lord, General^- 

address before business organiza- 

resignation as Budget Director.. 
McCall, A. G — 

appointment to soil-erosion com- 

soil-erosion survey in South 

McClain, J. H., address before 

Southern Dairy Association 

McClung, Clarence E., discussion 

of scientific writing 

MacDonald, Thomas H.— 

delegate to Pan American high- 
way conference 

honor by Iowa State College 

Machinery, corn-borer control, de- 

McKelvle, Samuel R., appoint- 
ment to farm board 

McNary, Senator, letter from Sec- 
retary Jardine 

Mailing lists- 



Maine farm bureaus, address by A. 

F. Woods 

Malaria remedies, labeling, regula- 

Malta fever, causal organism 

Marbut, Curtis, attendance at 

International Soil Congress 

Market — 

news service — 

appropriation for 1930 

discussion by G. A. Collier.. 



extension by radio 

grain, hay, and feed, exten- 

in Mississippi and Tennessee 
reports, distribution, conference. . 

services, conference 

Marketing — 

act, agricultural, text 

associations, organization — 

cooperative — 

advantages and problems, 

discussion by Secretary 

aid by extension work 

council in Oklahoma 

discussion by C. B. Denman 

discussion by Chris L. 

























































































Marketing— Continued. 

Cooperative— Continued. 

division, transfer to farm 


meeting for study of methods. 

progress in South — 

cotton — 

progress, and advantages of 


statement by farm board 

extension, discussion by C. C. 


farmers' organizations, discussion 

by President 

foreign service, recommendations 

by farm board ." 

frauds, prohibition by Senate bill, 
aid by farm storage 

farmers' corporation 

officials — 


National Association,meeting 

stabilization measures 

suggestions for farm relief, by 


wheat and cotton, investigation 

by farm board 

Markets, grain, trading in futures 

Marshall, Elton L,., appointment 

as Solicitor 

Marvtn, C. F.— 

discussion of air commerceact 

retention as Weather Bureau 


Massachusetts, roadside planting 

Meador, E. N., appointment as 

assistant to Secretary 

animals, slaughter, April, 1929 

industry conference in Chicago — 
inspectors, duties, discussion by 

John R. Mohler__ 

packing industry, trade practices, 


slaughter statistics 

Trade Practice — 


resolutions, adoption 

Meats, cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1... 
Medical centers, need in rural com- 

Medicines, misbranding, prevention.. 
Mediterranean fruit fly. See Fruit 
fly, Mediterranean. 

Mehl, J. M., promotion 

Melons, production and prices, out- 
look report 

Mercxer, A. E., extension work 

with fruits and vegetables 

Merrill, M. C, promotion 

Meteorologists, antarctic expedition. _ 
Mexico, vegetable exports, effect of 


Microorganisms, usefulness, discus- 
sion by E. E. Slosson 

Migratory birds. See Birds,migratory. 
consumption, survey.. 

import act — 


enforcement, benefit to Can- 

low-grade, losses to dairy industry, 
plants, Canadian, inspection 

under milk import act 

producers — 

address by TV. F. Schilling.... 
association, address by Seere- 


quantity produced in 1927 

use in milk chocolate, total for 


Mineral oil, use as adulterant 

Mitchell, George F., resignation.. 
Mohler, John R. — 
on animal aisease control 

to meat inspectors 

discussion of infectious abortion 

and related diseases 

warning against foot-and-mouth 


Mold, use in production of calcium 

salt --. 

Montana, bird-refuge enabling act... 

Moore, E. O., appointment 

Mormon cricket, control methods 

Morrell, Fred W., promotion 

Morrison, Ada Byron, retirement. 
Morse, W. J., plant exploration in 


Mortgage, farm, debt, increase in 1928 
Mortgages, farm, foreclosures, 1927-28 
Motion pictures — 

department, extent of use - 

educational value - 

"talking" use by department... 
See also Films. 
importance in transportation 
use in marketing wheat in 


use in transporting fruit and 









































Motor— Continued, 
vehicles — 

gasoline tax, rates and reve- 
nue, 1928 

registration, totals for 1928 

See also Vehicles. 
Motz, Frank A., appointment as 

marketing specialist 

Mount Vernon Memorial Highway — 

bids, request 

contract for stone 


Mules. See Horses. 

Muscle Shoals project, discussion by 


Mushrooms, botulinus-infected, ship- 

Music week, announcement 

Mutton, supplies 

National Remedy Co., suit against 

food and drug officials 

Naval stores- 
act, aid to turpentine industry... 
advisory committee, appointment. 

grading, progress 

inspectors, appointment 

Negro colleges. See Colleges, negro. 

Negroes, aid in college survey 

Nelson, Edward William, resig- 
nation; work 

Nevada, law against obstruction of 


News-service method, discussion by 

M. S. Eisenhower 

Newspapers, circulation among farm- 
ers — 

Nielsen, Niels I., appointment to 

French post 

Norbece-Andresen Act, praise by 


Nunivak Island, reservation for game 


Oaths to expense accounts, adminis- 

Office of Information. See Informa- 
tion Office. 
mineral, use as adulterant 

stations, cooperative, success in 

Middle West 

Oklahoma boycott ease, decision 

Olive oil, adulteration and misbrand- 
ing, fines for 

Olsen, Nils A. — 

address before marketing officials. 

denial of cotton forecast 

Omaha livestock commission rate 

case, decision 

Orders, executive, style and make-up. 
Organization, need by farmers, dis- 
cussion by Secretary 

Outlook reports. See Agriculture, 
Outlook reports. 

Owls, benefit to farmer 

"Packer," definition in butter-case 


Packers — 

and stockyards act, enforcement- 
decision in commission rate 


in Oklahoma case 

decree, modification, hearing 

Palein, Samuel, appointment for 

naval-stores research 

Paper, manufacture from cornstalks, 


Parasites, internal, of sheep, control. . 

"Parasitic livers," in swine, cause 

Parcel-post matter, 4-pound limita- 

Parker, E. G., resignation 

Peaches — 

canned, seizure in plum-curculio 


phony disease- 
quarantine amendment 

quarantine in South 

duty increase 

production and prices, outlook 


Pecan-research committee, appoint- 

Pecans — 

production, study 

profits from in Arizona 

Peck, Millard, resignation. 

Pectin products, labeling, regulations. 
Pelicans, brown, study by biologist.. 
Personnel — 

and Business Administration, 
official notices. See Appendix, 
requests, authorization by Secre- 

Petroleum, containers, use, regula- 

Phony disease, of peaches — 

quarantine amendment 

quarantine in South 

Photographs, requisition for press, 


Phytopathological Society, meeting 

in Des Moines 

gain, rate, effect on quality of 


See also Hogs. 



4 I 










beetle, southern, destruetiveness. 
fast-growing, resistance to fire... 

Plant disease survey 

food, in soils, losses from erosion. . 

Immigrants, film 

Industry Bureau — 

appropriations, deficiency 

appropriations for 1930 

budget allowance for 1931 

personnel changes 

Quarantine and Control Ad- 
ministration — 

appropriations, deficiency 

appropriations for 1930 

budget allowance for 1931 

Plants, shipment to District of Co- 
lumbia, quarantine revision 

Plum curculio, damage and control. . 
Pneumonia cures, misbranding, pre- 

Pocket gophers. See Gophers. 
Population, farm, decrease in 1928... 
Pork, soft — 

causes, study 

relation to rate of gain in pig 

Porto Rico, trade increase 

committee, interstate, members.. 

crop, estimate 

growers, Maryland, meetings 

Potatoes — 
acreage — 


1929, outlook reports 

early, production increase in sea- 
board States, recommendation. 

prices, Feb. 15 to Mar. 15 

production and prices, outlook 


Poultry — 

cold-storage holdings, Jan. 1 

dressed, removal of feet for dis- 
ease control 

inedible, seizure by inspectors 

inspection service, expansion 

parasites, intermediate hosts 

producers, California, gross busi- 
ness in 12 years 

returns, comparison with feed cost. 
Power — 

site, in Alaska, discovery 

use, increase and effect on agri- 

Predators — 

control plan, recommendation by 


See also Animals, predatory. 
Press Service, savings to department. 
Price, David J., discussion of dust- 
explosion hazards 

Price insurance, bj T farm board, pro- 

Prices — 

analysis, aid to farmers 

cattle, forecast 

cotton, relation to quality, study, 
farm products- 
index, Dec. 15, 1928-Jan. 15, 


index, Jan. 15- Feb. 15, 1929.. 
index, Feb. 15-Mar. 15, 1929.. 

index, Apr. 15, 1929 

index, Mav 15, 1929 

index, Aug. 15, 1929 

index, Oct. 15, 1929 

index, Nov. 15, 1929 

November-December, 1928— 

Dec. 1, 1929, report 

farms, survey 

forecast from August estimates... 
hog, 1928-29, review and outlook 

tobacco, 1927 and 1928 

wheat.investigationby farm board. 
Printing — 

field, certification of vouchers 

style changes, announcement 

Proclamations and Executive orders, 

style and make-up 

Produce — 

agency act — 

enforcement in grape ship- 
ment — 

fines for violation 

fraudulent returns, prevention... 

Property, values, 1929 

Protein test, for wheat, indorsement 

by Secretary 

Prtjgh, Albert E., resignation 

domain, conservation and ad- 
ministration, cooperation with 

President's commission 

Roads Bureau- 
appropriations for 1930 

Budget allowance for 1931 

personnel changes 

articles by employees. Each issue, 
department, review. Each issue. 

educational value 

Purchases, discounts for prompt 


Purchasing Board, Federal, coordi- 
nating committee 


















2, 3, 4-5 














gizzard worm, life cycle, demon- 

Mexican, shipment to Italy 

study in South by biologists 

Quayle, H. J., survey of Mediter- 
ranean fruit fly 

Quinine, labeling, regulations 

industry, progress 

jack — 

economic importance... 

speed in travel 

Raccoons, raising in captivity 

Radio — 

broadcast of outlook reports 

conference in New England 

educational value 

farm hour, inauguration and 


noon-network program. Each 

service — 

extension in South 

national farm and home hour, 


stations, list 

Raisins. See Grapes. 

Ramie, as fiber crop, possibilities 

Randell, C. G., address before West- 
ern Cattle Marketing Association.. 
Rands, R. D., delegate to interna- 
tional congresses 

Ranges, livestock production, com- 
mittee for study 

Rats — 

eradication in North Carolina 

See also Rodents. 
Real estate, farm — 

values, survey. 

See also Farm lands. 
Redington, Paul G. — 
before New England For- 
estry Congress 

on wild-life protection 

election as president of American 

Foresters Society 

survey of wild life 

Reed, 0. E., warning to dairymen- 
Refrigeration, Canadian plan, for 

dairy farms 

Reindeer meat, status, statement by 

Government officials 

Reinsurance, problem in farm mutuals 
Research — 

administration, discussion by 

E. W. Allen 

agricultural, value, discussion 

by Secretary 

aid in by-products utilization 

appropriations for 1930 

benefits, article by M. S. Eisen- 

budget provisions for 1930 

by-products, legislation proposal. 
Corn-borer, Conference, report... 
cotton — 

committee and program 

uses, report by specialists 

definition of term, by forester 

farm structures, survey 

fellowships, award 

property rights, discussion 

pure science, discussion by A. F. 


returns from investment, dis- 
cussion by A. F. Woods 

work, organization in Great 

Britain, note 

Retirement — 
accounting for deductions 

deductions from salaries, rul- 

funds — 

advances, ruling 

unclaimed by employees 

Retirements, employees 

Rice, grading service, extension 

Rixford, Gulian Pickering, retire- 

building, article by E. W. James. 
funds, Federal, apportionment 

to States 

Alaskan, mileage and improve- 

Budget allowance for 1930 

Federal-aid — 

appropriations for 1930 

improvement, 1928, mileage- 
improvement progress 

forest, appropriations for 1930 

improvement — 

mileage and cost, 1928 

program in Ohio 

Public, Bureau- 
appropriations for 1930 

Budget aDowance for 1931 

revenue from gasoline tax •-. 
















































f 8 






































Roads — Continued. 

traffic, survey in West 

See also Highways. 
Roahen, Kenneth F., praise by 



in Arizona 


on range, benefits 

poisoning with thallium sulphate. 
See also Rats. 
Rohwer, August, praise for extra- 
ordinary services 

Rokahr, Mary A., appointment as 

extension specialist 

Rosin — 

grading, progress. 

inspectors, appointment 

Rubber — 
collection by Humbert- 
Swingle expedition 

growing in Florida, success., 
stamps, signature, cost, purchase, 

and use, regulation 

Ruehle, G. L. A., appointment as 

senior bacteriologist - 

Rural — 

Affairs Institute, meeting at 

Blacksburg, Va 

life, health advantages 

Russell, F. M., resignation 

Russia, mechanized farming 

Rye, production and prices, outlook 


deductions for retirement fund.— 
Welch Act adjustments — 

appropriations, deficiency 

cost .. 

Salmon canneries, inspection 

Sanitation, benefits in hog produetion. 
Saunders, Belle C, death notice.. 

Sawmills, study in Illinois 

Scenery, obstruction from view, Ne- 
vada law against 

Schilling, W. F., address to dairy- 

School, graduate. See Graduate, 

Schools, rural — 

centralization, trend, and ad- 

conference on 

Schreiner, Oswald — 

attendance at Pacific Science 

Congress * 

delegate to international con- 

Science — 

American Association for Ad- 
vancement, meeting in Des 


international congresses, delegates. 
Scientists, property rights in re- 
search, discussion 

Scruggs, Frank H., resignation 

Secretary — 
Office of— 

appropriation for 1930 _. 

budget allowance for 1931 

memoranda. See Appendix. 

personnel changes 

preparation of letters for, regula- 

See also Hyde; Jardine. 
growers, loans by farm board 

loans to farmers in Southeast... 

verification conference 

Septicemia, hemorrhagic, control 

with vaccine 

Shaw, Roscoe H., death notice 

Columbia breed, practical points. 

feeding for market, numbers 

parasites, control treatments 

production and prices, outlook 


sale at Idaho experiment station. . 

Sheeting, bed, standardization 

Sheets, E. W., address before animal 

production society 

Sherrard, E. C, honor by Amer- 
ican Chemical Society 

Shipping fever. See Septicemia, 

Sires — 

improvement, progress in Ken- 

purebred, numbers in Kentucky. 
Skinner, W. W. — 

anniversary of service 

studies in Northwest 

Slosson, E. E., discussion of micro- 

Smelter fumes, damage in Columbia 

Valley, study 

Smith — 

C. B., address in Indiana 


discussion of fruit marketing 

in Europe 


Frank D.. promotion 

Maey A. Easby, death notice... 


































































erosion. See Erosion, 
scientists, international confer- 
ence _ 

Survey — 

association, meeting 

methods, use in Pretoria 

work, praise by Georgian 

wastage from erosion, discussion 

by H. H. Bennett 

Bureau. See Chemistry and Soils. 

losses from erosion 

surveying, aid by airplanes 

farm problems, discussion by H. 

G. Knight 

soil-erosion survey 

South Dakota, extension service, 

regional meetings 

Southeast, seed loans to farmers 

Southwest, organization against soil 


combine harvesting, advisability- 
inspection, extension. 

Spanish War veterans, leave to at- 
tend encampment 

Specifications, Federal, substitute 


Spencer, Frank H., promotion 

Spray residue, removal preparation, 

litigation over patent 

Squill, red, use as rat poison 

Stabilization corporation, recogni- 
tion by farm board 

Standard container act, penalty pro- 

Standards — 

American Association, member- 
ship and work 

interdepartmental, use, procedure. 
Stanley, Louise, appointment to 

Standards Council 

Statisticians, conference 

Stephenson, Charles H., death 


Stock. See Livestock. 
Stockberger, W. W., election as 

president of Federal club 

Stocks, surcharges on transfers 

Stomach worms, of sheep, control 


Storage — 

cold. See Cold storage. 

fire prevention, conference 

grain — 

at Northwest markets, report, 
on farms, recommendations. 

Storm relief, seed loans to farmers 

Strawberries — 

crimps disease, cause, descrip- 
tion, and spread 

fertilizing in North Carolina 

production, outlook for 1930 

Strong, Lee A., appointment as 
chief of Plant Quarantine and Con- 
trol Administration 

Stuart, R. Y., discussion of — 

private forest lands 

woods burning 

Students, high-school, mental tests 

in Tennessee 


of milk, manufacture process, dis- 

production and prices, outlook re- 

Sugarcane, by-products, uses, study. 
Supplies — 

coordinating committee 


surcharges on transfers. 

Surcharges, fixing on transfers of ma- 
terials and supplies .-. 

Surplus — 

disposal, aid by chemical research, 
farm, problem, discussion by 


Swans, damage to food of ducks,in- 


Swarthout, Arthur V., resignation- 
Swine — 

board, national, organization 

board, meeting in Indiana... 
Policy, National Board, or- 

See also Hogs. 
Swingle, Charles F., plant collec- 
tions from Madagascar 

Tagg Brothers et al., commission 

rate case, decision. 

bill, provisions 

discussion by President 

revision, discussion by President, 
schedules, discussion by Secretary 
distribution, discussion 

reduction, Federal aid, pro- 

survey, 1925-1927. 

gasoline.rates and collections, 1928. 




















































































experts, appointment 

imports, increase 

Teagtte, C. C, address on market- 
ing extension 

Telegraph stations, list 

Temperatures, low, 1928-29, explana- 

Tents and tentage, procurement 

through Department of Justice 

Tern, trans- Atlantic flight 

Tetrachlorethylene, effectiveness 

against sheep parasites 

Teuton. Frank L., appointment to 

Radio Service 

Texas, county library, success 

Textiles, score cards, use by manu- 

Thallium sulphate, use in poisoning 


Thanksgiving, proclamation 

Ticks, cattle- 
control workers, praise in Georgia, 
eradication, fines for interference. 

quarantine removal 

Timber. See Forest. 

Tinker, Earl W., appointment as 

district forester. 
Tobacco — 

graded, price 

grading service- 
extension f 

in North Carolina 

growers, organization need 

inspection work, provision in 
Agricultural Economics Bu- 

prices, research 

production and prices— 

1927 and 1928 

outlook report 

stocks — 

reporting under stocks and 

standards act 

reports by grades__ 

Tomatoes, gas treatment, effect on 

vitamin content 

Tractors, field day in Montana 

coordinator, appointment 

roads, survey in West 

expenses, regulations 

farm products, aid by market 

news service 

motor-truck, importance 

expense — 

per diem, for Sundays and 


reimbursement, voucher 


regulations — 


interpretation by Comp- 
troller General 

volume and density in West, 

survey - — 

Trees, planting stock, distribution 

by Forest Service, 1928 

Trees. See also Forest; Forests. 
Truck crops, reporting work, ex- 

Trucks, motor. See Motor trucks. 
True, Alfred Charles — 

death notice; work 

history of extension work 

summary of educational progress. 
Tuberculosis — 

"cures," so-called, decrease in use. 







Tuberculosis— Continued. 
.. eradication — 

appropriations for 1930 

conference in Massachusetts. _ 



Turf, protection from soil grubs 

Turkeys, grading — 

school in Utah 

service — 


extent, 1928 



Turpentine, sulphate wood, definition. 
Undulant fever, relation to infectious 

abortion __ 

Vegetables — 

export from Mexico, effect of 


labeling, regulations.. 

production — 

and prices, outlook report 


sterilization against fruit fly 

winter, imports, increase 

Vehicles — 

Government, injury to persons and 
property, responsibility involved 
passenger-carrying, administra- 
tive regulations 

See also Motor vehicles. 
Veterans, preference, Civil Service 

rules, amendment 

Virginia, wild-life exhibit 

Wages, farm and other labor, com- 
parison for 1926 

Walker, J. F., report of wool survey. . 
Wall, Norman J., return to Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics... 
Warburton, C. W.— 
address — 

before, land-grant college as- 

in Indiana 

on extension progress 

relief work in Porto Rico 

Warehouse act, amendment proposal. 
Warner, K. F., honor by American 

Society of Animal Production 

Waste, utilization, study by Henry 

G. Knight 

Waterfowl — 

abundance in Chesapeake Bay 


hunting season, dates 

Waterways, development," discus- 
sion by President 

Weather — 
Bureau — 

aid to aviation, discussion 

by C. F. Marvin 

appreciation for flood-relief 


appropriation, deficiency 

Budget allowance for 1931 

cold, 1928-29, explanation 

effect on farm situation 

forecasts for airways, appropria- 
tions for 1930 

reporting for aviators 

station, establishment at Boiling 


Weidman, R. H., address on "What 

is 'Research'?" 

Wells — 

Frank L., assignment 

J. E., jr., address on cooperative 

































































































7 1 


West, roads traffic, survey 

West Virginia, study of forestry prac- 


forecast for 1930 

1929, outlook reports 


cooperative associations, 
by farm board 

export, rail rates, reduction 

flours. See Flours, wheat. 

growers, loans by farm board 

marketing associations, loans by 
farm board . 

movement to market, 1929 

effect of storage congestion. _ _ 
investigation by farm board.. 
November-December, 1928 
production and— 

prices, outlook report 

supply, 1929 


test.indorsement by Secretary, 
testing bill, passage in Senate, 
transportation by motor truck in 


See also Grain. 
Whetzel, W. W., lecture on plant 


Wild life- 
exhibit in Virginia 

protection, discussion by Paul G. 

Redington ." 

resources and problems, discus- 
sion by Paul G. Redington 

Wilkinson, F. B., transfer to tobacco 



R. W., transfer 

W. K., appointment as extension 

Winter, C. E — 

appointment as Solicitor 

refusal of appointment 

Wisconsin, extension courses 

Wolves. See Coyotes. 

Women, time spent on home tasks, 


Woodgate rust, quarantine amend- 

Woods, A. F. — 
before land-grant colleges 

before Maine farm bureaus... 
on promotion of agriculture. _ 

statement on canning foods 

Woods, burning, in South, discussion 

by R. Y. Stuart 

excess profits, collection 

Marketing Council, conference 

with farm board 

production and marketing survey 
Working funds, increases and de-" 

creases, 1931 

Worm remedies, misbranding 

Writing, scientific, discussion by 

Clarence E. McClung 

Yearbook, 1928, distribution 

Yoder, Peter A., death notice 

Young, Stanley P., survev of wild 


Youngblood, B., appointment to — 

cotton-research committee 

Office of Experiment Stations 
















Budget, Bureau- 

257. Standard contract forms. 
263. Capt. Howard D. Lamar. 
Miscellaneous, unnumbered. 
Liquidation Board dissolved. _. 






















tration — 










and Business Adminis- 


rs — Continued. 

Veterans' preference 

Digest of legislation . 

Gasoline purchases 

Traffic manager. 

Simplified practice 

Advance of funds 

Facsimile stamps 

Requests for Secretary's 
























Personnel and Business Adminis- 
Circulars— Continued. 

138. Executive orders and 












139. Procurement of tents 



101. Sec. III. Names, of 9 

Memorandum, unnumbered- 
Personal expense accounts 

Secretary, Office of— 
Memoranda — 

585. Vehicles. 


106. Cable, radio, and tele- 
graph activities 

108. Suppl. 4. Federal speci- 


Spanish War Veterans... 
Fire prevention _ 

586. Transfers and promo- 
tions. . . 


109. Suppl. 3. Surcharges on 
materials and supplies 
transferred _. 

Tax-free gasoline in New 

587. Preparation of letters for 

signature of Secretary.. 

588. Bureau reorganization. . . 

589. Forest Service district 


Change in Budget re- 


111. Suppl. 1. Interdepart- 

Administration of oaths 

to expense accounts 

State tax on gasoline 

Temporary a p point- 


Circular Letter No. 10. Ap- 
pointment of coordinator for 
traffic . . 

590. Reinstatement of em- 


591. Nonofficial employment 
of employees.. . 


Decision on gasoline purchases.-. 
Travel regulations 

Gasoline purchased in 

Vnuumbered — 

Cooperation with Presi- 
dent's I Commission on 
Consen ation and Ad- 
ministration of Public 

Executive Order No. 5221. Non- 

official employment of employees.. 

Personnel and Business Adminis- 

Acceptance of bids 

Procurement of canvas 
and other cloth bags... 

Mailing of material ex- 
ceeding 4 pounds 

Gasoline purchased in 



114. Travel regulations 

Photographs for the press. 
Solicitor, opinion on responsibility for 
injury bj vehicles driven by Gov- 
ernment employees 


Hii K.llirii'iify ratings . . 

Field printing... 




United States 


of Agriculture 

Certificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, January 3, 1929 

No. 1 


Department's Most Recent Survey Shows 

Smallest Declines Since Drastic 

Deflation Set In 

Improvement in the farm real estate 
situation is noted by the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics in its third annual 
survey of the farm-lands market. The 
survey is based largely upon reports 
made by farmers and real-estate dealers 
throughout the country. 

During the period under review, March 
1, 1927, to March 1, 1928, farm real-es- 
tate values, averaged for the United 
States as a whole, showed the smallest 
decline recorded in any single year since 
the drastic postwar deflation set in. 
Values of improved farm land per acre 
declined but 2 per cent on the average 
during 1927 and early 1928, as compared 
with a decline of twice that figure be- 
tween March 1, 1926, and March 1, 1927. 
As of March 1, 1928, the national aver- 
age value per acre was 17 per cent above 
the pre-war level, as indicated by the 
survey, compared with a figure of 19 per 
cent above pre-war reached on March 1, 
1927, and a peak of 70 per cent above 
recorded on the same date in 1920. 
Averaged for the entire country, the cur- 
rent figure of 17 per cent above pre-war 
represents approximately the same level 
of values as prevailed in 1917. 

The major declines in values continued 
to be felt in the same regions in which 
the heaviest losses appear to have been 
centered in recent years, principally the 
Corn and Cotton Belts. However, in 
both of these, the decreases for the year 
ended March 1, 1928, were smaller than 
those for the corresponding preceding 
period from March 1, 1926, to March 1, 
1927. In some Southern States values 
hardened materially. Equally encourag- 
ing results were reported from Montana 
and the two Dakotas, where values for 
the first time in many years exhibited 
a tendency toward comparative firmness. 
Although continuing their decline of the 
last seven years, Iowa values showed the 
smallest decrease recorded since the war- 
time peak was reached, and in all of the 
Midwestern States without exception 
values showed smaller losses for the year 
ended March 1, 1928, than for the corre- 
sponding period ended March 1, 1927. 
The bureau makes no forecast as to 
whether or not " bottom " has been 
reached in farm-land values in the 

Values in the New England and 
Middle Atlantic States showed very little 
change. Pacific coast values declined 
(Continued on paffe 7) 
28010°— 29 


Appointed by Secretary Jardine to represent 
the Department of Agriculture on the stand- 
aids council of the American Standards Asso- 


Appointed by Secretary Jardine to Work 
with Industrial Experts in De- 
veloping Standards 

Dr. Louise Stanley, chief of the Bureau 
of Home Economics, has been appointed 
by Secretary Jardine as an official repre- 
sentative of the Department of Agricul- 
ture on the Standards Council of the 
American Standards Association. This 
appointment marks the first entrance of 
the American woman into the field of 
technical direction of national industrial 
standardization activities, says William 
J. Serrill, president of the association. 

For several years Doctor Stanley has 
been actively interested in industrial 
standardization as it affects the house- 
hold, and in the last year she has had 
an important part in planning the stand- 
ardization of household refrigerators and 
sheeting, under the auspices of the Amer- 
ican Standards Association. She is 
chairman of a technical committee of the 
association which is working on refriger- 
ator standardization. 

In the membership of the standards 

council are 60 scientists and engineers, 

representing 37 member organizations of 

the association. These member organiza- 

(Continwed on page 1) 


Senate Adopts Resolution for Relief of 

Southeast and House Passes 

One to Aid Porto Rico 

Congress adjourned for the holidays 
on Saturday, December 22, to reconvene 
on Thursday, January 3. Prior to the 
recess action on a number of impor- 
tant measures of interest to the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture was taken. 

The Department of Agriculture ap- 
propriation bill was passed by the 
House on December 19. Information in 
regard to the appropriation bill as ap- 
proved by the House appears elsewhere 
in this issue of The Official Record. 

Senate Joint Resolution 182, provid- 
ing for financial aid in the form of loans 
to farmers in the southeastern part of 
the United States who suffered from the 
recent severe storms and floods, was 
passed by the Senate on December 20. 
When this issue of The Official Record 
went to press action had not yet been 
taken by the House. The resolution 
would provide $15,000,000 for making 
advances or loans to farmers for the 
purchase of seed, feed, and fertilizers, 
and would authorize the Secretary of 
Agriculture to make such advances or 
loans. The Secretary of Agriculture 
would be authorized to sell seed, feed, 
and fertilizers to farmers if it should 
seem necessary. The total amount of 
advances, loans, or sales to any one in- 
dividual farmer could not exceed $3,000, 
and the financial aid would be made un- 
der the terms, conditions, and regula- 
tions prescribed by the Secretary of 

House bill 5773, commonly known as 
the Boulder Dam bill, has been passed 
by both Houses and signed by the Presi- 
dent. The bill was passed by the House 
on May 25, during the last session, and 
by the Senate on December 13. The 
bill as passed by the House was amended 
in the Senate and the amendment was 
concurred in by the House. The bill 
provides for the construction of engi- 
neering works for the protection and 
development of the Colorado River Ba- 
sin and for the approval of the Colo- 
rado River compact by the States in- 

House Joint Resolution 352, providing 
for the relief of Porto Rico on account 
of the hurricane which swept the island 
last September, was passed by the House 
on December 17 and by the Senate on 
December 18. This resolution author- 
izes the creation of a commission con- 


sisting of the Secretaries of the Treas- 
ury, of War, and of Agriculture, and 
provides that an amount up to $6,000,000 
may be loaned to the people of the 
Island, under the direction of the com- 
mission, for the rehabilitation of agri- 
culture, and particularly for the relief 
of planters of coffee and coconuts, for 
the repair of roads and schools dam- 
aged by the hurricane, and to provide 

Senator Schall, of Minnesota, intro- 
duced a measure (S. J. Res. 183) pro- 
viding for the printing of the Congres- 
sional Record on paper made from waste 
products of held crops of American 
farms. This resolution was referred to 
the Senate Committee on Printing. 

Representative Aswell, of Louisiana, 
has introduced a bill (H. R. 15675] pro- 
viding for the purchase and sale of 
cotton by net weight. This was referred 
to the House Committee on Agriculture. 

On December 21 a communication was 
received from the President transmitting 
supplemental estimates of appropria- 
tions amounting to $12,500 for the De- 
partment of Agriculture, for the fiscal 
year 1929, for an additional amount for 
the maintenance of insular experiment 
stations and enabling the Secretary of 
Agriculture to repair or restore prop- 
erty destroyed at the Porto Rico and 
Virgin Islands stations by the hurricane 
of September 13. 


Dr. J. J. Durrett, chief of drug con- 
trol, Food, Drug, and Insecticide Ad- 
ministration, presided at a meeting in 
Washington December 18 of a joint con- 
tact committee of drug manufacturers 
and a contact committee appointed by 
the American Medical Association, which 
was called for the primary purpose of 
considering problems relating to the 
manufacture and labeling of ampuls 
(small bottles, phials) in order that a 
policy of regulatory control might be de- 
veloped that would be practical for drug 
manufacturers and at the same time 
satisfactory to physicians. Although 
the joint contact committee of the drug 
manufacturers has been functioning for 
some time, this meeting in December 
was the first occasion in which the con- 
tact committee of the American Medical 
Association had been called in for con- 
sultation. This latter committee was 
appointed for the purpose of ascertaining 
and authoritatively expressing the con- 
sensus of medical opinion upon any medi- 
cal questions that might arise in connec- 
tion with the enforcement of the Fed- 
eral food and drugs act. The Food. 
Drug, and Insecticide Administration is 
of the opinion that these contact com- 
mittees are accomplishing very valuable 
results in the matter of bringing about 
greater accuracy in some of the potent 
drugs prescribed by physicians. 


Writes Senator McNary, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, That 
No Single Measure Could Be Expected to Cover the Necessities Entirely, and That as This 
Bill Provides the Basis for Substantial and Permanent Improvement for Agriculture It Should 
Be Enacted as Soon as Possible So That It Would Apply to the 1929 Crops 

A new import duty on leaf tobacco 
and cigarettes, equal in amount to the 
various special taxes now imposed but 
which it will replace, has been an- 
nounced by the National Government of 
China, reports P. O. Nyhus, United 
States agricultural commissioner at 
Shanghai. It becomes effective Febru- 
ary 1. 


Ms Dear Sexatob : 

I have your letter of December 8 inclosing 
for my consideration and report, the bill 
which Vou recently introduced in the Senate. 
S. 4602— 

A bill to establish a Federal Farm Board 
to aid in the orderly marketing, and in the 
control and disposition of the surplus, of 
agricultural commodities in interstate and 
foreign commerce. 

The main objectives of this measure, in my 
oDinion, are: (1) To provide means of han- 
dling recurring surpluses in order to stabilize 
prices of farm products, and thereby to se- 
cure, by orderly marketing, the maximum re- 
turns for the crop as a whole ; (2) to enable 
the producer to get a greater share of the 
consumer's dollar by reducing the cost of 
marketing and by preventing speculation and 
waste in handling farm products; and (3) to 
encourage producers to organize effective as- 
sociations under their control for a better 
balanced production, more economical distri- 
bution, and greater bargaining power in the 
market. I am firmly convinced that these 
objectives are essential to a sound program for 
permanent improvement in agriculture and 
that they are attainable with the aid of the 
plan proposed in this bill. 

Without attempting to discuss this measure 
in detail, I shall review its main provisions 
in order to describe briefly what I believe to 
be the principal functions of the major parts 
of the plan. 

A Federal farm board is provided for in 
section 2 and its general powers are described 
in section 3. It is essential, as contemplated 
in this bill, that the members of the board 
should be men of demonstrated capacity and 
fitness, as on them rests the responsibility for 
successful administration of this plan. Given 
a board composed of men of outstanding abil- 
ity and sympathetic understanding of the 
problems and needs of agriculture. I am confi- 
dent that the plan would succeed. Without 
such a board it would fail. 

The advisory councils, provided for in sec- 
tion 4, would afford producers of the various 
commodities continuous and effective represen- 
tation before the board and before the public. 

The stabilization corporations (sec. 5) are 
central agencies with two main functions : 
(1) To act as merchandising agents for the 
cooperative marketing associations and for in- 
dividual producers owning stock or member- 
ship interest in the corporation; and (2) to 
handle recurring surpluses of farm products. 
These corporations would be under the control 
of producers and would not put the Govern- 
ment directly into business. 

Under the first function, each corporation 
could become a strong, central agency for 
merchandising farm products and should be 
able not only to stabilize the market and to 
secure bargaining power for the producer, but 
also to merchandise the commodity efficiently 
and to secure returns for the farmer accord- 
ing to the quality of his product. The corpo- 
ration should become a powerful factor in the 
market, operating in the interest of the pro- 

Under the second function, namely, that of 
handling surpluses, the corporation would be 
able to buy surplus farm products produced by 
nonmembers as well as by members of the co- 
operative associations, thus relieving these as- 
sociations of carrying alone the burden of sur- 
plus control. This is a great deal more than 
a plan to lend money to the cooperative associ- 
ations. The stabilization corporation, throu- r ii 
its ability to handle as much of the product 
as might be necessary to stabilize the market, 
should be able to save the producer from pre- 
ventable loss due to exceptional crop surpluses. 

With the operation of stabilization corpora- 
tions, it is obvious that speculators would not 
dare undertake, by heavy speculative short 
selling, to depress prices below a level justi- 
fiable by supply and demand. That such spec- 
ulation occurs is forcefully illustrated in Tech- 
nical Bulletin 79-T of this department. Major 
Transactions in the 1926 December Wheat Fu- 
ture, showing, among other things, that on 
September 8, 1926. two professional specula- 
tors controlled a short Interest of more than 

22 million bushels, which was 32.6 per cent 
of the total open market contract m the De- 
cember futures. Such short selling is sure to 
depress the price at the very time "when fann- 
ers market heavily. I am confident that the 
stabilization corporations would go a long wa\ 
toward eliminating this abuse. 

Section 6 provides for (1) loans to the 
stabilization corporations for handling recur- 
ring surpluses, including the purchase or con- 
struction of necessary physical facilities, and 
(2) loans to individual cooperative associations 
for advances to members at the time of de- 
livery to the associations in addition to the 
credit obtained from existing sources, for con- 
struction or purchase of physical facilities, for 
experimental price insurance, and for extend- 
ing the membership. Certain conditions are 
laid down to insure reasonable safety of the 
funds advanced, and the board is given ample 
authority to prescribe such additional safe- 
guards as may be necessary to protect the 
public funds and to insure their use only for 
purposes that will promote the objects of this 

Section 5 authorizes the appropriation of 
S300.000.000 for a revolving loan fund. It is 
assumed that Congress will provide for raising 
this sum, or as much of it as may be needed, 
since there is no surplus in the Treasury. 
This is not a measure to subsidize agricul- 
ture by calling upon the Treasury to pay losses 
incurred in disposing of surplus farm commodi- 
ties. It is a plan to finance, by loans, a broad 
program for the aid of agriculture. With a 
strong farm board to administer these loans, 
I believe that the principal need not be im- 
paired, and the loans would bear a rate of 
interest at least sufficient to cover the interest 
paid by the Treasury on its issues. After 
these many years of study and discussion, it 
is, or should be. generally evident that the 
agricultural problems which this measure is 
designed to solve are charged with a vital 
public interest justifying governmental assist- 
ance including public loans. 

It might seem, upon hasty consideration of 
this measure, that the terms of the loans give 
pieference to the stabilization corporations as 
compared with individual cooperative associa- 
tions. With more careful study, however, it 
becomes evident that these associations are 
granted advantages, through the corporations, 
which should be decidedly "helpful to the coop- 
erative movement. As already pointed out. 
these corporations would be well qualified to 
act as central merchandising agencies for the 
number organizations, and would stand ready 
to meet emergencies due to recurring surpluses, 
without placing the burden of surplus control 
exclusively upon the cooperative associations. 
Liberal but carefully controlled financing of 
the stabilization corporations is necessary, 
especially in the formative stages of their 
development and until it shall have become 
possible to finance their operations through 
regularly constituted credit agencies. More- 
over, the stabilization corporations would be 
owned by the cooperative associations, and by 
individual producers who might acquire shares 
of stock. There is. therefore, no fundamental 
difference between the assistance granted to 
the individual cooperative associations and 
that granted to the stabilization corporations. 

Many forms of direct assistance would be 
granted to cooperative marketing under this 
bill. Provision is made in section 9 for clear- 
ing house associations for more advantageous 
distribution of perishable agricultural commodi- 
ties. The direct loans to cooperative associa- 
tions are designed to strengthen the coopera- 
tive movement. In fact, one of the principal 
objectives of the whole measure is to en- 
ciiirage producers to organize for more effective 
control of their business, and it is evident that 
a properly constituted board would make every 
effort to carry out the declared policy. This 
measure, if enacted into law, in my opinion, 
would afford a powerful aid to cooperation in 
agriculture, could be put into operation quickly 
after the organization of the board and of ad- 
visory councils, and would not require many 
additional Government employees. 

While this measure goes far beyond any 
agricultural legislation yet enacted, it is based 
in a large measure upon existing legislation 
especially that providing for agricultural 
credit and research. I believe that the pro- 
(Co7itinued at foot of page S) 



The bill providing appropriations for the Department of Agriculture 
for the fiscal year 1930 was reported on December 14 and passed 
by the House on December 10. A net increase of $2,149,947.37 is 
provided in the general working funds of the department. 

The bill carries an apparent total of $143,408,047, which, with 
$11,048,436 in permanent and indefinite funds otherwise provided, 
makes a total of direct appropriations for all purposes of $154,456,483. 
Adding to this $1,445,040 on account of certain unexpended balances 
reappropriated, and omitting consideration of salary adjustments under 
the Welch Act for which $2,342,549 is included in the House bill but 
for which corresponding funds for 1929 have not yet been appropri- 
ated, gives a net total of available funds for 1930, on a comparable 
basis with the total provided for 1929, of $153,558,974, including 
$82,000,000 for road construction. This $153,558,974 compares with 
a total of $155,606,320.63 available for 1929, or a decrease of 
$2,047,346.63, including a reduction of $4,197,294 in road appropria- 
tions and a net increase of $2,149,947.37 in the general working funds 
of the department. 

Road Funds 

The reduction of $4,197,294 in the appropriations for road construc- 
tion consists of (1) omission of the nonrecurring item of $5,197,294 
which was added in 1929 for the construction of roads and bridges in 
flood-devastated areas in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Kentucky, and 
an apparent decrease of $2,500,000. the 1929 allotment for construct- 
ing the Mount Vernon memorial highway ($2,000,000 of which, how- 
ever, is being continued available for 1930) : and (2) increases of 
$500,000 for forest roads and trails and $3,000,000 for the Federal-aid 
highway system. 

Increase in Working Funds 

The indicated increase of $2,149,947.37 over 1929 appropriations for 
general purposes, exclusive of funds for salary adjustments under the 
Welch Act, is $874,592 in excess of Budget allowances for 1930, the 
details of which were reported in The Official Record of December 
12. The following changes, compared with the Budget, are made by 
the House bill : 

Increases and Decreases in the House 

Compared with the Budget for 1930 as Outlined in The Official Record of Decem- 
ber 12, 1928 

Bureau and item 

Miscellaneous expenses (for expenses of examining estimates 

for appropriations in the field) 

Printing and binding (additional amount to provide for ur- 
gent printing needs of department) 


Tuberculosis indemnities 

Animal husbandry (Budget increase for investigation of 

Karakul sheep not allowed) 

Dourine eradication (completion of eradication work on 

Indian reservations in Arizona). 

Dairy research (additional amount for extending factory 

studies of cheese manufacture) _ 

Mycology and disease survey (mushroom-disease investi- 

Forest pathology (additional amount for investigation of 

European larch canker) 

Plant nutrition (Budget increase for study on plant growth 

as affected by length of day disallowed). 

Cereal crops and diseases — 
Budget increase for expanding rice-breeding work in 

California disallowed _ 

Barberry eradication (Budget reduction restored). 

Horticultural crops and diseases- 
Budget increase for studying effect of fertilizers on carry- 
ing and keeping quality of fruits disallowed 

Pecan cultural and disease investigations at Shreveport 

(La.) station 

Forage crops and diseases (investigating causes of alfalfa 

failure in lower Mississippi delta region) 


Forest survey (additional amount) 

Forest economics (additional amount) __- 

Silvical investigations (study of methods of turpentining in 

southern pine region) 

Forest fire cooperation (additional amount for Federal 

allotments to cooperating States) 

Agricultural chemistry investigations — 

Food research (Budget increase disallowed) 

Study of methods of reducing sulphur-dioxide content of 

sulphured dried fruits (Budget increase disallowed) 

Investigation of native tanning plants and establishment 
in United States of promising foreign tanning-bearing 

plants (Budget increase disallowed)^ 

Insecticide and fungicide investigations (development of 
new and better insecticides for control of codling moth, 
with special reference to fruit-growing regions of Pacific 


$7, 500 

i 550, 000 

2 5,000 







100, 000 




10, 000 




Bureau and item 

Dust explosions and farm fires (elimination of 1929 increase 

for investigating farm fires) 


Deciduous fruit insects (elimination of 1929 increase for 

spraying blueberries by airplane for maggot control) 

Tropical, subtropical, and ornamental plant insects (in- 
vestigating bulb insects in the East) 1 

Truck crop insects (development of methods for control of 

wire worms affecting miscellaneous truck crops) 

Cereal and forage insects (investigation of cricket in north- 
western Colorado) 

Stored product insects (additional amount for studying in- 
sects affecting flour, particularly flour intended for export) . 
Economic investigations, including rodent and predatory- 
animal control (restoration of budget reduction) 

Protection of migratory birds (Budget increase for wood- 
cock survey disallowed) 

Agricultural engineering (study of drainage methods on 

sugar-cane lands in southern Louisiana) 

Marketing and distributing farm products- 
Preliminary survey of cotton-marketing problems in irri- 
gated sections of Southwest (budget increase disallowed) 
Study of value of farmer-owned motor trucks as new 

market outlets (budget increase disallowed) __ 

Home economics research (for revision of Department Bul- 
letin 28, the Chemical Composition of American Food 



Preventing spread of pink bollworm 

Agricultural investigations in cooperation with South Caro- 
lina Experiment Station. 

Soil erosion and rainfall investigations (new item for study 
of causes and means of preventing destructive soil erosion 
and conservation of rainfall by terracing or otherwise) 

Total 1,064,745 


$7, 500 







15, 000 
« 160, 000 





5 100, 000 

190, 153 

1 $257,000 immediately available. 

! Immediately available. 

3 Of the total appropriated for cotton insects, the bill makes $10,000 immediately 
available for boll-weevil research control work in Oklahoma. 

1 Immediately available. 

< To be increased, however, by reappropriation of an indeterminate balance of 
funds available for pink bollworm work during 1929 remaining unexpended on 
June 30, 1929. 

6 $40,000 immediately available. 

Net increase over budget in working funds provided by House bill, $874,592. 


(Continued from page 2) 

posed farm board, and the whole system of 
advisory councils, stabilization corporations, 
and underlying structure of cooperative asso- 
ciations would enhance greatly the effective- 
ness of the results of economic and tech- 
nological research in agriculture. The actions 
of the board, the business policies of the sta- 
bilization corporations and of the cooperative 
associations, and the development of suitable 
programs of planting and breeding, must be 
based on adequate information, as suggested 
in section 3, paragraphs (g) and (h). It 
would be necessary, therefore, to strengthen 
our research especially on factors affecting 
crop prices, competition and demand in for- 
eign countries, and new uses of farm products. 

Should this bill become law, it probably 
would be necessary to amend it from time to 
time, as contemplated in section 3, paragraph 
(c), which directs the board to make an an- 
nual report to Congress on " any matter re- 
lating to the better effectuation of the de- 
clared policy, including recommendations for 
legislation." The necessity of making changes 
in the light of experience certainly would 
apply to any surplus-control legislation. 

This measure, having been introduced and 
copies distributed, no doubt is being studied in 
detail by agricultural leaders and others, and 
it is highly probable that meritorious sug- 
gestions will be made for its improvement. I 
do not believe, however, that it should be 
necessary to change its fundamental struc- 
ture, as it includes those basic provisions on 
which there appears to be an increasingly 
general agreement. 

No single measure could be expected to in- 
clude all that should be done by legislation 

to strengthen the economic position of agri- 
culture. But I am firmly of the opinion that 
this bill provides the basis for a substantial 
and permanent improvement of this, our basic 
industry. I do not believe that the relation 
of other needed legislation to this measure is 
such as to necessitate its delay pending the 
enactment or prolonged consideration of such 
legislation. Since it would require some time 
to put the provisions of this bill into opera- 
tion, I believe that it should be passed as 
early as possible in order to make it applicable 
to the 1929 crop. 

Sincerely yours, 




December 19, 1928. 

of Agriculture, 



Unith) States 

Issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 

Washington, D. C 

The Official Recobd is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essarv to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at tlie rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the chief of bureau 
or office officially concerned with the subject 
matter. Copy must be received before Thurs- 
day in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. The office of 
The Official Record is at 215 Thirteenth 
Street SW., in the Press Service. Telephone : 
Main 4650, branch 242. 



A story of grazing on the range as re- 
lated to plant growth will be told in two 
new educational motion-picture films now 
being prepared by the Forest Service and 
the Motion Picture Laboratory. One, On 
a Thousand Hills, will deal with sheep 
grazing, and the other, Green Pastures, 
with the grazing of cattle. Most of the 
photography was completed last summer 
by forest officers on range areas in the 
intermountain region and the Southwest. 
The two films will present the problems 
of grazing from a new angle. Primary 
interest will be centered in the forage 
plants themselves instead of in livestock. 
Millions of acres of range land in the 
Western States need better management 
for bringing back and maintaining an 
adequate cover of forage plants. A num- 
ber of " shots " show how plants react 
to various methods of grazing. The 
stunted root systems of overgrazed plants 
and the strong roots of properly grazed 
plants are compared. The films will 
show grass actually growing before the 
lens, and some of the more interesting 
phases of the plants' life, such as the 
breathing of the leaves, will be pre- 
sented. Each film is one reel. Release 
will be early next spring. 


Approximately 50,000 dressed turkeys 
sold in eastern cities last Thanksgiving 
season bore the Government stamp TJ. S. 
Pbime. Representatives of the dairy and 
poultry products division of the Bureau of 
Agriculture Economics were extremely 
busy during the week before the holiday at 
the division's offices in Washington, New 
York, and Boston. The Boston office co- 
operated with the Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island State departments of agri- 
culture at Boston. Springfield, and Provi- 
dence. Other points where turkeys were 
graded were Albany. N. Y., and New 
Haven. Conn. Each bird that graded TJ. 
S. Prime was stamped on the back and 
bad a tag attached to a wing to show the 
grade. At Washington grading was done 

for five systems of chain stores and the 
Marine Corps, the Veterans' Bureau, and 
St. Elizabeths Hospital. Preparatory to 
the grading in New England a turkey 
grading school was held at Boston. This 
school was attended by representatives of 
the division of dairy and poultry products 
and the division of livestock, meats and 
wool of the bureau, and of the Massachu- 
setts and Rhode Island Department of 
Agriculture. A similar school was held in 
Washington, in which representatives of 
the Center Market staff, the division of 
cooperative marketing, and the division of 
dairy and poultry products, of B. A. E., 
and of the Bureau of Animal Industry, 


A report just received from the Rabbit 
Experiment Station of the Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey at Fontana, Calif., says 
that in the last year the rabbit industry 
in southern California has been stimu- 
lated by the heavy demand from other 
parts of the United States for breeding 
stock. It is estimated that orders for 
approximately fifteen carloads have been 
received. A considerable industry also is 
developing in connection with the hand- 
ling of rabbit pelts. The annual return 
from the pelts of rabbits annually con- 
sumed in and around Los Angeles is ap- 
proximately $200,000. Several suburban 
communities have been built up in vari- 
ous parts of southern California on 
the basis of commercial rabbit raising. 
Progress is being made in the develop- 
ment of better market conditions as a re- 
sult of this community production, and 
indications are that in the near future 
these communities will be seeking mar- 
kets outside of California for their prod- 

In Arizona more than 42 per cent more 
acreage was freed of rodent pests in 
the last 12 months than in the previous 
year, says the leader of rodent control 
of the Bureau of Biological Survey in 
that State. During the past year 793.- 
000 acres were treated with poisoned 
bait as compared with 557.000 acres the 
previous year. More than 130.000 
pounds of poisoned bait were used in 
the last 12 months, or an increase of 32 
per cent over the previous year. These 
rodent-control operations are conducted 
by the survey in cooperation with the 
University of Arizona Agricultural Ex- 
tension Service. 

On October 14 a rare and beautiful 
sight was witnessed in the overflowed 
country around Lake Okeechobee, Fla., 
by a member of the staff of the Bureau of 
Biological Survey. In this section, 
stretching as far as the eye could see, 
thousands of American egrets and snowy 
herons were resting and feeding unmo- 
lested. No estimate could be made of the 
number, and no reason could be given for 
such vast numbers congregating in that 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Subjects 
and Dates (or Broadcast During the 
Week Beginning Monday, January 7 

Production of potatoes in the United 
States is estimated at 462,943.000 bush- 
els, the largest crop on record for this 

The noonday network radio program 
of the Department of Agriculture is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m., eastern 
standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m., cen- 
tral standard time; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m., 
mountain time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Company : KFKX. Chi- 
cago ; KDKA, Pittsburgh ; KSTP. St. 
Paul; WOW. Omaha; WDAF. Kansas 
City; KWK. St. Louis; KVOO, Tulsa: 
WOAI, San Antonio: WSM, Nashville: 
WSB, Atlanta: KOA. Denver: WMC. 
Memphis; WLW, Cincinnati; and WRC, 
Washington. Speakers and their subjects 
for next week are : 

Monday, January 7 

Tales the Dairy Markets Tell. — L. M. 
Davis, in charge of market news on dairy 
products. Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Is a Cow's Milk Production Limited by 
Her Feed Capacity? — Duncan Stuart, associ- 
ate dairy husbandman, division of dairy cattle 
breeding investigations, Bureau of Dairy 

Tuesday, January 8 

Trends in Truck Crops and Markets. — F. 
G. Robb, in charge of inspection of fruits and 
vegetables, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Cutting the Cost of Producing Potatoes. — 
Dr. William Stuart, in charge of potato in- 
vestigations, Bureau of Plant Industry. 

Wednesday, January 9 

What About the Cattle Market? — C. V. 
Whalin, in charge of the division of livestock, 
meats, and wool, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 

The Fortnight's Weather. — J. B. Kincer, 
agricultural meteorologist, Weather Bureau. 

Thursday, January 10 

What Farmers are Doing : Southern Bops 
Lead in Cotton Per Acre. — I. W. Hill, senior 
agriculturist, Office of Cooperative Extension 

What Farmers are Doing: Farmers Studu 
Their Markets. — H. W. Gilbertson, senior agri- 
culturist, Office of Cooperative Extension 

Friday, January 11 

It's Catalogue Time. — W. R. Beattie, exten- 
sion horticulturist. Bureau of Plant Industrv. 

Making the Living Room Livable. — Ruth 
Van Deman, in charge of information, Bureau 
of Home Economics. 


The pecan growers of Arizona, who 
have been carrying on a campaign 
against pocket gophers in cooperation 
with the Bureau of Biological Survey, 
held their first "Pecan Day" at Yuma 
early in November, and D. A. Gilchrist, 
the survey's leader of rodent control in 
the State, was among those who ad- 
dressed the gathering. On the average, 
six pocket gophers to the acre were 
poisoned or trapped this season. In one 
grove at Yuma the owner has harvested 
1.394 pounds of pecans to the acre and 
received 60 cents a pound for the nuts, 
totaling §836.40 an acre. His trees are 
planted 17 to the acre and are only S 
years old. The owner said he figured 
each of his trees to be worth $492, as it 
had paid 10 per cent on that valuation 
this year, and that he did not intend to 
let pocket gophers destroy such valuable 



Food, Drag, and Insecticide Administration 

Pectin Preparations Found to Be Deceptively Labeled to 
Indicate That They Were Genuine Fruit Products 

Manufacturers and dealers of flavored pectin 
products have been advised how to label their 
products in accordance with the provisions of 
the food and drugs act, in a notice issued re- 
cently by W. G. Campbell, director of regula- 
tory work, and sent by the department to the 
press. The text of the notice follows : 

" A nation-wide survey of preparations con- 
sisting of pectin, either in dry or liquid form, 
flavored with true fruit or artificial flavors, 
with or without artificial color, shows that 
many of these articles are misbranded. De- 
signs of fruit, names of fruits, and statements 
regarding fruit or fruit juice, lead purchasers 
to believe that the articles are real fruit prod- 
ucts whereas in practically all cases they con- 
tain no fruit juice but are merely fruit flavored 
or artificially flavored and artificially colored. 
No objection is made to these products because 
thev contain true fruit flavor or imitation 
fruit flavor in place of fruit or fruit juice, 
but the law requires that they, in common 
with other food products, shall bear no talse 
or misleading statements or designs. 

" These products will not make jelly as 
alleged in many instances. Jelly is recognized 
and defined as a product made from fruit 
juico and sugar only. Expressions such as 
' Jelly Powder,' ' Makes Delicious Home Made 
Jelly,' ' No Fruit Juice Required," or other 
expressions which lead the purchaser to be- 
lieve that the product will make fruit jelly or 
contains fruit juice are considered misleading. 
Additional sugar is always required in the 
making of the finished product ; therefore the 
explanatory statement 'To use with sugar 
for making imitation jelly ' should be made 
on the label. The word ' jelly ' when used as 
the name of the finished product should 
always be preceded by the adjective ' Imita- 
tion 'wherever it occurs on the labels or cir- 
culars accompanying the products. When 
acid is added to these articles which contain 
fruit or imitation fruit flavor, the added acid 
should be plainly and conspicuously declared 
on the label in close conjunction with the 
name. Artificial color, if present, should also 
be declared. If the products are labeled as 
containing fruit flavors, the flavors present 
should be derived wholly and without ma- 
terial chemical change from the fruits named 
in the labeling and a sufficient quantity of 
them should be used so that the flavor named 
can be readily identified in the finished prod- 
uct. The flavor should be mentioned in a 
specific wav as ' Strawberry Flavor ' and not 
merely ' Strawberry.' If imitation fruit 
flavors are employed in any proportion what- 
soever the flavor should not be designated as 
fruit flavor without suitable modification. It 
is usually necessary in such instances to 
designate ' the flavor' as imitation, as for in- 
stance, ' Imitation Strawberry Flavor,' all 
words being displayed with the same promi- 
nence. These products, in common with other 
food in package form, should be labeled with 
a plain and conspicuous statement of quantity 
of contents subject to the provisions of Regu- 
lation 26 in Service and Regulatory Announce- 
ments, F. D. I. The labels of these products 
should be free from any other statements not 
specifically referred to above, which may be 
false or misleading in any particular." 

gopher, and now the control of this animal 
is part of the duties of his section fore- 
men. A cooperative campaign conducted 
by the Biological Survey, employees of a 
lailroad company in Aberdeen, S. Dak., 
and the city of Aberdeen, resulted in the 
killing of more than 500 rats that had 
overrun the stockyards of the company. 


Active interest in the control of pocket 
gophers and rats was recently displayed 
by two railroad companies, one in Ne- 
braska and one in South Dakota, reports 
the Bureau of Biological Survey. Pocket 
gophers infest railroad right of ways, 
burrowing through and greatly weaken- 
ing the grades. Heavy rains or breaks 
in irrigation ditches may cause thousands 
of dollars of damage to grades where they 
become honeycombed with pocket-gopher 
runways. The roadmaster of the Bur- 
lington Railroad at Bridgeport, Nebr., 
asked a survey leader of rodent-control 
operations how to control the pocket 


Ruth O'Brien, textile chemist in charge 
of the division of textiles and clothing of 
the Bureau of Home Economics and 
chairman of the committee on simplifica- 
tion and standardization of the Ameri- 
can Home Economics Association, par- 
ticipated in a conference on sheeting 
called by the American Standards Asso- 
ciation and held in New York City 
December 14. The purpose of the con- 
ference, which was attended by repre- 
sentatives of sheeting manufacturers and 
distributors, textile experts of govern- 
mental and commercial laboratories, in- 
stitutional purchasing agencies, and 
consumer organizations, was to discuss 
the possibility of setting up quality speci- 
fications for sheeting. If the recommen- 
dations of the conference are adopted 
the consumer will be able to purchase 
sheets under definite quality standards, 
and sheets will be plainly labeled with 
information about manufacture or qual- 
ity. Some companies are already label- 
ing ready-made sheets as " torn " rather 
than cut, thus assuring the consumer that 
the sheets will hold their shape during 


In a letter to the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics the treasurer of two cot- 
ton spinning mills and a glove manufac- 
turing company in the South largely at- 
tributes the success of their cotton 
classer to the instruction received by the 
classer from Ben I. Busby, in charge of 
the market news office of the division of 
cotton marketing at Memphis, Tenn. Mr. 
Busby conducted a class in cotton grad- 
ing at Clemson College, South Carolina, 
last summer. The letter says: "He had 
no experience at all in cotton classing 
before taking this course. After his in- 
structions he has been placed in charge 
of the classing of cotton for us for our 
three mills, and with samples submitted 
to the Joint Southern Board of Arbitra- 
tors he has won about 90 to 95 per cent. 
Certainly the instructor in charge, Mr. 
B. I. Busby, is responsible for a great 
part of this success." 


The postmaster at Washington, D. C, 
calls the attention of the department to 
the fact that certain mail can be handled 
more easily if No. 1 sacks are filled only 
half full instead of full, or No. 2 sacks 
are used instead of No. 1. There is a 
rule of the Post Office Department that 
postal employees are not to load sacks 
with more than 125 pounds, because of 
the difficulty in handling them. This de- 
partment asks that its employees coop- 
erate with the Post Office Department by 
not filling a mail sack to more than 125 

Articles and Written Addresses By 

Department People in Outside 


Agricultural Economics 

Meloy, G. S. — Correlating the variables of 

cottonseed. Chemical Markets. November, 

1928. p. 488. 
Olsen, N. A. — The Bureau of Agricultural 

Economics. Canadian Countryman, Dec. 1, 

1928. p. 5. 
Sherman, C. B. — Trial balances for farmers. 

American Bankers Association Journal, 

November, 1928. p. 443. 

Animal Industry 

Buck, J. M. — Infectious abortion of dairy 
cattle ; its symptoms, prevention and eradi- 
cation. Guernsev Breeders' Jrn., v. 34, no. 
11, p. 628-631, 639. Dec. 1, 1928. 

Clawson, A. B. — Normal rectal temperatures 
of sheep. Amer. Jrn. Physiol., v. 85, no. 2, 
p. 251-270. June, 1928. 

Cram, E. B. — Note on parasites of rats (Rattus 
norvegicus and R. norvegicus albus). Jrn. 
Parasitol., v. 15, no. 1, p. 72-73. September, 

The present status of our knowledge of 

poultry parasitism. North Amer. Vet., v. 
9, no. 11, p. 43-51. November, 1928. 

Idem [Abstract]. Poultry Science, v. 

8, no. 1, p. 35-38, Nov. 1. 1928. 

Hall, M. C — [Napthaline of little promise as 
an anthelmintic]. Jrn. Parasitol.. v. 15, no. 
1, p. 72. September. 1928. 

Los parasitos del ganado en la America 

Latina. Agricultura, no. 47, 30 p. Decem- 
ber, 1928. 

World authority gives directions for 

control of liver fluke in stock. Calif. Wool 
Grower, v. 4, No. 49, p. 5. Dec. 4, 1928. 

Joxes, M. F. — Preliminary note on the life 
history of, Hymenolepis carioca. Science, v. 
68. no". 1769. p. 512-513. Nov. 23, 1928. 

Nighbert, E. M. — The occurrence of the swine 
kidney worm (Stephanurus dentatus) in the 
urinary bladder and ureters of the host 
animal. Jrn., Am. Vet. Med. assn., v. 73 
(n. s. v. 26) no. 7, p. 874-875. November, 

Dairy Industry 

Grewe, Emily and Holm, G. E. — Effect of 
variation in the method of manufacture on 
the baking quality of dry skimmilk. Cereal 
Chem., v. 5, no. 6, p. 461-469. November, 
1928. . „ 

Grewe, Emily. — Volume displacement of salt- 
sugar solutions. Cereal Chem., v. 5, no. 6, 
p. 470-472. November, 192S. 

Forest Service 

Ames, E. F. — National forest selective log- 
ging practice. The Timberman, vol. 30, no. 
1, pp. 62^1, November, 1928. 

Demmon, E. L. — What the forest fires of 1927 
did to the pines on Georgia cut-over lands. 
Naval Stores Review, vol. 38, no. 35, pp. 
14-15, December 1. 1928. 

Drake, G. L. (compiler). — Report of special 
spark arrester committee. The Timberman, 
vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 112-209, November, 

Guthrie, Jno. D. — The legend of inexhausti- 
bility. Four L Lumber News, p. 24, No- 
vember, 1928. . . 

Heritage, C. C. — Pulp and paper industry 
from the standpoint of the Forest Products 
Laboratory. West Coast Lumberman, vol. 
55, no. 651, pp. 26-28, November 15, 

Jackson, A. G. — The lure of southern Oregon. 
Wide variety of resources. Port Orford 
News, Port Orford, Oregon, October 23, 

Marsh, S. H. — Forest resources of West Vir- 
ginia deserve attention. West Virginia 
Wild Life, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 15-29, Decem- 
ber 1928. . .. 

Morse, C. B. — Selective logging in the na- 
tional forests. The Timberman, vol. 30, no. 
1, pp. 64-5, November 1928. 

Munger, T. T. — From fern to forest. The 
Timberman, vol. 30, no. 1, p. 186, November 

Slash disposal in pine operations. The 

Timberman, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 46-8, 
November 1928. 

Schafer, E. R., and Peterson, C. E. — Pulp- 
ing flax straw, 5. Paper Trade Journal, 
vol. 87, no. 16, pp. 41-6, illus., October 18, 
' 1928. 

Show, S. B. The " light burning menace to 
California forests. West Coast Lumberman, 
vol. 55, no. 651, p. 50, November 15, 1928. 

Winslow, C. P., and Heritage, C. C. — Pulp 
and paper work at Madison. Paper Mill 
and Wood Pulp News, vol. 51, no. 41, pp. 
9, 43-44, October 13, 1928. 



AMERICA (TO 1928). (Circular 40-C.) By May 
Thacher Cooke, scientific aid, division of 
biological investigations. Bureau of Biologi- 
cal Survey. 10 p., 1 pi. (colored), 1 fig. 
(map). November 1928. 
Brings up to date the information on the 
spread of the European starling given in De- 
partment Circular 336 issued in 1925. 
Traces the history of the bird's extension of 
range from introductions at New York City 
in 1890 to January 1928, when the bird was 
in everv State from the Atlantic to the Mis- 
sissippi* and from the Ottawa and St. Law- 
rence Pavers, Canada, to the Gulf of Mexico, 
with outlving records in Nova Scotia, Iowa, 
Missouri, "Kansas, and Texas. In predicting 
probable future extensions of the starling's 
range, the author says that the area of the 
Great Plains, with its scarcity of suitable 
nesting sites, will undoubtedly retard the 
westward advance, but whether it will prove 
a complete barrier can not now be foreseen. 
If the Plains are passed the Bocky Mountains 
will present another barrier, but if both are 
passed the species may be expected to extend 
its range to the Pacific. The circular also 
touches upon the economic status of the 
starling, which is treated in full in Farmers 
Bulletin 1571, recently issued. 

IDAHO. (Miscellaneous Publication 29-M.) By H. 

T. Gisborne, associate silviculturist. North- 
ern Rocky Mountain Forest Experiment 
Station, Forest Service. P. 64, il. October 

Measuring forest-fire danger so that protec- 
tion agencies can have advance warning of 
bad fire conditions and can increase or de- 
crease their protective activities in accord- 
ance with variations in fire risk, will aid in 
making fire protection effective and economi- 
cal. To make possible more accurate fore- 
casting of forest fire danger, detailed studies 
were made of the effects of rainfall, humidity, 
temperature, wind, and other weather factors 
on the inflammability of forest materials. The 
results are given in this bulletin. The most 
important natural control was found to be 
the amount of moisture in the duff. This 
moisture can be measured with a " duff hy- 
grometer." Forecasts of fire danger can be 
made at least 24 hours in advance. If the 
danger is to be predicted accurately, the mois- 
ture content of the important fuels must be 
known and the weather forecasts obtained. 

TO LIVESTOCK. (Technical Bulletin 28-T.) By C. 
Dwight Marsh, associate physiologist in 
charge of investigations of stock poisoning 
by plants ; A. B. Clawson, associate physi- 
ologist ; and G. C. Roe, junior physiologist ; 
all of the pathological division, Bureau of 
Animal Industry. P. 10, November 1928. 
Reports the results of experimental work 
on four species of plants that have been sus- 
pected of poisoning livestock. The experi- 
ments seemed to establish the fact that these 
plants are not toxic and need not be feared 
by stockmen. The plants studied were 
Wyethia amplexicaulis Nutt., (generally called 
mule ears), Apocynum ambigens, Malva parvi- 
flora, and Symphoricarpos vaccinioides (most 
commonly known as buckbush). Although 
technical in character, the bulletin is of in- 
terest to stockmen who are familiar with 
range plants, to government officials dealing 
with range problems, and to others who wish 
to increase their knowledge of range plants. 

MAIZE. (Technical Bulletin 97-T.) By C. W. 
Culpepper, associate physiologist, and C. A. 
Magoon, associate bacteriologist, office of 
horticulture, Bureau of Plant Industry. 
P. 16, figs. November 1928. 
Records the results of experiments with 
different types and varieties of corn designed 
to determine what correlation might exist 
between the specific gravity of the kernels 
and the canning quality, and whether specific- 
gravity measurements might be ustJ to ad- 
vantage in the selection of superior strains. 
Studies were made of the density of the 
developing kernels of different varieties and 
of the dry and the soaked seeds, and the 
relation of the findings to the quality of 
the canned product was determined. A fairly 
close correlation was found to exist between 
the specific gravity of the developing kernels 
and the canning quality, but the density of the 

dry seeds was found to be unreliable as index 
of quality. 

THE YELLOW DAY LILIES. (Circular 42-C.) By B. 

Y. Morrison, senior horticulturist, office of 

horticulture, Bureau of Plant Industry. 

P. 14. Figs. 4, November 1928. 

Brings to the attention of amateur garden- 
ers a rather neglected group of perennial 
plants of great value in the home flower gar- 
den. Enumerates and describes the species 
available and many of the garden hybrids 
which are more or less available, and suggests 
that many new hybrids are to appear in the 
near future. Cultural directions, color notes, 
and planting suggestions based upon the 
writer's experience are given, and suggestions 
are made as to a choice of varieties for be- 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C, has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon 
request. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the de- 
partment's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 



Fischer, Jos. Die tiefkultur. Miinchen, Dat- 
terer 1926. (Weihenstephaner schnften- 
sammlung fur praktische landwirtschaft. 

Gock'el Anton. Die landwirtschaft in den 
prarieprovinzen West-Kanadas. Berlin, 
Parey, 1928. 


Bel, P. A. Etudes sur la peste porcine ex- 

perimentale. Lyon, A. Rey, 1926. 
Muratori. Mario. Le razze bovine del veneto. 

Padova, Penada, 1920. . 

New Zealand Friesian association. Fnesian 

dairy breed in New Zealand. Wellington, 
• 1927. 
Plantureux. Edmond. Recherches sur la rage. 

Alger, " La Typo-litho ", 1926. 
Thivet, Jacques. Amelioration de 1 effort 

musculaire et nerveux du cheval par l'en- 

trainement. Paris, Faculte de medecme, 

Wulf, Arthur. Die rassebeschreibung der 

biihner. Leipzig, R. Freese, 1927. 

Prewett, F. J. A survey of milk marketing 
based on conditions in Wiltshire and Som- 
erset and the city of Bristol. Oxford, 
Clarendon press, 1928. 

Renaux, Paul. Manuel pratique de laitene- 
beurrerie. Paris, Bailliere, 1928. 


Nostitz, Arnold, and Weigert, J. Die -kiins- 
liche diingemittel. Stuttgart, Enke, 1928. 


Bellair, G. A. Decorations et mosaiques flo- 
rales. Paris, Librairie agricole de la Mai- 
son rustique, 1928. 

International congress of the European nfe- 
dicinal herb interest. 2d, Budapest, 1928. 
[Papers.] Budapest, 1928. 


Tourney, J. W. Foundations of sylviculture 
upon an ecological basis. New York, Wiley, 

Tourney, J. W. The testing of coniferous 
tree seeds at the School of forestry, Yale 
university, 1906-1928. New Haven, 1928. 
(Yale university. School of forestry. Bul- 
letin no. 21.) 


Joint committee on recreational survey of 
Federal lands. Recreation resources of Fed- 
eral lands ; report to the National conference 
on outdoor recreation. Washington, 1928. 


Ehrenfels, J. M. Die bienenzucht. Ed. 3. 
Freiburg i. Br., Fischer, 1922. 

Minnesota. University. Institute of child 
welfare. Child care and training, a read- 
ing course for parents. Minneapolis, 1928. 


Brown, C. M., and Haley, A. H. The teach- 
ing of home economics. Boston, Houghton 
Mifflin, 1928. 


Pennsylvania joint committee on rural electri- 
fication. Rural electrification in Pennsyl- 
vania. Harrisburg, 1928. 


Thomas, P. E. Cork insulation. Chicago, 
Nickerson & Collins, 1928. 

Union of Socialist Soviet Republics. Naro- 
dnyi komissariat vneshnel i vnutrennei 
torgovli. L'elat actuel et les perspectives 
de l'industrie frigorifique en l'URSS. Mos- 
cou, Commissariats de commerce du peuple 
de l'URSS et de la RSFSR, 1928. 


Puget, Paul. Cuirs et peaux. Ed. 2. Paris, 
Bailliere, 1921. 


Treadwell, F. P. Analytical chemistry, v. 
1, Ed. 6; v. 2, Ed. 7. New York, Wiley, 


Henrici. A. T. Morphologic variation and 
the rate of growth of bacteria. Spring- 
field, 111., C. C. Thomas, 1928. 


Beckwith, M. W. Notes on Jamaican ethno- 
botany. Poughkeepsie, Vassar college, 1927. 

Lind, J. V. A. The micromycetes of Svalbard. 
Oslo, 1928. (Norges Svalbard-og Ishavsun- 
ders0kelser. Skrifter om Svalbard og 
Ishavet. no. 13) 

Schaffner, J. H. Field manual of the flora 
of Ohio. Columbus, R. G. Adams, 1928. 


Bowman, Isaiah. The new world, problems in 
political geography. Ed. 4. Yonkers-on- 
Hudson, World book co., 1928. 

Brunner, E. deS. The church and the agri- 
cultural crisis. Boston, Pilgrim press, 

Graftiau, Firmin. L'aetivite' des organismes 
nationaux pour l'embellissement de la vie 
rurale. Louvain. F. Ceuterick. 1928. 

Harden, J. W. Alamance Countv : economic 
and social. Chapel Hill. 1928. (North 
Carolina. University. University extension 
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Harriman, N. F. Principles of scientific pur- 
chasing. New York. McGraw-Hill, 1928. 

Hoyt, E. E. The consumption of wealth. 
New York, Macmillan. 1928. 

Latvia. Ministry of finance. The Latvian 
economist, conip. by J. Bokalders. Riga, 

McKay, A. W., and Lane, C. H. Practical 
cooperative marketing. New York, Wiley, 

Pellervo seura. Betriebsstatistische unter- 
suchungen iiber die molkerei-, kredit- und- 
konsumgenossenschaftcii in Finland, 1903_ 
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Ricci, Umberto. Le Service de la statistique 
g6n£rale. Rome. Institut international 
d'agriculture, 1921. 

Sieuw, B. Lettlands sozialpolltik. Rica. 
Gedruckt in der Mullerschen buchdruckerei, 

Solmssen, Georg. Die lage der landwirtschaft 
und ihre bedeutung fiir das bankgewerbe. 
Berlin, Parey, 1928. 


Brown Z. M. The library key. New York, 
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Hutchins, Margaret. Guide to the use of li- 
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United States catalog: books in print Jan. 1, 
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(Continued from page 1) 

very little, on the average. In both of 
these sections values taken generally 
have been relatively stable during the 
last three years, although occasional 
slight declines took place. A third sec- 
tion in which the downward trend of 
values was apparently halted includes 
the eight States of the West ordinarily 
designated as the Mountain group. In 
this division, the survey indicated val- 
ues to be exhibiting a trend now reason- 
ably stable. 

Data on foreclosures and related losses 
of title through default averaged for the 
country as a whole indicated a slight 
decline to have taken place during the 
year ended March 15, 1928. From a rate 
of 23.3 farms per thousand recorded in 
the 12-month period ended March 15, 
1927, * the volume of " forced " transac- 
tions dropped to 22.8 farms per thousand. 
Notable decreases were shown in the 
"Mountain States, particularly in Mon- 
tana and in the Dakotas, where the loss 
rates in recent years have been the high- 
est in the country, having reached fig- 
ures of 5 and 6 per cent of all farms in 
the latter three States. Most of the New 
England States likewise have shown a 
moderate decline in the forced sale clas- 
sification during the 1 last three survey 
periods, the bureau finds. Frequent in- 
creases, however, took place in the re- 
maining States during the 1927-28 sur- 
vey period, the marked decreases in the 
highest loss-rate States having been off- 
set by a larger number of small increases 

Voluntary sales have decreased. The 
downward drift has been rather general. 
Outstanding exceptions to the trend were 
found in Montana, Wyoming, and the 
Dakotas. Buyers in such sales were 
mostly local active farmers buying for 
personal or family operation. 

The farm tax burden continues to be a 
heavy charge upon land ownership, taxes 
on farm real estate having risen still 
further during 1927 to reach a figure 158 
per cent higher than before the war. 
The 1926 farm tax level is estimated by 
the bureau to have been 153 per cent 
above pre-war and the 1 1925 level 150 per 
cent above. Although the recent trend 
does not show the sharp upward rate 
characteristic of the years immediately 
following the close of the war, the con- 
tinuing recent increases are not reas- 
suring to owners of American farm prop- 
erty and immediate relief may be difficult 
to obtain. 

A review of the credit situation as it 
affects farm real estate presents con- 
trasting aspects, the bureau finds. First- 
mortgage money on the 1 whole continued 
in good supply with interest rates gen- 
erally favorable. Terms offered by own- 
ers to move farms in the present mar- 
ket were frequently found to be attrac- 
tive. On the other hand, the recent 
tightening in the money markets, accord- 
ing to the report, may be reflected in 
slightly higher farm mortgage interest 
rates later. A tendency for the major 
sources of farm mortgage credit other 
than former owners' to place their money 
with greater scrutiny of risks than for- 
merly, was in evidence frequently. 

On the whole the farm-lands market 
continued to be comparatively inactive 
during the year, with buyers few and 
cautious although here and there a fair 
degree of local activity was shown. 

Farm real estate: Average value per acre as of March 1, 
1928, 1926, and 1920, in percentage of the pre-war aver- 

[Average value in 1912-1914=100 per cent] 

State and division 











New England 










Middle Atlantic 












South Carolina 





South Atlantic 





Ohio - 









East North Central. _. 













Missouri - 


North Dakota .. 




West North Central.. 









Tennessee. . . 



Mississippi _ _ . _ 


East South Central 













West South Central. __ 









Wyoming .. 



New Mexico 







Idaho -. 


Mountain States 











Pacific States 











David T. Herrman, for five years county 
agent in Auglaize County, Ohio, and for two 
years prior to that swine specialist of the ex- 
tension service of Clemson College, the agri- 
cultural and mechanical college of South 
Carolina, has been appointed secretary to R. 
W. Dunlap. Assistant Secretary of the De- 
partment of Agriculture. Appointment was 
effective December 6. He is a native of Ohio, 
and a graduate of the college of agriculture 
of Ohio State University, class of 1921. 



(Continued from page 1) 

tions are national technical societies, 
trade associations, and seven departments 
of the United States Government. 

The American Standards Association — 
which was until recent reorganization the 
American Engineering Standards Com- 
mittee — has been serving for 10 years in 
the standardization movement. Until 
about a year ago its work was limited 
almost entirely to standards in industry. 
More than 200 technical committees, com- 
posed of about 2,100 engineers, scientists. 
and other specialists of the various in- 
dustries, have, under the association's 
auspices, been working on the establish- 
ment of standards for the mechanical, 
electrical, building construction, metal- 
lurgical, and other major industries. 


Charles L. Redding, United States at- 
torney for the southern district of Geor- 
gia, has commended officials and em- 
ployees of the Bureau of Animal Industry 
for their diligence in connection with 
convictions and sentences growing out of 
an opposition to the work of eradicating 
cattle ticks in Echols County, Ga. For 
violently interfering with tick-eradica- 
tion work, eight men were sentenced to 
imprisonment and some were fined. Mr. 
Redding says the following in a letter to 
the department : 

" The active cooperation of agents, offi- 
cials, and former officials of the Bureau 
of Animal Industry is really responsible 
for the successful prosecution of these 
cases. They spared neither time nor 
effort, they were on the go night and day 
locating and interviewing witnesses. 
Never have I had more wonderful coop- 
eration or seen a more splendid spirit of 

The men cited are Dr. F. W. Cole, 
inspector in charge, Florida and Georgia ; 
Dr. T. H. Applewhite, veterinary inspec- 
tor, Florida and Georgia ; R. B. Thomp- 
son, agent, tick eradication, Georgia, and 
R. W. Wright, agent, tick eradication, 
Georgia, of the bureau ; and Dr. S. J. 
Home, formerly inspector in charge, 
Georgia and Florida, and R. S. English, 
formerly agent, tick eradication, Georgia. 
Former State Veterinarian P. F. Bahnsen 
and Dr. J. M. Sutton, present State vet- 
erinarian, of Georgia, also were com- 
mended by Mr. Redding for valuable as- 

In September, Lawrence Cheney, a 
hunter on the Rock Springs Grazing 
Association pay roll under the supervision 
of the Bureau of Biological Survey, broke 
all known Wyoming records in the killing 
of wild animals that prey upon range 
livestock, domestic animals, and poultry. 
He took 71 coyotes and 4 bobcats in the 

The Official Record has a "Questions and 
Answers " department which runs under that 
heading. Questions of sufficient general inter- 
est to the people of the department as a whole 
will be answered therein if sent to the editor. 



Iowan Appointed Chief of B. A. £. 
Division of Management and Costs 

The appointment of Clarence L. 
Holmes, of Iowa, as principal agricul- 
tural economist in charge of the Division 
of Farm Management and Costs, Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics, effective 
March 1, is announced by Nils A. Olsen, 
chief of the bureau. Mr. Holmes will 
supervise the planning, development, and 
conduct of the bureaus investigational 
and research work in the study of eco- 
nomic problems of management and op- 
eration of farms, and will have charge 
of the bureau's contacts with State col- 
leges and other cooperating agencies in 
farm management research. 

From August, 1917, to September, 1919, 
Mr. Holmes was employed in the Office 
of Farm Management, United States De- 
partment of Agriculture, as assistant in 
agricultural economics. For the next 
two years he was assistant professor of 
agricultural economics in the University 
of Minnesota, and from July. 1921. to 
September, 1923, was assistant chief of 
the agricultural economics section of 
Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station 
and associate professor of agricultural 
economics in Iowa State College. Since 
September, 1923, he has been chief of the 
agricultural-economics section of the 
Iowa station and professor of agricul- 
tural economics in Iowa State College, in 
charge of the undergraduate curriculum 
in agricultural economics, of graduate 
work" in that field, and of the research 
program in agricultural economics of the 
experiment station. 

He has made special studies of types 
of farming and of farm organization and 
management in Iowa, and has conducted 
research in land economics in Iowa, par- 
ticularly with reference to tenancy in its 
relation to types of farming. 

He has written a number of publica- 
tions on farm management and farm eco- 
nomic problems, which have been pub- 
lished by private book printing concerns. 

Mr. Holmes was born at Lansing, Iowa, 
in 1879. He was raised on a farm in 
South Dakota and was engaged in farm 
work until he entered Yankton College 
Academy in 1899. He was graduated 
from this academy in 1901. He received 
the A B. degree from the University of 
Michigan in 1907, and the Ph.D from the 
University of Wisconsin in 1920. 

Organization of a special field staff to 
visit the 17 negro land-grant colleges of 
the United States, as a part of the pro- 
gram of the land-grant college survey 
now being conducted by the Bureau of 
Education, is announced by the Depart- 
ment of the Interior. The field staff con- 
sists of the following six leading negro 
educators: President John W. Davis. 
West Virginia Collegiate Institute, In- 
stitute, W. Va. ; President John M. 
Gaudy, Virginia Normal and Industrial 
Institute, Petersburg, Va. ; President J. 
S. Clark, Southern University, Baton 
Rouge, La.; Principal W. R. Banks. 
Prairie View State Normal and Indus- 
trial College, Prairie View, Tex.; Presi- 
dent Benjamin F. Hubert, Georgia State 
Industrial College, Savannah. Ga. ; and 
President R. S. Grossley, State College 

for Colored Youth, Dover, Del. Members 
of the staff have been in Washington re- 
viewing schedules and plans for the in- 
quiry into the functions, services, and 
organizations of the negro land-grant 
colleges. Each has been assigned one or 
two institutions which he will visit. 


In the spring of 1927 the game com- 
mission of Yakima County. Wash., es- 
tablished a bounty on various creatures 
supposed to be destructive to useful birds, 
especially upland game birds. The stom- 
achs of 121 hawks and owls killed in the 
county and presented for bounty were 
forwarded to the Bureau of Biological 
Survey for study. Examination by the 
bureau disclosed that all the birds had 
been preying chiefly upon ground squir- 
rels, rabbits, and mice — species so de- 
structive in the Western States that the 
Federal and State governments have been 
cooperating for years in campaigns to 
control them. As a result of the dis- 
covery that hawks and owls are really 
a protection rather than a menace to 
useful species, bounties are no longer 
paid oil them in Yakima County. 


For the fourth year in succession the 
California Fruit Growers Exchange, Los 
Angeles, has set new high records for 
sale of citrus fruits, says information re- 
ported to the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics. On f. o. b. California basis, 
the returns to exchange members for the 
1924-25 season were $70,236,507. which 
vsas about §11.000.000 more than the 
highest previous season. The f. o. b. 
California returns to exchange members 
for the 1927-28 season were $96,582,408. 
This latter figure is the largest figure of 
its kind ever reported to the bureau by 
any cooperative in the country. 

The great emergency created by the 
Mississippi flood made it necessary for 
extension workers of the flooded areas 
to apply all their available resources in 
rehabilitating the flooded farms for a 
time. Regular extension programs were 
temporarily laid aside and the energies 
of the entire extension staffs of the 
flood area, especially those in Arkansas, 
Louisiana, and Mississippi, were devoted 
to emergency work. Similar emergency 
service was rendered by extension agents 
in Vermont after the flood which devas- 
tataed parts of that State in November. 

Mildred B. Porter, associate physicist 
connected with the household refrigera- 
tion experiments conducted cooperatively 
by the Bureau of Home Economics and 
manufacturers of mechanical refrigera- 
tors and of ice, attended a recent meeting 
in New York City of the subcommittee 
of the American Standards Association 
on the testing of household refrigerators. 
Methods of testing the efficiency of refrig- 
erators were discussed, but no definite 
procedure was adopted. Miss Porter is 
secretary of this subcommittee and also 
of the sectional committee on standardi- 
zation of refrigerators. 

Marketing Officials Consider 

Chain Store's Effect on Farmer 

Twenty-seven States were represented 
at the tenth annual meeting of the Na- 
tional Association of Marketing Officials, 
held in Chicago December 3-5. The ses- 
sions were attended by people of the 
State and Federal Governments con- 
cerned with marketing and economic re- 
search and by producers and shippers of 
produce and dealers in produce. The dis- 
cussion developed that there is great need 
for the application of the results of eco- 
nomic research in production and mar- 
keting. The progress made in standard- 
ization of farm products and in the ex- 
pansion of the market-news services was 
brought out. The conferees were agreed 
upon the need for the closest cooperation 
among research and marketing agents in 
helping the farmer to adjust his produc- 
tion to his market. The growth of chain- 
store merchandizing and the effect of the 
chain store upon the agricultural pro- 
ducer were subjects of special interest. 

The total personnel of the extension 
service numbered 4.297 on June 30. 1928. 
Of this total. 4.120 people were in the 
field force and 177 in the Washington 
office of the service. Of the 4.120 in the 
field. 4,105 were employed by the State 
agricultural colleges and the department 
cooperatively. The cooperative field force 
included 3 675 extension agents located 
in the counties. Of this number, 2.318 
were in county-agent work, 941 in home 
demonstration work. 145 in boys' and 
girls' club work, and 271 in negro ex- 
tension work. The county extension 
agents were helped by 804 full-time and 
200 part-time subject-matter specialists 
stationed at the State agricultural 

In 1927 volunteer local leaders to the 
number of 243.247 served as demonstra- 
tors and otherwise aided the extension 
agents in the promotion of extension 
work, says Dr. C. W. Warburton. direc- 
tor of extension work, in his annual re- 
port to the Secretary. Of these local 
volunteers, he says, 1S3.065 of them 
worked with adults and 60.1S2 with the 
boys and girls of the 4-H clubs. 



At the annual election meeting of 102S. the 
Chicago United States Department of Agricul- 
ture Club elected the following officers for the 
vear 1029 : L. A. Fitz. Grain Futures Adminis- 
tration, president : Vernon Foster, Packers and 
Stockyards Administration, vice president : and 
F. C. Heiss, Federal Grain Supervision, secre- 

Dr. A. J. Pieters. senior agronomist of 
the office of forage crops, Bureau of Plant 
Industry; and Dr. C. F. Marbut. soil 
scientist in charge of the Soil Survey, 
and Dr. Oswald Schreiner. biochemist in 
charge of soil fertility investigations, 
Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, were 
made fellows of the American Society of 
Agronomy at the time of the society's 
recent meeling in Washington. 


United States 


of Agriculture 

Cebttficate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, January 10, 1929 

No. 2 


Will Be Violation of Law to Make, Sell, 

or Offer for Sale Containers 

Not Approved 

Growers who use baskets which are 
illegal under the standard container act 
of 1928 should dispose of such baskets 
prior to November 1, 1929, says the de- 
partment in information sent to the press 
in connection with the issuance of regu- 
lations covering administration of the 

The act applies to baskets in both in- 
trastate and interstate commerce. Grow- 
ers have been advised by the department, 
through the press, to regulate their pur- 
chases so that all nonstandard baskets 
will be disposed of before November 1, 

Another effect of the law, in the opin- 
ion of the Solicitor of the department, is 
to make inoperative all State laws fixing 
weights per bushel for fruits and vege- 
tables, when such commodities are sold 
in baskets meeting its requirements. 
This means that no State law which is in 
any way in conflict with the Federal act, 
either in the matter of prescribed weights 
or dimension specifications, can be en- 
forced as to fruits and vegetables sold 
in hampers and baskets which comply 
with that act. 

The standard container act of 1928, 
passed during the last session of Con- 
gress, fixes standards for hampers, round 
stave baskets, and splint baskets for 
fruits and vegetables, and for other pur- 
poses. Administration of the law is in 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 
which bureau is also administering the 
act of 1916 to fix standards for Climax 
baskets for grapes and other fruits and 
vegetables, and to fix standards for bas- 
kets and other containers for small fruits, 
berries, and vegetables, and for other pur- 

The new legislation defines standard 
hampers and round stave baskets for 
fruits and vegetables to be of the follow- 
ing capacities : One-eighth bushel, one- 
fourth bushel, 1% bushels, 1% bushels, 
and 2 bushels. For the purposes of the 
act, a bushel, standard dry measure, has 
a capacity of 2.150.42 cubic inches. 

Standard splint baskets for fruits and 
vegetables, under the act, shall be the 4- 
quart basket, 8-quart basket, 12-quart 
basket, 16-quart basket, 24-quart basket, 
and 32-quart basket, standard dry meas- 
ure, a quart standard dry measure hav- 
ing a capacity of 67.2 cubic inches. 

The legislation requires that " no 
manufacturer shall manufacture ham- 
(Continued on page 5) 
28663°— 29 

1 D 

jl, f 

jr^jp- ; 



Who has been appointed secretary to the As- 
sistant Secretary of Agriculture, R. W. Dunlap. 
For five years he was county agent of Auglaize 
County, Ohio, and for two years prior to that 
was swine specialist of the extension service of 
Clemson College, South Carolina. He is a na- 
tive of Ohio, and a graduate in agriculture of 
Ohio State University. 


Representatives of Dominion of Canada, 

United States, and States Hold 

Annual Conference 

More than 70 representatives of the 
States which are infested by the Euro- 
pean corn borer, and other people from 
the Corn Belt who are interested in the 
control of the borer, attended the third 
annual Corn Borer Research Conference, 
held in Washington January 2. Dr. 
A. F. Woods, director of scientific work 
of the department, chairman of the con- 
ference, and who has been chairman of 
the previous conferences, opened the con- 
ference with an address outlining the 
purpose of the meeting and urging the 
freest kind of discussion of the many 
angles of the corn-borer problem. 

The control and research programs of 
the departments of agriculture of the Do- 
minion of Canada, of the Province of 
Ontario, of the United States Federal 
Government, and of the various cooperat- 
ing States of the United States were 
outlined, and the results obtained in the 
last year were cited, and the significant 
(Continued: on page 7) 


Declares It Good Business and Good 
Statesmanship to Help Agricul- 
ture to Strong Solidarity 

In taking stock of the year 1928 in 
agriculture, Secretary Jardine empha- 
sized, in a radio address delivered at the 
end of the year, that when one tries to 
estimate the present condition of agricul- 
ture he should consider not only the 
ground to be won but also the resistance 
that already has been overcome. Judged 
by this standard, he said progress since 
1921 has been highly to the credit of 
those most responsible, the farmers them- 

However, the Secretary said he did not 
believe the remedy for agricultural con- 
ditions lies wholly in the hands of farm- 
ers. According credit for their efforts, 
and also to Government interest as indi- 
cated by more than 20 favorable laws 
passed during the period of depression, 
he said that the agricultural industry, 
with its six and a half million units, is 
not in a good position to take advantage 
of the laws already passed or laws that 
will be put on the statute books for their 
benefit. " We need to so organize agri- 
culture that it can act quickly and intelli- 
gently as a group. We don't want farm- 
ers in different sections working at cross 
purposes. It is good business for farmers 
and good statesmanship for Government 
to achieve for agriculture the same soli- 
darity in organization that business 
already enjoys," he said. 

"The events of 1928 remind us that 
fortunes ebb and flow in the various 
branches of farming. The cattle and 
sheep sections of the West once more 
have enjoyed a good year. The Cotton 
Belt has done fairly well. The dairy in- 
dustry has done well. Poultry raisers 
made money. Potato growers and many 
wheat growers passed through a trying 
business year. Returns from hay and 
tobacco will be lower than last year. In 
each instance different circumstances 
brought about the year's result." 

" It appears," the Secretary said, " that 
agriculture's gross income for the crop 
year will be slightly higher than last, and 
that the net income will exceed that of 
last year by more than one would con- 
clude from a study of the gross income 
figures alone. Prices of some of the prin- 
cipal supplies used in farm production 
were about the same in the two years, 
but many farmers economized on these 
items. By greater efficiency, farmers 
saved more labor, got more out of feed- 
stuffs, and did away with certain wastes 
(Continued on page S) 



Supplements History of Agricultural 

Education in the United States, 

Both by A. C. True 

A History of Agricultural Extension 
Work in the United States. 1785-1923, by 
Alfred Charles True, specialist in States- 
relations work, has been issued by the 
department as Miscellaneous Publication 
No. 15-M. This monograph is supplemen- 
tary to A History of Agricultural Edu- 
cation in the United States, by the same 
author, now in press. In 218 pages the 
progress of agricultural extension work is 
described from its beginnings in the early 
agricultural societies and State boards of 
agriculture to its large nation-wide de- 
velopment under the Smith-Lever Act. 

The history of the farmers' institutes 
is followed from their origin in Kansas 
in 1868 through their development on a 
broad scale with State funds and Fed- 
eral assistance from 1880 to 1915, when 
they began to be overshadowed by the 
cooperative extension work under the 
Smith-Lever Act. An account of consid- 
erable extension work by the agricultural 
colleges prior to 1914 is given and its re- 
lations to university extension and the 
Chautauqua movement are discussed, as 
well as the development and great suc- 
cess of the farmers' cooperative demon- 
stration work in the South under Seaman 
A. Knapp. 

The extentsion work of the Office of 
Farm Management in the Northern and 
Western States is shown in its relation 
to the beginning of county-agent work 
there. Credit is given to private agencies, 
particularly the Crop Improvement Com- 
mittee of Chicago and local chambers of 
commerce, for stimulating the early em- 
ployment of county agricultural agents 
in the North. With a view to showing 
the varied auspices under which county- 
agent work was begun in the Northern 
and Western States, its early develop- 
ment is treated for each of 20 States. 

The movement which led to the Smith- 
Lever Act, and the legislative history of 
that act, are described. There is also an 
account of the organization in the De- 
partment of Agriculture of the Federal 
agencies for conducting the administra- 
tive and cooperative work called for by 
that act, including the States Relations 
Service and its two offices of cooperative 
extension work. The different features 
of the broad system of popular education 
for farming people developed under the 
Smith-Lever Act are distinctly brought 

The operation of this system in special 
ways while the United States was in 
the World War and , the relation of 
the extension agencies to the National 
and State councils of defense, the food 
administration, the liberty loans, and the 
Red Cross, are treated as interesting 
phases of patriotic endeavor in a great 
national crisis. 

The work of the extension forces in 
promoting the organization of the county 
farm bureaus and their later relations 
to the bureaus and to their State and 
National federations are other features 
of this history. Much space Ls given to 
accounts of the home-demonstration work 

and the boys' and girls' clubs. Extension 
work among negroes in the South is also 
described. A bibliography with 284 en- 
tries concludes the publication. 


One of the outstanding achievements 
of a number of the cooperatives on the 
west coast is the invention, patenting, 
and installation of machinery which 
greatly reduces grading and processing 
costs, says C. G. Randell, senior econo- 
mist of the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics. He says that the cooperatives in 
many cases have substituted machine 
labor for hand labor which has given a 
decided business advantage over small 
independent organizations. Mr. Randell 
was in the West several weeks recently 
making a study of the operating practices 
and policies of marketing associations. 
He addressed the annual meeting of the 
Western Cattle Marketing Association at 
San Francisco December 7 on " What 
Large-Scale Business Operation has Done 
for Industry in Agriculture." Four hun- 
dred cattlemen from five States attended 
the meeting. Mr. Randell worked with 
various other cooperative associations 
and says they all had substantial in- 
creases in business the last year. He 
says the cattlemen on the west coast are 
more conservative than most producers; 
that they are much encouraged over pres- 
ent prices, yet heeding past experiences, 
they are not planning to end their pros- 
perity by creating an immediate surplus. 
Returning east Mr. Randell talked at a 
cooperative school at Casper, Wyo., De- 
cember 17, on developments and trends in 
cooperative marketing. Representatives 
of cooperative organizations, college and 
extension people, and a number of indi- 
vidual ranchmen were at the school. 

The farmers' elevator movement has 
passed its peak of rapid expansion and 
the number of associations remains about 
constant, says the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. There are now com- 
paratively few surplus grain-producing 
communities that are not served by farm- 
ers' elevators. The bureau now has 
3,526 local farmers' elevator associations 
on its list, and it estimates that there 
are about 4,000 associations operating. 
On the basis of information in possession 
of the bureau, the greatest activity in 
the Pacific area occurred in 1909, in the 
spring-wheat area in 1916, in the Corn 
Belt in 1919, and in the winter-wheat 
and soft-wheat areas in 1920. 

New National-Forest District 

Is Established in Lake States 

During its recent annual meetings in 
New York the American Chemical So- 
ciety issued a statement emphasizing the 
importance of synthetic organic chem- 
istry in the growth of American industry- 
Listing industries which depend upon 
synthetic organic chemistry, the state- 
ment mentioned pyroxylin lacquers, 
which are used in finishing automobiles; 
pyroxlyin plastics; rayon; synthetic 
resins used in varnishes; insulating ma- 
terials; articles of personal adornment; 
flotation agents used in treating ores; 
pharmaceutical antiseptics and antes- 
thetics and other pharmaceutical prod- 
ucts; dyes; and explosives. 

Creation of a new national forest dis- 
trict to embrace the States of Minnesota, 
Wisconsin, and Michigan has been ap- 
proved by Secretary Jardine. 

The new district, to be known as Na- 
tional Forest District No. 9, already con- 
tains 10 national forest units, with a 
total of nearly 1,200,000 acres of Govern- 
ment land. In recognition of the acute 
need which exists in this region for the 
reclamation of large areas of land 
adapted to timber production but at pres- 
ent denuded and unproductive, the Na- 
tional Forest Reservation Commission 
has approved a program contemplating 
eventual acquisition of an additional two 
and one-half million acres of land in the 
three States. The purchase program will 
involve the expenditure of more than 
$6,000,000 of Federal funds. 

The Lake States were formerly included 
in National Forest District No. 2, with 
headquarters at Denver. Colo. The pro- 
posed extension of publicly owned forest 
lands, and the possibilities for develop- 
ment of forest resources represented by 
the vast acreage of privately owned forest 
lands in the region, have made more 
direct supervision desirable. 

Secretary Jardine announces the ap- 
pointment of Earl W. Tinker as district 
forester in charge of the new district. 
Mr. Tinker took up his duties January 2, 
establishing temporary district headquar- 
ters at Madison, Wis. As assistant dis- 
trict forester of district 2, Mr. Tinker 
has supervised the land exchange and 
acquisition work of the Forest Service in 
the Lake States for the last several years. 
He is a native of Michigan and a grad- 
uate of the Michigan State College of 
Forestry. Following a year of graduate 
work in the Yale Forest School, he was 
employed in forestry work by the Ca- 
nadian Pacific Railway. In the United 
States Forest Service he has served as 
supervisor of two national forests, as as- 
sistant chief of the office of forest_ man- 
agement, and recently as assistant district 
forester in charge of the office of lands 
in district 2. 


What is believed by many authorities 
to be the most scientific plan of system- 
atic highway improvement yet developed 
for the environs of a large city is de- 
scribed in detail in a report just pub- 
lished by the county commissioners of 
Cuvahoga County, Ohio, in cooperation 
with the Bureau of Public Roads of this 
department. Based on a traffic survey, 
conducted by the commissioners and by 
the bureau, the 10-year plan of improve- 
ment of highways in Cleveland and its 
tributary area in Cuyahoga and adjoin- 
ing counties includes the construction of 
new through routes to join disconnected 
sections of present highways. It also in- 
cludes the development of belt highways 
around the city, the widening of many 
present routes, the construction of a via- 
duct over an industrial section to pro- 
vide a direct approach from the south to 
the center of Cleveland, the construction 
of several bridges over the river valleys 
which have heretofore imposed serious 


obstructions to direct traffic flow, and 
other extensive changes. The cost of the 
improvement is estimated at $63,000,000. 
A mass of data was produced by the sur- 
vey concerning the average and maximum 
density of traffic on all important high- 
ways, the origin and destination of traffic, 
the most direct routes for larger traffic 
movements, and the causes of habitual 
departure from such routes where it was 
found that the movement was not follow- 
ing the direct route. It also shows the 
habitual speed of traffic and conditions 
influencing speed and causing congestion, 
such as grade crossings, street-car tracks 
and loading platforms and traffic lights; 
the convergence of heavily traveled high- 
ways ; the width of pavement required to 
accommodate various traffic densities ; the 
possibility of establishing new routes 
which would relieve congestion on pres- 
ent routes and which would provide more 
direct communication between various 


Some new and definite conclusions on 
how to feed soy beans and other so- 
called softening feeds to hogs to produce 
firm intead of soft pork have been for- 
mulated as a result of the last year's 
studies of the soft-pork problem conducted 
by the department in cooperation with 
13 State experiment stations. Factors 
found to have an important bearing on 
the results of feeding softening feeds and 
which must be considered in attempts to 
produce firm carcasses from such feeds, 
are the weight of the pigs at the begin- 
ning of the feeding period, the daily rate 
of gain, the length of the feeding period, 
and the proportion of hardening to soft- 
ening feeds used in the ration. Feeding 
soy beans and corn hogged down has 
been found to produce firm carcasses in 
70 per cent of the cases, when the pigs 
weighed 125 pounds or more when started 
on the feed and made an average gain 
of iy 2 pounds daily for at least 8 weeks. 
On the other hand, when under the same 
conditions the daily rate of gain was but 
1.4 pounds or less, firm carcasses were 
produced in only about 50 per cent of the 
cases. The most rapid gains were made 
in the tests when minerals were self-fed 
with the corn and beans. 

Under the cooperative marketing act 
of July 2, 1926, the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics has been aiding farm- 
ers' cooperative associations in solving 
problems of organization, management, 
sales policy, financing, and membership. 
Information on market requirements, 
present and prospective demand and 
prices, production trends in competing 
regions, production costs, and methods 
and practices, is furnished to the organ- 
izations by the bureau. 

In writing manuscript for publication 
writers should be specific and definite. 
The matter of just what years are covered 
in a period of time is a case in point. 
For example, a writer says " in the 5-year 
period from 1922 to 1927." From 1922 
to 1927 does not include either of these 
years, and the intervening time is only 
four years. It would be definite to say 
"in the 5-year period 1923-1927." 


Enforcement Officer ef Biological Survey, Himself Armed and Covered at Close Range by 
Three Guns in Hands of Four Men, Gets His Men Without a Shot 

Among the Christmas greetings re- 
ceived by Kenneth F. Roahen, game pro- 
tector of the Bureau of Biological Sur- 
vey, stationed at Peoria, 111., was a let- 
ter from Secretary Jardine commending 
his courageous action early in December 
in arresting two violators of Federal 
game laws, who, with two others, held 
guns on him for several minutes while 
he was attempting to apprehend them. 
The Secretary wrote as follows : 

The chief of the Bureau of Biological Sur- 
vey has informed me of the incident in which 
you were involved on December 6, when in 
carrying out your enforcement work you en- 
countered four violators of the migratory bird 
treaty act, who held their guns on you for a 
considerable period while you were attempting 
to arrest them. The fact that you finally ar- 
rested two of the men while still covered by 
the gun of one of the violators speaks much 
for your coolness and tact in a very danger- 
ous situation. I am glad to know also that 
you deliberately held your hand from killing 
one of the violators when your own life was 
in jeopardy. I understand this was not the 
first time your life has been threatened. 

I want to take the opportunity presented to 
commend you highly for your behavior under 
these exasperating and dangerous circum- 
stances and to assure you of my admiration 
for the courage shown by you. 

Mr. Roahen's report on the matter was 
in modest terms, beginning — " I had a 
very close call, and you came about as 
close to having a vacancy in Illinois as 
could be." 

He had been patrolling about a week 
for two men who were shooting ducks 
from a motor boat, which is in violation 
of the migratory bird treaty act. When 
he rowed up to the men he found he 
was covered with three guns from two 
boats. There were four of the men, and 
all seemed well under the influence of 
liquor. He induced the two men he was 

after to put down their guns, knowing 
it would be futile to do any shooting 

" The other one never did put his 
down," reported Roahen, " and I looked 
at that gun barrel for about 20 minutes, 
but I did take the two guns away from 
the men I was after and placed them un- 
der arrest, as when this one guy did not 
shoot immediately I knew I had him 
bluffed. I could very easily have shot 
him, and I still feel that I should have 
done it after I got the other guns away, 
and he was the only one left still say- 
ing he would shoot me. I took a long 
chance rather than to do it and I was 
not very sure I was going to get out at all, 
as in the condition they were in any one 
could have shot, and you may know they 
were very close as I ran my boat along- 
side and held the boats together with 
my feet." 

The courage shown by Protector Roa- 
hen is typical of that frequently exhib- 
ited by the game protectors of the Bio- 
logical Survey, who are stationed at im- 
portant waterfowl concentration points 
throughout the country. At least one of 
these men has lost his life in the per- 
formance of duty and others have been 
shot at and wounded or their lives other- 
wise threatened. 

The men arrested are charged not only 
with motor-boat shooting, but with vio- 
lation of the navigation regulations on 
five separate counts, and a local gun club 
also is charging them with violation of 
the Federal injunction against trespass 
on its grounds. The arrests on these 
counts will probably have a salutary ef- 
fect on game-law observance in the lo- 
cality for some time to come. 



(Continued from page 1) 

in the process of getting their products 
to the consumer. We may safely say 
that American farmers produced more 
with fewer hands this year than ever 

Better results would have followed bet- 
ter planning, he said, citing particularly 
the " ruinous situation " in the potato 
industry resulting from expansion of 
acreage in the face of warnings issued 
by the department in January, March, 
and May. With more intelligent use of 
the information afforded by the econ- 
omic studies made in the department, he 
said, much may be done to control pro- 
duction. He called particular attention to 
the annual Outlook Report to be issued 
late in January. 

Rounding out the view of the year, 
Secretary Jardine said : " Our industrial 
population at home is large, prosperous, 
and affords our farmers the best do- 
mestic market in the world. In the past 
quarter of a century farmers of the 
United States have become less depend- 
ent on foreign markets, as shown by the 
fact that exports of agricultural com- 

modities are becoming a diminishing part 
of our total exports. Our national policy 
is to insure continuance and development 
of the splendid domestic market to our 
farmers by an adequate protective tar- 
iff." He also said that foreign markets 
offer reasonably good prospects, particu- 
larly in the Orient and South America. 

In addition to the extension work 
which it conducted in cooperation with 
the State agricultural colleges in the last 
fiscal year, the extension service of the 
department cooperated in the conduct of 
demonstrations in crop and livestock pro- 
duction and marketing on 12 reclamation 

Among the improvements made re- 
cently in the Federal crop and livestock 
estimating work, the forecasting of pro- 
duction on the basis of weather condi- 
tions is regarded by the Crop Reporting 
Board as being of special interest. 

Farm woodlands have been, many 
times, the means of lifting a mortgage 
from the farm or making the difference 
between profit and loss on the farm 
balance sheet, says W. R. Mattoon, ex- 
tension forester of the Forest Service. 






Issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 

Washington, D. C 

The Official Record is published as a 
means of communicating to -workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
bv subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Recokd must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the chief of bureau 
or office officially concerned with the subject 
matter. Copy must be received before Thurs- 
day in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. The office of 
The Official Record is at 215 Thirteenth 
Street SW., in the Press Service. Telephone : 
Main 4650. branch 242. 



The January 3 issue of The Official 
Record carried information on the Agri- 
culture appropriation bill as it passed 
the House. In the table showing 
increases and decreases in the House bill 
as compared witb tbe Budget, the amount 
added by the House for tuberculosis 
indemnities was $50,000, instead of 
$550,000. While the House figure is 
actually $550,000 in excess of the Bud- 
get total for tbis purpose as published 
in The Official Record of December 12, 
the Bureau of the Budget subsequently 
approved a supplemental estimate of 
$500,000 for tuberculosis indemnities, 
which was further increased $50,000 by 
the House. With this change, the actual 
increase in the working funds of the 
Department of Agriculture provided by 
the House is $374,592 in excess of the 
Budget, instead of $874,592, as reported 
in The Official Record of January 3. 

proving the outlook work of the Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics, and urging 
Congress to support the expansion of 
the foreign work of the bureau, so as to 
provide fuller information on the foreign 
demand for hog products. 


As an outgrowth of several conferences 
which were held in the Corn Belt last 
summer and fall and in which repre- 
sentatives of the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics participated, the National 
Board on Swine Production Policy, con- 
sisting of about 25 representative swine 
producers of the Corn Belt, has been or- 
ganized. The board's initial meeting was 
held in Chicago on December 28-29. 
Nils A. Olsen, chief ; H. R. Tolley, assist- 
ant chief; C. L. Harlan, senior statis- 
tician ; and Mordecai Ezekiel, senior 
economist, of the bureau, addressed the 
board, explaining the nature of the in- 
formation on the hog situation that is 
made available currently by the bureau, 
and the research on the factors affecting 
the supply of hogs, the demand for pork 
products, and hog prices, done by the 
bureau. The ways in which the bureau 
cou'd assist the board in formulating pro- 
duction policies for the swine growers in 
different parts of the country were point- 
ed out. Resolutions were adopted favor- 
ing stabilization of hog production, ap- 


Roscoe H. Shaw, director of the educa- 
tional department of the Evaporated 
Milk Association, Chicago, formerly 
chemist in the Dairy Division of this de- 
partment, died December 18 after a brief 
illness, at the age of 53. He was gradu- 
ated from the University of New Hamp- 
shire, and after graduation he continued 
the study of chemistry abroad and in 
this country. He had been connected 
with the Dairy Division of the United 
States Department of Agriculture, and 
the State universities of Wisconsin, Mis- 
souri, Nebraska, and Kansas, as chem- 
ist, teacher, and research worker. While 
in the Dairy Division as a dairy chem- 
ist he devised the " Shaw test " for fat 
in butter, a description of which was 
published in U. S. D. A. Circular 202. 
For four years he was connected with 
the American Institute of Baking, in 
charge of the nutritional research and 
as editor of Baking Technology. From 
this position he went to the Evaporated 
Milk Association. 


Many agricultural sections of the 
country have reorganized their activities 
as a consequence of the recommenda- 
tions that have been made by the Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics, and in many 
localities the State and local people are 
joining hands with the bureau in the 
effort to find out for the farmers what 
combinations of enterprises promise to be 
best for them under particular conditions. 
Six years ago a national program for 
agricultural production was unknown. 
To-day the annual outlook reports pre- 
pared by the bureau in cooperation with 
representatives of the States provide 
for farmers a plan of procedure nation- 
wide in its value. These outlook reports, 
which present the year's prospects in 
January, are now supplemented from 
time to time by reports which aid farmers 
to decide on changes in plans. Great 
effort is being made by the bureau to im- 
prove its services on domestic and for- 
eign markets, and on standardization, 
grading, and packing, etc., to help fanners 
to meet their conditions in the best and 
most profitable way. 


Paul G. Redington, chief of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey, was elected presi- 
dent of the Society of American Foresters 
at the annual meeting of the society held 
in New York City on December 28-29 in 
conjunction with the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science. 
The society, with a membership of about 
1,300 throughout the United States and 
Canada, came into being in 1P00 and was 
incorporated recently in the District of 
Columbia. It has for its object the ad- 
vancement of the science, practice, and 
standards of forestry in America. Its 
official organ is The Journal of Forestry. 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for the Broadcast Week 
Beginning Monday, January 14 

The department's noonday network pro- 
gram is broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m. 
eastern standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m. 
central standard time ; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m. 
mountain standard time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Company : KFKX, Chi- 
cago; KDKA, Pittsburgh; KSTP, St. 
Paul-Minneapolis ; WOW, Omaha; 
WDAF, Kansas City; KWK, St. Louis; 
KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI, San Antonio; 
WSM, Nashville; WSB, Atlanta; KOA, 
Denver; WMC, Memphis; WLW, Cincin- 
nati; WRC, Washington; and WFAA, 

Monday, January 14 

Potato stocks beport. — By W. F. Callan- 
der, chairman Federal Crop Reporting Board. 

Some lessons from the 192s potato 
crop. — J. B. Shepard, senior statistician, Crop 
Reporting Board. 

Tuesday, January IS 

The price situation. — Dr. O. C. Stine, in 
charge of division of statistical and historical 
research, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Fur farming as a sideline. — F. G. Ash- 
brook, in charge of division of fur resources, 
Bureau of Biological Survey. 

Wednesday, January 16 

The world wheat situation in januarx. — 
Dr. O. C. Stine. 

Wheat rusts and their control. — Dr. 
Harry B. Humphrey, principal pathologist in 
charge of cereal rust investigations, Bureau 
of Plant Industry. 

Thursday, January 17 

How does the lamb market look? — H. M. 
Conway, assistant economist, livestock market- 
ing investigations, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 

Preparations for spring lambing. — D. A. 
Spencer, in charge of sheep investigations. 
Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Friday, January 18 

Industrial uses for farm products. — Dr. 
Henry G. Knight, chief, Bureau of Chemistry 
and Soils. 

W. E. Crouch, biologist of the division 
of economic investigations, Bureau of Bi- 
ological Survey, formerly the survey's 
leader of rodent control in Idaho and 
now assistant head of the division. Wash- 
ington office, is attending wool growers' 
meetings in Boise, Idaho, and Baker. 
Oreg., this week, explaining to the Idaho 
and Oregon associations the predatory- 
animal and rodent control work that is 
being conducted by the bureau and co- 
operating agencies for the benefit of live- 
stock and general agricultural production. 

The Swedish Veterinary Association 
has notified Dr. John R. Mohler, chief of 
the Bureau of Animal Industry, that he 
has been elected an honorary member. 
This courtesy of recognition was given on 
the ground of " excellent scientific 
merits." In acknowledging tbe certificate 
of membership, Doctor Mohler congratu- 
lated the association and its members up- 
on the splendid work which they are do- 
ing in Sweden to advance veterinary 



Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration 

Malaria Preparations Must Comply with Food and Drugs Act 

Few of the preparations on the market 
labeled as treatment for malaria contain 
medicament sufficient to make them adequate 
for treatment of malaria. This is the con- 
clusion of the Food, Drug, and Insecticide 
Administration, which made a survey of the 
preparations last year. 

It is well known that quinine, a cinchona 
alkaloid, if administered in sufficient quanti- 
ties and over a sufficient period of time, 
will destroy the parasite that causes malaria. 
Some of the other cinchona alkaloids also are 
recognized as having antimalaria virtue if ad- 
ministered in comparable dosage. The United 
States Pharmacopoeia gives 15 grains daily 
as the average antimalaria dose of quinine 
and several of its salts. It is the consensus 
of present-day medical opinion that this daily 
dosage continued for a period of eight weeks 
without interruption will usually suffice to 
prevent a relapse of the disease. 

It is the intention of the Department of 
Agriculture to take active steps in the imme- 
diate future to effect suitable changes in the 
formulas for the various preparations on the 
market labeled for the treatment of malaria 
which do not contain adequate quantities of 
the cinchona alkaloids to meet the require- 
ments for the treatment of the disease. 
Changes in the labeling will also be insisted 
upon where the claims made are unwarranted 
by the composition of the preparation. In- 
cluded in these changes will be the omission 
of disease names for which the preparation 
is not a recognized competent treatment. 

The Department of Agriculture assumes that 
in many cases the manufacturer will volun- 
tarily make any necessary changes in their 
preparations or in their labelings to bring 
them into harmony with the provisions of 
the Federal food and drugs act. In those 
cases in which this is not done appropriate 
legal action will be taken. 



At its December monthly luncheon meeting 
the Denver U. S. D. A. Club elected the fol- 
lowing officers for the new year : J. W. John- 
son, district engineer of the Bureau of Public 
Roads, chairman ; H. W. French, locally in 
charge of the livestock market news service, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, vice chair- 
man ; and Wendell Calhoun, locally in charge 
of the fruit and vegetable market news serv- 
ice, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, secre- 
tary-treasurer. The election was followed by 
general discussion of the activities of the club. 
In the past the programs of the regular 
monthly meetings have largely been descrip- 
tions by members of the work of the various 
offices and divisions which have been repre- 
sented by the membership, and as these sub- 
jects have been quite well covered the new 
chairman requested that members advise the 
officers of visits of officials of the depart- 
ment, so that these officials might be invited 
to address the club, or to suggest other speak- 
ers who might be obtained. At the November 
meeting L. E. Waters, manager of the Colo- 
rado Potato Growers' Exchange, talked on 
activities and problems in cooperative mar- 


MAN (beef cattle investigation); JUNIOR ANIMAL HUS- 
(horse investigation) ; JUNIOR ANIMAL HUSBANDMAN 
(meat investigation) ; JUNIOR ANIMAL HUSBANDMAN 
(sheep investigation) ; JUNIOR ANIMAL HUSBANDMAN 
(swine investigation) ; JUNIOR HORTICULTURIST; JUN- 
tine inspection); JUNIOR PHYSIOLOGIST; JUNIOR P0- 
cations must be on file with the United States 
Civil Service Commission at Washington, D. C, 
not later than February 5, 1929. Vacancies in 
the Department of Agriculture, for duty in 
Washington, D. C, or in the field, and in posi- 
tions requiring similar qualifications, will be 

filled from these examinations, unless it is 
found in the interest of the service to fill any 
vacancy by reinstatement, transfer, or pro- 
motion. The salary range for these positions 
is $2,000 to $2,500 a year. For appointment 
in Washington, D. C, the entrance salary 
will be at the minimum rate of $2,000 a year. 
Appointment to the field service will be made 
at any rate within the salary range, varying 
with the conditions obtaining at the head- 
quarters where the vacancy occurs. In fill- 
ing vacancies in positions with headquarters 
outside of Washington, D. C, certification 
will be made of the highest eligibles examined 
nearest the place at which the appointee will 
be employed, except that upon the request of 
the department certification will be made of 
the highest eligibles on the register for the 
entire country who have not expressed un- 
willingness to accept appointment where the 
vacancy exsists. Applicants must have been 
graduated from a 4-years' course in a college 
or university, with the completion of at least 
118 semester hours, or be senior students in 
satisfactory and regular attendance in such a 
course or institution and furnish proof of 
graduation during the life of the eligible reg- 
ister. The names of senior students who 
have passed the examination will not be cer- 
tified for appointment until they have fur- 
nished proof of actual graduation. Diplomas 
should not be submitted as proof of gradua- 
tion ; a statement signed by the proper offi- 
cer of the college or university attended, which 
may be retained in the files of the commission, 
is necessary. 

Scientist Says Research Ranks with Fed- 
eral Reserve System in Maintenance of 

A prediction that synthetic chemis- 
try would soon make possible an in- 
crease in the utilization of forest 
resources by 200 per cent through the 
synthesis of wood now wasted in the 
lumber business, was made by Dr. 
Charles H. Herty, past president of the 
Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufac- 
turers Association, in an address before 
a meeting of scientists in New York 
recently during meetings of the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement 
of Science. Doctor Herty urged that 
government provide adequately for the 
conduct of research in order that ways 
might be found of bettering public 
health through the application of scien- 
tific knowledge. Research, he said, 
was " as important to the stabilization 
of conditions as is the Federal Reserve 
system in commerce and finance." 



(Continued from page 1) 

pers, round stave baskets, or splint bas- 
kets for fruits and vegetables, unless the 
dimension specifications for such (con- 
tainers) shall have been submitted to and 
approved by the Secretary of Agricul- 
ture." Also, that " it shall be unlawful 
to manufacture for sale or shipment, to 
offer for sale, to sell, to offer for ship- 
ment, or to ship, hampers, round stave 
baskets or splint baskets for fruits and 
vegetables, either filled or unfilled, or 
parts of such hampers, round stave 
baskets, or splint baskets, that do not 
comply with this act." 

The department's regulations declare 
that a basket or hamper the gross dimen- 
sions of which are such as to give to the 
untrained eye the appearance of a great- 
er or lesser capacity than that of a stand- 
ard container, or which is not readily 
distinguishable from another standard 
container, is deceptive. 

Copies of the regulations which define 
the capacity and appearance of contain- 
ers, tolerances and variations may be ob- 
tained from the department, Washington. 

Articles and Written Addresses By 

Department People in Outside 


Agricultural Economics 

Caret, L. C. — Standard container legislation 
to date. Fruits and Gardens, Nov 1928 
p. 8. 

Meloy, G. S.— Correlating the variables of 
cotton seed. Chemical Markets, Nov. 1928, 
p. 488. 

Potts, R. C— What poultry and egg stand- 
ardization in the United States means to 
the poultry industry. Reliable Poultry 
Journal, Dec. 1928, p. 539. 

Biological Survey 

Howell, Arthur H.— Descriptions of six new 
North American ground squirrels Pro- 
ceedings Biological Society of Washington, 
vol. 41, p. 211-214. December 18, 1928 

Lincoln, Frederick C. — Forster's tern in the 
District of Columbia. Proceedings Biologi- 
cal Society of Washington, vol. 41 n 
209-210. December 18, 1928 

Mushbach George E.— The nesting birds of 
Woody Island [Mont.]. Montana Wild 

be^ig^s ' no- 6 ' p - 10_12 ' illus - Novem " 
Young, Stanley P.— Senor Yip Yap [Coyote] 
Sunset Magazine, vol. 61, no. 6, p. 28-30 
illus. December 1928. 


Clausen, C. P. — Hyperalonia oenomaus Rond 
a parasite of Tiphia larvae. Annals of the 
Entomological Society of America vol 21 

S°- 4 'k PP ;^ 2-659 (P- 659 is Plate '33),' 
December 1928. 

Larrimer, W. H. — America's corn crop and 
the corn borer. Scientific Monthly, vol °7 
no. 5, pp. 424-433, illus., November 19^8 ' 

Snyder, T. B. — A new Reticulitermes from 
Baltic Sea amber. Journal of the Wash- 
ington Academy of Sciences, vol. 18, no 19 
pp. 515-517, illus., November 19, 1928. 

Experiment Stations 

Trullinger, R. W. — Some promising lines of 
agricultural engineering research. Agricul- 
tural Engineering, vol. 9, no 1"> pp 
375-378, illus. December 1928. 

Home Economics 

Stanley, Louise. — Pan-Pacific women's con- 
ference. Journal of Home Economics vol 
21, no. 1, p. 29-32. January 1929. 

[In the revised administrative regulations 
greater responsibility is placed upon bureau 
chiefs in the approval of material for outside 
publication. (See sec. 604.) These regulations 
provide that one copy of each article or writ- 
ten address bearing upon the work of the de- 
partment and prepared for outside publica- 
tion or delivery, should be sent to the Office 
ol IntornJation for reference and filing Infor- 
mation concerning the fact of publication of 
?vL a 7 r i ? e S v address outside the department 
should be furnished by the bureau concerned 
to I he Official Record for entry under this 
heading in The Record. One copy of each 
written address should be sent to the Director 
ot Information, whether the address is des- 
tined for outside publication or not ] 



At the annual business session of the 
American Phytopathological Society, which 
recently closed its twentieth annual conclave 
in New York City, Dr. R. J. Haskell, associate 
pathologist in charge of the plant disease 
survey of the Bureau of Plant Industry was 
elected president of the society for the year 
1929. Doctor Haskell has just completed six 
years as secretary-treasurer. Dr. H. S. Faw- 
cett, professor of plant pathology of the Uni- 
versity of California and one of the world's 
foremost authorities on the diseases of citrus 
fruits, was named vice president. F. C. Meier 
senior plant pathologist of the Extension Serv- 
ice of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture, was elected secretary-treasurer. The 
retiring president, Prof. H. P. Barss, plant 
pathologist of the Oregon Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, was elected councilor. Dr. H. 
B. Humphrey, principal pathologist in charge 
of cereal rust investigations, Bureau of Plant 
Industry, was made editor in chief of the 
society's monthly journal, Phytopathology, by 
the council. 



(Farmers' Bulletin 1571-F.) By E. R. KalmbaCh, 
senior biologist, division of food habits re- 
search, Bureau of Biological Survey. 27 p., 
8 figs. December, 1928. 

In this bulletin the harmful and beneficial 
influences of the European starling are 
weighed and conclusions drawn to aid both the 
farmer and city dweller in adopting an intelli- 
gent attitude toward the species. It presents, 
in condensed form, the results of the investi- 
gation of the economic status of the starling 
which were published in Department Bulletin 
868-D, and gives information on food habits 
subsequently obtained from stomach examina- 
tion and field observation. In all, 2,626 
stomachs of starlings served as the basis for 
this intensive study of the bird's food habits. 
Although the starling has certain tendencies 
for harm, most of its habits are either benefi- 
cial to man or of neutral character economic- 
ally. As a destroyer of the clover-leaf weevil, 
the Japanese beetle, May beetles, cutworms, 
grasshoppers, and other pests, it is even more 
energetic than some of our protected native 
birds, and field observation has established 
that the time spent by starlings in destroying 
crops, such as cherries, apples, and sweet- 
corn, or in molesting other species of birds, 
is extremely short compared with the time 
they spend searching for insects or feeding 
on wild fruits. Recommendations as to con- 
trol of the bird where locally it becomes over- 
abundant or otherwise objectionable, are made 
in this bulletin. 

ING. (LeaSet 27-L.) By Frank G. Ashbrook, 
biologist in charge, division of fur resources. 
Bureau of Biological Survey, ii, 6 p. No- 
vember, 1928. 

The purpose of this leaflet is to assist cor- 
respondents who desire more or less general 
information on how to make a start In fur 
farming, areas suitable for the industry, what 
it takes to make a good fur farmer, species 
suitable for propagation, and references to 
publications of the Department of Agriculture 
on the various species of fur animals. The 
fact that fur production is a practically new 
industry makes it extremely easy to deceive 
the novice, and propaganda distributed by dis- 
honest dealers in fur-animal breeding stock 
may lead many persons to believe that a for- 
tune awaits them in this industry. The leaflet 
aims to clear up for the beginner many popu- 
lar misconceptions. Foxes, fishers, martens, 
minks, otters, skunks, raccoons, opossums, 
beavers, muskrats, and rabbits are the species 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C , has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the de- 
partment's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 


International congress of soil science. 1st, 
Washington, D. C, 1927. Proceedings and 
papers. Washington, 1928. 


McHugh, J. G. Modern grain exchanges. 

Minneapolis, 1922. 
Surface, F. M. The grain trade during the 

World War. New York, Macmillan, 1928. 


Mazversits, J. Der kleebau in alt-Lettland. 
Riga, Walters & Rapa, 1928. 

Olsen, Frits. Korfattet vejledning i anlseg og 
behandling af varige grsesarealer. Kdben- 
havn, Nielsen & I.ydiche, 1926. 

Paviolo, Italo. El cultivo y la preparation 
agrtcola del tabaco en la republica del Ecua- 
dor. Quito, Talleres tipograficos nacionales, 


Chapman, G. N. A series of four lectures on 
organisation and business methods of the 
oilseed trade. London, Smith, Gowland, 


Campbell, Mrs. O. A. The Danish folk school. 
New York, Macmillan, 1928. 

Schmidt, G. A. Efficiency in vocational edu- 
cation in agriculture. New York, Century, 


Engineering news-record. Construction costs, 
1910-1926. New York, McGraw-Hill. 1927. 

Hill, C. S. Winter construction methods. 
New York, McGraw-Hill, 1928. 

Preble, N. H. Conveyor facts. Detroit, Me- 
chanical handling systems, 1928. 


Roehrich, Oliver. ?>I£thode d'appreciation sci- 
entifique et pratique des qualit6s textiles 
d'un coton brut. Paris, L'Edition textile, 
1928. (L'Edition textile, moderne, no. 13) 


Cohn, Lassar. Organic laboratory methods. 
Tr. from the 5th ed.. by R. E. Oesper. Bal- 
timore, Williams and Wilkins, 1928. (The 
World wide chemical translations series, 
no. 2) 

The Times. London. International chemical & 
allied industries number. London, 1927. 
(Trade and engineering supplement. Nov. 
26, 1927) 


Rommel, G. M. Farm products in industry. 
New York, Henkle. 1928. 

Sen, H. K. The utilisation of water hyacinth 
for the production of alcohol and potassium 
chloride. Calcutta, Chatterjee, 1928. 


Beveridge, Sir W. H. British food control. 
London, Oxford university press, 1928. 

California almond growers exchange. Manual 
of special instructions for large scale blanch- 
ing, salting, roasting & toasting of California 
almonds. San Francisco, 1928. 


Rabaud, Etienne. How animals find their way 
about. Tr. by I. H. Myers. New York, Har- 
court, Brace, 1928. 


Estrada, Mario. El mSdico de las plantas. 
Buenos Aires, Borzone y Marengo, 1928. 


International conference on genetics. 5th, 
Berlin, 1927. Verhandlingen. Leipzig, 
Borntraeger, 1928. (Zeitsehrift fiir induk- 
tive abstammungs- und vererbungslehre. 
Suppl. bd. 1-2) 


Coeur, R. Contribution a l'etude des 
Iggumineuses toxiques pour les equities. 
Orleans, Impr. Orlganaise, 1927. 

Poetsch. I. S. Nachtriige zur systematischen 
aufziihlung der im erzherzogthunie Oester- 
reich ob der Enns bisher beobachteten 
samenlosen pflanzen (kryptogamen) Wien, 
Schinkay, 1894. 


Huertas, J. A. & Rodriquez, Emilio. Mc- 
moria relativa a los centros de producci6n 
de frutas, verduras y hortalizas. Madrid, 
Imprenta municipal, 1927. 

Institute for research in land economics and 
public utilities. The Institute for research 
in land economics and public utilities. 
Chicago. 1928. 

Lee, V. P. & Hunt. R. L. Readings in cotton 
marketing. Ann Arbor, Edwards. 1928. 

New Zealand. Laws, statutes, etc. Regula- 
tions under the Rural intermediate credit 
act, 1927. Wellington, 1927. 

Strover, C. Monetary reconstruction. Chicago, 


The following book belonging to the library 
cannot be found. Any information in regard 
to it will be appreciated. Please report the 
information to the loan desk of the Main 
Library of the department, Washington : 
U. S. Bureau of foreign & domestic com- 
merce. Statistical abstract. 1928. 


On a recent visit to Brevard Island 
Reservation, Mosquito Lagoon, Fla., Ar- 
thur H. Howell, biologist of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey, learned that the 
colony of brown pelicans occupying the 
island is in a nourishing condition. This 
is the only breeding colony of these birds 
on the east coast of Florida, and, un- 
like their relatives on the west coast, 
which nest in spring, the Brevard Is- 
land birds nest in fall and winter. On 
November 28 the pelicans were at the 
height of their breeding season, the 
nests, estimated to number more than 
2,000, containing eggs and young birds 
of all ages, some just hatching and 
others nearly large enough to fly. This 
colony, at least, was evidently not seri- 
ously affected by the tropical storms of 
last summer. The existence of this col- 
ony of pelicans has been known since 
the middle of the last century, and until 
the last few years it occupied Pelican 
Island in the Indian River, near Sebas- 
tian. With the building of cottages on 
the beach near their island the birds 
moved north in 1923 and settled on a 
small island in Mosquito Lagoon which 
they now occupy and which has been 
set aside as a Federal reservation. Soon 
after their arrival in their new nesting 
site several local fishermen, acting on the 
assumption that the birds were deplet- 
ing the supply of food fishes, visited the 
island and slaughtered a large number 
of the young. Fortunately this was not 
repeated. Studies by the Biological Sur- 
vey of the food preferences of the birds 
have shown conclusively that the fishes 
the birds feed on are almost solely men- 
haden and other species which are not 
used as human food. 

There was marked activity in the im- 
portations of foreign wild birds and mam- 
mals in the month ending December 15, 
a total of approximately S0.000 birds 
having been brought in at the ports of 
New York and Philadelphia, says the 
Bureau of Biological Survey. Of the 
80.000, more than 52,000 arrived in the 
first 10 days of December. Among the 
mammals was a gorilla from Africa for 
the National Zoological Park. Washing- 
ton, D. C, said to be the ninth specimen 
brought to the United States. 

A church recently became a member 
of a southwestern cotton growers associ- 
ation. The church, a small, struggling 
one, planted a field of cotton in the 
spring of 1927 to help its finances. When 
the cotton was ready to sell some of the 
members of the congregation, who were 
also members of the cotton cooperative, 
proposed that the church's crop should 
be handled through the association. 
The church joined the cooperative and 
sold through it and expects to continue 
the membership. 

The Official Record has a column which 
runs under the head " New Ideas and Dis- 
coveries." The purpose of this column is to 
give publication to the new things in science, 
administration, and invention which are con- 
ceived, developed, or found by the people of 
the department. The column' is open to the 
entire staff of the department for contribution 
to it. 



Chemists Closely Following the Efforts of Several Industrial Concerns Which Are Manufacturing 
Paper, Board Materials, and Cellulose from Crop By-Products 

If the manufacture of paper, wall- 
board, and other products from corn- 
stalks should prove to be commercially 
feasible, such utilization of this by-prod- 
uct of the corn crop might, if done on a 
large enough scale, operate as a factor 
of importance in the control of the Euro- 
pean corn borer, says Dr. F. P. Veitch, 
chemist in charge of the industrial farm 
products division of the Bureau of Chem- 
istry and Soils. Doctor Veitch says, how- 
ever, that the average annual production 
of cured cornstalks and corn stover in the 
United States is 100,000,000 to 150,000,000 
tons, a tonnage which would make sev- 
eral times as much paper and board as 
could probably find a profitable market 
under present conditions or in the near 
future. He believes that the utilization 
of cornstalks for paper and board is the 
most promising form of industrial utili- 
zation of this by-product yet suggested. 
He says that paper was made from corn- 
stalks as far back as 1765 and that on 
two occasions in the last 25 years the 
Department of Agriculture has studied 
the matter very carefully on a mill scale. 

" The investigations," he says, " have 
shown quite conclusively that, techni- 
cally, it is very easy to make a paper or 
board, such as wallboard, building board, 
and insulation board from cornstalks. 



(Continued from page 1) 

conclusions that have been reached were 

The report of the joint committee of 
the American Association of Economic 
Entomologists, the American Society of 
Agronomy, the American Society of Agri- 
cultural Engineers, and the American 
Farm Economic Association was pre- 
sented and discussed. 

The final report of the committee on 
allocation of research was presented. 

A new committee, representing the 
American Society of Animal Production, 
reported. This committee emphasized 
the point that inasmuch as fully 80 per 
cent of the corn produced is fed to live- 
stock, any menace to the corn crop is of 
vital interest to the animal husbandman. 

The research program as presented 
was adopted in its entirety by the con- 
ference as the official program for the 
calendar year 1929. 

Those in attendance were : Doctor Woods, 
director of scientific work, Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. ; C. H. 
Batchelder, Arlington, Mass., D. J. Caffrey, 
Toledo, Ohio, E. D. Eaton and C. C. Hill, 
Carlisle, Pa.. J. R. Horton, Wichita. Kans., 
H. L. Parker, Hveres (Var) France, C. M. 
Packard, W. Lafayette, Ind.. W. J. Phillips, 
Charlottesville, Va., A. F. Satterthwait, Web- 
ster Groves, Mo., J. S. Wade, Washington. 
D. C, all of the United States Bureau of 
Entomology ; S. S. Buckley, E. W. McComas, 
and E. W. Sheets, Washington, D. C, all of 
the United States Bureau of Animal Industry ; 
Mark Baldwin, R. C. Roark, W. W. Skinner, 
and F. P. Veitch, Washington, D. C, all of 

However, the difficulty heretofore has 
been to make money at it. Though sev- 
eral firms have tried it, the ventures have 
not been financially successful simply 
because paper and board could be made 
at lower cost from wood. 

" It is obvious that with the decrease 
in supply and increase in cost of any raw 
material, other raw materials will re- 
ceive more consideration. As the supply 
of wood decreases and the cost of wood 
increases, there will come a time when 
another raw material for paper making 
will have a market. The question is, Has 
this time come for cornstalks as a raw 
material for making paper and board? 
We don't know. But several firms are 
trying to find out by initiating what 
promise to be rather large-scale experi- 
ments. It will probably take four or five 
years to give a conclusive answer. It 
will be some time, therefore, before it is 
known whether or not the time is yet 
come when cornstalks may be profitably 
used for making paper and paper board, 
and also cellulose for various industrial 
uses. It may be pointed out that there 
is reason to think that useful building 
and insulation boards can be made from 
cornstalks. Theoretically, at least, it 
would seem that at present prices for 
such board this might be done profitably, 
but this, too, remains to be proved." 

the United States Bureau of Chemistry and 
Soils; C. R. Ball. L. C. Corbett, W. J. Morse, 
F. D. Riehey, and H. N. Vinall, Washington, 
D. C. A. M. Brunson, Manhattan, Kans., 
J. R. Holbert, Bloomington, 111., M. T. Jenkins, 
Ames, Iowa, all of the United States Bureau 
of Plant Industry ; G. W. Collier, M. R. Cooper, 
V. B. Hart, W. C. Waite, and K. H. Myers, 
Washington. D. C. all of the United States 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics ; C. P. Hart- 
ley, Toledo, Ohio, and H. T. Cronin and S. A. 
Rohwer, Washington, D. C, United States 
Plant Quarantine and Control Administration ; 
O. S. Fisher and H. W. Gilbertson, Washington, 
D. C, Extension Service. United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture ; R. B. Gray, Toledo, 
Ohio, United States Bureau of Public Roads ; 
A. B. Nystrom and O. E. Reed, Washington, 
D. C United States Bureau of Dairy Indus- 
try ; R. A. Brink and J. G. Dickson. Wisconsin 
Experiment Station, Madison ; George Eppley, 
J. B. Gahan, and J. L. Gardiner, University 
of Maryland, H. S. McConnell. Maryland Ex- 
periment Station, and E. N. Cory, Maryland 
State Entomologist, College Park ; Paul Ger- 
laugh, J. S. Houser, L. L. Huber, and J. D. 
Sayre, Ohio Experiment Station, Wooster ; 
C. R. Neiswander, Ohio Experiment Station, 
Oak Harbor ; M. P. Jones, Ohio State Uni- 
versity, Columbus ; L. E. Call, Kansas State 
Agricultural College, and G. A. Dean, Kansas 
Experiment Station, Manhattan ; J. J. Davis, 
Purdue University Experiment Station, and 
F. C. King, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. ; 
W. B. Duryee, New Jersey State Department 
of Agriculture, Trenton ; G. E. Engels and 
T. S. Borden, Cooperative Growers Association, 
and W. K. Hookstra, Burlington County 
Board of Agriculture, Beverly, N. J. ; G. A. 
Brown, Michigan State College, and R. H. 
Pettit, Michigan Experiment Station, East 
Lansing; W. P. Flint, Illinois Experiment 
Station, Urbana ; Philip Garman, Connecticut 
Experiment Station, New Haven ; .1. C. Ken- 
dall, New Hampshire Experiment Station, Dur- 
ham ; C. F. Noll and H. N. Worthley, Pennsyl- 
vania State College, State College ; P. J. 
Parrott, New York Experiment Station, Ge- 
neva ; M. D. Leonard, Tobacco By-Product 
and Chemical Corporation, Louisville, Ky. ; 
O. B. Zimmerman, International Harvester 
Company. Chicago. 111. ; J. C. Ketcham, Mem- 
ber of Congress, Hastings, Mich. 

Many wild animals swim across the 
broad Mississippi River, says the Bureau 
of Biological Survey. Grey squirrels, fox 
squirrels, and red or pine squirrels are 
among the animals most frequently found 
boldly essaying to cross the river, though 
woodclmcks, raccoons, skunks, and other 
animals not ordinarily seen in the water 
occasionally swim it. An interesting 
feature of the squirrel migration is that 
the animals in nearly every case seem 
to have a destination in view. When 
allowed to crawl up an oar into a boat, 
as, when exhausted, they are perfectly 
willing to do, they will ride along if the 
boat is going in the direction to suit 
them, but if it changes its course they 
jump out and swim again. 

The shipping point of inspection of 
apples for export was one of the impor- 
tant services rendered to South Jersey 
growers by the New Jersey State depart- 
ment of agriculture in the 1927 market- 
ing season, says information received by 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
from the State secretary of agriculture. 
All stock was put in barrels, a compara- 
tively new container in New Jersey. 
New Jersey has exported Wealthy, Grav- 
enstein, and other summer varieties, in 
bushel baskets and boxes. In the last 
season or two, growers have become 
more interested in exporting late varie- 
ties packed in barrels, and the stock is 
reported to compete favorably with bar- 
rel apples from Virginia, Pennsylvania, 
and other eastern sections. 

Weather Bureau officials in charge of 
weather stations in cities having air 
ports which are used in the Air Mail 
Service are arranging with authorities 
of the ports for furnishing the daily 
weather map or the display of daily 
bulletins and forecasts. Experience has 
shown that pilots and others at air ports 
to which the Weather Bureau has not 
yet been able to assign personnel, are 
greatly helped by the posting of the daily 
weather map. In cases where air ports 
are difficult to reach by ordinary mail 
with maps and other information, ar- 
rangements are made with local post- 
masters to forward maps and bulletins on 
the trucks which take the air mail to the 
air port. 

Inquiries regarding the tobacco inspec- 
tion service which is being developed in 
Virginia are being received by the Vir- 
ginia State division of markets from 
many other States and from Canada and 
other countries. This service, inspection 
and grading, was started on the Lynch- 
burg market in 1927 as an experiment, 
but before that season closed it became 
recognized by growers, warehousemen, 
and buyers. It is being enlarged. 

Prospects are good for a heavy con- 
sumption of American apples in Holland, 
Germany, Denmark, and Sweden in the 
next few months, says a cable received by 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
from Edwin Smith, the bureau's fruit 
marketing specialist stationed abroad. In 
general, says Mr. Smith, the continental 
market outlook is better than usual for 
barreled stock and normal for boxed. 



Believes Time Is Coming When World Will Give Ear to tie Claim That to the Scientist Belongs 
a Just Equity in the Wealth Which His Work Helps to Create 

How to devise a plan under which the 
legitimate claims of science upon its de- 
votees can be satisfied, and at the same 
time obtain for the scientist just equity in 
wealth arising from the use of his dis- 
covery, is becoming a problem for inter- 
national action, says the New York Times 
in a recent issue. The newspaper makes 
this statement in quoting Dr. Harrison E. 
Howe, Washington, D. C, editor of The 
Journal of Industrial and Engineering 
Chemistry, in an article " Scientific and 
Industrial Property " in the January 1 
issue of The Journal of the American 
Chemical Society. In his article Doctor 
Howe says that within a generation a 
change may be noted in the attitude of 
the 'pure scientist' toward the applica- 
tion of his data, and even toward the 
monetary remuneration which they may 
earn for him. 

" Without changing in the slightest his 
belief in the absolute necessity of funda- 
mental work, the scientist has ceased to 
pray ' May it ever remain pure ' and is 
inclined to accept the statement that all 
research, to be justified, must ultimately 
be useful. 

"A committee of the League of Nations 
has raised the question, 'Are scientific dis- 
coveries property?', and this question has 
been referred to various bodies. 

" This matter is worthy of our best 
thought. Means have already been estab- 
lished to protect other kinds of property. 
Certain work may be copyrighted. In- 
ventors depend upon our patent laws. 
Paintings and etchings are recognized as 
property. And yet in the majority of 
cases the underlying work upon which 
industry must base its profit-making 
developments goes unrewarded. 

"The problem is complicated by the 
ethics of the scientific profession, for all 
able scientists recognize that their col- 
leagues have claims upon them that can 
not be denied, and it is unthinkable that 
a scientist would desire or would be per- 
mitted to dictate who may and who may 
not use his laws or principles, his for- 
mulas or calculations, and under what 
prescribed conditions. 

" There are unnumbered instances of 
industrial and engineering progress fol- 
lowing in the wake of discoveries in pure 
science, and indeed it is coming to be 
accepted that no industrial and engineer- 
ing progress is made unless it does fol- 
low upon scientific discoveries. We have 
heard more in the last decade of the debt 
of industry to pure science, and the con- 
tention that the scientific pioneer has a 
property right in his discovery is grow- 

Economist Predicts Commercial 
Services Will Ease Home Tasks 

What constitutes the job of the home 
maker to-day, and what means will the 
woman of the future adopt to escape the 
overwork now experienced by many, were 
questions discussed by Hildegarde Knee- 
land, head of the division of economics 
of the Bureau of Home Economics, at 
a conference on problems of the house- 
hold manager held in Chicago in De- 
cember at the instance of the University 
of Chicago. 

In discussing the subject of the time 
now spent by women on housework, Miss 
Kneeland referred to detailed weekly 
records sent to the bureau and cooperat- 
ing colleges by more than 2,000 rural 
and urban home makers. 

" The average for this group of women 
shows that they spent slightly more than 
51 hours a week in actual home making," 
she said. " If the range of 42 to 55 
hours a week is taken as roughly mark- 
ing the limits of a full-time job, just 
half of the home makers studied fall 
within this class, while one-third will be 
classed as overworked, and only the re- 
maining sixth as underworked. The 
records from 750 farm women who added 
care of poultry and milk, gardening, and 
other farm work to their regular home- 
making job, show for them an average 
of 63% hours a week, or more than 
hours of actual work every day of the 

" In view of the transfer from the 
home of much of the work of former 
days and in view of the decrease in size 

of families and the increase in conven- 
iences in the home, why should so many 
women still be overworked ? This may 
be explained in part by these same rec- 
ords. A sixth of the home makers -in 
the bureau study received no help what- 
ever, from either paid workers or mem- 
bers of the family. The whole group 
on the average received from ail sources 
only 10 hours a week of help. For- 
merly a larger share of the work of 
the home was done by other members 
of the household than the home maker 
herself. Much of the gain so far brought 
by the ' industrial revolution ' has gone 
into reducing the work of the house- 
hold from a job for several workers to 
a one-worker job. 

" In the next 50 years further reduc- 
tion of the demands of housekeeping will 
probably come through increase in the 
use of large-scale outside agencies. Just 
as we now accept ready-made clothing, 
ready-cooked food, ready-washed laundry, 
so will we be won over to other types 
of commercial service. Also some help 
probably will come from the employ- 
ment -of part-time skilled workers in 
the home under standard contracts as 
to hours, wages, and duties. The appli- 
cation of scientific management to home 
making will also aid, as will to much 
greater extent labor-saving equipment 
and the scheduling of housework, but 
the greatest shift will likely bo toward 
the utilization of commercial services." 

The Official Record lias a "Questions and 
Answers " department which runs under that 
heading. Questions of sufficient general inter- 
est to the people of the department as a whole 
will be answered therein if sent to the editor. 

The Coolidge Dam, now completed 
at San Carlos, Ariz., is storing water 
for use next spring on the San Carlos 
irrigation project near Florence and 
Casa Grande, Ariz. The operating com- 
mittee of the project has set aside 
enough money to employ a crew of men 
to trap and poison pocket gophers. The 
work was started in November under 
the supervision of the Bureau of Biologi- 
cal Survey, cooperating with the Uni- 
versity of Arizona Agricultural Exten- 
sion Service. 

More than 800 farmers* institutes, with 
a total attendance of 716,818, were held 
in Ohio in 1927, says F. L. Allen, super- 
visor of institutes in the State, in a re- 
port received by the Office of Coopera- 
tive Extension Work. He states that 
early reports show a gain of 13 per cent 
in attendance over the figures reported 
at the same time the year before. Attend- 
ance at these meetings in Ohio has been 
steadily increasing in the last several 

In the last fiscal year 425,406.329 
pounds of cocoa beans were imported into 
the United States. Of this, about 29,000.- 
000 pounds was detained at ports of 
entry because of adulteration or mis- 
branding. The detained beans were either 
destroyed, exported, separated into good 
and bad and the bad destroyed, or re- 
conditioned so they would comply with 
the food and drugs act. 

A new gift building, an infirmary, was 
opened for use on the campus of Penn- 
sylvania State College the other day. 
The infirmary cost. $150,000. Half of that, 
amount came from potato growers of the 
State, who donated to a voluntary fund 
out of appreciation for what Penn State 
College had done for them in the shape of 
extension and research. 

Widespread approval of the classifica- 
tion of cotton by grade and staple, made 
on the basis of samples taken at gins, has 
been manifested, reports the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. Such classifica- 
tion informs farmers and the cotton 
world of the quantity of tenderable and 
untenderable cotton on future contracts, 
and has enabled the installation of sys- 
tems designed to improve the grade and 
staple length of cotton. 

A large female wolf recently caught 
in Oklahoma by a hunter of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey is reported to have 
killed $1,000 worth of hogs and sheep 
for one stockman and to have caused 
large losses for others. One private 
hunter had been on the trail of this wolf 
for five years. 

About 5.000.000 acres of land in the 
basins of the Missouri and Arkansas Riv- 
ers are now under irrigation, and. it is 
estimated, there is enough water avail- 
able in these rivers to irrigate an addi- 
tional 12.000.000 acres, but irrigation de- 
velopment of these lands will depend 
upon whether the reclamation will pay. 



of Agriculture 

Certificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative Information and ia 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, January 17, 1929 

No. 3 


Recommends to Congress a 10-Year 

Cooperative Campaign Against 

Predators and Rodents 

In compliance with a request of Con- 
gress, Secretary Jardine has transmitted 
to both Houses a report on investigations 
made by the Bureau of Biological Sur- 
vey showing the feasibility of a 10-year 
cooperative program of preda- 
tory-animal control, and rec- 
ommended the making of an- 
nual appropriation for the 
next 10 years to carry the pro- 
gram into effect. The report 
has been referred to the Com- 
mittee on Agriculture and 
Forestry of the Senate, Sena- 
tor McNary, of Oregon, chair- 
man, and to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House, 
Representative Haugen, of 
Iowa, chairman. It has been 
printed as House Document 
No. 496. The Secretary said 
the plan was entirely feasible, 
and would be, iu effect, a most 
tangible form of agricultural 

For more than 12 years the 
Biological Survey has been 
working for the control of 
predatory animals that are 
injurious to agriculture, horti- 
culture, forestry, animal hus- 
bandry, and wild game, and 
the smaller rodents that feed 
on growing and stored crops, 
forest and other nursery 
stock, and the range grasses 
that support agriculture and 
animal husbandry. 

The 10-year program would 
be concerned with the control of such de- 
stroyers of livestock and game as wolves, 
coyotes, mountain lions, bobcats, and 
predatory bears, and of such smaller 
predators as prairie dogs, ground squir- 
rels, pocket gophers, jack rabbits, wood- 
chucks, porcupines, mice, rats, and moles, 
most of which are rodents. 

Even with the inadequate facilities 
that have thus far been available for 
control operations, the savings effected 
have been more than $10 for every dollar 
spent. The intensive 10-year program 
should make it possible not only to pre- 
vent constant reinfestation of cleared 
areas and thus make the savings per- 
manent, but to conduct work on the pub- 
lic domain and cooperatively on areas 
where heretofore it has been impossible 

29742"— 29 

to operate on account of lack of funds. 
The department recognizes the definite 
obligation of the Federal Government to 
prevent its lands from being centers of 
infestation to the detriment of neighbor- 
ing farmers and stockmen. 

The department does not contemplate 
complete eradication of these predatory 
animals, and recognizes that in some 
areas this is neither practicable nor ad- 
visable. However, the plan should, when 
fully effective, so bring the animals under 
control that damage by them would be 
negligible and in many cases completely 

(Continued on page .?) 




Dr. Melvin C. Merrill, editorial chief of the division of publica- 
tions, Office of Information, Office of the Secretary, has been ap- 
pointed chief of the division by M. S. Eisenhower, director of 
information. Frank D. Smith, administrative assistant to the 
chief of the division, who for several years has been in charge of 
the relations of the department with the Government Printing 
Office, has been advanced to assistant chief of the division, in 
charge of mechanical operations. 


Advanced from Position of Editoria! 

Chief — Smith is Assistant Chief 

in Charge of Operations 

Under appointments effective January 
1, announced on that date by M. S. Eisen- 
hower, director of the Office of Informa- 
tion, Dr. M. C. Merrill, editorial chief 
of the Division of Publications, has been 
made chief of the Division of Publica- 
tions, and Frank D. Smith, who has 
been in charge of production of printed 
(Continued on page 3) 

Forty-Five States and Hawaii Send 

Representatives — Report to Be 

Released January 28 

Representatives of the agricultural ex- 
tension services of 45 States and of the 
Territory of Hawaii will attend the an- 
nual Agricultural Outlook Conference to 
be conducted by the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics in Washing- 
ton, January 21-26. They will 
discuss with the staff of the 
Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics the local situations 
with regard to the present 
condition and the outlook for 
the agricultural commodities 
produced in their respective 
parts of the country, and 
ways and means of giving the 
widest possible distribution to 
the outlook information 
throughout the Nation. The 
methods which so far have 
been applied in disseminating 
outlook and other economic in- 
formation on agriculture will 
be studied by the conference, 
and the means and agencies 
which the different States 
have found to be most effec- 
tive will be considered, with a 
view to a wider application 
and use of them. 

Committee chairmen, ap- 
pointed for 31 committees and 
five agricultural subjects, have 
completed preliminary drafts 
of statements for the Outlook 
Report, and these drafts are 
being considered this week. 

The conference opens Mon- 
day, January 21. It is ex- 
pected that the general session will cover 
the four days up to and including Thurs- 
day, the 24th. It is probable that the re- 
port will be available for mimeographing 
on the 25th and 26th. It is the intention 
to release the report on Monday, the 28th, 
for publication in afternoon newspapers 
and for broadcast by radio. 

Plans are under way for the operation 
of the most extensive hook up of radio 
stations and general broadcast ever ar- 
ranged for an agricultural event. 

The following State extension people have 
signified intention to attend the conference: 
P H. Ross, director, Arizona agricultural ex- 
tension service, Tucson ; E. P. Dargan, farm- 
management extension specialist. Little Rock, 
Ark. ; H. R. Wellman, specialist in agricultural 

(Continued on page 8) 



At 134 the Index Is Same as Pre-War 

and 3 Points Below the Index 

for December a Year Ago 

The general level of farm prices re- 
mained unchanged at 134 per cent of the 
pre-war level, in the period from Novem- 
ber 15 to December 15, says the January 
farm price report of the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. At 134, the index 
is 3 points below December a year ago. 
Slight advances in the farm prices of 
nearly all crops and seasonal advances 
in the farm prices of eggs and dairy prod- 
ucts from November 15 to December 15, 
offset further declines in the farm prices 
of meat animals, wool, chickens, and 
work animals. The indices of the farm 
prices of grains, dairy products, and cot- 
ton and cottonseed advanced 2 points 
from November 15 to December 15, while 
the index for poultry products advanced 
12 points. Meat animals declined 7 
points and fruits and vegetables 1 point. 

The farm price of hogs from November 
15 to December 15 continued the usual 
seasonal decline due to increased re- 
ceipts. Receipts of hogs at seven pri- 
mary markets in the 4-week period ending 
December 22 were 24 per cent larger than 
in a corresponding period ending Novem- 
ber 24. The corn-hog ratio declined from 
11.3 to 10.4 for the United States and 
from 12.6 to 12 for Iowa, during the 

The farm price of corn, which has been 
declining since July, 1928, made a slight 
recovery from November 15 to December 
15. Prices advanced 3 per cent in the 
South Central States and 2 per cent in 
the North Central States, while an addi- 
tional decline of 3 per cent was made 
along the Atlantic seaboard. This re- 
sulted in an average advance of 1 per 
cent for the country as a whole. These 
price changes were accompanied by a 
continuation of good foreign demand and 
indications that the 1928 corn crop is 
about 2 per cent smaller than estimated 
on November 1. 

The farm price of wheat advanced 1 
per cent from November 15 to December 
15. The advance in the farm price w r as 
fairly general for the country as a whole, 
with the exception of a slight decline in 
the South Atlantic States. These price 
changes have been accompanied by a 
decline in market receipts and a decrease 
in the visible supply in this country. 

After a prolonged decline, which began 
last April, the farm price of potatoes 
recovered slightly from November 15 to 
December 15, although the advance 
amounted to only a little more than 1 
per cent. The farm price was unchanged 
in the North Central States, advanced 
about 5 per cent in the South Atlantic- 
division, and approximately 1 per cent 
in the rest of the country. The price 
advance was accompanied by a seasonal 
decline in car-lot shipments and a slight 
reduction in the estimate of total 1928 

The farm price of cotton advanced 
from 17.8 to 18 cents per pound from 
November 15 to December 15, in contrast 
with the usual seasonal decline in this 

period. In the South Atlantic States the 
farm price advance amounted to nearly 
3 per cent, but the rise in price was lim- 
ited to approximately 1 per cent in the 
rest of the Cotton Belt. The farm price 
of cottonseed advanced about 1 per cent 
in the same period. 


An important project being carried on 
by the Bureau of Dairy Industry in co- 
operation with many State agricultural 
colleges, is the study of the relation of 
the conformation and anatomy of the 
dairy cow to her milk and butterfat pro- 
duction. W. W. Swett, senior dairy hus- 
bandman, in charge of the project, re- 
cently visited Kansas State Agricultural 
College, the University of Missouri, and 
Iowa State College, to aid in coordinat- 
ing the work already under way at those 
stations, and the University of Wisconsin 
to introduce the work. At each of these 
stations at least two cows of known pro- 
ducing capacity have been measured ex- 
ternally to determine their conformation, 
and then slaughtered and their anatomy 
studied by weighing or measuring all the 
organs of the body and measuring the 
dressed carcass. Fifteen stations are 
cooperating on the project. Antemortem 
and post-mortem data have been obtained 
on more than 200 cows. 


To the city dweller the most conspicu- 
ous habit of the European starling is 
the establishment by it of obnoxious 
winter roosts. In some instances in 
eastern cities these roosts are of 
enormous size. Typical roosts of this 
kind are those which for years have oc- 
cupied trees and buildings or Pennsyl- 
vania Avenue and other downtown streets 
in Washington, D. C, where, in spite of 
measures taken to drive the birds 
away, the starlings have persisted and 
they return year after year to the same 
neighborhood. The starling is highly in- 
sectivorous in its food habits and if the 
bird is present in moderate numbers it is 
regarded as beneficial, as far as agricul- 
ture is concerned. 

Weevils cause serious damage to the 
seed crops of numerous varieties of le- 
gumes. In some sections of the country 
damage has been so severe that farmers 
have abandoned efforts to grow some of 
the legumes. However, if farmers take 
the necessary precautions and apply them 
on a community-wide basis, crops sub- 
ject to injury by weevils can be grown 
in localities where culture has been 

Nearly 46 banks in the United States 
now regularly display the weekly grain 
market review issued by the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, and many banks 
are posting the hay and feed review. 
These bulletins are put up in bank lob- 
bies where customers of the bank and 
others may examine them. This is just 
one of the details in the rapidly develop- 
ing nation-wide system of supplying in- 
formation to the country on the market 
conditions of agricultural production. 


General Programs Should Be Inaugu- 
rated Only After Careful Study 
and Scrutiny, Says Allen 

Increase in funds, especially those de- 
rived under the Purnell Act, is permitting 
the appointment of many new people in 
experiment-station work, and these people 
need to be selected with great care as to 
their preparation and general qualifica- 
tions, said Dr. E. W. Allenj chief of the 
Office of Experiment Stations of the de- 
partment, in a paper presented at the 
recent national meeting of the land-grant 
colleges and universities. The supply of 
people for research is not yet wholly ade- 
quate to the demand in some lines, but 
the maintenance of high standards of 
qualifications will stimulate good minds 
to prepare for this field, he said. Doctor 
Allen's subject was Administrative Re- 
sponsibilities in the Functioning of Re- 
search. He made the point that the 
director needs to know his people in- 
dividually, so that each individual will 
be assigned where he can work to the 
best advantage, and so that effective 
supervision will be provided for those 
who need it. 

The necessity of giving studious atten- 
tion to the outlining of new research 
projects and scrutiny of them as to ob- 
jectives, point of attack, and line of 
procedure, in order that the projects be 
constructive and directed at subjects of 
importance in the station program, was 
strongly emphasized. 

Doctor Allen pointed out certain de- 
fects that are sometimes exhibited by 
new projects. He classified the defects 
as follows : Blanket proposals, unduly 
broad and indefinite ; failure to take due 
account of previous work ; defective tech- 
nic ; procedure not adequate for attain- 
ment of the objectives ; demonstrations 
or purely routine undertakings ; and as- 
signment of inadequate support. He 
cited examples of each type to illustrate 
and to emphasize the necessity for care- 
ful administrative attention to proposals 
made for research. The director should 
exercise his authority in such a way as 
to see that plans are properly made and 
considered ; he will leave the details of 
execution to the specialist, but he will 
establish means by which he will know 
whether or not the projects are well 
carried out and are productive, said 
Doctor Allen. 

He urged that general programs of 
research be inaugurated only after care- 
ful study. This, he said, will insure that 
the research of an experiment station is 
not fragmentary or fortuitous — built up 
largely on the initiative of individual 
workers — but is so designed as to 
effectively meet the needs. 

Secretary Jardiue, under authority 
conferred upon him by the naval stores 
act, has promulgated the following 
United States standard for sulphate 
wood turpentine, lo become effective 
March 20. 1929: "Sulphate wood turpen- 
tine means wood turpentine obtained 
from wood by the sulphate process." 




(Continued from page 1) 

at an end. In devising the 10-year pro- 
gram the department consulted State 
officials and other cooperators and re- 
ceived assurances from them that they 
would support the program and continue 
the present ratio of cooperative expendi- 
ture on the average of approximately 2% 
to 1, if and when Federal funds were 

At present the predatory wolves, co- 
yotes, mountain lions, and bobcats take 
annual toll in livestock and game to the 
value of $30,000,000. The most persist- 
ently destructive of the lot is the coyote, 
an animal that is responsible also for 
transmitting to livestock and human 
beings such dread diseases as rabies and 
tularemia. This predator is not confined 
to western ranges. Last year, in a New 
York county bordering Lake Ontario- 
coyotes destroyed $10,000 worth of sheep. 
More than a million coyotes have been 
killed by hunters of the Biological Sur- 
vey in the last 12 years. 

Less sensational, but possibly more 
widespread, losses are inflicted by the 
rodents and other smaller predators. The 
toll taken by these species runs into the 
hundreds of millions of dollars annually. 
Control of them is one of the most tangi- 
ble means of increasing production and 
profits in agriculture, horticulture, stock- 
raising, and forestry. Execution of the 
control program requires the closest co- 
operation of the Federal and State offi- 
cials and farmers. Operations are needed 
not only cooperatively on private lands, 
but on the public domain, including 
8,000,000 acres of infested national forest 

Probably the most destructive animal 
pest against which the program of con- 
trol is planned is the house rat. In spite 
of the control operations undertaken and 
the warnings sounded in the past, rats 
are a very great economic menace, both 
in destroying growing and stored agricul- 
tural products and other property and in 
spreading bubonic plague and other 

Since the department was given the re- 
sponsibility of rodent control it has had 
the hearty cooperation of thousands of 
farmers and landowners, and thus 
brought about the practical elimination 
of certain rodent pests, including prairie 
dogs, over millions of acres of valuable 
agricultural lands. The 10-year program 
devised should effectively extend the con- 
trol operations. 

Representative Summers, of Washing- 
ton, has introduced a bill (H. R. 15736) 
to suppress unfair and fraudulent prac- 
tices in the marketing of perishable agri- 
cultural commodities in interstate and 
foreign commerce. It would make it un- 
lawful for commission merchants to 
make fraudulent charges in respect to 
perishable products, and would also for- 
bid the dumping of produce without rea- 
sonable cause. Misleading reports as to 
the disposal of consignments would be 
illegal. Provision is made for the licens- 
ing of commission merchants, dealers, 
and brokers, and for the investigation of 
complaints brought against such persons. 
Authority is given to the Secretary of 
Agriculture to suspend or revoke licenses 
for violation, of the bill. 

Amendment of the United States ware- 
house act is provided for in a bill (H. R. 
16031) introduced by Representative 
Haugen, of Iowa. New regulations re- 
garding the bonding of licensed ware- 
housemen are proposed. The Secretary 
of Agriculture would be authorized to 
suspend or revoke licenses upon proof of 
violation of any of the provisions of the 
measure. Levying of unreasonable 
charges and false sampling or grading 
would be grounds for complaint. 

Under a bill (H. R. 15925) introduced 
by Delegate Sutherland, of Alaska, the 
Secretary of Agriculture would be au- 
thorized to furnish subsistence to the em- 
ployees of the department in the Terri- 
tory of Alaska, and to purchase personal 
equipment and supplies for them, with 
provision for deducting the cost thereof 
from money appropriated for salary pay- 

Representative Strong, of Kansas, has 
introduced a bill (H. R. 15726) to in- 
crease the import duty on coconut oil, 
cottonseed oil, peanut oil, soy-bean oil, 
cattle, cattle hides, sheep, goats, dairy 
products, eggs, grains, etc. 

Representative Gambrill, of Maryland, 
has introduced a bill (H. R. 15857) pro- 
viding for the improvement of the 
Waterloo, Jessup, Odenton, and Millers- 
ville Highway, connecting the Washing- 
ton and Baltimore Boulevard with the 
Crain Highway. The bill would author- 
ize an appropriation of $135,000. 

The Senate has passed a bill (H. R. 
53) providing for the collection and 
publication of statistics on tobacco by the 
Department of Agriculture. 

Other bills introduced are: 


S. 5201. — Robinson (Arkansas). Authoriz- 
ing an appropriation for the relief of the 
States of Missouri, Mississippi, Louisiana, and 
Arkansas, on account of damage to or de- 
struction of roads and bridges in the floods 
of 1927. 

S. 5238. — Goff (West Virginia). Authoriz- 
ing the consolidation and coordination of Gov- 
ernment purchases, and enlarging the func- 
tions of the general supply committee. 

S. 5242. — Smoot (Utah). Authorizing the 
continuation in research in certain cases of 
specialists retired from Federal employment on 
account of age. 

S. J. Res. 189. — Ransdell (Louisiana). In- 
terpreting sections 3 and 4 of the Mississippi 
River flood control act of 1928. 


H. R. Res. 367. — La Guardia (New York). 
Froviding for the printing of the Congres- 
sional Record on cornstalk paper. 

H. R. 15725. — Simmons (Nebraska). Pro- 
viding for the acquisition of private lands 
within the Niobrara Reservation. 

H. J. Res. 370. — Crisp (Georgia). Provid- 
ing for the completion of dam No. 2 and the 
steam plant at nitrate plant No. 2, Muscle 
Shoals, Ala. 

H. R. 16078. — Englebright (California). 
Authorizing appropriations necessary for the 
protection of the national forests from fire. 

H. R. 15088. — Colton (Utah). Extending 
the boundaries of Lafayette National Park 
and changing the name to Acadia National 

H' R. 15728. — Sutherland (Alaska). 
Amending the act of June 26, 1906, for the 
protection of fisheries in Alaska. 



(Continued from page 1) 

matter for the department, has been ad- 
vanced to the position of assistant chief 
of the division, in charge of mechanical 
operations. The Division of Publications 
is one of the three units which make up 
the Office of Information, the other two 
being the Press Service and the Radio 

Doctor Merrill came to the department 
in 1924 as director of publications in the 
Forest Service. In 1925 he became as- 
sistant director of what was then the 
Office of Publications, Office of the Secre- 
tary, in charge of scientific and technical 
manuscripts, including those for The 
Journal of Agricultural Research. After 
the Office of Publications was combined 
with the Press Service and Radio Serv- 
ice into the Office of Information, his 
duties were increased to editorial super- 
vision of all the printed bulletins and 
circulars issued by the department. 

He was graduated from Utah Agricul- 
tural College in 1905. In 1912 he received 
the degree of M. S. in botany from the 
University of Chicago ; in 1913 the M. A. 
in chemistry from Harvard ; and in 1915 
the Ph. D. in plant physiology from 
Washington University, St. Louis. His 
experience includes more than three 
years as agricultural inspector and as 
superintendent of the Baguio Experiment 
Station in the Philippine Islands ; two 
years as director of the department of 
agriculture, Idaho Technical Institute; 
five years as head of the department of 
horticulture, Utah Agricultural College; 
and two years as dean of the college of 
applied science, Brigham Young Univer- 

Mr. Smith has been connected with the 
publishing business for more than 30 
years. In the private field he has owned 
and edited several newspapers in the 
State of Pennsylvania. In the Govern- 
ment service he has held various trade 
and administrative positions. For the 
last several years, as administrative as- 
sistant to the chief of the Division of 
Publications, he has been in charge of 
the production of printing for the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture and of all the rela- 
tions of the department with the Govern- 
ment Printing Office, the central printing 
establishment of the Government. In his 
new position he will continue in charge 
of these relations, with a broadening of 
duties. He represents the Department 
of Agriculture on the Permanent Confer- 
ence on Printing of the Bureau of the 
Budget, and is secretary of the confer- 

Issuance of a revised and amended 
edition of the standardized Government 
travel regulations, effective March 1, is 
announced by the Bureau of the Budget 
in its circular No. 248 of December 19. 
Supplies of the new issue will be distrib- 
uted to bureaus and offices of this de- 
partment when received. 

Some of the soils of Alaska are derived 
from peat or acid and require liming and 
drainage. Some of the light Alaskan 
soils are productive only when well 
fertilized. The freight charges on de- 
livering chemical fertilizers into Alaska 
are necessarily so high that extensive 
use of such fertilizers is impractical, and 
the local supply of manure is small. 
Seaweed collected along the coast is used 
as a fertilizer for many crops in the Ter- 
ritory, and this fertilizer material is 
supplemented by fish scraps, dead fish, 
and fish guano that is manufactured 



Issued Every Thursday from ihe Press Service 

Washington, D. C. 

The Official Recobd is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents. 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the chief of bureau 
or office officially concerned with the subject 
matter. Copy must be received before Thurs- 
day in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. The office or 
The Official Record is at 215 Thirteenth 
Street SW., in the Press Service. Telephone : 
MatD 4650, branch 242. 




Workers in the field of political sci- 
ence are beginning to take active inter- 
est in the subject of the farmer and 
his local government. In the course of 
meetings held in Chicago during the 
holidays, which were separate meetings 
of various associations, a group of stu- 
dents of political science met jointly 
with agricultural economists and rural 
sociologists. This joint meeting was a 
result of the interest and efforts of 
Theodore B. Manny, a senior economist 
of the division of farm population and 
rural life, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics. As a result of this joint meet- 
ing in December in Chicago, it is prob- 
able that the three associations special- 
izing in the three fields — political sci- 
ence, agricultural economics, and rural 
sociology — will hold another joint meet- 
ing a year hence, if all three associa- 
tions meet at the same time and the 
same place. Doctor Manny says that re- 
search projects in the direction of im- 
proving rural government which might 
be initiated under the Purnell Act, 
would gain much from having the serv- 
ices of scientists in the field of politics, 
inasmuch as there has been some ques- 
tion as to the advisability of economists 
and sociologists stepping over into the 
field of political science. 


C. W. Warburton, director of exten- 
sion work, sailed for Porto Rico on 
Thursday, January 10, to represent Sec- 
retary Jardine on the Porto Kico Hurri- 
can Relief Commission designated to ad- 
minister funds authorized by Congress 
for the rehabilitation of Porto Rican ag- 
riculture. The commission consists of 
the Secretary of War, chairman ; the Sec- 
retary of the Treasury ; and the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture. The Secretary of 
War is being represented by Maj. C .S. 
Kidley of the Engineer Corps, and the 
Secretary of the Treasury by A. G. Red- 
path, special assistant to the Undersec- 

retary of the Treasury. The representa- 
tives of the three departments will study 
together the conditions in the island and 
present a plan for the administration of 
the funds authorized. 

The joint resolution of Congress — H. J. 
Resolution 352 — creating this commis- 
sion, which was approved December 21, 
1928, authorized the appropriation of 
$6,000,000 to provide funds for the re- 
planting and rehabilitation of Porto 
Rican areas damaged by the hurricane 
of September 13 and 14. Under the reso- 
lution, loans, not in excess of $25,000 to 
any one individual, may be made to cof- 
fee planters, coconut planters, fruit grow- 
ers, and other agriculturists on the island 
who suffered loss, the loans to run not 
more than 10 years. An apropriation of 
$100,000 is authorized for the purchase 
and distribution of seeds and seedlings, 
particularly of food crops. For rebuild- 
ing and repair of school houses and for 
reconstruction and repair of insular and 
rural municipal roads, $2,000,000 is au- 

The organization recently of a dairy 
herd improvement association in Chester 
County, S. C, gives that State such 
an association for the first time since 
1921, says J. B. Parker, associate dairy 
husbandman, Bureau of Dairy Industry, 
who assisted in organizing the Chester 
County association among the Guernsey 
breeders of the county. 

A mailing envelope containing a number 
of copies of The Official Record of 
January 3, with the address frank torn 
off, has been returned by the post office 
to the press service, Office of Informa- 
tion, Washington. If an office failed to 
receive its quota of that issue of The 
Official Record, the press service will 
remail if notified. 

Nuisance To-Day — Friend To-Morrow! 

The farmer of the future will find it 
worth while to make the lower forms 
of life work for him, said Dr. Edwin 
E. Slosson, Washington, D. C, director 
of Science Service (Inc.), a private 
service of information for the press, at 
one of the recent meetings in New York 
of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science. " He has 
heretofore regarded molds and maggots, 
bacteria and fungi, in the light of ene- 
mies to be eradicated," he said. " He 
may turn them into his slaves, as in the 
early days of husbandry the wolf was 
converted into the shepherd dog. Such 
minute creatures grow faster, live 
cheaper, require less room, and repro- 
duce more rapidly than the higher 
plants and animals. Microbes that dou- 
ble in size and number every 20 min- 
utes beat Belgian hares in the art of 
multiplication. Starting with sawdust 
or waste molasses and ammonia made 
from the air, it is possible to make all 
manner of fats and proteins and fla- 
vors by the aid of micro-organisms. Al- 
ready this field is being entered. The 
modern development of chemistry has 
strong political consequences. It pro- 
motes natural independence and at the 
same time breaks down natural mo- 
nopoly. The effect of the synthetic re- 
gime in sbortcircuiting natural proc- 
esses and multiplying the resources of 
raw Materials, has brought industries 
and countries into unexpected competi- 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for Broadcast During the 
Week Beginning Monday, January 21. 

The noonday network radio program 
of the Department of Agriculture is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m., eastern 
standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m., cen- 
tral standard time; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m., 
mountain time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Co. : KFKX. Chicago : 
KDKA, Pittsburgh; KSTP, St. Paul; 
WOW, Omaha; WDAF, Kansas City; 
KWK, St. Louis; KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI. 
San Antonio; WSM, Nashville; WSB. 
Atlanta ; KOA, Denver ; WMC. Memphis ; 
WLW, Cincinnati; WRC. Washington: 
WOC, Davenport; and WFAA, Dallas. 
Speakers and subjects for next week are : 

Monday, January 21 

The Farm Woods a Savings Bank. — W. R. 
Mattoon, extension forester, Forest Service. 

Some Lessons from Official Testing of 
Dairt Cows. — M. H. Fohrman, senior dairy 
husbandman, dairy breeding investigations. 
Bureau of Dairy Industry. 

Tuesday, January 22 

What Three Tears of Farm Mortgage 
Foreclosure Statistics Show. — Dr. L. C 
Gray, in charge division of land economics, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Wednesday, January 23 

The Northeastern Agricultural Situa- 
tion. — Dr. V. B. Hart, farm-management 
demonstrator, Cornell University. 

The Pacific Coast Agricultural Situa- 
tion. — Dr. H. R. Wellman. farm-management 
demonstrator, Eniversity of California. 

Thursday, January 24 

The Northwestern Agricultural Situa- 
tion. — R. L. Donovan, farm-management 
demonstrator. Eniversity of Minnesota. 

The Southeastern Agricultural Situa- 
tion. — Kenneth Treanor, farm-management 
demonstrator, Eniversity of Georgia. 

Friday, January 25 

The Corn Belt Agricultural Situation. — 
H. C. M. Case, in charge department of farm 
organization and management, University of 

The Rocky Mountain and Great Plains 
Agricultural Situation. — T. H. Summers, 
farm-management demonstrator, Colorado 
Agricultural College. 

Every tree is beautiful, every grove is 
pleasant, and every forest is grand. The 
planting and care of trees is exhilarating 
and a pledge of faith in the future. But 
these esthetic features, though elevating, 
are incidental. The people need wood. — 
Former Secretary James Wilson. 

An entomologist of the staff of the al- 
falfa-weevil field laboratory of the Bu- 
reau of Entomology recently traveled by 
freight train from Ogden to Salt Lake 
City, to observe the reactions of adult 
weevils under the conditions existing in 
freight cars in transit. 

Not less than 60 per cent of the whole- 
sale trading in fruits and vegetables is 
now done on the basis of the national 
standard grades which have been issued 
by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
for 38 fruits and vegetables. 



Bureau of the Budget 

Assignment of Co!. Frank L. Wells to Temporary Dnty 
as Coordinator of Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Areas 

In accordance with the provisions of Cir- 
cular No. 15, Bureau of the Budget, dated 
July 27, 1921, and upon the recommendation 
of the War Department, Col. Frank L. Wells 
United States Army, is hereby assigned to 
temporary duty as Coordinator, Fifth. Sixth, 
and Seventh Areas, with station at Chicago, 
vice Lieut. Col. Henry M. Nelly, deceased. By 
direction of the President. 

— H. M. Loed, Director. 

Circulars of the Office of Personnel and Business 

Supplementing P. B. A. Circular No. 108, " Petroleum 
Containers Leaned to the Department " 

P. B. A. Circular No. Ill — December 19, 
1928. — The General Accounting Office has 
drawn the attention of the Department to 
the fact that contracts for the 'purchase of 
hydrogen gas which stipulate weekly or 
monthly rental of containers for indefinite 
terms beyond the free-loan period, contravene 
rulings of the Comptroller General, citing 3 
Comp. Gen., 140, and 5 Comp. Gen., 450. 
The principle is equally applicable to contrac- 
tor-owned metal containers for gasoline and 

To prevent recurrence of this defect, specifi- 
cations for bids on material deliverable in 
contra ctor-owned metal containers should 
hereafter contain substantially the following 
clause : 

" Cylinders (or containers) owned by the 
contractor shall be loaned free of rental 
charges for a period of 90 days after date of 
receipt of cylinders (or containers) at the 
Government point of use, and a rental of — ■ 
cents a month will be paid for their use by 
the Government after the 90-day period for 
not to exceed a — day period ; and all 
cylinders not returned to the contractor with- 
in the periods of free use and rental will be 

paid for at the rate of $ each, all rental 

charges in such cases to be applied as part of 
said price, and the Government to own the 
cylinders (or containers) outright. (Bidder 
will fill in the blanks in the foregoing para- 

The 90-day free-loan period above indicated 
is not absolute, but subject to the provision 
in P. B. A. Circular No. 108 : " Invitations 
to bid on petroleum products should specify 
a 90-day period for retention of containers 
unless a longer time is clearly necessary in 
special cases." 

— W. W. Stockberger, Director. 

Arrearage and Irregularity in Forwarding Retirement 
Deductions from Compensation of Employees Paid by 
Cooperating Agencies. (An unnumbered circular) 

Chiefs of Bureaus and Offices: 

Arrearage and irregularity in the forward- 
ing of retirement deductions from the compen- 
sation of employees of the department paid by 
cooperative agencies continue to be of not in- 
frequent occurrence. This is not only incon- 
sistent with the retirement law, which requires 
deduction contemporaneously with payment, 
but burdens both the department and the Bu- 
reau of Pensions with substantial additional 
work. The irregular payments must be spe- 
cially recorded in the department and tran- 
script furnished at employee's separation to 
the Bureau of Pensions, wherein separate 
interest computations are required on each 

Bureaus whose personnel includes employees 
paid by cooperators are therefore urged to in- 
sist upon the punctual transmittal, at the end 
of each month, of the retirement contributions 
from such employees. Instances of neglect 
should be vigorously followed up, and it 
should be given out as the policy of the de- 
partment not to tolerate repeated disregard 
of the requirement. 

To facilitate the maintenance of the indis- 
pensable records of retirement deductions from 
compensation paid by cooperators, it is re- 
quested that a slip * (the form and text of 
which is given here below, and supplies of 
which may be obtained from Mr. P. L. Glad- 
mon, chief personnel officer of the depart- 
ment), be filled out and forwarded to the 
chief personnel officer of the department at 

the same time the deductions are transmitted 
from the bureaus to the disbursing clerk of 
the department, on Forms 1044. 

— W. A. Jump, Acting Director. 
January 3 


U. S. Department of Agriculture, 

Bureau op 


Chief Personnel Officer, 

Department of Agriculture. 
Sir : There is being transmitted to Mr. A. 
Zappone, disbursing clerk, Department of 
Agriculture, (draft, money order, check) No. 

drawn on the 

in the amount of $ , representing 

3% per cent retirement deductions from 

the cooperative salary of at 

? per annum for the period of 

to be deposited to the credit 

of the Civil Service Retirement and Dis- 
ability Fund. 


Accounting Officer. 


Barclay, Alec, senior lay inspector, Bureau 
of Animal Industry, was retired on account 
of age December 6, at the age of 62. He was 
appointed in this department in 1906, and 
served continuously in it until retirement, a 
period of 22 years. 

Cloud, Joel E., assistant veterinarian, 
Bureau of Animal Industry, was retired on 
account of age December 31, at the age of 
70. He was appointed in this department in 
1900, and served continuously in it until 
retirement, a period of 28 years. 

Fallon, John, senior lay inspector, Bureau 
of Animal Industry, was retired on account 
of age December 22, at the age of 67. He was 
appointed in this department in 1907, serving 
only a few months, when he resigned. He 
was reinstated in 1912 and was continuously 
employed until retirement. His total service 
was more than 16 years. 

Jeken, Frederic J., assistant forest super- 
visor, Forest Service, was retired on account 
of age, December 7, at the age of 62. He 
was appointed in the Department of the In- 
terior in 1903, serving therein until 1905, when 
he was transferred to this department, being 
continuously employed until retirement. His 
total service in the Government amounted to 
more than 24 years. 

Kenny, Patrick, senior lay inspector, Bu- 
reau of Animal Industry, was retired on 
account of age, December 7, at the age of 62. 
He was appointed in this department in 1906 
and resigned in 1918 to accept outside em- 
ployment. He was reinstated in the depart- 
ment in 1919 and again resigned in 1921. 
Late in 1921 he was again reinstated, serving 
continuously until retirement. His total serv- 
ice in the department was more than 20 years. 

Molloy, John J., senior lay inspector, Bu- 
reau of Animal Industry, was retired on ac- 
count of age November 30, at the age of 70. 
He was appointed in this department in 1895, 
serving continuously in it until retirement, a 
period of more than 33 years. 

Noone, Thomas, senior lay inspector, Bureau 
of Animal Industry, was retired on account of 
age October 31, at the age of 64. He was ap. 
pointed in this department in 1906, serving 
continuously in it until retirement, a period of 
more than 22 years. 



At its January 3 meeting the Boston U. S. 
D. A. Club elected the following officers for 
1929 : A. F. Burgess, in charge of moth work, 
plant quarantine, and control administration, 
president ; and R. S. Clifton, in charge of the 
Boston quarantine station, European corn- 
borer control, secretary. Seven bureaus are 
actively represented in the membership of the 
club. The club was organized in 1921 and 
is now in a flourishing condition. Officials of 
the department who may be visiting Boston 
are cordially invited to attend the meetings 
and luncheons, the next of which will be at 
12.30, February 14. Room 50, 12 South Market 
Street, Boston. 

The Official Record has a "Questions and 
Answers " department which runs under that 
heading. Questions of sufficient general inter- 
est to the people of the department as a whole 
will be answered therein if sent to the editor. 


ASSISTANT AGRONOMIST (cotton), $2,600 to 
$3,100. — Applications must be on file with the 
I nitcd States Civil Service Commission at 
Washington, D. C, not later than February 
6. A vacancy in the Bureau of Plant Indus- 
try, at Sacaton, Ariz., and vacancies occur- 
ring in positions requiring similar qualifica- 
tions for duty in the field, at entrance salaries 
ranging from $2,600 to $3,100 a year, vary- 
ing with conditions obtaining at the head- 
quarters where the vacancy occurs, will be 
filled from this examination, unless it is found 
in the interest of the service to fill any 
vacancy by reinstatement, transfer, or promo- 
tion. In filling vacancies in this position 
certification will be made of the highest eli- 
gibles on the register who have not expressed 
unwillingness to accept appointment where 
the vacancy exists. The duties are planting 
and caring for numerous progenies of selected 
cotton plants, making self and cross pollina- 
tions, making various measurements of the 
plants, harvesting the bolls from self and 
cross pollinations and measuring the fiber 
and seed characters after the cotton is har- 
vested, making extensive mathematical com- 
putations of the resulting data, conducting 
studies on the value and adaptation of various 
cotton varieties in the varying soils and cli- 
mate of the Southwestern United States. Ap- 
plicants must have been graduated from a 
college or university of recognized standing, 
with major work in agronomy or related 
branches of botanical science ; and, in addi- 
tion, must have had at least two years' experi- 
ence in the production of crops, including cot- 
ton, under irrigation conditions of the South- 
western States. Additional credit will be 
given for experience in methods of cotton 

MARKETING SPECIALIST (wool), $3,800 to $4,400- 
WOOL TECHNOLOGIST, $3,800 to $4,400.— Applica- 
tions must be on file with the Civil Service 
Commission at Washington, D. C, not later 
than February 20. The examinations are to 
fill vacancies in the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics in Washington, D. C, or in the 
field. The duties of marketing specialists 
(wool) are as follows: Under general super- 
vision, to supervise and be directly responsible 
for investigational and service work relating 
to the standardization, demonstration, and 
grading of wool and mohair, including the 
determination of the characteristics and fac- 
tors that enter into the standardization of 
these commodities ; and to represent the bureau 
in establishing and maintaining contacts with 
local, State, regional, and national marketing 
and manufacturing associations and other in- 
terests for thece purposes. The duties of wool 
technologists are : To plan, outline, organize 
and conduct, under general direction, scien- 
tific and technological research in the various 
phases of marketing and standardization of 
wool with a view to ascertaining the prac- 
ticability and feasibility of the establishment 
of standards for this commodity ; to repre- 
sent the bureau in establishing and maintain- 
ing contacts with State and other interests 
cooperating with and carrying on similar 
work ; and to prepare for use and publication 
the results of the investigations conducted. 

$2, COO. — Applications must be on file with the 
Civil Service Commission at Washington, D. C, 
not later than February 19. The examination 
is to fill vacancies in the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics, in Washington, D. C, or in 
the field. The entrance salary is indicated 
above ; higher-salaried positions are filled 
through promotion. The duties will be to 
sample and assist in sampling grain under 
the direction of a supervisor, to identify and 
report upon all kinds of damage and odor 
in grain, and all " plugged " or fraudulently 
loaded cars. 

Full information may be obtained from the 
United States Civil Service Commission,, Wash- 
ington, D. C, or from the secretary of the 
United States Civil Service Board of Exam- 
iners at tlie post office or customhouse in any 

Chippewa, Iowa, Fond du Lac, and 
Waushara Counties have been added to 
the county agent list in Wisconsin 
through the action of the county boards. 
Waupaca has voted the funds necessary 
to maintain a county club leader for the 
next two years. This now makes a total 
of 57 out of 71 counties in Wisconsin or- 
ganized for county extension work. 



FARMS. (Farmers' Bulletin 1589-F.) By George 
W. Collier, associate agricultural economist, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics ; W. R. 
Humphries, senior engineering aide. Bureau 
of Public Roads ; and E. W. McComas, as- 
sistant animal husbandman. Bureau of Ani- 
mal Industry. P. 21. Figures. December 

Shredding is most important in districts 
and on farms where there is a shortage of 
hay and straw for roughage. To operate a 
husker-shredder economically one should shred 
about 45 acres per season with the 2-roll size, 
70 acres with the 4-roll, 90 acres with the 
6-roll, 110 acres with the 8-roll. and 135 acres 
of corn per season with the 10-roll shredder, 
say the writers. These facts and other im- 
portant information are presented in this bul- 
letin, which contains the results of investiga- 
tions made cooperatively by the Bureaus of 
Agricultural Economics, Public Roads, and 
Animal Industry. 

cular 60-C.) By E. H. Wiecking, associate 
economic analyst, division of land economics. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. P. 64. 
Figs. December 1928. 

One of a series of periodic reports on the 
farm real estate situation that has been is- 
sued from the division of land economics. 
The author states : " Observation of the main 
trends in the farm real estate situation dur- 
ing 1927 and the early months of 1928, shows 
that here and there rather encouraging de- 
velopments have taken place. The available 
evidence is rather clear, however, that, tak- 
ing the country as a whole, conditions in the 
farm real estate market are still unsatisfac- 
tory." The geographic divisions are consid- 
ered separately and are compared. 

"SHELLINGS" OF ROUGH RICE. (Circalar 48-C.) 
By W. D. Smith, senior marketing specialist, 
grain division. Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics. P. 19. Figs. October 1928. 
The author describes an apparatus which 
he has devised. In the past the methods of 
making shellings have varied and in conse- 
quence the results have varied also. This de- 
vice makes it possible to apply a standard, 
unvarying test to determine hardness or mill- 
ing quality of rough rice, and a test of this 
kind makes it possible to grade rice for the 
factor of milling quality in a more satis- 
factory way than has heretofore been possible. 

(Circular 46-C.) By James W. Kelly, junior 
biochemist, office of drug, poisonous, and oil 
plants, Bureau of Plant Industry. P. 10. 
Figs. October 1928. 

The demand for wind-blown pollens for the 
treatment of hay fever is increasing steadily, 
and people in considerable numbers are be- 
coming interested in the possibilities of mak- 
ing money in collecting pollen. This circular 
presents practical methods for obtaining pollen 
from various types of plants. 


No. 9. November 1, 1928. il. contexts : 

Time-temperature relations in different 

types of peach-rot infection. (G-649.) 

Charles Brooks and J. S. Cooley. 

Development of the bacteria causing wilt 

in the alfalfa plant as influenced by 

growth and winter injury. (G—642.) 

Fred Reuel Jones. 

MATERIALS. (Statistical Bulletin 24-S.) Prepared 
by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
P. 88. September, 1928. 

DRUGS ACT. (N. J., F. D., 15601-15650.) P. 
337-359. December 1928. 

(From F. 0. Soil., 1923.) By Robert Wilder- 
muth, TJ. S. Department ot Agriculture, and 
J. W. Stack and J. O. Veatch, Michigan 
Agricultural Experiment Station. P. 30. 
Fig. Map. 

reau of Animal Industry No. 258. Ociober 1928. 

P. 83-92. November 1928. 

October 1928. 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C, has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the 
department's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 



The Granite farmer. A journal of the farm, 
shop and school, v. 2-3, Jan. 8, 1851-Dec. 
29, 1852. Manchester, N. H., 1851-52. 

Rhode Island agricultural conference. Re- 
port of 1st, 1924. Providence, R. I., 1925. 


Colorado fuel and iron company. Market re- 
search dept. Modern methods of hog rais- 
ing. Denver, 1928. 

Moller, Heinrich. Klinische diagnostik der 
ausseren krankheiten der haustiere. Ed. 3. 
Stuttgart, P. Enke, 1894. 

Muratori, Mario. Alcune importantl razze bo- 
vine delle Venezie. Venezia, Ferrari, 1922. 

Schnell, Adolf. Chemische untersuchungen 
iiber den loss von Sprendlingen (Rhein- 
hessen). Giessen, Meyer, 1928. Diss. 


International nitrogen conference. 2d. On 
board S. S. " Luetzow ", Adriatic Sea, 1928. 
Proceedings, [n. p. 1928.] Mimeographed. 


American society of agricultural engineers. 
Power and machinery division. Present 
status of " combine " harvesting. St. 
Joseph, The Society, 1928. 

Deutsche landwirtschafts-gesellschaft, Berlin. 
Betriebs-abteilung. Arbeitsverfahren und 
arbeitsleistungen in der landwirtschaft. 
Berlin, 1928. (Arbeiten der Deutschen 
landwirtschaftsgesellschaft, hft. 360.) 


Hildebrandt, Alfred. Die entwicklung des 
deutschen zuckerriibenbaues. [Bonn?], 
Scheur, 1928. Inaug.-diss. Berlin. 

Ukraine. Sortovodno-semennoe upravlenie 
sakharotresta. Results of the varietal tests 
with sugar beet in 1927, in connection with 
the preceding ones, from the works of the 
Plant breeding and seed growing directo- 
rate of the sugar trust. Kiev, Sugar trust, 


De La Mare, A. T., ed. Garden guide. Ed. 
5. New York, De La Mare, 1928., 

Hort, Sir A. F. The unconventional garden. 
London, Arnold. 1928. 

Rijn, J. J. L. van. Die gemiise- und friih- 
kartoffelzueht in Italien. Berlin. Preus- 
sische statistisches landesamts, 1928. 

Sherlock, C. C. City and suburban garden- 
ing. New York. De La Mare. 1928. 

Tiroceo, G. B. II tulipano. Catania, Bat- 
■tiato, 1928. (Monografie agrarie e zootech- 
niche. n. 142.) 


British Empire forestry conference. 2d, Ot- 
tawa, 1923. Proceedings and resolutions, 
with brief description of tours. Ottawa, 
Acland, 1927. 

Lutz, H. J. Trends and silvicultural signifi- 
cance of upland forest successions in south- 
ern New England. New naven, Yale uni- 
versity, 1928. 

Barnes, II. T. Ice engineering. Montreal, 
Renouf, 1928. 


Kohne. W. W. Beitriige zur grimdwasserkundo. 
Berlin, Mittler, 1927. 

Stanislaus, I. V. S.. and Meerbott, P. B. 
American soap maker's guide. New York, 
Baird, 1928. 


Edible gelatin manufacturers research society 
of America. Standard methods for determin- 
ing viscosity and jelly strength of gelatin. 
[New York? 1928?] 


Groves, E. R. The child and the home. Chape] 
Hill, 1928. ([North Carolina. University]. 
University extension division. University 
of North Carolina extension bulletin, vol. 7, 
no. 11) 


Emerson, F. V. Agricultural geology. Ed. 
2. New York, Wiley, 1928. 

Braun-Blanquet, Josias. Pflanzensoziologie, 
grundziige der vegetationskunde. Berlin, J. 
Springer, 1928. (Biologisehe studienbiicher, 
hrsg. von Walther Schoenichen, 7) 


International labour office. Geneva. Migra- 
tion movements, 1920-1924. Geneva. Lon- 
don. King, 1926. (Its Studies and re- 
ports, Series O (Migration) no. 2) 

Jones. J. M. Agricultural economics in 
Wales. Aberystwyth, 1928. 

North Dakota. Agricultural college. Agri- 
cultural extension dept. North Dakota 
agricultural economic conferences. Basic 
information. Fargo, 1928. 

Social science research council. Advisory 
committee on social and economic research 
in agriculture. Research method and pro- 
cedure in agricultural economics. [n. p.] 
1928. Mimeographed. 


Institucion catalana de historia natural. 

Butlleti. bi-monthly, ser. 2, v. 8, no. 1-2, 

Jan-Feb. 1928. Barcelona. 
The Island cow. quarterly, no. 1- June 

1928— Jersey, Channel Islands. 
Journal of economic and business history. 

quarterly, v. 1, no. 1- Nov. 1928- 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Mid-west sportsman, monthly, v. 1, no. 1- 

June 1928- Kansas City, Mo. 



Arizona. — Karl Harris, for three years con- 
nected with Gila College, has been appointed 
county agent in Graham County. Hortense 
White has been appointed home-demonstration 
agent in Graham and Greenlee Counties and 
Bertha J. Virmond in Santa Cruz and Cochise 

Indiana. — Walter V. Kell, assistant county- 
agent leader for the State, has resigned to 
become educational director of the Chilean 
Nitrate Corporation. H. H. Lett, county agent 
in Daviess County, has resigned to take a 
similar position iii Illinois. Leon Todd, who 
has been connected with Michigan State Col- 
lege for a year and a half, has been appointed 
poultry specialist. Elizabeth D. Barnard, a 
high-school teacher, has been appointed home- 
demonstration agent in Lake County. 

New Jersey. — Mrs. Catherine H. Griebel, ex- 
tension clothing specialist : Helen II. Powell, 
assistant extension clothing specialist : and 
Richard O. Rice, assistant county agent, 
Passaic County, have resigned. 

Michigan. — L. F. Livingston, project leader 
in agricultural engineering, has resigned to 
accept a commercial position. George Girr- 
bach, extension dairyman, has resigned to take 
graduate work in Michigan State College. 
Ruth M. Ketcham has been appointed club 
agent for Calhoun County. 

North Carolina. — James M. Gray, assistant 
director of extension, has resigned to enter 
commercial work ; and C. A. Sheffield, formerly 
county agent in Davidson County, has been 
appointed assistant to the director. Maude E. 
Wallace, assistant State home-demonstration 
agent, has resigned to become State home-dem- 
onstration agent in Virginia. 

Wisconsin. — George F. Baumeister, for the 
last four years engaged in farming in Illinois, 
has been appointed county agent in Shawano 
County to succeed A. C'. Murphy, resigned. 
Leslie". T. Merriam, county agent of Walworth 
County for the past eight years, has been 
transferred to Dane County to take the place 
of Milton II. Button, resigned to become secre- 
tary of the Holstein Friesian Breeders' Associa- 


Articles and Written Addresses by 

Department People in Outside 


Agricultural Economics 

Coombs. W. State income tax and real estate. 

National Income Tax Magazine, Dec. 1928, 

p. 454. 
Meloy, G. S. Chemistry adds $250,000,000 

to cotton crop. N. Y. Tribune Herald, Dec. 

9, 1928, pt. 3, p. 4. 

Animal Industry 

Price, E. W. [Case of spurious parasitism.] 
Jrn. Parasitol., v. 15, No. 1, p. 72, Sept., 

A note on Schistosoma bonfordi Mont- 
gomery, 1906, and S. turkestanicum Skrja- 
bin, 1916. Ibid, p. 68. 

Occurrence of Prohemistomum appen- 

diculatum in the United States. Ibid., p. 

Two new nematode worms from 
rodents. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. (2749), v. 
74, art. 4, p. 1-5. [Issued Nov. 10, 1928.] 

Schwartz, B. Gastro-intestinal parasites of 
equines and control measures. Jrn. Am. 
Vet. Med. Assn., v. 73 (n. s. v. 26), No. 7, 
p. 855-870. Nov. 1928. 

A new species of trichostrongylid 

worm of the genus Cooperia from the cara- 
bao in the Philippine Islands, with a review 
of the genus. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. (2765), 
v. 74, art. 20, p. 1-5, 1928. 

Occurrence of larval tapeworms belong- 
ing to the genus Tetrathyridium in a baboon 
(Papio procarius). Jrn. Parasitol., v. 15, 
No. 1, p. 67. Sept. 1928. 

Occurrence of larval tapeworms in the 

liver, lungs, spleen, kidneys, omentum, and 
heart of the squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis). 
Ibid., p. 67. 

Occurrence of Taenia in the liver of 

the giraffe. Ibid., p. 67. 

[Ostertagia houdemeri from Cervulus 

niuntjac] [Correction to his article in Jrn. 
Parasitol., v. 13, No. 1, p. 25-28.] Ibid., 
p. 73. 

Tilley, F. W., and Schaffer, J. M. Chemical 
constitution and germicidal activity of 
amines, ketones, and aldehydes. Jrn. Bact., 
v. 16, No. 4, p. 279-285. Oct. 1928. 

Biological Survey 

Bell, W. B. Alaska's reindeer-caribou. Amer- 
ican Forests and Forest Life, vol. 35, No. 1, 
p. 16-20, illus. Jan. 1929. 

Earnshaw, Frank L. Game and fish law de- 
partment — Game legislation in 1929. Field 
and Stream, vol. 33, No. 9, p. 80-81. Jan. 

Gabrielson, Ira N. Jumping Jack's jaunts 
and journeys. Outdoor Life, vol. 63, p. 
20-21, 66-67, illus. Jan. 1929. 

Porky : A serious menace to timber 

production. Forest and Stream, vol. 99 
No. 1, p. 22-23, 58, illus. Jan. 1929. 

Jewett, Stanley G. Lake County [Oreg.] — 
the sportsman's mecca. Oregon Out-o-doors, 
vol. 1, No. 2. p. 8, 15, illus. Nov. 1928. 

Munch, James C. The toxicity of thallium 
sulphate. Journ. Amer. Pharm. Assoc, vol. 
17. No. 11„ p. 1086-1093. Nov. 1928. 

Sheldon, H. P. The over and under gun. 
Field and Stream, vol. 33, No. 9, p. 55-56, 
illus. Jan. 1929. 

Forest Service 

Ashe, W. W. Notes on southeastern woodv 
plants. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical 
Club, v. 55, No. 8, p. 463-466. Nov. 1928 

Baird, P. K. Bleaching of wood pulp, 6 
Paper Mill and Wood Pulp News, v. 51, 
No. 45, p. 9-16, 44. Nov. 10, 1928. 

Browne, F. L. Moisture content swelling of 
wood. Veneers, v. 22, No. 12, p. 25-°6 
illus. Dec. 5, 1928. 

Buell, J. H. What can be done with south- 
ern Appalachian cut-over areas? Southern 
Lumberman, No. 1734, p. 211-212 Dec 
22, 1928. 

Curran, C. E. Hardwoods for pulp and paper. 
Paper Mill and Wood Pulp News, v. 51, 
No. 46, p. 12-14, 38, 40. Nov. 17, 1928. 

Demmon, E. L. Forest research in the South. 
Southern Lumberman, No. 1734, p. 209-211, 
illus. Dec. 22, 1928. 

Heritage, C. C. and Monsson, W. II. Record- 
ing the history of pulpwood. Paper Trade 
Journal, v. 87, No. 18, p. 52-55, Nov. 1, 

Heritage, C. C, and others. The semisul- 
phite process. Paper Trade Journal, v. 87, 
No. 17, p. 129-130, Oct. 25, 1928. 

Hursh. C. R. Litter keeps forest soil pro- 
ductive. Southern Lumberman. No. 1734, 
p. 219-221, illus. Dec. 22, 1928. 

Hutchinson, W. I. The land of the ancient 
forest. Nature Magazine, v. 12, No. 4, p. 
256-258, illus. Oct. 1928. 

Monsson, W. H., and Chidester, G. H. 
Pulping eastern hemlocks by sulphite pro- 
cess. Paper Trade Journal, v. 87, No. 20, 
p. 45^7. Nov. 15, 1928. 

Putnam, J. A. The occurrence of heartwood 
and figure in red gum. Southern Lumber- 
man, No. 1734, p. 204-206, illus. Dec. 22, 

Putnam, J. A. Butt swell in southern swamp 
hardwoods. Southern Lumberman, No. 
1734, p. 213-215, illus. Dec. 22, 1928. 

Ritter, G. J., and Chidester, G. H. The 
microstructure of a wood-pulp fiber. Paper 
Trade Journal, v. 87, No. 17, p. 131-137, 
illus. Oct. 25, 1928. 

Vining, L. D. Damage resulting from recent 
Florida hurricane to second-growth tur- 
pentine timber. Naval Stores Review, v. 
38, No. 37, p. 14, illus. Dec. 15, 1928. 

Wakeley, P. C Testing the quality of pine 
seed. Southern Lumberman, No. 1734, p. 
222, illus. Dec. 22. 1928. 

Wilson, T. R. C. Some tests of end-matched 
lumber. Southern Lumberman, No. 1734, p. 
197-202, illus. Dec. 22, 1928. 

Wyman, L. Conservative turpentining the 
key to forest prosperity. Southern Lum- 
berman, No. 1734, p. 221-222, illus. Dec. 
22, 1928. 

Plant Industry 

Beattie, J. H. Prevention of wind damage 
to crops on peat soils. First International 
Congress of Soil Science Proceedings and 
Papers 4 (1927). p. 791-797. 1928. 

Blake, S. F. Notes on Aster. Rhodora, vol. 
30, p. 226-228. Nov. 1928. 

Breazeale, J. F. Soil zeolites and plant 
growth. Arizona Agricultural Experiment 
Station Technical Bulletin, 21, p. 499-520. 
June 1928. 

Charles, V. K. Mrs. Flora Wambaugh Pat- 
terson. Mycologia, vol. 21, p. 1-4. Jan.- 
Feb. 1929. 

Clark, J. A. and Smith, R. W. Inheritance 
in Nodak and Kahla durum wheat crosses 
for rust resistance, yield, and quality at 
Dickinson, North Dakota. Journal Ameri- 
can Society of Agronomy, vol. 20, p. 1297- 
1304. Dec. 1928. 

Clark, J. A. ; and Parker, J. H. ; and Wal- 
dron, L. R. Registration of improved 
wheat varieties III. Journal American So- 
ciety of Agronomy vol. 20, p. 1318-1322. 
Dec. 1928. 

Garner, W. W. Elementos mundiales que 
influyen en la industria tabacalera de la 
America Latina. Revista Agricultura Pu- 
erto Rico, vol. 21, p. 181-187. Nov. 1928. 

Harlan, H. V. ; Wiggans, R. G. ; and New- 
man, L. H. Barley varieties registered II. 
Journal American Society of Agronomy, 
vol. 20, p. 1326-1328. Dec. 1928. 

Jenkins, A. E., and Horsfall, J. G. A com- 
parison of two species of Plectodiscella. 
Mycologia, vol. 21, p. 44-51. Jan.-Feb. 

Oakley, R. A., and Westover, H. L. Utili- 
zation of alfalfa. South Dakota Farmer 
and Breeder, vol 51, p. 379-386. Dec. 15, 

Stanton, T. R., Love, H. H., and Gaines, 
E. F. Registration of varieties and strains 
of oats III. Journal American Society of 
Agronomy, vol. 20, p. 1323-1352. Dec. 1928. 

Steiner, G. The nemic population of the 
soil. First International Congress of Soil 
Science Proceedings and Papers 3 (1927), 
p. 360-366. Washington, 1928. 

Stevens, H. E. Suggestions for reducing 
losses from stem-end rot. Citrus Industry, 
vol. 9, no. 12, p. 10, 27. Dec. 1928. 

Thorne G. The place of alfalfa in fighting 
nematode. Through the Leaves, vol. 16, 
p. 508. Dec. 1928. 

Westover, H. L. A national view of the 
adaptation of domestic alfalfa seed. Seed 
World, vol. 24, no. 12, p. 7-9, 42. Dec. 
14, 1928. 

[In the revised administrative regulations 
greater responsibility is placed upon bureau 
chiefs in the approval of material for outside 
publication. (See sec. 604) These regula- 
tions provide that one copy of each article or 
written address bearing upon the work of 
the department, and prepared for outside pub- 
lication or delivery, should be sent to the Office 
of Information for reference and filing. In- 
formation concerning the fact of publication 
of an article or address outside the depart- 
ment should be furnished by the bureau con- 
cerned to The Official Record for entry under 
this heading in The Record. One copy of 
each written address should be sent to the 
Director of Information, whether the address 
is destined for outside publication or not.] 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

Vegetable gardening in Alaska, C. C. George- 
son. (Alaska Stas. Bui. 7. 32 p., 5 figs. 
Nov. 1928.) Sitka. 

The hydrolysis of sodium and potassium zeo- 
lites, with particular reference to potas- 
sium in the soil solution. O. C. Magistad. 
(Arizona Sta. Tech. Bui. 22, p. 521-547, 
5 figs. June 1928.) Tucson. 

The baking strength of Arizona early Baart 
flour. M. C. Smith. (Arizona Sta. Tech. 
Bui. 23, p. 549-607. July 1928.) Tucson. 

Fortieth annual report, fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1928. D. T. Gray et al. (Ar- 
kansas Sta. Bui. 231, 82 p., 18 figs. Dec. 
1928.) Fayetteville. 

Boron in the soils and irrigation waters of 
southern California and its relation to cit- 
rus and walnut culture. W. P. Kelley and 
S. M. Brown. (Hilgardia [California Sta.], 
vol. 3, No. 16, p. 445-458. Nov. 1928.) 

Vascular structure and plugging of alfalfa 
roots. E. L. LeClerg and L. W. Durrell. 
(Colorado Sta. Bui. 339, 19 p., 16 figs. Oct. 
1928.) Fort Collins. 

Unfruitfulness of the pecan. J. G. Woodroof, 
N. C. Woodroof, and J. E. Bailey. (Georgia 
Sta. Bui. 148, 40 p., 14 figs. Dec. 1928.) 

An experiment in the free-choice feeding of 
mineral supplements to dairy cattle. W. B. 
Nevens. (Illinois Sta. Bui. 316, p. 118- 
124. Dec. 1928.) Urbana. 

Relative energy value of alfalfa, clover, and 
timothy hav for the maintenance of sheep. 
H. H. Mitchell. W. G. Kammlade and T. S. 
Hamilton. (Illinois Sta. Bui. 317, p. 125- 
167, 5 figs. Dec. 1928.) Urbana. 

Blight and leaf-spot of carrot in Massachu- 
setts. W. L. Doran and E. F. Guha. 
(Massachusetts Sta. Bui. 245, p. 269-278. 
June 1928.) Amherst. 

Control of red spider and powdery mildew 
on greenhouse cucumbers. W. D. Whit- 
comb and E: F. Guba. (Massachusetts 
Sta. Bui. 246. p. 279-294, 1 pi., 3 figs. 
Oct. 1928.) Amherst. 

Control of Salmonella pullorum infection 
(bacillary white diarrhea) 1927-1928. W. 
R. Hinshaw and E. F. Sanders. (Massa- 
chusetts Sta. Control Ser. Bui. 43, 23 p. 
July 1928.) Amherst. 

Nitrogen and carbohydrate distribution in or- 
gans of bearing apple spurs. A. E. Mur- 
neek. (Missouri Sta. Res. Bui. 119, 50 p., 
54 figs. Aug. 1928.) Columbia. 

Goiter in farm animals. H. Welch. (Mon- 
tana Sta. Bui. 214, 27 p., 1 fig. June 
1928.) Bozeman. 

Experiments with sugar beets at the Huntley 
Branch Station. D. A. Savage and L. 
Powers. (Montana Sta. Bui. 215, 31 p., 6 
figs. July 1928.) Bozeman. 

The commercial application of lactobacillus 
acidophilus milk. E. L. Reiehart and H. P. 
Davis. (Nebraska Sta. Bui. 228, 19 p. 
Oct. 1928.) Lincoln. 

Chromosome numbers in Zea mays L. L. F. 
Randolph. (New York Cornell Sta. Mem. 
117, 44 p., 3 pis. June 1928.) Ithaca. 

Inspection of fertilizers. J. B. Smith and W. 
L. Adams. (Rhode Island Sta. Ann. Fert. 
Circ, 12 p. Sept. 1928.) Kingston. 

Relation of cotton root rot and Fusarium wilt 
to the acidity and alkalinity of the soil. J. 
J. Taubenhaus. W. N. Ezekiel. and D. T. 
Killough. (Texas Sta. Bui. 389, 19 p., 5 
figs. Nov. 1928.) College Station. 

Mechanical harvesting of cotton in northwest 
Texas. D. L. Jones, W. M. Hurst, and D. 
Seoates. (Texas Sta. Circ. 52, 31 p., 18 
figs. Nov. 1928.) College Station. 

Many people have found out that fur 
farming is not the get-rich-quick kind of 
business they thought it was, and the 
Bureau of Biological Survey is making 
great efforts to help people to decide 
whether they should go into the business 
or not, and what to do and how to do it 
if they do go in. The bureau has just 
issued a leaflet on the subject, No. 27-L. 


52 of a sei-iis of Service Monographs of 
the United States Government. Issued bu 
The Institute for Government Research 
of The Brookings Institution, 26 Jackson 
Place, Washington, D. C. By Gustavus 
A. Weber, P. Zil. 

The Institute for Government Research has 
just issued a monograph on the history, activi- 
ties, accomplishments, and organization of 
the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, and its 
predecessors, the former Bureaus of Chem- 
istry and of Soils. The institute is a privately 
organized and privately financed organization 
having for its stated purpose the study of 
the problems of administering government, 
especially the Federal Government, with a 
view to bringing about, with the coopera- 
tion of Government officials, improvements in 
the administration of public affairs. The 
monograph on the Bureau of Chemistry and 
Soils was written by Gustavus A. Weber, a 
research investigator of the institute, who 
has written a number of the monographs 
issued by the institute thus far. He was 
given all possible assistance and cooperation 
by the bureau. Mr. Weber goes back to the 
beginnings of the Federal Government's acti- 
vities in the application of chemistry to the 
problems of agriculture and the soil, start- 
ing with work begun in the Patent Office in 
1S41, and traces the work, the growth, and 
the ramifications of the chemical work of 
the Department of Agriculture down to the 
present. He describes the work of the Bureau 
of Chemistry and Soils and its predecessors 
in protecting foods and drugs from adultera- 
tion, in widening the utilization of agricul- 
tural wastes, in establishing a dye industry in 
the United States, in safeguarding and de- 
veloping the Nation's fertilizer resources, in 
mapping the Nation's soils, etc. He presents 
clearly the work of the former Bureau of 
Chemistry, under Dr. Harvey W. Wiley as 
chief, in exposing the dangers inherent in the 
adulteration of foods and drugs which led 
to enactment of the Federal food and drugs 
act in 1906. Much attention is given to the 
general plan and details of the organization 
of the present bureau. However, the mono- 
graph makes no attempt to go beyond the 
facts found ; it offers no criticism and makes 
no recommendations, the purpose of the mono- 
graphs being to give a basis of fact only. 
The monograph contains a compilation of the 
laws and regulations governing the bureau, 
and financial statements showing the appro- 
priations, expenditures, etc., over a period of 
years. Copies may be obtained from the 
institute, or The Johns Hopkins Press, Balti- 
more, at .$1.50 each. The institute now has 
in press monographs on the Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey and the Bureau of Dairy Indus- 
try, and expects to soon send to the press 
one on the Forest Service. 

The market news service of the Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics supplies to the 
agricultural and trade press regular and 
special reports. A quarterly report is 
sent to county agents and trade and agri- 
cultural publications. Special reviews on 
certain crops are furnished by the bureau 
to some regions. A special report on 
barley is sent to California, and a special 
report on flax is supplied by Washington 
to the offices in Minneapolis. 

United States standards for romaine, 
mustard greens, okra, endive, escarole, 
chicory, northern-grown onions, and tur- 
nip greens have been issued by the Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics. 

Iowa State College reports to the Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics that 
there are now 36 counties in Iowa in 
which farmers are keeping farm business 
records in cooperation with county agents 
and extension specialists, and expects 
that this year the number of counties 
will be increased to 47. 

Subirrigation from fields of solid ice 
of unknown depth sometimes assists 
vegetable gardeners in the interior of 
Alaska. Alaska is divided by the coast 
range into two distinct regions. The 
coast range is well watered, sometimes 
too well for the needs of the crops, and 
the interior region has a rainfall that is 
relatively light and unreliable. In dry 
seasons it sometimes happens that the 
great mass of frozen soil below the sur- 
face of the ground releases water in the 
inland valleys which subirrigates the 
crops. In the interior, placer miners 
have found that often the ground is 
frozen deeper than their means of meas- 
urement will show. 


In a letter from Thomas Jeffer- 
son to Charles W. Peale, the por- 
trait painter, as published by the 
Massachusetts Historical Society 
in The Jefferson Papers, there ap- 
pears the following comment on 
contour plowing as a means of 
checking erosion and conserving 
moisture. The letter is dated 
April 17, 1813. 

Ploughing deep, your recipe for kill- 
ing weeds, is also the recipe for almost 
every other good thing in farming. 
The plough is to the farmer what the 
wand is to the sorcerer. Its effect is 
really like sorcery. In the country 
wherein I live we have discovered a 
new use for it, equal in value almost to 
its services before known. Our country 
is hilly and we have been in the habit 
of ploughing in strait rows, whether 
up & down hill, in oblique lines, or 
however they lead ; and our soil was 
all rapidly running into the rivers. We 
now plough horizontally following the 
curvature of the hills and hollows on 
the dead level, however crooked the 
lines may be. Every furrow thus acts 
as a reservoir to receive and retain 
the waters, all of which go to the 
benefit of the growing plant instead of 
running off into the streams. In a 
farm horizontally and deeply ploughed, 
scarcely an ounce of soil is now car- 
ried off from it. In point of beauty 
nothing can exceed that of the wav- 
ing lines & rows winding along the face 
of the hills and vallies. The horses 
draw much easier on the dead level 
and it is in fact a conversion of hilly 
grounds into a plain. The improve- 
ment of our soil from this cause the last 
half dozen years strikes everyone with 
wonder. For this improvement we are 
indebted to my son-in-law. Mr. [J. M.] 
Randolph, the best farmer, I believe, 
in the United States. 


Elmer E. Forbes, who has been traffic 
manager of the Department of Agricul- 
ture, "under A. McC. Ashley, director of 
the office of purchase, sales, and traffic, 
Office of the Secretary, was retired De- 
cember 31 on account of total disability. 
His total service in the Government was 
more than 30 years. Mr. Forbes first 
entered the Government service in May. 
1898, as paymaster clerk in the pay de- 
partment at large, United States Army, 
and served in that capacity until July, 
1906, when he was transferred to the De- 
partment of Agriculture. When retired 
he was the senior member of the Federal 
Traffic Board, which consists of the traffic 
officers of the Government in the District 
of Columbia. 



(Continued from page 1) 

economics, Berkeley, Calif. ; T. H. Summers, 
farm-management demonstrator. Fort Collins, 
Colo. : A. W. Manchester, farm-management 
demonstrator, and E. A. Perregaux. marketing 
specialist and economist. Storrs, Conn. 

C. A. McCue. director of Delaware agri- 
cultural extension service, Newark ; A. P. 
Spencer, vice director of Florida agricultural 
extension service, Gainesville ; Kenneth 
Treanor, farm-management specialist, Athens, 
Ga. : C. W. Hungerford, plant pathologist, 
Moscow, Idaho : H. C. M. Case, in charge of 
department of farm organization and manage- 
ment, and L. J. Norton, assistant chief in 
agricultural economics. Urbana, 111., and Al- 
fred Raut, county agent of Madison County. 
Edwardsville, 111. 

L. S. Robertson, State leader in farm man- 
agement, La Fayette, Ind. ; J. C. Galloway, 
farm-management demonstrator, Ames, Iowa ; 
George Montgomery, instructor in animal hus- 
bandry, Manhattan. Kans. ; Dana G. Card, 
assistant in marketing, Lexington, Ky. ; D. 
W. Reed, farm-management demonstrator, 
Orono, Me. ; S. II. De Vault, specialist in 
agricultural economics, College Park, Md. ; 
F. H. Branch, extension professor of farm 
management, and H. B. Rowe, agricultural 
economics specialist. Amherst. Mass. 

H. A. Berg, farm-management demonstrator. 
East Lansing, Mich. ; R. L. Donovan, dairy 
specialist, St. Paul. Minn. ; E. H. White, dis- 
trict extension agent. Greenville, Miss. ; D. C. 
Wood, extension assistant professor of agri- 
cultural economics, Columbia, Mo. : Paul 
Carpenter, agricultural economics specialist, 
Bozeman, Mont. ; Harold Hedges, research 
assistant professor of rural economics, Lin- 
coln, Nebr. 

T. E. Buckman, assistant director of Ne- 
vada agricultural extension service, Reno, 
Nev. ; H. C. Woodworth. agricultural econo- 
mist and farm-management demonstrator, 
Durham, N. H. ; W. F. Knowles. specialist in 
agricultural economics, New Brunswick, N. 
J. ; A. L. Walker, agricultural economist, 
State College, N. Mex. 

V. B. Hart, extension professor of farm 
management, and M. C. Bond, instructor in 
marketing, Ithaca, N. Y. ; G. W. Forster, 
agricultural economist. Raleigh, N. C. ; O. M. 
Fuller, assistant agricultural economist and 
farm-management demonstrator, Fargo, N. 
Dak. ; C. R. Arnold, farm-management demon- 
strator, Columbus, Ohio ; T. S. Thorfinnson, 
farm-management specialist. Stillwater, Okla. ; 
L. R. Breithaupt, agricultural economics spec- 
ialist, Corvallis, Oreg. 

H. N. Reist, professor of agricultural eco- 
nomics, and E. L. Moffitt, professor of mar- 
keting, State College. Pennsylvania ; G. E. 
Adams, director of Rhode Island agricultural 
extension service. Kingston ; R. W. Hamilton, 
soil-fertility specialist, Clemson College, South 
Carolina ; A. E. Anderson, director of South 
Dakota agricultural extension service, Brook- 
ings ; J. C. McAmis, agronomy specialist, 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

O. B. Martin, director of Texas agricultural 
extension service, College Station ; C. C. Tay- 
lor, specialist in agricultural economics, 
Blacksburg, Va. ; C. W. Gilbert, farm-manage- 
ment demonstrator, Burlington. Vt. ; R. M. 
Turner, assistant director of Washington 
agricultural extension service, Pullman ; A. J. 
Dadisman, head of department of agricultural 
economics, Morgantown, W. Va. : I. F. Hall, 
farm-management demonstrator. Madison. 
Wis. ; A. E. Bowman, director of Wyoming 
agricultural extension service, Laramie ; and 
Yasuo Baron Goto, assistant county agent, 
Honolulu, Hawaii. 

Growers of lemons in the vicinity of 
Upland, Calif., have been marketing their 
lemons cooperatively for more than 35 
years, says the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics. In 1S94 their cooperative 
shipments totaled 16 carloads ; in 1919 
their total shipments were 621 carloads. 
The original association was a member- 
ship organization which functioned for 
27 years, and then the assets, trade- 
marks, etc., were sold to the Upland 
Lemon Growers' Association, an organi- 
zation with capital stock. 


United States 

of Agriculture 

Certificate: By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published aa administrative information Md is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, January 24, 1929 

No. 4 



Court Says Secretary Has Power Under 

Packers and Stockyards Act to 

Fix Commission Charges 

Did Congress, through the packers and 
stockyards act, give the Secretary of 
Agriculture the power to fix the rates 
which livestock commission men may 
charge for buying and selling livestock? 
And, were the rates prescribed by the 
Secretary in his order of November 19, 
1926, lawful? These questions, both 
highly fundamental to enforcement of 
the packers and stockyards act, have 
been answered in the affirmative by the 
United States Court for the District of 
Nebraska. The court, sitting at Omaha 
with three judges on the bench, handed 
down, in December, a decision in the 
so-called Omaha Livestock Commission 
Eate Case, the litigation in which the 
above questions arose. The legal title 
of the case was Tagg Brothers & More- 
head et al. v. the United States, the 
plaintiffs being livestock commission 

The decision is considered by the de- 
partment and by the livestock industries 
as being of great importance. When the 
decision was handed down one of the 
Omaha newspapers quoted lawyers as 
saying that the decision was the most 
important ever rendered by a Federal 
court sitting in Omaha. There was in- 
volved not only the constitutionality of 
the authority of the Secretary to fix any 
rates for the selling and buying of live- 
stock upon commission, but also the 
manner of fixing the rates and the rea- 
sonableness of the rates fixed by him. 
The department believes that this de- 
cision will, if it isi not overruled by the 
United States Supreme Court, form the 
basisi of future rate determinations with 
respect to the business of livestock com- 
mission men. Many livestock produc- 
ers believe the decision will have the 
result of materially reducing the termi- 
nal marketing charges on their products. 

The decision was filed with the clerk 
of the United States court at Omaha 
on December 18, and it is understood 
that it was to become effective 30 days 
after the date of issue. It is reported 
that the plaintiffs have taken steps to 
file an appeal to the Supreme Court. 

The litigation was instituted by the 
Omaha commission interests with the 
object of obtaining an injunction to pre- 
vent the Secretary's order of November 
19, 1926, from becoming operative. The 
order prescribed the maximum rates 
which might be charged for selling and 
(Continued on page 5) 
30039°— 29 


Doctor Warburton. director of extension 
work, is now in Porto Rico, as the represen- 
tative of Secretary Jardine, on the Porto 
Rico Hurricane Relief Commission. The com- 
mission, designated by Congress, consists of 
the Secretaries of the Treasury, War, and 
Agriculture. It is authorized by Congress to 
lend up to $6,000,000 to the people of the 
island to aid them in the rehabilitation of 
their agriculture on account of the damage 
done by the devastating hurricane which 
swept the island last September. 


Public Warned That Food and Drugs 
Act Does Not Cover False Advertis- 
ing Appearing in Press 

In a statement issued to the press on 
January 16 the department announced 
that it was the intention of the Food, 
Drug, and Insecticide Administration to 
take immediate action under the food 
and drugs act against all preparations 
represented, by label or circular accom- 
panying the package, as being preven- 
tives or treatments of influenza, la grippe, 
pneumonia, and related diseases. The 
statement was prepared by W. G. Camp- 
bell, director of regulatory work. The 
statement said: 

" There is a widespread and probably 
a fully justified public apprehension 
about influenza, and some manufacturers 
have not hesitated to take advantage of 
this situation by advertising their prepa- 
(Continued on page 7) 



Ceremony Attended by Chairmen and 

Other Members of Committees of 

Both Houses of Congress 

The corner stone of the main adminis- 
tration building of the Department of 
Agriculture in Washington was laid just 
before noon on Monday, January 14, by 
Secretary W. M. Jardine of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture in the presence of 
Senators and Representatives in Congress 
and many of the people of the staff of 
the department. 

The stone was laid at the northeast 
corner of the central, 5-story unit now 
under construction which will connect 
the buildings now known as the east and 
west wings, which were completed and 
occupied in March 1908, during the ad- 
ministrations of Theodore Roosevelt as 
President and of James Wilson as Secre- 
tary of Agriculture. 

The new central unit will be occupied 
by the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary, 
the directors of work under- the Secre- 
tary, the solicitor, and other officers and 
staffs concerned with the general admin- 
istration of the department. Its front 
will be the central part of the main 
facade of the Department of Agriculture 
Building. The entire building will be, 
when fully completed according to the 
present plans, one of the largest office 
buildings in the world. It is expected 
that the central unit will be ready for 
occupancy in May, 1930. 

The members of Congress who- attended 
were Senator Charles L. McNary, of Ore- 
gon, chairman of the Senate Committee 
on Agriculture and Forestry, and chair- 
man of the agricultural subcommittee of 
the Senate Committee on Appropriations ; 
Senator Arthur Capper, of Kansas, mem- 
ber of the Senate Committee on Agricul- 
ture and Forestry and of the agricultural 
subcommittee of the Senate Committee 
on Appropriations ; Senator Henry W. 
Keyes, of New Hampshire, member of the 
agricultural subcommittee of the Senate 
Committee on Appropriations ; Represen- 
tative Gilbert N. Haugen, of Iowa, chair- 
man of the House Committee on Agricul- 
ture; Representative L. J. Dickinson, of 
Iowa, chairman of the agricultural sub- 
committee of the House Committee on 
Appropriations ; and Representatives 
Fred S. Purnell, of Indiana ; Thomas S. 
Williams, of Illinois; Charles J. Thomp- 
son, of Ohio ; Thomas Hall, of North Da- 
kota ; August H. Andresen, of Minnesota ; 
Charles Adkins, of Illinois ; John D. 
Clarke, of New York; Clifford R. Hope, 
of Kansas; David H. Kincheloe, of Ken- 
(Continued on page 7) 



Dickinson, of Iowa, Introduces Measure 

Providing for Establishment at 

Iowa State College 

Representative Dickinson, of Iowa, has 
introduced in Congress a bill (H. R. 
16212) providing for research work in 
connection with the utilization of agri- 
cultural products other than forest 
products. The bill would authorize an 
appropriation for the establishment of 
an experiment station at Iowa State Col- 
lege, at Ames, at a cost not to exceed 
$150,000. At this station research would 
be conducted into the physical and chem- 
ical properties of cornstalks, broomcorn 
stalks, wheat straw, oats straw, flax 
straw, cotton seed, cotton stalks and 
moats, bagasse, and other vegetable prod- 
ucts now largely unutilized. 

Amendment of the Federal farm loan 
act, to promote the establishment of 
branches of the Federal land banks, Is 
provided for in a bill (S. 5302) intro- 
duced by Senator Norbeck, of South 
Dakota. The bill provides that, subject 
to the approval of the Federal farm loan 
board, one of the Federal land banks 
may be designated to establish a branch 
in Porto Rico and another may be desig- 
nated to establish a branch in the Terri- 
tory of Alaska. The loans made by these 
branch banks would not exceed $15,000 
to any one borrower. 

Senator Dill, of Washington, has intro- 
duced a concurrent resolution (S. Con. 
Res. 29) requesting the Federal Trade 
Commission to transmit to the Attorney 
General of the United States all the testi- 
mony exhibits, and other information ob- 
tained by the commission in its recent 
investigation of alleged attempts to 
monopolize the manufacture of radio ap- 
paratus and radio communication. The 
Federal Trade Commission, on January 
28, 1924, issued a formal complaint, 
charging that certain companies had 
combined and conspired for the purpose 
of creating a radio monopoly. The reso- 
lution says that if the charges in this 
complaint are true it is the duty of the 
Department of Justice to prosecute those 
involved and to take whatever steps may 
be necessary to dissolve the alleged radio 

A bill has been introduced by Senator 
Hayden, of Arizona, to equalize the an- 
nual leave of employees of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture stationed outside 
continental United States. It would give 
such employees, the benefit of provisions 
of the act of July 24, 1919, relating to 
annual and cumulative leave for cer- 
tain employees of the department. 

Under a bill (S. 5342) introduced by 
Senator McNary, of Oregon, regulations 
issued by the Secretary of Agriculture 
relating to fire trespass on the national 
forests would be made applicable to 
.lands the title to which reverted to the 
United States by the act approved June 
9, 1916. 

The classification of certain public 
lands, and the development, protection, 
and utilization of grazing thereon, is 
provided for in a bill (H. R. 16166) in- 

troduced by Representative Colton. of 
Utah. It authorizes the Secretary of 
the Interior to classify and designate 
for grazing certain lands which are val- 
uable chiefly for grazing and are not 
irrigable from any known source of 
water supply, and are of such charac- 
ter that they are not suitable for entry 
under any of the homestead laws. Pub- 
lic lands outside of national monuments 
and national parks are covered by the 

Senator Copeland, of New York, has 
introduced a bill (S. 5376) to provide 
for the inspection of poultry and poultry 

Other bills introduced are : 


H. R. 16307. Beedy (Maine). — To permit 
the granting of Federal aid in the improve- 
ment of highways which lead directly to or 
from publicly owned toll bridges. 

H. R. 16308. Adkins (Illinois). — Provid- 
ing for survey of a route for the construction 
of a highway connecting certain places asso- 
ciated with the life of Abraham Lincoln. 

H. R. 16311. Johnson (Oklahoma). — Au- 
thorizing an appropriation for the construc- 
tion of a hard-surfaced road across tort Sill, 
Okla., Military Reservation. 

H. J. Res. 382. Fish (New York). — To send 
delegates and an exhibit to the Fourth. 
World's Poultry Congress to be held in Eng- 
land in 1930. 

H. J. Res. 385. Knutson (Minnesota). — 
Providing for an economic survey of Porto 

Alaska Railroad Opens Big Area 
Which May Be Farmed Eventually 


Oak trees, of which there are species 
native to nearly all parts of the country, 
are more generally used for roadside 
planting than any other kind of tree, says 
the Bureau of Public Roads. The bureau 
says : " Maples are next in importance for 
a large part of the country, but as the 
nrost-used species are not well adapted 
for the purpose, the selection must be 
carefully made. For the cooler dry re- 
gions the most promising trees are the 
green ash, common locust, hackberry, 
thornless honeylocust, and poplars, with 
boxelder, willows, and poplars for the 
extremes of cold and drought. In warm, 
dry climates the eucalyptus, or gums, 
the palms, the Jerusalem thorn, and the 
mesquite are good. Only thrifty, vigor- 
ous trees, with healthy foliage, look well 
on country roads. To get this type for 
any location it is usually best to select 
native varieties, although trees from lo- 
calities with similar growing conditions 
are frequently satisfactory." 

Dr. C. B. Hutchison, director of the 
Giannini Foundation, University of Cali- 
fornia, Berkeley, recently spent a week 
in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
in Washington familiarizing himself 
with the work of the bureau. The foun- 
dation was established by A. P. Gian- 
nini, president of the Bancitaly Corpora- 
tion, of San Francisco, with a grant of 
$1,500,000, to be used for developing 
work in agricultural economics in the 
University of California. It is endeavor- 
ing to coordinate the economic work of 
the State of California, and through re- 
search, to develop a broad base of 
information upon which to build an 
agricultural policy for the State. A 
building costing about $500,000 is now 
being built at the University of Califor- 
nia t<> provide facilities for work in ag- 
ricultural economics. 

Dr. H. W. Alberts, director of the agri- 
cultural experimental stations at Sitka. 
Kodiak. Fairbanks, and Matanuska, 
Alaska, discussed agricultural conditions 
in Alaska, at the most recent of weekly 
extension conferences held in Washing- 
ton. He told about some of the experi- 
ments being carried on at these stations, 
among them being the work at Mata- 
nuska in cross-breeding Holsteins and 
Galloways to try to develop a dairy breed 
which will be of practical use under the 
climatic conditions. At Fairbanks, where 
there is a much colder climate, the tem- 
perature sometimes dropping to 60° below 
zero, breeding work is being carried on 
with the Galloway and the Asiatic yak 
to produce a beef type which will be 
resistant to the severe weather, he said. 
He spoke of problems in connection with 
experiments which have been undertaken 
at Sitka with a view to adapting certain 
crops and fruits to climatic and soil 
conditions. Though the growing season 
in the interior of Alaska is short, be 
explained, the crops mature quickly. 
One of the problems facing the farmer 
is getting the crops harvested before the 
rainy season begins. He touched upon 
the modes of living of the natives, and 
also of the white men there, who are, 
in the majority of cases, miners who 
went to Alaska during the " gold rush " 
periods and have stayed on, eventually 
undertaking agriculture in a small way. 
The average cultivated farm, he says, 
is 15 or 20 acres. With the opening of 
the Alaska Railroad in 1922 a vast ter- 
ritory became available which may ulti- 
mately be used agriculturally, he said. 
Lantern slides illustrated the lecture. 
The attendance at this conference was 
about 125. 

These conferences, which are held 
weekly, were inaugurated about ten 
years ago by A. B. Graham, in charge of 
subject-matter specialists, Office of Co- 
operative Extension Work, to give mem- 
bers of his staff opportunity to discuss 
the problems of their work and to learn 
something of the activities in other lines. 
Later, other extension workers and 
members of the staffs of other bureaus 
and offices of the department were in- 
vited to join in the discussions, so that 
those attending might have an oppor- 
tunity to learn of work in progress or 
completed. Two or three years ago Mr. 
Graham broadened the program by add- 
ing speakers from other departments and 
organizations which have related work. 

In a recent sale of farm property near 
Tarentum, Allegheny County. Pa., $S00 
was paid for a plantation of northern 
white pine established seven years ago 
on about 6 acres of land unsuitable for 
agricultural crops, says the Forest Serv- 
ice. The seller established the plantation 
in 1921. with 5,000 2-year-old and 2.000 
3-year-old seedlings from the State 
nurseries. Nintey per cent of the trees 
have survived, and some of them have 
reached a height of 9 feet. It cost the 
seller not more than $75 to make the 
plantation. His gross profit, seven years 
after the planting, is $725. 



Conference Gives Special Attention to 

Methods of Getting the Information 

Applied by Farmer 

The annual conference on the agricul- 
tural outlook is now being held in Wash- 
ington. With representatives of 45 of 
the States and the Territory of Hawaii 
attending, this is the largest outlook con- 
ference yet held. An important feature 
of the conference is the special atten- 
tion that is being given to the subject of 
getting the outlook information applied 
to agriculture by the farmer. The out- 
look report will be issued next Monday, 
January 28, to the press and by radio. 
It will be broadcast in a special one-hour 
program over a chain hook-up of approx- 
imately 25 stations. 

The report will cover the following 
subjects, on which separate committees, 
composed of representatives of the Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics, are now 
at work : Domestic Demand ; Foreign 
Demand ; Wheat and Rye : Credit ; Farm 
Labor, Equipment, and Fertilizer; Cot- 
ton ; Flax ; Rice ; Oats : Barley ; Corn ; 
Mohair ; Beef Cattle ; Horses and Mules ; 
Hogs ; Poultry and Eggs ; Dairy Products ; 
Feed, Grains, and Livestock ; Hay and 
Pasture ; Sheep and Wool ; Feedstuffs ; 
Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes ; Strawber- 
ries ; Vegetables ; Peanuts ; Citrus ; 
Beans ; Apples ; Clover Seed and Alfalfa 
Seed ; Tobacco ; Peaches ; Sugar ; Grapes ; 
Honey ; Broomcorn ; and the general 
agricultural situation. 

In addition to considering the outlook 
reports on crops item by item, the con- 
ference is holding meetings at which 
methods of using outlook information 
are being discussed. Some of these 
meetings' are roundtables, at which ex- 
tension leaders are discussing the prep- 
aration and use of economic informa- 
tion in the individual States, describing 
the most outstanding pieces of farm- 
management extension work done in the 
last year in the States, considering 
methods of correlating the farm ac- 
counts and outlook work, outlining mar- 
keting activities, and discussing methods 
by which the marketing specialist can 
best correlate his extension program 
with the programs of the commodity 
specialists and the cooperative market- 
ing organizations of his State. 

On the last day of the conference, 
Saturday, January 26, a new feature 
will be introduced. All the representa- 
tives will divide into four sections — 
Western, Central, Eastern, and South- 
ern States. Each of these groups will 
constitute a regional outlook conference 
for discussion of the Outlook Report, 
with a view to making the report as 
useful as possible to the particular 
regions. Representatives of the States 
in each of these sections will discuss the 
report, assisted by representatives of the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics and 
the Extension Service. 

It is hoped that this method of re- 
gional discussion here at Washington 
will give a basis upon which State rep- 
resentatives may return to their respec- 

tive headquarters and prepare a State 
outlook report. All of this work is a 
training school in the application of out- 
look information to the general farm- 
management programs now being con- 
ducted by the extension departments of 
the States. 

Eight million dollars distributed to 
growers in 10 weeks for walnuts in the 
first pool for 1928 is the record of the 
California Walnut Growers' Association, 
Los Angeles, says a report to the Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics. 


A man stopped at the informa- 
tion booth at the International 
Livestock Exposition. He said he 
was president of the Retail Mer- 
chants Association of Chicago. To 
an employee of the Department of 
Agriculture stationed at the booth 
he said : " I wish to congratulate 
you folks on your exhibits, disclos- 
ing to the people what your depart- 
ment can do and is doing to assist 
in the problems of the producer, 
and the consumer as well. In the 
past I have known very little of the 
activities of your department, but 
now that I have been shown, I am 
a booster." 


Bigger yields of sugar beets, with a 
higher percentage of sugar, can be pro- 
duced on practically all soils where the 
crop is grown merely by the application 
of sufficient amounts of superphosphate, 
says the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. 

Extensive experiments conducted in 
several different States and extending 
over a period of years have given con- 
clusive evidence that phosphorus is the 
limiting element in most fields of sugar 
beets. In these experiments it was found 
that enough superphosphate to carry 80 
pounds of phosphoric acid increased the 
yield of sugar beets about 7 tons per acre, 
while 80 pounds of ammonia gave an in- 
crease of only 1% tons, and potash used 
at the same rate gave no increase. When 
either ammonia or potash was substi- 
tuted for one-fifth of the phosphate in 
these tests, the yields were slightly bet- 
ter than where the phosphate was used 
alone. Large commercial plantings as 
well as some of the experimental fields, 
have shown that even as small an amount 
as 125 pounds per acre of 16 per cent 
superphosphate will give very profitable 
increases. The beneficial effect of the 
phosphorus is most marked early in the 
season, thus indicating that the good re- 
sults are due mainly to the early start 
this fertilizer gives the plant. In addi- 
tion to greater yields, the beets from the 
fertilized fields were from 1 to 2 per cent 
sweeter than those from unfertilized 
fields. The low cost of the phosphate fer- 
tilizer and the fact that it is easily ap- 
plied are also factors which favor the 
use of phosphates in certain sugar-beet- 
growing districts. 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for the Broadcast Week 
Beginning Monday, January 28. 

The department's noonday network pro- 
gram is broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. in. 
eastern standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m. 
central standard time ; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m. 
mountain standard time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Company : KFKX, Chi- 
cago; KDKA, Pittsburgh; KSTP, St. 
Paul-Minneapolis ; WOW, Omaha; 
WDAF, Kansas City; KWK, St. Louis; 
KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI, San Antonio; 
WSM, Nashville; WSB, Atlanta; KOA, 
Denver ; WMC. Memphis ; WLW, Cincin- 
nati ; WRC, Washington; and WFAA, 

Monday, January 28 

Science versus The Corn Borer. — Dr. 
A. P. Woods, director of scientific work. 

Farm Science News of the Month. — C. E. 
Gapen, chief of the Press Service, Office of 

Tuesday, January 29 

The Outlook for Sugar. — Dr. O. C. Stine, 
in charge of division of statistical and histori- 
cal research, Bureau of Agricultural Econom- 

The Outlook for Tobacco. — Charles E. 
Gage, senior crop and livestock estimator, 
Federal Crop Reporting Board. 

The Outlook for Sheep. — C. V. Whalin, in 
charge of the division of livestock, meats, and 
wool, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Wednesday, January 30 

The Outlook for Rte. — W. P. Callander, 
chairman Federal Crop Reporting Board. 

The Outlook for Oats and Barley. — ■ 
W. A. Wheeler, in charge of the hay, feed, and 
seed division, Bureau of Agricultural Econom- 

The Outlook for Hay. — E. C. Parker, 
senior marketing specialist, in charge of hay 
marketing and standardization investigations, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Thursday, January 31 

The Outlook for Vegetables. — B. C. 
Boree, senior marketing specialist, in charge 
of market news on fruits, vegetables, and pea- 
nuts, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

The Outlook for Fruits. — F. G. Robb, 
senior marketing specialist, in charge of in- 
spections of fruits and vegetables, Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. 

Friday, February 1 

The 1929 Livestock Inventory. — C. L. 
Harlan, senior statistician in charge of live- 
stock reports, division of crop and livestock 
estimates, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

The Outlook for Horses and Mules. — 
C. F. Sarle, senior statistician (research), 
division of crop and livestock estimates, Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics. 

The attempts recently made to stock 
the Upper Missisippi River Wild Life 
and Fish Refuge with beaver colonies are 
beginning to show good results. The 
superintendent of the refuge, in a recent 
report to the Bureau of Biological Sur- 
vey, which administers the new reserva- 
tion, says that the beavers captured in 
northern Wisconsin last spring and lib- 
erated on the flats near Wabasha, Minn., 
are apparently doing well. 



, Ukith) States 



Issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 

Washington, D. C. 

The Official Recobd is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
bv subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the chief of bureau 
or office officially concerned with the subject 
matter. Copy must be received before Thurs- 
day in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. The office of 
The Official Record is at 215 Thirteenth 
Street SW., in the Press Service. Telephone : 
Main 4650. branch 242. 



Cold-storage holdings of agricultural 
commodities were, in most eases, larger 
on January 1 of this year than on the 
same date a year ago, says the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics on the basis of 
reports received by it. The following is 
a comparison of certain stocks, the for- 
mer figure being for January 1, 1929, and 
the latter for January 1, 1928. 

Apples, in barrels : 2,350,000 barrels, 
as against 1,699,000 barrels. 

Apples, in" boxes : 15,428,000 boxes, as 
against 12,260,000 boxes. 

Apples, in bushel baskets : 4.233,000 
baskets, as against 3,177,000 baskets. 

Creamery butter: 43,786,000 pounds, 
as against 46,289,000 pounds. 

American cheese: 68.297,000 pounds, 
as against 47,765,000 pounds. 

Case eggs : 1,415,000 cases, as against 
882.000 cases. 

Poultry: 108,968,000 pounds, as 
against 117,490,000 pounds. 

Meats, total stocks : 857,063,000 
pounds, as against 666.200,000 pounds. 

Lard: 84.557,000 pounds, as against 
54.855.000 pounds. 


A conference was held in Boston Jan- 
uary 11 on the progress of the New Eng- 
land radio market-news service and to 
discuss changes in the program which 
may be desirable. J. Clyde Marquis, in 
charge of the division of information, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics ; 
Frederick V. Waugh, statistician for the 
New England States and secretary of 
the New England Research Council ; and 
F. H. Scruggs, in charge of the broad- 
casting service of market news and eco- 
nomic information conducted by this de- 
partment in cooperation with the State 
commissioners of agriculture of Massa- 
chusetts. Maine, and Connecticut, l'epre- 
sented the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics in the meeting with representa- 
tives of the Massachusetts Department of 
Markets. A survey, made through a 
questionnaire to farmers on the crop- 

reporter list of New England, has had 
an unusual response, nearly 30 per cent 
of the questionnaires having been re- 
turned within the first two weeks after 
the questionnaires were sent out. Tabu- 
lations have not been completed, but a 
preliminary study of replies shows great 
interest in the short talks given in eve- 
ning programs broadcast at 6.15. Spe- 
cial talks on fruits, vegetables, poultry, 
and other agricultural subjects are also 
preferred. The questionnaires indicate 
that a large proportion of farmers in 
New England have radio receiving sets 
and are listening to agricultural pro- 
grams. The material being handled by 
Mr. Scruggs includes a wide variety of 
reports. He prepares material for the 
3-period broadcasts over Stations WBZ 
and WBZA— 10 minutes at 10.30 a. m.. 
20 minutes at 12.30 p. m., and 20 
minutes at 6.15 p. m. These stations, 
operated by the Westinghouse Co., are 
enthusiastically supporting the service. 
They have borne the expense of putting 
in a remote control and a telephone in 
Mr. Scruggs' office and have provided an 
assistant for him. Further conferences 
will be held with representatives of the 
cooperating New England departments of 
agriculture by Mr. "Waugh. 


The department, in cooperation with a 
committee representing various national 
livestock interests, has just issued a 
statement of directions for giving cattle 
better care in transit, especially in severe 
weather. The joint recommendations 
are aimed especially at reduction of the 
infectious febrile disease hemorrhagic 
septicemia, also known as shipping fever. 
The recommendations have been distrib- 
uted to livestock and market periodicals 
and to various livestock exchanges, rail- 
roads, and organizations interested in 
the subject. The recommendations dis- 
cuss the feeding, watering, and general 
care of cattle from the time they leave 
the farm or ranch until sold for slaugh- 
ter or until arrival at country points 
for further fattening. Suggestions are 
made for getting the cattle back to nor- 
mal strength and appetite after the hard- 
ships of shipping. The use of biological 
products, including bacterins, aggressin. 
and serum for immunizing cattle against 
hemorrhagic septicemia, is discussed. 
Copies of the complete statement, a 4- 
page mimeograph, may be obtained on 
request to the Bureau of Animal Indus- 
try, Washington. 


Because of the cost of printing the re- 
cently issued History of Agricultural Ex- 
tension Work in the United States, 1785- 
1923, by Dr. A. C. Time, Miscellaneous 
Publication No. 15, it was not possible to 
obtain an edition sufficiently large to 
make a general free distribution or even 
to provide a copy for each extension 
worker. Copies may be purchased from 
the Superintendent of Documents, Gov- 
ernment Printing Office, Washington, 
D. C, for 75 cents each. Remittances 
may be made in the form of money or- 
ders or certified checks. Do not send 
purchase orders to the Department of 

Bureau of the Budget 

Relief of First Lieut. Walter B. Smith from Dnty in the 
Office of the Chief Coordinator 

Upon the request of the War Department, 
First Lieut. Walter B. Smith. United States 
Army, is relieved from further duty in thi 
office of the Chief Coordinator, effective on or 
about April 22. 1929. and in time to permit 
him to comply with orders respecting his 
assignment to foreign duty. By direction of 
the President. 

— II. 31. Lord, Director. 


In the 4-week period beginning Feb- 
ruary 14 the division of crop and live- 
stock estimates of the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics will hold, in Wash- 
ington, its third, and probably last, sta- 
tistical conference of field men. Con- 
ferences were held in 1927 and 1928. 
Sixteen field men are being brought in 
for instruction. C. F. Sarle, a senior sta- 
tistician, will be in charge of the in- 
struction, and he will be assisted by 
other members of the Washington staff. 
With the completion of the instruction of 
this new group, practically all of the di- 
vision's State statisticians will have had 
the benefit of special statistical training 
in Washington. A great deal of prelim- 
inary work has been done by the men 
who are to come in, Mr. Sarle having 
sent out a series of correspondence les- 
sons in the last year. It is expected that 
considerable time will be given at this 
conference to instruction in correlation 
methods, particularly multiple and cur- 
vilinear correlation. Thorough instruc- 
tion will also be given in the theory of 
sampling, which involves some of the 
most important problems of the division. 
In order to complete the full program of 
work, which is the equivalent of one 
year's college work in statistics, it is an- 
ticipated that a 12-hour-a-day schedule 
will be necessary as in former years. 
The lectures will be in the conference 
room of the Bieber Building. The field 
statisticians who are expected to partic- 
ipate in this conference are: Frank An- 
drews, Utah ; F. W. Beier. Colorado : 
H. F. Bryant, Kentucky; L. M. Carl, 
Iowa ; E. L. Gasteiger, Pennsylvania ; 
L. L. Janes, Louisiana : M. M. Justin, 
Indiana : P. H. Kirk, Minnesota ; E. A. 
Logan, Missouri : H. A. Marks, Florida : 
S. T. Marsh, Tennessee; D. A. McCand- 
liss, Mississippi ; G. L. Morgan. New Jer- 
sey ; E. C. Paxtoii, Kansas : H. H. Schutz, 
Texas ; and George A. Scott, California. 
A few of the younger members of the 
staff of the Washington office will also be 
given this special instruction. 

Vinegar is not necessarily made from 
apples, although many of the late and 
windfall apples are utilized in this way. 
Vinegar can be made from any fruit, or, 
in fact, from any material which con- 
tains enough sugar and is in no way 
objectionable, says the Bureau of Chem- 
istry and Soils. Vinegar of good quality 
can be made from oranges, persimmons, 
pears, various berries, honey, maple 
products, watermelon, and grains. 



Second Semester Opens Tuesday, January 
29, With Course on Scientific Instruments 

The second semester of the 1928-29 year 
of the Department of Agriculture Graduate 
School will open Tuesday, January 29, with 
the beginning of the course " Scientific In- 
struments and Their Use." The other 
courses of the semester will be announced 

The course in instruments will be con- 
ducted by specialists of the Department of 
Agriculture and of the Bureau of Standards, 
Department of Commerce. Not only will this 
course yield valuable information on instru- 
ments and the use of them, but it will afford 
an excellent opportunity for gaining an ac- 
quaintance with the scientific work that is 
being carried on in the various branches of 
the Department of Agriculture, and, to some 
extent, in the Bureau of Standards. 

The course is a credit course, one semester. 
The lectures will be given on Tuesdays and 
Thursdays, in room 110, west wing. The 
course will be given by a number of lec- 
turers, workers of this department and of the 
Bureau of Standards. 

Because of the composite nature of the 
course and the number of lecturers, minor 
changes may be made or other lecturers may 
be introduced as the course proceeds. Room 
110 of the west wing will be the headquar- 
ters of the class, and any changes in the 
schedule will be posted there and will also 
be announced one or two meetings in ad- 

The following is the schedule of lectures 
and lecturers as now arranged : 

Special and little-known ways in which the 
microscope can be of use to the biologist. N. 
A. Cobb, 1 lecture. 

Testing and rating microscope lenses. E. 
G. Artzberger, 1 lecture. 

The polarizing microscope as an aid to the 
chemist. E. T. Wherry, 1 or 2 lectures. 

Micro-determinations. E. P. Clark, 1 or 2 

Saccharimeter, polariscope, ultramicroscope, 
cataphoresis apparatus, turbidiscope, nephe- 
lometer, record-potentiometer. R. T. Balch, 1 
or 2 lectures, and J. A. Ambler, 1 or 2 lectures. 

Spectrophotometer. W. C. Holmes, 1 or 2 

Hydrogen-ion concentration and its meas- 
urement. E. T. Wherry, 1 or 2 lectures. 

The hydrogen electrode method of hydro- 
gen-ion measurement. Edw. F. Schneider, 1 

The quinhydrone method of hydrogen-ion 
measurement. L. E. Dawson, 1 lecture. 

Leather testing equipment. R. W. Frey, 1 
or 2 lectures. 

Waterproofing equipment for testing water 
resistance. T. D. Jarrell, 1 or 2 lectures. 

Dupont still for fractionation of turpentine. 
E. K. Nelson, 1 or 2 lectures. 

High-pressure equipment to 1.000 atmos- 
pheres. E. P. Bartlett, 1 or 2 lectures. 

Apparatus for the study of reaction rates 
at high pressures and temperatures. P. H. 
Emmett, 1 or 2 lectures. 

Pyrometers and their uses in fertilizer in- 
vestigations. A. R. Mertz, 1 or 2 lectures. 

The potentiometer and its uses in fertilizer 
investigation and laboratory work. K. D. 
Jacob, 1 or 2 lectures. 

X-ray apparatus and methods as applied 
to researches in agriculture. S. B. Hendricks, 
2 lectures. 

Apparatus for use in the study of molecular 
states of gases by band spectrum analysis. O. 
R. Wulf. 1 or 2 lectures. 

Apparatus and technique for producing a 
vacuum and low pressures. Investigations on 
gases and surfaces at low pressures. C. H. 
Kunsman. 2 lectures. 

Bates aspirator and other grain-testing de- 
vices. E. G. Boerner, 1 or 2 lectures. 

Methods and apparatus for gas analysis. 
E. R. Weaver. 1 lecture at Bureau Standards. 

Methods of low temperature distillations. E. 
W. Washburn. 1 lecture. 

The conduct and interpretation of combus- 
tion analyses. E. W. Washburn, 1 lecture. 

The measurement electrolytic conductivity. 
Doctor Parker, of Leeds, Northrup Co., 1 lec- 

Pathologists of the department have 
discovered that in many cases " sick " 
timber can be cured and utilized for rail- 
road ties. This is important in view of 
the rapid decrease in the supply of tim- 
ber. Heretofore thousands upon thou- 
sands of ties cut from timber affected 
with a small amount of heart rot have 
been left in the woods to rot. Much of 
tbis timber can be salvaged by treatment 
with wood preservatives. The preserva- 
tive should be applied under pressure ; 
thorough treatment causes the mixture 
to penetrate every part of the decay, 
thereby killing the fungus which causes 
the rot and preventing further rotting. 
The treated ties can be used with safety 
on all tracks where the traffic require- 
ments are not too heavy, such as switches, 
spurs, sidetracks, etc., which constitute 
more than 30 per cent of the railroad 
trackage of the country. By utilizing 
such ties the cost of tie equipment is re- 
duced, since they are cheaper than sound 
ties, while the use of them means a great 
saving in the timber supply. 

The Official Record has a "Questions and 
Answers " department which runs under that 
heading. Questions of sufficient general inter- 
est to the people of the department as a whole 
will be answered therein if sent to the editor. 

Secretary Jardine has reappointed the 
following tea experts on the United 
States Board of Tea Experts for the 
coming season : J. J. McNamara, New 
York, N. Y. ; Harry L. Jones, Boston, 
Mass. ; Arthur T. Hellyer, Chicago, 111. ; 
A. P. Irwin, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Edward 
Bransten, San Francisco, Calif. ; John 
N. Shaw, Seattle, Wash. ; George F. 
Mitchell, supervising tea examiner, Food, 
Drug, and Insecticide Administration. 
The duty of the board is to prepare 
and submit to the Secretary of Agricul- 
ture standard samples of tea by which 
all teas entering the United States 
under the tea inspection act of March 
2, 1897, are compared as to their purity, 
quality, and fitness for consumption. 



(Continued from page 1) 

buying livestock at the Omaha Union 
Stockyard. The plaintiffs contended that 
their charges were made for personal 
services rendered to their patrons, and 
that they should be as free to bargain 
for their services as are workmen with 
respect to their wages. The court said 
that the agencies had operated for many 
years under a schedule of rates fixed by 
their Omaha exchange, of which the com- 
mission men and traders were members, 
whereas their customers, the owners and 
shippers of livestock, were not. The facts 
in such a situation, the court held, in- 
clined public authority to take a hand. 
The court further said that if the owners 
of the 58 firms or corporations could 
arrive at the rates to be charged ship- 
pers, a disinterested governmental agency 
could arrive at fair rates. 

After reviewing the methods employed 
by the Secretary in determining the rates, 
the court said " the Secretary's action in 
arriving at this cost item appears to be 
within his powers and discretion and 
supported by the proof." The court held 
that it was lawful to subject the plain- 
tiffs to regulations, both as to their 
practices and their charges, and that the 
attack on the Secretary's order had not 
been sustained. 


Parasitologist of Bureau of Animal Industry 
Demonstrates Complete Life Cycle of Gizzard 
Worm of Grouse and Quail — Discovery Be- 
lieved to be of Value in Explaining the 
Manner of Spread of a Serious Parasite of 
These Game Birds 

There has recently been completed in the 
zoological division of the Bureau of Animal 
Industry, what is believed to be the first suc- 
cessful case in which the complete life cycle 
of the gizzard worm or ruffed grouse and bob- 
white quail has been produced experimentally. 
In the last few years there has been consid- 
erable interest directed toward increasing the 
numbers of these two game birds in this 
country, and any addition to the knowledge 
of the parasites and parasitic diseases of 
these birds may prove of practical value in 
this connection. Moreover, knowledge of the 
life cycles of parasites which infest wild life 
is highly important, not only to the wild life 
but also to the livestock and poultry indus- 
tries, inasmuch as wild domestic animals have 
many pests in common or have pests so simi- 
lar that information oa the parasites of one 
is of value in connection with the other. 

The gizzard worm (Cheilospirura spinosa) 
was originally described as a nematode para- 
site found under the lining of the gizzard of 
ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) in Michigan. 
Subsequently it was identitied in the zoologi- 
cal division from material collected from the 
ruffed grouse in Massachusetts, New York, 
and Pennsylvania, and more recently from the 
bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) from 
Tennessee and Virginia. It has been known 
that some small invertebrate animal, such as 
an insect, was necessary as an intermediate 
host in the life cycle of the parasite, but the 
discovery of tbis intermediate host was yet 
to be made. It has now been demonstrated 
that the grasshopper (Melanoplus femurru- 
brum) may serve in this capacity of inter- 
mediate host, and the final host, the bird, may 
become infected with the parasite by eating 
the grasshopper. In the present experiment, 
numerous larvae of the gizzard worm were 
recovered from the grasshopper host 25 days 
after the nematode eggs had been fed to the 
insect. Parts of the grasshopper containing 
larvae were fed to quail, and adult male speci- 
mens of the gizzard worm were collected from 
the bird about 53 days later. That the para- 
site does not easily infect chickens is indi- 
cated by the fact that larvae from the grass- 
hopper when fed to chickens failed to develop 
to adult gizzard worms. 

A striking result of the experiments was 
the fact that all of the adult specimens of 
the worm produced experimentally in quail 
were males. This finding is of particular 
interest, in that another Department of Agri- 
culture parasitologist, J. R. Christie of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry, recently reported 
observations of a similar character dealing 
with the effect of environment on the devel- 
opment of sex in the nematode Mermis sub- 
nigrescens. Christie found that when a grass- 
hopper was heavily infected experimentally, 
the parasites in the grasshopper were males ; 
when lightly infected, females. 

Success in determining the complete life 
history of the gizzard worm of ruffed grouse 
"and bobwhite quail is considered to be an im- 
portant addition to the knowledge of para- 
sites affecting these game birds, and it also 
furnishes a clue to the life histories of simi- 
lar parasites in poultry. It is highly de- 
sirable that there should be a repetition of 
these experiments. It is hoped that other 
workers will find an opportunity to make an 
additional study, of interest to sportsmen 
and poultrymen alike, along these lines, pref- 
erably now in winter, when ruffed grouse and 
quail are available in greater numbers than 
at other times of the year. — Eloise B. Ckam, 
Associate Zoologist, Bureau of Animal Indus- 

In a recent season a bed of straw- 
berries at the Sitka Experiment Station 
in Alaska yielded at the rate of 1,080 
quarts per acre, and the yield might 
have been better if wild deer had not 
eaten and trampled the tender plants 
in the spring. 



Articles and Written Addresses by 

Department People in Outside 


Animal Industry 

McBryde, C. N. ; Niles, W. B. ; and Moskey, 
H. E. — Investigations on the transmission 
and etiology of hog flu. Jour.. Amer. Vet. 
Med. Assn.. v. 73 (n. s. v. 26) no. 3, p. 
331-346. July 1028. 

McBryde, C. N., and Niles, W. B. — A study 
of the simultaneous and serum-alone meth- 
ods iii the treatment of cholera-infected 
hogs. Jour. Amer. Vet. Med. Assn., v. 74 
(n. s. v. 27) no. 2, p. 153-170. January 

Sheets, E. W. — When shall I get a purebred 
sire? The New Breeders Gazette, v. 94, 
no. 1, p. 7, 58, 59, January 1929. 

F. D. I. Administration 

Dunbar, P. B. — Chemistry and Food Regula- 
tion. Industrial and Engineering Chemis- 
try, vol. 20, no. 12, p. 1320. December 1028. 

McDonnell, C. C, and Graham, J. J. T. — 
The deterioration of soap-nicotine prepara- 
tions — II. Industrial and Engineering 
Chemistry, vol. 21, no. 1, January 1, 1929, 
pp. 70-73. 

Mitchell, L. C, and Alfexd, Samuel.- — 
The iodine number of Spanish paprika oil. 
Jrn. Assn. Off. Agricultural Chemists, vol. 
11, no. 4. November 1928. 

Plant Industry 

Aune, B. — Yields of beets following stated 
crops in the Belle Fourche rotations. Ef- 
fect of preceding crop on beet yields as 
large a factor as manure. Through the 
Leaves, vol. 17. p. 8. January 1929. 

Darrow, G. M. — The strawberry — a gift of the 
Pacific. Mid-Pacific Magazine, vol. 37, p. 
27-32. January 1929. 

Dorsett, P. H. — Harvest forks from willow 
trees. Notes from an explorer's diary. Na- 
tional Horticultural Magazine, vol. 8, p. 4—6. 
January 1929. 

Hahn, G. G. — Phomopsis conorum (Sacc.) 
Died. — An old fungus of the Douglas fir and 
other conifers. Transactions British Myco- 
logical Society, vol. 13, p. 278-286. Oc- 
tober 192S. 

Henry, H. H. — Changes in the Bent grass seed 
market as viewed by the seed analyst. Bul- 
letin U. S. Golf Association Green Section, 
vol. 8, p. 226-231. November 1928. 

Shear, C. L. — Plant pathology. Mid-Pacific 
Magazine, vol. 37, p. 3-10. January 1929. 

Stuart, William. — The 1928 potato crop and 
the market outlook. American Produce 
Grower, vol. 3, no. 11, p. 3, 10. November 

Wyckoff. S. N. — Report of rust control office. 
Timberman, vol. 30, no. 2, p. 50—53. De- 
cember 1928. 

Public Roads 

Benkelman, A. C. — The Virginia demonstra- 
tion road. The New Zealand Engineer, 
vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 239-245, October 15, 1928. 

Jackson, F. H. — The design of pavement con- 
crete by the water-cement ratio method. 

. The New Zealand Engineer, vol. 5, no. 8. 
pp. 275-281, November 15, 192S. 

James, E. W. — Desirable and reasonable traf- 
fic regulations for general use. Engineers 
and Engineering, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 255— 
258, November 1928. 

I. add, G. E. — Methods of controlling land- 
slides. Engineering and contracting, vol. 
07, no. 12, pp. 599-608, December 1928. 

I.add, G. E. — Methods of controlling highway 
landslides. Roads and Streets, vol. 68, no. 
11, pp. 529-538, November 1928. 

MacDonald, T. H. — Federal influence and au- 
thority. National Sand and Gravel Bulle- 
tin, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 9-16, November 15, 

Xitteberg, C. T. — Ingenious method used to 
float bridge spans to site. Engineering 
News-Record, vol. 101, no. 21, November 
22, 1928. 

Teller. L. W. — Wear of brick pavement un- 
der heavy city traffic. Engineering News- 
Record, vol. 101. no. 23, p. 852, December 
6, 1028. 

Whittle, G. D. — Stonefaced arch bridges. 
Yosemite National Park. Western Con- 
struction News, vol. 3, no. 22, pp. 719-720, 
November 25, 1928. 

[In the revised administrative regulations, 
gieater responsibility is placed upon bureau 
chiefs for approving material for outside pub- 
lication. (See sec. 604.) These regulations 
provide that one copy of each article or writ- 

ten address bearing upon the work of the de- 
partment, and prepared for outside publica- 
tion or delivery, should be sent to the Office 
of Information for reference and filing. In- 
formation concerning the fact of publication 
of an article or aadress outside the depart- 
ment, should be furnished by the bureau con- 
cerned to The Official Record for entry under 
this heading in The Record. One copy of 
each written address should be sent to the 
Director of Information, whether the address 
is destined for outside publication or not.] 


cereals, grasses 

Bledisloe, C. B., 1st baron Lydney. The inten- 
sive treatment of grassland, an address de- 
livered before the British association at 
Glasgow on Sept. 7, 1028. London, P. S. 
King, 1028. 

Denaiffe, Henri. Colle, and Sirodot. Essai 
d'bistorique du ble. Cbarleville, P. Anciaux. 

Rosenberg, Wladimir. Die veranderungen des 
getreideanbaues in Sovetrussland. Berlin. 
H. Sack, 1926. (Osteuropa-institut, Breslau, 
Das heutige Russland. hft. 6) 


McKelvey, S. D. The lilac. New York, Mae- 
millan, 1928. 


Ahern, G. P. Deforested America. Washing- 
ton, 1928. 


Madon, Paul. Les corvid§s d'Europe. Paris, 
Lechevalier, 1928. (Encyclopedie ornitho- 
logique 3. Memoire no. 1 de la SociSte 
ornithologique et niammalogique de France) 


International live stock exposition, Chicago. 
International corn borer investigations. Sci- 
entific reports. 1927-1928, ed. by Tage 
Ellinger. Chicago, 1928. 

Clements, Mrs. E. G. S. Flowers of coast and 
sierra. New York, H. W. Wilson, 1928. 

statistics, commerce 

Kuczynski, R. R. The balance of births and 
deaths, v. 1. New York, Maemillan 1928. 
Issued by ^Institute of economics of the 
Brookings' institution. 

Titford, S. H. The work of the Loudon corn 
trade association at the City of London 
college. [Liverpool, 1928?] ([City of Lon- 
don college grain trade lectures.] Lecture 
no. 3) 


What are highways for any- 
how — for traffic or for advertis- 
ing? Who pays for construc- 
tion and maintenance of roads — 
the billboards or the traveling 

All of which, in turn, makes 
not quite as far-fetched as might 
otherwise appear, the suggestion 
recently offered by a would-be 
wag that the legal definition of 
" highway robbery " be corrected 
and brought up to date in con- 
formity with this Bostonese 
rhyme : 

The law imprisons man or woman 
Who steals a goose from off the 

But lets the greater culprit loose 
Who steals the Common from the 

goose I 

— From article "The Bill- 
bourd Blight." by Samuel 
McGowan, in The Manufac- 
turers Record, Baltimore, 
issue of December .T. 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, bat usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

Some Colorado tax problems, with special 
reference to their effect on agriculture. 
W. Coombs, L. A. Moorhouse, and B. D. 
Seeley. (Colorado Sta. Bui. 346. 87 p.. 10 
figs. Sept. 1928 J Fort Collins. 

Report on inspection of commercial fertilizers. 
1028. E. M. Bailey. (Connecticut State 
Sta. Bui. 296, 95 + x p. Oct. 1928.) New 

Henrv County soils. R. S. Smith, E. E. 
DeTurk, F. C. Bauer, and L. H. Smith. 
(Illinois Sta. Soil Rept. 41, 65 p.. 4 pis., 
14 figs. Oct. 1928.) Urbana. 

Environmental factors influencing wheat pro- 
duction in Maryland. W. B. Kemp and 
J. E. Metzger. (Maryland Sta. Bui. 297. p. 
123-173, 12 figs. July 1928.) College 

Economics of strawberry production and 
marketing In Missouri. F. L. Thomsen and 
G. B. Thome. (Missouri Sta, Bui. 262. 
13S p., 54 figs. Aug. 1928 j Columbia. 

Testing fertilizers, spring. 1928. L. D. 
Haigh. (Missouri Sta. Bui. 263, 12 p. 
Sept. 1928.) Columbia. 

A standard for estimating the twig growth 
of one-year-old peach trees. M. A. Blake 
and G. W. Hervey. (New Jersey Stas. Bui. 
475, 24 p., 8 figs. Dec. 1928.) New 

Nitrate assimilation by asparagus in the ab- 
sence of light, G. T. Nightingale and 
L. G. Schermerhorn. (New Jersey Stas. 
Bui. 476, 24 p. Dec. 1928.) New Bruns- 

Analyses of commercial fertilizers, fertilizer 
supplies and home mixtures for 1928. 
C. S. Cathcart. (New Jersey Stas. Bui. 
479, 39 p. Oct. 1928.) New Brunswick. 

1929 spraying and dusting recommendations 
for apples. (New Jersey Stas. Circ. 213, 
4 p. Dec. 1928.) New Brunswick. 

1929 spray calendar for peaches. (New Jer- 
sey Stas. Circ. 214, 4 p., 3 figs. Dec. 
1928.) New Brunswick. 

1929 sprav calendar for pears. (New Jersey 
Stas. Circ. 215, 3 p. Dec. 1928.) Ne>v 

Systems of livestock farming for the moun- 
tain region of North Carolina. R. J. Saville. 
(North Carolina Sta. Bui. 260. 55 p., 13 
figs. Oct. 1928.) State College Station, 

Value of lime on Cecil clay loam soil as 
measured by the yields and profits of crops 
grown in rotation under different soil 
treatments. C. B. Williams. S. K. Jackson, 
and F. T. Meacham. (North Carolina Sta. 
Bui. 261. 26 p. Nov. 1928.) State Col- 
lege Station, Raleigh. 

Value of lime on Norfolk sandy loam soil as 
shown by the relative yields and profits of 
crops grown in rotation under different soil 
treatments. C. B. Williams. H. B. Mann, 
and R. E. Currin. jr. (North Carolina 
Sta. Bui. 262, 21 p. Nov. 192S.) State 
College Station. Raleigh. 

A business study of the Ohio poultry pro- 
ducers' cooperative association. L. G. 
Foster. (Ohio Sta. Bui. 427. 38 p.. 9 figs. 
Oct. 1928.) Wooster. 

Field work of the Ohio Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station. Wooster. Ohio. (Ohio Sta. 
[Pamphlet], 35 p., 1 pi.. 3 figs. [1928.]) 

Feeding cocoa meal to dairy heifers. H. B. 
Ellenberger and R. D. Apliu. (Vermont 
Sta. Bui. 2S4. 19 p., 6 figs. June 1928.) 

Raising dairy calves and heifers. J. V. Hop- 
kins and H. O. Henderson. (West Vir- 
ginia Sta. Circ. 52. 23 p., S figs. Oct. 
1928.) Morgantown. 

Buildings and equipment for the livestock 
farm. F. D. Cornell, jr. (West Virginia 
Sta. Circ. 53. 55 p.. 50 figs. Nov. 1928.) 

Cooperative butter marketing in Wisconsin. 
T. Macklin and M. A. Schaars. (Wiscon- 
sin Sta. Bui. 401. 39 p., 8 figs. Aug. 1928.) 




(Continued from page 1) 

rations in every available quarter as pre- 
ventives or cures for the disease. Unfor- 
tunately, the food and drugs act does 
not reach false advertising statements 
appearing in the press, or in any adver- 
tising medium not included with the 
package of the preparation itself. The 
food and drug law enforcement authori- 
ties are therefore powerless to check such 
misleading advertising, serious as the 
consequences may be in the case of those 
who are led to depend on such ineffective 
products and neglect the hygienic precau- 
tions recommended by public health au- 
thorities such as isolation, rest, sleep, 
diet, and ventilation. 

" It is a fact generally accepted by 
medical authorities, based on world-wide 
medical experience, that there is no 
known drug or combination of drugs 
which will prevent or cure influenza. 
Products labeled as effective for this 
purpose will unhesitatingly be classed as 
misbranded within the meaning of the 
food and drugs act and be treated ac- 

" It may not be amiss to add that 
manufacturers are usually cautious 
about putting unwarranted claims upon 
the labels of their products, knowing that 
they render themselves liable under the 
food and drugs act, and those who are 
inclined to take advertising claims at 
face value will frequently find that the 
labels themselves, or the circulars ac- 
companying the packages of the drugs, 
do not repeat these claims." 

Keeping Everlastingly At It 

This is by no means the first tinre the 
Department of Agriculture has taken en- 
ergetic and prompt steps under the food 
and drugs act to protect the public from 
ineffective remedies thrust upon public 
attention by unscrupulous agencies in 
times of wide prevalence of disease. For 
example, in 1916, when there were great 
numbers of cases of infantile paralysis in 
the country, the department warned the 
public, through the press and otherwise, 
against fraudulent cures, and ordered all 
food and drug inspectors to watch inter- 
state and foreign shipments for fraudu- 
lent remedies. It is of interest to note in 
this connection, part of a press release 
issued by the department in July 1916, 
apropos the infantile-paralysis situation. 
The release said : 

Any preparation offered for sale as being 
effective for the treatment of infantile paraly- 
sis should be looked upon with extreme sus- 
picion. Inspectors have been instructed to 
regard as suspicious, and to collect samples 
of, all medicines iu interstate commerce for 
which such claims are made. 

Makers of such fraudulent remedies will be 
vigorously prosecuted whenever the evidence 
warrants action under the Sherley amendment 
to the food and drugs act. So-; ailed reme- 
dies for infantile paralysis offered for import 
will be denied entry. 

The food and drug officials are particularly 
watchful in this instance, because it has been 
noted in the past that whenever a serious 
epidemic exists, unscrupulous dealers prey 
upon the fear or ignorance of the public by 
flooding the market with worthless, hastily 
prepared concoctions, for which they assert 
curative properties which have no foundation 
whatever in fact. The department will do 
everything it can under Federal law to pro- 
tect that part of the public which is credulous 
in times of panic and will grasp at anything 
which promises protection or relief. 

The people of the Republic of Haiti, 
West Indies, are manifesting intense 
interest in posters and motion pictures 
that have been issued by the United 
States Department of Agriculture on the 
subject of parasites of swine, reports Dr. 
I. B. Boughton, a veterinarian in the 
service of the Haitian Government, in a 
recent letter to the Bureau of Animal 
Industry in Washington. " We have 
inaugurated a traveling motion-picture 
program dealing with the control and 
prevention of animal diseases, and the 
success of these exhibitions has been 
nothing short of astounding," says Doctor 
Boughton. In towns of only a few hun- 
dred population, crowds ranging from 
1,000 to 3.000 have gathered to witness 
the exhibitions of the films, he says. 
The films are shown by local Haitian 
officials. Posters on animal parasites and 
diseases that have been displayed in 
rural schools, communal oifices, public- 
health stations, and stores have aroused 
great interest among the people, says 
Doctor Boughton. 

President W. T. Derrickson, of Dela- 
ware, and Secretary F. Bomberger, of 
Maryland, of the National Association of 
State Marketing Officials, recently vis- 
ited the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics in Washington to arrange for 
publication of the proceedings of the 
association's meetings held in Chicago 
in December. Frank F. George, jr., asso- 
ciate editor of the bureau, is completing 
preparation of the record of the proceed- 
ings. The record will give in full text 
the papers delivered by several members 
of the staff of the bureau at the meet- 
ings. These bureau papers will be issued 
by the association as a separate bulletin, 
as was done in the past, except in 1927 
when the proceedings appeared as a 
number of The Journal of Cooperation. 

Many significant changes have taken 
place in agricultural cooperation since 
1922. There is now a definite tendency 
toward enlargement of farmers' coopera- 
tive enterprises into operating units 
equipped to perform more of the market- 
ing functions than they have ever per- 
formed before. The cooperative associa- 
tions of to-day are making great progress 
in developing efficiency in handling and 
operation. They are having marked suc- 
cess in adapting their operating practices 
to the needs of both the producers and 
the markets. And cooperative purchas- 
ing by farmers' cooperative associations 
is passing over into the field of big 

A survey to determine why consum- 
ers bought Government-graded turkeys 
for Christmas, whether the turkeys were 
satisfactory, and if not, in what partic- 
ulars they did not please, is being made 
by the division of dairy and poultry prod- 
ucts of the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics. To collect this information a 
schedule is being mailed to each of 
more than 1,000 housewives whose names 
have been obtained from the stores 
where the turkeys were handled. The 
survey is being made in Washington, 
D. C, Baltimore, Md., Springfield, Mass., 
and other cities where the division pro- 
vided the inspection service during the 
holiday season. 



(Continued from, page 1) 
tucky; and Marvin Jones, of Texas, all 
members of the House Committee on Ag- 

Secretary Jardine presided at the cere- 
mony. In response to the Secretary's 
invitation, Senator Capper and Repre- 
sentatives Haugen and Dickinson made 
brief talks, all expressing their satisfac- 
tion at the prospect that the Department 
of Agriculture, now scattered throughout 
the District of Columbia in many build- 
ings, is soon to have a unified and 
adequate housing for its business and 
activities in the National Capital. 

Following the remarks by the Members 
of Congress, Secretary Jardine delivered 
an address. The Secretary sketched 
briefly the history of the Department of 
Agriculture and the needs of the depart- 
ment for housing which the new construc- 
tion will meet. The Secretary said: 

The Secretary's Address 

This building, the corner stone of which 
we are laying to-day, is the central unit of 
what will be, when all the units which the 
present plans call for have been completed 
I believe, a permanent and adequate home 
for the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture. It connects the east and west wings 
which were completed 21 years ago, and is to 
be supplemented by an extensible building 
south of B Street. The completed structure 
will form the world's largest single housing 
establishment for men and women engaged 
in advancing agriculture. 

Although the Department of Agriculture was 
not actually set up until 1862, its real origin 
goes back to about 1839 when Congress ap- 
propriated $1,000 for agricultural work in the 
Patent Office, then a part of the State De- 

By 1862 the annual appropriation for agri- 
cultural work amounted to $64,000, and it 
was recognized that an independent depart- 
ment was necessary. Accordingly, Congress 
passed and Abraham Lincoln signed a bill set- 
ting up such a department, but no satisfactory 
provision was made at that time for housing 
its personnel. 

It was not until 1868 that the department 
had its first real home, the building which 
stands before us and is still the main adminis- 
tration building. That was built at a cost of 
$100,000 and was adequate to house the entire 
personnel of exactly 73 people. It is of 
interest to note that the gross value of farm 
production in the United States for 1868 was 

It seemed when the department was in- 
stalled in its first home that reasonable hous- 
ing provision had been made by the Govern- 
ment for the advancement of agricultural 
science and practice. Agriculture's needs 
from the very beginning have always out- 
stripped the provisions made for meeting 
them, and will probably continue to do so 
for many years to come. 

Accordingly, Congress took another step 
forward, and the two wings which this cen- 
tral structure joins were made possible when 
Congress in 1906 appropriated $1,500,000 for 
their construction. They were completed in 
1908. In that year the total number of em- 
ployees in the department was 10,500, and 
of this number 2.500 were in Washington. 
Department expenditures for 1908 were less 
than approximately $14,000,000, while the 
gross value of farm products had increased 
to nearly $8,000,000,000, or over three times 
the amount for the year 1868. the year the 
main building was constructed. 

As soon as the two wings were completed 
in 1908 they were filled to capacity and it 
became immediately necessary to secure ad- 
ditional accommodations. It was increas- 
ingly difficult to organize the department's 
wcrk effectively and economically. The de- 
partment's functions and personnel were con- 
stantly increased but not its own housing 

We get a striking picture of the depart- 
ment's growth by recalling that in 1908 the 
expenditures amounted to less than $14,000,- 
000, whereas last year we spent close to 
$160,000,000. The number of employees has 



increased to 22,000, of which 5,000 are in 
Washington. The gross value of farm pro- 
duction in 192S was approximately §16.000,- 
000.000, as compared with slightly over $2.- 
000.000,000 in 1868 and $8,000,000,000 in 

The present housing situation of the de- 
partment is wholly unsatisfactory. A total 
of 45 buildings or sections of buildings arc 
occupied in Washington by the various 
branches of work. Some of the bureaus have 
their people in as many as 8 or 10 buildings. 
This has resulted in impaired efficiency and 
economic loss. 

This central unit which connects the two 
wings will be ready for occupancy about May 
of next vear, at a cost of $2,000,000. It will 
have a floor space of 73,000 square feet, and 
together . with the two wings will give the 
completed building 229.000 square feet. This 
central unit will house only the adminis- 
trative forces. 

Fortunately, provision has been made for 
the construction also of the first unit of the 
extensible building south of B Street. This 
unit, which will cover an entire city block, 
will furnish an additional 320,000 square feet 
of space, and $5,750,000 has been authorized 
for the construction of the entire extensible 
building. It will later be extended by the 
addition of wings east and west over two 
more city blocks. 

When this building program is completed 
we will have what promises to be adequate 
accommodation, at least for a considerable 
time. It will then no longer be necessary for 
the department to pay something like $200.- 

000 a year for unsatisfactory accommodation, 
and then, for the first time in its history, the 
department will have a physical plant in 
Washington suited to the needs of its grow- 
ing and vitally important work. 

This building has been designed with a dig- 
nity and simplicity very appropriate for the 
national headquarters for work in agricul- 
ture. Twelve Corinthian columns of white 
marble will be a striking feature of the cvu- 
tral unit, which, along with the two wings, 
will be built of white marble. The entire 
building will have a marble frontage of 750 
feet. Its interior will be substantial and serv- 
iceable for offices, libraries, and laboratories, 
but without elaborate or ornate finish. 

It is therefore with deep satisfaction that 

1 express to the President and Congress of the 
United States, on behalf of the Department 
of Agriculture, appreciation of the adminis- 
trative and legislative acts that make pos- 
sible this national home for agriculture. Fur- 
ther, we wish to thank the Treasury officials 
who have worked with us in pushing this 
work forward. 

We are a progressive people. Equally, we 
are a generous, "appreciative people. In the 
best sense, the expenditure for this structure 
will prove not only a good investment, for it 
will remove a serious handicap from the de- 
partment's work, but it is also a symbol of 
our national responsibility to those who make 
up a quarter of our population. 

Contents of Corner Stone 

Sealed in the hollow of the cornerstone 
are the following documents and miscel- 
lany, which were collected and placed 
there by M. S. Eisenhower, director of 
the Office of Information, Office of the 
Secretary : 

A copy of the list of technical employees of 
the Department of Agriculture, edition of 
1928 ; a copy of the Agriculture Budget, fiscal 
vear 1930 ; copies of The Yearbook of Agri- 
culture, years 1919-1927. inclusive ; a copy of 
the annual report of the Secretary to the 
President, 1928 ; specimen copies of Depart- 
tit of Agriculture periodicals, among them 
The Official Record, The Experiment Station 
Record. The Journal of Agricultural Research, 
The Agricultural Situation, Crops and Mar- 
kets, The Forest Worker, Public Roads Mag- 
azine, The Snow and Ice Bulletin, The 
Weather and Crop Bulletin, and The 
Monthly Weather Review ; specimen copies 
nf the press-matter Clip Sheet of the Press 
Service ; farmers' bulletins ; technical and de- 
partment bulletins; leaflets; miscellaneous 
publications; statistical bulletins; circulars 
and miscellaneous circulars; soil surveys; re- 
ports of the insular experiment stations ; serv- 
ice and regulatory announcements ; special 
Weather Bureau publications; Historical 
Sketch of the Department of Agriculture, 
lv.0-1907 ; History of the Organization of 
the Department of Agriculture. 1904-05; post- 
ers; the publication, A Primer of Forestry: 
the publication. A History of Agricultural 
Extension in the United States ; the book 


Says National Security Will Call for Drastic Measures If the Cooperative Method of Forest 
Conservation Proves Inadequate 

The grave consequences of allowing 
deforestation to continue make it im- 
perative that the Federal Government, 
the States, and timberland owners join 
cooperatively in a more positive and ag- 
gressive effort to end the evils of forest 
devastation, said Secretary Jardine in a 
statement made recently in connection 
with comments on a pamphlet. Defor- 
ested America, written by Maj. George P 
Ahem, formerly chief forester of the 
Philippines and one of the earliest ex- 
ponents of modern forestry in the United 
States. The pamphlet has been widely 
circulated by ex-Gov. Gifford Pinchot, of 
Pennsylvania, who was Chief Forester of 
the United States during the administra- 
tion of President Roosevelt. 

Pointing out the progress made thus 
far in the cooperative forestry move- 
ment. Secretary Jardine expressed the 
belief that cooperation between govern- 
ment and industry is applicable to the 
forest situation on a much larger scale 
than it has hitherto been applied, but 
stated that if the cooperative method 
proves inadequate, national security will 
require that it be supplemented or sup- 
planted by more drastic measures. 

Although expressing the view that the 
forest situation is far from satisfactory 
and that forest destruction is wide- 
spread, Secretary Jardine pointed to the 
progress made in forestry, especially 
under the cooperative forest fire control 
program of the Federal Government, the 
States, and private landowners. In this 
program. States and many private land- 
owners have worked loyally with the De- 
partment of Agriculture, said the Sec- 
retary, and progress is being made by 
some of the more progressive lumber 
companies and landowners in the adop- 
tion of other improved forest practices 
besides fire protection. 

" The Department of Agriculture is 
interested in the forest problem not only 
as a matter of timber supply but as a 
matter of productive use of land. One- 
fourth of our total land area is better 
suited physically and economically for 
forest production than for any other pur- 
pose, and the continued deterioration of 
this vast resource is adversely affecting 
agriculture as well as every other line 
of industry." 

Diseases of the Horse, edition of 1923 ; the 
book Diseases of Cattle, edition of 1923 ; 
copies of informational matter prepared and 
issued by the radio service ; specimen copies 
of releases furnished to the outside press by 
the press service ; original cover pages of 
department publications ; a copy of the com- 
pilation Laws Applicable to the United States 
Department of Agriculture ; specimen photo- 
grauhs and lantern slides made according to 
recently developed methods in photography 
used by the department in its informational 
work; "maps of national forests, State for- 
ests, national parks, national monuments, 
and Indian reservations ; a copy of the procla- 
mation which established the first national 
forest ; and other publications ; and photo- 
graphs of Secretary Jardine, Assistant Sec- 
retary R. W. Dunlap, the directors of work 
under the Secretary, chiefs of bureaus, the 
chief clerk and the disbursing officer of the 
department, and the old administration build- 
ing of the department. 

The inscription on the stone reads as fol- 
lows : " A. W. Mellon, Secretary of the Treas- 
ury ; William M. Jardine. Secretary of Agri- 
culture ; James A. Wetmore, Acting Super- 
vising Architect ; Rankin and Kellogg, 

On January 1 the number of sheep 
and lambs on feed for market in the 
principal feeding States was about 252,- 

000 head, or 5y 2 per cent larger than the 
number January 1, 1928. The number 
on feed in the Corn Belt States, includ- 
ing Nebraska, was 389,000 larger this 
January 1 than last. On this January 

1 the number on feed in the Western 
States as a whole was about 140,000 
smaller than on January 1 a year ago. 
These are estimates of the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. - 

The Forest Service estimates that if 
the forests of southeastern Alaska are 
maintained under good forestry manage- 
ment they can annually produce 1.500.- 
000 cords of pulpwood, enough for 1.000.- 
000 tons of newsprint paper, and do it 
in perpetuity. 


A film showing how a modern concrete 
arch bridge over the Yadkin River in 
North Carolina was tested to determine 
its maximum strength, has just been- re- 
leased by the department. It was pro- 
duced by tbe office of motion pictures 
for the Bureau of Public Roads. Tests 
of the bridge, abandoned because of the 
building of a dam in tlie river, were made 
by engineers of the bureau and of the 
North Carolina State highway depart- 
ment. The bridge was about a quarter 
of a mile long. There were 17 spans, 
three of which were 146 feet in length, 
the others being concrete girder approach 
spans. Under the arch of one of the 
146-foot spans, a scaffolding was built. 
On the scaffold the engineers, with their 
instruments, took measurements as the 
loads were imposed in different positions 
upon the structure. Although the bridge 
did not collapse under even the heaviest 
load, it did develop some serious cracks 
which would have made it dangerous for 
traffic. About 20 minutes are required 
for showing the film. Requests for the 
film should be addressed to the office of 
motion pictures, Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington. Transportation costs 
are paid by the borrower. 

The Bureaus of Agricultural Econom- 
ics and Animal Industry are cooperating 
with the West Virginia and Virginia ex- 
periment stations in an economic study 
of beef cattle production in the Appa- 
lachian region. An effort is being made 
to determine what methods of produc- 
tion and what systems of farming are 
best suited to beef-cattle production in 
the rougher grazing section of the re- 
gion, and the econonric feasibility of pro- 
ducing cattle of a srade and quality 
which will more nearly meet market de- 


United States 


of Agriculture 

Certificate: By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative Information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, January 31, 1929 

No. 5 


Foot-and-Mouth Disease Found in Gar- 
bage-Fed Swine Herd Near Los 
Angeles — 3,500 Slaughtered 

On January 19 the department an- 
nounced to the public, through the press 
and by radio, that foot-and-mouth dis- 
ease, a serious malady of livestock which 
has appeared in the United States on 
only a few occasions, had broken out in 
a herd of 3,500 hogs on a garbage-feeding 
ranch in Los Angeles County, Calif., near 
the town of Whittier. The presence of 
the disease in the herd was suspected on 
January 17, the suspicion was confirmed 
by positive diagnosis on the 18th, and 
the entire herd was slaughtered and 
buried on the 19th. The summary dis- 
patch of the herd of 3,500, together with 
a number of cattle and goats on adja- 
cent premises which may have been ex- 
posed, apparently has snuffed out the 
outbreak. The cause of the outbreak is 
still under investigation. Indications 
are that the infection was carried in 
garbage which had been trucked to the 
farm from San Pedro from a ship that 
had been provisioned at a foreign port. 
San Pedro is the port of Los Angeles. 
No new cases of infection have been 
found. The Bureau of Animal Industry 
and the cooperating State and county 
forces are maintaining the utmost vigi- 
lance in the emergency. 

The eradication force which was rushed 
to the scene of action at Whittier, at the 
earliest possible moment, consists of- 
about 50 trained city, county, State, and 
Federal inspectors. It is ready for any 
emergency. The nucleus of the force is a 
corps of inspectors who are veterans of 
former outbreaks of foot-and-mouth dis- 

The State and Federal quarantine 
which was promptly established to pre- 
vent the spread of any infection that 
might remain in the area, is being en- 
forced rigidly. Veterinary inspectors 
have examined all susceptible animals 
within a three-mile radius of the infected 
hog ranch, and when this issue of The 
Official Record went to press, last Thurs- 
day, they were extending their examina- 
tion of livestock over a considerably 
greater area. 

Reports from Dr. Rudolph Snyder, in- 
spector in charge of Federal veterinary 
forces in California, have been to the 
effect that nothing has been taken for 
granted in the emergency, that the co- 
operation of local, county, and State of- 
ficials was excellent, and that inspection 
(Continued on page 3) 

31954°— 29 


Director of personnel and business adminis- 
tration of the Department of Agriculture, who 
has been elected president of The Federal Club 
by unanimous vote. The club was organized 
in 1920, with the indorsement of President 
Harding. It is an organization of officials of 
the Federal Government and the government of 
the District of Columbia, having as its pur- 
poses the advancement of standards of admin- 
istration and of personnel and the promotion 
of cooperation and efficiency in the business 
of government. Doctor Stockberger has been 
a member of the board of directors of the 
club, representing the Department of Agricul- 
ture branch of the club on the board. 


Farmers Learning That Large Scale 

Organizations Are Necessary in 

Marketing, Says Christensen 

The development of agriculture's busi- 
ness organizations is following the trail 
blazed by industry and commerce. In 
the last 40 years, small business enter- 
prises, whether owned by an individual or 
jointly by a number of individuals, have 
been overshadowed by the formation of 
large corporations. In the last decade, 
mergers and consolidations have resulted 
in the creation of even larger units. This 
was said by Chris L. Christensen, in 
charge of the division of cooperative mar- 
keting, Bureau of Agricultural Econom- 
ics, in an address delivered recently at 
the University of Illinois, Urbana, during 
Farmers' Week at the university. He 
said ; 

(Continued on page 7) 


Experiments Are Promising, But It is 

Still Too Early to Predict as to 

Commercial Production 

Experimental plantings of several dif- 
ferent kinds of tropical rubber plants 
in Florida are demonstrating that rubber- 
yielding trees and vines are able to 
nourish under Florida conditions, but the 
department is not yet able to make pre- 
dictions as to the possibilities of com- 
mercial rubber production in Florida. 

In the vicinity of Miami, last winter 
was considered the most severe winter 
that had been experienced in 40 years. 
The severity of the winter afforded a 
good test of reactions of the plants to 
cold weather. Many small plants were 
killed, but those of larger growth and 
in good condition were not injured in 
most cases. Some were cut back by 
frost but they recovered promptly and 
made vigorous growth through the sum- 
mer. All the principal types of rubber 
trees, including those used for planting 
in tropical Asia, Africa, and South 
America, are represented by thriving 
pants in the Florida experiments. The 
experiments are under the direction of 
O. F. Cook, botanist in charge of the 
office of cotton, rubber, and other tropi- 
cal plant investigations, Bureau of Plant 

The Chapman Field plantings are near 
the coast, and it was evident that the 
strong sea breeze retarded the growth 
of the young trees and that protection 
was necessary. When protection was 
supplied the plants responded with vig- 
rous growth, apparently as normal and 
as rapid as in the Tropics. Even the 
Hevea or Para rubber tree of Brazil is 
showing ability to thrive there. At 
Chapman Field the seedlings and young 
trees that have had protection from the 
wind have grown as well as, or better 
than, similar stock in plantings under 
tropical conditions in Haiti and Panama. 
It is probable that normal Hevea trees 
nay grow to maturity in many areas of 
southern Florida, says Mr. Cook. 

Locations must be chosen where the 
roots can reach the level of permanent 
moisture in the soil, and shelter from 
the wind will be needed if the seedlings 
are to develop rapidly, says Mr. Cook. 
'Apparently," he says, " they are not 
less tolerant of cold than many of the 
tropical plants that have been introduced 
in southern Florida. It is still too early 
to form an opinion regarding the feasi- 
bility of growing rubber in Florida, but 
(Continued on page S) 




Norbeck Bill Would Give Authority and 

Funds for Control of Predacious 

and Other Animals 

Authority for the Secretary of Agri- 
culture to carry out a 10-year program 
for the eradication, suppression, or bring- 
ing under control of predatory and other 
wild animals injurious to agriculture and 
other interests, and for the suppression 
of rabies or tularemia in wild animals, 
is provided in a bill (S. 5488) introduced 
in Congress by Senator Norbeck, of South 
Dakota. The bill would authorize an ap- 
propriation of $1,016,634 for the fiscal 
year 1931. For the succeeding nine fiscal 
years, 1932 to 1940, inclusive, the an- 
nual appropriation would be $1,378,700. 
Among the animals mentioned as coining 
within the scope of the measure are 
mountain lions, wolves, coyotes, bobcats, 
prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, 
and jack rabbits. 

Senator Heflin, of Alabama, has intro- 
duced a bill (S. 5474) authorizing the 
Director of the Census to ascertain and 
publish as a separate item in his report 
of cotton statistics, the number of bales 
of linters as distinguished from the num- 
ber of bales of cotton in the carryover. 

Amendment of existing animal quaran- 
tine legislation, so that States or Terri- 
tories will be free to act in cases not 
covered by regulatory action of the 
United States Department of Agriculture, 
is proposed in a joint resolution (S. J. 
Res. 202) introduced by Senator Walsh 
of Montana. The bill provides that noth- 
ing in the Federal quarantine laws shall 
be construed to prevent the States from 
imposing quarantines against the ship- 
ment ("thereto, therein, or through") 
of livestock, including poultry, from any 
State or Territory or part thereof where 
a livestock or poultry disease exists, if 
regulatory action has not already been 
taken by the Federal Government The 
bill authorizes the Secretary of Agricul- 
ture, whenever he deems such action ad- 
visable and necessary, to cooperate with 
any State, Territory, or district in con- 
nection with any quarantine that may 
have been promulgated by such State. 
Territory, or district. 

Authority for the Secretary of Agri- 
culture to make advances or loans to 
farmers in flood-stricken areas in Orange 
County, N. Y., for the crop of 1929, would 
be given under a bill (H. R. 16501) intro- 
duced by Representative Fish, of New 
York. A maximum of .$500 would be 
placed on advances or loans to individual 
farmers. The bill would appropriate 
$50,000 to carry out its objects. 

The permanent protection of the water- 
shed and water supply of the city of Ash- 
land. Jackson County. Oreg., is contem- 
plated in a bill (H. R. 16450) introduced 
by Representative Hawley, of Oregon. 

Other bills introduced are : 


S. 4674. — Thomas ( Idaho i. Amendment to 
bill establishing Grand Teton National Park 
In Wyoming, and revising boundary of Yellow- 
Stone National Park. 

S. 5228. — Keyes (New Hampshire). Relat- 
ing to Abraham Lincoln National Park and 

S. 5401. — McNary (Oregon). Consenting 
that suit may be brought against United 
States with respect to claims relating to Lake 
Malheur Reservation. 

S. 5462. — Bingham (Connecticut). To pre- 
serve the right of the public to fish in waters 
on public lands hereafter patented. 


H. R. 16394. — Hawley (Oregon). Authoriz- 
ing the United States to be made party de- 
fendant to any suit to determine title to bed 
of Lakes Slaltieur and Harney. 


The open season for the shooting of 
wild ducks, wild geese, brant, coots, and 
Wilson snipe or jacksnipe closes at sun- 
set to-day on Long Island (New York), 
and in New Jersey, Delaware. Maryland, 
the District of Columbia, Virginia, Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, 
Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas. 
New Mexico, and Arizona. In all other 
parts of the country the season closed 
on December 31. January 7, or January 
15. The Federal law and regulations 
permit migratory game birds that have 
been legally killed to be possessed in 
any State during the period constituting 
the open season in the State where killed 
and for the additional 10 days immedi- 
ately following the close of tb.e open sea- 
son. The birds mentioned may not be 
possessed in any State after February 
10. In States where the open season 
closed earlier under the Federal regula- 
tions, the possession of the birds taken 
in those States was not legal after Jan- 
uary 10, January 17, or January 25, 
depending upon the closing date of the 
open season, but birds taken in a State 
where the open season continued through 
the month of January, may be possessed 
in any State, if allowed by State law, 
until February 10. Carcasses of migra- 
tory game birds found in storage or else- 
where after the close of these possession 
seasons not only will be seized but the 
owners will be liable to prosecution in 
Federal courts. 



At the request of pecan growers' as- 
sociations, the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, through its division of crop 
and livestock estimates, is making a sur- 
vey of the production of cultivated pe- 
cans in the Southeastern and Gulf 
States. The first step is being taken 
by the statisticians in the States in- 
volved, through a questionnaire to spe- 
cial lists of correspondents. County 
agents, members of pecan growers' asso- 
ciations, and railroads, are being circu- 
larized in an attempt to get additional 
names of growers from whom informa- 
tion can be obtained. The limited funds 
provided for this investigation will be 
utilized in travel and to employ help in 
the field. Information will be obtained 
on the number of trees of different ages. 
varieties, production, method of disposal 
(if nuts, and prices received. The States 
in the survey are Georgia. Mississippi, 
Alabama. Florida. South Carolina, North 
Carolina, Louisiana. Arkansas. Texas 
Oklahoma, Missouri, and Illinois, 


the Last Decade the Consolidated 
Type Has Appeared at the Rate 
of a Thousand a Year 

In the last, decade, consolidated rural 
schools have been appearing in the 
I/nited States, taking the place of groups 
of 1-teacher schools, at the rate of 1.000 
a year, says a statement of the Bureau 
of Education just issued by the Depart- 
ment of the Interior. The statement 
goes on to say the following: 

A widespread sentiment in favor of the 
centralized school has grown up in the 
last 25 years. It has been nearly a hun- 
dred years since Horace Mann, in his 
vigorous campaign for educational im- 
provement in Masaschusetts, called atten- 
tion to the weaknesses of the 1-room 
schools. The argument has been ad- 
vanced that one teacher with all grades 
can not be expected to accomplish re- 
sults equal to those made possible by the 
specialization of the well-graded school, 
that 1-room schools are usually taught 
by the least trained and youngest teach- 
ers, that the percentage of attendance in 
1-teacher schools is far below that of 
grade schools. 'and that the social advau- • 
tages offered by larger schools give those 
schools a superiority in training pupils 
for life than can not be equaled by small 

This growth in number of large rural 
schools is due chiefly to the following 
facts : Thoughtful people realize that the 
large and well-equipped school has many 
social and administrative advantages 
over the small one ; that great improve- 
ment in roads has taken place; and that 
with the modern school bus. equipped 
with comfortable seats, heaters, windows, 
and front and rear doors, pupils can be 
transported to school satisfactorily and 

Consolidated or centralized schools 
have been formed chiefly from a number 
of 1-teacher schools, with resulting ma- 
terial reduction in the number of small 
schools. In 1920 the number of 1-teach- 
er schools was approximately 1S9.000 in 
the 4S States. Six years later the num- 
ber was approximately 161.000. For 
these six years the average annual de- 
crease was 4,600. These figures, to- 
gether with statistics showing the in- 
crease in the number of large rural 
schools, are evidence of progress made 
in improving rural school conditions. 

An extensive investigation was made 
in 1921-22, to compare instructional re- 
sults in 1-teacher and consolidated 
schools. This study showed higher me- 
dian scores for 10.999 pupils in 135 con- 
solidated schools, than for 4.653 pupils 
of corresponding grades in 374 1-teacher 
schools in 20 different States, on the sub- 
jects of reading, arithmetic, language. 
spelling, and handwriting. Comparable 
scores in practically all the less exten- 
sive studies, show that pupils trained in 
large rural schools acquire a better mas- 
tery of the fundamentals of learning, 
grade for grade, than those trained in 
1-teacher schools, 



Commission Selects River Route — High- 
way to Be Built Under Supervision 
of Bureau of Roads 

The Mount Vernon Memorial Highway, 
which is to run from the Virginia end of 
the new Arlington Memorial Bridge in 
the District of Columbia to the George 
Washington estate at Mount Vernon, sev- 
eral miles below the Capital on the Vir- 
ginia shore of the Potomac, will follow 
the course of the Potomac River along 
the Virginia shore. Selection of this 
route was announced January 24 by the 
United States Commission for the Cele- 
bration of the Two-Hundredth Anniver- 
sary of the Birth of George Washington. 
The surveys for the routes under con- 
sideration were made by Engineers of 
the Bureau of Public Roads of this de- 
partment. An appropriation of $4,500,000 
for construction of the highway has been 
authorized by Congress. 

The highway will be 15.4 miles long. 
It will start from Arlington Memorial 
bridge, on Columbia Island. It will 
leave Columbia Island at its southern 
end and pass under the Virginia-shore 
spans of the so-called Highway Bridge 
and the railroad bridge, and then follow 
the Potomac as closely as topography, 
alignment, grades, and plans for future 
development will permit. Gravelly Point, 
which is about a half mile below the rail- 
road bridge; is being proposed as a site 
for an airport, and the highway will be 
laid out with a view to providing for the 
contingency that an airport may be es- 
tablished at this site. 

The route goes through the heart of 
historic Alexandria, crosses Hunting 
Creek, and follows the Potomac to the 
postern gates of Mount Vernon. At no 
point on the highway will the grade be 
greater than 6 per cent; for a consider- 
able part of the way the grade will be less 
than 1 per cent. 

Except in Alexandria City, the right of 
way will be 20O feet wide, with a 40- 
fcot pavement and two 10-foot shoul- 
ders. Where conformation of ground is 
suitable there will be two 20-foot pave- 
ments on different levels ; the higher road 
will overlook the lower and the space 
between will be used either for parking 
or planting. The highway will have the 
two levels near Abingdon Ho\ise, the 
birthplace of Nellie Custis. and near 
Pour-Mile Run, and at two or three 
points south of Alexandria. 

Seven monumental masonry bridges 
will be constructed. These will harmon- 
ize with the Arlington Memorial Bridge, 
and will have a 60-foot roadway with a 
5-foot sidewalk on either side. 

Automobile parking places will be des- 
ignated along the route between the 
highway and the river bank, particularly 
at the most attractive spots. Plantings, 
dictated by soil conditions, will be made 
along the route. 

The highway is to be completed in 1932, 
under a three-year program. For 1928 
and 1929, $2,500,000 are available. For 
each of the years 1930 and 1931 $1,000,000 
will be available. In the first year of 
construction heavy fills and hydraulic fills 

will be placed, and probably some work 
on foundation for structures in certain 
localities will be done. Grading will be 
completed in the second year, and paving 
of the road and parking places will be 
begun. The third year will be devoted 
to the completion of paving, especially 
over heavy fills, to planting, and to fin- 
ishing of parking spaces. 

Construction of the highway is under 
the direct supervision and control of the 
Bureau of Public Roads, so delegated by 
the Secretary of Agriculture, under Con- 
gressional authority. 

Bids for heavy fills will be advertised 
for in the near future. 

The commission consists of the follow- 

The President of the United States, 
chairman ; Senator Simeon D. Fess, of 
Ohio, vice chairman ; the Vice President, 
Gen. Charles G. Dawes ; the Speaker of 
the House, Hon. Nicholas Longworth, of 
Ohio ; Senator Arthur Capper, of Kan- 
sas ; Senator Carter Glass, of Virginia ; 
Senator Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; 
Representative Willis C. Hawley, of 
Oregon ; Representative John Q. Tilson, 
of Connecticut ; Representative John N. 
Garner, of Texas ; Representative Joseph 
W. Byrns, of Tennessee. 

The following were appointed by the 
President : Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook, 
of Pennsylvania, former president gen- 
eral of the National Society of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution ; 
Mrs. Mary Sherman, of Colorado, former 
president general of the Federation of 
Women's Clubs ; Henry Ford, of Detroit, 
Mich. ; Col. Hanford MacNider, of Iowa ; 
C. Bascom Slemp. of Washington, D. C. ; 
Edgar D. Piper, of Oregon ; Prof. Albert 
Bushnell Hart, of Massachusetts ; and 
Bernard M. Baruch, of New York. 

William Tyler Page, of Maryland. 
Clerk of the House of Representatives of 
the United States, is executive secretary 
of the Commission. 



(Continued from page 1) 

work was progressing rapidly and thor- 

A disinfectant that is new in foot-and- 
mouth disease eradication work is being 
used for disinfecting employees. Sodium 
hydroxide, of which caustic soda is the 
familiar commercial form, is the active 
principle of the disinfectant. The use of 
this disinfectant results from the find- 
ings and recommendations of the United 
States Department of Agriculture Foot- 
and-Mouth Disease Commission which 
studied the disease in Europe several 
years ago. 

Although the department is optimistic 
as to the foot-and-mouth disease situa- 
tion, it has urged and is urging the pub- 
lic, by press and radio, to report any 
suspicious cases to the nearest veteri- 
narian or any livestock official, either 
State or Federal. 

The foot-and-mouth malady affects 
principally cattle, sheep, swine, and goats. 
Blisters occur in the mouth and in the 
clefts of the feet, and in a few days 
drooling and lameness may occur. Other 
symptoms may be present, but these just 
mentioned are the most noticeable. 

Advises Dairymen to Grow More 
Legumes to Get Cheaper Protein 

Dairymen of Pennsylvania were urged 
to increase their acreages of alfalfa and 
clover, in order to supply some of the 
protein for their herd rations more eco- 
nomically than protein ordinarily costs 
when bought in the form of mill feeds 
and concentrates, by W. H. Hosternran, 
hay marketing specialist of the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, in speaking be- 
fore the Pennsylvania Dairymen's As- 
sociation at Harrisburg January 23. He 
said : 

" Although it is not considered advis- 
able to substitute legume hays entirely 
for concentrates in the rations, they 
should be. used to a far greater extent 
than at present in most dairy communi- 
ties to reduce the cost of the ration. 
There are many sections in Pennsyl- 
vania where large acreages of timothy 
are harvested and stored as the principal 
roughage for highproducing dairy cows. 
In these areas, timothy is often allowed 
to stand until the seeds are ripe and the 
plants have turned brown, at which time 
it has very little feed value. 

" Much of the land in Pennsylvania on 
which timothy is now grown may not be 
suitable in its present condition for the 
production of alfalfa or clover. Many of 
these soil areas, however, can be made 
suitable for alfalfa or clover by an in- 
vestment in lime and phosphates, for the 
correction of soil deficiencies, that will 
bring profitable returns from these legume 
crops. Where conditions are favorable, 
alfalfa will give better results than clover 
because of its higher yield per acre, its 
higher nutritive value, and because the 
stands do not have to be renewed so 

He advised the dairymen who buy all 
or part of their requirements of hay, to 
buy on Federal grade with the specifica- 
tion that the shipper shall furnish a 
Federal certificate of complete inspection. 


J. O. Williams, in charge of the horse 
and mule investigations of the Bureau 
of Animal Industry, has been selected as 
judge by the board of directors of the 
San Francisco National Horse Show, 
which will hold its first annual show at 
San Francisco, Calif., February 2 to 9. 
Mr. Williams also has been selected to 
make the awards in the Arabian classes 
at the Los Angeles National Horse Show, 
to be held at Los Angeles, February 
6 to 23. In the interval between these 
shows he will visit a number of horse- 
producing ranches in California, where 
many famous studs have been establish- 
ed. In the last few years there has been 
an increase in activity in horse breeding 
in California. Saddle horses have be- 
come especially popular on the Pacific 

Sir Horace Plunkett, of Ireland, inter- 
nationally known sociologist and econo- 
mist, said in a letter recently received 
by a sociologist of the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics that the United States 
Department of Agriculture is " the most 
widely useful department in the world" 



Umtth) States 



issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 



Washington, D. C. 

Thb Official Recobd is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Recobd must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the chief of bureau 
or office officially concerned with the subject 
matter. Copy must be received before Thurs- 
day in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. The office of 
The Official Record is at 215 Thirteenth 
Street SW., in the Press Service. Telephone : 
MaiD 4650, branch 242. 



Stanley P. Young, in charge of the di- 
vision of economic investigations of the 
Bureau of Biological Survey, attended 
the annual meeting of the National "Wool- 
growers Association at Phoenix, Ariz., 
January 29-30, and will attend the an- 
nual meeting of the American National 
Livestock Association at San Francisco, 
Calif., early in February. On his trip, 
Mr. Young, who was formerly in charge 
of the bureau's predatory-animal control 
operations in Colorado, will confer with 
bureau leaders in New Mexico regarding 
predatory-animal and rodent control 
problems, and will inspect the eradica- 
tion-methods laboratory of the Survey at 
Denver. He will return to Washington 
about the middle of February via Utah, 
where he will confer with forest officials. 


Issuance of quarterly reports of to- 
bacco stocks by classifications and stand- 
ards established by this department, as 
provided for in the Gilbert Act, which 
was signed by the President January 14, 
has been delegated to the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. The new act 
supersedes the act of April 30, 1912, pro- 
viding for the collection of tobacco sta- 
tistics by the Bureau of the Census. It 
directs the Department of Agriculture to 
collect and publish information not only 
as to stocks of tobacco by types, as pre- 
viously reported by the Census, but re- 
ports of tobacco by groups of grades as 
well. Under the new legislation, dealers, 
manufacturers, growers, cooperative asso- 
ciations, warehousemen, brokers, holders, 
or owners, other than original growers, 
are required to furnish quarterly to the 
Department of Agriculture information 
as of January 1. April 1, July 1, and 
October 1 of each year. The reports 
will show stocks of tobacco for the last 
fmir crop years, including the year of the 
report, which will be shown separately. 
Nils A. Olsen, chief of the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, discussing the 
bill, says : " The segregation of stocks 

as to the years of production should 
prove desirable, as it is considered that 
tobacco of the last four crops will be in 
direct competition with the crops to be 
produced. Such segregation in the re- 
ports should assist fanners in marketing 
their tobacco and making plans for future 
crops." No funds are available under 
the Gilbert Act, but an estimate for the 
necessary appropriation has been sub- 
mitted to the Bureau of the Budget, 
and it is expected that funds will be- 
come available under the second defi- 
ciency act. As soon as funds are pro- 
vided, further announcement will be 
made by the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics as to the organization for carry- 
ing on the work. 


" Knowledge of the value of a crop of 
wheat is the first essential in marketing 
the crop," said Dr. O. C. Stine, in charge 
of the division of statistical and histori- 
cal research, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics, in a paper read before one of the 
sectional meetings of the recent conven- 
tion of the American Association of 
Land-Grant Colleges and Universities. 
He said : " In producing and disposing 
of his wheat the wheat farmer should 
have current information as to the 
world's supply of wheat and what the 
consumers of the world are able and 
willing to pay for wheat. Statistical 
analysis shows that when the world's 
supply of wheat is known and the gen- 
eral price level is known and the trend 
of demand is known, the average price 
for the marketing season in a large cen- 
tral market can be calculated to provide 
a basis for estimating the value of a 
bushel of wheat This value on any 
given farm depends upon its relation to 
the market, and this relationship is 
measurable. Farmers must know the 
probable course of prices through the 
season. Analysis of the frequent fluctu- 
ations in price will reveal the cause of 
the fluctuations. These fluctuations can 
be explained largely by current facts and 
can be anticipated. Price analysis pro- 
vides a basis for judging the important 
facts about crops and markets. With 
such knowledge, producers should be able 
to market near the best time and to 
help in the stabilization of prices by 
regulating the flow and refusing to sell 
when prices are below real values." 

Approximately 257.000 short tons of the 
cottonseed meal produced from the cotton 
crop of 1927 was used as fertilizer, says 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
This tonnage was about 12 per cent of 
the crushings of that year's crop. About 
444.000 tons, or nearly 16 per cent, of the 
crushings from the 1926 crop was used 
for the same purpose. Of the 257.000 tons 
of the 1927 crop which was used as fer- 
tilizer, about 170.000 tons was used di- 
rectly by farmers and 87,000 tons by 
manufacturers in production of commer- 
cial fertilizers. Production of cottonseed 
cake and meal from the 1927 crop of 
seed totaled about 2,093,000 tons. Of 
this amount approximately 309,000 tons 
was' exported during the crop year, which, 
together with the amount used as fer- 
tilizer, left about 1.527,000 tous available 
for feed and other uses. 


Bureau of Pensions 

Government Holds Nearly $1,000,000 in Retirement- 
Fund Money Which Does Not Belong to It But Belongs 
to Employees Now Oct of the Service 

The retirement division of the Bureau of 
Pensions. Department of the Interior, estimates 
that there are 50,000 former employees of the 
Government, separated from the service prior 
to July 1, 1927, to whom unclaimed refunds 
are due. These refunds are on the score of 
deductions for the retirement fund withheld 
from pay during the period of service but not 
claimed by the individuals when they left 
the service or subsequently. 

These refunds are estimated to average 
about S20 each and to aggregate around 
$1,000,000. The people to whom they are 
due are short-time employees, relatives of em- 
ployees who died while in the service or later, 
and former employees who have left the money 
in the fund under the erroneous impression 
that interest was accumulating. 

The retirement law provided at first that 
2% per cent of the pay of all civil service 
employees should be held out and be applied 
to the establishment and maintenance of the 
retirement fund. An amendment to the law, 
effective July 1, 1926, raised that amount to 
3% per cent. If employees continue in the 
service until they reach the retirement age 
they are retired on pay. If thev stay in for 
a while and are then separated from the serv- 
ice they are entitled to a refund of the 
amounts that have been held out of their 
pay plus interest to date* of separation. The 
Government informs them that the refund is 
due them. It appears that in 50.000 cases the 
refundable money has not been claimed. This 
money draws no interest for the person to 
whom it belongs after the employee has been 
absolutely separated from the service. 

The Government on this score finds itself 
in the position of being in possession of some- 
thing like $1,000,000 which does not belong 
to it, but belongs to people who have worked 
for and earned it. As this money bears no 
interest after separation, no advantage ac- 
crues from leaving it with the Government. 
It does not belong to regularly retired former 
employees of the Government," so such people 
need not concern themselves about it. It 
belongs almost entirely to workers who have 
stayed a short time and then found work 
outside of the Government. 

Those to whom amounts are due may obtain 
them by filing and establishing their* claims 
with the retirement division of the Bureau of 
Pensions. Department of the Interior. Upon 
request, that division will supply blank appli- 
cations for refund. 


FARMER. — Applications must be on file with 
the Civil Service Commission at Washington. 
D. C, not later than February 27. The 
examination is to fill vacancies in" the Indian 
Service as they occur. At present there is 
a vacancy at Zuni Agency, N. Mex. The en- 
trance salary is §1,560 a year ; higher salaried 
positions are filled through promotion. The 
duties are to have charge, under the superin- 
tendent's direction, of farming and agricul- 
tural operations on farms connected with 
the various Indian schools, to give instruction 
in practical agriculture in these institutions, 
and to do extension and instructional work in 
practical agriculture among adult Indians. 
Competitors will not be required to report for 
examination at any place, but will be rated 
on training and experience. 

Full information may be obtained from tbe 
United States Ciril Service Commission, Wash- 
ington, D. C, or from the secretary of the 
United States CvoU Service Hoard of Examiners 
at the post office or customhouse in any city. 


The import duty on onions is increased 
from 1 to 1% cents per pound under 
the terms of a proclamation of the Presi- 
dent dated December 22. The new rate 
became effective on January 21. 



Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for Broadcast During the 
Period February 4-15. 

The noonday network radio program 
of the Department of Agriculture is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m., eastern 
standard time; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m., cen- 
tral standard time; 11.15 to 11.30 a. rn., 
mountain time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Co. : KFKX, Chicago ; 
KDKA, Pittsburgh; KSTP, St. Paul; 
WOW, Omaha; WDAF, Kansas City; 
KWK. St. Louis; KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI, 
San Antonio; WSM, Nashville; WSB, 
Atlanta ; KOA, Denver ; WMC, Memphis ; 
WLW, Cincinnati ; WRC, Washington ; 
WOC, Davenport: and WFAA, Dallas. 


The County Extension Service and the Agricultural Out- 
look. — H. M. Dixon, farm-management special- 
ist. Office of Cooperative Extension Work. 

Pasture for Profits and Cutting Down Surpluses. 

H. N. Vinall, senior agronomist in charge of 
pasture research, Bureau of Plant Industry. 


Customary Practices in Renting Land. — Dr. L. C. 

Gray, in charge of the division of land eco- 
nomics, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 


The Canadian Wheat Pools. — J. F. Booth, senior 
economist, division of cooperative marketing. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

The Fortnight's Weather. — J. B. Kincer, meteor- 
ologist, Weather Bureau. 


Practical Suggestions for the Vegetable Garden. — 

W. R. Beattie. extension horticulturist, Bu- 
reau of Plant Industry. 

Preparing Horses for Spring Work. S. R. Speel- 

man, assistant animal husbandman, Bureau 
of Animal Industry. 


How to Use Crop and Livestock Reports. W. F. Cal- 
lander, chairman of the Federal Crop Report- 
ing Board, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

The How and Why of Water Fowl Censuses. Dr. 

W. B. Bell, in charge of biological investiga- 
tions, Bureau of Biological Survey. 


Picking Cotton on the Retail Counter. — Ruth 

O'Brien, in charge of the division of textiles 
and clothing. Bureau of Home Economics. 

Training the Appetite of the New Generation. Row- 

ena Schmidt, assistant to the chief, Bureau 
of Home Economics. 


Is a Pig Worth Saving? — Qscar Steanson, farm- 
management specialist, Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

Controlling Losses of Young Pigs. — Dr. S. S. Buck- 
ley, associate animal husbandman, swine in- 
vestigations, Bureau of Animal Industry. 


Do Farmers Use Too Much Credit? Eric Englund, 

in charge of the division of agricultural fi- 
nance, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Finding Uses for Dairy By-Products. L. A. Rogers, 

in charge of the dairy research laboratories, 
Bureau of B'airy Industry. 


Farm Women Have Changed. G. E. Farrell. in 

charge of work in the Central States, Office 
of Cooperative Extension Work. 

Southern Farmers Are Improving Soil Fertility. J. A. 

Evans, in charge of work in the Southern 
States, Office of Cooperative Extension Work. 

Summary of ' The Price Situation.' — Dr. O. C. 

Stine, in charge of the division of statistical 
and historical research, Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

Getting a Lawn Started This Spring — H. L. West- 
over, senior agronomist, in charge of research 
in turf grasses, Bureau of Plant Industry. 

Articles and Written Addresses By- 
Department People in Outside 

Animal Industry 

Burch, D. S. — Treasure hunting by radio. 

Successful Farming. February 1929. pp. 

Burch, D. S. — Parasites take millions in 

blood money. Hoard's Dairyman. January 

1929. Vol. 74, No. 2, p. 03. 

Chemistry and Soils 

LaForge, F. B. — The preparation of alpha-, 
beta-, and gama-benzyl pyridines. Journal 
American Chemical Society, vol. 50, no. 
9, pp. 2484-2487. September 1928. 

LaForge, F. B. — The preparation and proper- 
ties of some new derivatives of pyridine. 
Journal American Chemical Society, vol. 
50, no. 9, pp. 2477-2483. September 1928. 

LaForge, F. B. — The preparation of some pyr- 
rolidine derivatives. Journal American 
Chemical Society, vol. 50, no. 9, pp. 2471- 
2477. September 1928. 

Balch, R. T., and Keane, J. C. — Automatic 
control of the carbonation process in beet- 
sugar manufacture. Journal of Industrial 
and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 11. 
November 1928. 

Carter, R. H. — Solubilities^ of some inorganic- 
fluorides in water at 25° C. Journal In- 
dustrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 
20, no. 11, p. 1195. November 1928. 

Carter, R. H. and Roark, R. C. — The compo- 
sition of fluorides and fluosilicates sold as 
insecticides. Journal Economic Entomology, 
vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 762-773. October 1928. 

Holmes, W. C, and Hann, R. M. — Reactions 
of basic dyes with cyclic derivatives of an 
acid character. Stain Technology, vol. 3, 
no. 4, pp. 122-130. October 1928. 

Edwards, P. W., and Harrison, R. W. — New 
data on oxygen concentration for explosion 
prevention. Chemical and Metallurgical 
Engineering, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 479-481. 
August 1928. 

Groggins, P. H. — Nitration-A unit process in 
chemical engineering. Chemical and Metal- 
lurgical Engineering, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 
466-467. August 1928. 

James, Lawrence H. — The bacterial content 
of raw and commercial sugar. Food In- 
dustries, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 65-69. November 

Jones, D. Breese, and Moeller, Otto. — 
Some recent determinations of aspartic and 
glutamic acids in various proteins. Journal 
Biological Chemistry, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 
429-441. October 1928. 

Price, David J. — Minimizing the dust explosion 
hazard. Fo*od Industries, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 
20-21. October 1928. 

Price, David J. — Mysterious barn fires, some 
observations on spontaneous ignition of hay. 
Proceedings of the National Association of 
Mutual Insurance Companies, Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin. October 2, 1928. 

Wherry, E. T., and Capen, Roth G. — Min- 
eral constituents of Spanish moss and ball 
moss. Ecology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 501-504. 
October 1928. 

McCall, A. G. — Soils and fertilizers. Pub- 
lished as chapter XXIX in the Annnal 
Survey of American Chemistry, Vol. III. 

Jacob, K. D., and Reynolds, D. S. — Reduc- 
tion of tricalcium phosphate by carbon. 
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 
20, no. 11, pp. 1204. November 192S. 

Jacob, K. D. — Phosphate rock. Mineral in- 
dustry during 1927, vol. 36, 1928. 

Dachnowski-Stokes, Alfred P. — A prelim- 
inary note on blue-green algal marl in south- 
ern Florida in relation to the problem of 
coastal subsidence. Journal of the Wash- 
ington Academy of Sciences, vol. 18. no. 17. 
October 19, 1928. 

Brown, B. E. — Pulverized poultry manure and 
poultry manure tankage. The bulletin of 
the U. S. Golf Association Green Section, 
vol. 8, no. 10, p. 208. October 1928. 


New Method Devised by Illustrations Section, 
Office of Information, for Shading Maps — Not Only 
Saves a Great Deal of Time and Labor But Gives 
a Better Finished Job Than Can Be Done by the 
Ordinary Hand Method 

To speed up the work of putting the shad- 
ing on shaded maps and to obviate some of 
the difficulties that have been encountered in 
such work on maps, J. H. Stevenson, in charge 
of the illustrations work of the Office of In- 
formation, has developed a mevbod which not 
only saves a great deal of labor and time, 
and therefore money, but results in a better 
finished job than that which it is practicable 
to turn out by the ordinary hand method or 
machine-drafting method. As a sample of 
what can be done with the new method, a job 
of shading a map of the United States, which 
formerly required, about two days of a drafts- 
man's time and labor has been done in about 
two hours' time. Although the method wa? 
devised for Department of Agriculture work, 
any large drafting establishment can use it 
with profit and to advantage in any work 
where its advantages will apply, says Mr. 

Mr. Stevenson will be glad to explain the 
method to anyone interested. His office is at 
220 Linworth Place SW., second floor. 

Bennett, Hugh Hammond. — Vermont's an- 
chored hills. American Forests and Forest 
Life. vol. 35, no. 1. January 1929. 

Schreiner, Oswald. — Use of manganese in 
fertilizer. The American Fertilizer, vol. 69, 
no. 11, p. 40, November 24, 1928. Pro- 
ceedings of the First Annual Convention 
American Manganese Producers' Association, 
p. 42, September 10 and 11, 1928. 

Dairy Industry 

Deysher, E. F. ; Webb, B. H. ; and Holm, 
G. E. — The relations of temperature and 
time of forewarming of milk to the heat 
stability of its evaporated products. Jour. 
Dairy "Science, v. 12, no. 1, pp. 80-89. 
January, 1929. 

Peter, P. N. — Solubility relationships of 
lactose-sucrose solutions. Jour. Phys. 
Chem., v. 32, no. 12, pp. 1856-1864. De- 
cember 1928. 

Plant Industry 

Detwiler, S. B. — Need for a plant-health 
service. Alpha Zeta Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 
3, pp. 9-10. October 1928. 

Trost, J. F. — [Jointly with S. M. Hauge, 
Indiana Agricultural Experiment Station]. — 
An inheritance study of the distribution of 
vitamin A in maize. Journal of Biological 
Chemistry, vol. 80, pp. 107-114. Novem- 
ber 1928. 

Roberts, J. W.. and Pierce, Leslie. — Control 
of peach bacterial spot. Hoosier Horticul- 
turist, vol. 11, pp. 6-12. January 1929. 


Hopkins, J. A. Economic history of the pro- 
duction of beef cattle in Iowa. Iowa City, 
Iowa, State historical society of Iowa. 1928. 
(Iowa economic history series no. 8.) 

landscape improvement 

Williams-Ellis, Clough. England and the oc- 
topus. London, G. Bles, 1928. 


Mantell, C. L. Industrial carbon. New York, 
Van Nostrand, 1928. 

Clute, W. N. The fern allies of North Amer- 
ica north of Mexico. Joliet, 111., W. N. 
Clute, 1928. 

Oltmanns, Friedrich. Das pflanzenleben des 
Schwa rzwaldes. Ed. 3. Freiburg i. B., 
Badischer Schwarzwaldverein, 1927. 

Schulz, E. D. Texas wild flowers. Chicago, 
Laidlaw brothers, 1928. 



59-C.I By H. C. Diehl, associate physi- 
ologist, D. F. Fisher, senior pathologist, 
office of horticultural crops and diseases, 
Bureau of Plant Industry ; Henry Hartman, 
associate horticulturist, Oregon Agricultural 
College Experiment Station ; J. B. Magness, 
horticulturist. State College of Washington 
Agricultural Experiment Station ; and R. H. 
Robinson, chemist, Oregon Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station. P. 20. January, 1929. 
Gives a review of the practical phases of 
the spray removal problem. It is intended 
primarily for fruit growers, but is also of 
special value to extension pathologists and 
county agents. The washing of apples for 
spray removal is a new development, and 
this ' publication discusses the relative merits 
of the different methods that have been used 
for accomplishing the result, pointing out the 
difficulty of operation, the degree of removal, 
and the possibilities of injury to the fruit. 
(Review by Charles Brooks.) 

55-C.) By A. T. Sweet, associate soil scien- 
tist, soil investigations, Bureau of Chem- 
istry and Soils. P. 25, figs. December 

Contains a discussion of the soil problems 
peculiar to the area, a description of each 
important soil series therein, and specific 
advice as to crop production in the face of 
climatic and soil difficulties, among which are 
rapid burning out of humus, use of water 
containing alkali, overirrigation and cultiva- 
tion of wet soil, and development of seep and 
alkali areas. This circular has practical 
value for farmers and prospective settlers in 
an area which produced crops valued at 
$11,500,000 in 1925. It states that soil 
studies by the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils 
disclose that there is much first-class farm 
land in this area, a wide crop adaptation, and 
good cultural methods, which indicate that 
the soil will continue fruitful if farmed with 
due regard to the regional characteristics of 
soils and climate. 

TUAL FIRE INSURANCE. (Circular 54-C.) By 
V. N. Valgren. agricultural economist, divi- 
sion of agricultural finance, Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. P. 31, figs. De- 
cember 1928. 

Covers the points — combined protection, 
term of policy, insurance and value, fire insur- 
ance on livestock, maximum risks and rein- 
surance, classification and inspection, methods 
and costs of getting business, premiums and 
assessments, surplus or reserve, standardiza- 
tion of forms and practices, and other mat- 
ters. The circular also presents statistics for 
1926. The writer gives a large part of the 
credit for the statistical work to Mrs. May L. 
Isbell, a statistical clerk of the division. 

E. F. Snyder, assistant biochemist, soil 
investigations, Bureau of Chemistry and 
Soils. P. 30, figs. December 1928. 
Methods and equipment used in testing the 
acidity of soils are discussed somewhat tech- 
nically and in considerable detail. The circu- 
lar contains information of special interest 
to agronomists, chemists, and soil scientists. 
It describes the most recenlly developed elec- 
trometric and colorimetric methods for deter- 
mining the hydrogen-ion concentration of 
soils, including the hydrogen, quinhydrone. 
and antimony electrodes, and numerous colori- 
metric methods, particularly Gillespie's drop- 
ratio method. Determination of the pH 
values of soils as periodic variation of 
hydrogen-ion concentration, drying, grinding. 
BCil-water ratio, carbon dioxide, and methods 
of obtaining the soil extracts, etc., are dis- 

No. 10, November 15, 1928. II. 

Contexts : 

Nematodes inhabiting the cysls of the 

sugar-heet nematode (Hererodera scha- 

chtii Schmidt). (G-645.) Gerald 

Seed-coat structure and inheritance of seed 

color In sorghums. (G— 651.) Arthur 

F. Swauson. 

The relation of sodium nitrate and cer- 
tain other nitrogen carriers to the 
development of chlorosis in rice. 
(Ark. -12.) W. H. Metzger and 
George Janssen. 

Studies of the photoperiodism of some 
economic plants. (Porto Rico-3.) T. 
B. McClelland. 

No. 11, December 1, 1928. il. 
Contexts : 

Experimental methods and the probable 
error in field experiments with sorghum. 
(G-646.) Joseph C. Stephens and H. 
N. Vinall. 
Some chemical and morphological phenom- 
ena attending infection of the wheat 
plant by Ophiobolus graminis. (G— 
652.) Hurley Fellows. 
The inoculation of Pacific Northwestern 
Ribes with Cronartium ribicola and C. 
occidentale. (G— 653.) Glenn Gardner 

October, 1928. Pp. 393-433, il. 

Contexts : 

Amount of solar radiation that reaches 
the surface of the earth on the land 
and on the sea, and methods by which 
it is measured. — H. H. Kimball. 

Heating and cooling of water surfaces. — 
G. F. McEwen. 

A new analysis of the sun spot num- 
bers. — D. Alter. 

The periods of solar and tferrestrial 
phenomena. — H. Fritz. 

Winters in western Europe. — C Easton. 

West Indian hurricanes of August, 
1928. — R. H. Weightman. 

Kansas tornadoes, 1914-1928. — S. D. 

nical Bulletin 102-T.) By F. F. Elliott and 
Jesse W. Tapp, economists, division of 
farm management and costs, Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics ; and Rex E. Wil- 
lard, economist, North Dakota Agricultural 
Experiment Station. P. 55, figs. December 

Describes the methods of making types- 
of-farming studies in North Dakota. Such 
studies are necessary to the best applica- 
tion of outlook and other program material 
to diverse sections such as are found in 
almost any State. Similar studies are now 
being made by several other States, in coop- 
eration with the Bureau of Agricultural 

R. C Jurney, in charge, and W. D. Lee, 
U. S. Department of Agriculture ; and W. 
A. Davis and S. F. Davidson. North Caro- 
lina Department of Agriculture and North 
Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station. 
P. 125-154. fig., map. (From F. O. Soils. 

13, series 1924.) By D. S. Gray, Iowa Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, in charge ; 
and B. H. Hendrickson. TJ. S. Department 
of Agriculture, P. 34, fig., map. 

series 1924.) By S. O. Perkins, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, in charge ; and S. R. 
Bacon. Maryland Agricultural Experiment 
Station. P. 31, fig., map. 

series 1923.) By A. T. Sweet. U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, in charge ; and How- 
ard V. Jordan, University of Missouri. P. 
1123-1159, figs., map. 

Quarantine and Control Administration 96. July- 
September 1928. Pp. 57-93. December 1928. 

ACT. (N. J., I. F., 1101-1125.) P. 21. De- 
cember 1928. 


Number. January-June 1928. 

December 1928. 

December 1928, Abstract Number. 

January 1929. 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C, has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the 
department's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library pur- 
poses only, a complete file of all the pub- 
lications issued by the State experiment 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

The effect of inbreeding on the bones of the 
fowl. L. C. Dunn. (Connecticut Storrs 
Sta. Bui. 152, pp. 55-112. Oct. 1928.) 
Bovine infectious abortion : Tenth report. The 
establishing of abortion-free herds by an in- 
tensive system of serological testing, and 
segregation of nonreacting animals. L. F. 
Rettger et al. (Connecticut Storrs Sta. 
Bui. 153, pp. 115-130. Jan. 1929.) Storrs. 
Bovine infectious abortion : Eleventh report. 
Increased productivity of an abortion-free 
dairy herd. G. C. White et al. (Connecti- 
cut Storrs Sta. Bui. 154, pp. 133-147. Jan. 
1929.) Storrs. 
Physiological dropping of fruits : II. In re- 
gard to genetic relationship of plants. L. 
R. Detjen and G. F. Gray. (Delaware 
Sta. Bui. 157, 38 p., 20 figs. Nov. 1928.) 
Annual report of the director for the fiscal 
year ending June 30. 1928. C. A. McCue 
et al. (Delaware Sta. Bui. 158. 43 p., 3 
figs. Nov. 1928.) Newark. 
Costs and margins and other related factors 
in the distribution of fluid milk in four 
Illinois market areas. C. A. Brown. (Illi- 
nois Sta. Bui. 318, pp. 171-282, 18 figs. Dec. 
192S.) Frbana. 
Livestock trucking by Illinois shipping asso- 
ciations. R. C. Asnby. (Illinois Sta. 
Circ. 331. 27 p., 5 figs. [192S.] frbana. 
The relation of the basic-surplus marketing 
plan to milk production in the Philadelphia 
milk shed. F. F. Lininger. (Pennsylvania 
Sta. Bui. 231, 63 p.. 22 figs. Aug. 1928.) 
State College. 
Pulverizing limestone on the farm. F. D. 
Jones. (Tennessee Sta. Circ. 23, 4 p.. 2 
figs. Dec. 1928.) Knoxville. 
An economic study of the apple industry of 
Utah, 1926 and 1927. W. P. Thomas and 
P. V. Cardon. (Utah Sta. Bui. 20S. 72 p.. 
21 figs. Dec. 192S.) Logan. 
Annual report of the Western Washington Ex- 
periment Station for the fiscal year ending 
March 31. 1928. J. W. Kalkus et al. 
(Western Washington Sta. Bui. 10-W. 52 
p., 4 figs. Oct. 192S.) Puvallup. 

The demand for, live raccoons for fur- 
farming and restocking purposes has en- 
couraged a great many persons to raise 
these animals in captivity, says the Bu- 
reau of Biological Survey. The bureau 
says: Raccoons behave well in captivity 
and are easily handled. If the climate 
is suitable, a well-drained suburban or 
farm property with a generous supply of 
fresh drinking water is a good site. 
Plenty of shade and some sunlight are 
essential to the health of the animals. 
Raccoons are easy to feed. They relish 
and thrive on a variety of foods — dried 
bread mixed with milk, cereal mushes, 
cooked meats and meat scraps, and sweet 
fruits. They require more food than do 
foxes. Plenty of drinking water should 
be provided. As a rule only raccoons 
possessing the darkest pelts are selected 
for breeding stock. 



Making Observations and Collecting Data on Weather and Atmospheric Conditions on and 
Above the Great South Polar Continent of Antarctica 

The Commander Richard E. Byrd Ant- 
arctic expedition, which is now establish- 
ing its base of operations on the great 
ice barrier of south-polar Antarctica, has 
with it two meteorologists of the Weather 
Bureau — William C. Haines and Henry 
T. Harrison, jr., of the aerological divi- 
sion of the bureau. Mr. Haines accom- 
panied Commander Byrd on his north 
polar expedition in 1926. Because of this 
previous experience he was detailed by 
special request as a member of the pres- 
ent undertaking. 

Little information as to upper-air con- 
ditions over the Antarctic region is at 
present available. The two meteorolo- 
gists, with instruments and equipment 
supplied by the Weather Bureau, will be 
located at the main base of the expedi- 
tion on the Bay of Wales on the Bar- 
rier Reef of the Antarctic Continent, or 
at one of the auxiliary bases between the 
main base and the pole. They will make 
such meteorological and aerological ob- 
servations as are practicable, including 
pilot-balloon observations and tempera- 
ture soundings from airplanes. In ad- 
dition, reports received by radio from 
Australia, New Zealand, and other out- 
lying posts will be charted and studied. 
Forecasts based on these reports and 
upon observations taken at the base will 
be given to the fliers. 

On the return of the expedition, which 
may be gone from eight months to a 

year and a half, the data accumulated 
by the meteorologists will be assembled 
and published by the Weather Bureau. 
It is expected that these data will add 
materially to the knowledge of the struc- 
ture and character of the atmosphere. 

The National Geographic Society pays 
the salary of one of the meteorologists 
and the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the 
Promotion of Aeronautics pays that of 
the other. Both men are on furlough 
from the Weather Bureau. The neces- 
sary equipment for their meteorological 
work is being lent by the bureau. 

Mr. Haines, 41 years old, was appointed 
in the Weather Bureau in 1912 as assist- 
ant observer. He has served at the 
Houston, Galveston, Jacksonville, and 
San Juan, P. R., stations, and in the 
aerological division in Washington, and 
at Hadley Airport, the weather service 
of which is under the New York City 
station of the bureau. He was in the 
meteorological section of the Signal 
Corps of the Army in the World War. 
His present grade is assistant meteorolo- 

Mr. Harrison, 25 years old, was ap- 
pointed in the bureau in 1924 as a junior 
observer. He served .as assistant in 
aerological work for about three years 
at the Due West, S. C, station, and was 
then transferred to Hadley Airport. 
His pi'esent grade is that of observer. 



(Continued from page J) 
" At first cooperative marketing was a 
local movement. Farmers living in the 
same community formed an association 
to assist in meeting their local marketing 
problems. The assembling and shipping 
of livestock, the manufacture of butter, 
and the grading and packing of fruit, are 
typical of the functions performed by 
these local organizations. These associa- 
tions performed and are still performing 
valuable and necessary services. Events 
have demonstrated, however, that local 
associations can not give their members 
complete marketing service and that 
large-scale cooperatives are necessary. 
Thus the trend at the present time is 
toward the federation and consolidation 
of existing associations and toward the 
undertaking of more complete and more 
complex marketing services. 

"An understanding of this important 
development in cooperative marketing is 
necessary in considering the influence 
of the movement on the marketing of 
farm products. It is also necessary to 
appreciate the present extent of the 
movement. There are, in round numbers, 
some 12,500 farmers' organizations in the 
United States which may be classed as 
cooperative and which are engaged in 
marketing farm products or purchasing 
farm supplies. Approximately 2,000,000 
farmers are members of these associa- 

tions, and f. o. b. value of products sold 
and supplies purchased by them in 1928 
probably exceeded $2,500,000,000. 

" The United States Department of 
Agriculture has a record of 900 such 
associations in Illinois. The business of 
these associations with Illinois farmers for 
1927-28 totaled more than $154,000,000. 
Among these 900 Illinois associations 
are 43 which market dairy products, 25 
marketing fruits and vegetables, and 440 
grain and 330 livestock. Grain and live- 
stock associations account for $141,- 
710.000 of the cooperative business trans- 
acted in the State in 1927-28, according 
to the department's records. 

"The figure $154,000,000 does not in- 
clude the total business of cooperative 
associations located in the State. Four 
terminal livestock commission associa- 
tions located at Chicago and East St. 
Louis transacted a total business exceed- 
ing $92,000,000 in 1927 and their busi- 
ness in 1928 was even greater. How- 
ever, a part of this business originated 
from shipping associations in other 
States, and in the department's records 
such business is credited to the other 
States as far as that is possible. These 
figures are given merely to show the 
large development of cooperative mar- 
keting in Illinois and in the United 

" Cooperative associations have influ- 
enced the marketing of agricultural prod- 
ucts because they represent the pro- 
ducer.' They have brought the producer's 

point of view into marketing, and, on 
the other hand, they have brought a 
knowledge of market demands back to 
the producer. 

" Here, again, agriculture is follow- 
ing the lead of industry. If the manu- 
facturer of automobiles were a producer 
only, if he turned out his cars without 
knowledge of or regard for the needs 
and demands of the market, and if he 
left entirely to others the work of mar- 
keting his output, we would have a 
situation somewhat similar to that found 
in agriculture where farmers are not 
organized for marketing. However, the 
manufacturer of automobiles, or any in- 
dustrial product, gives fully as much 
attention to marketing as to production, 
and consequently his organization is 
keenly responsive to changes in demand. 
This kind of responsiveness to market 
demands is one of the chief contributions 
of the cooperative marketing associa- 

" Attempts to conform to market de- 
mands are manifest chiefly in improve- 
ments in the grading and handling of 
farm products. Much of this work has 
been done by local associations, but in 
many instances large-scale cooperatives 
have carried the work further and are 
able to offer buyers large quantities of a 
standardized product. An excellent ex- 
ample is the success of Land O'Lakes 
Creameries, Minneapolis, in improving 
and standardizing the quality of butter 
manufactured by the 425 local member 
creameries of the federation. In 1927. 
approximately 72 per cent of the fed- 
eration's total output was sweet-cream 
butter, 93 score or better, an increase 
of more than 25 per cent in three years. 

" Cooperative associations are able to 
improve and maintain quality, because 
their system of pooling sales returns, by 
grades, brings back to the members mar- 
ket premiums for superior products. 

" Not only have associations effected 
improvements in grading and handling 
farm products, but they have brought 
about also definite improvements in pro- 
duction. This is an almost inevitable re- 
sult of the tie-up between production and 
marketing which these organizations 
have made possible." 

Michigan Kiwanis Forest Plantation 
is the new name of a 5,000-acre tract on 
the Huron National Forest located near 
East Tawas, Mich. To pay for the labor 
that planted trees on this tract, Kiwanis 
Clubs of the State subscribed $9,700. 
The Forest Service supplied the trees 
and the tools and forest officers directed 
the planting. Dedicatory exercises and 
a picnic on the forest were held in Sep- 
tember. Each Kiwanian attending the 
dedication was expected to plant a tree 
along the Thompson Memorial Highway. 
Next year the organization hopes to add 
5.000 "acres to the plantation. 

More than 30 foreign countries have 
enacted legislation and appointed inspec- 
tion officials to cooperate with the United 
States Department of Agriculture in the 
enforcement of the regulations and quar- 
antines issued under the Federal plant 
quarantine act governing the importation 
of plants and plant products into the 
United States. 



Production of Most of Types Larger in 

1928 Than in 1927 and Quality 

of Most Types Is Better 

In spite of the fact that the produc- 
tion of tobacco, of practically all types, 
was larger in 1928 than in 1927. better 
quality in the case of most of the types 
of the 1928 crop is responsible for prices 
being somewhat better than they were 
for the 1927 crop, reports the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. The bureau 

An increase of 24,863.000 pounds in the 
production of cigar leaf tobacco, distrib- 
uted over many producing districts, but 
with the most pronounced increase in 
Wisconsin, as compared with production 
in 1927, is shown in revised estimates 
for the 1928 crop. The increase in Wis- 
consin was accompanied by excellent 
quality, but quality in many other areas, 
notably the Connecticut Valley, is rela- 
tively poor. Production of Pennsylvania 
seed leaf in 1928 was nearly 3.500,000 
pounds more than the 1927 production. 

Prices being paid for cigar leaf are a 
reflection of quality rather than quantity. 
The sharply increased production of Wis- 
consin binders is returning to growers 
better prices than in 1927 because of the 
higher average grade of the crop. The 
average price per pound being paid for 
all cigar leaf is reported at 22.1 cents. 
as compared with 21.7 cents a year ago. 

Flue Cured tobacco is estimated at 
723.436.000 pounds as compared with 
715.944.000 pounds in 1927. Prices im- 
proved markedly late in the season, on 
account of a large increase in export re- 
quirements. The average price of all 
sales is expected to be about 17.9 cents 
per pound, compared with 21.3 cents for 
the 1927 crop. 

Burley production is estimated at 289.- 
469.000 pounds as compared with 180,- 
197,000 pounds in 1927. However, late re- 
ports from the more important produc- 
ing areas indicate that the tobacco is 
running lighter in weight than was ex- 
pected and some revision downward may 
be necessary on the basis of sales re- 
ports at the close of the season. The 
quality of the crop is unusually high, 
and prices are mounting in consequence. 
The average price per pound to burley 
growers in 1927 was 23.2 cents. The 
average price reported for 1928 is 26.1 
cents, and there is probability that prices 
for the season will average higher. 

Maryland tobacco is low in production 
and quality, on account of storm damage 
in the growing season. The crop is esti- 
mated at 21.700,000 pounds as compared 
with 26,176,000 pounds in 1927. 

One Sucker tobacco is estimated at 
22.086.000 pounds in 1928. compared with 
13.056.000 pounds in 1927. Quality is 
considerably better than that of a year 
ago and the price per pound is better, 
13.1 cents per pound compared with 10.6 
cents in 1927. 

Green River air-cured tobacco from the 
Henderson and Owensboro district is esti- 
mated at 24,500,000 pounds as compared 
with 18,110,000 pounds in 1927. Some- 
what better prices are being paid for the 

crop, the reported average being about 11 
cents, compared with 9.1 cents in 1927. 

Virginia Sun Cured tobacco produced 
5,536.000 pounds, about the same as in 
1927. The quality was lowered mate- 
rially by weather conditions. The aver- 
age price per pound to growers is 8.5 
cents as compared with 13.1 cents in 

Fire Cured tobacco is estimated at 140,- 
324.000 pounds as compared with 111,- 
760,000 pounds in 1927. Virginia dark 
fired, which was decreased in acreage 
and damaged by excessive rainfall, is es- 
timated at 21.824.000 pounds as compared 
with 26.560.000 pounds in 1927. Clarks- 
ville and Hopkinsville is estimated at 82.- 
300,000 pounds, compared with 63,000.000 
pounds a year ago ; and Paducah 30.700.- 
000 pounds compared with 18.000,000 
pounds in 1927. Both types suffered 
some frost damage and early season 
weather damage. The tobacco is reported 
to be lighter in weight than expected. 
The estimates given are a maximum. 
Henderson fire cured is estimated at 5,- 
500,000 pounds as compared with 4,200.- 
000 pounds in 1927. The quality of fire- 
cured tobacco in general is below that of 
the 1927 crop. Prices tend to improve as 
the marketing season advances, and the 
season average for the group is expected 
to be but little below that of the smaller 
and better crop of 1927. 


Abdon Perl Chambers. Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey, United States reservation 
protector, Wind Cave National Game 
Preserve, S. Dak., died at his home at 
Hot Springs, S. Dak., on January 12 
after a prolonged illness. Death was due 
to actinomycosis, contracted some years 
ago from antelope which had the dis- 
ease. Mr. Chambers had been connected 
with the Biological Survey since Decem- 
ber 21, 1914. when he was appointed 
warden of Wind Cave Preserve. He 
served in this position until iast summer, 
when he was finally compelled to give 
up his work. For some time thereafter 
he was under treatment at the Marine 
Hospital, at Chicago, 111., and some im- 
provement in his condition was noted. 
The improvement was of short duration, 
however, and did not continue when he 
returned to Hot Springs. Mr. Chambers 
was a faithful and efficient employee and 
took great interest in his work and in 
the creatures which came under his care. 
He was born at Letart, W. Va., in 1878. 
A wife and five children survive. 


Hordes of job seekers apply every year 
to the Forest Service for jobs as forest 
rangers and the vast majority of them 
are doomed to disappointment. Hundreds 
of the letters which pour in are undoubt 
edly inspired by mistaken notions of what 
the ranger job is. Many of the applicants 
seem to think the job of ranger is an 
opportunity for a vacation in the woods 
with pay, or a chance to be one of the 
two-gun men they have seen in the west- 
ern thriller movies. Although the ranger's 
job is not without its thrills and adven- 
ture, it is a job that calls for hawl work 
and high qualifications, 



(Continued pom page 1) 

we must lay aside the current belief that 
the Hevea tree is very delicate and must 
be confined to a narrow equatorial belt 
of the Tropics. A single Hevea tree has 
lived for more than 20 years in Florida, 
at Palm Beach, under conditions much 
less favorable than occur elsewhere. 
Castilla rubber trees from Central Amer- 
ica, which apparently are more tender 
than Hevea, grew for 12 years on the 
south shore of Lake Okeechobee and at- 
tained a height of 40 feet, but were de- 
stroyed in the hurricane of 1926. 

"Hevea is able to grow in flooded lands 
in South America, and this fact may 
make this tree useful for shade or or- 
namental purposes apart from its useful- 
ness as a rubber producer. However, 
the production possibilities of Hevea and 
other rubber plants should be investi- 
gated thoroughly, because most of the 
land being reclaimed in southern Florid' 
remains subject to flooding in storm pe- 
riods. Much of the reclaimed land is 
not now cultivated and there is great 
need of crops which floods will not de- 
stroy. Many sanitary and mosquito- 
control improvements might be under- 
taken if a crop were available for lands 
raised a little above water. Such lands 
would not be safe for any of the tree 
crops now grown, but possibly they could 
be utilized for rubber production. 

" The Assam rubber tree ( Ficus elas- 
tica) and two species of rubber vines 
( Cryptostegia grandiflora and Cryptoste- 
gia madagaseariensis) are being utilized 
in southern Florida for shade and as 
ornamentals. Hevea, Castilla, Manihot. 
Funtumia, and Mascarenhasia are trees 
of striking and attractive appearance, 
and no doubt will be planted in many 
places as soon as seeds or young plants 
are available in sufficient quantities. 
Such ornamental planting would assist 
in determining the behavior of the trees 
under different conditions and treat- 
ments, and would increase the produc- 
tion of seed. Little is known as yet re- 
garding the habits or requirements of 
these new trees in relation to Florida 
conditions. We will require tests in 
many localities and with many different 
methods of planting the trees and ex- 
tracting the rubber before practical con- 
clusions can be drawn regarding possi- 
bilities of commercial rubber-planting in 

The public will be informed by the 
department as soon as the supplies of 
seed or propagating material are suffi- 
cient for more general experimental or 
ornamental planting. 

Among the new reports issued by the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
through the division of dairy and poultry 
products is a daily report by the Phila- 
delphia office which shows the receipts of 
milk and cream for that market. An- 
other report to be inaugurated by that 
division is a monthly report on eggs and 
poultry from Washington. Plans are 
also under consideration for the issuance 
from Washington of a monthlv hatchery 
report and a weekly report of the re- 
ceipts of eggs and poultry at primary 
country markets. 



United States 


of Agriculture 

Certificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein ia published aa administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, February 7, 1929 

No. 6 


Press, Radio, and Extension Give It 

to Nation with Unprecedented 

Speed and Thoroughness 

The Agricultural Outlook Report for 
1929, which was issued from Washing- 
ton on Monday, January 28, marked a 
new advance in the outlook work of the 
Department of Agriculture. 

Forty-five States were represented in 
the preparation of the report. Thirty- 
eighth States are planning to issue State 
outlook reports. A large number of ex- 
tension meetings, devoted entirely to the 
discussion and distribution of the out- 
look information, are already planned to 
be held in many parts of the country. 

When the report was released it re- 
ceived an unprecedented volume of dis- 
tribution to the people of the United 
States, through the press and the radio. 
The Press Service and the Radio Service 
of the Office of Information, Department 
of Agriculture, Washington, cooperating 
with the many agencies of the press and 
the radio, arranged for giving the report 
the widest distribution ever given to an 
outlook report at the time of issuance. 

The Press Service released the report 
to all the press correspondents in Wash- 
ington, to the press associations, to 
newspapers, agricultural journals, and 
trade and business publications, and to 
the information offices of all the State 
colleges of Agriculture and agricultural 
experiment stations. The press distribu- 
tion was thoroughly national. 

The Radio Service arranged for a na- 
tionwide broadcast of the report from 
Washington which was the largest radio 
hook-up ever used for agricultural infor- 
mation. The special broadcast program 
was sent out over the National Broad- 
casting Co. chain of 34 stations. Fifty 
other stations which were not on this 
hook-up broadcast a summary of the re- 
port. About 30 stations in addition to 
these obtained outlook information 
through the branch offices of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture and broadcast it. 
The total number of stations which 
broadcast information on the report on 
January 28 was more than 100. Thus 
the radio distribution thoroughly cov- 
ered the Nation. 

With the information appearing in 
hundreds of publications of the commer- 
cial press, having a total distribution 
running far into the millions, and with 
the greatest distribution over the radio 
ever given to an agricultural event, the 
1929 Outlook Report has already re- 
ceived a greater distribution than has 
(Continued on page 7) 
33147°— 29 


The sixteenth regular meeting of 
the Business Organization of the 
Government was held in Memorial 
Continental Hall, Washington, on 
Monday, January 28. 

Addressing the organization for 
the last time, President Coolidge 
said that rigid economy in Federal 
expenditures must be continued, 
and that the rapidly mounting cost 
of State and local governments 
must be sharply curtailed if na- 
tional prosperity is to be main- 
tained. He paid tribute to Brig. 
Gen. Herbert M. Lord, Director of 
the Bureau of the Budget, and the 
rank and file of Government per- 
sonnel, for the cooperation which 
he said had made the Budget sys- 
tem a success. 

The addresses of the President 
and Director Lord of the Bureau 
of the Budget appear elsewhere in 
this issue of The Official Record. 


Extension Conference at Houston Looks 
Back Over First Quarter Cen- 
tury and Plans for Future 

The twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
inauguration of farm-demonstration work 
by the United States Department of Agri- 
culture is being observed at Houston, 
Tex., this week in connection with the 
annual conference of the supervisors of 
extension work in the Southern States. 
The extension conference convened Tues- 
day, February 5, and adjourns to-day. 
Other organizations are meeting at 
Houston at the same time, and the pro- 
grams of all the groups were so arranged 
as to provide general sessions in which 
the early demonstration work would be 
a subject of interest and review. Among 
the organizations meeting at Houston in 
addition to the extension people are The 
Southern Agricultural Workers, the 
Southern Division of the American Dairy 
Science Association, the Southern Plant 
Board, and the Southeastern and South 
Central Sections of the American Society 
of Agricultural Engineers. 

Some of the United States Department 
of Agriculture people on the various pro- 
grams of the anniversary celebration, 
are: Office of Cooperative Extension 
Work— C. B. Smith, chief of the office; 
J. A. Evans, assistant chief of the office; 
(Continued on page 7) 


Annual Outlook Says Domestic Demand 

to Continue First Part of Year — 

Foreign Same as Last Year 

Farmers should continue their efforts 
to adjust production to demand and 
avoid increasing production of those 
products which are now in ample supply 
if they are to maintain the present level 
of gross income of agriculture, according 
to the annual Agricultural Outlook Re- 
port issued January 28 by the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. 

Some expansion in beef cattle may be 
warranted, says the bureau, but farmers 
are cautioned against too rapid expan- 
sion of sheep, dairy cattle, hogs, and 
fruits. Some reduction is recommended 
for potatoes and feed crops. The do- 
mestic demand for farm products is ex- 
pected to be maintained during the early 
part of this year, with foreign demand 
continuing about the same as during 1928. 

The higher interest rates affecting 
farmers in some sections of the country 
may result in a less favorable agricul- 
tural credit situation, according to the 
report, but little change is expected in 
prices of farm machinery, fertilizers, and 
building materials, and farm wages are 
expected to be slightly lower at harvest 

A summary of the recommendations on 
leading crops and livestock follows : 

It is probable that the world supply and 
demand for wheat in the 1929-30 season will 
be somewhat more favorable for marketing the 
wheat crop of the United States than they 
were in the 1928-29 season. In view of the 
probability of another large crop of hard win- 
ter wheat in 1929, spring wheat farmers 
should hesitate to increase their present acre- 
age of hard spring wheat. They may find it 
advantageous to decrease it somewhat, par- 
ticularly if the hard winter wheat crop comes 
through the winter in good condition. Durum 
wheat prices will probably continue relatively 
low, unless the acreage in the United States 
is materially curtailed or production in other 
competing countries reduced. _ 

As rye prices depend upon wheat prices, the 
reduced production of rye can not be expected 
to improve prices unless there is an imnrove- 
ment in wheat prices. The low farm price of 
oats again this season emphasizes the limited 
market for this grain and the desirability of 
restricting production for market. Little if 
any improvement in the market for cash bar- 
ley may be expected for the 1929 crop, even 
should acreage be somewhat reduced and aver- 
age yield secured. 

With lower feeding requirements and prob- 
ably a lower European demand corn prices 
may be lower than for the crops of 1927 and 
1928. Corn prices during the summer, al- 
though largelv determined by new crop pros- 
pects, will probably not be supported this year 
by unusually short farm supplies. 

Present indications are that flax will be 
a relatively more profitable crop in 1929 than 
other spring grains grown for market in the 
areas suitable for flax production. The out- 
look for rice is better than it was last year. 
(Continued on page 7) 



Addresses by Calvin Coolidge, the President of the United States, and Gen. Herbert M. Lord, Director of the Bureau of the Budget, at 

Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D. C, Janiary 28 


The present fiscal year will bring to a 
close eight years of conducting the finances 
of the Government of the United States under 
the Budget system. It was put into opera- 
tion to save the country from economic disas- 
ter. It has been fully justified by the re- 
sults. In the first instance, the President, 
of course, is responsible for the direction of 
the system. In the second place, that re- 
sponsibility is shared with the Congress in 
making appropriations. In the next place, 
the responsibility for efficient expenditures 
rests with the chiefs of the various depart- 
ments. But in the final analysis, success 
could have been achieved only by the loyal 
cooperation and faithful service of the great 
rank and file of the Government personnel. 
To that great body, of which you are the 
representatives, the people owe a debt of 
gratitude, which I especially wish to ac- 
knowledge at this last Budget meeting of 
my administration. Without their devotion 
to the cause of constructive economy we 
could have done nothing. With it we have 
been able to everything. The victory has 
been their victory, and the praise should be 
their praise. 

When we began the task in June, 1921. of 
reconstructing our public finances, it looked 
almost impossible of accomplishment. The 
entire Government structure was permeated 
with extravagance. The expenditures for that 
fiscal vear. exclusive of debt reduction, were 
about * $5,000,000,000. The interest charge 
alone was more than $1,000,000,000, and our 
outstanding indebtedness was nearly $24,000,- 
000.000. The business of the country was 
prostrate. Its different branches of agricul- 
ture, commerce, banking, manufacturing, and 
transportation were suffering from severe de- 
pression. Employment was difficult to secure. 
Wages were declining. Five million people 
were out of work. The price of securities, 
even of Government bonds, was very low. It 
was difficult to find any market for commodi- 
ties. Confidence in our entire economic struc- 
ture had been shaken. Progress had stopped. 

It is easy to see what the condition of the 
people would be under such circumstances. 
Those who had property, even though it was 
much diminished in value, could take care of 
themselves, as they always can. But to those 
who were carrying on business with borrowed 
capital and had outstanding notes and mort- 
gages there seemed nothing ahead but ruin. 
Wage earners and their families were faced 
with want and misery The cause of this 
distress was not difficult to ascertain. The 
country had been living beyond its means. It 
had been spending much more than it was 
earning, which meant that it had been using 
up its capital. The savings of previous years 
were being exhausted, principally through 
Government extravagance. 

This was not a pleasant picture to behold. 
If relief were possible, those who were able to 
provide it could well afford to be charged with 
considering nothing but the material side of 
life, with advocating a penurious and cheese- 
paring policy, and with neglecting to supply 
the public needs. If a remedy could be found, 
when it was put into operation business 
would revive, profits would increase, employ- 
ment would be plentiful, wages would be good, 
the distress of the people would be relieved, 
and a general condition of contentment and 
prosperity would prevail. Whatever criticisms 
there might be. against those who had labored 
to secure this result, the satisfactory condition 
of the country would be a sufficient answer 
and a sufficient reward. 

The evils and abuses of Government ex- 
travagance were perfectly apparent. It was 
believed, and as experience has demonstrated, 
correctly believed, that the distress of the 
country would be relieved if Government ex- 
travagance ceased. It was for this purpose 
that the radical and revolutionary system was 
adopted of centralizing in the President the 
primary authority for the recommendation of 
all departmental estimates and establishing for 
his information and advice the Bureau of the 
Bndgi t. 

Seemingly without effort, but actually by 
hard and effective work, the change was 
wrought. Each of the succeeding years 

brought an ever-increasing improvement in the 
business of government. Expenditures dimin- 
ished until 1927 when, exclusive of the 
amount applied to debt reduction, they reached 
a point below the $3,000,000,000 mark. This 
was $2,000,000,000 below 1921. Billions were 
cut from the public debt with a large saving of 
interest. The first tax reduction came in No- 
vember, 1921, and was followed by three suc- 
ceeding reductions. Funds were saved to meet 
the cost of our much-needed public improve- 
ments, which had been in aheyance during the 
war period. Short-time notes and long-time 
bonds were paid off and refunded at lower 

Working in that spirit which forcefully as- 
serts itself in time of need the executive and 
legislative branches of the Government, with 
the hacking of the people, have inserted a 
golden page in our history. It fittingly por- 
trays that peace hath its victories no less 
than war. in the short period of seven and 
one-half years the public debt has been re- 
duced $6,667,000,000. The total saving in 
interest alone from this and refunding opera- 
tions is $963,000,000. Four reductions in 
taxes have returned to the people approxi- 
mately $2,000,000,000 a year which would 
have been required had the revenue act of 
1918 remained in force. Two and one-half 
million people have been entirely relieved of 
all Federal taxation. 

One of the first essentials in the work of 
making the Federal Government a real busi- 
ness organization was the welding of the va- 
rious departments and independent establish- 
ments into a harmonious, efficient concern. 
We found 43 independent departments and 
establishments each operating under its own 
customs and rules, utterly regardless of the 
existence of other departments which were 
parts of the same great establishment, the 
United States of America. There was little 
community of thought or harmony of action. 
Deep-seated hostility between certain Govern- 
ment agencies existed. That the National 
Government ought to be one great entity re- 
sponsible for the happiness of 120,000,000 of 
people was entirely overlooked in the exclu- 
sive devotion of groups of Federal officials and 
employees to one particular subordinate de- 
partment. This same obsession often charac- 
terized the relation between bureaus in the 
same department. Heroic effort was needed 
to substitute national loyalty for department 
and bureau loyalty. Efficiency and economy 
in operation were hopeless under such condi- 
tions. The situation called for a revolution 
in the attitude of Government agencies toward 
each other. Exclusive devotion to their sub- 
ordinate even though important departments 
must give place to loyalty to the whole Gov- 
ernment. To effect this great transformation 
a wide coordinating plan was put into effect. 
Representatives from the various departments 
and establishments were called together and 
organized into effective committees and boards 
to simplify and unify procedures and eliminate 
tortuous, wasteful, and unbusinesslike meth- 
ods. In this way all the major activities of 
the Government were studied and harmonized 
by the efforts of our own personnel. Out 
from this study and effort sprang a business 
organization that compares favorably with 
like establishments in the business world in 
efficiency and unified control. Harmonious co- 
operation has won. 

In pre-Budgot days not a single administra- 
tive form indicated there was such a thing 
as a National Government. The several de- 
partments had their own business forms in 
varying and confusing multiplicity. To-day 
we have 38 Federal forms displacing the 
many hundreds that served to confuse busi- 
ness and add to the cost of government. Not 
a single specification contributed to good Gov- 
ernment business. To-day we have 602 stand- 
ardized specifications which cover in large 
part the entire field of Federal renuirerncnts. 
We are using one uniform Government lease in 
place of several hundreds of departmental 
leases, while uniform construction and sup- 
ply contracts in connection with our standard- 
ized specifications are contributing daily to 
good business and material saving. Our - 
real-estate and rental interest-. Mir hospitali- 
zation, our buying, selling, and printing, our 
patent interests, and office' methods arc subject 
to the same careful study and supervision. 
Out in the field we have our area coordinators 

and our 2S0 Federal business associations with 
63 more in the making. These unique Gov- 
ernment agencies are spreading the gospel of 
efficient government economically adminis- 
tered. They are our most trenchant exponents 
of cooperation. The intangible savings re- 
sulting from this coordinating work mounts 
into millions yearly. The work is not spec- 
tacular, but it is the very foundation of good 
business. I believe that "the Federal Govern- 
ment to-day is the best-conducted big business 
in the world. To these faithful workers in our 
coordinating agencies, in Washington and else- 
where, the country owes a great debt of grati- 
tude. This picture of widespread commitment 
to good government throughout the service — - 
and extravagant government is not good gov- 
ernment — is most inspiring and encouraging. 
We have demonstrated that saving results 
from efficiency, and efficiency comes from 

Largely because of such work as this, less 
than two years from the time when the low- 
est point was reached, the country was very 
generally restored to normal conditions. From 
that time on there has been an upward swing, 
broken only by short static periods or slight 
temporary recessions. The closing months of 
192S and the opening weeks of 1929 have seen 
American industry and commerce at the high- 
est point ever attained in time of peace. 

In order to understand more clearly what 
the effect of these efforts has been on the 
country, it is only necesary to compare some 
of the major economic factors of 1923 with 
those of 1921. The output of our factories 
increased during that interval nearly 60 per 
cent ; in some cases, such as iron and steel 
production, it was more than doubled. The 
production of the mining industries as a 
group was at least 50 per cent greater last 
year than seven years before. The construc- 
tion of new buildings was much more than 
twice as great in 1928 as in 1921. The ad- 
vance was especially notable and gratifying 
in the building of homes and schools. Check 
payments outside of New York City, where 
the volume is much affected by stock-exchange 
transactions, have increased by about 57 per 
cent over 1921. Railway traffic has been 
about one-third greater than in the earlier 
year and has been carried on with far greater 
efficiency and dispatch. The number of auto- 
mobiles registered is now nearly three times 
as great as at the beginning of 1921, and the 
number manufactured during 1928 was more 
than three times as great as during 1921. 
Electric power production last year was con- 
siderably more than double what it was 
seven years before. From practically nothing, 
the business of radio broadcasting has become 
enormous, and the number of radio-receiving 
sets produced exceeds 13,000.000. The bur- 
dens of our housewives have been immeas- 
urably lightened and their lives broadened by 
the introduction of numerous electrical con- 
veniences and devices, most of which wore 
unknown a few years aco. 

The extent that the ""financial reserves of 
our citizens have increased is strikingly ap- 
parent. Savings deposits rose from $16,500.- 
000.000 at the" end of the fiscal vear 1921 to 
more than $28,000,000,000 on .Tune 30. 1928. 
Between 1921 and 1927 the amount of life 
insurance in force very nearly donbled, and 
the total of such protection came to exceed 
SS7. 000.000. 000. The assets of building and 
loan associations have risen from less than 
$2 900,000,000 in 1921 to more than $7,178,- 
000.000 in 1927. 

The record of the advance in education in 
this country during recent years has been 
truly astonishing. Figures for 1927 and 
102^ are not yet available, but in the short 
period of six years, between 1920 and 1926. 
the number of students in our high schools, 
colleges, and universities grew from about 
three to nearly five millions. There has been 
an immense increase in the output of reading 
matter of all kinds. 

With all our increase in production, the 
numbers of persons employed in several of 
our major activities have, apart from the 
sharp recovery alter the depression of 1921. 
tended to decrease. At present there are 
fewer persons employed in manufactures, 
raining, railway transportation, and agricul- 
ture than in 1919. and the increase as com- 
pared with 15 or 20 years ago is decidedly less 
when compared with the total population of 


the country. This change means the elimina- 
tion of waste and is an evidence of advance 
in living standards. With the constantly 
rising efficiency and greater production per 
man the quantity of goods available per 
capita of the population has increased mate- 
rially. It has also been possible to set some 
workers free to furnish us services as dis- 
tinguished from commodities — services of dis- 
tribution, automobile travel, recreation, and 
amusement. By this means the whole num- 
ber of persons employed has increased. 

I do not claim that action by the National 
Government deserves all the credit for the 
rapid restoration of our country's business 
from the great depression of 1921, or for the 
steady progress that has since taken place. 
Unquestionably, however, wise governmental 
policies, and particularly wise economy in 
Government expenditures with steady reduc- 
tion of the national debt, have had a domi- 
nant influence. The people gained confidence 
in themselves because of increasing confidence 
in their Government. The reduction of taxa- 
tion made possible by the cutting down of 
Government expenditures left more income 
in the hands of the people, enabling them to 
increase their expenditures, and thereby not 
only to obtain greater comforts, but to add 
to the demand for commodities ; it likewise 
helped to provide funds for building up the 
capital of the country and augmenting its 
productive capacity. 

The public needs have not been neglected. 
We have been able to embark upon a building 
program which for public works, hospitals, 
and our military housing requirements will 
cost nearly half a billion dollars. We are 
amortizing the cost of the adjusted service cer- 
tificate fund of veterans of the World War 
and the retirement funds of our civil estab- 
lishment at a cost of $132,000,000 a year. 
Additional funds are being devoted to flood- 
control work and improvements made neces- 
sary by disasters which have overtaken our 
own States and outlying territory. These 
expenditures could not have been financed 
without an economical administration. We 
could not have had tax reductions and the 
added expense of these necessary things withr 
out careful and orderly management of the 
business of government. 

In this period of greatest prosperity the 
purely business phases of administration, the 
interests of commerce and the encouragement 
of industry have not been permitted to absorb 
our attention and mortgage our revenue to the 
exclusion of the more humane objects and 
purposes. The duty and privilege of provid- 
ing for our veterans and employees who have 
need of relief have not been neglected. The 
Employees' Compensation Commission in 1928 
paid out $3,267,000 for the benefit of injured 
Government employees, while the expenditure 
for pensions, compensation, insurance, and 
care for the veterans of various wars ex- 
ceeded in 1928 $600,000,000. In all these 
fields of need the Government has disbursed 
with generous hand, and its hospitals and 
homes for its wards thickly dot the land. In 
times of great" disaster it opened the doors 
of its Treasury. 

On the artistic, altruistic, and patriotic side 
there has been no parsimonious withholding. 
The beautiful Arlington Memorial Bridge that 
is spanning the Potomac, the preservation and 
marking of historic spots, the character of the 
public buildings being erected throughout the 
country, eloquently deny the charge that we 
are only a commercial Nation with no regard 
for anything but the pursuit of the dollar. 
During these late years there has been a 
steady growth of interest in the higher and 
better things, and I am convinced "that the 
tone and character of the Nation has con- 
stantly improved. 

We are giving the people better service than 
ever before. The post office is extending to 
the people, rich and poor, ever-increasing fa- 
cilities. The Public Health Service protects 
us from plague and other evils with a pains- 
taking care heretofore unequaled. In all 
our lives, sleeping and waking, we are guarded 
and protected and helped by the Federal Gov- 
ernment in more and more ways. This has 
been done under the restrictions of a policy 
of drastic economy, which have saved from 
waste the funds to make increased and better 
public service possible. You certainly have 
given abundant reason for being proud' of our 
great Government. 

In spite of all these remarkable accom- 
plishments, much yet remains to be done. We 
still have an enormous public debt of over 
$17,000,000,000. In spite of all our efforts for 
economy, our great savings in interest, and 
our four reductions in taxes, the expenses of 
the Federal Government during the last year 
are showing a tendency to increase. While 
much has been done in reducing the costs, hy 

far the largest item of credit is due for pre- 
venting increased expenditures. A short time 
ago there were pending before the Congress, 
and seriously being advocated, bills which 
would have doubled our annual cost of Gov- 
ernment. At the present time committees 
have reported, and there are on the calendar 
in the Congress, bills which would cost more 
than a billion dollars. Had there not been 
a constant insistence upon a policy of rigid 
economy, many of these bills would have 
become law. 

It would be a great mistake to suppose that 
we can continue our national prosperity with 
the attendant blessings which it confers upon 
the people, unless we continue to insist upon 
constructive economy in government. The 
margin between prosperity and depression is 
always very small. A decrease of less than 
10 per cent in the income of the Nation would 
produce a deficit in our present Budget. The 
costs of State and local governments are rap- 
idly mounting. From $3,900,000,000 in 1921 
the National Industrial Conference Board es- 
timates that they reached $7,931,000,000 in 
1927. This is such a heavy drain on the 
earnings of the people that it is the greatest 
menace to the continuance of prosperity. It 
is a red flag warning us of the danger of de- 
pression and a repetition of the disaster which 
overtook the country in the closing days of 
1920. It i<5 a warning that should be heeded 
by everv one intrusted with the expenditure or 
appropriation of public funds. It is the rea- 
son that further commitments by the National 
Government for any new projects not abso- 
lutely necessary should be faithfully resisted. 

The results of economy which have meant 
so much to our own country, and indirectly 
to the world, could not have been successful 
without the Bureau of the Budget. It has 
been able in eight years to reduce estimates 
by $2,614,000,000. The ability with which 
that bureau has been managed is due to its 
director. Since I have been President it has 
been under General Lord. In all our meetings 
I have spoken of him in terms of commenda- 
tion. He has continued to justify all I have 
ever said in his praise. I wish to take this 
last opportunity which I slfell have during 
my administration publicly to express to him 
again my appreciation of the high character 
of his work and my increasing confidence in 
the Budget system. No friend of sound gov- 
ernment will ever consent to see it weakened. 
No one who admires fidelity and character 
in the public service will ever fail to be grate- 
ful for the services of General Lord, who will 
now address you. 


The director of the Bureau of the 
Budget said, in part : 


We have, a great deal to say about the 
Budget system — possibly too much. I wish, 
however, to emphasize the fact that the Budget 
organization comprises not only the President, 
the Budget Bureau, the Budget officers of the 
various "departments and establishments, the 
Chief Coordinator, our splendid coordinating 
boards, the area coordinators, and the 280 
Federal business associations, but includes 
every person in the Federal service. When 
we speak of Budget achievements we are voic- 
ing the accomplishments of the people in the 
Federal service and the Congress that in its 
wisdom gave us our Budget system. 

The Federal Budget system is no longer an 
experiment. It is not strange that its entry 
into Government operation was regarded with 
misgivings by administrators who through 
years of service had experienced little control 
over their estimates and less control over their 
expenditures. It, however, has come to stay. 
Chief Executives, Cabinet officers, Budget di- 
rectors, bureau chiefs will continue to play 
their parts and pass off the stage, but the 
fundamental importance of budgeting is so evi- 
dent that it has become the fixed policy of the 
Government. The manner in which the policy 
is carried out, the methods of the Budget 
Bureau, may be legitimate objects of criticism, 
but the system itself defies attack. And the 
attitude to-day of the people in the service 
leads one to think that they believe in it and 
approve of it. 

In Budget discussions heretofore we have 
made our comparisons with the year 1921. 
That was the last year free from Budget con- 
trol. The total expenditure for that year, 
exclusive of debt reduction and postal ex- 
penses, was $5,115,927,6S9.30. In 1927 — six 

years later and six Budget years — that extra- 
ordinary outgo had been battered down to 
$2,974,029,674.62. This gave us a reduction 
of $2,141,898,014.68 in six years. The fig- 
ures I have given, which have been chal- 
lenged, are exact — taken from the records 
even to the last straggling penny — and I 
think can be understood even by the school- 
boy who said he had no difficulty with algebra 
and geometry, but couldn't understand mathe- 

That year — 1927 — was also distinguished 
as the year of largest surplus — $635,809,- 
921.70, which you mav recall we applied to 
the debt, saving thereby $25,000,000 in an- 
nual interest. 


That 1927 figure- of $2,974,029,674.62 is 
the lowest expenditure level this Government 
will ever see. The country is growing, ex- 
panding, developing gloriously. Its popula- 
tion is increasing — 105.000,000 in 1920 and 
120,000.000 in 1928. Tou can't run a mod- 
ern mogul locomotive for the money that was 
sufficient to maintain and operate an old- 
style wood-burning engine. When legitimate 
operating expenses fail to show development 
and growth it will be evidence that some- 
thing it radically wrong with the Republic. 

From now on we can look for steady in- 
crease in necessary national expenditures. 
This, however, does not change Budget policy 
nor weaken the demand for the strictest 
economy in Federal operations. Rather that 
demand is strengthened. With the growth 
of the country new important projects will 
present themselves, calling for more money 
from the Treasury, and no matter how great 
the revenues, unless they are courageously 
controlled and wisely directed into channels 
of useful and necessary purposes, burdensome 
additional taxes, or inability to carry on nec- 
essary constructive work, will result. Cer- 
tainly we contemplate no such possibility. 

And the year 1927. with its record of small- 
est expenditure and biggest surplus, forms the 
new starting point for Budget operations. 
From now on instead of striving each year to 
reduce expenses below the preceding year we 
enter upon a new and equally important duty 
to see that advancing costs are reflected in 
necessary development and constructive 

Expenditures in 1928 exceeded the 1927 
record by $149,935,355.73. This was almost 
entirely due to new legislation providing for 
new projects of great national importance. 
We managed, however, with the aid of a 
$50 000.000 reduction in interest, to end the 
year with a surplus of $398,828,281.06. Of 
this amount $367,358,710.12 was applied to 
the debt with an annual interest saving of 


The current year thus far has not been a 
happy one for the Budget organization. An 
original estimated surplus of $252,540,283 was 
by new legislation, including tax reduction, 
transformed into a threatened deficit of 
$94,000,000. At the last meeting of this 
organization in June the President called at- 
tention to this radical change in prospects, 
stated that he nevertheless contemplated no 
deficit at the end of the year, and called his 
executives and administrators into action, to 
work another transformation — to convert that 
$94,000,000 indicated deficit into an assured 
surplus. By his direction the expenditure 
program for the year was radically modified. 
The pruning knife fell here and there and 
everywhere in the grim fight for a balanced 
Budget. Proposed expenditures of doubtful 
immediate necessity went under the guillotine. 
Every year since the installation of the Budget 
system" has been a fighting year, but this year 
we are making the supreme fight of our 

We have not had a deficit since the inau- 
guration of the Budget. We think it too late 
to begin now. We realize the seriousness of 
the deficit threat, and are calling out all our 
reserves to meet it. If we fail and June 30 
finds the balance on the wrong side of the 
Treasury ledger we propose that the Federal 
service be able to say with clear conscience — 

" We made an honest fight for a balanced 
Budget, we husbanded our supplies, we con- 
served our funds, we made every endeavor to 
increase our receipts and reduce our expendi- 
tures, we have done all we could." 

One of the greatest assets of this great 
Government is the devotion of its personnel to 
the Federal service and their whole-hearted 
commitment to the particular projects with 
which they are charged. It is therefore a radi- 
cal departure from the usual to call upon 
(Continued on page 6) 



Untth) States DrV^.ii ; r op Agriculture 

Issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 

Washington, D. C 

The Official Record is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the bureau or office 
officially concerned with the subject matter. 

Copy must be received before Wednesday 
noon in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Record is at 
215 Thirteenth Street SW., in the Press Serv- 
ice. Telephone : Main 4650, branch 242. 


The Official Record now goes to press 
at 10 a. m. on Thursday of the week. 
The deadline for copy is now noon on 
"Wednesday, and copy received after that 
time can not appear in the issue dated the 
following Thursday. 


In Louisiana, members of the State 
game force, United States game protec- 
tors, and Federal deputies have been en- 
gaged in a drive against persons selling 
wild ducks and otherwise violating the 
migratory-bird treaty act. As a result, 
reports the Bureau of Biological Survey, 
which administers the treaty act, a large 
number of persons were prosecuted in 
the United States District Court for the 
Eastern District of Louisiana. Ten per- 
sons were arraigned for killing wild ducks 
and geese in excess of the daily bag 
limits. One was fined $500, three $300 
each, two $200 each, two $10 each, one 
$50, and one $25, a total of $1,895. In 
seven other cases in the same district, 
fines aggregating $1,000 were imposed, 
and 12 persons received jail sentences of 
30 days each and one was sentenced to 
six months. Eight of those receiving 
jail sentences were also required to pay 
fines, six $100 each and two $200 each. 


In answer to the frequent requests 
received by the department for informa- 
tion concerning the legality of adding 
mineral oil to foods, the Food, Drug, and 
Insecticide Administration has issued the 
following statement : 

" Mineral oil is not digested and 
assimilated. It has neither food value 
nor condimental value. It therefore has 
no proper place in food products. Its 
use in foods, either as a substitute for 
edible oil in such products as mayon- 
naise, salad dressings, or household 
flavors, or for other purposes, lowers the 
food value of the finished product. This 
is expressly prohibited by those provi- 

sions of the Federal food and drugs act 
which define a food as adulterated if any 
substance has been mixed and packed 
with the article so as to reduce or lower 
or injuriously affect its quality or 
strength, or if any substance has been 
substituted wholly or in part for the 
article. Products containing mineral oil 
intended for the cure, mitigation, or pre- 
vention of disease are drugs within the 
definition of that term set up by the act 
and should be plainly and conspicuously 
labeled as such. No unwarranted thera- 
peutic claims should appear upon the 
labels or be made otherwise in connec- 
tion with the sale of such products." 


A significant development in forestry 
which the Chief of the Forest Service 
cites in his annual report to the Secre- 
tary is the change that is taking place 
in the attitude of private owners of tiin- 
berland toward forestry. The Chief 
Forester says that many private owners 
no longer regard the practice of good 
forestry as being outside the range of 
good business. With reference to the 
East, the Forester says that private for- 
est management can at best extend itself 
neither fast enough nor far enough to 
afford, by itself, a solution of the forest 
problem, and it must be encouraged by 
public efforts. He says that in the East 
conditions must be made more favorable 
for the extension of private forests, for 
what is at stake is the productiveness of 
336,000,000 acres of privately owned 
forest land. Things which he says are 
necessary to hasten the development of 
private forestry are: Security against 
excessive taxation, effective protection 
against fire, demonstration of practicable 
practices, and constant, steady education 
to accomplish the acceptance of such 
practices. These, he says, are all pub- 
lie functions in which the Federal Gov- 
ernment hopes to lead the way. 


The published work, Forests and Water 
in the Light of Scientific Investigation, 
by Dr. Raphael Zon, director of the Lake 
States Experiment Station of the Forest 
Service, which has gone through three 
editions as a Department of Agriculture 
publication, is now to appear in Russia. 
Dr. J. J. Rostchin, of the State University 
of Tiflis, Province of Georgia, has asked 
Doctor Zon's permission to translate it 
into Russian. " The work in question 
will be of great use and value to all our 
foresters," writes Doctor Rostchin. 
Translated excerpts from the bulletin al- 
ready have appeared in other countries. 


The central stores section of the Divi- 
sion of Purchase, Sales, and Traffic still 
has a supply of the winter issue (1928- 
29) of the Washington (D. C.) telephone 
directory. Old directories should be re- 
turned to the section and be exchanged 
for new ones. The central stores section 
office is at 221 Linworth Place SW. ; its 
telephone branches are 439 and 533. 


Plant Quarantine and Control Administration 

Japaiese Beetle Quarantine Extended 

Secretary Jardine announced on January 29 
a revision of the Japanese beetle quarantine, 
effective February 15, extending the regulated 
area and modifying the regulations govern- 
ing the interstate movement of farm prod- 
ucts, nursery stock, and certain other mate- 
rials, including sand, soil, earth, peat, com- 
post, and manure. 

Maryland, Virginia, and the District of 
Columbia are now brought under this quar- 
antine for the first time. The new territory 
placed under the regulations includes Cecil 
County, Md. (except the voting district of 
Cecilton) ; the entire District of Columbia; 
the city of Alexandria and Arlington County, 
Va. ; all of Delaware north of Sussex County 
and the town of Milford in that county : Rye 
township in Perry County, Pa. ; and 11 town- 
ships in the southern part of New Haven 
County, Conn. 

The quarantine requires inspection and cer- 
tification of farm products during the summer 
from June 15 to October 15. inclusive, except 
that the following articles are exempted : 
Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes when free 
from soil, watermelons, dried fruits, dried 
vegetables, seeds, grains, mushrooms, onion 
sets, broomcorn. and hay and straw when 
used for packing articles other than fruits and 

Interstate movement of farm products from 
the District of Columbia and from the regu- 
lated part of Virginia is not to be restricted 
for the season 1929 owing to the slight degree 
of infestation in these areas. 

Inspection and certification are required for 
nursery, ornamental and greenhouse stock and 
all other plants, plant roots, cut flowers or 
other parts of plants for ornamental use. 
These restrictions on nursery and ornamental 
stock and other plants apply throughout the 
year, except that in the case of cut flowers 
and parts of plants without roots and incapa- 
ble of propagation they are in effect only dur- 
ing the summer months from June 15 to 
October 15. inclusive. Smooth bulbs of tulip, 
hyacinth, gladiolus, and narcissus are com- 
pletely exempted from the certification require- 
ments throughout the year. 

All sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and 
manure must be certified before being moved 
interstate from any point in the regulated 
area into or through any outside point, ex- 
cept that no restrictions are placed on the 
interstate movement of sand for construc- 
tion purposes from the District of Colum- 
bia or from the regulated areas of Virginia. 

Shippers are required to make application 
for inspection sufficiently in advance of the 
probable date of shipment, and to clean nil 
trucks, wagons, cars, boats, and other ve- 
hicles which have been used in transporting 
regulated articles, before they are again 
moved interstate after such use. During the 
beetle flight period in the summer — that is, 
from June 15 to October 15 inclusive — farm 
products, nursery and ornamental stock, and 
sand, soil, earth, peat, compost, and manure 
moving interstate must be screened, covered, 
or otherwise protected to prevent infestation 
of these articles. This applies to all auto- 
mobiles, trucks, wagons, cars, and boats haul- 
ing such articles from the regulated area to 
points outside. 

Changes made in the regulations in the new 
revision include, in addition to the extension 
of territory, a slight modification in the regu- 
lations affecting Class III nurseries and a new 
requirement whereby shippers of farm prod- 
ucts from New York City are brought under 
the same certification regulations as those 
which apply to the rest of the main regulated 

With respect to certain isolated points of 
Japanese beetle spread, including Hagers- 
town, Frederick. Cambridge, and l'elmar in 
Maryland ; Lewiston and Sayre in Pennsyl- 
vania ; Hartford and New London in Con- 
necticut ; Springfield in Massachusetts; and 
Delmar in Delaware, no Federal order has 
been issued. The Secretary approves the 
policy of treating these areas as separate 
control units, conditioned upon cooperation 
by the States concerned acceptable to the de- 
partment, providing for nursery control un- 
der State quarantines but with Federal super- 
vision and the enforcement of clean-up op- 
erations to reduce, or. if possible as to certain 
points, to eradicate the pest. 


The clean-up operations referred to consist 
of soil treatment of areas known or believed 
to be infested with the larvae and the collec- 
tion of beetles during the next summer by 
use of traps or by hand. The Secretary says 
that under these controls the security against 
spread from such outlying points may be even 
more satisfactory than in the general area 
under the Japanese beetle quarantine. At the 
same time the benefit of active cooperation by 
the States, towns, and individuals concerned 
will be secured and the clean-up program may 
be expected greatly to reduce the number of 
beetles and practically to eliminate the kind 
of spread which it is impossible to control 
with any large measure of success under quar- 
antine regulations. 

Copies of the quarantine and regulations 
may be obtained from the Plant Quarantine 
and Control Administration, the department, 

Circular of the Office of Personnel and Business 

Subsistence Expenses for Injured Field Employees 

P. B. A. Circular No. 112 — January 24, 
1929. — The following regulations promul- 
gated by the UnitPd States Employees' Com- 
pensation Commission, relative to the pay- 
ment of subsistence expenses of injured em- 
ployees of the field service receiving medical 
treatment under the United States employees' 
compensation act, have been received from 
the commission, with the request that a copy 
of the same be placed in the hands of all of- 
ficial superiors in the field : 
Regulations for payment of subsistence ex- 
penses of injured employees receiving medi- 
cal treatment under the provisions of the 
Act of September 1, 1916 
The expense incured for board and lodging 
furnished an injured employee of a field serv- 
ice of the United States, will be accepted as 
a charge against the compensation fund and 
paid by the United States Employees' Com- 
pensation Commission from that fund under 
the following circumstances : 

1. If the condition of an employee due to 
an injury is such as to justify his hospitaliza- 
tion and no hospital is available or the hos- 
pital at which he is being treated does not 
have the facilities for receiving or keeping 
him. the expenses for his board and lodging 
incurred as authorized below will be assumed 
and paid by the commission. 

2. If the exigencies of the service require 
that a field service employee disabled for 
work, and though not requiring hospitaliza- 
tion, is receiving medical treatment from a 
designated or otherwise approved physician 
or as an out-patient of a hospital, be fur- 
nished board and lodging directly by a Gov- 
ernment agency or by a private person, the 
value of such board and lodging furnished 
in kind shall be deducted currently from the 
injury compensation payable to him and the 
bills for the board and lodging furnished 
other than by the Government agency during 
the period he is disabled from work and re- 
ceiving medical treatment, will be paid by 
the commission. 

3. Official superiors authorizing the fur- 
nishing of board and lodging at the expense 
of the commission, must immediately notify 
the commission of that fact, of the rate that 
will be charged therefor and the period for 
which authority is given, which in no event 
shall exceed the period during which the em- 
ployee is disabled from work and actually 
receiving authorized medical treatment, and 
except in cases justifying hospitalization and 
thus governed by paragraph 1, shall advise 
the employee that deduction for the value of 
such board and lodging from the compensa- 
tion payable to him will be made by the 

4. Official superiors of field services are 
authorized to incur expense for board and 
lodging for injured employees as a charge 
against the United States Employees' Com- 
pensation Commission only under special con- 
ditions which prevent any other method of 
furnishing medical treatment. Should there 
be any doubt as to the authority to furnish 
board and lodging to an employe the com- 
mission should be communicated with by wire 
if necessary. 

The bureaus and offices of the department 
are respectfully requested to comply wfth the 
commission's request. 

— W. W. Stockberger, Director. 

Circulars of the Bureau of the Budget 

Relief of Maj. Sydney Smith Lee from and Assignment 
of Mai. Alexander A. Vandergrift to Office of Chief 
Upon the request of the Major General 

Commandant, Major Sydney Smith Lee, U. S. 

Marine Corps, is hereby relieved from fur- 
ther duty in the Office of the Chief Coordi- 
nator, effective on or about February 20. In 
accordance with the provisions of Circular No. 
15, Bureau of the Budget, dated July 27, 1921. 
and upon the recommendation of the Major 
General Commandant, Major Alexander A. 
Vandergrift, U. S. Marine Corps, has been as- 
signed to the Office of the Chief Coordinator': 
By direction of the President. 

— H. M. Lord, Director. 

Assignment of Capt. Charles P. Nelson, United States 
Navy, to Duty as Coordinator, Seventh Area 

In accordance with the provisions of Cir- 
cular No. 15, Bureau of the Budget, dated 
July 27, 1921, and upon the recommendation 
of the Navy Department, Capt. Charles P. 
Nelson, United States Navy, is hereby assigned 
to duty as coordinator of the seventh area 
with station at Seattle, Wash. The Navy 
Department will direct Captain Nelson to 
report in person to the chief coordinator 
for temporary duty on or about February 4, 
and thereafter to report to the coordinator, 
ninth area, San Francisco, Calif., for tem- 
porary duty, and upon completion of that duty 
to proceed to his designated station. By direc- 
tion of the President : 

— H. M. Lord, Director. 



Applications must be on file with the Civil 
Service Commission at Washington, D. C, not 
later than March 5. The examination is to 
fill vacancies occurring in the Bureau of Plant 
Industry, for duty at Arlington Farm, Vir- 
ginia, and in positions requiring similar quali- 
fications in Washington, D. C, or in the field. 
The entrance salaries range from $1,800 to 
$2,100 a year ; higher-salaried positions are 
filled through promotion. The duties are, 
under immediate supervision, to assist in tech- 
nical investigation work, to do machine and 
lathe work, construct and operate apparatus 
for making temperature measurements, make 
mechanical drawings, assist in designing and 
building precooling and heater equipment, 
make transportation test trips, and carry on 
experimental work involving a knowledge of 
perishable traffic and the practical handling of 
refrigerated produce in transit. Competitors 
will he rated on practical questions, education, 
training and experience. 

cations must be on file with the Civil Service 
Commission at Washington, D. C, not later 
than March 6. The examination is to fill a 
vacancy in the position of Garden Supervisor, 
United States Veterans' Bureau, with head- 
quarters at Washington, D. C, and vacancies 
occurring in positions requiring similar quali- 
fications. The entrance salary is $2,600 a 
year ; higher-salaried positions are filled 
through promotion. The duties are to inspect 
the planting and horticultural work at vari- 
ous hospitals in all parts of the country ; to 
advise and' instruct hospital gardeners and 
other personnel regarding the planting, care, 
pruning, and treatment of plants ; to make 
investigations and reports in connection with 
formulation of policies regarding upkeep of 
grounds. Competitors will not be required to 
report for examination at any place, but will 
be rated on education, experience, and a thesis. 

ASSISTANT CHEMIST. — Applications for assist- 
ant chemist must be on file with the Civil 
Service Commission at Washington, D. C, not 
later than March 6. The examination is to 
fill vacancies in the Departmental Service, 
Washington, D. C, and in the field. The en- 
trance salary in the District of Columbia is 
$2,600 a year ; for appointment outside of 
Washington, D. C, the salary will be approxi- 
mately the same. Optional subjects are ad- 
vanced inorganic chemistry, analytical chemis- 
try, organic chemistry, and physical chemis- 
try. Competitors will not be required to re- 
port for examination at any place, but will 
be rated on education, training, experience, and 
publication or thesis. 

JUNIOR RANGE EXAMINER. — Applications must 
be on file with the Civil Service Commission 
at Washington, D. C, not later than March 
12. The examination is to fill vacancies in 
the Forest Service and in positions requiring 
similar qualifications. The salary range in 
the Forest Service is $2,000 to $2,500 a year. 
A probationary period of one year is required. 
The duties will be to conduct grazing recon- 
naissance on the forests and make investiga- 
tions and experiments for bringing about bet- 
ter methods of handling stock and utilizing 
the forage crop and for range development in 


Undergraduate Course in Poultry Husbandry 

The one-semester course in poultry hus- 
bandry, given in the second semester of the 
Department of Agriculture Graduate School, 
held its first session Monday, February 4. 
This is a noncredit course. It is conducted 
by Dr. M. A. Jull, in charge of the poultry 
section, animal husbandry division, Bureau 
of Animal Industry. The class meets at 4.30 
Mondays and Wednesdays, in room 225, Build- 
ing F, Seventh Street SW. 

The course is practical rather than techni- 
cal. It deals with the nature and uses of 
poultry products ; the poultry industry of 
the United States ; breeds and varieties of 
poultry ; breeding principles and practices ; 
development of the egg ; incubation and brood- 
ing principles and practices ; rearing ; housing 
principles and practices ; yarding practice ; 
poultry nutrition, including poultry feeds, and 
the feeding of chicks, laying stock, and market 
poultry ; sanitation, parasites, and diseases ; 
preparing eggs for market and marketing ; 
and the egg industry. 

This course is open to anyone desiring to 
enroll. The tuition fee is $15 for the semes- 

Any further information desired will be 
furnished by the office of Dr. A. F. Woods, 
director of scientific work, who is director of 
the graduate school, or by Doctor Jull, upon 

general. Examiners also aid in the adminis- 
tration of grazing on the national forests 
and may be assigned to administrative ranger 
district work. Competitors will be rated on 
range management, botany, a thesis, educa- 
tion, and experience. 

JUNIOR FORESTER. — Applications must be on 
file with the Civil Service Commission at 
Washington, D. C, not later than March 5. 
The examination is to fill vacancies in the 
Forest and Indian Services and in positions 
requiring similar qualifications. The salary 
range in" the Forest Service is $2,000 to $2,500 
a year. A probationary period of one year 
is required. The duties of appointees will he 
in subordinate work on such lines of work as 
timber sales, such as scaling and marking 
timber on small sales ; improvement in the 
construction of roads, trails, and other engi- 
neering works ; timber cruising and mapping ; 
forestation, both nursery and planting proj- 
ects ; protection from fire, insects, and dis- 
eases : wild-life management ; ranger district 
administration ; and research in silviculture, 
products, range management, and economics at 
forest experiment stations, or in Washington. 
Competitors will be rated on forest manage- 
ment, forest utilization, a thesis, education, 
and experience. 

Applications must be on file with the United 
States Civil Service Commission at Washing- 
ton. D. C, not later than February 19. Per- 
sons who enter this examination will not be 
admitted to any other examination for which 
the receipt of applications closes on February 
19. The date for assembling of competitors 
will be stated on admission cards, and will be 
about 15 days after the close of receipt of 

The Civil Service Commission announces the 
addition of the following to the education and 
experience requirement in announcement No. 
32 of the open competitive examination for 
junior supervisor of grain inspection : 

" Senior students. — Senior students major- 
ing in agriculture in a college or university of 
recognized standing will be admitted to this 
examination subject to their furnishing during 
the existence of the eligible register resulting 
from this examination proof of actual gradu- 
ation. This proof should consist of a certi- 
fied or photostat copy of diploma, or a letter 
or a brief certificate from the proper college 
officer. The names of senior students who 
attain eligibility in the examination may be 
certified and provisional appointment may be 
made at any time their names are reached for 
certification during the existence of the eligi- 
ble register, but such eligibles may not enter 
on duty until they have furnished proof of 
actual graduation." 

Full further information concerning this ex- 
amination is contained in original announce- 
ment No. 32. 



(Continued from page 3) 

these administrators and ask them to modify 
their plans for the purpose of saving money 
with which to balance the National Budget. 
The quite general ready and sympathetic re- 
sponse to the President's appeal emphasizes 
the splendid morale of the service and shows 
its realization that the importance of a bal- 
anced Budget outweighs the importance of 
their special projects. 

As a result of this drastic action and an 
improvement in the revenue outlook, the Bud- 
get for 1930 as submitted to Congress showed 
a possible surplus for the current year of 
$36,990,192. And while the flush of victory 
still mantled our checks unexpected and un- 
heralded demands rudely wiped out our $37,- 
000.000 surplus and put in its place an appar- 
ent deficit of about the same amount. But we 
are still fighting. 


We haven't organized a new service club 
since the advent of the much discussed Wood- 
pecker Club. The time is ripe and need ur- 
gent for the installation of a new saving or- 
ganization, and so I present for your approval 
the Federal Casualty Club. To acquire mem- 
bership you will from now on up to and in- 
cluding June 30 next let all vacancies remain 
unfilled, thereby contributing toward a bal- 
anced budget the far from negligible sum of 
$12,500,000. This does not contemplate the 
withholding of promotions. It directs itself 
only to the filling of vacancies by new ap- 

The Bureau of the Budget makes first appli- 
cation for membership. And I am confident 
this can be done without much trouble or 
sacrifice. You have accomplished much more 
difficult things than the one you are now 
asked to do — to save us that $12,500,000. i 


The estimates sent to Congress for 1930 call 
for $280,777,617.33 less than the depart- 
ments originally asked. Cuts in estimates 
made by the Budget Bureau during the entire 
Budget period — reductions made by direction 
of the President before submission to Con- 
gress — totaled $1,961,681,076.49. This, how- 
ever, does not tell the whole story, for Budget 
boards organized in the various departments 
take their toll before the estimates are sent 
to the Budget Bureau. The Treasury De- 
partment Budget Board, for example, reduced 
estimates by $61.325.08o.54, while the War 
Department authorities shaved $590,560,046 
from estimates before sending them to the 
Bureau of the Budget. Exclusive of reduc- 
tions made by other Budget boards, we have 
a total reduction under Budget procedure of 
$2,613,766,207.54. These major operations 
were not performed without protests and 
prophecies of dire calamity as a result of such 
reductions. But the disasters and fatalities 
predicted have not materialized, and we have 
to-day a more efficient organization than ever 
before. Many plants thrive with pruning, and 
the Federal plant seems to be one of them. 

The estimates for 1930 show a possible sur- 
plus of $60,576,182. This result is reached 
without figuring into the equation pending 
legislation and possible court action that may 
add millions to our expenditures and seriously 
threaten that narrow safety margin of $60.- 
000.000. Facing these conditions, the Presi- 
dent stated that no estimates would meet with 
his approval that would contribute to a deficit 
in 1930. Appeals for funds must be confined 
to purposes of such supreme importance and 
urgency as would obviously warrant the risk 
of jeopardizing the 1930 balance. From a 
Budget standpoint no other course is possible, 
and supplemental estimates axe having a hard 
time. Proponents of these supplemental 
urge that their needs, as voiced in their esti- 
mates, meet in full these requirements of im- 
portance and urgency. 

We try in reviewing estimates to decide on 
the merits of each case and not allow ourselves 
to be convinced by the eloquence shown or the 
pressure applied by the advocates of particu- 
lar projects. Some of the Federal representa- 
tives are gifted above others in the advocacy 
of their wants. It is the duty of the Budget 
Bureau to see that priority of merit is recog- 
nized irrespective of the strength or weakness 
of the presentation. 


We still have a national debt. While we 
are committed to its reduction and final ex- 
tinction we will miss it in a way when it is 
gone for it stands as a constant, eloquent ap- 
peal for economy in operation. Its consistent 

reduction is a measure in a large way of the 
effectiveness of our administration. Every 
dollar whittled from its all too magnificent 
proportions is a tribute to thrift in Govern- 

The. books of the Treasury August 31. 1919, 
showed a gross national debt of $26,o96,701,- 
64S.01. By application of the various sur- 
pluses of the years 1920 to 1928. amounting 
to $3,091,000,000, through the operations of 
the cumulative sinking fund act, by foreign 
payments, the brilliant refunding operations 
of the Treasury Department and other factors, 
on June 30 last that crushing total was re- 
duced to $17,604,293,201.43. This gave us an 
actual reduction in a little less than nine Years 
of $8.922,408.446.58 — an average reduction 
over a period of nine years of $1,000,000,000 
a year. Could anything be more eloquent of 
the stability of our great Government and the 
wisdom that has governed its administration ! 

We are committed to the important task of 
bringing that debt balance down to $15,000.- 
000,000 in three years. From July 1 to De- 
cember 31 last, the debt was reduced by 
$290,000,000, which means an annual saving 
of $11,000,000 in interest. 


There are hundreds of live, active organi- 
zations, created for the purpose of getting 
money out of the Federal Treasury. The 
Budget Bureau is an organization created 
and set apart by Congress for the defense 
of the Treasury. In the fight for protection 
of the taxpayers' money we meet always well 
organized, amply financed opposition. The 
Budget director, as the President's representa- 
tive, is almost overwhelmed at times with 
floods of letters, telegrams, personal appeals, 
and pressure of various kinds for favorable 
recommendation to the President for funds 
from the Treasury for purposes which he. with 
his impartial view of the entire field of Fed- 
eral operation, knows should not be approved. 


In June, 1927, the Loyal Order of Wood- 
peckers was organized in the Federal service 
to give the thousands of Federal workers a 
definite place in the campaign for thrift. 
To become a member a saving of at least 
$1 a year must be made. With 568,715 em- 
ployees there could be effected a saving of 
more than a half-million dollars a year, and 
that seemed worth trying. Of course, the 
more important purpose was the development 
of the spirit of conservation of Government 
money, time, and supplies. The proposal met 
with loyal response from the service. 

I have an illustration for the especial bene- 
fit of those critics who can see in a Budget 
report a few cents saved on pencils, which 
thev ridicule, and fail to notice a saving in 
that same report of $384,000,000 under our 
general reserve policy. 

The Interior Department circularized its 
employees urging them to enlist in the Wood- 
pecker Club and pledge themselves to make a 
specific saving during the year of at least SI. 
I read from a letter sent to the district super- 
intendent by a clerk at an Indian agency in 
Oklahoma. The letter was a response to the 
department circular : 

From the appropriation for lights and fuel 
I have saved at least $1 * * * by sitting 
by the open fire in the evening with the lights 
turned out except when reading. * * * 
Through an open window my kitchen light 
shines into a mirror on my bathroom wall, 
which in turn reflects the light onto the white 
wall opposite and illuminates the entire bath- 

And you smile. I did when I first read it. 
Then I pictured that lone Federal worker, on 
an Indian reservation, in far-distant Okla- 
homa, with little opportunity to save, study- 
ing to make his modest contribution to Fed- 
oral economy and efficiency. And I smiled 
no longer. Spanning the prairies, crossing 
the rivers, and singing its way across the 
great open spaces, that subdued but penetrat- 
ing note of economy that pulses through every 
phase of Federal activity, sounding clear and 
full in the remotest parts of the globe wherever 
the flag flies, found a responsive echo in the 
thought and consciousness of this loyal 
worker at one of the Nation's outposts. 

" Through an open window my kitchen light 
shines into a mirror on mv bathroom wall, 
which in turn reflects the light onto the white 
wall opposite and illuminates the entire bath- 

Fortunate the Government that has em- 
ployees' of that type on its pay roll. If that 
crusading spirit could posess the entire serv- 
ice, what a staggering record of saving we 
could make. Thank God, there's no degree 

of merit in honest service. The charwoman 
who conserves Federal soap at the expense of 
her elbow in the interest of saving is entitled 
to the same medal for service as he who 
saves millions. 

Mr. President, at the Federal business meet- 
ing held in this hall June 30, 1924, you made 
this declaration : 

" I am for economy. After that I am for 
more economy. At this time and under pres- 
ent conditions that is my conception of serv- 
ing all the people." 

Here is the inspiration of our great thrift 
crusade — not to save money, but to save peo- 
ple. We had tried to substitute " to save " 
for " to spend ". It had seemed a dreary, 
drab program, but you, Mr. President, vitalized 
it. and gave it human interest. From a cold, 
impersonal thing, economy became a matter 
of the most intense personal interest, not only 
to the people in the service, but to the people 
of the country who gave to your policy of 
saving their enthusiastic approval. A miracle 
was wrought in the minds of the many, and 
thrift became more nearly than ever before 
the habit of the Nation. As a result of this 
policy, taxes were reduced and something 
more of hope and comfort and contentment 
brought into the homes of the people. 
Joaquin Miller has a new and I believe truer 
conception of that often misapplied word 
" hero " : 

The hero we love in this land of to-day 

Is the hero who lightens some fellow 

man's load — 
Who makes of the mountain some pleas- 
ant highway ; 
Who makes of the desert some blossom- 
sown road. 

This you have done, Mr. President. The in- 
terest of the taxpayer and the well-being and 
happiness of more than 120.000.000 of people 
are inseparably bound up in this policy of 
saving. Thrift has won for itself permanent 
and prominent place in Federal administra- 
tion. To you the everlasting credit, to you 
the respect and appreciation of the Federal 
service, to you the eratitude of the Nation. 


One able Federal administrator who 
disburses millions was greatly concerned 
when it was suggested that he reduce 
his spending by a considerable amount. 
Said he, " If I reduce my expenditures 
by that amount it will seriously inter- 
fere with mv plans. What am I coing 
to do?" 

He was told the story of the woman 
on an Atlantic steamship. The sea got 
a little rough and she sent for the col- 
ored steward. 

" What am I going to do if I am 
taken sick ? " she asked. 

Said the steward, " Lady, it's no use 
telling you what you'se goin' to do if 
you'se taken sick. You'se goin' to do it 

— Told by the Director of the Bureau 
of the Budget, speaking at the meeting 
of the Business Organization of the 


Upon request of the Bureau of Prohibition, 
Department of the Treasury, the services of 
L. E. Warren, a chemist in drug control, 
have been given to the bureau on recent oc- 
casions for consultation in pharmaceutical 
work in connection with the enforcement of 
the Volstead Act. In rendering these special 
services for the Bureau of Prohibition. Mr. 
Warren recently spent several days in New 
York City in consultation with prohibition 
enforcement officials, the question at issue at 
that time being whether there could bo any 
objection from the pharmaceutical standpoint 
to the substitution of ethyl alcohol in equiva- 
lent alcoholic strength for whisky in the 
manufacture of proprietary preparations in 
which whisky is used as a solvent, extrac- 
tive, or preservative. 

Solomon Reznek. Washington. D. C, 1928 
graduate of George Washington University, 
has been appointed as a junior chemist at 
the New York City station. 

W. M. Goldberg, graduate of the University 
of Minnesota, h.-is been appointed as a chemist 
at the New York City station. 




(Continued from page 1) 

and I. W. Hill, C. L. Chambers, Mrs. Ola 
Powell Malcolm, Florence E. Ward, G. B. 
Farrell, and Madge J. Reese. Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics — W. J. Spillman, 
division of farm management and costs ; 
W. F. Callander, in charge of the division 
of crop and livestock estimates; B. 
Youngblood, division of cotton marketing ; 
and C. L. Christensen, in charge of the 
division of cooperative marketing. Bu- 
reau of Public Roads — S. H. McCrory, 
chief of the division of agricultural engi- 
neering. Bureau of Animal Industry — 
E. W. Sheets, chief of the animal hus- 
bandry division ; V. V. Parr, in charge 
of the Stamford, Tex., field station of the 
animal husbandry division ; and E. W. 
Price, in charge of work on miscellane- 
ous parasites, zoological division. Bu- 
reau of Dairy Industry — J. H. McClain, 
in charge of dairy introduction work. 
Bureau of Entomology — B. R. Coad, in 
charge of the Tallulah, La., field labora- 
tory, office of cotton insects ; E. W. Dun- 
nam and K. P. Ewing, entomologists, of- 
fice of cotton insects ; T. E. Holloway, 
in charge of the New Orleans, La., sugar- 
cane, corn, and rice insects field labora- 
tory, office of cereal and forage insects ; 
G. F. Moznette, in charge of the Alabama- 
Georgia nut-insects field laboratory, and 
H. S. Adair, entomologist at the Brown- 
wood, Tex., branch of this laboratory ; 
K. L. Cockerham, in charge of the sweet- 
potato weevil control field office at Biloxi, 
Miss. ; and O. I. Snapp, in charge, and 
H. L. Swingle, entomologist at the Fort 
Valley, Ga., peach-insects laboratory. 
Plant Quarantine and Control Adminis- 
tration — P. A. Hoidale, quarantine in- 
spector in charge of the Mexican fruit 
worm quarantine headquarters, Harlin- 
gen. Tex. 

The program of the extension histori- 
cal section, which is meeting in two 
afternoon sessions, follows : Wednesday, 
February 6, Historical review of exten- 
sion work by States and regions, includ- 
ing Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkan- 
sas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and 
South Carolina ; to-day, a continuation 
of the historical review including North 
Carolina, Virginia, Florida, and Tennes- 
see, and the Eastern States region, the 
Central States region, and the Western 
States region. 

The programs of the general sessions 
include a review of the first 10 years of 
demonstration work, by J. A. Evans, as- 
sistant chief of the Office of Cooperative 
Extension Work, who was one of the 
first agents to engage in farm-demonstra- 
tion activities ; a discussion of agricul- 
tural legislation in the United States by 
Hon. A. F. Lever, of South Carolina, 
former Representative in Congress, who 
was joint author with Senator Hoke 
Smith of the cooperative extension act 
of 1914 ; and a biographical sketch of the 
life of Seaman A. Knapp, who while em- 
ployed by the United States Department 
of Agriculture, inaugurated the farm- 
demonstration movement, by his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. A. M. Mayo. 

The extension section is meeting in 
three afternoon sessions, the programs of 
which have for their general topic " The 
extension game." On February 5, I. W. 
Hill, Office of Cooperative Extension 

Work, spoke on the subject " The score 
at the end of the first quarter." Other 
talks at this meeting were : " What to ex- 
pect in the next quarter," " Teamwork," 
and " Friends on the side line." Other 
parts of the program have to do with the 
economic backgrounds of demonstration 
work, best types of demonstrations, duties 
of supervisors in carrying out plans, and 
making use of successful demonstrations. 


The Bureau of Biological Survey re- 
cently received data which, the bureau 
believes, represent the longest flight of 
a banded bird ever reported. A fledgling 
Arctic tern, banded at Turnevik Bay, 
Labrador, on July 23, 1928, by Oliver 
L. Austin, jr., was found dead on the 
beach at Margate, 15 miles southwest of 
Port Shepstone, Natal, South Africa, on 
November 14, 1928. This is remarkable 
not only for the distance covered but for 
the time element, as the bird could have 
been only about four months old when 
found. It suggests the possibility that 
these birds, which are rarely or never 
seen on the South Atlantic coast of the 
United States, may cross the ocean to 
Europe and then proceed south. The 
tern belongs to the gull family. 

The department is now enforcing some 
20 domestic quarantines to control the 
interstate movement of plants and plant 
products. Some of the more important of 
these quarantines are those against the 
gipsy moth, the browntail moth, the pink 
bollworm of cotton, date palm scale in- 
sects, the Japanese beetle, the European 
corn borer, the Mexican fruit worm, the 
white-pine blister rust, the Woodgate 
rust, and the potato wart. 



(Continued from page 1) 

ever been given to any other single state- 
ment of agricultural information, the 
department believes. 

By the time a quarter of a million of 
printed bulletins have been distributed, 
and 38 or more of the States have issued 
State and regional outlook reports for 
1929, outlook information will have been 
given wider distribution in a shorter 
period of time than has been given to 
any other kind or type of useful informa- 
tion in the past, it is believed. 

In addition to all the above publicity 
efforts which have been made so far, and 
will be made, to distribute the annual 
outlook information, there is the great 
agency of extension work, which is mak- 
ing, and will make, extraordinary efforts 
to carry the information definitely into 
practice on the individual farms of the 

The extension conferences which pre- 
ceded the issuance of the outlook report 
were devoted to discussion and consid- 
eration of ways of doing the outlook work 
in the field. The four regional outlook 
conferences which were held Saturday, 
January 26, were a new feature of Out- 
look Week. These conferences proved to 
be very helpful to the men who are to 
prepare reports for their respective States 
and regions. 



(Continued from page 1) 

Prospective commercial requirement for 
broomcorn during 1929 appear to justify a 
small increase in broomcorn acreage over that 
harvested in 1928. 

Since a provision of the appropriation act 
for the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture prohibits the making of any statement 
regarding the future prices of cotton or the 
trend of same, no report on the outlook for 
cotton has been prepared. 

The outlook for the cattle industry continues 
favorable with prices about at the peak of the 
cycle. This does not appear to be a favorable 
time for new producers to enter the industry. 
Those already in may profit by moderate ex- 
pansion during the next two or three years 
even though prices go somewhat lower. 

The hog outlook for 1929 is favorable. 
Slaughter is expected to be considerably 
smaller than in 1928, with some improvement 
in foreign demand and no material change in 
domestic demand. The seasonal levels of hog 
prices in 1929 and 1930 are expected to aver- 
age higher than in 1928. 

Returns from dairying will continue to 
vary rather sharply from season to season 
according to pastures, feed conditions, and 
urban demand. The gradually increasing de- 
mand for milk and milk products will prob- 
ably maintain about the present spread be- 
tween the prices of feed and the prices of 
dairy products until there is such a material 
change in the beef situation that farmers 
will increase milk production by milking a 
larger number of beef-type cows. 

Although increased numbers of sheep in 
this country have not as yet affected the 
markets, caution should enter into produc- 
tion plans as present lamb prices can not be 
maintained if expansion is continued too 
rapidly. Sheep numbers continued to in- 
crease during 1928 and the lamb crop this 
year may show some increase above last year. 
Active business .conditions will continue to 
help support the lamb and wool market well 
through 1929, with possible slackening in late 
1929 or in 1930. 

The outlook for mohair producers in the 
United States is fairly good, but not quite so 
good as it was at this time last year. Do- 
mestic production appears to be increasing 
more rapidly than consumption in the United 
States ; foreign consumption in 1928 was less 
than in 1927. 

Horse prices during 1929 may continue up- 
ward, especially in Eastern States. Mule 
prices during 1929 are expected to remain 
higher than during 1927, and mav even exceed 
the prices of 1928. 

The prospective poultry supply and demand 
situation indicates higher prices during the 
first half of the current year than prevailed 
a year ago and prices for eggs during the 
first six months lower than those in 1928 but 
higher than those in 1927. The situation is 
favorable to the producer of poultry because 
of the relatively smaller stocks of chickens on 
farms, smaller cold-storage holdings, and 
larger supplies of feed. 

Hay prices for the 1929 crop may not 
average as high as for the 1928 crop, but 
will probably be higher than those for 1927, 
if yields and quality in 1929 are average and 
if production is well distributed in the prin- 
cipal surplus producing hay areas. The pres- 
ent high prices for hay were caused princi- 
pally by a shortage in the important shipping 
States rather than by a reduction in the crop 
as a whole. The feed supply, including feed 
grains, feedstuffs, and hay, is slightly larger 
than last year, and well above the average 
of the past five years. 

Potato growers are now planning to plant 
an acreage 11 per cent smaller than they 
planted last year, indicating the probability 
of harvested acreage slightly below that of 
1927. If average weather conditions are ex- 
perienced this season, and the yield follows 
the trend of recent years, a yield of about 
117 bushels per acre must be expected. If 
this yield is secured on an acreage 11 per 
cent below that available for harvest in 192S, 
production will be around 400,000,000 bushels. 
Considering the reduced outlet for early po- 
tatoes because of stocks on hand, this would 
be a sufficient supply. A moderate increase in 
acreage of sweet potatoes and some increase 
in yield are to be expected. 

An average yield of beans in 1929 on an 
acreage 10 per cent greater than that har- 
vested in 1928 would produce about the supply 
needed, provided such increased acreage is 


properly apportioned among the different 
classes, according to demand. A greater acre- 
age increase, or a yield much above average, 
might put the market ou an export basis with 
drastic price reductions. 

The immediate market outlook for old cab- 
bage and for the early cabbage crop is fav- 
orable by the light holdings in northern stor- 
age, but if intentions of heavy plantings of 
southern cabbage are carried out, prices will 
be reduced. Northern main-crop cabbage 
should be held close to last season's moderate 

Any increase in onion acreage in the late 
main-crop or northern area would probably 
result in lower prices in 1929. 

After several years of extremely rapid ex- 
pansion of lettuce acreage, the point has been 
reached at which a substantial immediate in- 
crease seems undesirable, particularly in West- 
ern States, until the market develops greater 

The 1929 outlook for citrus fruits indicates 
as did those of the three previous years, a 
considerable increase in the bearing acreages 
of grapefruit and oranges. Many trees now 
in bearing have not reached the age of maxi- 
mum yield and a large increase over pro- 
duction in recent years may be expected in 
years when favorable growing weather pre- 
vails. Under these conditions price levels be- 
low those of recent years may be anticipated. 

Commercial production of apples for the 
country as a whole will continue at a high 
level and probably will increase over a period 
of 5 or 10 years. The rate of increase is 
likely to be 'lower than during the last 10 
years, but with the large number of trees 
now in orchards the possibility of heavy 
production and low prices will continue. 

The outlook is for continued heavy pro- 
duction of peaches for the next few seasons, 
whenever weather conditions are favorable. 

Heavy production of grapes in the West 
is in prospect for several years to come. It 
appears that any probable immediate increase 
in consumption will be too limited to aid in 
marketing the crop unless aided by an im- 
mediate reduction in acreage, particularly in 

Acreage of strawberries in the early and 
the late shipping States, where there is only 
limited competition, does not appear to be 
excessive, and market prospects in other 
areas are fairly good but acreage is exces- 

In general about the same cantaloupe acre- 
age for the United States as a whole as in 
1928. with a few sharp local adjustments, 
will give satisfactory results this season, as- 
suming average growing and marketing con- 

Unless watermelon acreage is reduced from 
10 to 20 per cent below that of 1928, an aver- 
age yield in 1929 is likely to result in unsatis- 
factbrv prices. An average cut of about 
15 per cent would limit the producing area 
close to the more moderate acreage of 1927 
and still yield an average crop in an. average 

Probably not more than 25 per cent in- 
crease in the production of large-podded. Vir- 
ginia-type peanuts can be absorbed without 
lowering the present average price of this type 
to the farmer. A maintenance this year of 
the 1928 acreage of Spanish and Runner types 
of peanuts in the Southeast and Southwest 
can be expected to result in prices reasonably 
satisfactory to the grower. 

The outlook for cigar types of tobacco in 
1929 appears favorable. The present outlook 
for flue-cured tobacco indicates the need for 
a reduction in acreage in 1929 compared with 
1928. A moderate increase in hurley acre- 
age might safely be made, but there is grave 
danger that the burley growers will respond 
to present prices by overplanting in 1929. 
The outlook for fire-cured and dark-air cured 
tobacco does not Justify an increase in acre- 
age in 1929. 

Prospects point to a continuation of large 
world sugar production, with sugar prices at 
a low level through another year. 

The present honev outlook, based on the 
condition of honey plants, is for a honey flow 
in 1929 better than the average of recent 


The Official Record has a column which 
runs under the head " New Ideas and Dis- 
coveries." The purpose of this column is to 
give publication to the now things in science, 
administration, and invention which are con- 
ceived, developed, or found by the people of 
tin- department. The column is open to the 
entire staff of the department for contribution 
to it. 

Andresen Measure Designed to Lessen 

Dangers to Fowl from Drainage 

and Other Causes 

Provision for meeting more effeetively 
the obligations of the United States 
under the migratory-bird treaty with 
Great Britain are provided in a bill 
(H. R. 16525) introduced in Congress by 
Representative Andresen, of Minnesota. 
The bill is intended to lessen the dangers 
to migratory game birds from drainage 
and other causes. It authorizes the ac- 
quisition of areas of land and of water 
to furnish permanent reservations for 
the protection of such birds. Necessary 
appropriations for the establishment, 
maintenance, and improvement of such 
reservations would be provided. For the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1930, $75,000 
would be provided in addition to all 
other amounts authorized by law under 
the migratory-bird treaty act, and the 
appropriation would be increased there- 
after until the amount reached for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1933, at which 
figure the appropriation would remain 
for six fiscal years thereafter. 

Establishment of a joint congressional 
committee to study the public domain 
and the national forests and to recom- 
mend a legislative policy relating to such 
lands is proposed in a resolution (S. J. 
Res. 203) introduced by Senator Steiwer, 
of Oregon. Under the resolution a study 
would be made of the relation between 
the United States and the several States 
in matters relating to forest conserva- 
tion. The bill would direct the proposed 
committee to proceed on the theory that 
conservation of the public resources is to 
be continued as a permanent policy for 
the benefit of the entire Nation, without 
placing undue burden on the States. It 
further directs that recommendations 
shall be made regarding forest taxation. 

Senator McNary, of Oregon, has in- 
troduced a bill (S. 5529) to add certain 
lands to the Crater National Forest in 
Oregon. Senator Pittman. of Nevada, 
has introduced a bill (S. 5566) to include 
certain lands in the counties of Lincoln, 
Nye. and White Pine in the Nevada Na- 
tional Forest. 

Reenactment of the provisions of the 
tariff act of 1922 relating to jute and 
jute products has been introduced in a 
bill (S. 5574) by Senator Ransdell, of 
Louisiana. Amendment of the tariff 
schedules proposed in the 1922 act is 
contemplated in the bill. 

The House has also passed, with 
amendments, a bill (S. 1731) to provide 
for the further development of voca- 
tional education in the several States 
and Territories. This bill as passed by 
the Senate (at the last session) would 
authorize appropriations of $500,000 for 
the fiscal year 1929, and for each year 
thereafter, for 11 years, a sum exceedins 
by $500,000 the amount authorized for 
each preceding year, and an annual 
appropriation of $6,000,000 thereafter. 
As amended by the House, the bill would 
become effective beginning with the lis 
cal year 1930, with an initial appropria- 
tion of $500,000, to be increased annually 

for four years by a like amount each 
year, and would authorize annual appro- 
priations of $2,500,000 thereafter. The 
Senate has concurred in the House 
amendments, and the bill now goes to 
the President for approval. 

The Senate has passed two bills (S. 
5094 and S. 5093) relating to immigra- 
tion. The first makes it a felony for 
certain aliens to enter the United States 
under certain conditions in violation of 
law. Under this bill, any alien previ- 
ously deported who entered the United 
States in violation of law would be 
deemed guilty of a. felony punishable by 
a fine not to exceed $1,000, or by im- 
prisonment not to exceed two years, and 
would be deported after serving the sen- 
tence. The second bill provides for the 
issuance of certificates to aliens. Such 
certificates would be prima facie evi- 
dence that the aliens had been admitted 
into the country lawfully. 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
ject? and Dates for the Broadcast Week 
Beginning Monday, February 18. 

The department's noonday network pro- 
gram is broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m. 
eastern standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m. 
central standard time ; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m. 
mountain standard time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Company: KFKX. Chi- 
cago; KDKA, Pittsburgh: KSTP, St. 
Paul-Minneapolis ; WOW. Omaha; 
WDAF. Kansas City; KWK, St. Louis: 
KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI, San Antonio; 
WSM, Nashville; WSB, Atlanta: KOA, 
Denver: WMC, Memphis: WLW. Cincin- 
nati ; WRC, Washington : WFAA, Dal- 
las; WHAS, Louisville; and WHO, Des 

Monday, February 18 

The World Wheat Situation in Febru- 
ary. — E. J. Working, economist, division of 
statistical and historical research. Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. 

Know Your Insecticides and Fungi- 
cides. — W. S. Abbot, senior entomologist, 
Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration. 

Tuesday, February 19 

Seed Supplies and Prices This Spring. — 
G. C. Edler, senior marketing specialist, divi- 
sion of hay, feed, and seed. Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 

Livestock Improvement Goes Forward 
Throughout the World. — D. S. Burch, edi- 
tor of the Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Wednesday, February 20 

Poultry Farm Demonstrations and What 
They Mean. — R. L. Shrader, senior extension 
poultry husbandman. 

The Trend of Poultry Production. — Dr. 
S. A. Jones, senior statistician, division of 
crop and livestock estimates, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 

Thursday, February 21 

The Dairy Market Situation. — Roy C 
Potts, principal marketing specialist, in charge 
of the division of dairy and poultry products, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Twenty Years of Cow Testing. — ,T. B. 
Parker, associate dairy husbandman, division 
of dairy introduction. Bureau of Dairy In- 

Friday, February 22 

George Washington, Master Farmer. — 
I ir. O. C. Stine. principal agricultural econo- 
mist, in charge of the division of statistical 
and historical research, Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

Simplifying the Calendar. — Frof. C F. 
Marvin, Chief of the Weather Bureau. 


the Off 

United States 


of Agriculture 

Certificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, February 14, 1929 

No. 7 


Advocates Expansion of Research to 

Develop Resources Represented by 

Undomesticated Animals 

The reliance that was at first placed 
on agricultural crops and practices and 
on methods of livestock production pre- 
vailing in the countries from which the 
early emigrants came to America, was 
compared with present-day practices in 
wild-life conservation and production, by 
Paul G. Eedington, Chief of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey, in an address at 
Hartford, Conn., recently before a ses- 
sion of the Third New England Forestry 
Congress. Mr. Redington said: 

"A retrospective view of agricultural 
developments from the time of the early 
colonists and pioneer settlers impresses 
one with the fact that from the very first 
the chief reliance has been placed on 
agricultural crops and practices which 
were known in other countries and with 
which the people who settled this country 
and gave rise to its present population 
were familiar. Similarly, livestock pro- 
duction was at first based chiefly on im- 
ported domestic strains, and a vast 
amount of effort by trial and error had 
been expended to improve crops and stock 
and to adapt them to conditions here 
before trained scientific workers under- 
took to solve the problems with modern 
research methods. 

" On numerous game farms, fur farms, 
and wild-life refuges, and in public and 
private forests, there have been added 
to our program of production certain 
species of wild life native to this country. 
In our opinion this has not been done to 
the extent that is desirable and war- 
ranted. In fact, development of this 
field is urgently needed to round out the 
program of profitable utilization of our 
forest and other areas, especially those 
not primarily of an agricultural type. 
It is important that there be adequate 
support of research and experiment in 
this field to increase production and prof- 
its from land and water areas. 

"Practical forestry will more and 
more recognize the value of animal and 
bird life as national assets, and will con- 
sider the planting of trees and shrubs to 
provide food for wild life. Specialized 
lines of production should supplement 
current practices. This would add 
greatly to the recreational and monetary 
values of great areas of land by Increas- 
ing materially the food and fur supply 
and affording the spiritual uplift that 
comes from contacts with wild life in the 
(Continued on page 8) 
34407°— 29 

■ ii inniii 1 1 iiiimnnfflwiinii 


From left to right — The Hon. Charles L. 
McNary, of Oregon, chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Agriculture and Forestry of the 
Senate ; Secretary W. M. Jardine of the De- 
partment of Agriculture ; and the Hon. Gil- 
bert N. Haugen, chairman of the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representa- 
tives. Picture was taken in the studio of 
radio station WRC, Washington, D. C, Jan- 
uary 28, just before the nation-wide radio 
broadcast of the Annual Agricultural Out- 
look Report. The three leaders, by way of 
introduction for the Outlook Report itself, 
emphasized the importance of the application 
of the outlook information in the adjustment 
of the Nation's agricultural production to 
market demand, at home and abroad. The 
press and the radio, on January 28, gave the 
1929 Outlook Report far more publicity than 
has ever before been given to agricultural 
information in one day's time. 


Englund Believes Whole Taxing System 

Should Be Reexamined with 

View to Redistribution 

Declaring for more equity in the dis- 
tribution of the tax burden as between 
farmers and city people, Eric Englund, 
in charge of the division of agricultural 
finance, Bureau of Agricultural Econom- 
ics, said in an address at Ohio State 
University, Columbus, recently, that 
farmers are obliged to pay part of the 
taxes that are levied upon others but are 
unable to shift to others the taxes which 
they pay upon farm property. He said : 

" Taxes levied on buildings and other 
urban improvements are, in large de- 
(Continued on page S) 


Challenges Right of Department to Make 

Multiple Seizures Under the 

Food and Drugs Act 

Suit has been filed in the Supreme 
Court of the District of Columbia by the 
National Remedy Co., of Boston, Mass., 
against Secretary Jardine, W. G. Camp- 
bell, director of regulatory work, and 
Dr. J. J. Durrett, chief of drug control, 
Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administra- 
tion, for an injunction to restrain them 
from making " multiple seizures " of the 
company's goods, which the department 
contends have been sold in violation of 
the food and drugs act. 

This action involves the right of the 
department to cause seizures to be made 
wherever articles believed to be adulter- 
ated or misbranded may be found. Ac- 
tion identical with that taken against 
the complainant company's goods is a 
common procedure in the enforcement 
of the food and drags act. 

The company says in its bill of com- 
plaint that it does not wish to preclude 
the department from testing in one 
court the company's right to manufac- 
ture and sell its product. This product 
is a proprietary medicine, the label on 
which reads as follows : " The Penetrat- 
ing Germicide, B & M External Remedy, 
an effective liniment for the treatment of 
rheumatism, lumbago, neuritis, neuralgia, 
most muscular strains, bites of poisonous 
insects; destroys tubercular bacilli in 
lungs, glands, tissues, or bowels ; arrests 
the action of pneumonia or influenza 
germs in a few hours ; affords immediate 
relief and speedy recovery in rheumatic 
fever." A booklet accompanying the 
product carries statements leading the 
reader to infer that the article is of use 
in cases of cancer and liver disease. 

The Eood, Drug, and Insecticide Ad- 
ministration, holding that the article in 
question was of no use whatever in any 
of the conditions described, set in motion 
machinery provided in the food and 
drugs act for the removal of the article 
from the channels of interstate com- 

In 1919 a product alleged to be sub- 
stantially identical with that involved in 
the present suit was libeled under sec- 
tion 10 of the food and drugs act, in the 
United States district court for the dis- 
trict of New Hampshire, on the charge 
that it was fraudulent or misbranded. 
Trial of this case by a jury resulted in a 
verdict in favor of the National Remedy 
Co. Nevertheless, the Government did 
(Continued on page S) 



Another House Measure Aims to Sup- 
press Fraud and Unfairness in 
Marketing of Perishables 

The United States warehouse act 
would be amended by a bill (H. R. 
16720) which has been reported out in 
the House by the Committee on Agri- 
culture. Among other things, the bill 
would make certain features of the act 
independent of State legislation. As it 
now reads the act can be qualified by 
State legislation, and certain conflicts 
exist between State laws and the Fed- 
eral act. Under section 29 of the act as 
it now reads, if the Federal act conflicts 
in any way with the State law, the 
Federal law becomes subservient to the 
State law as far as the conflict is con- 
cerned. This situation would be changed 
by the the new bill. Also, the bill would 
eliminate that part of section 6 of the 
act which requires that the licensed 
warehouseman's bond shall cover obli- 
gations of the warehouseman under 
State laws. Sometimes a warehouse- 
man operates more than one warehouse. 
If he wants to license one of them under 
the Federal law, the bond he files covers 
not only his obligations under the Fed- 
eral law but also his obligations under 
State laws. As the Federal Government 
has no jurisdiction over nonlicensed 
houses, and no authority to enforce 
State laws, the bill would change this 

Representative Summers, of Washing- 
ton, has introduced a bill (H. R. 16796) 
to suppress unfair and fraudulent prac- 
tices in the marketing of perishable agri- 
cultural commodities in interstate and 
foreign commerce. The bill would set 
up regulations regarding dumping, re- 
jections, and returns concerning com- 
modities handled by commission mer- 
chants, dealers, and brokers. It would 
provide for licensing such agencies, and 
would give the Secretary of Agriculture 
authority to investigate complaints and 
power to suspend licenses. 

Producers and others would have avail- 
able the services of official laboratories 
for the determination of the protein con- 
tent of wheat under a bill (S. 5632) in- 
troduced by Senator Walsh, of Montana. 
The bill would authorize the Secretary 
of Agriculture to establish, maintain, and 
operate protein testing laboratories in 
cooperation with any State agricultural 
college which met certain conditions. In 
addition, the bill would authorize the 
Secretary to have tests made on the pro- 
tein content of wheat in any year prior 
to or during the harvesting and market- 
ing period. On the basis of such tests 
the Secretary would be authorized to 
compile and disseminate estimates as to 
the probable amount of protein in the 
wheat in any given area. Another func- 
tion of the Secretary under the bill would 
be the collection and dissemination of in- 
formation about protein in wheat as a 
merchandising factor. 

The Senate has passed a bill (S. 4818) 
for the relief of hay growers in Brazoria, 
Galveston, and Harris Counties, Tex, 

This bill would authorize the Comptroller 
General to examine and settle, on the 
basis of facts and figures to be found 
and reported by the Secretary of Agri- 
culture, the claims of hay growers in the 
counties mentioned who were prevented 
from harvesting hay in 1925 on account 
of quarantine against foot-and-mouth dis- 
ease. The bill would appropriate 

The Senate has received a concurrent 
resolution from the Iowa legislature, pe- 
titioning for an amendment to the tariff 
schedule affecting the duty on molasses 
imported for the manufacture of indus- 
trial alcohol, so as to promote the use 
of corn for that purpose. The Minne- 
sota Legislature has petitioned Congress 
for the early readjustment of tariff sched- 
ules affecting agricultural commodities. 

Other bills introduced are: 

S. J. Res. 397. Driver (Arkansas) : Inter- 
preting the Mississippi River flood control 
act of 1928. 

S. 5623. Dale (Vermont) : Amending the 
civU-service retirement act. 

S. 5624. McNary (Oregon): Granting cer- 
tain reserved lands in the national forests to 
the State of Oregon for public buildings. 

S. Res. 319. McKellar (Tennessee) : Direct- 
ing the Committee on Commerce to investi- 
gate pending bids for the purchase of Govern- 
ment-owned steamships. 

S. 5691. Jones (Washington): To establish 
revolving funds for loans by Federal land 
banks to cooperative associations for the pro- 
duction of mineral fertilizers. 


H. R. 16820. Newton (Minnesota): Regulat- 
ing hours of labor of certain watchmen, 
building guards, firemen, and engineers in 
the custodial service. The persons affected by 
the bill would not be required to do more than 
eight hours of labor in any one day or more 
than six days in any one week, except in 

H. J. Res. 396. Denison (Illinois) : Authoriz- 
ing an investigation and survey with a view to 
projecting a canal across Nicaragua. 

H. R. 16880. Free (California) : Granting 
preferences within the quota to certain aliens 
skilled in particular occupations. 

H. R. 16775. Zihlman (Maryland) : To estab- 
lish a game and bird sanctuary of the Poto- 
mac River and the District of Columbia. 

H. Res. 308. Haugen (Iowa) : Requiring con- 
sideration of a resolution (S. J. Res. 182) 
for the relief of farmers in the storm and 
flood-stricken areas of the Southeastern 


An exhibit on phases of the work of 
the Bureau of Biological Survey was 
displayed at the New England Sports- 
men's Show at Boston, Mass., January 
16~26. This consisted of an information 
booth, where literature bearing on the 
entire exhibit was given to interested 
visitors ; a booth containing hutches of 
live rabbits and showing how rabbit 
skins can be furnished in various colors ; 
a beaver house and pond with two live 
beavers and a showing of possible tan- 
nings of a large beaver skin, and the 
method of trapping beavers alive ; and a 
conservation exhibit with paintings of 
wild life and hunting scenes, intended 
to bring out the recreational and conser- 
vational phases of the work. Mounted 
specimens of game birds also figured in 
this last part of the display. Lisle Mor- 
rison, who has charge of exhibits of the 
bureau and who was in charge of the ex- 
hibit at Boston, reports that large 
crowds were attracted to the booths and 
that there was much interest in the lines 
of work touched upon by the exhibit and 
a large demand for publications on. the 
subjects exhibited. 

Number of Associations Operating 

Finance Subsidiaries to Provide 

Credit for Production 

In the Southern States there has been 
vast improvement in the organization 
and operation of cooperative marketing 
associations, as compared with the ear- 
lier attempts at group action in market- 
ing crops, said J. E. Wells, jr., an econo- 
mist of the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics, in addressing a meeting of the 
Southern Agricultural Workers at Hous- 
ton, Tex., recently. 

" The need for permanent farmer or- 
ganizations with flexible set-ups is be- 
coming more widely appreciated,'* said 
Mr. Wells. " Southern growers and 
farm leaders have become more discrim- 
inating and are insisting upon getting 
helpful services from the marketing as- 
sociations and from State and Govern- 
ment educational agencies. 

" Both short-term operating and 
longer-time storage credit have become 
more readily available for present asso- 
ciations. The development of the use 
of acceptances by the Federal reserve 
banks and member banks, and of mark- 
eting credit through original advances 
to cooperatives by the Federal inter- 
mediate credit banks, has been of the 
utmost assistance to southern marketing 

Mr. Wells reported a steady increase 
in the proportion of direct-to-mill sales 
of cotton by the cotton cooperatives. He 
said that a recent survey showed that 
in the case of one association direct-to- 
mill sales increased from 53 per cent of 
total sales made in 1921-22 to 92 per 
cent of the total made in 1924-25. The 
association sells on buyers' call when 
necessary, as contrasted with earlier ef- 
forts to dispose of practically all cotton 
on sellers' call, and the futures market 
is used, and subsidiary sales corporations 
have been formed to handle these trans- 
actions, he said. 

"All the cotton associations," he said, 
" have made important progress in under- 
standing better the growers' problems 
and service requirements. Several of the 
associations are successfully operating 
finance subsidiaries to provide growers 
with production credit. Supply corpora- 
tions have been formed for supplying pro- 
ducers with seed, fertilizers, and other 
commodities. Group life insurance is 
also being provided by one association 
with apparent appreciation on the part 
of members. 

" The inclusion of optional price fixa- 
tion pools in addition to the seasonal 
pools, and an annual withdrawal priv- 
ilege, have been outstanding steps to- 
ward making the associations more flex- 
ible. These changes have boon made to 
meet growers' economic conditions as they 
actually exist, in contrast with some of 
the original inflexible provisions which 
were included to match situations as one 
might like them to be. A large percent- 
age of the cotton received last year by 
all associations has been placed in short- 
time rather than seasonal pools," 



Legitimate Dealing in Futures Coming to 

Be Regarded as Necessary Part 

of Marketing System 

Predictions that Government regula- 
tion of boards of trade and grain ex- 
changes would decrease the volume of 
trade in grain futures have not been 
borne out, said J. M. Mehl, grain-ex- 
change supervisor of the Grain Futures 
Administration stationed at Chicago, in 
addressing the Iowa Farmers' Grain 
Dealers' Association in twenty-fifth an- 
nual convention at Fort Dodge in Janu- 
ary. Mr. Mehl gave figures on the an- 
nual volume of sales in all wheat futures 
on the four principal markets — Chicago, 
Minneapolis, Kansas City, and Duluth — 
in the period 1923-192S, and said: 

"'In 1923 the total was about 9,500,- 
000,000 bushels; in 1924 it was 11,000- 
000,000 bushels; in 1925 it was 20,000,- 
000,000 bushels; in 1926, 15,000,000,000 
bushels; in 1927, more than 10,000,- 
000,000 bushels ; and in 1928, more than 
10,500,000,000 bushels. The grain fu- 
tures act became law in 1922, and it was 
declared constitutional by the United 
States Supreme Court April 16, 1923. 
The fears of the opponents of the legis- 
lation, as to the probable effect of it 
upon trading in futures, were unfounded. 
" Regulations requiring reports to be 
made to the Government under the grain 
futures act first became effective July 
9, 1923. That year, during half of 
which the regulations were in force, 
showed the smallest annual total of trad- 
ing in wheat futures for the period 1923 
to 1928 inclusive. The year 1927 showed 
the next smallest total. It is interest- 
ing to note that during eight months of 
1927 the reporting requirements, in so 
far as they cover the operations of large 
traders, were suspended. In 1928 the 
regulations were reinstated. No one will 
claim that this action accounts for the 
increase in the volume of futures trad- 
ing in 1928. But the facts suggest the 
desirability of more careful statements 
on the part of those who would have it 
thought that the grain futures act has 
annihilated speculative trading in grain 
futures. In the case of corn futures on 
the Chicago and the Kansas City boards 
of trade, the combined total for 1928 ex- 
ceeded 6.500,000,000 bushels, a larger 
volume than for any preceding year back 
to and including 1921. 

" The records for years prior to 1921 
are not available. Grain speculation as 
a whole attained its record volume in 
1925. Yet the volume of trading in corn 
Was larger in 1928 than in 1925. There is 
still a little business done in grain fu- 
tures despite so-called Government re- 
striction. If anyone says the act has 
driven from the market a few large spec- 
ulators whose operations were neces- 
sarily such that they could not bear in- 
vestigation, our answer is that this is 
exactly what the law was intended to ac- 
complish and what every decent interest 
wishes to see accomplished. 

" The truth is that the futures market 
has become firmly established as an in- 
tegral part of our grain-marketing sys- 

tem. It may be used, for gambling as 
well as for legitimate trading. There is 
hardly anything that can not be put to 
improper use. It is coming to be widely 
understood, however, that legitimate 
dealing in grain .futures is a desirable 
and necessary part of the present system 
of grain marketing." 



(Continued from page 1) 

gree, shifted to those who rent the 
houses or patronize the business estab- 
lishments. Farmers and others, there- 
fore, pay a part of these taxes in the 
form of higher prices for goods and serv- 
ices." He warned against overstating 
the extent to which taxes are shifted to 
the farmer. " Taxes on railroad prop- 
erties are shifted to the public at large, 
including farmers. In rate making, these 
taxes are taken into account as a part 
of the operating expense, and therefore 
become a part of the margin between 
the producer and the consumer of goods 
hauled by the railroads. 

" This would- not be so serious from 
the farmer's standpoint if the farmer 
could add his taxes to the price of his 
products. But prices of farm products 
are determined by national and interna- 
tional conditions of competition and de- 
mand, while the taxes levied upon the 
farmer's property are mainly local and 
probably do not affect the market for 
his products. Moreover, it is common 
knowledge that vast amounts of legally 
taxable property escape taxation. Farm 
property, consisting mainly of real estate 
and tangible personalty, seldom escapes. 
The general property tax, therefore, falls 
most heavily on property which can not 
be hidden from the assessor. 

"In view of altered economic condi- 
tions and increased expenditures for 
public services and improvements, it 
would be well to re-examine carefully 
the prevailing system of State and local 
taxation from the standpoint of equitable 
distribution of taxes. Rural schools af- 
ford an example of this problem. These 
schools are not as local in character as 
is commonly supposed. By reason of the 
migration of young people from farms to 
cities, and of the movement of population 
from one section of the country to an- 
other, every child in a rural school is a 
potential citizen of some urban commu- 
nity or of some other State. 

" Not only does much of the legally 
taxable property escape, but there is an 
increasing amount of income derived 
from services which makes compara- 
tively little direct contribution to the 
support of State and local government. 
This suggests the advisability of con- 
sidering means other than the general 
property tax for raising a part of the 
necessary revenue. New taxes proposed 
to supplement present revenues of State 
and local government should be consid- 
ered in their relation to national taxes, 
in order to avoid creating new and ser- 
ious inequalities in attempting to remedy 
old ones." 

Sheets Says Livestock Research 
Requires Animals of Same Blood 

" How foolish is man to destroy the 
forests, for thereby he deprives himself 
of both wood and water." — Humboldt. 

The importance of breeding animals 
for uniformity for experimental work 
was advanced by E. W. Sheets, chief of 
the animal husbandry division of the 
Bureau of Animal industry, in an address 
before the American Society of Animal 
Production at its meeting in Chicago 

Mr. Sheets said that the importance of 
having uniform animals for certain ex- 
perimental work has been brought out 
in the extensive and complex cooperative 
studies being made of the factors which 
influence the quality and palatibility of 
meat. He said that although in these 
studies the factors of feeding and envi- 
ronment can be controlled, the factor of 
of breeding, as an influence on the 
quality of meat, has proved to be so 
variable as to require that large num- 
bers of animals be used in the experi- 
ments. He said that small differences in 
the amount of connective tissue or marb- 
ling make wide variations in the tender- 
ness or juiciness of a piece of meat, yet 
the small differences may be well defined 
characteristics in animals of certain 
lines of breeding. " Family character- 
istics have been found to be responsible 
for great variations in quality and 
palatability in such products as wheat, 
corn, and pineapple, and the same is 
likely to be true of cattle, sheep, and 
hogs," he said. 

" We have reached a point where it 
is not sufficient to compare one Short- 
horn steer with another," he said. " We 
must compare steers of known blood 
lines, steers which are homozygous to 
the extent that if we find a peculiar 
muscle structure or cell formation, or 
area of connective tissue or marbling of 
fat in one animal, we may count on 
those same characteristics being present 
in the second animal, before the dif- 
ferences in feed or environment which 
we are studying begin to make them- 
selves felt. I know no other way for us 
to obtain dependable results. To have 
uniform animals it will be necessary for 
us to develop pure strains of livestock 
such as those that have been bred with 
success in the case of the small labora- 
tory animals. Once these pure strains 
are developed, I believe we will find that 
many of our lines of research are simpli- 
fied. Great numbers of animals in each 
lot will no longer be necessary to accu- 
racy. Frequent repetitions will be need- 
less and we can rely upon the 

In Europe, the lard exports of the 
United States are 1 in competition with 
cottonseed oil and other vegetable fats. 
This indicates the importance of the 
world trade in edible fats and oils to the 
swine industry of the United States. In 
this country, the domestic, butter is in 
competition with oleomargarine, which 
utilizes the vegetable oils. Our supply 
of lard is basically dependent upon the 
corn crop, whereas the supply of cotton- 
seed oil is dependent upon the cotton crop. 
Thus, two important American crops are 
the sources of competing commodities in 
the edible fats and oils trade. 




Uotth) States 


'of Agriculture 

Issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 


Washington, D. C. 

The Official Recobd is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the bureau or office 
officially concerned with the subject matter. 

Copy must be received before Wednesday 
noon in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Becoed is at 
215 Thirteenth Street SW.. in the Press 
Service. Telephone : Main 4650, branch 242. 



Each year the Press Service, Office of 
Information, issues in printed form an 
index of The Official Eecord. This in- 
dex should be useful in many of the 
cases where complete files are kept by 
volumes. The copy for the index of 
Volume 7, the year 1928, is about to be 
sent to the printer. The size of the print 
order will be based upon the advance de- 
mand. If copies of the index are wanted, 
please make request as soon as possible. 


The index of the general level of farm 
prices declined from 134 to 133 per cent 
of the pre-war level in the period from 
December 15 to January 15, says the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economies. In 
the period there were slight advances in 
the farm prices of most crops, all meat 
animals, wool, mules, and chickens, and 
slight declines in the fann prices of cot- 
ton, horses, and milk cows, and slight 
seasonal declines in the prices of dairy 
products, and an abrupt seasonal drop in 
the fann price of eggs. 


Seizure of 930- blocks, or 46,500 
pounds, of a so-called livestock tonic 
manufactured by a veterinary products 
company in Sioux City, Iowa, was ac- 
complished by the Chicago station of the 
Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administra- 
tion recently. Inspector A. F. Briscoe of 
the Montana State Board of Health col- 
lected the sample. F. C. Synkovich, an- 
alyst of the Chicago Federal station, 
who examined the sample, found the 
product to consist chiefly of sodium 
chloride, small quantities of calcium car- 
bonate, iron oxide, and sulphur. The 
container labels were grossly misleading, 
making claims that the article cured or 
prevented worms, contagious abortion, 
bloating, necrotic enteritis, and corn- 
stalk disease in livestock. Four ship- 

ments of this product to South Dakota 
were seized by the Minneapolis station 
of the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Ad- 
ministration. Samples from these ship- 
ments were collected by Julius Giraud, a 
State inspector, at the request of the 
Minneapolis station. 


" Highway Construction Administra- 
tion and Finance "as the title of a pam- 
phlet just off the press, containing a 
series of articles written by E. W. James, 
chief of the division of design, Bureau of 
Public Roads. The articles first appeared 
in Spanish in the engineering journal 
Ingenieria International. With per- 
mission of the publishers the articles 
have been reprinted by the Highway Edu- 
cation Board, Willard Building, Wash- 
ington, D. C. The board is a group of 
Government and industrial representa- 
tives interested in highway development. 
Thomas H. MacDonald, chief of the Bu- 
reau of Public Roads, is chairman of the 
board. In the articles, Mr. James dis- 
cusses the principles and practices of 
modern highway development, with em- 
phasis on the fundamentally important 
matter of planning the highway system. 
He has also given particular attention to 
the stage, or progressive, method of build- 
ing, which is, says Mr. MacDonald in an 
introduction, " the only way possible to 
give service within any reasonable period 
to a State or a nation which yet has 
most of its pioneer roads to improve." 
The articles (8) have the following 
titles : Planning a National Highway Sys- 
tem, Earth-Road Design and Construc- 
tion, Gravel and Other Light Road Sur- 
faces, Water-bound Macadam and Broken- 
stone Roads, Bituminous Surfaces of 
Moderate Cost, Higher Type Pavements, 
Cost Reports for Field Engineering, Fi- 
nancing a National Highway System. The 
pamphlet is profusely illustrated with 
pictures of finished highways and high- 
ways under construction, cross-section de- 
signs are shown, and tables are given. 
The pamphlet is not a Bureau of Roads 


Foot-and-mouth disease, which broke 
out January 18 in a large herd of hogs 
near Whittier, Los Angeles County, Calif., 
and apparently was suppressed by imme- 
diate slaughter and burial of the entire 
herd, appeared later in the month among 
cattle near Downey, Los Angeles County, 
about 8 miles from the scene of the 
disease at Whittier. At Downey the vet- 
erinary officials in charge of the control 
work resorted to the customary measures 
of slaughter and burial. The officials are 
optimistic, but they are fully alive to the 
dangers of the disease and have all herds 
in the area under close observation. The 
movement of motor trucks used in the 
area in the transport of livestock, is un- 
der supervision. These vehicles are sys- 
tematically cleaned and disinfected. The 
union stockyards of Los Angeles are 
under special inspection, and commission 
men there voluntarily agreed to make 
no shipments of feeder stock from the 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for Broadcast During the 
Period February 25— March 1 

The noonday network radio program 
of the Department of Agriculture is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m., eastern 
standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m., cen- 
tral standard time; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m., 
mountain time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Co. : KDKA. Pittsburgh ; 
WLW, Cincinnati; WHAS, Louisville; 
KFKX, Chicago ; KSTP, St. Paul-Minne- 
apolis; WHO, Des Moines; WOW, 
Omaha; WDAF, Kansas City; KVOO, 
Tulsa; WFAA, Dallas; WOAI, San An- 
tonio; WSB, Atlanta; WSM. Nashville; 
WMC, Memphis; WRC, Washington; 
KOA, Denver; KWK, St. Louis. 

Monday, February 25 

C.*n I Improve My System of Farming? — 
M. R. Cooper, senior economist, division of 
farm management and costs, Buroau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 

Tuesday, February 25 

Dovetailing Crops_ from the Labor 
Standpoint. — A. D. McNair, assistant econo- 
mist, division of farm management and costs. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Keeping Up With the Joneses — A Talk 
on Tillage. — L. B. Olmstead, associate physi- 
cist, division of soil investigations, Bureau of 
Chemistry and Soils. 

Wednesday, February 27 

Assessed Valuation and Farmers' Tax 
Bills. — Dr. Whitney Coombs, senior econo- 
mist, division of agricultural finance, Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics. 

Domestic versus Imported Red Cloves 
Seed. — Dr. E. A. Hollowell, assistant agron- 
omist, division of forage crops, Bureau of 
Plant Industry. 

Thursday, February 28 

Prospects in the Lamb Market. — C. E. 
Gibbons, senior marketing specialist, division 
of livestock, meats, and wool, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 

Modern Methods of Raising Lambs. — 
D. A. Spencer, senior animal husbandman, ani- 
mal husbandry division, Bureau of Animal 

Friday, March 1 

The Egg Market Sittatiox. — C. E. Eckles. 
associate marketing specialist, division of 
dairy and poultry products, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 

Producing High Quality Eggs for Mar- 
ket. — Dr. M. A. .lull, senior poultry husband- 
man, animal husbandry division, Bureau of 
Animal Industry. 



D. W. McLaren, who holds a B. S. and 
M. S. in chemistry from the University of 
Nebraska, formerly employed by the Cudahy 
Packing Co. on analytical work, has been 
appointed an assistant chemist at the Phila- 
delphia station. 

Harry Rogavitz, B. S. in chemistry, Cornell 
University. IOL'8, has been appointed as a 
junior chemist at the New York City station. 

S. Parnas. graduate in chemical engineer- 
ing, Washington University, St. Louis. 1919, 
has been appointed as a junior chemist at 
the New York City station. 



SENIOR TOXICOLOGIST. — Applications must be 
on file with the Civil Service Commission at 
Washington, D. C., not later than March. 13. 
The examination is to fill a vacancy in the 
Bureau of Chemistry and Soils and vacancies 
occurring in positions requiring similar quali- 
fications, for duty in Washington, D. C, or 
in the field. The entrance salaries range from 
$4,600 to $5,200 a year ; higher salaried posi- 
tions are filled through promotion. The du- 
ties are to plan and carry out difficult in- 
vestigations on the toxicology of metals and 
other products in foods. This will involve a 
study of influence on kidney function, growth, 
production, composition of blood stream, di- 
gestibility, relation to physiological function, 
and such other methods as will tend to show 
any difference in the action or utilization of 
foods when containing such products ; the 
oral and written presentation of the results 
of these researches before interested groups, 
and the establishment of contacts with pro- 
fessional workers in this field. Competitors 
will not be required to report for examination 
at any place, but will be rated on education, 
training, experience, and a thesis or publica- 

MIST. — Applications must be on file with the 
Civil Service Commission at Washington, D. 
C, not later than March 13. The examina- 
tions are to fill vacancies in the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, for duty in Wash- 
ington, D. C, or in the field. The entrance 
salaries range from $4,600 to $5,200 a year 
for the senior grade; $3,800 to $4,400 for 
agricultural economist ; $3,200 to $3,700 for 
the associate grade ; and $2,600 to $3,100 for 
the assistant grade. Higher salaried positions 
are filled through promotion. Competitors 
will not be required to report for examination 
at any place, but will be rated on education 
and experience, and a publication, thesis, or 
discussion to be filed. The optional subjects 
are: (1) Cooperative marketing, (2) crop and 
livestock forecasting, (3) farm finance, (4) 
farm management, (5) farm population and 
rural life, (6) foreign competition and de- 
mand, (7) land economics, (8) statistical re- 
search. (9) transportation, (10) marketing. 

JUNIOR ENTOMOLOGIST. — Applications must be 
on file with the Civil Service Commission 
at Washington, D. C, not later than March 
26. The examination is to fill vacancies in 
the Bureau of Entomology and Federal Horti- 
cultural Board, for duty in Washington, D. C. 
or in the field. The entrance salary is $2,000 : 
higher salaried positions are filled through 
promotion. The optional subjects are : Insect 
habits and development, insecticides and 
physiology, plant quarantine inspection, and 
cultural control. Competitors will be rated 
on practical questions on the optional subject 
chosen and a thesis submitted on the day of 
the examination. 

IES). — Applications must be on file with 
the Civil Service Commission at Washington, 
D. C, not later than March 26. The examina- 
tion is to fill a vacancy in the Division of Tex- 
tiles and Clothing, Bureau of Home Economics, 
Washington, D. C., and vacancies occurring in 
positions requiring similar qualifications. The 
entrance salary is $2,000 : higher salaried po- 
sitions are filled through promotion. The 
duties are to assist in setting up specifica- 
tions for the construction of cotton and wool 
fabrics to be used for clothing and household 
purposes, in producing these fabrics in an 
experimental mill, and in making routine 
physical analyses. The appointee must also 
assist in preparing manuscripts reporting the 
results of this work. Competitors will be 
rated on practical questions on the duties of 
the position and a thesis to be submitted on 
the day of the examination. 

Full information may be obtained from the 
United States Civil Service Commission, Wash- 
ington, D. C, or from the secretary of the 
United States Civil Service Board of Exami- 
ners at the post office or customhouse in any 

The Official Record has a column which 
runs under the head " New Ideas and Dis- 
coveries." The purpose of this column is to 
give publication to the new things in science, 
administration, and invention which are con- 
ceived, developed, or found by the people of 
the department. The co'umn is open to the 
entire staff of the department for contribution 
to it. 


One Pennsylvanian, After Testing His Market Possibilities, Has Found the Enterprise So 
Successful That He Has Largely Abandoned His Dairying for It 

Raising Christmas trees has turned out 
to be more profitable than dairying for 
a landowner at Pocono Lake, Pa., accord- 
ing to information received by the For- 
est Service. Since beginning to raise 
the trees on a large scale, this man has 
reduced his 35-head dairy to 7 and had 
expressed his intention to go into the 
winter with only 4 head. A fair share 
of the trees produced on the 2,400 acres 
that he devotes to the purpose have come 
from a native red spruce swamp, but 
the majority have been planted in the 
fields. Most of the fields are covered 
with sod. The sod has not interfered 
with the growth of the evergreens; con- 
sequently cultivation has not been neces- 
sary. As many as 5, 7, 9, and 12 Christ- 
mas trees have been taken from a single 

A landowner near Reading Pa., says 
the Forest Service, has successfully 
raised Christmas trees on 1,000 acres of 
rough, stony ground where hardwood re- 
produces rather rapidly. Here it is nec- 
essary, after setting out the young trees, 

to go through the area once or twice 
during the first three seasons of the 
trees' growth in the field and cut the 
young oak, maple, beech, and birch re- 
production that is inclined to take pos- 
session of the ground before the young 
evergreens become established. 

The owner of an 80-acre farm of high- 
priced land near Lionville, Pa., has had 
his land in no other crop than Christmas 
trees for the last 20 years. 

L. H. Buzzell, of Elkins, W. Va., after 
visiting these three plantations, last sum- 
mer determined to make Christmas-tree 
growing the sole activity on his farm, 
an extension forester reports. In the 
last two years Mr. Buzzell had already 
planted 60,000 Norway spruce and Nor- 
way pine. 

The Forest Service says, however, that 
Christmas-tree growing as a business 
should not be gone into without thorough 
investigation of market possibilities and 
markets, competition from natural pro- 
ducing areas, and other factors. 


The following letter has been received 
by Secretary Jardine from Admiral H. 
H. Rousseau of the Bureau of the Bud- 
get, Chief Coordinator of the Federal 

The accomplishments of the Federal busi- 
ness associations of Buffalo, N. Y., and Porto 
Rico during the past year have impressed 
upon me in the most favorable manner the 
value of the services rendered by Mr. W. B. 
Combs, district grain supervisor, who is presi- 
dent of the association at Buffalo, and Mr. 
Henry C. Hendricksen, in charge of the agri- 
cultural experiment station at San Juan, who 
is president of the association of Porto Rico. 

These associations are fortunate in having 
the assistance of Federal officials of this high 
type, and it is due to the energetic direction 
of their affairs that these associations are in 
their present flourishing and effective condi- 

I wish to express to you, and, through you, 
to Messrs. Combs and Hendricksen, my ap- 
preciation of their interest in and support 
of the Federal service of coordination. The 
fact that we have grown accustomed to ex- 
pecting cooperation of this kind from the De- 
partment of Agriculture does not lessen my 


During a recent conference of western 
livestock specialists at the United States 
Range Livestock Experiment Station, 
Miles City, Mont., opportunity was af- 
forded to measure the results of the meth- 
ods of freeing range lands of rodents 
that are recommended by the Bureau 
of Biological Survey. Three years ago 
some 4.300 acres of the range was badly 
infested with prairie dogs and pocket 
gophers. It was estimated at that time 
that more than 2,000 acres of it was 
totally ruined for grazing by either cattle 
or sheep. Those in charge shipped in 
some oats, poisoned it, and distributed it 
over this section of the range. To-day 
there is an abundance of. range grasses, 
with scarcely any evidence of presence of 

the rodents. The forester for that dis- 
trict estimated that the vegetation to-day 
is nine or ten times more valuable over 
the entire region than before the eradica- 
tion campaign began. 


A cow-and-cotton combination of farm- 
ing established last spring has given H. 
L. Pender, of Red River County, Tex., a 
feeling of prosperity never before enjoyed 
by him in years of straight cotton farm- 
ing on his 75-acre farm, he reports to the 
department in Washington. The cattle- 
fever tick was the bugaboo that kept Mr. 
Pender from success with cows for many 
years. Early attempts to supplement his 
cotton farming by raising a few cows 
were unsuccessful ; and with no cattle he 
was forced to borrow money each fall to 
pay his debts and to make his cotton 
crop. Then he made his pasture tick 
free and tried again, but a stray tick- 
infested animal got into his pasture and 
in a short time his herd died. He quit 
raising cattle. When tick-eradication 
work started in Red River County some 
time ago, under the direction of the 
United States Department of Agriculture, 
a banker offered to lend him money to 
buy four milk cows and a cream separa- 
tor. He sold his cream at a community 
store and soon had enough cash to buy 
some pigs and chickens to consume the 
skim milk. All through the year the 
cream brought him from $5.50 to $7.50 
cash per week, enough to enable him to 
make his 1928 crop without borrowing 
money. Mr. Pender says that with the 
aid of the income returned directly and 
indirectly by his four cows he has paid 
all his debts, has sufficient cash to join 
a purebred bull association, and can make 
his crops in 1929 without borrowing any 
money for that purpose. 




1927. Bv H. W. Alberts. 40 p., 19 figs. 
December 1928. 

At Sitka, where climatic conditions are typi- 
cal of those prevailing in southeastern Alaska, 
the work was limited principally to horticul- 
ture. At Kodiak, Galloway cattle were again 
hred for distribution, for crossing with the 
Asiatic yak at Fairbanks and with the Hol- 
stein-Fri'esian breed at Matanuska. At Kodiak 
the animals are maintained on locally produced 
forage and feed. At Matanuska, which is in 
a region well adapted to mixed farming, a 
large number of varieties of grain crops were 
tested. The value of rotating crops is shown 
by the larger yields in both a 5-year and a 
2-vear rotation. Results are given of tests 
with legumes, artichokes, root crops, grasses, 
potatoes, fruits, and flowers. The report gives 
an account of work with bees, and with live- 
stock, including cattle and sheep. In feeding 
tests with three breeds of cattle at the Mata- 
nuska station, the Galloway-Holstein hybrids 
have been better able than either the Short- 
horns or the Holsteins to maintain themselves 
on the native grasses and a limited supple- 
mentary ration. At Fairbanks, where the 
daylight period is slightly longer than at Mat- 
anuska, experiments were made with grains, 
silage crops, potatoes, small fruits, and flow- 
ers. _ In the work of crossbreeding cattle-yak 
two hybrids were dropped, the number at the 
station now totaling eight. Data on temper- 
ature, precipitation, and cloudiness are sum- 
marized for 45 localities for each month of 
the calendar year 1927. 

ALASKA. (Miscellaneous Publication 41-M.) By 
B. F. Heintzleman, assistant district for- 
ester, Alaska district. Forest Service. P. 
35 figs. December 1928. 
With the vast forests of pulpwood that are 
under Government management in the Ton- 
gass National Forest, southeastern Alaska has 
possibilities of becoming a great permanent 
paper-making region. Abundant water-power 
resources, tidewater transportation, and a 
climate suitable for year-long plant operation 
are great advantages of the region. In the 
sale of national-forest timber, the policy of 
the Forest Service is to hold the cutting each 
year to the amount that is replaced by tree 
growth. Thus timber supplies should never 
run out, and overdevelopment and subsequent 
collapse through timber exhaustion should be 
prevented. Under forestry management, it 
is estimated that southeastern Alaska s for- 
ests can produce 1,500.000 cords of pulp- 
wood, enough for 1.000.000 tons of news- 
print annually in perpetuity. This is more 
than one-fourth the present yearly consump- 
tion of newsprint in the United States. This 
bulletin describes the pulp-timber resources of 
the region. Geographical and climatic fea- 
tures and the local administrative policies of 
the Forest Service are discussed also. 

PERIMENT STATION, 1927. By D. W. May. 
P. 31, figs. 6, January 1929. 
Briefly records the progress of research 
along general and specific lines at the station 
during the fiscal year. Gives suggestions re- 
garding the restoration of depleted areas, and 
advocates the more general planting ot 
Aleurites spp. on such areas for the produc- 
tion of oil for use in the paint and varnish 
industry; gives hints on the culture of the 
banana, and points to an apparent relation- 
ship between the kind of fertilizer applied to 
the crop and the freedom of the crop from 
disease ; reports that the local sugar industry 
is receiving aid through the development of 
cane seedlings of high sucrose content and 
resistance to the mosaic disease, ana that the 
local livestock industry is rapidly improving 
in milk yield, third generation crossbred cattle 
producing 70 per cent more milk than the 
native cattle; and notes the results of fertil- 
izer experiments with coffee and with coconuts 
to improve vield, studies on nitrogen utilization 
bv cane soils, trials with certain forage crops 
or recognized value for Porto Rico ; studies 
of the effect of photoperiodism on crop plants 
of economic importance, of the critical factors 
governing pineapple production, of plant dis- 
eases and means of eradicating them, and to 
determine the presence on the island of ani- 
mal parasites, their life histories, and control. 
Limestone, or coral deposit, locally known as 
" tosca " is reported as proving to be admir- 
ablv adapted for building purposes in the 
absence of the more expensive materials, brick, 
timber, etc. 

tin 1568-F.) By Benjamin Schwartz, senior 
zoologist, zoological division, and W. B. 
Shook, veterinary inspector, pathological di- 
vision, Bureau of Animal Industry. P. 30, 
figs. December 1928. 

This publication, intended primarily for rab- 
bit raisers, was issued to enable the depart- 
ment to answer the many requests received 
for information on the ailments of "rabbits. 
Also, it is believed the bulletin will be found 
useful by veterinarians and parasitologists. 
The bulletin gives information on how to keep 
rabbits healthy and how to treat rabbits for 
diseases and parasites. Numerous illustra- 
tions supplement the text, to aid the reader in 
recognizing the more important diseases and 
parasites described. 

AND STRAINS OF ALFALFA. (An unnumbered multi- 
graphed circular.) By H. L. Westover, senior 
agronomist, office of forage crops. Bureau of 
Plant Industry. P. 9. January 1929. 
Discusses the adaptation of varieties and 
strains to the various parts of the United 
States. For common alfalfa, it indicates, on 
the basis of the latest experimental evidence, 
the particular regions in which the. particular 
strains are likely to give satisfactory results, 
and also the regions where losses from winter 
killing are likely to result. The comparative 
value of the common strains and the varie- 
gated alfalfas for the various sections is dis- 
cussed. The results that h.ave been obtained 
with seed from foreign sources (Argentina, 
Turkestan, Canada, South Africa, and else- 
where) are treated at some length, and com- 
parisons as to their value are drawn between 
the foreign and domestic varieties and strains. 

bered multigraph circular.) By A. J. Pieters, sen- 
ior agronomist, acting in charge of the office 
of forage crops, Bureau of Plant Industry. 
P. 8. January 1929. 

Discusses new varieties which have "become 
popular. Many letters are received asking 
what the new varieties are and where seed 
may be obtained. Information on this, and 
a digest of reports on the performance of each 
variety in 1927 and 1928, is given in this 

F. A. Hayes. U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, in charge ; and A. N. Huddleston and 
M. H. Layton, University of Nebraska. 
Pp. 1-56, fig., map. (From F. O. Soils, No. 
12, Series 1924.) 

reau of Animal industry 260. December 1928. Pp. 

105-112. January 1929. 



Ash, E. C. Farming. London, Methuen, 

Watson, J. A. S., and More, J. A. Agricul- 
ture ; the science and practice of British 
farming. Ed. 2. Edinburgh, Oliver and 
Boyd, 1928. 


Dairy shorthorn association. The dairy 
shorthorn. London, 1928. 

Davis, K. C. Livestock enterprises. Phila- 
delphia, Lippincott, 1928. 

Goldschmidt, S. G. Stable wise. New York, 
Scribner, 1929. 

Gutbrod, Hans. Die rehfarbige frankenziege. 
Hannover, Schaper, 1927. 

World's dairy congress. London, Reading, 
Edinburgh, and Nottingham, 1928. Re- 
port of proceedings. London, 1928. 


Earle. F. S. Sugar cane and its culture. 
New York, Wiley, 1928. 


Miinchener bezirks-bienenzuchtverein. Bienen- 
zucht und bienenfoi'sihung in Bayern, hrsg. 
von G. A. Rosch und G. Bamberger. Ncu- 
miinster, K. Wachholtz, 1927. 


Grossfeld, J. Anleitung zur untersuchung der 

lebensmittel. Berlin, Springer, 1927. 
McCollum, E. Y., and Simmonds, Nina. Food, 

nutrition and health. Ed. 2. Baltimore, 

The authors, 1928. 
Wilson, M. E. L. New cook book. Ed. 5. 

Nashville, Tenn., Marshall & Bruce, 1924. 
Woman's home companion. Quantity cooking 

planned for church and club. New York, 



Bevier. Isabel. Home economics in education. 
Ed. 2. Philadelphia. Lippincott, 1928. 

Rich, M. E. Family life to-day, papers pre- 
sented at a conference at Buffalo Oct. 2—5, 
1927. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1928. 


Boulnois, H. P. Practical road engineering 

for the new traffic requirements. London, 

St. Bride's press, 1910. 
White, Joseph, and Bernewitz, M. W. von. 

The bridges of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, 

Cramer, 1928. 


Manning, J. W. The plant buyers' index. 
Supplement to the 2d ed. Reading, Mass. 

Simmonds, J. H. Trees from other lands for 
shelter and timber in New Zealand : euca- 
lyptus. Auckland, N. Z., Brett, 1927. 

Symonds. T. J. Indian grasses. Ed. 2. 
Madras, Higginbotham, 1886. 

Trinidad. Dept. of agriculture. Flora of 
Trinidad and Tobago. Port-of-Spain, 1928. 

Jennison, George. Natural history : animals. 
London. Black, 1927. 

Savory, T. H. The biolosv of spiders. Lon- 
don, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1928. 


Growth, by W. J. Rohbins [and others]. New 
Haven, Yale university press, 1928. 


App, Frank. Farm economics. Ed. 2. Phila- 
delphia, Lippincott, 1928. 

Lumley, F. E. Means of social control. New 
York, Century, 1925. 

Sherman, W. A. Merchandising fruits and 
vegetables. Chicago, A. W. Shaw, 1928. 

Wager, P. W. County government and ad- 
ministration in North Carolina. Chapel 
Hill, University of North Carolina press, 


Kitson, H. D. The mind of the buyer, a 

psychology of selling. New York, Macmil- 

lan, 1927. 
McDougall, William. The group mind. Ed. 

2. New York. Putnam, 1928. 
Scott, W. D. The psvchology of advertising. 

Boston, Small, Maynard, 1921. 


Merrill. W. S. Code for classifiers. Chicago, 
American library association, 1928. 

Warner, John. Reference library methods. 
London, Grafton, 1928. 


L'agriculteur de Bretagne ; journal mensuel 
des offices agricoles departenicntaux et des 
Societes d'agriculture de Bretagne, annee 5, 
no. 69- Sept. 1928- Rennes. 

El agricultor argentine monthly, afio 4, 
num. 4S- Dec. 192S- Buenos Aires. 

California. University. Publications in public 
health, vol. 1. no. 1- Berkeley, 1928- 

Ulinois health messenger, semimonthly, v. 1, 
no. 1- Jan. 1. 1929^- Springfield. 

Rubber: an illustrated magazine for all inter- 
ested in the rubber Industry. monthly. 
v. 1, no. 1- Sept. 1928- London. 

Russell's national motor bus guide, monthly. 
v. 1, no. 4— Jan. 1929- Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Technologie und chemie dor papier— u. zell- 
stoff-fabrikation. chemisch-technische und 
wissenschaftliche beilage zu der zeitschrift 
Wochenblatt f. papierfabrikation. jahrg. 25, 
nr. 2- Feb. 25. 1928- Biborach-Riss. 

Texas farm bureau cotton association. Farm 
bureau news, semimonthly, v. 7— Jan. 1, 
1927- Temple and Dallas, Texas. 


Articles and Written Addresses by 

Department People in Outside 


Agricultural Economics 

Carey, L. C. — The standard container act of 
1928. Scale Journal. December 1928. 

Animal Industry 

Haskett, Bert. — Sheep and range conditions 
in Arizona for the year 1928. Boston 
Evening Transcript, January 3, 1929. 

Biological Survey 

Ashbrook, Frank G. — Production and con- 
servation of fur animals. The Game 
Breeder, vol. 22, No. 11, p. 337-343. No- 
vember 1928. 

. Recommendations to beginners in fur 

farming. The Northern Fur Trade, vol. 3, 
No. 9, p. 5-9. October-November 1928. 

and Hanson, K. B. — Progress report 

of marten breeding experiments. The 
Northern Fur Trade, vol. 3, No. 9, p. 14-16. 
October-November 1928. 

Gabrielson, I. N. — Rodent control work pop- 
ular. Agricultural Leaders' Digest, vol. 10, 
p. 40-41. January 1929. 

McAtee, W. L. — Birds of the golf course: 
Horned larks. Bulletin Green Section U. S. 
Golf Association, vol. 8, No. 11, p. 232-233, 
illus. November 1928. 

Oderkirk, G. C. — Effective methods of rat 
control. Southern Agriculturist, vol. 59, 
No. 1, p. 10-11, illus. January 1929. 

Redixgton, Paul G. — Certain aspects of wild 
life conservation. American Game, vol. IS, 
No. 1. p. 10-11, 18-24. December 1928- 
January 1929. 

. Certain wild life aspects. Outdoor 

America, vol. 7, No. 7, p. 36-40, illus. 
February 1929. 

F. D. I. Administration 

Alfend, Samuel. — Report on water-soluble 
protein, unsaponifiable matter, and ash in 
eggs. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, Nov. 
15, 1928, p. 424. 

Report on fat. lipoids, and lipoid 

phosphoric acid (P 2 O r> ), water-soluble pro- 
tein-nitrogen precipitable by 40 per cent 
alcohol, and unsaponifiable matter in ali- 
mentary pastes, and unsaponifiable matter 
in flour. J. A. O. A. C., vol. 11, no. 4, Nov. 
15, 1928, p. 490. 

Clarke. J. O., and Feldbaum, J. — Report on 

vinegars. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, 

Nov. 15, 1928, p. 499. 
Gittinger, G. S., and Munch, J. C. — Bioas- 

say of aconite and its preparations. 1. 

Lethal dose of aconitine to rats, Journ. 

Amer. Pharm. Assoc, vol. 18„ no. 1, p. 17- 

Jablonski, C. F. — Report on coloring matter 

in foods. J. A. O. A. C., vol. 11, no. 4, 

Nov. 15, 1928, p. 434. 
Lepper, H. A. — Report on cacao products. J. 

A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, Nov. 15, 1928, p. 

McCloskt, Wm. T., and Munch, J. C. — A 

proposed physiological standard for pitui- 

tarium, U. S. P. Journ. Amer. Pharm. 

Assoc, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 31-^2. January, 

Macomber, H. I. — Report on the detection 

of decomposition in eggs. J. A. O. A. C, 

vol. 11, no. 4, Nov. 15, 1928, p. 427. 
Munch, J. O, and Gittinger, G. S. — Formula 

for calculating composition of mixtures of 

mydriatic alkaloids. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 

11, no. 4, Nov. 15, 1928, pp. 521-523. 
Offutt, Marie L. — Report on crude fiber in 

cacao products. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 

4, Nov. 15, 1928, p. 514. 
Palmer, J. C. — Report on starch in flour. 

J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, Nov. 15, 1928, 

p. 484. 
Runkel, H. — Report on sampling of flour. 

J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, Nov. 15, 1928, 

p. 464. 
Sale, J. W. — Report on flavors and nonalco- 
holic beverages. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 

4, Nov. 15, 1928, p. 503. 
Tilden, Doris H. — Report on ash in fruit 

products. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, 

Nov. 15, 1928, p. 445. 
Wichmann, H. J. — Report on fruits and fruit 

products. J. A. O. A. C, vol. 11, no. 4, 

Nov. 15, 1928, p. 442. 

Home Economics 

Munsell, Hazel E. — Rice polishings as a 
source of vitamin B. Journal of Home Eco- 
nomics, vol. 21, no, 2, p. 124-129, Feb- 
ruary 1929. 

Pabst, Anna M. — Milk in the household re- 
frigerator. Ice and Refrigeration, vol. 76, 
no. 1, p. 14-15. January 1929. 

Woodhouse, Chase Going. — How to live 
happily on your income. Children, vol. 4, 
no. 1, p. 23, 43-44. January 1929. 

. Mother : General manager of the 

plant. Children, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 27, 67. 
February 1929. 

Plant Industry 

Batles, B. B., and Coffman, F. A. — Effects 
of dehulling seed and of date of seeding on 
germination and smut infection in oats. 
Journal American Society of Agronomy, vol. 
21, p. 41-51. January, 1929. 

Beattie, J. H. — Improvement of the peanut 
by selection. American Society of Horticul- 
tural Science. Twenty-fourth Proceedings. 
P. 75-78. 1927. 1928. 

Enlow, C. R. — Turf studies at the Florida 
experiment station. Bulletin of the Green 
Section, U. S. Golf Association, vol. 8, p. 
246-247. December, 1928. 

. Winter grass experiments at Gaines- 
ville, Fla. Bulletin Green Section, U. S. 
Golf Association, vol. 8, p. 224-225. No- 
vember, 1928. 

Hansen, D., and Seamans, A. E. — CropDing 
experiments at the Huntley Branch station. 
Montana Agricultural Experiment Station 
Thirtv-fourth Annual Report. P. 18-28. 
1926-27. (Received January, 1929.) 

Jones, J, W. — Technic of rice hybridization 
in California. Journal American Society 
of Agronomy, vol. 21, p. 35-40. January, 

Pieters, A. J. — What is mammoth red clover? 
Seed World, vol. 25, no. 1, p. 25. January 
11, 1929. 

[In the revised administration regulations 
greater responsibility is placed upon bureau 
chiefs for approving material for outside 
publications. (See see. 604.) These regula- 
tions provide that one copy of each article 
or written address bearing upon the work of 
the department, and prepared for outside pub- 
lication or delivery, should be sent to the Office 
of Information for reference and filing. In- 
formation concerning the fact of publication 
of an article or address outside the depart- 
ment should be furnished by the bureau con- 
cerned to The Official Record for entry 
under this heading in The Record. One copy 
of each written address should be sent to the 
director of information, whether the address 
is destined for outside publication or not.] 


How fast can a jack rabbit travel? 
The question has been discussed and 
disputed wherever western sportsmen 
have congregated. Ira N. Gabrielson, 
biologist in rodent control, Bureau of 
Biological Survey, has evidence that 
35 miles an hour is a safe answer. 

He tells of an evening in a western 
hotel when talk turned to jack-rabbit 
speed and the stage driver reported 
that while driving at 30 miles an hour 
a rabbit ran down the road ahead of 
the stage and distanced it. 

" The next morning," Gabrielson 
says, " my companion and I started 
north in about a foot of well-packed 
snow through which a single set of 
tracks had been broken by the rather 
scanty auto travel. About 10 miles 
out a jack rabbit darted from his 
shelter beneath the sagebrush, hopped 
down into the track, and started on 
ahead. Expecting him to run a few 
feet and then jump to one side, we paid 
little attention for some distance. But 
this was an unusual • rabbit — he kept 
straight ahead. A glance at the speed- 
ometer showed we were going about 
30 miles an hour, and the rabbit 
without any apparent undue effort was 
running away from us. 

" Suddenly we remembered the stage 
driver's remark of the night before 
and increased our speed gradually to 
35 miles an hour before we were hold- 
ing our own. On went the rabbit for 
perhaps half a mile with us slowly 
closing up on him bv_ running a little 
over 35. Several times we brought 
the car to 35 and each time our speed- 
ing friend held his own. It was quite 
apparent that either it was the same 
rabbit the stage driver passed, or one 
geared to exactly the same speed." 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

When shall we sell our corn? G. S. Shepherd. 
(Iowa Sta. Circ. 113, 23 p., 8 figs. Jan. 
1929.) Ames. 

Pathology and bacteriology of the reproductive 
organs of mares in relation to sterility. 
W. W. Dimock and P. R. Edwards. (Ken- 
tucky Sta. Bui. 286, p. 157-237, 2 figs. 
July, 1928.) Lexington. 

The marketing of tobacco. O. B. Jesness. 
(Kentucky Sta. Bui. 287, p. 241-270. Oct. 
1928.) Lexington. 

The foxglove aphid on potato and other 
plants. E. M. Patch. (Maine Sta. Bui. 
346, p. 49-60, 3 figs. July. 1928.) Orono. 

Commercial feeding stuffs, 1927-1928. J. M. 
Bartlett. (Maine Sta. Off. Insp. 12S, p. 
17-60. Aug. 1928.) Orono. 

Commercial fertilizers, 1928. J. M. Bartlett. 
(Maine Sta. Off. Insp. 129, p. 61-84. Oct. 
1928. ) Orono. 

Certified Irish potato seed, report of 1928 
test. H. H. Wedgworth et al. (Mississippi 
Sta. Circ. 80, 7 p. Oct. 1928.) A. and M. 

Some outstanding accomplishments of the 
Montana Agricultural Experiment Station. — 
Thirty-fourth annual report, July 1, 1926, 
to June 30, 1927. F. B. Linfield et al. 104 
p., 12 figs. Bozeman. 

A method for measuring the " drag " of cotton 
fibers and the relation of certain physical 
properties of the cotton fiber to yarn quality. 
J. H. Moore. (North Carolina Sta. Tech. 
Bui. 33, 43 p., 15 pis. Oct. 1928.) State 
College Station. Raleigh. 

The Bimonthly Bulletin. (Ohio Sta. Bimo. 
Bui., vol. 14, No. 1, 32 p., 6 figs. Jan.- 
Feb. 1929.) Wooster. 

The wheat jointworm in Oregon. T. R. 
Chamberlin. (Oregon Sta. Circ. 86, 7 p., 
2 figs. Nov. 1928.) Corvallis. 

Director's biennial report, Oregon Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station, 1924-1926. J. T. 
Jardine et al. 133 p. Corvallis. 

Experiments with fertilizers on rotated and 
nonrotated crops. E. B. Reynolds. (Texas 
Sta. Bui. 390, 39 p., 2 figs. Dec. 1928.) 
College Station. 

Prune supply and orice situation. S. W. 
Shear. (California Sta. Bui. 462, 69 p., 
14 figs. Dec. 1928.) Berkeley. 

The climate of Florida. A. J. Mitchell and 
M. R. Ensign. (Florida Sta. Bui. 200, 
p. 91-300, 14 figs. Nov. 1928.) Gaines- 

Systems of farming for the hill sections of 
Mississippi. L. B. Long and R. S. Kifer. 
(Mississippi Sta. Bui. 257. 50 p., 15 figs. 
Sept. 1928.) A. & M. College. 

Forty-first annual report of New York State 
College of Agriculture at Cornell University 
and of Cornell University Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station, 1928. A. R. Mann et al. 
170 p. Ithaca. 

Cooperative marketing of livestock in North 
Dakota. A. H. Benton and H. E. Seiel- 
stad. (North Dakota Sta. Bui. 223, 63 
p., 14 figs. Nov. 1928.) State College 
Station, Fargo. 

The mineral content of feeds, soils, and wa- 
ters of South Carolina. J. H. Mitchell, 
J. D. Warner, and K. S. Morrow. (South 
Carolina Sta. Bui. 252, 32 p. Dee. 1928.) 
Clemson College. 

An agricultural survey of the Charleston 
area. A. M. Carkuff. (South Carolina 
Sta. Bui. 253, 62 p., 23 figs. Dec. 1928.) 
Clemson College. 

Irish potato outlook, South Carolina, 1929. 
W. C. Jensen and A. M. Carkuff. (South 
Carolina Sta. Circ. 34, 16 p., 4 figs. Dec. 
1928.) Clemson College. 

Forty-first annual report of the South Caro- 
lina Experiment Station of Clemson Ag- 
ricultural College for the year ended June 
30, 1928. H. W. Barre, 95 p., 33 figs. 
Dec. 1928.) Clemson College. 

The Official Record has a " Questions 
and Answers " department which runs under 
that heading. Questions deemed of sufficient 
general interest to the people of the depart- 
ment as a whole will be answered therein if 
sent to the editor. Others will be handled by 




(Continued from page 1) 

open." He expressed approval of the 
recently enacted McSweeney-MeNary 
Act, which includes in its program of 
forest research the study of the wild-life 
resources and problems of forested areas. 
Discussing the subject of the develop- 
ment of water areas, including swamps 
and lakes, Mr. Eedington expressed dis- 
approval of many extensive drainage 
proposals, and cited numerous instances 
in which lands now in swamp were more 
valuable than cultivated acreage near-by. 
He mentioned the Suisun marshes in So- 
lano County, Calif., most of which 
are in possession of private shooting 
clubs and are valued at far more than 
they would be if used for grazing or 
agriculture. He also mentioned areas in 
Orange and southern Los Angeles Coun- 
ties, where artificial ponds have been 
created, supplied from artesian wells 
designed to flood dry lands and create 
shooting areas, thus adding greatly to 
their value. Another area where in- 
crease in waterfowl has led to increase in 
land valuations is along the Potomac 
River and parts of Chesapeake Bay, 
where in certain places land values have 
enhanced 300 to 400 per cent in the last 
few years. 

" The fact that the Mississippi Valley 
furnishes so large a part of the $60,000,- 
000 annual fur crop, suggests the impor- 
tance of giving more attention to the 
production on upland areas of valuable 
fur bearers. Many areas in the vicinity of 
the Great Lakes have proved valuable for 
fur farming. One Wisconsin fur farmer 
recently made a shipment of pelts val- 
ued at more than $1,000,000. In many 
cases fish production and fur farming can 
be carried on together. 

" Full development of the game possi- 
bilities of the forests involves many prob- 
lems. Big game in some areas has fre- 
quently multiplied too rapidly, to the 
detriment of trees and forage and live- 
stock production and until forests were 
so injured that the game starved. How- 
ever, under wise management game can 
add materially to the economic produc- 
tion of the forests. Wise management 
will require research and experimentation 
and will demand the control of such de- 
structive species as porcupines, wood- 
chucks, and other rodents, wolves, and 
coyotes, and certain birds of prey. 

" Control work is highly profitable to 
agriculture and forestry. There are nu- 
merous examples of enhancement of land 
values due to control of rodents and 
predatory species, which has made pos- 
sible greater production of domestic live- 
stock and such valuable game species as 
deer, grouse, and wild turkeys;. 

" Most remarkable results have been 
accomplished in improving strains of 
wheat, corn, and oats. The question 
that should be considered is whether 
nature has done all that can be done in 
I he development or improvement of our 
native wild-life species. Little has as yet 
been undertaken in the way of experi- 
mental investigations employing modern 
methods designed to develop more valu- 
able strains of game and fur-bearing 
animals. Hence we are not in position 
to say to what extent it might be pos- 
sible to stock or restock areas suited for 

the production of these forms with va- 
rieties that might prove hardier and 
more adaptable. It is possible that such 
animals might be made more attractive 
for the chase or the table or more valu- 
able for their fur. 

" We have a vast natural resource in 
our wild life that has been exploited all 
too long, and now, by research, control, 
conservation, and production it must be 
developed to the fullest practicable ex- 
tent. Only as we remember that we are 
only trustees, not owners in fee, of this 
important national asset, can we pass on 
this heritage or its equivalent to those 
who come after us." 

Between 75 and SO per cent of those 
who have been graduated from the long 
course in agriculture at the University of 
Wisconsin between the years 1878 and 
1920 have been directly engaged in or 
connected with agriculture. This infor- 
mation is revealed by a survey made of 
the occupations followed by the agricul- 
tural graduates from the time of the 
establishment of the institution to the 
date of the canvass. These graduates 
are distributed among the following call- 
ings: Fanning, 23.8 per cent; county 
agent work, 17.8 ; high-school teaching, 
9.8 ; other educational activities, 17.3 ; 
commercial agriculture, 16.3 ; and non- 
agricultural, 15 per cent. According to 
John A. James, assistant dean of the 
college of agriculture, 43.8 .per cent of 
these long-course graduates have worked 
in Wisconsin, 23.3 have been in other 
States in the Middle West, and 31.9 are 
outside the State and Middle West 

What does glycerin weigh? What is 
the freezing point of orange oil? Will 
foods cooked in aluminum be made pois- 
onous? What is the best anti-freeze 
mixture? I have a turkey I want to 
keep until Christmas; shall I draw it or 
not? How much does a gallon of per- 
fume weigh? These are some of the 
questions recently received by the Den- 
ver station of the Food, Drug, and In- 
secticide Administration. Thus does the 
public seek its information. 

The annual memorial exercises in 
honor of the men who lost their lives 
in the destruction of the U. S. S. Maine 
in Habana harbor in 1898, will be held 
in the riding hall at Fort Meyer, Va., 
to-morrow, February 15. Employees of 
the department who are war veterans, 
are permitted to attend these exercises 
in all cases where their services can be 
spared, the absence from duty on this 
account to be charged to annual leave. 

The college of agriculture of the Uni- 
versity of Idaho is running an experi- 
ment at its Caldwell substation to de- 
termine the value of cull beans and po- 
tatoes for fattening beef cattle for 



(Continued from page 1) 

not abandon its view that the product in 
question violated the food and drags law. 
Libels were subsequently filed and seiz- 
ures subsequently made of the product 
in various parts of the country. Hence, 
the suit involves the question whether, 
under the circumstances alleged in the 
bill, the Government may be enjoined 
from instituting multiple-seizure proceed- 
ings against this product under the food 
and drugs act. 

Until fire is systematically kept out of 
the woods, all attempts at permanent use 
of land for timber production will be 
abortive, says the Forest Service. 


Ethylene oxide is a fumigant not hith- 
erto used for exterminating insects, but 
the department has recently discovered 
that the material is highly toxic to cer- 
tain species. Those insects which com- 
monly infest stored food products, cloth- 
ing, and furniture can be killed easily by 
the vapors of ethylene oxide in concentra- 
tions that can be used without danger of 
fire or injury to human beings. Clothes 
moths, carpet beetles, rice weevils, saw- 
toothed grain beetles, Indian meal moths, 
red-legged ham beetles, and flour beetles 
all succumbed to this new fumigant when 
it was used experimentally for a period of 
20 hours in the proportion of 1 pound of 
ethylene oxide to 1.000 cubic feet of 
space. However, for commercial fumi- 
gation it is recommended that the fumi- 
gant be used at double this quantity per 
1,000 cubic feet of space. Comparative 
tests have indicated that the vapors of 
ethylene oxide are somewhat more toxic 
to stored-product insects than are those 
of carbon disulfide and about thirty times 
as toxic as those of carbon tetrachloride. 
Owing to its low boiling point, ethylene 
oxide is effective at comparatively low 
temperatures, from 60° to 75° F. It has 
excellent powers of penetration. Insects 
buried in overstuffed furniture, sealed in 
packages of cereals, and buried in jars of 
grain, have been killed with ease. No 
deleterious effect was noticeable when the 
commercial dosage of the fumigant was 
used for 24 hours on commodities, food- 
stuffs of various types, clothing, furni- 
ture, and metals. Such foodstuffs as nut 
meats and dried fruits were unaffected, 
and no foreign taste or odor was dis- 
cernible after removal from the fumiga- 
tion chamber. No liquid foods were 
treated. Preliminary tests in a vacuum 
fumigation tank show that ethylene oxide 
can be successfully used for this type of 
fumigation. However, experiments have 
indicated that ethylene oxide should not 
be used in fumigating seeds which are to 
be planted. In tests with seed wheat 
germinability was seriously low, and the 
vapors of the fumigant were presumed 
to have been the cause. 

"Announcement is made by Dr. C. A. 
Cary (dean of the college of veterinary 
medicine, Alabama Polytechnic Institute) 
of Auburn, that the last battle with cat- 
tle ticks in Alabama is now under way 
in Clarke County. He now hopes to 
complete the job in 1929, making the en- 
tire State free from ticks," — From press 
matter issued by Alabama Polytechnic 


Certificate : By direction cf the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, February 21, 1929 

No. 8 




Their Extension Forces Now 
Local Plans Into Operation to 
Give Effect to Report 

The representatives of the cooperative 
agricultural services of 45 of the States 
and of the Territory of Hawaii who 
took part in the 1929 Annual Outlook 
Conference conducted by the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics in Washington, 
D. C, January 21-26, adopted before 
they left Washington a resolution ex- 
pressing their appreciation of the hold- 
ing of the conference this year earlier in 
the year than the conferences were held 
formerly. And in meetingsi which they 
held in connection with the Outlook Con- 
ference they discussed ways and means 
and made suggestions for making the 
information of the Outlook Report avail- 
able as quickly as possible to the farm- 
ers. Features of some of the State plans 
for effectuating the Outlook information 
in the respective States were outlined 
in the meetings as follows : 

In Missouri, said D. C. Wood, exten- 
sion leader in farm management of the 
extension service of the University of 
Missouri, the initial objective was to 
make the information available in a gen- 
eral way to as many people as possible 
in the time during which the informa- 
tion would be of most value. This would 
be the third year for this plan, he said. 
Under this plan, Mr. Wood stated, the 
State is divided into areas according to 
types of farming, with some overlapping. 
An area meeting is held in each. Dele- 
gates to these meetings are selected by 
a committee appointed by the county 
agents. The committee selects delegates 
with a view to giving representation to 
all major lines of farming within the 
area, and the membership lists of all 
agricultural organizations within the 
area are used for this purpose. The 
delegates meet in the forenoon and in 
the afternoon and all of the group have 
dinner together. Commodity committees, 
each with three members, are appointed 
in advance by the local leader. Each 
committee takes notes on its particular 
commodity while that is being discussed 
in the general meeting, and then pre- 
pares a report. These reports complete 
the conference program. The committee- 
men are asked to make the reports from 
their own opinions and the statements 
are used later by the county agents for 
the local press. On the average, about 
six commodities are covered. A monthly 
chart service, giving late economic in- 
formation illustrated by graphs, follows 
{Continued on page 3) 
35499°— 29 


Who retires March 4 as Secretary of Agricul- 
ture. He was appointed by President Cool- 
idge and took the oath of office as Secretary 
on March 5, 1925. Upon retirement from the 
Cabinet he will become counsel for the Feder- 
ated Fruit and Vegetable Growers, a coopera- 
tive organization, and will aid generally in 
the development of the agricultural cooperative 


Has Brought Two New Agricultural 

Industries Into the State, Says 

Head of State College 

Two important branches of agricul- 
tural industry have recently become suc- 
cessful in Georgia, and the fact has been 
due in large measure to the soil-survey 
work done by the Bureau of Chemistry 
and Soils in cooperation with the States, 
reports President A. M. Soule of Georgia 
State College of Agriculture, University 
of Georgia, Athens. 

In a recent conference with Inspector 
Hugh H. Bennett of the Soil Survey, 
Doctor Soule said the successful produc- 
tion of tobacco in his State furnishes an 
example of how the practical application 
of information on soil types contained 
in the soil-survey reports had added mil- 
lions of dollars to the income of Georgia 

When the growing of tobacco was be- 
ing agitated in Georgia large acreages of 
Norfolk sandy loam and Norfolk fine 
sandy loam were located and their quali- 
(Continued on page 8) 



Becomes Counsel of Fruit and Vegetable 

Organization and Will Be Interested 

in Other Cooperative Activities 

Secretary W. M. Jardine of the De- 
partment of Agriculture will retire from 
the Cabinet on March 4 and give his time 
to agricultural activities with particular 
reference to the cooperative-marketing 
movement. This announcement was made 
by his office February 13. 

The Secretary has accepted a position 
as counsel for the Federated Fruit and 
Vegetable Growers, a cooperative organi- 
zation with headquarters in New York 
City and reaching into many States in its 
business dealings. As counsel for this 
organization, Doctor Jardine will have 
his offices in Washington, D. C. 

In accepting the position with the 
Federated organization, Secretary Jardine 
has an understanding that he will give 
to the organization only such time as may 
be necessary for the conduct of its busi- 
ness, thus leaving him free to participate 
in other agricultural activities. 

Arthur R. Rule, executive vice presi- 
dent of the Federated Fruit and Vegeta- 
ble Growers, in carrying on the negotia- 
tions with Secretary Jardine, said: 

" The Federated has no desire to mo- 
nopolize your time or your effort. We 
want you to have unlimited freedom in 
giving to the cooperative-marketing move- 
ment as a whole the results of your 
experience and the benefits of the con- 
structive policies which you have so 
strongly advocated." 

In announcing his retirement Secretary 
Jardine said : 

" I have held the hope that four years 
in public life is all that would be ex- 
pected of one who must make a personal 
sacrifice to perform Federal service. 

" During the past four years I have 
consistently held that the stabilization of 
agricultural production and prices is our 
most urgent economic problem, that sound 
cooperative-marketing associations and 
stabilization corporations must be the 
basis of aid extended by the Federal Gov- 
ernment, that we should greatly increase 
our agricultural research, and that we 
must keep the domestic market for the 
American farmer. 

" I have fought for these principles. 
Even those who have differed with me on 
the fundamentals of the farm problem 
know I have been sincere, consistent, 
and determined in my stand. I believe 
that the bill introduced in Congress by 
Senator McNary will serve as a basis 
for solving many of the ills which have 
(Continued on page 2) 



House Passes Senate Resolution Au- 
thorizing $6,000,000 Relief Fund 
For Fanners of Southeast 

Establishment of an agricultural-prod- 
ucts experiment station in South. Dakota 
is proposed in a bill (S. J. Res. 214) in- 
troduced in Congress by Senator Mc- 
Master of South Dakota. The bill would 
authorize an appropriation of $1,000,000 
for the acquisition of a site, construction, 
aud maintenance of buildings, purchase 
of equipment, and employment of per- 
sonnel. Chemical experiments have 
shown, the measure says, that it is possi- 
ble to manufacture more than 200 articles 
of commercial value from various agri- 
cultural products, but that the greater 
number of these articles can not be made 
profitably by methods now known. The 
bill would provide for research to develop 
better methods. 

The House has passed Senate Joint 
Resolution 162 providing relief for farm- 
ers in the storm and floodstricken areas 
of the Southeastern States. This reso- 
lution would authorize the appropria- 
tion of $6,000,000, available immediately 
to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to 
make loans to farmers and fruit grow- 
ers for the purchase of seed, work stock, 
fertilizer, etc. Loans would be limited 
to $2,000 to any one person. 

Senator Fess, of Ohio, has introduced 
a resolution (S. J. Res. 212) authorizing 
the sending of delegates and an exhibit 
to the Fourth World's Poultry Congress, 
which is to be held in England in 1930. 
The bill would authorize the Secretary of 
Agriculture to prepare and install a na- 
tional exhibit at the congress, and for 
this purpose it would authorize an 
appropriation of $40,000, of which not 
more than $15,000 would be available for 
the expenses of the official delegates. 

The Senate has adopted a resolution 
directing the Federal Reserve Board to 
give the Senate any information and 
suggestions which would help in legis- 
lating to correct the drawing of money 
from business channels for speculation 
pu rposes. 

A treaty of friendship, commerce, and 
consular 'rights with Austria, and a 
treaty regulating tariff relations with 
China, were ratified by the Senate in 
executive session February 11. 

The Senate Committee on Public Lands 
and Surveys has reported out a bill 
(H. R. 15328) to authorize the exchange 
of 18 sections of Government land for 
an equal value of State land in Utah, for 
experiments in sheep production and 
other purposes. 

The Senate has passed a bill (H. R. 
1382) extending the provisions of the 
Hatch Act and the Smith-Lever Act to 
the Territory of Alaska. It has also 
passed a bill (S. 3001) to revise the 
boundaries of Yellowstone National 
Park, and a bill (S. 5543) to establish 
the Grand Teton National Park in 
Wyoming. Another bill passed by the 
Senate (S. J. Res. 206) would author- 
ize the President to appoint a Yellow- 
stone National Park boundary commis- 
sion to inspect the area involved in the 
proposed adjustment of that park's 

Other bills passed by the Senate are: 
S- 5474, authorizing the Director of the 
Census to collect and publish certain 
additional cotton statistics; H. R. 496, 
authorizing an appropriation for the de- 
velopment of potash resources jointly by 
the Department of Agriculture and the 
Department of Commerce ; H. J. Res. 153, 
authorizing a contribution to the organi- 
zation of the International Society for 
the Exploration of the Arctic Regions by 
Means of the Airship ; S. 5302, extending 
the provisions of the farm loan act to 
Porto Rico. 

A House amendment to the migratory 
bird conservation act (S. 1271) has been 
concurred in by the Senate, and the bill 
is now ready to go to the President 

The Senate has concurred in a House 
amendment to Senate amendment 15 of 
the Agriculture appropriation bill re- 
lating to the charging and collection of 
fees for the inspection of brands on live- 
stock. This amendment is now ready 
for action by the President 

Other bills introduced are: 


S. 5743. — Copeland (New York). Author- 
izing an appropriation of §50,000 for the pur- 
chase of seed, feed, and fertilizer to he sup- 
plied to farmers in the flooded sections of 
Orange County, N. Y. 

S. Res. 316. — Ashurst (Arizona). Author- 
izing the committee on public lands and sur- 
veys to investigate the advisability of estab- 
lishing certain additional national parks. 

S. 5678. — McNary (Oregon). Authorizing 
the United States to be made party defendant 
in any suit or action in the United States 
District Court of Oregon to determine the 
title to lands constituting the beds of Lakes 
ilalheur and Harney. 

S. 5714. — Harris (Georgia). Establishing 
the Okefenokce Wild Life and Fish Refuge in 


H. R. 17031. — Johnson (Washington). Es- 
tablishing a fund for the propagation of sal- 
mon in the Columbia River district. 

H. R. 16987. — Drane (Florida). For .the 
control of floods in the Caloosahatchee River 
and Lake Okeechobee drainage areas, Florida. 

H. R. 16991. — Taylor (Colorado). Adding 
certain lands to the Holy Cross National 

H. R. 16925. — Butler (Oregon). Adding 
certain lands to the Fremont National Forest 
in Oregon. 

H. R. 16715. — Temple (Pennsylvania). Ex- 
tending the boundaries of the proposed Great 
Smoky Mountain National Park. 



(Continued from page 1) 

confronted the farmers of the Nation 
since the war. 

" While I appreciate deeply the con- 
fidence so generously expressed in me, I 
wish it known that because of obliga- 
tions to my family and for my own per- 
sonal interest, I feel I must retire to 
private life. 

" I have repeatedly discussed with Mr. 
Hoover my desire to retire from public 
service and I have advised with him in 
my business negotiations. In consider- 
ing the many proposals which have been 
presented to me I have expressed the 
wish to remain in Washington in order 
that I might give to Mr. Hoover and his 
administration every possible aid." 


The Official Record has a " Questions 
and Answers " department which runs under 
that heading. Questions deemed of sufflcient 
general interest to the people of the depart- 
ment as a whole will be answered therein if 
sent to the editor. Others will be handled by 

Fanners' Insurance Organizations Had 

$10,000 s 000,000 of Protection in 

Force at End of 1926 

Farmers' mutual fire insurance com- 
panies in the United States have, in the 
last decade or so, greatly increased the 
volume of their insurance in force, and 
these companies now occupy a position 
of importance in the field of agricultural 
insurance, the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics reports. The Bureau says: 

In the period 1916-1926 the number of 
farmers' mutual fire insurance companies 
increased little, because the formation 
of new organizations was largely offset 
by the consolidation of old ones. Growth 
in business, however, was extremely 
large, as appears from the fact that 
1,911 such companies oh December 31, 
1926, had nearly $10,000,000,000 of in- 
surance in force, as compared with less 
than $6,000,000,000 on the books of 1.883 
similar companies at the close of 1916. 

The bureau has informations on about 
1,950 companies. Satisfactory data were 
not obtainable for 39 companies. The 
total number of farmers' mutual fire 
insurance companies in the country prob- 
ably slightly exceeds the total of those 
reported, for in a few of the States 
there are a number of unincorporated and 
nonreporting mutuals. Growth in mem- 
bership and increase in the average 
amount of insurance per member chiefly 
accounted for the increase in the volume 
of risks in force between 1916 and 1926. 
Part of the increase in the average in- 
surance per member was due to increase 
in valuations of buildings and personal 
property, and part to quantitative in- 
crease in insurable property. The busi- 
ness of 1926 was done at the remarkably 
low average cost of about 26 cents per 
$100 of insurance in force. The average 
membership of 1,060 companies was 1.762, 
compared with an average of 1,532 mem- 
bers for 1,116 companies in 1916. In- 
surance per member in 1926, for com- 
panies reporting both membership and 
risks, was $3,144. No corresponding fig- 
ure for the country as a whole is avail- 
able for 1916. 

The companies increased their busi- 
ness territory from 1916 to 1926. The 
most typical size of business territory 
was the single county or a group of 
townships approximating the area of the 
average county. In the Northern States 
a very large percentage of the farmers 
have available the service of at least one 
farmers' mutual company, and niany 
farmers can choose between two or more. 
In the Southern States, however, the de- 
velopment is less marked. In a few of 
the Southern States no farmers' mutual 
fire insurance companies exist. In the 
Northern States nearly all the insurable 
farm property is covered by insurance, 
either in farmers' mutual fire insurance 
companies, in joint-stock companies, or 
in mutual companies that do a general 
fire insurance business. On the other 
hand, in many of the Cotton States, a 
majority of the farmers carry no fire 
insurance on their property. Local sur- 
veys in the Southern States have indi- 
(Continued on page 3) 




Gives Eastern Farmer Access to His 
Logical Markets, and Huckster 
Becomes Marketing Factor 

"Transportation by motor truck is of- 
fering new opportunities for eastern 
farmers in competing with long rail 
hauls from distant commercial produc- 
ing areas," said Wells A. Sherman, mar- 
keting specialist in charge of the divi- 
sion of fruits and vegetables, Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics, in a Farmers' 
Week address at Ohio State University 

" I believe that if all the facts could 
be known we would find that the entire 
territory east of Chicago is rapidly in- 
creasing its total production of fruits 
and vegetables, and that many eastern 
cities are already receiving a larger per- 
centage of their total supply from rela- 
tively nearby sources than they were re- 
ceiving five or six years, ago," said Mr. 

" Highway improvement and motor- 
truck transportation are making it pos- 
sible for many eastern farmers to grow 
some products which were out of the 
question when these farmers were de- 
pendent upon wagon transportation. 
Prior to the development of refrigera- 
tion, practically all of our fresh fruit 
and vegetable production was in the im- 
mediate vicinity of the large cities. Then 
with the commercial manufacture of ice, 
the States bordering on Mexico and the 
Gulf of Mexico began to invade the east- 
ern markets with enormous supplies of 
fresh products at seasons when eastern 
growers could not produce them. Now 
some distant districts are competing with 
these growers during their own market- 
ing season. 

" The motor truck not only is enabling 
near-by producers to meet this competi- 
tion from distant producing areas but is 
effecting far-reaching changes in the 
agencies of distribution. One of these 
changes is the advent of the itinerant 
trucker or huckster who operates in 
fruits and vegetables in units of a small 
motor-truck load. In some sections these 
men furnish a principal outlet for fruits 
and vegetables for a number of fanners 
who produce some fruit or truck as a 
part of a mixed agriculture. In other 
parts of the country where few of these 
fruit and vegetable products are grown, 
these motor-track merchants operate 
almost wholly as distributors from the 
railroad towns. 

" Many jobbers in towns in the Mis- 
souri Valley are complaining that their 
out-of-town business is being disrupted 
by truck peddlers to whom brokers turn 
over cars of rejected or overripe prod- 
ucts. The truckers peddle this stuff 
quickly through every small town with- 
in a radius of 50 or 100 miles, supplying 
every grocer who will buy, at prices 
which the regular jobber who has 
bought a rolling car at the market price 
can not meet As the chain store in the 
larger cities is cutting into the jobber's 
business by putting the little independ- 
ent grocer out of business, so the itin- 

erant jobbing peddler is taking away the 
country customers of the wholesaler in 
the smaller cities. 

" Thus we see the motor track invad- 
ing the field of local distribution in both 
directions. Some truckers are buying 
from the farmers and distributing to 
individual consumers or small storekeep- 
ers. Others are buying in the cities and 
distributing to farmers, villages, and the 
grocers in small towns. Speed of their 
vehicles and good roads enable them to 
cover considerable distances, thus giving 
perishable products a rapidity and 
promptness of distribution heretofore! 



(Continued from page 1) 

the conferences. A new feature to be 
included in this year's plan, Mr. Wood 
said, is a local-leaders' training school 
to be held after each conference. At- 
tendance at the first year's meetings 
averaged about 80 delegates per meeting, 
and the second year an average of about 
90 delegates attended, and approxi- 
mately 80 per cent of the first year's 
delegates returned for the second year's 
conference, he said. 

Iowa's plan for 1929, as reported by 
J. O. Galloway, extension farm-manage- 
ment leader, provided for a series of 30 
district meetings, at each of which three 
or four counties were to be represented. 
These meetings were scheduled for the 
week of February 11, and 12 extension 
specialists were scheduled for these 

In Kentucky the Outlook meetings are 
held by the county agents in their own 
counties, using charts, mimeographed 
outlines, and other material prepared for 
them by the State specialists, said G. B. 
Nance, State marketing specialist. 

In Connecticut some of the State com- 
modity specialists have attended an 
Outlook conference covering all of New 
England, and these specialists then 
served as chairmen of committees in 
the State Outlook conference, said A. W. 
Manchester, State extension farm-man- 
agement leader. This State conference 
is primarily for the State extension 
workers. For dissemination of the in- 
formation in the counties, emphasis is 
to be placed upon short, popular, com- 
modity articles in the local press. 

In Colorado, for areas devoted to one 
particular crop or commodity, the plan 
was to include the issuance of three, or 
possibly four, reports on these commodi- 
ties, these reports to be sent directly to 
the farmers interested in them at timely 
dates during the year, said T. H. Sum- 
mers, State extension farm-management 

All States are planning to extend the 
Outlook information either through spe- 
cial meetings or in other ways. About 
39 States have issued Outlook reports 
this year. The plans also indicate that 
the various extension subject-matter 
specialists will use Outlook information 
in many of the meetings where produc- 
tion and marketing problems for a par- 
ticular commodity are being considered. 
About 1,000 counties will be) reached 
with special Outlook meetings. 

Better-Alfalfa Campaign Brings 
Growers Hundreds of Thousands 

The Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
has received a letter from the University 
of Arizona which reports that the quality 
of alfalfa hay on the Salt River Valley 
irrigation project has been materially 
improved as a result of an educational 
campaign on hay standardization and 
production methods, in which the hay, 
feed, and seed division of the bureau has 
participated. The letter says : 

"A few days ago Mr. G. C. Spilsbury, 
of the Roosevelt Hay Growers Associa- 
tion, made the statement that the work 
on alfalfa and the interest created in 
better-quality alfalfa by the university, 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 
the Roosevelt Hay Growers Association, 
the Industrial Congress, and the farm 
press during the past two seasons has 
resulted in improving the quality of the 
alfalfa marketed in the Salt River Val- 
ley by one full grade. This statement 
was verified by Mr. Walter E. Strong, of 
the Water Users Association. Some very 
real progress has been made." 

The educational program referred to 
began with a brief survey to find out 
why the local alfalfa hay had been low 
in grade, and with a course of training 
in the United States hay standards given 
by the hay, feed, and seed division of the 
bureau to the college representatives. 
This early work was followed by pub- 
licity in the press on the subject of how 
to produce alfalfa that would grade high 
and by many practical farm-to-farm dem- 
onstrations of methods and machinery. 
Market shipments were made of hay 
produced under both the new and old 
methods, and premiums of $3 to $5 per 
ton were received on the higher-grade 
hay produced under the advocated meth- 
ods. The results so far accomplished 
have increased the annual value of the 
Salt River Valley alfalfa crop by several 
hundred thousand dollars. 


(Continued from, page 2) 

cated that only about one-third of the 
farmers there carried fire insurance. 

About 13 per cent of the farmers' mu- 
tual fire insurance companies write com- 
bined protection covering wind as well 
as fire. This practice, although it is 
commended by the department as far as 
the larger mutuals are concerned, is con- 
sidered unwise for the concerns doing a 
local business. A single tornado or 
other wind storm may destroy a large 
number of farm buildings in its path. 
The segregation of risks, which may be 
relied on to prevent a serious fire catas- 
trophe, is not an adequate safeguard 
against heavy loss from a single wind 
storm. Probably not half the mutuals 
writing combined fire and wind-storm 
protection have their risks sufficiently 
distributed. Cooperation between local 
fire insurance companies and larger 
State-wide wind-storm insurance mutuals 
is recommended. 



United states 



Issued Every Thursday from the Press Service 

Washington, D. C. 

The Official Record is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
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is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
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Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
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All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
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Copy must be received before Wednesday 
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dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Record is at 
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As a result of demand from the lumber 
and woodworking trades for a resumption 
of its short courses of instruction, the 
Forest Products Laboratory of the For- 
est Service, Madison, Wis., will give 
again the full program of its courses, 
beginning March 25, announces the direc- 
tor of the laboratory, C. P. Winslow. 
The courses to be given are : 

Gluing of wood. — Begins March 25 ; max- 
imum enrollment, 16 ; enrollment fee, $100 ; 
length of course, 1 week. 

Kiln drying of lumber. — Begins April 1 ; 
maximum enrollment, 18 ; enrollment fee, 
$150 ; length of course, two weeks. 

Boxing and crating. — Begins April 1 ; 
maximum enrollment, 20 ; enrollment fee, 
$100 ; length of course, one week. 

The instruction will follow the same 
general lines as in the courses given pre- 
viously. Emphasis will be placed on prac- 
tical methods and full use will be made 
of the laboratory's extensive experi- 
mental and testing equipment. Formal 
lectures will be dispensed with as far as 
possible in favor of demonstrations, tests, 
and round-table discussions. Limit is put 
upon enrollment in order that the instruc- 
tion may be most effective for the indi- 
vidual. Applications for enrollment 
should be sent to Director Winslow, at 


A new studio in the Livestock Ex- 
change of Omaba, Nebr., for broadcast- 
ing market reports on livestock, was 
dedicated January 31. The program in- 
cluded a message from Gov. Arthur J. 
Weaver of the State of Nebraska, and 
addresses by Glen B. Eastburn, commis- 
sioner of the Omaha Chamber of Com- 
merce, by D. M. Hildebrand, farmer and 
feeder of Seward, Nebr., by Charles 
Bruce, local representative of the live- 
stock, meats, and wool division of the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, and 
by packers and representatives of the 
stockyards. The studio has outlet over 
station WOW, Omaha, which is owned 
and operated by the Woodmen of the 
World Life Insurance Association. It 

has been financed by the stockyards com- 
pany, the livestock exchange, and other 
local interests. The division of live- 
stock, meats, and wool is furnishing all 
of the reports sent from the new studio. 
The studio has complete equipment. The 
B. A. E. men send their broadcasts at 
8. 9.15, and 11.15 a. m., and at 1 and 5 
p. m. daily. 


The annual conference of representa- 
tives of the cooperative extension serv- 
ices of 12 of the Eastern States, will be 
held in Washington, D. C, February 26, 
27, and 28. State directors of extension, 
State leaders of home-demonstration 
work, and specialists in dairying and 
forestry, and those especially concerned 
in housing problems, will attend. It is 
expected that each of the States of the 
eastern extension region — Maine, New 
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, New 
York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary- 
land, and West Virginia — will be repre- 
sented. The discussions in the general 
sessions and group meetings will hinge 
upon the subject of how to find and ap- 
ply economics material for and in exten- 
sion programs. 


New Mexico and Oklahoma producers 
of broomcorn were greatly interested In 
broomcorn standards demonstrations re- 
cently conducted at Portales, Melrose, 
and Tucumcari, points in those States, 
by G. B. Alguire, a marketing specialist 
of the hay, feed, and seed division of the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics with 
station at Kansas City. The Portales 
Producers Association paid the expenses 
of the bureau specialist in making the 
demonstrations there, and members of 
the association expressed themselves as 
more than repaid for the expenditure. 
Indications are that all three of these 
points will ask for inspectors and demon- 
strations again next year. 


To aid in the suppression of the seri- 
ous contagious disease variously known 
as scabies, scab, and mange, the Bureau 
of Animal Industry has issued a poster 
on the subject. Enlarged illustrations 
of scab mites show the various forms 
which attack sheep, swine, and horses. 
The poster shows also a typical advanced 
case of a scabby sheep and also a calf 
affected with scabies. Urging stock 
owners to isolate and report suspected 
cases to the nearest veterinarian, the 
poster explains that the disease can be 
eradicated by dipping in lime-sulphur or 
nicotine solution. Copies of the poster 
may be obtained from the bureau, Wash- 
ington, upon request. 

Cold-storage holdings of creamery but- 
ter and poultry were smaller on Feb- 
ruary 1 this year than on the same date 
a year ago, and the holdings of cheese, 
eggs, apples, meat, and lard were larger, 
reports the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 


Badion station WAPI, Birmingham, 
Ala., inaugurated a market-news broad- 
casting service February 4, at which time 
a message of greeting from Secretary 
Jardine was read. The leased wire of 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics has 
been extended to Montgomery in order 
to make market news available for distri- 
bution from this station. Station WAPI 
is used by the Alabama State Department 
of Agriculture and Industries and Ala- 
bama Polytechnic Institute for the broad- 
casting of agricultural information and 
market news. Remote control from Au- 
burn and Montgomery connects the col- 
lege and the State department with the 
station at Birmingham. The market- 
news work and the leased wire terminal 
of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics 
at Montgomery are under the direction 
of H. C. Smith, former employee of this 
department. W. H. Binkley, formerly in 
the employ of the hay, feed, and seed 
division of the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, at Kansas City, is in imme- 
diate charge of the broadcasting. The 
State Department of Agriculture and In- 
dustries maintains a market-news re- 
porter in Birmingham, who collects and 
distributes the Birmingham reports to 
the newspapers and broadcasts directly 
through station WAPI. This contact 
gives the South another important radio 
broadcasting point, and will send the bu- 
reau's information into that region much 
more effectively than has been possible 
previously. J. C. Gilbert, associate mar- 
keting specialist of the division of eco- 
nomic information of the bureau, assisted 
the local people in working out the 


In the year ending December 31, 192S, 
says the Bureau of Public Roads, 9,753 
miles of highway in the 48 States and 
Hawaii were improved under Federal 
aid by the State and Territorial high- 
way departments in cooperation with 
the bureau. Of the total, 7,625 miles 
bad not previously been improved with 
Federal aid. The'rest of the total, 2.12S 
miles, had already been improved and 
was brought to higher stages of improve- 
ment during the year. This total 
brought the grand total of improved 
Federal-aid mileage to 76.075, as of last 
December 31. In the Federal-aid sys- 
tem of highways there are 1SS.017 miles. 
At the end of December 9.216 miles of 
Federal-aid roads were in course of im- 
provement, and 1,597 miles stood ap- 
proved for improvement. 


The import duties on unshelled and 
shelled peanuts have been increased by 
proclamation of President Coolidge dated 
January 19. The duty on peanuts not 
shelled is increased from 3 to 4% cents 
a pound, and that on shelled peanuts 
from 4 to 6 cents a pound. The increases 
were proclaimed under the revenue act 
of September 21. 1922. China has been 
the principal source from which peanuts 
imported into this country have been 



Circular of the Office of Personnel and Business 

Accounting for Retiremeat-Fund Deductions 

P. B. A. Circular No. 113 — February 5, 
1919. — In the procedure prescribed in Gen- 
eral Regulations No. 54, Supplement No. 2, of 
the General Accounting Office, there are one 
or two features as to which it is believed 
that supplemental instructions will prove 
useful. These are taken up here in the order 
of their appearance in the supplement. 

Sec. 6. — Since claims arising in the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture are certified to the dis- 
bursing clerk for issuance of check in lieu 
of payment through the Treasurer of the 
United States, the instruction in the last line 
of the paragraph may be disregarded and sal- 
ary claims involving retirement may be stated 
as heretofore, showing gross amount, retire- 
ment deduction, and net amount due. The 
disbursing clerk will take up the retirement 
deduction from the certificate of settlement as 
in case of salary vouchers. 

Sec. 8-1 (a). — Where error occurs at the 
end of fiscal year and the adjustment is to 
be made in the fiscal year following the nec- 
essary appropriation transfer vouchers to ad- 
just funds should not be overlooked, in addi- 
tion to the adjustment entries to be made on 
the payroll. 

Sec. 8-1 (b). — The procedure will offer no 
difficulty where the correction is made, on a 
pay roll ; where made, however, on a single 
voucher, as will sometimes be required, it 
may happen that there is no gross amount 
due to be certified, the sole purpose of the 
voucher being to serve as the basis for issu- 
ance of check in payment of prior erroneous 

Sec. 8-1 (c). — The Comptroller General, 
in his letter to the Secretary of Agriculture 
(A-12269, January 8, 1929), sajs : 

" It is admittedly practicable, however, to 
secure the same result (as that obtained in 
using par. 8-1 (c) through the application 
of par. 8-1 (b)), and should it be found that 
the method prescribed therein more conven- 
iently meets the accounting requirements of 
your department there will be no objection to 
its use." 

Since the method indicated in 8-1 (c) 
would require, in addition to the procedure 
therein outlined, the subtraction from the 
total gross amount earned of the erroneous 
retirement deduction added to the gross 
amount earned by the employee for the 
month in which correction is made, it is 
deemed desirable, pursuant to the Comptroller 
General's authorization above quoted to ignore 
par. 8-1 (c) altogether, and to handle the 
transactions designed to be dealt with by 
that paragraph in the manner indicated in 
par. 8-1 (b). 

Par. 8-II (a). — The requirement is that 
the instances arising under this paragraph 
" be immediately reported to the Claims Divi- 
sion. General Accounting Office, for adjust- 
ment of appropriations and the retirement 
fund." In order that there may be uniform 
clearance for such cases, bureaus are requested 
to report any discovered need of retirement- 
deduction adjustment in the account of an 
employee no longer paid by a disbursing of- 
ficer of this department to the Chief Person- 
nel Office of the department through which 
the case will be referred to the General Ac- 
counting Office. 

The paragraph is not interpreted as re- 
quiring that all retirement adjustments with- 
out exception pertaining to employees no 
longer paid by a disbursing officer of the 
department must be referred to the General 
Accounting Office. Those which may be read- 
ily and promptly adjusted through a disburs- 
ing officer's account, such as overpayments 
or underpayments, may be handled by the 
methods indicated in the supplement. 

General Regulations No. 54, Supplement 2, 
do not prescribe procedure for handling re- 
tirement adjustments in connection with col- 
lections of salary overpayments or cancella- 
tion of salary checks, but, by inference, the 
regulations discontinue the use of the retire- 
ment adjustment schedule previously used by 
the disbursing clerk to effect such adjust- 
ments. To meet this situation, when a col- 
lection of a salary overpayment is scheduled 
on Form 1044, or a written request is made 
on the disbursing clerk to cancel a salary 
check necessitating a retirement adjustment, 
hereafter, such schedule or written request 

should be accompanied by a transfer voucher 
charging the retirement amount involved to 
" 4T316 — Civil Service Retirement and Dis- 
ability Fund " and crediting the appropriation 
against which the retirement deduction was 
erroneously charged. But adjustment of 
transactions in the accounts of fiscal agents 
of the Forest Service will continue to be 
made by face entries on the List of Deduc- 

— W. A. Jump, Acting Director. 


Dennis J. Daley,* senior lay inspector, 
Bureau of Animal Industry, was retired 
February 1 on account of age, at the age of 
64. He was appointed in this department 
September, 1906, serving continuously as a 
meat and lay inspector until retirement. He 
served in the department for a period of 22 
years and 4 months. 

Charles W. Reed, assistant clerk, Bureau 
of Plant Industry, was retired February 3 
on account of age, at the age of 70. He was 
appointed in the Quartermaster General's 
Office, War Department, November, 1893, 
being employed until August, 1907, when he 
resigned to accept employment in this de- 
partment. He entered on duty in this depart- 
ment August 6, 1907, as a clerk, serving 
continuously until retirement. He served the 
Government for a period of '25 years and 2 

Henry L. Taylor, forest ranger, Forest 
Service, was retired May 1, 1928, on account 
of disability, at the age of 51. He enlisted 
in the Fifth Cavalry in 1899 and was dis- 
charged in 1902. In 1904 he enlisted in the 
First Cavalry, serving until 1907 when he 
was discharged. In May, 1908, he was ap- 
pointed in this department as a ranger, serv- 
ing continuously until retirement. He served 
the Government for a period of 22 years and 
11 months. 

Edmund W. Ward,* senior lay inspector, 
Bureau of Animal Industry, was retired De- 
cember 31, 1928, on account of age, at the 
age of 63. He was appointed in this depart- 
ment as a meat and lay inspector September, 
1906, serving continuously until retirement. 
He served the Government for a period of 
22 years and 3 months. 

* [These employees were in the group re- 
tiring at the age of 62 years on account of 
occupations being hazardous, requiring great 
physical effort, or necessitating exposure to 
severe heat and cold.] 



Arkansas. — Raybon Sullivant, who has been 
engaged in pink-bollworm control, has been 
appointed county agent in Poinsett County, 
to succeed H. S. Hinson, who has been trans- 
ferred to Cleveland County to take the place 
of Don Matheson, who resigned to accept a 
similar position in North Carolina. Travis 
Hall, county agent in Ashley County, has 
been transferred to Dallas County to succeed 
M. R. Warner, who resigned to manage a fer- 
tilizer plant. W. H. Colman, county agent in 
Fulton County, has been transferred to Law- 
rence County, and has been succeeded by C. F. 
Niven. O. G. McCarroll has been transferred 
to St. Francis County as county agent to 
succeed O. E. Baker, who has gone back to 
farming. Paul Carruth, assistant county 
agent in Pulaski County, has been appointed 
county agent in Ouachita County to succeed 
D. S. Thomason, resigned to take up farming. 
G. D. Cowsert, formerly vocational agricul- 
tural teacher, has been appointed assistant 
county agent in Pulaski County. Paul Naylor, 
Missouri Extension Service staff, has been ap- 
pointed as extension lecturer for six months. 
Lucy Embrey, formerly home-demonstration 
agent in Mississippi, has been appointed to 
this position in Ashley County to succeed 
Ethel Owen, who resigned to take work in 
Cornell University. Mary Boothe has been 
appointed home-demonstration agent in Cleve- 
land County to succeed Alice Carter, who 
resigned to accept a similar position in North 
Carolina. Jenny Betts, home-demonstration 
agent in Johnson County, has been trans- 
ferred to Dallas County. A. H. Prince, 
county agent in Arkansas County, and A. H. 
Hermance, county agent in Carroll County, 
have resigned. Pearl Finlay has been trans- 
ferred to Polk County as home-demonstration 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for the Broadcast Week 
Beginning Monday, March 4. 

The department's noonday network pro- 
gram is broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m. 
eastern standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. in. 
central standard time ; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m. 
mountain standard time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Company: KFKX, Chi- 
cago; KDKA, Pittsburgh; KSTP, St. 
Paul-Minneapolis ; WOW, Omaha; 
WDAF, Kansas City; KWK, St. Louis; 
KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI, San Antonio; 
WSM, Nashville; WSB, Atlanta; KOA, 
Denver; WMC, Memphis; WRC, Wash- 
ington; WFAA, Dallas; WHAS, Louis- 
ville; and WOC, Davenport. 

Monday, March 4 

No program, on account of the inauguration 
of Herbert Hoover as President of the United 

Tuesday, March 5 

Why Storage op Eggs Helps Producers.' — 
Gordon Sprague, associate economist, division 
of cooperative marketing, Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

Grow Healthy Chicks.- — H. L. Shrader, 
extension poultry husbandman, Bureau of Ani- 
mal Industry. 

Wednesday, March 6 

The Federal Produce-agency Act. — W. L. 
Evans, associate marketing specialist, division 
of fruits and vegetables, Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

Big Values in Small Packages ; Concen- 
trated Fertilizers. — Dr. W. H. Ross, senior 
chemist, fertilizer investigations, Bureau of 
Chemistry and Soils. 

Thursday, March 7 

Farm or Forest? — Millard Peck, senior 

economist, division of land economics, Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics. 

SpnrNG Work in the Farm Wood Lot. — 

W. R. Mattoon, extension forester, Forest 

Friday, March 8 

The Early Vegetable Situation. — W. A. 
Sherman, principal marketing specialist, in 
charge of the division of fruits and vegetables. 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Controlling Tomato Wilt. — F. J. Prit- 
chard, senior physiologist, office of vegetable 
and forage diseases, Bureau of Plant Industry. 

agent. Geraldine Orrell has resigned as 
home-demonstration agent in Monroe County. 

Missouri. — John H. Rush has been appointed 
county agent in Chariton County, and J. U. 
Morris in Grundy County. Paul B. Naylor, 
State extension agent, has been granted leave 
of absence until May 31, 1929. 

Tennessee. — Ida M. Zumstein, teacher of 
home economics, has been appointed home- 
demonstration agent in Roane County to suc- 
ceed Glenn McClellan, resigned, to become 
home demonstration agent in Maury County. 

The Official Record has a column which 
runs under the head " New Ideas and Dis- 
coveries." The purpose of this column is to 
give publication to the new things in science, 
administration, and invention, which are 
found, conceived, or developed by the people 
of the department. The column is open to the 
entire staff of the department for contribu- 
tion to it. The principal requirement is that 
the subject matter be presented from the point 
of view that the chemist, the entomologist, 
the administrator, the economist, the geneti- 
cist, et al., are largely laymen to one another 
outside their particular subject-matter spe- 


cellaaeous Publication 39-M.) Prepared by the 

Rocky Mountain District of the Forest Serv- 
ice. P. 13, figs. January, 1929. 

The Forest Service regards this forest as 
a large diversified farm the main products of 
which are timber and forage crops. With a 
net area of 1.135,764 acres, this forest con- 
tains some 2.000,000.000 feet of standing tim- 
ber, and provides grazing annually for 200,- 
000 head of sheep. It has 600 miles of fish- 
ing streams, and 150 miles of roads and 
1,200 miles of trails. Although the annual 
timber growth now amounts to about 20,000,- 
000 feet, present local demand for lumber has 
not warranted harvesting the full annual 
crop, and most of the accumulation is being 
" stored on the stump." Watershed protection 
is also one of the primary considerations in 
the administration of the forest, as the wel- 
fare of a large territory in the southwestern 
United States is dependent upon the waters 
of the Rio Grande. The resources of the 
forest, and the administrative policies of the 
Forest Service, in regard to the forest, are 
described. A description of the trees found 
on the forest is included. 

cular 50-C.) By Charlotte Chatfield, asso- 
ciate specialist in foods and nutrition, and 
Laura I. McLaughlin, formerly nutrition 
chemist, division of foods and nutrition. 
Bureau of Home Economics. P. 20. De- 
cember 1928. 

This is a compilation of analyses giving 
new average figures for 67 kinds and varieties 
of fresh fruits and 31 fresh fruit juices. It 
is a revision and expansion of one section of 
Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 28, 
" The Chemical Composition of American 
Food Materials," issued by Atwater and Bry- 
ant 30 years ago and still used as the main 
source for such data. The new tables include 
many fruits not in the Atwater tables, and, it 
is believed, they more nearly represent the 
chemical composition of fruits now grown 
and marketed than does any extensive list of 
analyses heretofore published. For each fruit, 
protein, fat, ash, carbohydrates, and acid (as 
malic or citric) are given in the percentages 
found in the edible portion of each fruit. 
Calorie value is given per 100 grams and per 
pound. Wherever possible, the percentage of 
refuse in the fruit as purchased has been defi- 
nitely labeled as skin, seeds, or other inedible 
portion. This exactness is of great value to 
doctors and dietitians using these tables in 
calculating strict diets. Such figures are also 
indispensable to economists in estimating nu- 
tritive value in foodconsumption studies, and 
to producers and consumers who wish exact 
knowledge of fruits grown and eaten. 

BORER IN AMERICA. (Technical Bulletin 98-T.) 
By D. W. Jones, associate entomologist, di- 
vision of cereal and forage insects, Bureau 
of Entomology. P. 28, figs. January 1929. 
Reports on the organization and status to 
date of the work performed by the Bureau 
of Entomology since 1919 in the study, col- 
lection, and shipment from Europe of the 
more important introduced parasites of the 
European corn borer. There is discussion of 
the reasons for the introduction of parasites, 
the organization of the corn-borer-parasite 
project, and of 10 of the more important para- 
sites ; other species are briefly discussed : and 
consideration is given to laboratory breeding 
methods and the present state of the work 
with Exeristes and Microbracon. Detailed in- 
formation in tabular form is presented on the 
importation, liberation, and recovery of the 
parasites. It is pointed out that many fac- 
tors are present which are not apparent with- 
out the careful study which influences the 
selection and placing of the different species. 
The bulletin is suitable for distribution to all 
technical workers interested in insect para- 

(Circular 49-C.) By P. FI. Dorsett, agricul- 
tural explorer, and J. H. Dorsett, collabo- 
rator, office of foreign plant introduction, 
Bureau of Plant Industrv. P. 12, figs. 
November 1928. 

A popular publication intended primarily to 
furnish information on the culture and storage 
of the oriental persimmon in northern China, 

to present and prospective growers of these 
persimmons in the Southern and Pacific Coast 
States. It is believed that this information 
will be of value in aiding and establishing 
the persimmon industry in the United States. 

No. 12, December 15, 1928, il. January 
Contexts : 

Comparison of conformation, anatomy, and 
skeletal structure of a highly specialized 
dairy cow and a highly specialized beef 
cow. W. W. Swett, R. R. Graves, and 
F. W. Miller. 

The usefulness of capillary potential to soil- 
moisture and plant investigators. Lorenzo 
A. Richards. 

A study of the effect of surgical shock on in- 
sects. William Robinson. 

Determination of the natural undercooling and 
freezing points in insects. William Robin- 


(Mimeographed.) Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Summarizes the progress by States and 
counties up to January 1. 1929, and gives a 
list of publications which county agents and 
livestock owners may obtain on the subject 
of improvement of livestock. The better-sires 
educational program has been in progress 
nearly 10 years, and it has had great effect 
in drawing attention to the utility values in- 
volved in the breeding-up of livestock. More 
than 17,000 owners of livestock are now 
participating in the work, and the campaign 1 
has effectuated the use of better sires in all 
classes of livestock. 

J. A. Machlis, in charge, and G. A: Larson, 
South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion. P. 1095-1121, figs., maps. (No. 33, 
Series 1923.) 

February 1929. 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C., has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the 
department's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

Report of the Alaska Agricultural Experi- 
ment Stations, 1927. H. W. Alberts. 40 
p., 19 figs. Sitka. 
The effect of topping and suckering on 
Havana seed tobacco, being a report of the 
Tobacco Sub-Station at Windsor. N. T. 
Nelson. (Connecticut State Sta. Bui. 297, 
p. 99-110, 1 fig. Nov. 1928.) New Haven. 
Report of the Director for the year ending 
October 31, 1928. W. L. Slate. (Con- 
necticut State Sta. Bui. 298, p. 115-139. 
11 figs. Dec. 1928.) New Haven. 
Variety tests of white potatoes. L. O. Gratz. 
(Florida Sta. Bui. 201, p. 303-316. Nov. 
1928.) Gainesville. 
Chemical sterilization of dairy utensils on the 
farm and in the dairy plant. M. J. 
Prucha. (Illinois Sta. Circ. 332, 11 p., 7 
figs. [1928.]) Urbana. 
A nutrition investigation of negTO tenants in 
the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. D. Dickins. 
(Mississippi Sta. Bui. 254. 52 p., 16 figs. 
Aug. 1928.) A. and M. College. 
Food and health. D. Dickins. (Mississippi 
Sta. Bui. 255. 20 p., 5 figs. July 192S.) 
A. and M. College. 

Sheep production in Mississippi. H. H. 

Leveck and D. S. Buchanan. (Mississippi 

Sta. Bui. 260. 36 p., 16 figs. Sept. 1928.) 

A. and M. College. 
Corn seed treatment experiments. H. H. 

Wedgworth et al. (Mississippi Sta. Circ. 

81, 3 p., 1 fig. Dec. 1928.) A. and M. 

Cotton varieties. J. F. O'Kellv and W. W. 

Hull. (Mississippi Sta. Circ. 82, 6 p. Dec. 

1928.) A. and M. College. 
Commercial fertilizers. 1929 edition. R. H. 

Robinson, C. F. Whitaker, and D. E. Bullis. 

(Oregon Sta. Circ. 87, 24 p. Jan. 1929.) 

Report of the Porto Rico Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station. 1927. D. W. May et al. 31 

p.. 6 figs. Mayaguez. 
Inherited epithelial defects in cattle. F. B. 

Hadley and L. J. Cole. (Wisconsin Sta. 

Res. Bui. 86, 35 p., 12 figs. June 1928.) 

Thirty-eighth annual report of the University 

of Wvoniing Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion, 1927-2S. J. A. Hill et al. p. 135-171. 




Hepburn. John. Crop production, poisoned 
food and public health. London, C. Lock- 
wood, 1925. 

Stapledon, R. G. A tour in Australia and 
New Zealand ; grass land and other studies. 
London, Milford. 1928. 


Atkeson. T. C. Outlines of grange history. 
Washington, National farm news, 1928. 


Carlos. A. S. Feeding stuffs. London, Chap- 
man & Hall. 1928. 

Ellis. H. B. Training the young horse, Cal- 
cutta. Tbacker, Spink. 1928. 

International directory of pedigree stock 
breeders, comp. and ed. by R. de Toll. 
192S-1929. London. Vernon press, 1928. 

Meek, M. W. The standard of perfection for 
American domestic rabbits. Los Angeles, 
Calif. American rabbit association, 192S. 

Morrison. Robert. The individuality of the 
pig. New York. Dutton, 1928. 

Moussu. Gustav. and Moussu, R. Traite" des 
maladies du gros betail. Ed. 5. Paris, 
Vigot. 1928. 

Sanders, A. H. A history of Aberdeen-Angus 
cattle. Chicago, New Breeder's gazette, 


Root, A. I. The ABC & XYZ of bee culture. 
Medina, Ohio, A. I. Root Co., 1929. 


Allen, N. B. Our cereal grains. Boston, 

Ginn, 1928. 
Cox. J. F.. and Megee, C. R. Alfalfa. New 

York, Wiley, 1928. 


Widtsoe, J. A. Success on irrigation projects. 
New York, Wiley, 1928. 

Rouberty, J. Manuel de sucrerie. Paris, 
Bailliere. 1922. (Bibliothc-que profe^sion- 
nelle, pub. sous la direction de M. R. 

South African sugar association. The Natal 
sugar industry. Durban, Singleton, Wil- 
liams, printers, 1924. 


Provasi. Tiziano. Elementi di parassitologia 
e terapia agraria. Livorno, Giusti. 1928. 
Part 1. 


Cameron. Jenks. The development of gov- 
ernmental forest control in the United 
States. Baltimore. Johns Hopkins press, 
1928. (Institute for government research. 
Studies in administration.) 

Stebbing, E. 1'. The forestry question in Great 
Britain. London. Lane, 1928. 

Unwin, A. H. Goat-grazing and forestry in 
Cyprus. London, C. Lockwood, 1928. 


Yard. R. S. Our federal lands. New York, 
Scribner, 1928. 


Bradley, Harold, and Hancock. C. C. Modern 
roadmakiug with special reference to mate- 


rials and plant. Ed. 2. London, Contrac- 
tors record. 1928. 
Latham, Ernest. Marine works. Ed. 2. 
London, C. Lockwood, 1926. 


Den Dooven, K. C. The modern cook hook. 

Boston. Colonial press, 1928. 
Plimmer, R. H. A., and Plimmer, V. G. Food. 

health, vitamines. London, Longmans. 

Green, 1928. 
Zaiss, Wilhelm. Der wert des honigs. Heil- 

igkreuzsteinach bei Heidelberg, Yerfasser, 



Eynon, Lewis, and Lane, J. H. Starch. 
Cambridge. Eng., Heffer, 1928. 

Steel, Matthew. Physical chemistry and bio- 
physics for students of biology and medi- 
cine. New York, Wiley, 1928. 

Weber, G. A. The Bureau of chemistry and 
soils. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins press, 
1928. (Institute for government research. 
Service monographs of the United States 
government, no. 52) 


Gellhorn, Ernst. Das permeabilitatsproblem. 
Berlin, Springer, 1929. (Monographien aus 
dem gesamtgebiet der physiologie der pflan- 
zen und der tiere, hrsg. von M. Gildemeis- 
ter. v. 16) 

Pearse, A. S., and Hall, P. G. Homoio- 
thermism. The origin of warm-blooded ver- 
tebrates. New York, Wiley, 1928. 


Clements, F. E. Plant succession and indi- 
cators. New York, Wilson, 1928. 

Fisk, E. L., and Addoms, R. M. A labora- 
tory manual of general botany. New York 
Macmillan, 1928. 

King. L. Y., and Fothergill, John. The gar- 
dener s colour book. New York, Knopf, 

Lectures on plant pathology and physiology 
in relation to man, given at the Mavo 
foundation 1926-1927. Philadelphia, 

Saunders, 1928. ' 

Maddox, Frank. Agricultural experiments 
and results and discoveries of diseases in 
wheat. Sydney, Shipping newspapers, 192S 

Rosenvinge, J. LA. K, and Warming Eug. 
The botany of Iceland, v. 2, pt 2 Cooen- 
hagen, J. Frimodt, 1928. P P 


Da r g ^' E -r$- The b00k of S ar(j ™ animals. 

London, Chapman and Hall, 1928 
Engelmann, Fritz. Die raubvogel ' Europas 

Neudamm, Neumann, 1928 
Indian zoological memoirs on Indian animal 

types, v. 1. Lucknow, 1926 

vpjff£ PT e r^ ity - Memoirs of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan museums, v 1 Ann 
Arbor, 1928. 

Mission Rohan-Chabot, 1912-1914. Angola 
et Rhodesia, t. 4, fasc. 3. Paris, Im'pri- 
mene nationale, 1925 

Wolcott. G. N^ Entomologie d'Haiti. Port- 
al ; <- n 5 Ce ',. S& T fic ^ technique du Departe- 
ment de 1 agriculture et de I'enseignement 
professionnel, 1927. rasueuiem 


Arizona. Dept. of vocational education. Co- 
operative marketing. Phoenix, 1926. 

Coyle, G. L. Jobs and marriage. New York 
Woman s press, 1928. ' 

Erdman, H^ E American produce markets. 
Boston, Heath, 1928. 

International institute of agriculture. As- 
semble generale. L'activite de l'lnstitut 
international d'agriculture. Rome 1928 
part 2. ~ ' 

Kirkpatrick, E. L. The farmer's standard of 
living. New York, Century, 1929. 

New England research council on marketing 
and food supply. Report. Boston, 1928. 

Palacios, J. M. Divulgaciones t(5cnico-agri- 
colas y agro-sociales. Gijon, Tipografia 
Palacio. 1923. 

Ragatz, L. J. Statistics for the study of 
British Caribbean economic history, 1763- 
1833. London, Edwards, 1927. 


West, C. J. Bibliography of pulp and paper 
making, 1900-1928. New York, Lockwood, 
trade journal, 1929. 


Florida, Dept. of agriculture. Bulletin n. s. 

no. 1- July. 1928- Tallahassee. 
Germany. Reichskuratorium f. technik in der 

landwirtschaft. RKTL-berichte. monthly. 

jahrg. 1, nr. 1- April, 1928- Berlin. 

Articles and Written Addresses By 

Department People in Outside 


Animal Industry 

Haskett, Bert. — The history and present 
status of the sheep industry in Arizona. 
Arizona Republican. January 27, 1929. 

Biological Survey 

Earnshaw, Frank L. — Department of game 
and fish laws — Elastic game laws. Field 
and Stream, vol. 33, No. 10, p. 112-114, 
February 1929. 

McAtee, W. L. — Madon's " Les Corvides 
d'Europe " (review) ; Further on birds in 
the ecology of Spitzbergen ; St. Clair- 
Thompson on " The Protection of Wood- 
lands." The Auk, vol. 46, No. 1, p. 139- 
145. January 1929. 

Murie, Olaus J. — Nesting of the snowy owl. 
The Condor, vol. 31, No. 1, p. 3-12, illus. 
January-February 1929. 

Redington, Paul G. — Conservation of wild life 
in Alaska fostered by Game Commission 
and Biological Survey ; Development of 
reindeer industry fostered in Alaska through 
work of Biological Survev. United States 
Daily, vol. 3, Nos. 273 and 274, p. 9 and 9, 
respectively. January 24 and 25, 1929. 

Stoddard, Herbert L.— Progress of the coop- 
erative quail investigation. American Field, 
vol. Ill, No. 3, p. 59-60. January 1929. 


Bap.ber, H. S. — A new Bolivian silvanid beetle 
from the Myrmecodomatia of Cordia. 
Psyche, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 167-168, Septem- 
ber 1928. 

Craighead, F. C. — Interrelation of tree-killing 
barkbeetles (Dendroctonus) and blue stains. 
Journal of Forestry, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 886- 
887. November 1928. 

Douglass, J. R. — Chrysomelidae of Kansas 
(1). Journal of the Kansas Entomological 
Society, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 2—15, January 

Fisher, W. S. — A revision of the North Amer- 
ican species of buprestid beetles belonging 
to the genus Agrilus. Washington, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, 1928. 347 pp. 11 pi. 
241/j cm. (United States National Museum 
Bulletin 145). 

Gahan, A. B. — Some reared parasitic Hymen- 
optera from the Sudan. Bulletin of Ento- 
mological Research, vol. 19, pt. 3, pp. 255— 
257, December 1928. 

Hambleton, J. I. — The German attitude to- 
wards overheated honey. American Bee 
Juornal, vol. 69, no. 2, p. 77, February 1929. 

Sterilizing diseased combs. Cleanings 

in Bee Culture, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 781-783, 
December 1928. 

Howard, L. 0. — Man's rival in a struggle to. 
survive. The older and better-equipped race 
of insects offers a challenge to the supre- 
macy of the human species. The New York 
Times Magazine, Sunday, January 20, 1929, 
Section 5, p. 12, 22. 

Snyder, T. E. — All in the life of a termite. 
About the friends and foes of white ants. 
Nature Magazine, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 84-87, 
illus., February 1929. 

Sturtevant, A. P. — The Fourth International 
Congress of Entomology. The American 
Honey Producer, vol. 2, no. 10. pp. 252-253, 
October-November 1928. 

Forest Service 

Billingslea, J. H. — Forestry versus game. 
Western Out-of-Doors, v. 5, no. 10, p. 7-20, 
December 1928. 

Bray, M. W. — Chemistry of the alkaline pulp 
processes, 2. Paper Trade Journal, v. 87, 
no. 23, p. 64-70, December 0, 1928. 

Cary, A. — The hardwood problem of the 
northeast. Journal of Forestry, v. 26, no. 
7, p. 865-870, November 192S. 

Demmon, E. L. — Reforestation as related to 
Louisiana's development. Southern Lum- 
berman, no. 1737, p. 38, January 12, 1929. 

Hdintzleman, B. F. — Large paper making 
projects in view. Cordova Daily Times, 
All-Alaska Review for 1928, p. 12-13, 
December 15, 1928. 

Higgins. J. — Effect of density on seedling 
development. Journal of Forestry, v. 26, 
no. 7, p. 909-912, November 1928. 

Heritage, C. C. — The relation of the work 
of the U. S. Forest Products Laboratory to 
the pulp and paper industry. Pacific Pulp 
and Paper Industry, v. 2, no. 13, p. 36-37, 
60-62. December 1928. 

Ingram, D. C. — Historical backgrounds of 
some of our northwestern plants. Mazama, 
v. 10, p. 57, December 1928. 

Perkins, C. L. — The Monongahela national 
forest. West Virginia Wild Life, v. 7, no. 
1, p. 5-7, 18-19, 32. January 1929. 

Schreck, R. G. — Seedlings versus transplants 
on the Michigan sand plains. Journal of 
Forestry, v. 26, no. 7, p. 906-908, Novem- 
ber 1928. 

Plant Industry 

Ball, C. R. — Progress and needs in the im- 
provement of hard red winter wheats by 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture. Hard. 
Red Winter Wheat Research Conference Re- 
port. 1, p. 20-29. 1928. (Mimeoaraphed.) 

Clakk, C. F. — Some instances of bud mutation 
in the potato. Potato Association America 
Proceedings, vol. 14, p. 35-38. 1927. 

Edmundson, W. C. — Strains of seed potatoes. 
Potato Association America Proceedings, 
vol. 14, p. 49-51. 1927. 

Fairchild, D. — Popularizing the dasheen. 
Journal Heredity, vol. 20, p. 46. January 

Gaines, E. F. — Inheritance of growth habit in 
winter and spring wheat hybrids. North- 
west Science, vol. 2, p. 59-63. June 1928. 

Kearney, T. H. — Plants of lower California 
relationship in central Arizona. Journal 
Washington Academy Sciences, vol. 19, p. 
70-71. February 4. 1929. 

Lombard, P. M. — Old vs. fresh cut potato 
sets. Potato Association America Proceed- 
ings, vol. 14, p. 57-65. Illus. 1927 

Peacock, W. M.. and Wright, R. C. — In- 
fluences of different storage temperatures 
on dormant seed potatoes. Potato Asso- 
ciation America Proceedings, vol. 14, p. 
126-130. Illus. 1927. 

Stuart, W. — Report of the research commit- 
tee. Potato Association America Proceed- 
ings, vol. 14, p. 200-206. 1927. 

Weiss, F. — A summary of the important con- 
tributions to potato pathology which have 
appeared in foreign periodical literature in 
the past year. Potato Association America 
Proceedings, vol. 14, p. 215, 218-225. 1927. 

Wright, R. O, and Peacock, W. M. — The 
storage of cut seed potatoes. Potato Asso- 
ciation America Proceedings, vol. 14, p. 
131-136. illus. 1927^ 

Weight, R. C., and Peacock, W. M. — The 
storage of potatos immediately after har- 
vest. Potato Association America Proceed- 
ings, vol. 14, p. 122-125. illus. 1927. 

Puhlic Roads 

Gemeny, A. L.. and Hunter, W. F. — Loading 
tests on a reinforced concrete arch. Pub- 
lic Roads, December 1928, vol. 9, no. 10, p. 

Harrison, J. L. — How shall the highwav con- 
tractor handle "Extras"? Good Roads, 
January 1929, vol. 72, no. 1. p. 21-25. 

Hathaway, E. O. — What assistance may 
South Dakota expect from the Bureau o'f 
Public Roads in the future. South Dakota 
Highwav Magazine, January 1929, vol. 3, 
no. 12, p. 5-6. 

Hewes, L. I. — California contribution to 
highway building lauded by U. S. Engineer. 
California Highways and Public Works, 
December-November 1928. p. 12-13. 27. 

Jackson, E. H.. and Werner, George. — Field 
experiments in curing of concrete. The 
New Zealand Engineer, December 15, 1928, 
vol. 5, no. 9, p. 309-311. 

James, E. W. — The engineer's part in making 
the nighway safe. Discussion. Proceedings 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 
January 1929, vol. 55, no. 1, pt. 1, p. 259- 

Road capacity decreases as auto speed 

increases. Engineering News-Record, De- 
cember 27, 1928, vol. 101, no. 26, p. 964- 

Jarvis, C. S. — Hydraulic studies and operat- 
ing results on the Miami flood control sys- 
tem. Discussion. Proceedings of the Amer- 
ican Societv of Civil Engineers. January 
1929. vol. 55. no. 1, pt. 1, p. 186-187. 

Ladd. G. E. — Landslides — Causes and cures. 
Pure Iron Era. 4th issue, p. 14—15. 1928. 

Stopping landslides on highway fills. 

Abstract of a report. Contractors and En- 
gineers Monthly, January 1929, vol. 18, no. 
1. p. 15-21. 

MacDonald, T. H. — New developments in low 
cost road building. Earth Mover, January 
1929, vol. 16. no. 1, p. 13-14. 

Our present road system. How it was 

created and how it grew. Engineering 
News-Record, January 3, 1929, vol. 102, 
no. 1, p. 4-7. 

Effect of 6-wheel vehicles on highway 

design. S. A. E. Journal, January 1929, 
vol. 24, no. 1, p. 41-44. 

The job of the Bureau of Roads. Ce- 
ment, mill and quarry, January 1929, vol. 
34, no. 1, p. 90-91. 


Illinois Convention Picks Up 

Radio Address From Washington 

Arrangements made by the secretary 
of the Illinois State Farmers' Elevator 
Association for a receiving set connecting 
up with the noon-hour United States 
Department of Agriculture broadcast of 
the National Broadcasting Co. on Feb- 
ruary 6 afforded J. F. Booth, senior agri- 
cultural economist, of the division of 
cooperative marketing, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics, an opportunity to 
address from Washington the annual 
convention of that association at Joliet, 
HI. Elevator managers and directors 
from all parts of the State attended the 
meeting. This is the first time that any 
of the men of the bureau have addressed 
a meeting at long range, and it indi- 
cates possibilities for other representa- 
tives contributing information from 
Washington to various interests at group 
meetings in the States, says the bureau. 
The subject of Mr. Booth's address was 
'■ The Canadian Wheat Pools." 


A statement on the status of reindeer 
meat under the Federal meat inspection 
act, by a joint committee of the Depart- 
ment of the Interior and the Department 
of Agriculture on the reindeer industry 
of Alaska, was made public by the De- 
partment of Agriculture on February 8. 
The statement was prepared to make clear 
to State and municipal health officers, con- 
servation and game commissioners, and 
the general public, that reindeer are not 
included in the Federal meat inspection 
act, but may be received into the United 
States and be shipped interstate, and that 
when marked for identification they may 
be received and be handled in federally 
inspected plants. The statement was 
made for the joint committee by a sub- 
committee consisting of Paul G. Reding- 
ton, chief of the Bureau of Biological 
Survey, and Dr. J. R. Mohler, chief of 
the Bureau of Animal Industry of the 
Department of Agriculture; and Dr. 
William Hamilton, assistant chief of the 
Alaska division of the Bureau of Educa- 
tion. Department of the Interior. The 
statement follows : 

The reindeer industry of Alaska was in- 
itiated by the Federal Government in 1891 
and during the decade 1892-1902, 1.2S0 rein- 
deer were imported from Siberia. The herds 
now number more than 500,000 animals. 
Congress now appropriates money each year 
for the development of the industry, and this 
money is expended under the direction of the 
Bureau of Education, Department of the In- 
terior, and the Bureau of Biological Survey, 
Department of Agriculture. 

Alaska now maintains large herds of rein- 
deer, and reindeer meat and by-products are 
being shipped into the United States each 
year by the Bureau of Education and private 

Reindeer are not included in the Federal 
meat inspection act, but reindeer meat may 
be received into the United States and be 
shipped interstate and when marked for 
identification may be received and handled 
as such in federally inspected plants. It 
may also be used in the preparation of 
United States inspected and passed meat and 
meat food products when such articles are 
appropriately labeled. 

The Government has maintained experi- 
ment stations in Alaska and keeps in touch 
with the main herds of reindeer. No con- 
tagious disease has ever been encountered and 
no reason has appeared why the sale or use 

of reindeer meat should require Federal. 
State, or municipal health inspection for the 
detection of disease. However, State or 
municipal inspection may be appropriate to 
determine whether the reindeer meat may 
have become spoiled due to improper storage 
or handling. The reindeer has for many cen- 
turies been a domesticated animal and not 
subject to game laws. 


More than 500,000 foreign birds were 
imported into this country in 1928, a fig- 
ure never before attained, says the Bu- 
reau of Biological Survey. The bureau 
is charged with the supervision of all 
importations of foreign birds and some 
mammals, to prevent the introduction 
of injurious species and diseases. Cana- 
ries, as before, constitute the largest 
number of these bird immigrants, aver- 
aging more than 1,000 a day for 1928. 
Nearly two-thirds of all game birds im- 
ported have been Mexican quail. Nest to 
these stand pheasants, formerly a large 
item in the entries, but State game 
farms and private enterprises now sup- 
ply most of the stock for this country, 
and importations have fallen off consid- 

Permits issued in 1928 for importations 
of birds and mammals numbered 1,211, 
an increase of 144 over those of the pre- 
ceding year. Six additional permits were 
issued at Honolulu, Hawaii, for the entry 
of 53 miscellaneous birds. The total 
number of foreign birds imported was 
6S2.308, including 458.449 canaries, 56.307 
parrots, 84,915 quail, and 82,637 repre- 
sentatives of miscellaneous species. Per- 
mits were also issued for the entry of 
4,956 eggs of game birds, as against 
530 in 1927. These shipments were prin- 
cipally pheasant eggs from England. 
Eggs of ducks and grouse were also en- 
tered from Alberta, 

Aboutl one-third of all the known spe- 
cies of parrots have been brought in 
at various times for exhibition purposes, 
and, like canaries, the numbers have in- 
creased considerably since the World 
War. Very few parrots breed in captivi- 
ty in the United States, but some live for 
a number of years. The largest num- 
ber come from Australia and tropical 
America, especially Cuba, Panama, and 
Mexico. Cage birds still come from 
Mexico, but in smaller numbers, because 
the Mexican Government now requires 
export permits for cardinals, mocking 
birds, and certain other species, and au- 
thority for possession must also be ob- 
tained from the State to which they are 

On February 11, Dr. William John 
Cooper, superintendent of public instruc- 
tion of the State of California, was 
sworn in, at the Department of the In- 
terior in Washington, as commissioner of 
the Bureau of Education, Department of 
the Interior. He succeeds Dr. J. J. 
Tigert. Under the direction of Doctor 
Cooper the national survey of the land- 
grant colleges and universities of the 
United States, begun under Doctor 
Tigert's commissionership. will be contin- 
ued. This survey is of much interest to 
the Department of Agriculture for it is 
concerning itself with the fundamentals 
of these institutions of higher learning 
in agriculture. 



(Continued from page 1) 

ties ascertained by means of the soil- 
survey reports. Farmers desiring to 
plant tobacco were advised that these 
were soils on which bright tobacco had 
long been grown with success in Virginia 
and North Carolina. Trials were made 
on these soils, the crop succeeded, and 
now tobacco stands second in the value 
of crops produced in Georgia. 

A study of the maps and reports of the 
Soil Survey later disclosed large tracts 
of certain soils in the Piedmont section 
of Georgia, such as the Davidson and 
Cecil clay loams, which had been success- 
fully used : farther north, for the growing 
of alfalfa. This crop was tried on these 
types of soils. It succeeded, and is now 
spreading in a very important way over 
these red lands of the Piedmont area of 
Georgia. Doctor Soule states that the 
rapid success of these important crops 
in Georgia was due directly to the work 
of the Soil Survey, which had mapped 
and described the soils which were best 
adapted to these crops. 


One of the finest municipal airports 
on the southern border, located at Doug- 
las, Ariz., recently became infested with 
pocket gophers, which threw up more 
than 2.000 mounds of earth on the field, 
making the landing of planes difficult. 
The aviation committee of the city of 
Douglas requested the Bureau of Biologi- 
cal Survey to assist in clearing the field 
of the pocket gophers and provided a 
crew of men to place poison and traps. 
Three days' work under the supervision 
of D. A. Gilchrist, the bureau's leader 
of rodent control in Arizona, resulted in 
complete eradication. The southern 
border of the field is a segment of the 
international boundary line of the United 
States and Mexico. The Government of 
Mexico, it is reported, plans to develop 
a field immediately adjacent to the Doug- 
las port on the Mexican side to give 
aviation better facilities at this point. 


Jack rabbits eat food. How much do 
they eat? There are places in the United 
States where this question is of large 
economic importance, and Arizona is one 
of them. In Arizona the Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey has run some preliminary 
experiments to throw light on the ques- 
tion. In these experiments the average 
jack rabbit consumed 0.6S pound of green 
alfalfa hay per day. The Arizona Ex- 
periment Station says the average 120- 
pound ewe sheep consumes about 8 
pounds of green feed per day. On this 
basis, as few as 11. S jack rabbits consume 
as much green forage in a day as a sheep. 
A 750-pound cow eats about 40 pounds of 
green feed in a day. and 58.8 jack rabbits, 
taken together, eat as much as she does. 
In the experiments dry feed, alfalfa hay, 
also was fed to the rabbits. Only 14.2 
of such rabbits cat ;is much dry feed as 
the average 120-pound owe sheep, and 
only 71.4 of them eal as much dry feed as 
does the average 750-pound cow. 


United States 

of Agriculture 

Certificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, February 28, 1929 

No. 9 



Workers from Many Fields Join in Trib- 
ute to Seaman Knapp, Founder 
of Demonstration Work 

At Houston, Tex., February 5, 6, 7, 
and 8, more than 1,000 extension work- 
ers in agriculture and home economics 
from 22 States and the United States 
Department of Agriculture celebrated 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of the es- 
tablishment of farm demonstration work 
by the United States Department of Ag- 
riculture under the direction of Dr. 
Seaman A. Knapp. 

J. A. Evans, Assistant Chief of the 
Office of Copperative Extension Work of 
the department, Washington, D. C, in 
an address before a general session of 
extension workers and of delegates to 
other agricultural associations meeting 
at Houston at that time, paid a high 
tribute to the vision and ability of Doc- 
tor Knapp in putting on a practical 
working basis the remarkably effective 
farm demonstration method of bringing 
about agricultural improvement. 

As the representative of the group of 
pioneer agents who began under Doctor 
Knapp in 1904, Mr. Evans spoke on the 
first 10 years of demonstration work. 

Of Doctor Knapp he said, " We bore to 
him the relation of loving, dutiful sons 
to a respected and beloved father, 
rather than the purely official relation 
between a chief and his subordinates. 
Indeed, it was Doctor Knapp's kindly, 
sympathetic, human personality, as 
much as his sagacity and practical way 
of dealing with men and organizations, 
which contributed to the remarkable 
success which cooperative demonstration 
work with farmers and their families 
has attained." 

Mr. Evans then told the story of the 
development of demonstration work 
from 1904 to 1914, when it became a 
part of the national system of extension 
work in agriculture, and home economics 
now conducted cooperatively by the State 
agricultural colleges and the department. 

" Congress made an emergency appro- 
priation in December, 1903, of $250,000, to 
enable the Secretary of Agriculture to 
begin work to overcome the boll weevil," 
said Mr. Evans. 

" This was approved by President 
Roosevelt on January 15, 1904, and about 
$25,000 of the appropriation was assigned 
to Doctor Knapp to try out his plan of 
demonstrations in good farming as a way 
of relieving the distress. On January 25, 
1904, at the direction of Secretary James 
(Continued on page S) 
36699"— 29 


Mr. Evans, Assistant Chief of the Office of 
Cooperative Extension Work, United States 
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C, 
who was one of the earliest of the pioneers 
in farm-demonstration work, delivered one of 
the principal addresses at the big celebration 
at Houston, Tex., February 5-8, of the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the commencement 
of farm-demonstration work. Upon Dr. Sea- 
man A. Knapp's recommendation, Mr. Evans 
was appointed, in February, 1904, as special 
agent, and later as State agent for Louisiana 
and Arkansas. Doctor Knapp was the found- 
er of the demonstration work that is now 
being done by the Federal Government in co- 
operation with the States. 


The Press, of AH the Agencies Studied, 

Found to Be the Cheapest Means 

of Improving Practices 

What has the age of the farm man 
and the farm woman to do with the 
adoption by them of the better practices 
that are advocated by extension workers 
in their direct personal work and in the 
mass of material published in the press 
and by radio? 

To find out something about this factor 
of age, the Office of Cooperative Exten- 
sion Work of the department made a 
survey. The survey involved 1,636 rep- 
resentative farm people of four States. 
The belief held by many extension people 
and others that the younger farmers and 
farm women adopt the things advocated 
more readily and more extensively than 
do the older folks was not borne out in 
this survey. The survey revealed that 
(Continued on page 8) 


French and American Botanists Locate 

in Madagascar Valuable Plant 

Thought to be Extinct 

Dr. Charles P. Swingle, botanist of 
the Bureau of Plant Industry, recently 
returned to Washington from a plant- 
exploration expedition to Madagascar, 
bringing back a mass of plant material 
which the bureau hopes will prove to 
contain a number of useful and valuable 
additions to the ornamental and econom- 
ic plant life of the United States. Doctor 
Swingle was accompanied on the expedi- 
tion by Prof. Henri Humbert, professor 
of botany in the University of Algiers, 
Algiers, North Africa, an authority on 
the plant life of Madagascar. As far as 
there is record, Doctor Swingle is the 
first American botanist ever to visit 
Madagascar. Madagascar is a great 
island, nearly a thousand miles long, a 
possession of France, lying in the Tropic 
and Temperate Zones of the Southern 
Hemisphere in the Indian Ocean off the 
southeast coast of Africa. 

The material brought back by Doctor 
Swingle, consisting mainly of live plants 
and seeds, will be tested for adaptation 
in the United States, but of course it 
may be many years before the value of 
it all is known. 

Numerous ornamental plants — shrubs, 
vines, and trees — some of which are un- 
identified, were in the collection. Of 
these, 12 species of Kalanchoe seem to be 
the most promising, especially in the 
Southern States. Other promising orna- 
mentals collected are a number of speci- 
mens of elephant's foot, several aloes, 
and a striking and rare hibiscus-like 

In the collection are 23 lots of plants 
which seem to have some value as po- 
tential sources of rubber. Ten of these 
are now being commercially exploited 
for rubber in Madagascar, Doctor Swin- 
gle says. Some of them have been 
introduced previously into the United 
States and are now being tested in the de- 
partment's experiment garden in south- 
ern Florida, but undoubtedly several are 
entirely new to the United States. The 
southern part of Madagascar, which lies 
just outside the Tropics in the South 
Temperate Zone, is like parts of our own 
Southwest in many respects and the 
bureau hopes that some of these new 
rubber plants may be adapted there. 

Apparently the real prize of the expedi- 
tion consists of live specimens of Eu- 
phorbia Intisy, an almost extinct species 
(Continued on page 8) 



Resolution Would Provide $50,000 for 

Preliminary Work on Project 

Advanced at Havana 

The House has passed a joint resolu- 
tion (H. J. Res. 355) authorizing an ap- 
propriation of $50,000 to enable the Sec- 
retary of State to cooperate with the na- 
tions of the Pan American Union in 
work preliminary to the building of an 
inter-American highway or highways. 
This appropriation would enable the Sec- 
retary of State to cooperate with the 
governments of nations in the Pan Amer- 
ican Union in reconnaissance surveys, 
and in reporting on the probable cost 
and utility of an inter- American highway 
or highways. In reporting out the bill, 
the House Committee on Foreign Affairs 
recalled that Congress at its last session 
expressed the great interest entertained 
by this Government in the resolutions 
that were adopted by the Sixth Interna- 
tional Conference of American States at 
Havana in February 1928 regarding such 
a highway or highways. The report 
added that Dr. L. S. Rowe, Director 
General of the Pan American Union, 
finds " that throughout the Americas 
there is an unbounded spirit of coopera- 
tion in this great Pan-American project." 
The House on February 18 passed a 
bill (S. 5543) to establish the Grant 
Teton National Park in the State of 
Wyoming. The bill had previously been 
passed by the Senate. 

Concurrence in a Senate amendment 
to a bill (H. R. 13882) extending the 
benefits of the Hatch Act and the Smith- 
Lever Act to the Territory of Alaska, 
has been voted by the House, and the 
measure has been sent to the President. 
The House has passed a bill (S. 5094) 
which would make it a felony for aliens 
who have been deported to reenter this 
country in violation of law. The penalty 
provided is fine or imprisonment and de- 
portation at the expiration of the prison 

Senator Walsh of Montana has intro- 
duced an amendment to the second de- 
ficiency appropriation bill which would 
authorize the Secretary of the Interior 
to sell or otherwise dispose of surplus elk 
from the Yellowstone Park herd. 

The Senate has passed a joint resolu- 
tion (S. J. Res. 216) to establish a joint 
commission on airports, and to investi- 
gate the aviation requirements of the De- 
partments of War, Navy, Post Office, and 
Commerce, and the District of Columbia. 
The Senate Committee on Agriculture 
and Forestry has favorably reported, 
with amendment, a bill (S. 5307) equal- 
izing annual leave of employees of 
the Department of Agriculture stationed 
outside the continental limits of the 
United States. This legislation, the com- 
mittee's report says, is desired by the 
department so that there may be more 
uniformity in the regulations providing 
for leave. The bill would give all em- 
ployees of the department stationed out- 
side of the United States the benefit of 
the maximum leave allowance of 30 days 
annual leave (cumulative for four years) 

and 30 days sick leave (noncumulative). 
At present this maximum applies only to 
employees of the Office of Experiment 

The House Committee on Public Lands 
and Surveys has favorably reported a 
bill (H. R. 10657) to authorize the assess- 
ment of levee, road, drainage, and other 
improvement-district benefits against cer- 
tain lands in Arkansas. 

The President has transmitted .a sup- 
plemental estimate of appropriation 
amounting to $50,000 for the Department 
of Agriculture, to supplement funds ap- 
propriated for the control and prevent 
tion of spread of the gypsy moth. An- 
other supplemental estimate of addi- 
tional appropriation transmitted by the 
President would provide $20,000 for the 
fiscal year 1929 for administrative ex- 
penses in connection with the Porto Rico 
Hurricane Relief Committee. 

By vote of 47 to 27 the Senate rejected 
a bill" (S. 1093) to prevent the sale of 
cotton and grain in future markets. 

The House has passed a resolution 
(S. J. Res. 110) accepting, ratifying, and 
confirming the cession of certain islands 
of the Samoan group to the United 
States. Among them are the islands of 
Tutuila and Manua. The bill provides 
that Congress shall enact special laws 
for the management and disposition of 
public lands on these islands. 

The House has passed a bill (H. R. 
13931) authorizing an appropriation for 
the construction of a building for a radio 
and communication center at Boiling 
Field, an Army aviation field at Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Other bills introduced are: 


S. 580S. Oddie (Nevada). — Amending the 
Federal highway act. 

S. 5809. Dill (Washington). — Prohibiting the 
appointment of Members of Congress to offices 
of the Federal Government for a period of 
two years after the expiration of their terms 
of service in Congress. 

S. 5798. Heflin (Alabama).- — Providing for 
the enforcement of the civil service act for 
apportionment of positions in the Federal 
service at Washington. 


H. Res. 329. Rankin (Mississippi). — Author- 
izing the printing of 2,000 copies of the soil 
survey of Lowndes County, Miss. 

H. Res. 323. Leavitt (Montana). — Provid- 
ing for the printing as a public document cer- 
tain material relating to forestry and the 
control of floods in the Mississippi Valley. 

H. R. 17123. Dickinson (Iowa). — Providing 
for research work in connection with the 
utilization of agricultural products other than 
forest products. 

H. R. 171.30. Langley (Kentucky). — Relating 
to Muscle Shoals. 



Dr. Raphael Zon, director of the Lake 
States Forest Experiment Station of the 
Forest Service, with headquarters at Uni- 
versity Farm, St. Paul, Minn., says the 
Society of American Forestry has re- 
ceived a gift of $30,000 from the Carnegie 
Corporation to finance a study of forestry 
education in the United States. The 
money will become available upon the 
corporation's approval of the society's 
plan for starting the inquiry. Dean 
Henry S. Graves, of the Yale Forestry 
School, will be chairman of the committee 
which will be in charge of the study and 
select a man to serve as field investigator 
and director of the project. 

Supreme Court of District of Columbia 

Sustains Claim that Product 

has been Fraudulent 

After a 7-year court battle against 
" Chichester's pills," a product marketed 
by the Chichester Chemical Co. of Phila- 
delphia, Pa., the Government has been 
upheld in its contention that the claims 
made for this product have been false 
and fraudulent under the Federal food 
and drugs act. On February 13, after a 
retrial lasting 11 days, a jury in the 
Supreme Court of the District of Colum- 
bia rendered a verdict sustaining the 
Government. The facts on which the 
case was based were developed by the 
Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administra- 
tion, and the Solicitor's office, of the De- 
partment of Agriculture. 

It was brought out in this case, a 
hard-fought one, that claims of thera- 
peutic and curative value in a little 
red booklet, entitled " Relief for Ladies," 
inclosed with the package, were false 
and fraudulent. The so-called " diseases 
of women " described in the booklet, it 
was shown to the court, were in reality 
symptoms of 70 diseases, among them 
cancer, tuberculosis, and typhoid and 
scarlet fevers. Chichester's pills were 
shown by analysis to contain aloes, sul- 
phate of iron, cotton root bark, and ex- 
tract of hellebore, and it was proved by 
the Government that they could not ac- 
complish the cures claimed for them in 
the manufacturer's booklet. 

The importance of the exposure of this 
fraud perpetrated upon the women of 
the country is shown by the statement 
of a witness for the manufacturer of 
Chichester's pills that 460,000 boxes were 
sold annually. 

The issues involved in this case, says 
W. G. Campbell, director of regulatory 
work of the department, are also in- 
volved in approximately 40 cases in 
other United States district courts. 


The outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease 
which appeared in Los Angeles County, 
Calif., January 18, has been confined 
thus far to five premises within a few 
miles of one another. All infected herds 
were promptly slaughtered and buried, 
and this procedure was followed by 
cleaning and disinfection of buildings and 
premises. A force of veterinarians is 
making frequent inspections of all live- 
stock within a radius of about 20 miles 
of each of the premises where the in- 
fection had been found, so that any new 
cases of the disease may be dealt with 
promptly by the customary method of 
slaughter and burial. The livestock in 
the territory surrounding the premises 
where infection has been found is pro- 
tected by two quarantine zones. One 
zone is under so-called " closed " quaran- 
tine ; the other, which is much the larger 
of the two, is under provisional quaran- 
tine. The boundaries of these zones 
serve as lines of defense against possible 
spread of the disease, 



Says He Has Very Frequently Found It Possible to Reduce Length of Manuscript by 50 
per cent, by Suggesting that It be Written for the Reader Rather than the Writer 

Science is so new and of so rapid a 
development that its procedures are still 
largely empirical and only roughly 
adapted to the present scope and com- 
plexity of the field, and this is particu- 
larly true of some scientific publications, 
says Prof. Clarence B. McClung, pro- 
fessor of zoology and director of the 
zoological laboratory of the University of 
Pennsylvania, and managing editor of 
The Journal of Morphology and Physi- 
ology, a quarterly publication of The 
Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, 
in an article in the February 8 issue of 
Science. The article was an address 
delivered by the editor before the zoolog- 
ical section of The American Association 
for the Advancement of Science in New 
York on December 28. The following 
parts of his paper are quoted here in 
The Official Record for the bearing they 
have on certain phases of our own publi- 
cation work. He says : 

" The fundamental question which we have 
to consider is, Are publications incidental in 
their relations to biological progress, and so 
to be left unconsidered, or are they essential 
elements of the program and deserving of 
careful planning and management? * * * 

" If we hope to improve the character of 
scientific papers it is imperative that we give 
thought at the same time to where they are 
to appear, for the character of the article 
depends in part at least upon the medium 
available for its publication. The problem 
then is to discover the course which will make 
most easy and profitable the use of written 
records of our discoveries, and which will run 
the least risk of smothering individual initia- 
titive and opportunity. * * * 

" There are usually produced about 40,000 
titles annually, scattei-ed through some seven 
or eight thousand periodicals and filling per- 
haps 500.000 pages. The consideration sug- 
gests itself that while this is a staggering 
total, there are represented a great variety 
of subjects, so the individual worker with 
limited interests is not necessarily concerned 
with the whole output. While this is cer- 
tainly true, it is also evident that with a 
growing output there inevitably follows in- 
creasing personal limitation of contacts, be- 
cause each of us has but a limited time to 
give to reading. * * * 

" When we turn to the consideration of the 
articles which appear in these [certain scien- 
tific] journals, many of us would he inclined 
to agree that they possess some or all of the 
following defects : 

"(1) The author takes a wrong attitude in 
writing, so that frequently this is highly 
subjective and indicates most clearly that the 
facts and impressions have been set down by 
the author not with the idea of informing 
his fellow workers of the nature of his ob- 
servations and conclusions but rather as a 
record of his own impressions. I have the 
conviction from much practical experience 
that if our investigators would give primary 
consideration to the needs of their readers a 
very great reduction in the volume of litera- 
ture would result. Very frequently, in an edi- 
torial capacity, I have found it possible to 
persuade authors to reduce the length of their 
articles as much as 50 per cent, merely by 
suggesting that they he written for the reader 
rather than for the writer. 

"(2) When we compare biological articles 
with those written by chemists and physicists, 
we are impressed by the evident verbosity in 
style and redundancy of detail observable in 
hiological papers. Frequently there is over- 
much historical survey and a multiplicity of 
quoted opinions which are entirely unneces- 
sary for clear exposition. Excessive and ex- 
pensive tabular data of interest to only a 
limited few also encumber many articles. 
Repetitions of already available bibliographies 
and the inclusion of unnecessary illustrations 
are not uncommon faults. * * * 

" There are those who consider the rights 
of the author paramount, the claim being that 

the results of an investigation belong to the 
author and are his to dispose of, but this is 
not entirely true, for he owes his oppor- 
tunities in most cases to institutions which 
pay him for his time and provide him with 
facilities for work and are judged by its qual- 
ity in relation to similar work from other in- 
stitutions. He is largely indebted also to his 
fellow workers who have in the first place 
introduced him to the subject, trained him 
in its methods, and provided him with the 
background against which he works. * * * 
" The oft-repeated criticism of the style of 
English found in scientific articles may trace 
back to faulty analysis and planning rather 
than to misuse of words or constructions. 
We may not be justified in demanding that 
the articles we read be entertaining, but at 
least we can ask that they be clearly in- 



(Continued from page 1) 
Wilson of the Department of Agriculture, 
Doctor Knapp opened his office in 
Houston, Tex., and proceeded to organize 
the work. From the very beginning 
Doctor Knapp sought the cooperation of 
all persons and agencies who might in 
any way contribute, to the success of the 
work. One of his first acts was to call a 
conference on January 31 of the indus- 
trial agents of the railroads in boll weevil 
territory. These railroad representatives 
were of great aid to Doctor Knapp in the 
organization of his corps of demonstration 

" Likewise he immediately asked and 
received full cooperation from President 
D. F. Houston of the Texas Agricultural 
and Mechanical College, later Secretary 
of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture, in establishing demonstrations. 
President Houston placed at Doctor 
Knapp's disposal the large and active 
force of farmers' institute workers of 
Texas. These institute workers were 
most helpful in presenting the demonstra- 
tion plan to farmers and obtained a large 
number of written agreements on the 
part of farmers to grow one or more acres 
of cotton according to demonstration 

" Doctor Knapp sought and obtained 
ithe fullest possible cooperation from the 
[press in his territory, and established as 
'a cardinal principle of demonstration; 
work the public report through the press 
of results obtained. There were about 
8,000 farmers enrolled as demonstrators 
in growing cotton in the first year." 

The first agent appointed by Doctor 
Knapp was William Banberge, who re- 
ceived appointment on January 27, 1904. 
Among the early agents, Mr. Evans paid 
especial tribute to W. F. Proctor. He 
credited Mr. Proctor with having been 
of invaluable assistance to Doctor Knapp 
in finding men of ability and personality 
to serve as agents to make his plan suc- 

Mr. Evans and Mr. Proctor were ap- 
pointed as emergency demonstration 
agents on February 12, 1904, respectively, 
at $60 a month. Mr. Proctor died in 

1916, being at that time State agent in 
charge of the farm-demonstration agents 
of Texas. Mr. Evans and W. D. Bent- 
ley, now assistant director of the Okla- 
homa extension service, are the two liv- 
ing agents who have seen the longest 
continuous service. Mr. Bentley's serv- 
ice has been continuous for 25 years ; 
Mr. Evans' service was interrupted for 
15 months from June, 1925, to September, 
1926, when he was employed by the Por- 
tuguese provincial government to make a 
study of cotton production in Portuguese 
East Africa. 

Doctor Knapp died on April 1. 1911, 
at the age of 77. He lived to see the 
organization of boys' corn clubs and 
girls' canning clubs, and later the es- 
tablishment of home-demonstration work 
supplementing the demonstration work 
with farmers. 

On May 8, 1914, ten years after Doctor 
Knapp opened his office in Houston, 
President Wilson signed the Smith-Lever 
bill, and farm-demonstration work, with 
its plan of having county extension 
agents in every agricultural county to 
serve farmers and their families, became 
a basic part of the present national sys- 
tem of extension in agriculture and home 
economics. To-day there are 5.424 coy 
operative extension workers, and money 
available from all sources for financing 
cooperative-extension work amounted to 
practically $25,000,000, this figure includ- 
ing funds which were made available 
July 1. 1928, through passage of the 
Capper-Ketcham Act. 

In the big celebration at Houston, meet- 
ings were held in sections which covered 
agricultural economics, agricultural engi- 
neering, agronomy, animal husbandry, 
dairying, entomology, home economics, 
horticulture, and extension work. Gen- 
eral sessions were held on the 5th, 6th, 
and 7th at hours permitting attendance ofl 
the extension workers, land-grant college 
representatives, and members of other 
associations which were meeting in Hous- 
ton at the time. President T. O. Walton 
of Texas Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege, presided at the opening session; 
C. B. Smith, Chief of the Office of Co- 
operative Extension Work, United States 
Department of Agriculture, at the sec- 
ond ; O. B. Martin, director of the Texas 
extension service, at the third ; and Presi- 
dent H. A. Morgan of the University of 
Tennessee at the last session. 

The United States Department of Agri- 
culture contributed a special display 
which gave a picture of the history and 
development of home-demonstration work. 
This display was prepared by Mrs. Ola 
Powell Malcolm, field agent in home eco- 
nomics for the Southern States, and Reu- 
ben Brigham, in charge of the division 
of visual instruction and editorial work, 
Office of Cooperative Extension Work, 
Washington, D. C. It included a series 
of four stereopticon slide series on mo- 
tion-picture film, arranged for automatic 
projection, comprising about 400 pictures 
of home-demonstration activities, and a 
supplemental series of posters giving re- 
sults of home-demonstration activities in 

The Official Record has a " Questions 
and Answers " department which runs under 
that heading. Questions deemed of sufficient 
general interest to the people of the depart- 
ment as a whole will be answered therein if 
sent to the editor. Others will be handled by 



Untth> States 



Issued Every Thursday frcm the Press Service 



Washington, D. C 

The Official Recobd is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
bv subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and §1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Recobd must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the bureau or office 
officially concerned with the subject matter. 

Copy must be received before Wednesday 
noon in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Record is at 
215 Thirteenth Street SW.. in the Press Serv- 
ice. Telephone : Main 4650, branch 242. 



Paul G. Kedington, chief of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey and president of 
the Society of American Foresters, an- 
nounces that a friend of forestry, who 
wishes to remain anonymous, has given 
to the society $1,250 to be awarded as 
prizes of §1,000 and $250 for the two 
best essays describing the present for- 
estry situation in the United States and 
setting forth constructive suggestions for 
meeting the national forestry problem in 
the most effective way. All essays must 
be in the hands of the committee of 
award not later than September 30. De- 
tails of the conditions of the competi- 
tion may be obtained from the Society 
of American Foresters, Lenox Building, 
Washington, D. C. 


The division of cotton marketing of the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics is 
making preparations to receive, about the 
middle of March, representatives of lead- 
ing European cotton associations and 
American cotton growers, merchants, and 
spinners, for the biennial conference re- 
lating to the Universal Standards for 
American cotton. The department has 
extended a special invitation to the 
Japan Cotton Spinners Association and 
the Japan Cotton Merchants Union to 
have representatives present as guests at 
the meetings. Under the terms of the 
Universal Standards Agreements the con- 
ference should be held beginning on 
March 11, but some of the delegates will 
not be able to reach Washington on the 
scheduled opening date and the regular 
sessions will be adjourned to the 16th 
work being completed the following week. 
The European exchanges have adopted 
the official cotton standards of the United 
States for American Upland Cotton, 
known as the Universal Standards, as 
the basis for all their contracts in which 
grades are specified for the purchase and 
sale of American cotton. The American 

representatives who are coming will act 
in the capacity of advisers to the depart- 
ment. The regular biennial conference, 
which takes place under supplemental 
agreements, will last several days. Dur- 
ing this time a meeting will be held under 
the principal standards agreements for 
the consideration of several matters of 
mutual interest. A meeting with Amer- 
ican delegates will take place March 14 
and 15 to consider a proposed revision 
of the America-Egyptian grade standards, 
extra white standards, standards in prac- 
tical form for spotted cotton, and for 
preparation of long staple cotton. 


P. H. Dorsett, a senior horticulturist, 
office of foreign-plant introduction, and 
W. J. Morse, senior agronomist, office of 
forage crops, both of the Bureau of 
Plant Industry, sail tomorrow for Tokio, 
Japan, on a 2-year plant-seeking expedi- 
tion into the Orient. They left Wash- 
ington February 18. Mr. Dorsett is a 
veteran agricultural explorer of the de- 
partment, and Mr. Morse is a soy-bean 
specialist. Study of the soy-bean cul- 
ture of Japan, Chosen, Manchuria, and 
Java is one of the main objects. New 
varieties will be sought for expanding 
the soy-bean acreage of the United 
States, and methods of handling and the 
preparation of by-products will be inves- 
tigated. The varieties of the Oriental 
persimmon of Chosen will be sought. 
Varieties of this fruit from Japan and 
China are already grown commercially 
to some extent in the Southern States 
and California. A better rootstock than 
is now used in this country will be 
sought in Japan and other countries 
where the culture of the persimmon has 
long been studied. In addition to the 
crops mentioned, drouth and cold-resist- 
ant trees and shrubs for the Great 
Plains of the United States will be sought 
for in northern Manchuria -and north- 
ern Japan. It is expected that new 
leguminous crops for green manure and 
forage will be found for use in the South- 
ern States. 


Four pages in the December issue of 
Auto-Levex, an automobile trade jour- 
nal in the Dutch language printed at 
Scheveningen, Holland, tell, in text and 
a profusion of illustrations, the story of 
the film " Wheels of Progress " produced 
by our Motion Picture Laboratory for 
the Bureau of Public Roads of the de- 
partment. The illustrations in the arti- 
cle were made from scenes in the film 
that were furnished by the Bureau of 
Public Roads. The editor of the journal, 
in giving a courtesy copy of the Decem- 
ber issue of his journal to the bureau, 
said there is a great interest in Holland 
in news and pictures about road building 
in the United States, and asked for 
information and pictures on engineering 
phases of the subject. 


Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for Broadcast During the 
Period March 11-15 

Cincinnati, Oberlin, Cleveland, Akron, 
and Wellston, are cities of Ohio that have 
established and are developing municipal 
forests, says the Forest Service. 

The noonday network radio program 
of the Department of Agriculture is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m., eastern 
standard time: 12.15 to 12.30 p. m., cen- 
tral standard time ; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m., 
mountain time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Co.: KDKA, Pittsburgh; 
WLW, Cincinnati: WHAS, Louisville; 
KFKX, Chicago ; KSTP, St. Paul-Minne- 
apolis; WHO, Des Moines; WOW, 
Omaha; WDAF, Kansas City; KVOO, 
Tulsa; WFAA, Dallas; WOAI, San An- 
tonio; WSB, Atlanta; WSM, Nashville; 
WMC, Memphis; WRC, Washington; 
KOA, Denver; KWK, St. Louis. 

Monday, March 11 


stocks and shipments. — W. F. Callander, 
chairman of the Federal Crop Reporting 

Tuesday, March 12 

Sidelights on the hog mabket. — C. V. 
Whalin, in charge of the division of livestock, 
meats, and wool, Bureau of Agricultural 

Swine hebdsmen as hog health offi- 
cebs. — Dr. T. P. White, assistant chief of the 
division of hog cholera control, Bureau of 
Animal Industry. 

Wednesday, March 13 


gbowebs. — Dr. J. S. Hathcoek. senior agri- 
cultural economist, division of cooperative 
marketing, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 
Fabm science news flashes. — C. E. 
Gapen, chief of the Press Service, Office of 

Thursday, March 14 

The movement of fabm population in 
192S. — Dr. C. J. Galpin. in charge of the di- 
vision of farm population and rural life. Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics. 

Friday, March 15 

The pbice situation. — Dr. O. C. Stine, in 
charge of the division of statistical and his- 
torical research, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 

Papebing the gabden. — Dr. L. H. Flint, 
associate physiologist, biophysical laboratory, 
Bureau of Plant industry. 


By acts of Congress, " the day of the 
inauguration of the President in every 
fourth year" is a legal holiday in the 
District of Columbia. Accordingly, all 
branches of the Department of Agricul- 
ture in the District of Columbia will be 
closed Monday, March 4. all day. ' 

Study which he made of a forest fire 
which occurred last spring in the hard- 
wood country of the Lake States, con- 
vinced J. A. Mitchell, silviculturist of 
the Lake States Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion of the Forest Service, that fires in 
the hardwood forests of that region will 
bear watching for a week or longer after 
they appear to be safe, if the relative 
humidity is as low as 50 per cent at 
8 a. m. 



$5,600. — The United States Civil Service Com- 
mission states that the position of principal 
administrative officer in field charge of the 
Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Weevil Projects, 
Plant Quarantine and Control Administration, 
Department of Agriculture, is vacant, and that, 
in view of the importance of the position in 
connection with the effort to eradicate the 
pink bollworm and prevent the spread of the 
Thurberia weevil in the United States, and to 
insure the appointment of a thoroughly quali- 
fied man for the work, the following method 
of competition will be followed to fill the 
vacancy. Instead of the usual form of civil- 
servie.e examination, the qualification of can- 
didates will be passed upon by a special board 
of examiners, composed of "W. G. Campbell, 
director of regulatory work, Department of 
Agriculture ; J. E. Graf, assistant chief of the 
Bureau of Entomology, Department of Agri- 
culture ; and Frederick W. Brown, assistant 
chief of the examining division of the United 
States Civil Service Commission, who will act 
as chairman of the committee. For the pur- 
pose of this examination, all of these men will 
be examiners of the Civil Service Commission. 

The examination will consist solely of the 
consideration of qualifications by the special 
board. The minimum qualifications for' con- 
sideration are scholarship and experience of a 
length and character to demonstrate high 
ability in the direction and prosecution of 
responsible work against insects injurious to 
cotton, involving a thorough knowledge of col- 
on production and subsequent handling until it 
has been baled, and a thorough knowledge of 
all State and Federal quarantines against in- 
sects injurious to cotton. The experience must 
include at least three years' experience in con- 
nection with work looking to the eradication 
of the pink bollworm in the United States. 
The experience must have been of such a char- 
acter as to clearly demonstrate the applicant's 
ability to plan, initiate, and carry out respon- 
sible work on regulatory projects dealing with 
cotton pests. The applicant must also pos- 
sess a personality and demonstrated ability for 
leadership which will enable him to lead and 
direct successfully the work of the two projects 
referred to, and cooperate with State officials 
and with associations of cotton growers and 
others interested. 

Competitors may be required to report for 
oral examination, which will be held at points 
as convenient for candidates as conditions 
will permit. The purpose of the oral examin- 
ation is to determine the applicant's personal 
characteristics and address, adaptability, 
keenness, and quickness of understanding, 
observation, judgment, and discretion ; in 
general, his personal fitness for the perform- 
ance of the duties of the position. A compet- 
itor who fails to pass such oral test will not 
be eligible for appointment. The oral exam- 
ination, if required, will be given to com- 
petitors in the order of their standing and 
only to such number as the needs of the serv- 
ice may require. Notice will be given in ad- 
vance of the date and place of the oral exam- 

The appointee will be responsible, under 
instructions of the Chief of the Plant Quaran- 
tine and Control Administration, for: (1) 
Enforcement of the quarantines on account 
of the pink bollworm and Thurberia weevil ; 
(2) planning, directing, and carrying out all 
of the field work in connection with the en- 
forcement of these quarantines; (3) scouting 
to determine presence and distribution of 
these pests in the United States ; (4) all 
methods employed in clean-up operations to 
eradicate the pink bollworm in the United 
States; and (5) cooperating with the officials 
of the Department of Agriculture of Mexico 
in any program leading to the protection of 
the United States from infestations of the 
pink bollworm known to occur in Mexico. 

The committee will take steps to ascertain 
whether the applicant is of a cooperative 
disposition and has the ability to make and 
keep friends, and whether he is in good health 
and physically capable of performing the 
duties of the position. Persons appointed 
may be required to pass a physical examina- 
tion by a physician in the Federal service 
before entering on duty. 

Applicants must have reached their thirty- 
fifth. but not their fiftieth birthday on March 
20. These age limits do not apply to persons 
entitled to preference because of military or 
naval service, but such applicants must not 
have reached the retirement age. 

Applicants must have been actually domi- 
ciled for at least one year next preceding the 
date of examination, in the State or Terri- 
tory in which they claim legal residence. 

Persons who wish to be considered for this 
vacancy should apply to the United States 
Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C, 
for Form 2600, which must be executed and 
returned, with a list of any publications or 
documents the applicant may have written on 
work related to the subjects listed in the 
qualifications for eligibility and reprints of 
such of these publications of documents as 
are available, in time to be on file in the 
office of the United States Civil Service Com- 
mission at Washington, D. C, not later than 
March 20. 

TUR1ST, $2,600 TO $3,100. — Applications must 
be on file with the Civil Service Commission 
at Washington, D. C, not later than March 
27. The examinations are to fill vacancies in 
the Forest Service, for duty in Washington, 
D. C, or in the field. The entrance salaries 
are as indicated above. For appointment in 
Washington, D. C, the entrance salary will 
be at the minimum rate of the salary range ; 
appointment to the field service may be made 
at any rate within the salary "range, depend- 
ing upon the conditions obtaining at the head- 
quarters where the vacancy exists. A proba- 
tionary period of one year is required, but ad- 
vancement in salary may be made after six 
months, depending upon the efficiency and 
usefulness of the employee. Competitors will 
not be required to report for examination at 
any place, but will be rated on education, ex- 
perience, fitness, and writings to be filed. 

FOREST ECOLOGIST, $2,600 TO $3,100. — Applica- 
tions must be on file with the Civil Service 
Commission at Washington, D. C, not later 
than March 27. The examinations are to 
fill vacancies in the Forest Service, for duty in 
Washington, D. C, or in the field. The en- 
trance salaries are as indicated above. For 
appointment in Washington, D. C, the entrance 
salary will be at the minimum rate of the sal- 
ary range ; appointment to the field service 
may be made at any rate within the salary 
range, varying with conditions obtaining at 
the headquarters where the vacancy exists. A 
probationary period of one year is required, 
but advancement in salary may be made after 
six months, depending upon the efficiency and 
usefulness of the employee. Competitors will 
not be required to report for written examina- 
tion at any place, but will be rated on educa- 
tion, training, experience, fitness, and writings 
to be filed. 

AND FEED), $3,200 TO $3,700; ASSOCIATE MAR- 
HAY, AND FEED), $2,600 TO $3,100; ASSISTANT 
TO $3,100. — Applications must be on file with 
the Civil Service Commission at Washington, 
D. C, not later than March 27. The examina- 
tions are to fill vacancies in the Bureau of Ag- 
ricultural Economics, for duty in Washington, 
D. C, or in the field. The entrance salaries 
are as indicated above. For appointment in 
Washington, D. C, the entrance salary will be 
the minimum rate for the position ; appoint- 
ment to the field service may be made at any 
rate within the salary range for the position, 
varying with the conditions obtaining at the 
headquarters where the vacancy exists. Higher- 
salaried positions are filled through promotion. 
Competitors will not be required to report for 
examination at any place, but will be rated on 
education, experience, and a thesis or discus- 
sion to be filed. 

$2,500. — Applications must be on file with the 
Civil Service Commission at Washington, 
D. C, not later than March 26. The exam- 
inations are to fill vacancies in the Bureau 
of Animal Industry, for duty in Washington. 
D. C., or in the field. The entrance salaries 
are as indicated above ; higher-salaried posi- 
tions are filled through promotion. The du- 
ties are to perform laboratory work relating 
to nutrition or the study of animal products 
such as meat, goats' milk, eggs, wool, feeds. 
Specifically, the duties consist in analyses, 
observations, and measurements of various 
animal products, or the preparation and 
analyses of feeds, or the direct supervision of 
the care and weighing of laboratory animals. 


Growers' Custom in North Carolina of Ferti- 
lizing Strawberries in Winter Seems to Have 
Scientific Warrant from Fact that Root System 
Makes Large Growth During Winter 

In the strawberry section of eastern North 
Carolina, although little or no top growth 
occurs on the strawberry plants in midwinter, 
growers have been accustomed to apply ferti- 
lizers to their plantings in the winter months. 
Scientific warrant for this winter fertilizing 
has been indicated. 

On December 6, at the Coastal Plain Branch 
Experiment Station at Willard, N. C, a sta- 
tion of the North Carolina State Department 
of Agriculture, strawberry plants were trans- 
planted. The plants were dug 51 days later, 
on January 26. In the period, extensive new 
root growth, but no top growth, had occurred. 
Roots had grown as much as 6 and 7 inches 
in length. Plants whose roots had been 
pruned back to about l l /> inches at the time 
of transplanting, had, by the end of the 51 
days, root systems that were several times as 
great as those they had on December 6. 

It is believed that such extensive root 
growth could not result except by the absorp- 
tion by the plants of nutrients from the soil 

Nightingale has found that blackberry roots 
in New Jersey absorb the nutrients of com- 
mercial fertilizers during the period of 

The evidence seems to justify the North 
Carolina practice of putting fertilizers on 
strawberries in earlv winter and midwinter. 

George M. Darrow, Senior Pomologist, and 
George F. Waldo, Assistant Pomologist, Bu- 
reau of Plant Industry. 

For the position of junior biologist (poultry) 
the duties will also include studies of the 
growth of poultry and statistical analysis of 
experimental data. Competitors will be rated 
on practical questions, and on a thesis to be 
delivered to the examiner on the day of 

ASSISTANT BIOCHEMIST.— Applications must be 
on file with the Civil Service Commission, 
Washington, D. C, not later than March 20. 
The examination is to fill a vacancy in the 
Bureau of Animal Industry, for duty at Belts- 
ville, Md., and vacancies occurring in positions 
requiring similar qualifications, for duty in 
Washington, D. C, or in the field. The en- 
trance salaries range from $2,600 to $3,100 
a year ; higher-salaried positions are filled 
through promotion. The duties are under 
immediate or general supervision, to perform, 
laboratory work requiring the exercise of in- 
dependent judgment and relating to nutri- 
tion or the study of animal products such as 
meat, goats' milk, eggs, wool, feeds. Specifi- 
cally, the duties consist in the conduct, alone 
or with a small group of subordinates, of 
investigations relating to animal nutrition or 
animal products. Competitors will not be re- 
quired to report for examination at any 
place, but will be rated on education, training, 
experience, and a thesis or publication to be 

Full information may be obtained from the 
United States Civil Service Commission, Wash- 
ington, D. C, or the secretary of the United 
States Civil Service Board of Examiners at 
the post office or eustomlwuse in any city. 



H. K. Bishop, chief of the division of con- 
struction, gave illustrated lectures February 7 
and 8 at Lexington, Va., to students of Vir- 
ginia Military Institute, on the work the 
bureau is doing in road construction in the 
national parks in cooperation with the Na- 
tional Park Service of the Department of the 


W. M. Goldberg, B. S. in chemistry, Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, 1928, has been appointed 
as a junior chemist at the New York City 



1928. (A mimeograph.) Compiled by John 
Roberts. Issued by the Bureau of Animal 
Industry. P. 9. 

This is the current one of the annual 
compilations issued by the bureau on the 
subject indicated by the title. Estimates for 
1928 are given for comparison with the fig- 
ures for former years. A decline in the per 
capita consumption of beef and a considerable 
decrease in the per capita consumption of 
pork and lard are indicated' by the figures. 
The information given is of general interest 
to people engaged in various phases of the 
livestock and meat industries. The figures 
are from official sources, and the manner in 
which a number of them were adjusted so 
as to make the data comparable is clearly 
described. Figures on the export trade of the 
United States in meats are given also. Copies 
may be obtained by addressing the editorial 
office, Bureau of Animal Industry, Washington. 

cular 61-C.) By M. R, Dilley, associate me- 
chanical engineer, and W. L. Edwards, 
associate engineer, fertilizer and fixed nitro- 
gen investigations, Bureau of Chemistry 
and Soils. P. 19, figs. January 1929. 
This circular is timely in view of the com- 
paratively rapid growth of the synthetic-am- 
monia industry which increases the use of 
gases and gaseous mixtures at high pressures. 
It deals with the new types of engineering 
design required to meet the growing demand 
for effective high-pressure apparatus. It de- 
scribes the operation of a system for experi- 
mental work with gases at normal pressures 
and at pressures up to 1,500 atmospheres 
(22.500 pounds to the square inch). Descrip- 
tions of the apparatus, and approximate costs 
of the various items, are given. 

tin 82-T.) By Wells A. Hutchins, associate 
irrigation economist, division of agricultural 
engineering. Bureau of Public Roads. P. 51. 
January 1929. 

This is of interest chiefly to officials of 
irrigation enterprises in the arid and semiarid 
Western States and to irrigation farmers. It 
has been prepared for the purpose of making 
known to prospective organizers of irrigation 
projects the advantages and limitations of 
mutual irrigation companies. The character 
of such companies, the purposes and methods 
of organizing, the methods of financing, and 
the types and groups found in the various 
States, are discussed. An appendix gives a 
resume of the State laws relating to mutual 
companies, articles of incorporation, by-laws, 
and rules and regulations. 

FACTORY. (Miscellaneous Publication 42-M.) By 
H. L. Wilson, associate dairy manufacturing 
specialist. Bureau of Dairy Industry. P. 10, 
figs. 5. December 1928. 

This publication is designed to give informa- 
tion to farmers and others who are considering 
the establishment of a Cheddar-cheese factory. 
Some of the most important points discussed 
are as follows : Conditions under which manu- 
facture of cheese is profitable (volume of milk 
available, etc.) ; prices that can be paid for 
milk made into cheese ; and plan and cost of 
the building. Lists of necessary equipment 
and supplies, and total cost of these, for a 
large and a small factory, are given. 

LOCAL CREAMERY. (Miscellaneous Publication 

37-M.) By William White, senior dairy man- 
ufacturing specialist, Bureau of Dairy In- 
dustry. P. 12, figs. December, 1928. 
This, written in popular manner, is designed 
to give information to farmers and others on 
the subject indicated by the title. Data are 
presented to show how the volume of cream 
affects the cost of manufacturing butter. Fac- 
tors influencing the price which a creamery 
can pay for butterfat are discussed. Other 
matters considered are : Limits of the territory 
from within which the cream is collected, effi- 
ciencv in business management, skill in the 
operator, and planning the plant building. 

Pp. 435-484, II. November, 1928. 

Contents : Fog and Haze : Their cause, dis- 
tribution, and forecasting. II. C. Willett. 

Me1 eorological summary for Chile, October 
1928. J. B. Navarrete. 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C, has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the 
department's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 



Congres international d'olelculture. 9th. Tu- 
nis, 1928. [Proceedings] Tunis, G. Guinle, 

Rockwell, F. F. Dahilas. New York, Mac- 
millan, 1929. 

Rumsey, H. J. Australian nuts and nut 
growing in Australia. Dundas, H. J. Rum- 
sey, 1927. 


South Africa. British Empire forestry con- 
ference, Australia and New Zealand, 1928. 
Statement relating to the Union of South 
Africa. Pretoria, Government printing and 
stationery office, 1928. 


Hubbard, Mrs. T. K., and McNamara, Cathe- 
rine. Planning information up-to-date : a 
supplement, 1923-1928, to Kimball's Man- 
ual of information on city planning and 
zoning. Cambridge, Harvard university 
press, 1928. 


Philippine sugar association. Facts and sta- 
tistics about the Philippine sugar industry. 
Manila, 1928. 


Fischer, Walther. Samengewinnung und saat- 
gutbereitung bei den wichtiesten klee- und 
grasarten. v. 1. Berlin, Schlegel, 1928. 


Paillot. Andre. Les maladies du ver a. soie, 
grasserie et dysenteries. Lyon, University, 

Wells, H. M., and DeGraf, Belle. Food and 
how to cook it. Philadelphia, National 
publishing company, 1928. 

Trilling, M. B., and Williams, Florence. Art 
in home and clothing. Philadelphia, Lippin- 
cott, 1928. 


British museum (Nat. hist.) Dept. of entomol- 
ogy. Diptera Brachycera and Athericera of 
the Fiji Islands, by Mario Bezzi. London, 

British museum (Nat. hist.) Dept. of entomol- 
ogy. New Zealand Empididae, by J. E. 
Collins. London, 1928. 

Martin, Hubert. The scientific principles of 
plant protection. London, Arnold, 1928. 

Uvarov, B. P. Locusts and grasshoppers. 
London, Imperial bureau of entomology, 


Bose, Sir, J. C. The mtotor mechanism of 
plants. London, Longmans, Green. 1928. 

Butler, E. J. Report on some diseases of tea 
and tobacco in Nyasaland. Zomba, Dept. of 
agriculture. Nyasaland, 1928. 

Lindau, Gustav. Die hohereu pilze, Basidi- 
omycetes. Ed. 3. Berlin, Springer. 1928. 
( Kryptogamenflora fur anfiinger. 1. bd.) 

National southeastern university, Nanking, 
China. College of agriculture. Dept. of 
botany. Icones plantarum sinicarum, ed. by 
Hsen-Hsu Hu and Woom-Young Chun. 
Shanghai, 1927. 


Fred. E. B., and Waksrnan, S. A. Laboratory 
manual of general microbiology, with special 

reference to the microorganisms of the soil. 
New York, McGraw-Hill, 1928. 
Willstatter, R. M. Untersuchungen iiber 
enzyme. Berlin, Springer, 1928. 


Blaringhem, Louis. Principes et formules de 
1'hgrgdite mendelienne. Paris, Gauthier-Vil- 
lars, 1928. 


MacCalTum, W. G. A text-book of pathology. 
Ed. 4. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1928. 

Pan-Pacific women's conference. Proceedings, 
1st; 1928. Honolulu, 1928. 


Beyle, H. C. Governmental reporting in Chi- 
cago. Chicago. University of Chicago press, 
1928. (Social science studies, no. 10) 

Biihler, Theodor. Das baumwoll-terminge- 
schiift. Niirnberg, Krische, 192S. (Niirn- 
berger beitrage zu den wirtschaftswissen- 
schaften, hft. 12) 

Fillev, H. C. Cooperation in agriculture. 
New York, Wiley, 1929. 

Harrison, E. J. Lithuania 1928. London, 
Hazell, Watson & Viney, 1928. 

Juvara, D. Le probleme de credit agricole en 
Ronmanie. Paris. E. Duchemin, 1928. 

Lawrence, J. S. Stabilization of prices. New 
York, Macmillan, 1928. 

Munn, G. G. Bank credit. New York, Mc- 
Graw-Hill, 1925. 

National industrial conference hoard. Cost 
of government in the United States. 1926— 
1927. New York, 192S. 

National industrial conference board. Wages 
in the United States, 1914-1927. New 
York. 1928. 

Pasvolsky, Leo. Economic nationalism of the 
Danubian states. New York, Macmillan, 

Walworth, George. Trade rings round the 
farmer. Cooperative agricultural policy in 
relation to "competitive combines. Man- 
chester. Co-operative union limited, 1928. 

Zalts. Alberts. Latvian political economy. 
Riga, Riga times edition, 1928. 


Bell, Mrs. M. Van H. A journey to Ohio in 
1S10. New Haven, Yale university press, 


Calavo news ; a monthly journal devoted to 
the interests of California avocado growers, 
Feb. 1, 1927- Los Angeles. 

Commission internationale permanente des as- 
sociations agricoles. Cahier international 
des associations agricoles. monthly. ann6e 
1, n. 1- Jan. 1. 1929- Rome. 

Industrial and engineering chemistry. Analy- 
tical ed. quarterly, v. 1, no. 1— Jan. 15, 
1929- Easton, Pa. 

Mezugazdastigi-kutatasok. monthly, evfolyam 
1, szam 2/3- Nov./Dec. 1928-Budapest. 

Oklahoma. Panhandle agricultural experiment 
station, Goodwell, Okla. Panhandle bulle- 
tin, monthly, no. 1- Jan. 1929- Goodwell, 

Rubber research institute of Malaya. Quart- 
erly journal. v. 1, no. 1 '2- Jan. 1929- 
Ku'ala Lumpur. 

Shell eggs imported into the United 
Kingdom, after April 21 must be stamped 
with an indication of origin, according to 
information received by the department 
from its representative in England. An 
order in council issued at Buckingham 
Palace, December 21, 192S, reads in part : 
" It shall not be lawful to import any 
hen or duck eggs in shell into the United 
Kingdom, nor to sell or expose for sale 
in the United Kingdom any imported hen 
or duck eggs in shell, unless they bear 
an indication of origin. The indication 
of origin shall be conspicuously and dxir- 
ably marked in ink on the shell of each 
imported egg, in letters not less than 2 
millimeters in height." The order pro- 
vides also for indicating the origin of 
currants, sultanas, raisins, oat products, 
and dried eggs imported iuto the United 


Articles and Written Addresses By 
Department People in Out- 
side Publications 

Animal Industry 

Chapin, R. M. — Detergent experiments on cot- 
ton ; evaluation of washing media for goods 
soiled with oiled lamp black. Oil & Fat 
Indus., v. 5, no. 7, pp. 208-212. July 1928. 

Cham, E. B. — Observations on the life history 
of the swine stomach worm, Physocephalus 
sexalatus, in the United States. Jrn. Para- 
sitol., v. 15, no. 2, p. 136. December 1928. 

Poultry worms do havoc ; poultrymen 

advised to take precautions for control of 
parasitic diseases. Eastern States Cooper- 
ator, v. 5, ho. 1, January 1929. 

Jull, M. A. — Second-year egg production in re- 
lation to first-year egg production in the do- 
mestic fowl. Poultry Science, v. 7, no. 6, 
pp. 276-286. September 1, 1928. 

Studies in hatchability. I. Hatchabil- 

ity in relation to antecedent egg production 
fertility, and chick mortality. Poultry Sci- 
ence, v. 7, no. 5, pp. 195-215. July 1, 1928. 

Quinn, J. P. — The problem of hatchability. 

0. K. Poultry Journal, v. 18, no. 3, pp. 135, 
151-153. February 1929. 

Schwartz, B. — Gastro-intestinal parasites of 
equines and control measures. Proc. Ken- 
tucky Vet. Med. Assn., pp. 33-45. July 11- 
12, 1928. 

Relation of parasitism to livestock pro- 
duction. Vet. Med., v. 24, no. 2, pp. 54-55. 
February 1929. 

and Price, E. W. — Observations on the 

life history of Stephanurus dentatus. Jrn. 
Parasitol., v. 15, no. 2, pp. 145-146. De- 
cember 1928. 

Titus, H. W. — Growth and the relation be- 
tween live weight and feed consumption in 
the case of White Pekin ducklings. Poultry 
Science, v. 7, no. 6, pp. 254-262. Septem- 
ber, 1, 1928. 

The gross maintenance requirements of 

White Leghorns. Poultrv Science, v. 8, no. 
2, pp. 80-84, January 1, 1929. 

Chemistry and Soils 

Jacob, K. D. — Phosphate rock. Engineering 
and Mining Journal vol. 127, no. 3, p. 103. 
Jan. 19, 1929. 

Dachnowski-Stokbs, A. P. — Vegetation, stra- 
tigraphy, and age of the " open land " peat 
area in Carteret .County, N. C. Journal 
Washington Academy of Sciences vol. 19, no. 

1. Jan. 4, 1929. 

Price, David J. — Mysterious farm fires. Jour- 
nal American Insurance. December 1928. 

Holmes, W. C. and Snyder. E. F. — The at- 
mospheric oxidation, or dealkylation, of 
aqueous solutions of methylene blue. Stain 
Technology vol. 4, no. 1. January 1929. 

Skinner, J. J. — Good soil, fertilization, culti- 
vation, green manuring : The big four in 
pencan growing. National Pecan Exchange 
News vol. 5, no. 11—12. November— December 

Skinner, J. J. — Fertilizers for pecans. Better 
Crops with Plant E'ood vol. XII., no. 1. 
January 1929. 

Dairy Industry 

Reed. O. E. — Needs of the dairy industry. 
DeLaval Monthly, v. 23, no. 1, p. 3, 16. 
January 1929. 


Busck, August. — A new injurious pine moth 
(Lepidoptera : Gelechiidae). Proceedings of 
the Entomological Society of Washington, 
vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 13-15, illus., January 

Caudell. A. N. — A new variety of Inscudderia 
walkeri Hebd. from Virginia (Orthoptera: 
Tettigoniidae). Proceedings of the Ento- 
mological Society of Washington, vol. 31, 
no. 1, pp. 11-13, January 1929. 

Ewing, H. E. — Three new American chiggers 
(Acarina : Trombidiidae). Proceedings of 
the Entomological Society of Washington, 
vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 9-11, January 1929. 

Gahan, A. B. — Description of an egg-parasite 
of Exopthalmus quadrivittatus (Olivier). 
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of 
Washington, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 17-18, Jan- 
uary 1929. 

Heinrich, Carl. — Two new American Coleo- 
phoridae (Lepidoptera). Proceedings of the 
Entmological Society of Washington, vol. 
31, no. 1, pp. 18-19, January 1929. 

Howard, L. O. — Ashmead, William Harris. 
Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 1, 
pp. 392-393, New York, Charles Scribner's 
Sons, 1928. 

Howard, L. O. — Harrison Grav Dyar. Science, 
vol. 69, no. 1780, pp. 151-152, February 8, 

Morgan, A. C. — A new genus and five new 
species of Thysanoptera foreign to the 
United States. Proceedings of the Ento- 
mological Society of Washington, vol. 31, 
no. 1, pp. 1-9, January 1929. 

Schaus, William. — A new species of Danaidae 
from the Philippine Islands in the United 
States National Museum. Proceedings of 
the Entomological Society of Washington, 
vol. 31, no. 1, p. 20, January 1929. 

Walton, W. R. — Needham's elementary les- 
sons on insects. Proceedings of the Ento- 
mological Society of Washington, vol. 31, 
no. 1, p. 20, January 1929. 

Forest Service 

Bates, C. G. — Tree " seed farms." Journal 
of Forestry, v. 26, no. 8, p. 969-76. 

Browne, F. L., and Brouse, D. — Nature of 
adhesion between glue and wood. Indus- 
trial and Engineering Chemistry, v. 21, no. 
1, p. 80-84, illus., January 1929. 

Carlson, T. A. — Seals for fiber boxes. Pack- 
age Advertiser, 3 pp. illus., December, 1928. 

Coville, P. — Some aspects of forest genetics. 
Journal of Forestry, v. 26, no. 8, p. 977-93, 
December 1928. 

Davidson, P. B., and Sherrard, E. C. — The 
tannin content of Alaskan mountain hem- 
lock bark (Tsuga mertensiana). Journal 
of the American Leather Chemists Asso- 
ciation, v. 23, p. 371-2, August 1928. 

Dutton, Walt. — Report of range stock busi- 
ness during 1928. Long Creek Ranger, 
Long Creek, Oreg., January 17, 1929. 

Ewing, Carl. — Must have grazing permits by 
February 15. Blue Mountain Eagle, Canyon 
City, Oreg., Jan. 18, 1929. 

Forsling, C. L. — The soil protection problem. 
Journal of Forestry, v. 26, no. 8, p. 994-7, 
December 1928. 

Gemmer, E. W. — Forest plantation experi- 
ments on the Choctawatchee national forest. 
Journal of Forestry, v. 26, no. 8, p 1058-9, 
December 1928. 

Gisborne 1 , H. T. — Brush disposal. The Tim- 
berman, v. 30, no. 3, p. 194-8, January, 

Granger, C. M. — District Forester reviews in- 
come of Federal land here. Klamath News, 
Klamath Falls, Oreg., January 20, 1929. 

Ingram, D. C. — Grazing as a fire prevention 
measure for Douglas fir cut-over lands. 
Journal of Forestry, v. 26, no. 8, pp. 998- 
1005, December 1928. 

Jackson, A. G. — U. S. Forestry Department 
sees benefits. Daily Courier, Grants Pass, 
Oreg., January 18, 1929. 

Marshall, E., and Averill, C. — Soil alka- 
linity on recent burns. Ecology, v. 9, no. 
4, p. 533, October 1928. 

Pearson, G. A. — Measurement of physical fac- 
tors in silviculture. Ecology, v. 9, no. 4, 
pp. 404-11. October 1928. 

Peck, E. C. — Moisture content of softwood 
lumber. The Timberman, v. 30, no. 3, pp. 
99-100, January 1929. 

Roeser, J., jr. — Effect of thinnings in sapling 
Douglas fir in the central Rocky Mountain 
region. Journal of Forestry, v. 26, no. 8, 
pp. 1006-15, December 1928. 

Sherrard, T. H.— The Bull Run reserve. The 
Pacific Engineer, pp. 5-6, January 1929. 

Truax, T. R., and others. — Significance of 
mechanical wood-joint tests for the selec- 
tion of wood-working glues. Industrial and 
Engineering Chemistry, v. 21, no. 1, pp. 74— 
79, illus., January 1929. 

Wehmeter, F. F. — Grazing. Chronical Dis- 
patch, Dayton, Wash., December 27, 1928. 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing- to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

Cotton spacing : I, Studies of the effect on 
yield and earliness. J. O. Ware. (Arkan- 
sas Sta. Bui. 230, 84 p. Jan. 1929.) Fay- 

Poultry farm equipment. H. H. Alp. (Illi- 
nois Sta. Circ. 333, 20 p., 30 figs. Feb. 
1929.) Urbana. 

Meterological observations at the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural Experiment Station. C. I. 


tory, Activities, and Organization. No. 
55 of a series of Service Monographs of tha 
United States Government. Issiced oy The 
Institute for Government Research of The 
Brookings Institution, 26 Jackson Place, 
Washington, D. C. By Jenks Cameron. 

P. 7J,. 

This monograph contains a brief history 
of dairying in the United States and its rela- 
tion to the establishment of dairy work in 
the United States Department of Agriculture, 
first through the Dairy Division of the Bureau 
of Animal Industry and later the Bureau of 
Dairy Industry. The activities and organiza- 
tion- of the bureau are outlined and classified 
to show the lines of work being conducted 
and the personnel and equipment used. The 
monograph also gives a statement describing 
the kinds of publications issued by the bureau, 
and a brief bibliography. Laws relating to 
the establishing of the bureau and its 
branches are appended. The monograph 
makes no attempt to go beyond the facts 
found ; it offers no criticism and makes no 
recommendations, the purpose of the mono- 
graphs being only to present a basis of fact. 
Copies may be obtained from the institute, 
or The Lord Baltimore Press, Baltimore, Md., 
at $1.50 per copy. 

Gunness and L. O. Jones. (Massachusetts 
Sta. Met. Bui. 480, 4 p. Dec. 1928.) 

Meteorological observations for January, 1929. 
C. I. Gunness and L. O. Jones. (Massachu- 
setts Sta. Met. Bui. 481, 4 p. Jan. 1929.) 

Commercial fertilizers : I, History of fertilizer- 
control work of the station ; II, Composition 
and cost of commercial fertilizers in New 
York State from 1913 to 1928. L. L. Van 
Slyke. (New York State Sta. Bui. 557, 24 p. 
Nov. 1928.) Geneva. 

Spraying experiments with bush Lima beans. 
E. E. Clayton. (New York State Sta. Bui. 

558, 22 p., 2 figs. Nov. 1928.) Geneva. 
Heat-resistant and heat-loving bacteria in 

their relation to the pasteurization of milk. 
R. S. Breed. (New York State Sta. Bui. 

559, 19 p., 6 figs. Nov. 1928.) Geneva. 
Downy and powdery mildews of the grape 

and their control. F. E. Gladwin. (New 
York State Sta. Bui. 560, 14 p., 3 figs. Dec. 
1928.) Geneva. 

The fruit-tree leaf roller in western New 
York S. W. Harman. (New York State 
Sta. Bui. 561, 31 p., 6 figs. Dec. 1928.) 

Chemical studies of grape pigments : II, The 
anthocyans in Clinton grapes. R. J I. An- 
derson and F. P. Nabenhauer. Ill, The an- 
thocvans in Seibel grapes. R. J. Anderson. 
(New York Sta. Tech. Bui. 146, 21 p. July, 
1928.) Geneva. 

Thermophilic and tbermoduric mScro-organ- 
isms with special reference to species iso- 
lated from milk: V, Description of spore- 
forming types. P. S. Prickett. (New York 
State Sta. Tech. Bui. 147, 58 p., 1 fig. 
Oct. 1928.) Geneva. 

The substitution of stable manure by fer- 
tilizers, green manures and peat : III, B. U 
Hartwell and F. K. Crandall. (Rhode Is- 
land Sta. Bui. 216, 20 p. Aug. 1928.) 
Kingston. . 

Cotton diseases of special importance mlen- 
nessee and their control C. D. Sher- 
bakoff. (Tennessee Sta. Circ. 24, 2 p. 
Jan. 1929.) Knoxville. 

Relation of the water-soluble potash, the re- 
placeable and acid-soluble potash to the 
potash removed by crops in pot experiments. 
G S Fraps. (Texas Sta. Bui. 391, 18 p. 
Jan. 1929.) College Station. 

Commercial fertilizers. L. S. Walker and E. 
F Boyce. (Vermont Sta. Bui. 287, 24 p. 
Aug. 1928.) Burlington. 

Agricultural seed. A. S. Lutman. (Vermont 
Sta. Bui. 288, 8 p. Dec. 1928.) Burling- 

Net necrosis of Irish potato tubers. A. H. 
Gilbert. (Vermont Sta. Bui. 289, 36 p., 
12 pis., 7 figs. Sept. 1928.) Burlington. 

Commercial feeding stuffs. L. S. Walker and 
E. F. Bovce. (Vermont Sta. Bui. 290, 38 p. 
Nov. 1928.) Burlington. 

Forty-first annual report, 1927-1928. J. L. 
Hills. Vermont Sta. Bui. 291, 16 p. July, 
1928.) Burlington. 





{Continued from page 1) 

fully as high a proportion of farmers in 
the age class 45 to 60 years made as 
much use of the Federal and State better- 
practice information as in the case of 
the younger farmers. 

The results of this survey were pre- 
sented at a recent conference of exten- 
sion and other department people in 
Washington, by M. C. Wilson, in charge 
of extension studies. Office of Cooperative 
Extension Work. Mr. Wilson said : 

" The farmers in the survey were clas- 
sified into eight groups, each with an age 
difference of five years for the groups. 
In the youngest group (30 years and un- 
der) 76 per cent of the farmers adopted 
better practices, as compared with 77 per 
cent of the groups 31 to 35 and 36 to 40 
years ; 79 per cent of those 41 to 45 years 
of age; 72 per cent of those 46 to 50; 76 
per cent of those 51 to 55 ; 71 per cent 
of those 56 to 60; and 66 per cent of 
those 61 years and older. In spite of 
any lessened physical activity due to ad- 
vancing age, it is interesting to note that 
nearly as high a proportion of the farm- 
ers over 50 years of age made use of the 
extension information in making changes 
in the operation of their farms, as those 
under 50 years of age. 

"A study of the farm women on these 
same farms indicated that age is not an 
important barrier to the making of 
changes. The age groups beginning with 
46 years and extending to 61 years and 
upward, made approximately as much use 
of information relating to better home 
practices as did the farm women of 30 
years and less. However, the very young 
women and the older age groups did not 
change their practices quite as exten- 
sively as did the women in the age groups 
between 31 to 45 years. 

" Information on farm and home prob- 
lems is being applied on a large scale by 
farmers and farm women, regardless of 
the age of the people." 

Mr. Wilson also spoke of the informa- 
tion that is being gathered for the pur- 
pose of showing something on the rela- 
tive cost of the different ways and means 
which are commonly used in extension 
work to get people to adopt the better 
ways of doing things. 

He said that apparently the printed 
word, as it is made use of in the news- 
papers and the other elements of the 
press, and in bulletins, circulars, etc., is 
the cheapest means of getting into use 
the better practices that are recom- 
mended. The radio bas not yet been 
studied in this connection. 


The score card for judging women's 
and children's dresses issued by the Bu- 
reau of Home Economics has been 
adopted by a leading manufacturer of 
cotton print goods and by a large pat- 
tern company as the standard in their 
national dressmaking contests. The bu- 
reau says: This is one of 23 score cards 
on clothing and textiles prepared by the 
bureau three years ago as a means of 
bringing greater uniformity into demon- 
strations organized by extension work- 

ers. The use of the cards by commer- 
cial organizations to raise the stand- 
ard of homemade garments was then un- 
foreseen, nor was it anticipated that 
such a score card might play an active 
part in furthering the program of the 
department on home utilization of Ameri- 
can-made cottons. Last year the cotton- 
goods manufacturer above referred to 
organized a nation-wide cotton-dress con- 
test through local drygoods stores, and 
one of the staff of the Bureau of Home 
Economics assisted in judging the hun- 
dreds of dresses entered in the finals in 
competition for cash prizes totaling 
$1,500. An even more extensive contest 
is planned by this company for this year, 
and new stimulus to such enterprises is 
given by the National Costume Art Asso- 
ciation in designating April 15 to 20 as 
National Sewing Week. Though the im- 
mediate purpose of such contests is to 
increase the sales of fabrics and other 
materials required in home sewing, the 
use of the Government score card gives 
the contests a permanent educational 
value. It focuses attention on quality 
of materials, practical and artistic fea- 
tures of the design and color of the 
dresses, advantages of good workman- 
ship, and value of the garments in rela- 
tion to time and money spent in making. 
A survey made by the bureau in 1925-26 
showed that of the garments that are 
made at home, more of them are made of 
cotton than of other textiles. 


Federal hay inspection was made avail- 
able at Los Angeles on February 1, under 
cooperative arrangements between the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics and 
the California State Department of Agri- 
culture. Walter J. Morgan, Federal hay 
inspection supervisor for the Pacific coast 
district, has been transferred from 
San Francisco to take charge of the hay 
service at Los Angeles. A representative 
of the California State Department of 
Agriculture is associated with Mr. Mor- 
gan. The address of the joint Federal- 
State office in Los Angeles is 700 Date 
Street. The hay shippers of the Imperial 
Valley, the San Joaquin Valley, the Lan- 
caster district, and other important al- 
falfa areas in California have pledged 
their support of the service. The Los 
Angeles County dairymen, the Los Angeles 
stockyards, and other consumers of hay 
have also indicated their interest. The 
organization of this inspection service in 
California was brought about largely on 
the initiative of various producers' organi- 
zations, the California Farm Bureau Fed- 
eration, the Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce, the California Development 
Association, and the California State 
Department of Agriculture. 

A cable recently received by Nils A. 
Olsen, chief of the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics, from Paul O. Nyhus, 
agricultural commissioner at Shanghai, 
China, said that General Feng, popularly 
known in China as the Christian general, 
was interested in purchasing United 
States Department of Agriculture edu- 
cational motion-picture films for the pur- 
pose of showing American farm practices 
and farm life to the people of some of the 
Provinces of his country. 



(Continued from page 1) 

of rubber-yielding plant. Twenty-five 
years ago the rubber from this plant was 
highly prized in France for making auto- 
mobile tires, and at the height of its 
commercial exploitation this rubber com- 
manded a price above $1.20 a pound, 
which was a high price at that time. 
But the high value of this rubber spelled 
the doom of the species as a commercial 
one, at least for the time, for the natives 
collected the rubber so ruthlessly that 
even most botanists acquainted with 
Madagascar feared the species had be- 
come entirely extinct The Humbert- 
Swingle expedition located some of these 
plants growing in an arid region, sub- 
jected yearly to six months without 
rain and sometimes to drought lasting 
as many years. This plant, which is 
almost leafless, is able to withstand these 
extremely arid conditions by having a 
water-storing root system of unique type. 

Before leaving Madagascar with the col- 
lection, much of which was obtained near 
Fort Dauphin on the southeast coast, a 
city which Doctor Swingle says is the 
farthest city in the world from United 
States soil. Doctor Swingle left a dupli- 
cate set of the living plants at Tanana- 
rive, the capital, in the east-central in- 
terior, as a sort of " nest egg " to provide 
replacements in case of losses or injury 
to the collection during its long journey 
to the United States. Another duplicate 
set was sent to the University of Algiers, 
which cooperated in the expedition. 

Plant collections of this kind are not ob- 
tained without considerable labor, time, 
and hardship. In the relatively inacces- 
sible and little-known southern part of 
the island, where Doctor Swingle spent 
most of his time, transportation was ex- 
tremely difficult. Although some of the 
traveling was made by automobile, at 
times it was necessary to use the " filan- 
zana," a peculiar sedan chair swung on 
two 10-foot poles carried by four natives, 
the four men alternating every five min- 
utes or so with the four others who make 
up the 8-man filanzana crew. With the 
baggage carriers and guides, the party on 
the march consisted of 40 or 50 men, and 
30 miles was a good day's travel. 

Doctor Swingle's trip was made pos- 
sible through the cooperation of the Bu- 
reau of Plant Industry with the Arnold 
Arboretum of Boston, the University of 
Algiers, and by the friendly interest and 
numerous courtesies of the French and 
Madagascar Governments. 

Certain parasites which are effective 
against the Japanese beetle are also use- 
full in the control of Asiatic beetles, the 
Bureau of Entomology has found. Ef- 
forts are therefore being made to estab- 
lish the several species of Japanese 
beetle parasites on Long Island and in 
Connecticut, where the Asiatic beetle is 
a pest, to assist in its control. As Japa- 
nese beetles also occur in small numbers 
in both of these areas, the establishment 
of the parasites at suitable points will 
be of great help if the latter become more 
abundant there. The work on these par- 
asite-; has been done at a small field labo- 
ratory of the bureau at Westbury. N. Y. 



united States 


of Agriculture 

Cebtificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

AVashington, March 7, 1929 

No. 10 


Act Involves Increase in General Work- 
ing Funds of Department and 
Decrease in Road Funds 

The bill making appropriations for the 
Department of Agriculture for the fiscal 
year 1930, which begins July 1 next, was 
approved by President Coolidge and be- 
came law February 16. Funds carried in 
this act, together with certain special ap- 
propriations which become available au- 
tomatically at the beginning of each year, 
will make a total of $156,995,030 available 
for 1930. Of this amount $82,000,000 is 
for road building. Increases in the bill 
for the work of the department and for 
payments to States for other than road 
purposes total approximately $4,700,000. 
Decreases carried in the bill, many of 
which are due to the omission of nonre- 
curring items, amount to appproximately 
$1,000,000, making a net increase of about 
$3,700,000. The budget officer of the de- 
partment, W. A. Jump, says it will not be 
possible for his office to furnish a compre- 
hensive analysis of the appropriations for 
next year until after the close of the 
present session of Congress, as the de- 
ficiency bill, which is now pending in the 
Senate, contains a number of important 
items for the Department of Agriculture. 
After action on the deficiency bill has 
been completed, a detailed statement con- 
cerning the appropriations for the fiscal 
year 1930 will be published in The Official 

The President has signed the joint res- 
olution (S. J. Res. 182) providing for the 
relief of farmers in the storm and flood 
stricken areas of certain South Atlantic 

The Senate has passed a resolution (S. 
J. Res. 117) authorizing an investiga- 
tion and survey for a canal across Nica- 

The Senate has agreed to the confer- 
ence report on a bill (S. 3162) authoriz- 
ing the improvement of the Oregon caves 
in the Siskiyou National Forest, Oreg. 

House amendments to the War Depart- 
ment appropriation bill (H. R. 15712) 
have been agreed to by the Senate, pro- 
viding $3,654,000 for the relief of the 
States of Missouri, Mississippi, Louisiana, 
and Arkansas, in connection with losses 
in respect of roads and bridges, suffered 
by those States on account of floods in 
1927. This money is to be expended by 
the highway departments of the States 
in question under rules and regulations to 
be prescribed by the Secretary of Agri- 
culture. The amount would be divided 
(Continued on page 6) 
37878°— 29 


Mr. Eedington, chief of the Bureau of 
Biological Survey, who for 25 years has been 
in the service of the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, 23 of which having been 
in the Forest Service, recently was elected 
president of the Society of American For- 
esters, and on January 15 was made a life 
member of the Academy of Natural Sciences 
of Philadelphia in appreciation of his interest 
in the work of the institution and his efforts 
toward the conservation of wild-animal life. 
Under his direction will be administered the 
Norbeck-Andresen Migratory-Bird Conservation 
Act, approved by President Coolidge on Feb- 
ruary 18, a progressive measure, which, by 
the creation of inviolate refuges, is expected 
to work greatly for the welfare of the val- 
uable birds which migrate over the North 
American Continent. 


Says There Should Be Larger National 

Program for Preventing Waste 

and Maintaining Resources 

Looking to the formulation of a larger 
national program of timber waste pre- 
vention and permanent maintenance of 
forest resources, Secretary Jardine pro- 
posed the launching of a broad public in- 
quiry into the national forestry problem, 
in a statement issued recently. 

Secretary Jardine's statement was is- 
sued in response to a resolution adopted 
by the board of directors of the National 
Lumber Manufacturers' Associatioin at 
its December meeting. The resolution 
took cognizance of the efforts being made 
(Continued on page S) 


Says It Guarantees to AH Generations 

of Americans Yet to Come Their 

Heritage of Bird Life 

Secretary Jardine said in a statement 
issued February 19 that he considered the 
Norbeck-Andresen Migratory-Bird Refuge 
Act, which had just been passed by Con- 
gress by unanimous vote of both Houses 
and approved by the President, to be one 
of the most important wild-life conserva- 
tion measures ever put on the statute 
books of any nation. The outstanding 
exception is the related migratory-bird 
treaty act of 1918, which the present law 
is designed to supplement, he said. Both 
laws were passed to carry out the obliga- 
tions of the United States under the 
treaty w T ith Great Britain to protect the 
wild birds that fly back and forth each 
year from Canada, and both will be ad- 
ministered by the Bureau of Biological 

"The new law," said the Secretary, 
" gives additional force and effect to the 
earlier measure by providing Federal 
funds for the survey, purchase, and estab- 
lishment of large areas throughout the 
entire country to be maintained as in- 
violate sanctuaries — feeding, nesting, and 
resting grounds — where forever the mi- 
grating species of birds may enjoy com- 
plete protection. 

" The measure as passed is a national 
acknowledgment of the tremendous im- 
portance of the birds of America as aids 
in the development of agriculture. It 
acknowledges also the will of the Ameri- 
can people to give adequate protection 
to the beautiful and harmless creatures 
that are heard in season from every 
forest, copse, and hedgerow in the land. 
And it further recognizes the importance 
of the migratory game birds as a food 
supply and primarily as an incentive to 
the healthful sport, outdoor study, and 
recreational activity so essential in the 
development of a sturdy American man- 

" The act definitely strengthens the 
arm of the Federal Government in its 
sound, constructive, and progressive pol- 
icy of bird protection. Civilization and 
the advance of industry, which have 
often been ruthless in their disregard of 
the needs of the wild creatures, are in- 
fluences which from year to year have 
decreased the water and marsh areas 
of the country by many thousands of 
square miles in the aggregate. It is 
evident that close seasons, bag limits, 
and restrictions imposed upon the gun- 
ners of America by the game laws will 
(Continued on page 5) 



No Government in the World Informs Its 

Farmers of Spot Conditions as 

Does the United States 

No other country of the world pro- 
vides its farmers such comprehensive and 
reliable market information upon which 
to build their production and market pro- 
grams as that furnished the American 
farmer by the United States Department 
of Agriculture, said G. A. Collier, in 
charge of the Grain, Hay, and Feed Mar- 
ket News Service of the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics, in a talk before a 
recent extension conference in Washing- 
ton. " The American farmer no longer 
need depend upon the meager informa- 
tion which trickles down to him from 
trade sources, but may obtain from his 
radio station, the local newspaper, or 
direct from the offices of the Grain, Hay, 
and Feed Market News Service the latest 
and most authentic information concern- 
ing the crop or market conditions which 
are influencing or dominating the market 
for his products," he said. 

" The department's market news service 
has a threefold function. First, collecting 
or assembling of the information ; second, 
evaluating, interpreting, and incorporating 
the data into the various reports ; and 
third, disseminating or distributing the 

" The Grain, Hay, and Feed Market 
News Service obtains from every avail- 
able source information on crop and 
market conditions, not only in the United 
States but in all important producing and 
consuming countries. In the United 
Srates all governmental agencies dealing 
with weather and crop conditions are 
utilized, while branch offices or com- 
mercial contacts are maintained in all 
the important grain, hay, and feed mar- 
kets from which are obtained, by tele- 
graph, reports on the latest market de- 
velopments as to these commodities. 
Foreign crop and market information is 
obtained in much the same manner. All 
this material is brought together in the 
Washington office, where, away from the 
warping influence of the big markets, it is 
analyzed, evaluated, and incorporated in 
various reports or reviews issued by the 
Grain, Hay, and Feed Market News 

" These reports are prepared and is- 
sued with the greatest possible speed 
consistent with accuracy. They must be 
in order that the farmer may have the 
information while of greatest value to 
him. To facilitate the preparation of 
the reports, many tables, charts, and 
graphs are kept constantly up to date 
for ready reference. These make pos- 
sible the rapid preparation of statements 
on new developments in the markets. 
Trained personnel study and evaluate 
the data as they are received by wire, 
mail, and through other channels, and 
clerks immediately list and chart the 

"Quick dissemination of the reviews 
is of the utmost importance. This is ac- 
complished primarily by means of the 
department's leased-wire service. The 

various reports are placed immediately 
upon the leased wire for transmission to 
branch offices or distributing points, 
where they are immediately mimeo- 
graphed, released to the radio stations 
and newspapers, or mailed to various 
other distributing agencies or individ- 
uals. Most of the large radio stations, 
about 300 newspapers, a number of agri- 
cultural publications, more than 5,000 
banks, and several thousand individuals 
interested in agriculture are now being 
served directly by the Grain, Hay, and 
Feed Market News Service. Through 
the radio stations, newspapers, and other 
publicity agencies the information fur- 
nished by this service is made available 
to several million American farmers." 



(Continued from page 1) 

as follows: Missouri, $258,418; Missis- 
sippi, $628,000; Louisiana, $967,582; Ar- 
kansas, $1,800,000. 

A bill (S. 5632) authorizing the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture to establish and op- 
erate protein-testing laboratories at con- 
venient places has been passed by the 
Senate. This measure would appropriate 
$285,000 for expenditures in the fiscal 
years 1929 and 1930. 

Among the bills passed by the House 
are: H. R. 16720, amending the United 
States warehouse act; S. 4528, authoriz- 
ing the Secretary of the Interior to em- 
ploy consulting engineering and econo- 
mists on reclamation work; H. J. Res. 
382, appropriating $40,000 to send dele- 
gates and an exhibit to the Fourth 
World's Poultry Congress ; S. J. Res. Ill, 
authorizing the Secretary of Agriculture 
to accept title to certain lands adjacent 
to the Columbia River bird refuge in the 
State of Washington; H. R. 14938, pro- 
viding for the use of net weights in 
interstate and foreign commerce in cot- 
ton ; H. R. 15218, amending the food and 
drugs act; S. 3001, revising the bound- 
aries of the Yellowstone National Park; 
S. 4704, authorizing the Secretary of the 
Interior to report on the advisability of 
establishing a national park, to be known 
as the Tropic Everglades National Park, 
in the State of Florida ; S. 4385, to estab- 
lish the Teton National Park in South 

Bills introduced are: 


S. 5876, Capper (Kansas). — For the acqui- 
sition and development of the George Wash- 
ington Memorial Parkway along the Potomac 
from Mount Vernon and Fort Washington to 
Great Palls, and to provide for the acquisition 
of lands in the District of Columbia and the 
States of Maryland and Virginia requisite to 
the comprehensive park, parkway, and play- 
ground system of the National Capital. 

S. 5880, Johnson (California). — Providing 
for the preservation and consolidation of cer- 
tain timber stands along the western bound- 
ary of the Yosemite National Park. 

S. 5848, Copeland (New York). — To estab- 
lish a commission on a national museum of 
engineering and industry. 


H. R. 17221, Englebright (California). — To 
include certain lands in the Lassen National 
Forest. Calif. 

H. R. 17178, Lankford (Georgia). — Provid- 
ing for surveys, etc., relating to a drainage 
and reclamation project in south Georgia and 
north Florida, 

Department Urges Farmers to Buy 
Only Alfalfa of Verified Origin 

Through the press and by other means, 
the department is advising those who 
purchase alfalfa seed this season to make 
sure that the seed they buy is adapted 
to the conditions where it is to be grown. 
The crop of alfalfa seed was relatively 
small last year, and the prices are now 
relatively high, and unadapted seed may 
be offered for sale in some instances. 
The advice applies especially to com- 
mon alfalfa seed or seed not covered by 
State certification as to variety. A bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics state- 
ment issued by the department to the 
press says the following: 

If farmers are in doubt as to what seed 
to buy, they should consult their county 
agent or write their State experiment sta- 
tion ; and they should specify that the 
seed bought shall be of tr. s. verified 
origin, with the further precaution to see 
that a u. s. verified-origix seed certifi- 
cate tag is attached to each bag of seed. 

Forty-six seed dealers in 19 States 
have been authorized by the department 
to issue verified-origin seed certificates. 
These dealers handle about 85 per cent 
of the alfalfa seed produced in central 
and northern producing districts. They 
are required to have, as far as possible, 
all alfalfa seed handled by them (except 
State-certified or imported seed) veri- 
fied as to origin through inspection cer- 
tificates issued by Federal inspectors. 

Verified-origin alfalfa seed may be ob- 
tained either directly from one of the 46 
verified-origin seed dealers or from a 
retail dealer handling verified-origin al- 
falfa seed under certificate of a verified- 
origin seed dealer. Such seed may cost a 
little more than seed of nonverified or- 
igin, because of the expense of keepins 
records and in certificating, but the ad- 
ditional cost is insignificant as compared 
with the value in planting such seed. 

Government supervision is maintained 
over the 46 verified-origin dealers. 
Should any question arise as to the au- 
thenticity and identity of any lot of veri- 
fied-origin alfalfa seed, a 4-ounce sample 
and certificate should be sent for exami- 
nation to the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, Washington, D. C. The veri- 
fied-origin certificate is warranty for or- 
igin only, and not variety, purity, ger- 
mination, .quality, grade, or anything 

A preliminary showing of a department 
film, What About a Combine? was given 
in the Motion Picture Laboratory Feb- 
ruary 20 before members of the staff of 
the Bureau of Agricultural Economies. 
Different methods of harvesting and the 
changes that have occurred in harvesting 
and threshing grain from Biblical times 
to the present are shown. The views were 
taken in Manchuria, on the Pacific coast, 
in Oklahoma, Montana. Virginia, and 
Pennsylvania. The film is designed to 
show farmers the possibilities of reducing 
their harvesting costs by use of combines. 
It is expected that final showing of this 
film will soon be made to members of the 
entire department 



Major Stuart, Chief Forester, Says the Custom or Practice, Which Is Too Often Bad in Its 
Effects, Can Be Stopped by Reaching the Burner with the Right Information 

In calling attention to the prevalence of 
forest fires at this season in the Southern 
States, Maj. R. Y. Stuart, chief of the 
Forest Service, points out that promiscu- 
ous woods-burning results in great de- 
struction of resources and is a hindrance 
to progress in the South. The following 
statement on the subject by the chief 
forester has been sent by the department 
to southern elements of the press. 

" Following blind custom, or actuated 
by a mistaken belief in benefits to be 
obtained, many persons continue to set 
fire to the woods at this time of the year. 
Whatever the motive may be that prompts 
people to burn the woods, the result is 
apt to be loss to themselves, their neigh- 
bors, and the community. Woods burn- 
ing in the South is directly responsible 
for losses running into hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars annually. 

" What is needed is a more widespread 
realization that young growing trees have 
a definite money value. When the woods 
burner allows fire to destroy the young 
growth of the forest he is burning up 
wealth as surely as if he were feeding 
greenbacks into the stove. 

"The South still has more forest fires 
than any other section of the country. 
Approximately 20,000,000 acres of forest 
and cut-over land are burned over yearly 
in the Southern States, and this is about 
80 per cent of the total forest area burned 
in the United States. 

" The department's attitude toward the 
practice of woods burning is clearly de- 
fined in a statement issued recently by 
the Forest Service: 

" ' The South needs productive forest 
and range lands to maintain its pros- 
perity, but it can not have them while 
woods burning continues. Like the boll 
weevil, the malaria germ, or the cattle 
tick, the woods burner drags down busi- 
ness and undermines the general welfare. 
Because of him, only a small percentage 
of merchantable second-growth timber, 
which could have replaced the virgin 
stand, is now available on cut-over lands. 
Because of him, land values have 
suffered, industries and population have 
moved out, and idle acres have multi- 
plied. Because of him, every year mil- 
lions of young forest seedlings, which in 
a short time would have constituted a 
valuable asset to landowners, have been 
licked up by the flames. 

" ' Woods fires can be stopped in the 
South, because man is almost the sole 
cause. The woods burner may be misin- 
formed or he may be acting merely in 
accordance with custom. In either of 
these cases all that is necessary is to 
reach him with the right information. 
If he is actuated by malicious motives, 
severe measures may be necessary. But 
whatever his motive, he creates a danger 
when he sets fire in the woods. An indi- 
vidual has the right to burn his own land, 
provided he confines the fire to his own 
property and otherwise conforms with 
the law ; but he is grievously at fault, 
unfair to his neighbors, and unmindful 
of the welfare of his community when he 
permits the fire set on his land to spread 

to the land of another. Timber growing 
can not be safely practiced in the South 
until the man who burns the woods is 
held to strict accountability for his acts. 
The irresponsible burner must be ban- 
ished from the woods, and the well-in- 
tentioned burner must squarely face the 
responsibility incurred when he starts 
fire on his own land. The South can not 
afford to permit the woods burner to 
block its economic progress.' " 


Reports on the abundance of wild 
waterfowl in the Chesapeake Bay region 
during the past open season have been 
very gratifying to the officials of the Bu- 
reau of Biological Survey charged with 
the enforcement of Federal game laws. 
Data gathered by the survey from re- 
ports of observations, from information 
in the press, and from reports from 
sportsmen are to the effect that there 
have been many more ducks and geese 
in the waters of the Chesapeake this win- 
ter than for several years. Especially 
does this appear to be true of the canvas- 
back, the most sought after of all our 
ducks. In the Hoopers Island section, 
about midway the length of the bay on 
the eastern shore of Maryland, large 
numbers of geese, brant, and many spe- 
cies of ducks have congregated, some- 
times in such numbers that their noise 
has disturbed people in their sleep at 
night. This is especially true of the 
waters in the vicinity of what is known 
as Ban-en Island Bar, a large, shallow- 
water area extending several miles into 
the Chesapeake, on which the birds can 
not be hunted even in the open season 
without violating some State or Federal 
law. In consequence they gather there, 
seeming to know that they are protected 
and, spreading out, afford shooting to the 
hunters of the clubs located along many 
miles of bay and river shores in places 
where licensed blinds are located and 
where it is legal to shoot waterfowl be- 
tween November 1 and January 31. 



(Continued from page 1) 
to obtain Federal and State legislation 
permitting control of overproduction of 
oil and coal, and took the position that 
any such legislation should likewise per- 
mit control of lumber production. 

In his comment on the resolution the 
Secretary said, in part: 

" Orderly production is essential not 
only to the financial welfare of the 
lumber industry itself, but to the solu- 
tion of the forest problem as a whole and 
the economic welfare of the Nation. For 
these reasons the problem of lumber pro- 
duction not only should be dealt with, but 
should be dealt with constructively. 

"It must be realized, however, that 
overproduction is only one of many 
symptoms growing out of the greater evil 

of overexploitation of the forests. * * * 
The actual lumber surplus, while of great 
influence on market prices, is of little 
consequence to the conservation of our 
remaining timber compared with the im- 
mense quantities of low-grade material 
sacrificed in a general effort for early 
liquidation, and is of still less conse- 
quence compared with the loss of growth 
resulting from exploitation that fails 
to make proper "provisions for a future 
forest. * * * 

" Public assistance, by legislation or 
otherwise, to control production of lum- 
ber, would have its justification in the 
protection of the public interest by 
preventing the waste of forest re- 
sources * * *. While the public has 
a large interest in using the present sup- 
ply of timber without waste, it has a 
much larger interest in abolishing a more 
serious, and, in the long run, a more 
costly type of waste — namely, the waste 
of the potential growing power of our 
forest land that is caused by destructive 
methods of exploitation * * *. Any 
legislation or other public assistance to 
control the production of lumber to avoid 
waste of usable material should be cou- 
pled with plans and undertakings by the 
public and by forest owners to keep forest 
land productive and secure from de- 
structive practices. 

" * * * It is true that an adequate 
program of reforestation requires the 
leadership, cooperation, and action of the 
Federal Government and the States, as 
the lumbermen's resolution has pointed 
out. It is equally true that this program 
requires the full and active participation 
of the private owners who control four- 
fifths of all forest land in the United 

" The need for a more complete under- 
standing of the whole problem might be 
met," Secretary Jardine said, " through 
the medium of a broad public inquiry, 
preferably through a Government com- 
mission." He said that such an inquiry 
should endeavor to formulate a national 
forestry program involving specifically : 

(1) Public assistance in strengthening 
and stabilizing the forest industries in 
order that they can undertake orderly 
production and continuous timber grow- 
ing as an industrial enterprise, and more 
advice and assistance to farmers and 
other small-forest owners. 

(2) Larger public and private partici- 
pation in forest fire protection in order to 
make it universal and effective. 

(3) Large extension of Federal and 
State ownership, an immediate and as- 
sured means of restricting the field of 
destructive exploitation by bringing a 
larger proportion of the forest area under 
productive management as a measure of 
public security. 

(4) Making public forests fully pro- 
ductive, especially through complete pro- 
tection, more intensive management, and 
an adequate program of planting. 

(5) Aggressive cooperation with forest 
owners and industries to abolish destruc- 
tive forest exploitation and to create co- 
operative agencies to this end, and to 
stimulate larger industrial participation 
in an enlarged program of forest research. 

(6) Investigation of the importance 
and feasibility of public measures to pre- 
vent destructive forest exploitation, in- 
cluding a study of public measures to 
this end in other countries. 



i United States I 


r op Agricuutjee 

Issned Every Thursday from the Press Service 

Washington, D. C 

The Official Record is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the bureau or office 
officially concerned with the. subject matter. 

Copy must be received before Wednesday 
noon in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Record is at 
215 Thirteenth Street SW., in the Press Serv- 
ice. Telephone : Main 46o0, branch 242. 



The division of cotton marketing of the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics an- 
nounces the following list of delegates of 
the leading European cotton associations 
who are coming to Washington to take 
part in the biennial cotton conference to 
be held the middle of March under the 
universal standards agreements existing 
between the department and the associa- 
tions : 

Liverpool Cotton Association (Ltd.) — J. C. 
Finlay and A. C. Nickson, Liverpool, England. 

Manchester Cotton Association (Ltd.) — 
William Heaps and Richard Brooks, Man- 
chester, England. 

Syndicat du Commerces des Cotons au 
Havre — A. Schadegg and J. Westphalen-Le- 
maitre, Havre, France. 

Bremer Baumwollborse — George A. Furst 
and Heinrich Westerschulte, Bremen, Ger- 

Associasione Cotoniera Italiana — Luigi Gar- 
bagnati and Achille Olcese, Milan, Italy. 

Marche de Coton a Gand — Robert Pflieger 
and Auguste A. L. M. Van Horen, jr., Ghent, 

Centro Algodonero de Barcelona — Mateio 
Olive and Pedro Baste, Barcelona, Spain. 

C. Stahl, jr., and I. J. Kalmon, Rotterdam, 

Federation of Master Cotton Spinners' As- 
sociations (Ltd.) — Joseph Wild and James 
Littlewood, Manchester, England. 

Edward A. Foley, agricultural commis- 
sioner at London, and William I. Holt, 
senior marketing specialist and agricul- 
tural commissioner of the division of cot- 
ton marketing at Havre, France, have 
been called to Washington for the con- 
ference by the Bureau of Agricultural 


Sixteen field statisticians of the Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics reported at the 
bureau in Washington February 18 for 
the third statistical conference and course 
of instruction conducted by the division 
of crop and livestock estimates since 1927. 
They are: Frank Andrews, Utah; A. E. 
Anderson, Nebraska ; H. F. Bryant, Ken- 
tucky ; L. M. Carl, Iowa ; E. L. Gasteiger, 
Pennsylvania ; L. L. Janes, Louisiana ; 
M. M. Justin, Indiana ; P. H. Kirk, Min- 

nesota ; E. A. Logan, Missouri ; H. A. 
Marks, Florida ; S. T. Marsh, Tennessee ; 
D. A. McCandliss, Mississippi ; G. L. Mor- 
gan, New Jersey ; E. C. Paxton, Kansas ; 
H. H. Schutz, Texas ; and George A. 
Scott, California. Classes are being held 
for four weeks, under the direction of 
Charles F. Sarle, senior statistician of 
the Washington office, who is giving in- 
struction in correlation methods, particu- 
larly multiple and curvilinear correla- 
tion and in the theory of sampling. The 
group is working on a 12-hour-a-day 
schedule, the amount of work being 
equivalent to one year's college course in 
statistics. A great deal of preliminary 
work was done by the men before coming 
to Washington, Mr. Sarle having sent out 
a series of correspondence lessons during 
the year. 


Secretary Jardine, who retired from 
the Cabinet on March 4, was the guest 
of honor at a Department of Agriculture 
dinner given by the directors, bureau 
chiefs, former bureau chiefs, and assist- 
ants to the Secretary at the Cosmos 
Club, Washington, D. C, on Saturday 
evening, February 23. Miniature por- 
traits of the Secretary on hand-lettered 
cards served as place cards for the guests 
and as mementoes of the farewell gath- 
ering. Dr. A. F. Woods, director of sci- 
entific work, presided, and brief talks 
were made by Secretary Jardine; T. H. 
MacDonald, chief of the Bureau of Public 
Roads; Dr. Louise Stanley, chief of the 
Bureau of Home Economics ; Dr. C. C. 
Clark, assistant chief of the Weather Bu- 
reau ; and M. S. Eisenhower, director of 
the Office of Information. Secretary Jar- 
dine said that the last four years had been 
the happiest of his career. He paid high 
tribute to the character, intelligence, and 
industry of the men and women who 
make up the Department of Agriculture. 
The fact that many pieces of construc- 
tive legislation for agriculture have been 
adopted, that research funds have been 
greatly increased, and that the employees 
generally feel that much progress has 
been made, gave him cause for deep 
gratification, he said. He spoke espe- 
cially of the spirit of cooperation which 
he said prevailed in the department, and 
said the path of any Secretary of Agri- 
culture is made easier by such a spirit. 
He concluded by saying that he would 
rather have represented the farmers of 
America in the Cabinet than to have held 
any other office within the gift of the 
American people. The Secretary was 
presented with a volume of autographed 
portraits of those who have worked with 
him in the last four years, and in pre- 
senting it Mr. Eisenhower said it carried 
the admiration, respect, and devotion 
which all the employees had for him 
deep in their hearts. 

Last year 500 United States marines 
and seamen aided in fighting the disas- 
trous fires that occurred on the Cleve- 
land National Forest in California, and 
in this connection, the services of 100 
British seamen were offered by Vice 
Admiral Cyril T. M. Fuller, commandant 
of the American-West Indies squadron 
of the Royal British Navy. 


European Corn Borer Quarantine Regulations 
Extended to New Areas 

Under an amendment to the European corn 
borer quarantine regulations issued February 
27 by Secretary Jardine, certain new terri- 
tory, mainly that found infested with this 
insect last season, was added to the regulated 
area effective March 1. At the same time 
the requirement of certification was discon- 
tinued with respect to packages of shelled 
corn weighing 2 pounds or less. 

The two-generation area was enlarged to 
include 28 more towns in Middlesex, New 
London, and Windham Counties, Conn. ; one 
in Worcester County. Mass. ; four in Cum- 
berland and Sagadahoc Counties, Me. : and 
eight in Carroll. Cheshire, and Grafton Coun- 
ties, N. H. Throughout this area inspection 
and certification is now required with respect 
to shelled corn (except in packages of 2 
pounds or less), the cleaned seed of broomeorn 
and of sorghums and Sudan grass, celery, 
green beans in the pod, beets with tops, rhu- 
barb, oat and rye straw as such or when used 
as packing, cut flowers and entire plants of 
chrysanthemum, aster, cosmos, zinnia, holly- 
hock, gladiolus, and dahlia. 

The additional territory in the one-genera- 
tion or western area is more extensive. It 
consists of 7 towns in Cheshire and Sullivan 
Counties, N. H. ; all of Addison, Chittenden. 
Franklin, Grand Isle, Rutland, and Windham 
Counties, and 35 towns in Bennington. La- 
moille, Orleans, Washington, and Windsor 
Counties, Vt. ; 36 towns in Berkshire, Franklin, 
Hampden, and Hampshire Counties. Mass. ; 
1 town in Hartford County. Conn. ; all of 
Carbon, Mifflin. Monroe, Pike, and Wayne 
Counties ; and 31 towns in Columbia. Greene, 
Montour, Northumberland, and Schuylkill 
Counties, Pa. ; 6 towns in Marshall County. 
W. Va. ; 131 towns in Belmont, Clarke, Darke. 
Fairfield, Fayette, Greene. Guernsey, Madison, 
Miami, Montgomery. Muskingum, Perry, and 
Pickaway Counties, Ohio ; 60 towns in Dela- 
ware, Fulton, Grant, Huntington, Jay. Kosci- 
usko, Laporte. Marshall, Randolph, Starke, 
St. Joseph, and Wells Counties, Ind. ; and all 
of the heretofore unregulated parts of the 
State of Michigan. 

The requirements for the one-generation area 
provide for the inspection and certification of 
shelled corn (excepr in packages of 2 pounds 
or less) and cleaned seed of broomeorn and of 
sorghum and Sudan grass only, as the strain 
of the borer found in that region does not 
attack flowers and vegetables. 

The shipment of ear corn, cornstalks, and 
other parts and debris of corn, broomeorn, 
sorghum, and Sudan grass plants from the 
regulated areas to or through points outside 
thereof is; prohibited. 

The actual spread of the borer in the last 
year, except in the New England States, was 
less than in previous seasons. In Indiana, 
however, it has found its way west to the 
shore of Lake Michigan, and that fact, added 
to its spread in the upper peninsula of the 
State of Michigan, is the cause of the exten- 
sion of the quarantine to cover that entire 

Bureau of the Budget 

Assignment of Col. H. S. Kerrick to Doty as Coordinator, 
Sixth Area 

Cibculab No. 254 — February 16, 1929. — In 
accordance with the provisions of Circular No. 
15, Bureau of the Budget, dated July 27, 
1921, and upon the recommendation of the 
War Department, Col. Harrison S. Kerrick, 
United States Army, is hereby assigned to duty 
as coordinator of the sixth area with station 
at Kansas City, Mo. 

— H. M. Lord, Direct ur. 

The Official Record has a column which 
runs under the head "New Ideas and Dis- 
coveries." The purpose of this column is to 
give publication to the new things in science, 
administration, and invention, which are 
found, conceived, or developed by the people 
of the department. The column is open to the 
entire staff of the department for contribu- 
tion to it. The principal requirement is that 
the subject matter be presented from the point 
of view that the chemist, the entomologist, 
the administrator, the economist, the geneti- 
cist, et al.. are largely layineu to one another 
outside their particular subject-matter spe- 



Schedule of Speakers and Their Sub- 
jects and Dates for the Broadcast Week 
Beginning Monday, March 18 

The noonday radio network program of 
Department of Agriculture speakers is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m. eastern 
standard time ; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m. central 
standard time; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m. 
mountain standard time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Company : KFKX, Chi- 
cago; KDKA, Pittsburgh; KSTP, St. 
Paul-Minneapolis ; WOW, Omaha; 
WDAF, Kansas City; KWK, St. Louis; 
KVOO, Tulsa; WOAI, San Antonio; 
WSM, Nashville; WSB, Atlanta; KOA, 
Denver; WMC, Memphis; WRC, Wash- 
ington; WFAA, Dallas; WHAS, Louis- 
ville; and WOC, Davenport. 

Monday, March 18 

World Wheat Markets in March. — Dr. 
O. C. Stine, in charge of the division of 
statistical and historical research, Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics. 

Controlling Wheat and Barley Scab. — 
Dr. J. G. Dickson, agent in cereal disease 
investigation, Bureau of Plant Industry. 

Tuesday, March 19 

C. F. 

Simplifying the Calendar. — Prof. 
Marvin, chief of the Weather Bureau. 

New Refuges Under the Migratory Bird 
Conservation Act. — Paul G. Redington, chief 
of the Bureau of Biological Survey. 

Wednesday, March 20 

The Biennial International Conference 
on Cotton Standards. — A. W. Palmer, princi- 
pal marketing specialist, in charge of the divi- 
sion of cotton marketing, Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

Fighting the Corn Borer With Machin- 
ery. — S. H. McCrory, chief of the division of 
agricultural engineering, Bureau of Public 

Thursday, March 21 

Special Summary of Report : Intentions 
to Plant Spring Crops. — W. F. Callander, 
chairman of the Federal Crop Reporting Board. 

Friday, March 22 

Progress in the Apple Industry. — Dr. 
W. A. Taylor, chief of the Bureau of Plant 

Trends in Apple-Tree Plantings. — W. H. 
Youngman, associate economist, division of 
farm management and costs, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 



Applications must be on file with the Civil 
Service Commission at Washington, D. C, not 
later than March 27. The examination is to 
fill a vacancy in the Bureau of Plant Indus- 
try for duty at Cairo, Ga., and vacancies oc- 
curring in positions requiring similar qualifi- 
cations, for duty in Washington, D. C, or in 
the field. The entrance salaries range from 
$2.6v,0 to $3,100 a year ; higher-salaried posi- 
tions are filled through promotion. The duties 
are, operating a field station devoted to the 
production of sugar cane for sirup-making pur- 
poses and the making of sirup therefrom, in- 
volving the following duties : Planning and 
conducting varietal and cultural tests and 
ciop rotations with sugar cane; making sirup 
from experimental crops of sugar cane, devis- 
ing improvements in methods and apparatus 
for making sirup from sugar cane under farm 
conditions, acting in general charge of the 

station, and also participating in variety tests 
at cooperating experiment stations and at 
other test fields. Competitors will not be re- 
quired to report for examination at any place 
hut will be rated on education, training, ex- 
perience, and a thesis or publication to be 

Full information may be obtained from the 
United States Civil Service Commission, Wash- 
ington, D. C., or the secretary of the United 
States Civil Service Board of Examiners at 
the post office or customhouse in any city. 

Forest Reservation Commission 

Approves Lands for Acquisition 

The purchase by the Federal Govern- 
ment of a total of 234,920 acres of forest 
land in the East was approved by the Na- 
tional Forest Reservation Commission at 
a meeting February 21, the Secretary of 
War, Dwight C. Davis, presiding. The 
new areas will be added to< the Eastern, 
Southern, and Lake States national for- 
est purchase units which already have 
been established by the commission. The 
proposed purchases will represent a total 
cost to the Government of $944,217.92. 
The lands are to be acquired at an aver- 
age cost of $4.02 per acre, the range of 
prices going to make up the acreage being 
governed by differences in value of soil 
for forestry purposes and in quantity and 
quality of timber on the different tracts. 

The lands just approved for purchase 

Purchase unit 



White Mountain — N. H 




34, 010 

10, 618 








25, 198 


49, 631 

27, 067 

47, 602 

$320. 00 

11, 154. 00 

Huron (Tawas) — Mich 

3, 940. 73 

54, 415. 41 

Marquette — Mich 

16, 957. 49 

6, 614. 00 

Mount Mitchell— N. C. 

1, 897. 00 

Nantahala — Ga., Tenn., and S. C. 
Savannah — Ga 

25, 516. 50 
19, 754. 75 

Natural Bridge — Va._ 

7, 928. 00 

13, 612. 40 

17, 360. 00 

80, 206. 00 

Catahoula — La 

50, 535. 00 

Ozark — Ark 

273, 815. 82 

Allegheny — Pa 

228, 681. 57 

131, 509. 25 


234, 920 

944, 217. 92 

The approval of the purchase program 
for the Ouachita unit in Arkansas was 
conditioned upon a further determination 
of certain facts relating to such of the 
lands as are situated in Montgomery 
County. The commission approved the 
extension of Weeks law purchases to two 
existing national forests, the Ocala and 
the Choctawhatchee, in Florida ; and au- 
thorized the establishment of a third pur- 
chase area, designated the Osceola, in 
Baker, Columbia, Clay, Bradford, and 
Union Counties in the northern part of 
that State. It also approved changing 
the name of the Tawas unit in Michigan 
to Huron to conform with the title of 
the national forest with which it co- 

A record-breaking registration for this 
year is reported by the New York State 
College of Forestry, with 147 students 
admitted as freshmen and 11 of advanced 
standing accepted on transfer from other 
institutions. Admission had to be re- 
fused to 35 applicants. 



(Continued from page 1) 
all prove ultimately ineffectual to per- 
petuate our birds if the destruction of 
their habitat is allowed to continue 

"Far-sighted sportsmen, conservation- 
ists, and nature lovers throughout the 
country have long recognized the major 
elements of the problem and have en- 
deavored to arouse the public to a reali- 
zation of the Impending disaster that 
must surely have befallen the migratory 
birds but for the timely passage of this 
act. The idea in some form or other 
has been before Congress for six years, 
but the various bills introduced from 
time to time and intended to provide re- 
lief have failed of passage in one or both 
Houses because certain provisions have 
lacked the approval of the combined 
groups that were demanding adequate 
and comprehensive legislation well sup- 
ported with necessary funds. 

" The public-shooting-grounds feature 
in earlier bills caused much dissension, 
as did the provision that would require 
a Federal license fee from every person 
who hunted migratory game birds. These 
and other doubtful provisions were 
finally eliminated, and the resulting 
measure at once had the endorsement 
and approval of the entire country. 

" The National Committee on Wild 
Life Legislation, an influential group of 
men representing practically every na- 
tional conservation organization in Amer- 
ica, the National Federation of Women's 
Clubs, and other bodies, as well as an 
uncounted number of individuals, gave 
full and effective support to the measure. 
Thus, with champions of the cause in all 
parts of the country and in both Houses 
of Congress, to press the matter, the 
perfected bill received unanimous ap- 

" The Biological Survey, which admin- 
isters the Federal activities relative to 
migratory birds, estimates that 100 to 
125 refuges will eventually be needed. 
These will be located in suitable areas 
in all parts of the country. The exact 
locations of the great system of refuges 
will closely follow the main migratory 
flight lines and concentration areas. 
These matters will be finally determined 
after a thorough survey has been made 
by the experts of the department as 
provided for in the act. * * * 

" Without the refuge act to support 
the provisions of earlier Federal legis- 
lation it is difficult to conceive how our 
birds — the ducks, the geese, and the 
myriad species of song birds and insect 
destroyers — could for long withstand or 
survive in satisfactory numbers the en- 
croachments of industry and the losses 
sustained by indiscriminate shooting on 
practically every feeding ground in the 
country. The act virtually guarantees 
to all generations of Americans yet to 
come an undiminished share of that) 
marvelous heritage of bird life which 
nature has bestowed upon our country. 
Americans may well call down blessings 
upon the heads of those whose love of 
nature, whose far-sightedness, and whose 
practical common sense generously exer- 
cised in the adjustment of a difficult 
problem have made a splendid law 



graphed.) By Charles H. Flory, the commis- 
sioner, Juneau, Alaska. P. 34. 
A bill (S. 3928) authorizing the Secretaries 
of the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, 
and the Interior to designate a resident mem- 
ber of each of their staffs as an ex-officio 
commissioner for Alaska was passed by Con- 
gress May 14, 1926. A similar bill was in- 
troduced in the House. The measure became 
law February 10, 1927. The act directs each 
of the three Secretaries to delegate and assign 
to his respective commissioner general charge 
of any or all matters in Alaska that are under 
the direction of the particular department. 
The general purpose of the act is to enable 
each of the Secretaries to coordinate and con- 
solidate the work of his department in Alaska, 
to eliminate duplication and unnecessary ex- 
pense, to simplify and improve administra- 
tion, to eliminate long-range administration 
as far as possible by having a single respon- 
sible local administrative head for all activi- 
ties, to create a pooling of departmental re- 
sources and equipment and promote the spirit 
of teamwork, and, above all. to make the 
most of a unified viewpoint as a guide in the 
formulation of policies and plans. In this 
report Commissioner Flory discusses his work 
in general and in detail, and his report should 
be examined by bureaus and offices of this 
department which have work in Alaska. 

STATION, 1927. By C. W. Edwards et al P. 
17, pis., 3 figs. Feb. 23, 1929. 
Conditions generally during the year covered 
by the report are said to have been unusually 
favorable to crop production. The work in 
agronomy dealt mainly with lawn grasses 
which are thought to be better suited to local 
conditions than are some of the native species, 
and with forage crops appearing to be of 
value for Guam, fiber plants, legumes, and 
root crops. The work in horticulture included 
efforts to increase the production of better 
varieties of fruit, cultural tests with the 
hanana, variety tests with cabbages, and the 
crossbreeding of tomatoes. Results of experi- 
ments to determine the feasibility of keeping 
the so-called native oranges, cahits. and 
naranghitas in cold storage and at ordinary 
room temperature are described. Statements 
are made on feeding and breeding experiments 
with the station horses, cattle, swine, and 
poultry. The entomologist gives, among other 
things, an account of bacterial injury to and 
a physiological disease of the coconut palm, 
reports results of experiments with coconut- 
scale parasites, and recommends using sea 
water as a drench and as a spray for con- 
trolling certain insect pests and diseases of 
the palm. Observations on local temperature, 
precipitation, and wind during the year are 

partment Leaflet 30-L.) By R. D. Garver, forest 
products laboratory, Forest Service. P. 4, 
Some hints for profitable timher cutting are 

given in this circular. That a cutting of farm 

timber gives a profit when only the best trees 
for lumber and those that should come out 
for improvement of the stand are taken is 
illustrated by cutting methods in a stand of 
sugar maple. A well-thinned stand of rapidly 
growing pole-size timher and saplings should 
be left standing, for cutting some years later. 
If trees are cut when they are too small, or 
stands of timber are too heavily cut, the owner 
is bound to suffer a financial loss. 

neous Publication 44-M.) Prepared by the staff 
of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 
assisted by representatives of the agricul- 
tural colleges and extension services. P. 
48. February 1929. 
This is the seventh Outlook Report issued 

by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

J. O. Veatch, Michigan Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, in charge ; L. R. Schoenmann, 
landeconomic survey. Michigan Department 
of Conservation ; and G. L. Fuller, U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture. P. 929—957, figs, 
maps. (From F. O. Soils, 1923.) 

No. 1, January 1, 1929, il. February 1929. 


A bacterial stripe disease of sorghum. 

(G-634.) Charlotte Elliott and Erwin 

F. Smith. 
The capillarv structure of softwoods. 

(F-44.) Alfred J. Stamm. 

J. A. Kerr, U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
in charge ; and F. W. Trull, Michigan Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station. P. 1183-1202, 
fig. map. (Number 36, Series 1923.) 

(Nos. 66699 to 67836.) Inventory 87. P. 54. 
February 1929. 

(January 4-December 26, 1928). Compiled by 
Indexing Section, Division of Publications, 
Office of Information. P. S. February 

J. W. Moon, in charge, and H. G. Lewis. P. 
1-38, fig., map. (Number 2, Series 1925.) 

MENTS, 1929. Bureau of Animal Industry. Pp. 113— 
115. February 1929. 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C, has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the 
department's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
lications for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

Drainage in the Sacramento Valley rice fields. 

W. W. Weir. (California Sta. Bui. 464, 37 

p., 12 figs. January. 1929.) Berkeley. 
Factors affecting selling prices of land in the 

Eleventh Federal Farm Loan District. D. 

Weeks. (Hileardia [California Sta.], vol. 

3, No. 17, p. 459-542, 33 figs. January, 

1929.) Berkeley. 
The cooperative marketing of tobacco. O. B. 

.Tesness. (Kentucky Sta. Bui. 288, p. 273- 

306. October, 1928.) Lexington. 

Insect investigations. H. S. McConnell et al. 
(Maryland Sta. Bui. 298, p. 179-19S. July, 
1928.) College Park. 

Progress report on cost of production route in 
Jones County, Miss., 1927. L. E. Long and 
J. R. Allen. (Mississippi Sta. Bui. 256, 
36 p. July, 1928.) A. and M. College. 

Degeneration diseases of the Irish potato in 
Mississippi. H. H. Wedgeworth. (Missis- 
sippi Sta. Bui. 25S, 11 p., 7 figs. September, 
1928.) A. and M. College. 

Feed, care, and management of the dairy cow. 
J. S. Moore. (Mississippi Sta. Bui. 259, 
15 p., 1 fig. January, 1928.) A. and M. 

Fertilizing cotton. C. B. Anders. (Missis- 
sippi Sta. Circ. 83, 7 p. January, 1929.) 
A. and M. College. 

Chemicals in the apiary, with notes on their 
use. R. Hutson. (New Jersey Stas. Circ. 
211. 8 p. January, 1929.) New Bruns- 

A device for determining the texture of peach 
fruits for shipping and marketing. M. A. 
Blake. (New Jersey Stas. Circ. 212, 8 p., 
2 figs. February, 1929.) New Brunswick. 

Sizes of purchasing centers of New York farm 
families. H. Canon. (New York Cornell 
Sta. Bui. 472, 15 p., 3 figs. November, 
1928.) Ithaca. 

Effect of winter rations on pasture gains of 
calves marketed as three-year-old steers. 
C. V. Wilson, R. H. Tuckwiller. and E. W. 
Sheets. (West Virginia Sta. Bui. 21S, 16 p., 
5 figs. March, 1928.) Morgantown. 

What's new in farm science : Annual report 
of the director, 1927-1928. H. L. Russell 
et al. (Wisconsin Sta. Bui. 405, 128 p., 
49 figs. February, 1929.) Madison. 

Thirtv -eighth annual report for the fiscal year 
ended June 30, 1928. E. C. Johnson et al. 
(Washington Col. Sta. Bui. 229, 71 p. 
Dec. 1928.) Pullman. 

Blueberry growing, a new industry in Wash- 
ington. D. J. Crowley. (Washington Col. 
Sta. Pop. Bui. 144, 11 p., 4 figs. Dec. 
1928.) Pullman. 



Davies, J. L. Grass farming in the Wetland 
Valley, a study made on behulf of the 
Agricultural economics institute, Oxford. 
Oxford, Clarendon press, 192S. 

Klinge. Gerardo. Notas sobre la industria 
azucarera del Hawaii. Lima, Sanmarti, 

Summerscales, J. H. British cotton growing. 
Oldham, F. & G. Pollard, 1928. 


Delevoy, G. La question forestiere au 
Katanga (Congo Beige). Bruxelles, Lebegue, 

Roger Williams park museum, Providence, 
R. I. Trees and shrubs of Roger Williams 
park, by Maribelie Cormack. Providence, 


International housing and town planning con- 
gress. Proceedings. Paris, Chaix, 1928. 


Woolrich. W. R. Handbook of refrigerating 
engineering. New York, Van Nostrand, 


International road congress, oth, Milan. 1926. 
Reoort of the proceedings. Rennes-Paris, 
Oberthur, 1927. 


Asch, Wladislaw, and Asch, D. The silicates 
in chemistry and commerce. London, 
Constable, 1913. 

Mohs, Karl. Mehlchemie. Dresden, Stein- 
kopff, 1927. 

Vail, J. G. Soluble silicates in industry. New 
York, Chemical catalog company, 1928. 
(American chemical society. Monograph se- 
ries no. 46.) 


Ogilvie, Lawrence. The insects of Bermuda. 
Dept. of agriculture, Bermuda. Beccles, 
Eng., W. Clowes, 1928. 


Hamlin. Scoville. Waste not — want not ; 
stabilize production and control expansion. 
Philadelphia, Dorrance. 1928. 

Twigg, H. J. The economic advance of Brit- 
ish co-operation. 1913 to 1926. Manchester, 
Co-operative union, 192S. 


Arizona wild life, quarterly, v. 1, no. 1- 

October, 1928- Bisbee. Ariz. 
Risveglio agricolo. monthly, anno 1, no. 9— 

October, 1928- Taranto. 
Southern dairyman, monthly, v. 1, no. 1- 

June, 192S- Shreveport. 

The Official Record has a " Questions 
and Answers " department which runs under 
that heading. Questions deemed of sufficient 
general interest to the people of the depart- 
ment as a whole will be answered therein if 
sent to the editor. Others will be handled by 


Articles and Written Addresses by 

Department People in Outside 


Agricultural Economics 

Booker, O. F. — Summary of field seed situa- 
tion. Seed World, Feb. 8, 1929, p. 1. 

Brodell, A. P. — Cotton production area ex- 
tending westward. Manufacturers Record, 
Feb. 7, 1929, p. 77. 

Gardner, K. B. — Analyzing the business of 
the cooperative marketing association. Co- 
operative Marketing Journal, January, 1!J2:>, 
p. 28. 

McCarthy, B. F. — Are retailers getting great- 
est benefit from the U. S. graded and 
stamped beef? Souvenir Program N. Y. 
State Retail Meat Dealers of N. Y. C„ 1929. 

Sherman, C. B. — Applying outlook informa- 
tion to farming. United States Banker, 
January, 1929, p. 9. 

Biological Survey 

Gabrielson, Ira N. — Live Stock " victimized." 
Oregon Farmer, vol. 48. no. 6, p. 8. Feb- 
7, 1929. 

Rodents cause big loss. Oregon Farmer, 

vol. 48, no. 4, p. 5. January 24, 1929. 

Lincoln, Frederick C. — What constitutes a 
record? Bui. Audobon Soc. New Hampshire, 
vol. 8, no. 2, p. 17-20. December, 1928. 

McAtee, W. L. — The principles of systematic 
entomology. Entomological News, vol. 40, 
no. 2, p. 64-66. February, 1929. 

European game conditions : A compari- 
son with game management in this country. 
Field and Stream, vol. 33, no. 10, p. 19. 
February, 1929. 

— — , Preble, E. A. [and Wetmore. Alexan- 
der] . — Christmas bird census. Bird-Lore, 
vol. 31, no. 1, p. 39^0. January— February, 

Young, Stanley P. [and Carhart, A. H.] — 
Three-toes of the Apishapa. Blue Book Mag- 
azine, p. 138-148. March, 1929. 

Dairy Industry 

Williams, O. E. — High heat treatment as a 
factor in value of dried skim milk. Ice 
Cream Trade Jour., v. 25, no. 2, p. 77-78. 
February 1929. Also in Ice Cream Rev., 
v. 12, no. 7, p. 54-55, 138. February 1929. 

Plant Industry 

Bacon, C. W. — Some factors affecting the nico- 
tine content of tobacco. Journal American 
Society Agronomy, vol. 21, p. 159-167. Feb- 
ruary 1929. 

Coons, G. H. — Some aspects of the Fusarium 
problem. Lectures on plant pathology and 
physiology in relation to man, p. 43-92. 

McMurtrey, J. E., Jr. — Nutritional deficiency 
studies on tobacco. Journal American So- 
ciety Agronomy, vol. 21, p. 142-149. Feb- 
ruary 1929. 

Morse, W. J. — Cultivo y utilization de las 
habichuelas de vaca. Hacienda, vol. 24, p. 
54-57. February 1929. 

Moss, E. G. — Nutritional problems of bright 
tobacco. Journal American Society Agron- 
omy, vol. 21, p. 137-141. February 1929. 

Richey, F. D. — Interpreting correlation coeffi- 
cients. Journal American Society Agronomy, 
vol. 21, p. 232-234. February i929. 

Shull, J. M. — Sidelights on iris behavior. 
American Iris Society Bulletin, vol. 30, p. 
12-14. January 1929. 

Stakman, E. C. — Racial specialization in plant 
disease fungi. Lectures on plant pathology 
and physiology in relation to man, p. 
93-150. 1928. 

Public Roads 

Rose, A. C. — Foundations and drainage of 
highways. Discussion. Proceedings of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers. Jan- 
uary 1929, vol. 55, no. 1, pt. 1, p. 127-133. 

Thomas, St. Clair T. — The use of lip curbs 
for suburban concrete roads. American 
City, January 1929, vol. 40, no. 1, p. 135. 


The sixth annual National Music Week will 
be observed during the week May 5-11. The 
purpose of the week is to enrich the life of 
the people of the Nation through the making 
and hearing of music. As to the rural dis- 
tricts, the plan of the National Music Week 
Committee calls for a linking of schools and 
homes, children and parents, in an interrela- 
tion of music in the classroom and in the 
household. Suggestions for carrying out the 

plan are made by the committee in folders 
entitled " Special Activities for Schools During 
National Music Week " and " Home Night in 
National Music Week." These and other 
folders, and other aids and information, may 
be obtained upon request from the committee, 
45 West Forty-fifth Street, New York City. 
With reference to observance of the week in 
rural communities, the committee's plan pro- 
vides for music days in the rural schools, dis- 
cussions or debates on phases of school music 
before 4-H clubs and other community groups, 
home guidance of children's music by parents, 
school music ensembles for home music hours, 
musical quiz games on American history, home 
" sings " of American songs, family vocal and 
instrumental ensembles, and contests between 
groups representing families. Former Presi- 
dent Coolidge is chairman of the honorary 
committee of governors supporting the Na- 
tional Music Week Committee. 




Mrs. Mary A. Easby-Smith, who for a period 
of more than 20 years ably served the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture as an indexer in the in- 
dexing section of the Division of Publications, 
and was retired February 21, 1925, died at 
Reese General Hospital, Miami, Fla., Febru- 
ary 10. She was born in Washington, D. C, 
February 21, 1855, and was graduated from 
the Convent of the Visitation, Georgetown. 
D. C, and for more than 25 years was historian 
of the alumna? association of that institution. 
She was of a family which gained distinction 
in public life. Her maternal grandfather, Wil- 
liam Easby, was superintendent of Federal 
buildings and grounds in the District of Co- 
lumbia under President Fillmore ; her father. 
William Russell Smith, had served in the 
United States and Confederate Congresses, and 
had been president of the University of Ala- 
bama and editor of several newspapers m 
Mobile and Tuscaloosa, Ala. ; and a brother, 
now a prominent attorney in Washington, 
D. C, Col. James Easby-Smith, had an impor- 
tant part in developing the draft system under 
which the American Expeditionary Force m 
the World War was formed. She was married 
to Milton E. Smith, of Washington, who died 
many years ago. Mrs. Smith was greatly 
interested in music, and when she retired from 
the department she published a work. Salute 
the Flag, which she dedicated to the Boy 
Scouts of America. At the age of 73 she took 
up a highlv advanced course in music under 
Doctor Harinemann, of the Catholic University 
of America, and then composed two songs 
which were published, and had several pieces 
ready for the printer when she died. She was 
widely known in the department, not only for 
efficiency in her official work but for her cul- 
tural accomplishments and deep interest in 


Arthur V. Swarthout, senior marketing 
economist, terminates his service in the de- 
partment March 15 to take a position with 
the Washington Cooperative Egg and Poultry 
Association Seattle, Wash. He will organize 
and take charge of a department of research 
being set up by this organization. 

He has held important assignments in the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. He en- 
tered the department in November, 1917, as 
assistant in market business practice in the 
then Bureau of Markets, to assist in devising, 
supervising, and installing accounting systems 
for agricultural marketing organizations and 
industrial enterprises dealing in agricultural 
products. In June, 1922, he was placed in 
charge of the Cost-of-Marketing Division, to 
supervise and direct the collection and com- 
pilation of information relating to the cost of 
marketing agricultural products. He trans- 
ferred to the division of cooperative market- 
ing in September, 1925, to develop a new line 
of work which has now come to be known as 
business analysis studies. This work involves 
analysis of operating, pooling, management, 
and "merchandizing practices and problems of 
various cooperative associations for research 
purposes. From April to August, 1926, he 
served commercial business interests of New- 
foundland as technical adiviser on pooling and 
other business practices in the marketing of 
manufactured products cooperatively. Among 
the studies more recently completed by Mr. 
Swartbout for the bureau are business analyses 
of the Pacific Wool Growers and of the Poultry 

Producers of Central California, the latter one 
of the largest egg cooperative marketing as- 
sociations in this country. 

Arthur T. Edinger, associate marketing 
specialist of the livestock, meats, and wool 
division has resigned, effective February 15, 
after five years' service in the department. 
He has accepted a position with the Great 
Atlantic and Pacific Tea Co., with head- 
quarters in Newark, N. J. He will be assist- 
ant to the manager of the company's meat 
department, his duties consisting of operating 
the company's present established markets 
according to the most modern methods of 
merchandising, featuring quality products at 
all times. The locating and installing of new 
markets in the eastern district will also .come 
under his supervision. During his period of 
service in the Department of Agriculture he 
has been engaged in making investigations of 
the meat industry, especially on the economic 
side of retailing meats. To further his study, 
he was sent to Berlin, Germany, to find out 
what methods were employed there, and to in- 
vestigate the subject as to what part Ameri- 
can meat products might play in supplying 
the needs of that country. ~ Among other im- 
portant work, he has promoted publicity on 
the grading system carried on by the live- 
stock, meats, and wool division, for which he 
was loaned to the National Livestock and 
Meat Board and Better Beef Association. 
Also, he has been active in the quality-of-meat 
study which is now being carried on by the 
various bureaus of the department and State 
agricultural colleges. 

its history, activities, and organization. 
By Jenks Cameron. Broohings Institution, 
Institute for Government Research, 26 Jack- 
son Place, Washington, D. C. Service Mono- 
graphs of the United States Government, No. 
5k, p. 339, {Jan.] 1929. (Reviexoed by W. H. 
Cheesman, editor of tJie bureau.) 
The author, a research investigator of the 
institute, traces the history of the survey from 
its establishment .as a section of economic 
ornithology on July 1, 1885, as the division 
of economic ornithology and mammalogy one 
year later, as the division of biological survey 
in 1896, and as the Bureau of Biological Sur- 
vey in 1905 to the close of the fiscal year, 
1928. The purpose of these series of mono- 
graphs, as stated in the foreword, is to lay 
the basis for a comprehensive study of the 
organization and operations of the National 
Government, in its 50 or more distinct services. 
It is the institute's plan to issue from time to 
time, when the series is completed, revisions 
of the monographs to the end that they may 
represent current conditions. The monographs 
all follow the same general plan, giving (1) 
the history of the establishment and develop- 
ment of the service; (2) its functions, by de- 
tailing specific activities; (3) its organiza- 
tion; (4) the nature of its plant; (5) a com- 
pilation of the laws and regulations governing 
its operations ; (6) statements of its appropria- 
tions and expenditures from year to year ; 
and (7) a full bibliography of all sources of 
information bearing on the service and its 
operations. These main points are fully cov- 
ered by Mr. Cameron in his monograph on 
the Biological Survey. The monograph makes 
no criticisms or recommendations. The infor- 
mation is presented in a most readable form, 
and the monograph should prove both valu- 
able and interesting to those who wish to 
study the history, activities, and organization 
of this bureau. Thirty-six pages are devoted 
to giving a complete list of the publications of 
the Biological Survey, including its life-zone 
maps, issued from 1885 to 1928 ; and this is 
the only complete printed list of these contri- 
butions now available. Mr. Cameron consulted 
freely with officials of the bureau during the 
course of the preparation of his monograph, 
and was given every facility to make his work 
accurate and comprehensive. Copies of the 
monograph can not be supplied by the depart- 
ment, but may be obtained at $2 each from 
the Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. Md., or 
the institute. Other monographs in the series, 
published or in press, cover the work of the 
Weather Bureau (1922), Bureau of Public 
Roads (1923), Office of Experiment Stations 
(1924), Bureau of Animal Industry (1927), 
Bureau of Plant industry (1927), Food, Drug, 
and Insecticide Administration (1928), Bu- 
reau of Chemistry and Soil?! (1928), and the 
Bureau of Dairy Industry (1929). 


Many Farmers' Cooperatives Now 
In the Class of "Big Business" 

Many farmer owned and controlled 
cooperatives, the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics finds, are now in the " big 
business " class. 

The 12 associations affiliated with the 
National Livestock Producers' Associa- 
tion, Chicago, handled livestock to the 
value of $138,000,000 in 1928. 

The California Fruit Growers' Ex- 
change, Los Angeles, sold citrus fruit for 
its 206 local units to the value of S96,- 
500,000 in the 12 months ending Octo- 
ber 31. 

The Dairymen's League Cooperative 
Association, New York, representing 
71.000 dairymen, sold products valued at 
$82,500,000 in the year ending March 31. 

The 13 affiliated associations of the 
American Cotton Growers' Exchange, 
Dallas, Tex., had sales of $70,900,000 for 

Some other " big business " coopera- 
tives and their sales are: Land O'Lakes 
Creameries (Inc.), Minneapolis, a feder- 
ation of more than 40O creameries, about 
$50,000,000; Central Cooperative Associ- 
ation, South St. Paul, selling agent for 
livestock shipping associations in five 
States, $33,000,000; Interstate Milk Pro- 
ducers, Philadelphia, acting for 25.968 
members, $28,500,000; Washington Coop- 
erative Egg and Poultry Association, 
Seattle, 8,133 members, approximatelv 
$19,000,000; Staple Cotton Cooperative 
Association, Greenwood, Miss.. $16,- 
800,000 ; Challenge Cream and Butter As- 
sociation. Los Angeles, approximatelv 


Although many persons have as- 
sumed heretofore that the farmer is quite 
out of touch with the daily activities 
of the rest of the world, the fact now 
is disclosed that most farmers keep as 
closely in contact with current events 
as do their city cousins, says an article 
in the February issue of The Fertilizer 
Review, the monthly journal of The Na- 
tional Fertilizer Association, on the basis 
of a survey made by representatives of 
the association. The article is reprinted 
here for the purpose of indicating the 
great potentialities which exist for carry- 
ing our information to the point of appli- 
cation through the medium of the outside 
press. It says: 

" Seven out of 10 farmers take daily news- 
papers and over half take local weekly papers. 
This statement is based on the result of per- 
sonal and uniform interviews of representa- 
tives of The National Fertilizer Association 
with 48,207 farmers in 35 States, including 
all those east of the Mississippi River and 
Minnesota, North Dakota, Iowa. Missouri. 
Arkansas, Louisiana, Kansas, Oklahoma, and 

" Previously the Association announced 
that 8 out of 10 farmers interviewed said 
they take 1 or more farm papers. 

" Of the 48,207 farmers who answered the 
question, 'Do you take a daily newspaper?' 
a total of 33,574, or 69.6 per cent, said ' yes.' 

" The highest percentage was recorded in 
Kansas, where all the 56 farmers interviewed 
said they take dailies. The small number 
interviewed in this State, however, is not 
sufficient to be indicative of all farmers in 

" The survey was concentrated in States in 
which the most fertilizer is consumed, as the 

primary purpose was to determine the fertil- 
izer practices of American farmers. Very 
little fertilizer is used in the States not sur- 
veyed, with the exception of the Pacific Coast 
States, which were not included. 

" In two States — Michigan and Ohio — more 
than 90 per cent of the farmers interviewed 
take daily papers. 

" Those States in which 80 to 90 per cent 
of the farmers interviewed take dailies are : 
Indiana, Massachusetts, Iowa, New York. Ver- 
mont, Maine. Minnesota, Wisconsin, Connecti- 
cut, and Pennsylvania. 

" Those in which 70 to SO per cent take 
dailies are : New Jersey, Rhode Island, Illi- 
nois. Maryland, Delaware, and Florida. 

" Those in which 60 to 70 per cent take 
dailies are : Missouri, New Hampshire. Vir- 
ginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Georgia. 

" Those in which 50 to 60 per cent take 
dailies are : Texas, West Virginia, Louisiana, 
and South Carolina. 

" Those in which 40 to 50 per cent take 
dailies are : North Carolina, Mississippi, Ala- 
bama, and Arkansas. 

'• Oklahoma had 19.6 per cent, but here, as 
in Kansas, the survey was not sufficiently in- 
clusive to be thoroughly indicative, as only 56 
farmers were interviewed in the ' Sooner ' 

" In reply to the question, ' Does your daily 
have a farm page or department?' 45.9 per 
cent of the farmers interviewed said ' yes.' 
Over 8 out of 10, or 83.6 per cent, said they 
are interested in farm news in their news- 


The agricultural extension service of 
the State College of Washington, as- 
sisted by William A. Schoenfeld. in 
charge of the Northwest regional office 
of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 
and by the hay, feed, and seed division 
of the bureau, has organized meetings to 
be held at Yakima March 14 and at Se- 
attle March 15 and 16 for the purpose of 
familiarizing the county agents of the 
important alfalfa-producing areas of the 
State with the United States hay stand- 
ards and the hay production and market- 
ing methods advocated by the hay. feed, 
and seed division. Exhibits of hay bales 
will be assembled by the county agents 
and the State grain and hay inspection 
department for demonstration of grades, 
and it is planned also to visit numerous 
hay warehouses and the inspection yards 
at Seattle and Auburn. Lectures on hay 
marketing and hay making will be given. 
The work of the hay, feed, and seed divi- 
sion will be presented by Edward C. 
Parker, senior marketing specialist, who 
left Washington March 5 on an extended 
trip through the Western and Southwest- 
ern States. 


Automatic lead pencils, the use of 
which is recommended by the Bureau of 
the Budget, are listed in the current con- 
tracts of the General Supply Committee 
and are being used quite generally by the 
bureaus of this department. The central 
stores section of the Office of the Secre- 
tary, through which many of the bureau 
property officers obtain such supplies, has 
stocked a supply of the longlead type of 
automatic pencils with the name of the 
department stamped thereon, and these 
are now available for issue on bureau 
requisition. The central stores section 
also stocks the following automatic-pencil 
leads: For the longlead type — black, 
grades B (soft) and HB (medium) : red : 
blue ; aud copying ; and for the ordinary 
type — black, grades HB and 3H; red: 
blue; and copying. 

Milwaukee Is Made Headquarters 
Of Lake States Forest District 

Establishment of headquarters for the 
new Lake States National Forest district 
at Milwaukee, Wis., has been approved 
by Secretary Jardine. Since the first of 
the year, when the Lake States district 
was created, temporary headquarters have 
been maintained at Madison, Wis. E. W. 
Tinker, district forester in charge, plans 
to move the offices of the new district 
into the appraiser's stores building in 
Milwaukee as soon as arrangements can 
be made. Permanent quarters will be es- 
tablished in the new Federal Building 
when it is ready for occupancy. 

The Lake States district, comprising 
Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, was 
formerly a part of the Rocky Mountain 
National Forest district with headquart- 
ers at Denver, Colo. Because of the 
large special problems of reforestation 
and the Government's program of forest 
exrension in the Lake States, and also 
because of the remoteness of the Denver 
headquarters office, a separate district 
was created. The choice of Milwaukee as 
a location for district headquarters fol- 
lowed a study of the accessibility of a 
number of cities to national forest units, 
and other administrative factors. 

Rounding out the national forest units, 
and extending the work of land reclama- 
tion, are among the most important jobs 
for the new district organization. Forest 
planting on denuded and cut-over lands 
has been going on at the rate of about 
11,000 acres a year, but it is hoped that 
this work can be rapidly enlarged. Dis- 
trict Forester Tinker will increase the 
district personnel as organization of the 
work progresses. 


Surplus elk of the National Bison 
Range are being offered by the Bureau of 
Biological Survey to anyone who will 
remove them without cost to the Govern- 
ment. The range is in western Montana 
near the towns of Moiese and Dixon. 
Because the elk there have increased 
beyond the carrying capacity of the 
range, it is necessary further to reduce 
their numbers, even though some of the 
surplus animals have already been dis- 
posed of by sale. The National Bison 
Range is administered primarily for the 
maintenance of a fair-size herd of buffalo, 
the original stock of which was supplied 
by the American Bison Society. The 
Biological Survey desires to reduce the 
numbers of the elk immediately, so as to 
avoid the necessity of feeding hay in the 
late winter and early spring, which 
would otherwise be necessary, as well as 
to preserve as much forage as possible 
for the buffalo. The elk at this time are 
mainly valuable for exhibition purposes 
at zoos and for stocking game parks and 
farms. It is now too late in the season 
for the elk meat to be good. Correspond- 
ence on the subject should be directed 
to Frank H. Rose, protector of the 
National Bison Range. Moiese. Mont. 
Telegrams should be addressed to him 
at Dixon, Mont. 

Eighty towns in Massachusetts own 
town forests. 


of Agriculture 

Certificate : 

Bj- direction of the Sec 

retary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 
required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington, March 14, 1929 No. 11 



Special Session of Seventy-first Has 

Been Called by President Hoover 

to Convene April 15 

The Seventieth Congress carne to a 
close at noon March 4, with the close of 
the administration of Calvin Coolidge as 
President. The new Congress, the Sev- 
enty-first, came into being at noon on the 
same date, with the beginning of the ad- 
ministration of Herbert Hoover. The 
new. Congress is to be called into special 
session soon by President Hoover, to 
take up matters involving the welfare of 
agriculture and the tariff. All measures 
pending in the Seventieth Congress at 
the time of adjournment March 4 passed 
out of existence as pending legislation 
with the end of that Congress, and will 
have to be reintroduced in the new Con- 
gress as new measures if further action 
is to be taken upon them toward enact- 
ing them into law, and this applies to 
the following except those measures 
signed by President Coolidge. 

The Senate on March 2 adopted a reso- 
lution (S. Res. 348), submitted by Sena- 
tor Copeland, of New York, requesting 
the Secretary of Agriculture to make a 
full report as to the allocation of funds 
appropriated by the United States for 
agricultural research. The resolution di- 
rected that special attention shall be 
given to the relationship between the 
total expenditures for food research and 
the amount expended in connection with 
eggs and poultry. It also requested a 
statement as to the benefits derived by 
the consumer from the food research 
work now being done. 

Six bills regarding the construction of 
bridges were passed in the Senate March 
2, and 11 similar bills were passed in 
the House on the same date. Senator 
Brookhart, of Iowa, has introduced sev- 
eral bills covering the toll bridge ques- 
tion. Addressing the Senate, he declared 
toll bridges were a menace to the free- 
highway system. 

The Senate on March 1 agreed to 
House amendments to the resolution 
(S. J. Res. 117) authorizing an investi- 
gation and survey for a canal across 

The Senate passed a bill (S. 4518) to 
create a national institute of health, and 
for other purposes. It also passed a 
bill (H. R. 17101) to accept the cession 
by the State of Colorado of exclusive 
jurisdiction over the lands embraced 
within the Rocky Mountain National 

Representative Buchanan, of Texas, in- 
troduced a bill (H. R. 17312) to author- 
(Continued on page 3) 
39197°-— 29 


Former Governor of Missouri, farmer, and 
business man, who became Secretary of Agri- 
culture on March 6. 


Bennett Says Conservation of Nation's 
Basic Resource, the Land, Chal- 
lenges Science and Farmer 

More than 513,000,000 tons of soil are 
being washed out to sea each year from 
the farms of the United States, and the 
Mississippi River system alone is respon- 
sible for 428,000.000 tons of this traffic in 
wastage, says H. H. Bennett, inspector 
of the Soil Survey, Bureau of Chemistry 
and Soils, specialist in erosion. Let us 
suppose it were possible to visualize this 
movement of soil from the land toward 
the sea, on 2-ton trucks in a parade. If 
such a parade were to pass a reviewing 
stand at a speed of one truck a second, 
it would be necessary to provide for 
approximately seven trucks abreast, and 
the parade would have to continue day 
and night, year in and year out, to cart 
away such a load as the Mississippi 
clumps into the Gulf of Mexico. This is 
a minimum estimate for the Mississippi. 
More comprehensive methods of measure- 
ment devised recently indicate that these 
figures do not allow adequately for the 
heavier material carried along the bed of 
the river. Neither does this estimate 
take into account the fact that a great 
deal more material is washed out of the 
fields than ever reaches the sea. Much 
(Continued on page 2) 



Former Governor, Farmer, and Business 

Man — Led Forces for Better Roads 

and Schools in His State 

Arthur Mastick Hyde, formerly Gov- 
ernor of Missouri, who was appointed 
Secretary of Agriculture by President 
Hoover, took the oath of office in the 
administration building of the depart- 
ment in Washington on March 6, in the 
presence of the outgoing Secretary, Wil- 
liam M. Jarcline, many Members of Con- 
gress, members of the department, repre- 
sentatives of agricultural organizations, 
and personal friends. The oath was 
administered by R. M. Reese, chief clerk 
of the department. After taking the 
oath, Secretary Hyde said: 

" I undertake this task with full 
realization of its difficulties, but deter- 
mined to do my ' level best ' to effectuate 
the agricultural policies of President 
Hoover. I believe in those policies. 
They are sound and constructive. They 
will achieve a larger measure of pros- 
perity for the farmers of America. 

" I shall strive to cooperate with all 
those whose public duty or private inter- 
est are elements in the problems of the 
farm. I hope also to have their assist- 
ance. We are starting from to-day. 
Past differences of opinion have no place 
in the present situation and should not 
be permitted to hinder or delay the 
accomplishment of all that may con- 
structively be done in aid of American 

Mr. Hyde was born in Princeton, Mo., 
July 12, 1877, the son of Judge Ira B. 
Hyde, formerly a Representative in Con- 
gress from the second district of Mis- 
souri. He attended Oberlin (Ohio) 
Academy, received the degree of bachelor 
of agriculture from the University of 
Michigan, and later received the degree 
of bachelor of law from the University 
of Iowa. He was admitted to the 
bar at Princeton, Mo., in 1900. He 
married Hortense Cullers, of Princeton, 
Mo., in 1904. They have one daughter, 
Caroline, 16. 

Mr. Hyde practiced law from 1900 to 
1925. Then he became interested in busi- 
ness and established himself as a dis- 
tributor of motor cars. He retained this 
business until after his election as Gov- 
ernor of Missouri. He was mayor of 
Princeton from 1908 to 1910, inclusive, 
and in 1915 moved to Trenton, Mo. He 
was Governor of Missouri for the term 

Recently he 1 resumed the practice of 
law, while remaining president of a large 
life-insurance company. 

(Continued on page S) 



Radio Enables Bureau to Give Advices 

on Movement of Polar Currents 

Days Before They Arrive 

This past January was one of the 
coldest months ever known in the North 
Central and Northwestern States and in 
the Canadian northwest, says the 
Weather Bureau. In Rapid City, S. 
Dak., the average minus departure from 
normal temperatures for the entire 
month was 12°, a very unusual departure 
from any average temperature for such 
a long period. The actual temperatures 
at Rapid City ranged from 3° below zero 
to 7° below throughout the month. In 
Duluth, Minn., the average departure be- 
low normal temperature for January was 
almost as great — 11° — and many other 
places suffered from weather equally 
severe. In many places minimum tem- 
peratures ranged from 25° to about 40° 
below zero. 

In contrast to this unusually severe 
weather in the Northwest, the South- 
eastern States experienced a mikl Jan- 
uary, with temperatures considerably 
above normal, and sufficiently so to 
cause apprehension as to premature de- 
velopment of fruit buds ; in fact, at the 
close of the month, some early fruit 
blooms had begun to appear along the 
east Gulf coast. 

Snowfall in January was abnormally 
heavy over much of the northern half of 
the country, especially in the lake region, 
the upper Mississippi Valley, and the 
more Northwestern States. At most 
places in these areas from two to more 
than three times the normal amount of 
snow for January occurred, and some 
sections had the greatest, falls of record. 
On the other hand, snowfall in the moun- 
tains of California, which ordinarily 
have much heavier snows than any other 
place in the country, was comparatively 
light and considerably below normal. At 
Tamarack, in this State, at an elevation 
of 8,000 feet, the average winter snowfall 
is more than 35 feet, and as much as 74 
feet have been known to fall in a single 

The prolonged low temperatures in the 
northern part of the country were due to 
a tremendously large number of " out- 
bursts of polar air," the meteorologist's 
name for cold waves, says the Weather 
Bureau. These cold-air currents originate 
somewhere in the Arctic region, and when 
there is high barometric pressure in the 
north and low pressure to the south they 
move across the central part of the 
British northwest down the McKenzie 
River Valley and past Hudson Bay 
toward the United States. In January, 
this year, such outbursts of polar air 
were noted on 15 different days, which is 
unusually frequent. The majority of 
them added new installments of very 
cold air to that already received, with 
very short intervals of higher tempera- 
ture between them. Consequently the 
places in the path of their movement did 
not have opportunity to recover from one 
cold wave before another had reached 

Until radio communication was pos- 
sible, there were so few observations 

from the " frozen north " that cold waves 
often arrived with only a few hours' ad- 
vance notice. Stations have now been 
established at various places in Green- 
land, Canada, and at Point Barrow, 
Alaska, from which forewarning of 
traveling cold currents can be obtained 
several days before they reach the United 
States. This makes it possible for large 
industries likely to be affected to take 
precautions against loss and damage. 



(Continued from page 1) 

is stranded on the way and causes incon- 
venience to man by creating sand bars, 
filling up river channels, covering fertile 
fields with flood debris, and the like. 

This continuous and heavy loss of the 
soil on which the very food supply of the 
Nation depends is interpreted by Mr. 
Bennett as " the most important problem 
that has to do with the use of our most 
vital resource — the land." He says 
" most of us in this part of North Amer- 
ica have entertained no very serious sus- 
picion as to the destructiveness of ero- 
sion. We have failed generally to rec- 
ognize this as a problem of vast impor- 
tance. But to confine the menace within 
the bounds of reasonable safety is going 
to tax the best efforts and ingenuity of 
the Nation. Our soil is going — over 
great areas. In many localities it has 
gone in so far as practical agriculture is 

What shall we do about it? asks Mr. 
Bennett. He has observed and studied 
erosion and soil wastes in all their many 
phases on soils of many kinds and in 
all parts of the Nation from Vermont to 
California and from Minnesota to Texas, 
and he admits frankly that he can not 
supply more than fragments of the an- 
swer. Terracing of fields, contour plow- 
ing and cultivation, wise forestry man- 
agement, the conservation for forestry 
or grazing of sharply sloping lands that 
are sure to wash away if cultivated, and 
scrupulous attention to gullies while 
they are small to prevent enlargement 
are parts of the answer, he says. Some 
apply under certain conditions and with 
certain soils and will not serve under 
different conditions. The problem, Mr. 
Bennett asserts, is so important that it 
demands the best cooperative effort of 
engineers, chemists, physicists, and 

What is the money cost? Mr. Bennett 
makes no attempt at an inclusive esti- 
mate. He does point out that on the 
basis of the chemical analysis of nearly 
400 surface soils it may be estimated that 
the amount of material washed away 
from the fields of the country each year 
contains not less than 126,000,000.000 
pounds of plant food. "This is a loss 
we have not stressed in our land inven- 
tories, yet it is about twenty-one times the 
annual net loss of plant food taken out 
of the fields by all the crops that are 
harvested. We have stressed, and rightly, 
the unwisdom of soil mining by con- 
tinuous cropping, yet we have been blind 
to the much more serious loss of plant 
food through erosion. In a soil depleted 
of one or more of the elements of plant 
food essential to growth, it is usually 
possible to supply this in the form of 

GfHce of Experiment Stations 

Adds an Economist to Its Staff 

Appointment of Dr. B. Youngblood as 
principal economist in the ofEce of Ex- 
periment Stations was announced March 
2. For the last three years he has served 
the department as principal economist in 
the division of cotton marketing in the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Doctor Youngblood will represent the 
Office of Experiment. Stations in its re- 
lations with the State experiment sta- 
tions on matters pertaining to research 
in agricultural economics. He will give 
his attention primarily to studying the 
status of research in this field, the na- 
ture of the complex problems presented, 
and the organization of definite projects 
to advance their solution. Also, he will 
give special attention to the progress of 
current research and to the adequacy of 
the methods employed. 

The appointment of such a specialist 
in the Office of Experiment Stations 
is in response to a need, recognized ever 
since the expansion of activities under 
the Purnell Act, for a close study of eco- 
nomic problems and procedure, and of 
the means of associating the diverse ef- 
forts to make them most effective. 

Doctor Youngblood will assume his new 
duties some time in March, but pending 
the completion of reports on his work 
in cotton marketing, arrangements have 
been made for him to continue his asso- 
ciation with the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics. In the Olfice of Experiment 
Stations he will be in position to help 
to bring about a closer cooperation be- 
tween the Department of Agriculture and 
the State agricultural colleges in the de- 
velopment of a national program of re- 
search in cotton production, distribution, 
and utilization. 

For 17 years Doctor Youngblood was 
director of the Texas Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station. For four years before 
going to Texas he was in the Bureau of 
Plant Industry. For the last three years 
he has been in the Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Economics. 

fertilizer. But when the soil has been 
washed away the use of fertilizer is not 
effective. Measured on the basis of chem- 
ical analysis, the value of the phosphorus, 
potassium, and nitrogen contained in the 
material washed from the fields each year 
would cost something in excess of 
,$2,000,000,000 if purchased at current 
market prices for the cheapest commer- 
cial carriers of these three essential plant 

" For obvious reasons," says Mr. Ben- 
nett, " it would not be correct to put this 
entire amount down as a direct, tangible, 
yearly loss to the farmers of the Nation. 
Certain it is. however, that the cost digs 
into the pockets of the farmers, often 
deeply, particularly of those who operate 
on the more sloping, vulnerable soil types, 
comprising large areas of the country's 
farm and grazing lands." 

Tiie Official Rf.cord has a "Questions 
axd Answers" department which runs under 
that heading. Questions deemed of sufficient 
general interest to the people of the depart- 
ment as a whole will he answered therein if 
sent to the editor. Others will he handled by 



Says the Term Is Loosely Used in Many Quarters, and Not Only by Laymen and Popularizers 
of Science but by Many Workers in Science — Sees Need for Specific Definitions 

The word " research " is an impressive 
and much-used word in the present era of 
great scientific and industrial progress. 
and it is also a word that is very loosely 
used in many quarters, and, unfortun- 
ately, scientific workers themselves are 
often as much to blame for loose use of 
the word as the layman and popularizer 
of science, said R. H. Weidman, director 
of the Northern Rocky Mountain Forest 
Experiment Station of the Forest Service 
at Missoula, Mont., in an address made 
recently at the annual meeting of the 
Northwest Scientific Association, at 
Spokane, Wash. His subject was " What 
is Research"? He said, in part: 

" Study, as a form of inquiry, is de- 
fined as having for its aim the acquire- 
ment of knowledge, not necessarily with 
the idea of discovering new facts and 
truths, as in research, nor even of seek- 
ing to understand the reasons and rela- 
tionships of things already known, as in 
investigation. In forestry we make much 
use of this form of inquiry. We some- 
times call the process a study, but most 
often incorrectly refer to it as ' research.' 
To give an example, the effort may deal 
with finding out the condition of forest 
reproduction on a number of cut-over 
areas. The results are usually expressed 
in number and distribution and composi- 
tion by species, of seedlings per acre. On 
finding satisfactory restocking in these 
terms, we look up the method of cutting- 
practiced on the particular areas giving 
these results and have attained the object 
of our study. The process is a survey to 
ascertain results in order directly to 
formulate methods. A practical need is 
the reason for this form of inquiry. 

"Although there seems to be some 
variation among writers as to the mean- 
ing of experiment, there is agreement on 
certain of its attributes. For example, 
it is agreed that an experiment is a set- 
ting up of physical conditions, in which 
one of the variables is under control and 
in which the object is usually to deter- 
mine the results empirically— i. e., by 
experience. The purpose may not even 
be to discover something original, but 
may be merely for verification. In this 
connection, one of the dictionaries defines 
experiment, as used in science : ' The ar- 
rangement of the elements or essential 
features of some object or process so as 
to permit controlled observation with a 
view to testing some hypothesis or 
theory.' The aim of many experiments, in 
fact, is to test out or to adapt the con- 
clusions from former work to a new 
locality, new species, or a new set of 
conditions. The aim of many experi- 
ments also is to get a relatively quick 
result without resorting to the detail of 
thoroughly organized research or investi- 
gation. In many cases this meets with 
the immediate need of the problem and 
of practice. The procedure in an experi- 
ment may be refined, or it may be by 
the so-called trial-and-error method. It 
should be pointed out here that when 
more experiments are performed or estab- 
lished under the same set of conditions 

than are necessary to test the validity of 
certain findings, the activity passes out 
of the field of inquiry into that of dem- 
onstration. Thus it is necessary to em- 
phasize the distinction between an ex- 
periment made to obtain information and 
a demonstration designed to impart it. 

" My idea in presenting these distinc- 
tions between the forms of scientific 
inquiry is to call attention to the need 
of explicit language in dealing with re- 
search, and to provoke further thought 
on the subject." 



(Continued from page 1) 
ize the Secretary of Agriculture to make 
surveys of representative agricultural 
areas each year in each State for the 
purpose of indicating the economic con- 
dition of agriculture throughout the 
United States. 

Senator Nye, of North Dakota, intro- 
duced a bill (S. 5896) to facilitate the 
administration of the national parks by 
the Department of the Interior ; and 
another bill (S. 5897) to provide for 
the uniform administration of the na- 
tional parks by the Department of the 

The House passed a bill (S. 5880) 
providing for the preservation and con- 
solidation of certain timber lands along 
the western boundary of the Yosemite 
National Park, the bill having previously 
been passed by the Senate. The Senate 
also passed a resolution (S. J. Res. 202) 
to allow the States to quarantine against 
the shipment through their territory of 
livestock or poultry from localities where 
livestock or poultry diseases exist. 

The House has passed a resolution 
(S. J. Res. 132) to create a commission 
to prepare plans and designs to erect 
a memorial building for the National 
Memorial Association (Inc.) in the City 
of Washington, as a tribute to the ne- 
gro's contribution to the achievements of 

The House, on February 26, by a vote 
of 219 to 0, passed a bill (S. 1727) to 
amend the civil service retirement act. 
This measure provided for the adjust- 
ment of the age limitation at which 
certain employees may retire, and raised 
the maximum annuity to $1,200 a year. 
It had been passed by the Senate on 
May 3, 1928. Concurrence in amend- 
ments proposed by the House was voted 
by the Senate February 27 and the bill 
sent to the President, but it failed to 
receive the signature of the President. 

President Coolidge signed the following 
bills : 

S. 5880. Providing for the preservation 
and consolidation of certain timber 
stands on the western boundary of the 
Yosemite National Park. 

S. 1751. To establish load lines for 
American vessels, and for other purposes. 

S. 4385. To establish the Teton Na- 
tional Park in South Dakota. 

S. J. Res. 9, to establish a Joint Com- 
mission on Insular Reorganization. 

H. R. 5769, authorizing the consolida- 
tion and coordination of Government 
purchases, to enlarge the functions of 
the General Supply Committee to author- 
ize the erection of a public warehouse 
for the storage of Government supplies, 
and for other purposes. 

H. R. 15172, making appropriations 
for the military and nonmilitary activi- 
ties of the War Department for the fiscal 
year ending June 30, 1930. 

H. R. 13461, to provide for the acquisi- 
tion of lands in the District of Colum- 
bia for the use of the United States. 

H. R. 14148, amending an act of May. 
1928, entitled "An act to add certain 
lands to the Missoula National Forest, 

H. R. 16131, to enable the Postmaster 
General to make contracts for the trans- 
portation of mails by air from posses- 
sions or territories of the United States 
to foreign countries and to the United 
States and between such possessions or 

H. R. 12198, authorizing the exchange 
of timber with the Saginaw & Manistee 
Lumber Co. 

H. J. Res. 399. providing for more 
economic and better methods for the 
publication and distribution of the Code 
of Laws of the United States and of the 
District of Columbia. 

H. J. Res. 355, authorizing the appro- 
priation of $50jOOO to enable the Secre- 
tary of State to cooperate with the 
several government members of the 
Pan-American Union, furthering the 
building of an inter-American highway 
or highways. 

H. R. 13936, to amend the Federal 
farm loan act. 

H. R. 15430, continuing the powers 
and authority of the Federal Radio 

H. R. 13929, providing for the enlarg- 
ing of the Capitol grounds. 


A considerable number of surplus mule 
deer, or black-tailed deer, are being of- 
fered for sale alive by the Bureau of Bio- 
logical Survey from the National Bison 
Range in western Montana. The animals 
are offered at the price of $15 each as 
they run on the range, the purchaser 
paying all expenses in connection with 
capturing, crating, and removing the 
deer, which it is estimated will not ex- 
ceed, on the average, $20 an animal. 
The Biological Survey does not recom- 
mend these animals for stocking ranges 
in the South or East, particularly in 
areas already frequented by deer, but 
says they should do quite well in most 
of the western part of the United States. 
Where these deer are intended only for 
exhibition purposes they would stand 
a fair chance of surviving in the East. 
As the Survey desires to remove the 
animals from the reservation at the ear- 
liest possible date, persons interested in 
obtaining them should communicate with 
Frank H. Rose, protector in charge of 
the National Bison Range. His post- 
office address is Moiese, Mont., and his 
telegraphic address Dixon, Mont. Or- 
ders are contingent upon the possibility 
of capturing the animals at the time 
desired by the purchaser. 



Unith> States i 


War AeracuutiKE 

Issued Every Thursday from the Press Servicg 



Washington, D. C 

The Official Recoed is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic, and §1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the bureau or office 
officially concerned with the subject matter. 

Copy must be received before Wednesday 
noon in order for it to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Recoed is at 
215 Thirteenth Street SW., in the Press Serv- 
ice. Telephone : Main 4650, branch 242. 



The index of the general level of farm 
prices advanced from 133 to 136 per cent 
of the pre-war level from January 15 to 
February 15, says the Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. At 136, the index 
was 1 point above February 1928, and 
the highest February figure since 1926. 
The advance in the index of farm prices 
from January 15 to February 15 was 
due to higher prices for all grains, 
fruits and vegetables, cotton, cottonseed, 
hogs, lambs, chickens, and work animals, 
which more than offset slight declines in 
the farm prices of beef cattle and veal 
calves and seasonal declines in butter 
and egg prices. Indices of farm prices 
by groups of commodities changed as 
follows : Grains advanced 8 points ; meat 
animals, 4 points ; fruits and vegetables, 
2 points; and cotton and cottonseed, 1 
point. Poultry products declined 3 points, 
and dairy products 1 point. 


In 1926 the Secretary of Agriculture 
served a demand on the B. S. Pearsall 
Butter Co., of Elgin, 111., calling upon 
the company to file an annual report of 
its business, as provided for in the pack- 
ers and stockyards act. This the com- 
pany declined to do, on the ground that 
it was not a packer and could not be 
required to furnish such report. The 
matter was referred to the Department 
of Justice with the request that suit be 
instituted to recover forfeitures. A suit 
was instituted in a United States dis- 
trict court in Chicago early in 1927. A 
demurrer filed by the defendant company 
was overruled by the court. On January 
12 judgment by consent was entered 
against the defendant company in the 
sum of $1,000, and a check payable to 
the Treasurer of the United States in 
full satisfaction of the judgment has 
been received. The company also filed 
the complete information called for in 
annual reports covering its operations 

for the calendar years 1926, 1927, and 
1928. This case is of interest in chat it 
involves not only the question of the defi- 
nition of the term " packer " and its ap- 
plication to manufacturers of oleomar- 
garine but also the authority of the 
Secretary to require annual reports un- 
'der the act. 


The results of a world survey of live- 
stock improvement have been prepared 
in pamphlet form by the Bureau of Ani- 
mal Industry. The report covers the 
activities of 33 countries with respect to 
livestock improvement and outlines meth- 
ods in use and results obtained. The 
survey shows a rather striking similarity 
between the methods in use in the United 
States and those in other important live- 
stock countries. A tabulated summary 
of the entire survey shows that the 
United States ranks high among the 
countries most active in livestock im- 
provement, but that its efforts have been 
largely along educational lines, whereas 
a number of other countries have given 
more direct assistance, such as financial 
aid to breeders of improved stock and 
official awards at shows. Copies may be 
obtained on application to the Bureau 
of Animal Industry, the department, 


Increases in the maximum indemnity 
that may be paid by the Federal Gov- 
ernment for grade and purebred cattle 
condemned because of tuberculosis are 
announced by the Bureau of Animal In- 
dustry. The maximum Federal share in 
indemnity payments for grade cattle is 
increased from $25 to $35, and the 
amount for purebred cattle has been 
raised from $50 to $70. The new scale 
became effective February 19 with enact- 
ment of the agricultural appropriation 
bill for the fiscal year 1930. The other 
provisions in connection with the pay- 
ment of Federal indemnity for tubercu- 
lous cattle are the same as heretofore, 
namely, that it shall not be more than 
one-third of the difference between the 
appraised value of the animal and the 
salvage value, and that the Federal pay- 
ment shall not exceed the amount to be 
paid by the cooperating State, county, or 


By proclamation of the President of 
January 31, the boundaries of the Mis- 
soula, Helena, and Deerlodge National 
Forests in Montana have been redefined. 
Approximately 160,000 acres of land in 
the vicinity of the Continental Divide 
were transferred from the Missoula to 
the Helena Forest, and certain other 
lands within the Helena were transferred 
to the Deerlodge. The transfers were 
made in the interest of economy of ad- 

If your copy of The Official Record seems 
to be unduly late in reaching you, please 
report the tact, with dates, to the Press 
Service. Office of Information, the department, 



A special farm-and-home train, oper- 
ated by the Atchison, Topeka, & Santa 
Fe Railway Co. in cooperation with the 
Colorado Agricultural College and this 
department, recently completed a special 
10-day run through eastern Colorado in 
an effort to show farmers of eastern 
Colorado methods of making their opera- 
tions more profitable and their home life 
more comfortable and happy. James K. 
Wallace, associate marketing specialist 
of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 
accompanied the train as the representa- 
tive of the division of livestock, meats, 
and wool. Stops were made at two or 
three points daily. Besides two cars of 
crops, one relating to home and nutrition, 
and one livestock car with attached 
fenced platform car, there were two 
Santa Fe " business " cars, where the 17 
men who put on the demonstrations 
slept, including Mr. W T allace. Unusual 
interest was shown in the train exhibits 
at the various points, and farmers, 
housewives, and children gathered in 
large numbers. Contrasting types of 
hogs, sheep, steers, and dairy heifers 
were displayed. These animals were 
purchased on the Denver market. Classes 
in high schools were dismissed and stu- 
dents and teachers visited the train. Ad- 
dresses were made by a representative of 
the agricultural development section of 
the railway and by Mr. Wallace and spe- 
cialists representing the extension service 
of the State college, Mr. Wallace also giv- 
ing grading demonstrations. 


The Bureau of Animal Industry finds 
that the current outside agricultural and 
livestock press very usefully supplements 
the information which it receives from 
official sources upon the various lines of 
work in which the bureau is engaged. 
The editorial office of the bureau cur- 
rently examines about. 75 of the leading 
outside journals which touch upon the 
bureau's work most directly, and at the 
end of the year makes a summary of what 
has appeared in them. The summary for 
1928 reveals that in that year there was 
an unusual interest in animal diseases on 
the part of editors and contributors. Of 
the 1,213 leading articles and editorials 
examined in 1928, the largest number, 
183, dealt with the eradication of tuber- 
culosis from livestock. Other subjects 
widely discussed were poultry work, hog- 
cbolera control, livestock improvement. 
Federal meat inspection, and suppression 
of parasites of livestock, particularly 
roundworms of swine. Although most of 
the matter noticed was chiefly of an in- 
formational nature, slightly more than 
15 per cent of it was definitely opinion- 
ated, but of this latter there was practi- 
cally none that was not favorable to the 

The ranks of the foreign scientists 
working on American wood-utilization 
problems in the Forest Products Labora- 
tory of the Forest Service at Madison, 
Wis., were augmented recently by the 
arrival of five men sent by government 
and private agencies in Australia, Fin- 
laud, Poland, and Sweden. 


Memorandum of the Food, Drug, and Insecticide 

Two New Food Dyes Approved 

Two new food dyes, to be known as " but- 
tercup yellow" and "Ponceau SX," were 
recently approved for addition to the list of 
colors that will be certified by the Food, Drug, 
and Insecticide Administration. These colors 
have been tested both chemically and physi- 
ologically and found to be harmless to health 
and otherwise suitable for food use. Copies 
of the descriptions, specifications, and special 
analytical methods for these two dyes will 
be sent upon request to the Food, Drug, and 
Insecticide Administration, Washington, D. C. 
These colors will be officially placed on the 
permitted list the last of March by the is- 
suance of a supplement to Service and Regu- 
latory Announcements, Food, and Drug No. 3. 


(WOOL MARKET REPORTER), $2,60Q-$3,100. Appli- 
cations must be on file with the Civil Service 
Commission at Washington, D. C, not later 
than April 10. The examinations are to fill 
vacancies in the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics, for duty in the field. The entrance 
salaries are indicated above ; higher-salaried 
positions are filled through promotion. The 
duties of the livestock market reporter are 
to interview members of the trade and others 
at livestock markets and obtain information 
relative to current supplies, movements, 
prices, and other markets conditions pertain- 
ing to livestock, and to compile the informa- 
tion obtained in the form of concise, read- 
able reports suitable for publication. The du- 
ties of the meat market reporter are similar 
to those of the livestock market reporter, 
with the exception that he will obtain infor- 
mation on meats and animal products in the 
wholesale dressed-meat markets. The duties 
of the wool market reporter are similar to 
those of the livestock and meat market re- 
porters, with the exception that he will ob- 
tain information on wool and mohair in the 
principal wool market centers. Competitors 
will not be required to report for examination 
at any place, but will be rated on education, 
training, experience, and a thesis or discus- 
sion to be filed. 

ECONOMICS, ELEMENTARY, $1,560. — Applications 
must be on file with the Civil Service Commis- 
sion at Washington, D. C, not later than April 
9. The examinations are to fill vacancies in 
the Indian Service and vacancies occurring in 
positions requiring similar qualifications. A 
probationary period of one year is required ; 
advancement after that depends upon effi- 
ciency, usefulness, and occurrence of vacancies 
in higher positions. For quarters, fuel, and 
lieht a deduction of §180 a year will be made. 
Competitors will be rated on questions on 
methods of teaching, home management, foods, 
clothing and sewing, and on education, train- 
ing, and experience. 

COTTON CLASSER'S HELPER. — Applications must 
be on file with the Civil Service Commission at 
Washington, D. C. not later than April 9. 
The examination is to fill vacancies in the Bu- 
reau of Agricultural Economics, for duty in 
Washington, D. C, or in the field. The en- 
trance salarv is $1,620 a year ; higher-salaried 
positions are filled through promotion. The 
duties are to assist in arranging sets of cotton 
standards for inspection and review and to 
perform subordinated work in the cotton stand- 
ards laboratory. Competitors will be rated on 
practical questions relative to the duties of the 
position and on education and experience. 



James A. Gamble recently returned to the 
bureau as milk technologist in the animal 
husbandry division after an absence of 10 
years from the bureau during which time he 
was professor of dairy husbandry in the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. During his period of 

service in the university a strong dairy de- 
partment was developed and extensive labo- 
ratory facilities planned and provided at the 
institution. In 1923 he was selected by the 
National Research Council as its official dele- 
gate to the World's Dairy Congress held in 
Washington, D. C. He is now concerned with 
that work of the division which relates to 
the nutritive properties of goat milk in com- 
parison with the milk of the different breeds 
of dairy cattle, and the inheritance of beefi- 
ness and milking qualities in Shorthorn cattle. 
He recently received the degree of doctor of 
philosophy from George Washington Univer- 
sity, Washington, D. C. 


Florida. — Alexander W.' Turner, county 
agent of Liberty County for 15 years, died 
February 10. 

Indiana. — John Jensen, formerly county 
agent in North Dakota, has been appointed 
in Daviess County to succeed Hamlet H. Lett, 
who has accepted a similar position in Illi- 

Louisiana. — Claude W. Davis, county agent 
in Claiborne Parish, has been made district 
agent of northeast Louisiana, to succeed 
C. B. Haddon. resigned. Ellen LeNoir, 
district home demonstration agent, has been 
appointed State agent, to succeed Mary 
Jessie Stone, resigned. 

Utah. — Leroy C. Funk, instructor in animal 
husbandry in Idaho, has been appointed 
county agent in Duchesne County ; and 
C. A. Hymas, superintendent of one of the 
agricultural college farms, has been ap- 
pointed county agent in Piute and Garfield 

Wisconsin. — Alvin D. Carew, agricultural 
teacher in Oregon high schools, has been 
appointed county agent in Green Lake County 
to succeed James Lacey, who resigned to 
become livestock specialist. Manly Sharp, 
for the last two years a Smith-Hughes 
teacher, has been appointed county agent in 
Chippewa County. James Beattie, recently a 
farm manager, has been appointed county agent 
in Walworth County, succeeding L. J. M'erriam, 
who has been transferred to Dane County. Er- 
wln Davis, who since graduation from college 
in 1924 has been managing the home farm, has 
been appointed county agent in Iowa County. 
E. A. Jorgensen, a Smith-Hughes instructor 
for the last year, has been appointed county 
agent in Waushara County. Verlyn F. Sears, 
recently engaged in managing a Minnesota 
farm, has been made county agent in Eau 
Claire County. Robert Amundson, county 
agent of Outagamie County, has been ap- 
pointed county agent at large in charge of 
mail-order cow-testing work. 


Richard Edge, B. S. in chemistry. Uni- 
versity of Oregon, 1928, has been appointed 
as a junior chemist in insecticide control. 

J. D. Galligan, a junior chemist of the 
New York station, has obtained a transfer to 
the Bureau of Public Roads, to be stationed 
at Arlington, Va. 


In the delectable introduction to 
" The English Rock Garden," the late 
Reginald Farrer has many things to 
say concerning common and Latin 
names, and gives this as an example 
of botanical English — " an acaulescent 
herb of circinate vernation with the 
leaves imparipinnatipartite or uncinate- 
lyrate with mucronate-crenulate lobules, 
setulose-papillose, decurrent, peduncu- 
late and persistent " — which he trans- 
lates as — " stemless, with undecaying 
leaves uncurling from the center, set 
with bristly little warts and cut into 
an uneven row of featherings, with the 
lobes pointed and scalloped around the 
edge, some having a barbed, spear- 
headed effect, standing on foot stalks, 
down along which they continue in 
winglike flaps on either side." Schol- 
ars without a saving grace of humor 
were, and presumably still are, quite 
horrified at so buoyant a reading, but 
for the layman there is a zest in this 
vocabulary which is a perennial joy, 
so much so that a page or two of 
Farrer on a dull day will make the 
spring again. 
— B. Y. Morrisson, in The National 

Horticultural Magazine, January, 



Schedule of Speakers and Their Subjects 
and Dates for Broadcast During the Period 
March 25-29 

The noonday network radio program 
of Department of Agriculture speakers is 
broadcast from 1.15 to 1.30 p. m., eastern 
standard time; 12.15 to 12.30 p. m., cen- 
tral standard time; 11.15 to 11.30 a. m., 
mountain time. 

It is heard from the following stations, 
which are associated with the National 
Broadcasting Co.: KDKA, Pittsburgh; 
WHAS, Louisville; KFKX, Chicago; 
KSTP, St. Paul-Minneapolis; WHO, Des 
Moines; WOW, Omaha; WDAF, Kansas 
City; KVOO, Tulsa; WFAA, Dallas; 
WOAI, San Antonio; WSB, Atlanta; 
WSM, Nashville ; WMC, Memphis ; WRC, 
Washington; KOA, Denver; KWK, St 
Louis; WOC, Davenport. 

Monday, March 25 

The farm labor situation. — Dr. L. C. 
Gray, in charge of the division of land eco- 
nomics, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Growing your spring tonics. — W. R. Beat- 
tie, extension horticulturist, Bureau of Plant 

Tuesday, March 26 

Special summary of report, intentions to 
plant spring crops.* — W. F. Callander, 
chairman of the Federal Crop Reporting 
Board, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Wednesday, March 27 

Is windstorm insurance worth WHILE? 1 

Dr. V. N. Valgren, senior agricultural econo- 
mist, division of agricultural finance, Bureau 
of Agricultural Economics. 

Farm science news flashes. — C. E. Ga- 
pen. chief of the Press Service, Office of In- 

Thursday, March 28 

Sidelights on the lamb market. — C. A. 
Burmeister, agricultural economist, division of 
livestock, meats, and wool, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics. 

Putting the lid on the farm under- 
world. — Dr. M. C. Hall, chief of the zoological 
division, Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Friday, March 29 

Style plus comfort in the children's 
spring outfits. — Miss Clarice Scott, assistant 
specialist in clothing, Bureau of Home Eco- 

Rabbits for easter. — F. G. Ashbrook, in 
charge of the division of fur resources, Bu- 
reau of Biological Survey. 

* Previously scheduled for March 21. The 
schedule for March 21 now stands revised as 
follows : 

Balancing the livestock output. — Dr. 
W. J. Spillman, principal agricultural econo- 
mist, division of farm management and costs, 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. 

Breeding better livestock. — Dr. H. C. 
McPhee, senior animal husbandman, in charge 
of the genetics section, division of animal hus- 
bandrv, Bureau of Animal Industry. 

The Official Record has a column which 
runs under the head " New Ideas and Dis- 
coveries." The purpose of this column is to 
give publication to the new things in science, 
administration, and invention, which are 
found, conceived, or developed by the people 
of the department. The column is open to the 
entire staff of the department for contribu- 
tion to it. The principal requirement is that 
the subject matter be presented from the point 
of view that the chemist, the entomologist, 
the administrator, the economist, the geneti- 
cist, et al., are largely laymen to one another 
outside their particular subject-matter spe- 



SEED WHEAT. (Department LeaBet 33-L.) By F. C. 
Meier, extension plant pathologist, Exten- 
sion Service ; E. G. Boerner, senior market- 
ing specialist ; G. P. Bodnar, assistant mar- 
keting specialist, grain division, Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics ; C. E. Leighty, 
principal agronomist, office of cereal crops 
and diseases, Bureau of Plant Industry, all 
of the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture ; and J. Earl Coke, extension specialist 
in agronomy, California State Extension 
Service. P. 8, figs. February 1929. 
Cleaning of seed wheat for the removal of 
weed seeds and treatment of the seed with 
copper carbonate dust have been generally ac- 
cepted as necessary practices. Several suc- 
cessful machines for either the cleaning or 
tieating operations are on the market and 
they may be combined and mounted on trucks 
so as to "be moved from farm-to farm or be set 
up as stationary equipment. Also several 
makes of machines are now available on the 
market which are designed to combine cleaning 
and treating in one operation. The leaflet has 
a section describing a combined machine 
mounted on a truck and driven by a small 
gasoline engine, equipment which has been suc- 
cessfully operated as a community enterprise 
in San Luis Obispo County, California, the last 
two years. 

H. W. Hochbaum, field agent. Eastern States, 
Office of Cooperative Extension Work. Exten- 
sion Service. P. 25, figs. January 1929. 
This publication, prepared especially for the 
use of cooperative extension workers, would 
be of interest to others engaged in enterprises 
relating to the rural community. Proposing 
closer contact between the rural church and 
the agricultural extension work of the de- 
partment and the State colleges of agricul- 
ture, in solving the problems of farming and 
the improvement of country life, reasons are 
outlined for such cooperation, the ways in 
which it may be achieved, and the practical 
results already obtained in many instances by 
clergymen and extension workers acting har- 
moniously are given. Reports to the depart- 
ment extension service have been drawn on 
for material covering a wide variety of ac- 

ENCES, AND YIELDS. (Technical Bulletin 91-T.) 
By Frank M. Eaton, formerly assistant 
pliysiologist. and Galen O. Belden, formerly 
assistant scientific aid, office of cotton, rub- 
ber, and other tropical plants. Bureau of 
Plant Industry- P. 40, figs. January 1929. 
A technical bulletin, intended primarily for 
plant physiologists and those interested in 
cotton growing or breeding in regions subject 
to high temperatures. A method for deter- 
mining the leaf temperatures of cotton plants, 
regarded as better than other methods, is de- 
scribed and demonstrated. Observations that 
were made showed a relation between leaf 
temperature and water requirement, that 
plants with a high water requirement had a 
lower leaf temperature. Attention is called 
to the effect of high leaf temperatures on the 
shedding of cotton bolls, and that the Pima 
Egyptian cotton, which maintains a lower 
leaf temperature, is less subject to shedding 
than are upland varieties. 

(Alaska Agricultural Experiment Stations Bui. 8.) 

By C. C. Georgeson, formerly director of 
the Alaska Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tions. P. 23, figs. 20. January 1929. 
The information in this bulletin is pre- 
sented for the use of farmers and settlers in 
Alaska and for such others as may be inter- 
ested in the cattle-raising industry in the 
Territory. The bulletin briefly reviews the 
cattle situation from the time of the inception 
of the first experiment station at Sitka, in 
1898, and records the results of making 
reciprocal crosses between introduced Gallo- 
ways and Holstein-Friesians and between 
Galloways and the Asiatic yak for the pro- 
duction 'of a hardy cattle for the Territory. 
The crossbreds in the Galloway-Holstein- 
Friesian work are said to be intermediate in 
milking qualities between the Holstein- 
Friesians and the Galloways and tardier than 

the former. Hope is expressed that the yak- 
Galloway hybrids can be used as foundation 
stock for the development of a suitable beef 
breed for the far north. 

No. 2. January 15, 1929, il. Feb., 1929. 


Symbiotic fungi of cereal seeds and their 
relation to cereal proteins. (G-660.) S. L. 
Jodidi and Maroslav Peklo. 

Rhizoetonia rot of turnips in storage. (G- 
655.) J. I. Lauritzen. 

The correlation between the soil salinity 
and flowering date in cotton. (G-662.) J. 
Arthur Harris. 

Phosphorus deficiency in forage feeds of 
range cattle. (Mont-.20.j Samuel G. Scott. 

Phillips, in charge, and Earl D. Fowler, 
E. W. Knobel, and J. W. Moon, "United 
States Department of Agriculture : and 
G. L. Fuller. Georgia State College of 
Agriculture. P. 45. fig. (From F. O. Soils 
No. 16, series 1924.) 

of Animal Industry 261, January, 192B. P. 1-12. 
February 1929. 

[The Superintendent of Documents, Govern- 
ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C, has 
for sale many publications issued by this de- 
partment which are no longer available free. 
He will send free price lists of them upon re- 
quest. Readers of The Official Record may 
render a service in the distribution of the 
department's information by telling those with 
whom they come in contact of the availability 
of these free price lists.] 


The library of the Office of Experiment 
Stations maintains, but for library purposes 
only, a complete file of all the publications 
issued by the State experiment stations. 

(This department has none of these State pub- 
Iicati»ns for distribution, but usually they may 
be obtained from the stations issuing them. For 
convenience in writing to a station, the postal 
address point where the station is located in the 
State is given at the end of each of the entries 

The assessment and equalization of real prop- 
erty in Delaware. M. M. Daugherty. (Del- 
aware Sta. Bui. 159, 51 p., 8 figs. Dec. 
1928.) Newark. 

Coconut bud rot in Florida. J. L. Seal. 
(Florida Sta. Bui. 199, S7 p., 51 figs. Sept. 
192S.) Gainesville. 

Small grain tests. R. P. Bledsoe. (Georgia 
Sta. Bui. 149, 35 p. Dec. 1928.) Experi- 

Cotton variety test, 192S. R. P. Bledsoe, 
H. K. Brabham, and G. A. Hale. (Georgia 
Sta. Cire. 83, 3 p. Jan. 1929.) Experi- 

Report of the Guam Agricultural Experiment 
Station, 1927. C. W. Edwards. 17 p., 3 
figs. Guam. 

Types of Farming in Iowa. C. L. Holmes. 
(Iowa Sta. Bui. 256, p. 115-166, 16 figs. 
Jan. 1929.) Ames. 

Peach pruning in Maryland. A. L. Schrader 
and E. C. Auchter. (Maryland Sta. Bui. 
299. 36 p., 35 figs. July 1928.) College 

Artificial ripening of fruits and vegetables. 
R. B. Harvey. (Minnesota Sta. Bui. 247, 
36 p.. 8 figs. Oct. 1928.) University Farm, 
St. Paul. 

Approved practices for sweet potato growers. 
H. B. Mann. R. F. Poole, and R. Schmidt. 
(North Carolina Sta. Bui. 263. 6 p. Feb. 
1929.) State College Station. Raleigh. 

A survey of the 1928 North Dakota wheat 
crop. C. E. Mangels, T. E. Stoa. and R. C. 
Dynes. (North Dakota Sta. Bui. 222, 23 
p.. 8 flgs. Nov. 1928.) State College Sta- 
tion, Fargo. 

Plants in the home. A. F. Yeager. (North 
Dakota Sta. Bui. 224, 32 p., 15 figs. Dec. 
1928.) State College Station, Fargo. 

Motor-driven green feed, root, and straw 
choppers. F. E. Price. G. W. Kable, and 
F. E. Fox. (Oregon Sta. Circ, 88, 8 p.. 7 
figs. Jan. 1929.) Corvallis. 

The Jerusalem artichoke. H. A. Schoth. 

(Oregon Sta. Circ. 89, 16 p., 5 figs. Jan. 

1929.) Corvallis. 
Director's biennial report [Oregon Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station]. 1926-192S. 

J. T. Jardine. 133 p. Corvallis. 
Cotton variety tests, 1928. T. S. Buie. 

(South Carolina Sta. Circ. 35. 11 p.. 1 fig. 

Feb. 1929.) Clemson College. 
Annual report of the director [of the South 

Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station] 

for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1928. 

J. W. Wilson. 32 p. Brookings. 
The Utah Agricultural Experiment Station. 

P. V. Cardon. (Utah Sta. Circ. 76, 4 p. 

Feb. 1929.) Logan. 



Matons. Augusto, and Rossell y Vila, P. M. 
Diccionario de agricultura, zootecnia y vet- 
erinaria. t. 1, fasc. 1-2. Barcelona, Sal- 
vat, 1928. 


Boughton, I. B. Anatomie et physiologie des 
animaux domestiques. Port-au-Prince, Haiti. 
Service technique du Departement de l'agri- 
culture et de l'enseignement professionnel, 

Winter, E. L. How to make £5 a week from 
angora rabbits. London, A. Rogers, 1928. 


Borrelli. Giuseppe. Podologia bovina. Ca- 
tania. Battiato. 1928. 

Gt. Brit. Colonial office. Committee on colo- 
nial veterinary service. Report. London. 

Mangold. E. L. K. W. F. Tierphysiologisehes 
praktikum. Berlin, Springer, 1928. 


Blanck. Edwin, ed. Handbuch der boden- 
lehre. v. 1. Berlin, Springer, 1929. 


Canada. Dept. of interior. Forestry branch. 

The forests of Canada. Ottawa, 1928. 
Hanzlik, E. J. Trees and forests of western 

United States. Portland, Ore., Dunham 

printing eo., 1928. 
Lindner, K. F. Die privatforstwirtsehaft. 

Hannover, Schaper, 1928. 



Gilman, A. Practical bee-breeding 
Putnam. 192S. 

Herrod-Hempsall, William. Producing, pre- 
paring, exhibiting & judging bee produce. 
London, British bee journal, 1912. 


Hayne, R. A. Farm hazards. Chicago. In- 
ternational harvester company, Agricultural 
extension dept., 1928. 


Institute of American meat packers. Com- 
mittee on accounting. Packinghouse ac- 
counting, rev. and ed. by Howard C. Creer. 
Chicago, University of Chicago press. 1929. 


Kuhlmann. C. B. The development of the 
flour-milling industry in the United States. 
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1929. 


South Tyneside joint committee, regional town 
planning scheme. South Tyneside regional 
town planning scheme. Westminster, 192S. 


Bauer. E. E. Plain concrete. New York. Mc- 
Graw-Hill, 102S. 

Franzius, H. L. O. Der grundbau. Berlin. 
Springer. 1927. 

Limasset. Lucien. Cours de routes et voies 
ferrees sur chaussees chemins vicinaux. 
Paris, Beranger. 191S. 

Melan. Josef. Der briickenbau. Ed. 3. Leip- 
zig. Deuticko. 1927. 

Moyer. J. A., and Fittz. R. U. Refrigeration. 
Now York. McGraw-Hill. 192S. 

Staniar, William. Mechanical power trans- 
mission. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1928. 



Greer, C. C. Foods and home making. Bos- 
ton, Allyn and Bacon. 1928. 


McClung. C. B. Handbook of microscopical 
technique. New York, Hoeber, 1029. 


Bailey, Dorothy, and Bailey, K. C. An ety- 
mological dictionary of chemistry and min- 
eralogy. London, Arnold. 1929. 

Liesegang, R. E. Biologische kolloidchemie. 
Dresden, Steinkopff, 1928. 

Walden, Paul. Salts, acids, and bases : elec- 
trolytes : stereochemistry. New York, Mc- 
Graw-Hill, 1929. 

Weichberz, Josef. Die malzextrakte. Berlin, 
Springer, 1928. 


Calvert. J. F., and Cameron, J. H. Zoology 
for high schools. Toronto, Educational book 
company, 1928. 

Graham. S. A. Principles of forest entomol- 
ogy. New York, McGraw-Hill. 1929. 

Martini, E. C. W. Beitriige zur mcdizinischen 
entomologie und zur malaria-epidemiologie 
des unteren Wolgagebiets. Hamburg, De 
Gruyter, 1928. 

Pellett, F. C. Birds of the wild ; how to 
make your home their home. New York, 
De La Mare, 1928. 

Wardle, R. A. The principles of applied 
zoology. London, Longmans, Green, 1929. 

Rosendahl, C. O., and Butters, F. K. Trees 
and shrubs of Minnesota. Minneapolis, 
University of Minnesota press, 1928. 

Zabaria, O. Dictionarul plantelor medicinale 
ce cresc in Romania. Craiova, " Samitca ", 


Ogilvie. A. G„ ed. Great Britain ; essays in 

regional geography. Cambridge, University 

press, 1928. 
Ragatz, L. J. The fall of the planter class 

in the British Caribbean, 1763-1833. New 

York, Century, 1928. 


Boston university. College of business ad- 
ministration. Bureau of business research. 
Dealer profits on ice cream, a survey of 
the merchandising of ice cream in drug 
stores. Boston, 1929. 

Boyle. J. E. Agricultural economics. Ed. 3. 
Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1928. 

Chamber of commerce of the United States of 
America, Washington, D. C. Foreign com- 
merce dept. Commerce and economic re- 
sources of our outlying territories and pos- 
sessions. Washington, 1929. 

Italy. Commissariato per le riparazioni dei 
danni di guerra. Le ricostruzioni nelle 
terre liberate. Roma. 1924. 

Johnson. A. A. Russia at work. Springfield, 
Mass., Author, 1928. 

Manchester, Eng. Service guild. The Man- 
chester markets. Manchester, 1928. 


Trelease, S. F., and Yule, E. S. Preparation 
of scientific and technical papers. Ed. 2. 
Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1927. 


McMillen, J. A. Selected articles on inter- 
library loans. New York, H. W. Wilson, 


National society for the study of educational 
sociology. 1st yearbook. Bibliographies on 
educational sociology. Buffalo, 1928. 

Vernon, W. H. J. A bibliography of metallic 
corrosion. London, Arnold, 1928. 


The following books belonging to the library 
cannot be found. It will be appreciated if 
anyone having information in regard to tbem 
will report the fact at the loan desk of the 
main library. 

Billings, E. R. Tobacco : its history, va- 
rieties, culture, manufacture and commerce. 
Hartford. 1875. 

Illinois. Agricultural experiment station. 
A year's progress, 1927/28. Annual report. 

Jordan and Falk. Newer knowledge of bac- 
teriology and immunology. 1928, 

West Virginia. Agr. Expt. Sta. Cir. 13-24 ; 
Biennial report. 1914/15-1915/16 : Bulletins 
no. 149-161 and Inspection Bulletins no. 3-4. 


Cooperation intellectuelle. revue mensuelle, 

annee 1, no. 1- Jan. 15, 1929- Paris. 
La Rivista agricola. semi-monthly, anno 24, 

fasc. 554- Dec. 16, 1928- Roma. 
Rural business, monthly, v. 1, no. 1- Jan. 

1929- Chicago. 
Wegen ; maandblad gewijd aan den wegen het 

verkeer. monthly, jaarg. 4- Den Haag, 



A school for the training of men in hay 
inspection was held at Fort McPherson, 
Ga., recently by the hay, feed, and seed 
division of the Bureau of Agricultural 
Economics, reports A. D. Harlan, super- 
vising inspector of the division stationed 
at Atlanta. The Army cooperated in 
holding the school. The commanding 
officer of the Army, Fourth Corps Area, 
issued a statement in advance of the 
opening of the school, stating that veter- 
inary officers who completed the course 
successfully would be licensed under the 
regular agreement existing between the 
Departments of War and Agriculture, 
and that enlisted men and civilian em- 
ployees of the Army who qualified 
would receive certificates of qualifica- 
tion. Fourteen officers, enlisted men, 
and civilian employees of the Army, and 
one civilian of Atlanta, attended the 
school. Nearly every Army post of the 
Fourth Corps Area was represented. All 
but two of those enrolled completed the 
course satisfactorily. 


Much of the rice seed received for 
testing by the seed laboratory of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry and by the 
State and cooperative rice association 
laboratories in the rice-growing States, 
has germinated very poorly this year, 
says Eben H. Toole, associate physiolo- 
gist of the B. P. I. laboratory. Mr. 
Toole, in a department statement to the 
press, urges growers to make use of the 
testing service provided. The labora- 
ties are equipped to test the value of 
seed for planting purposes. In submit- 
ting samples for test it is well to send 
a half pound of seed. The samples may 
be sent to seed laboratory, Bureau of 
Plant Industry, Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C, or to one of 
the United States cooperative seed lab- 
oratories located at Columbia, Mo., 
Lafayette, Ind., Corvallis, Oreg., and Sac- 
ramento, Calif. 


Early in February approximately 3,400 
elk at the Elk Refuge in Jackson Hole, 
Wyoming, were being fed hay, says Ai- 
mer P. Nelson of the Bureau of Biologi- 
cal Survey who is protector of the refuge. 
The cold weather and deep snow have 
forced more and more of the elk down 
into the valley where the feeding grounds 
have been established. On February 9, 
Mr. Nelson reports, there was about 30 
inches of snow on the refuge and sub- 
zero temperatures prevailing, the ther- 
mometer on one night registering as low 
as 48° below zero. 

Articles and Written Addresses by De- 
partment People in Outside 

Agricultural Economics 

Coombs, Whitney. — State consumption taxes 
on nonessentials. Bulletin. National Tax 
Association, ^February 1929, p. 138. 

Randell, C. E. — Standardization of classes 
and grades of livestock. National Live- 
stock Producer, November 1928, p. 2. 

Sherman, C. B. — Applying outlook informa- 
tion to farming. United States Banker, 
January 1929, p. 9. 

Animal Industry 

Shrader, H. L. — Grow healthy chick move- 
ment. Poultry Tribune, vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 
13, 62, 63. January 1929. 

Biological Survey 

Couch. Leo K. — Spring food Tiabits of Yakima 
Valley hawks. The Murrelet, vol. 10, No. 1, 
p. 10-11, January 1929. 

Green, R. G., and Shillinger, .1. E. — Results 
of research on diseases of fur-hearing ani- 
mals in captivity. Journal of the American 
Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 74, No. 
3, p. 277-282, February 1929. 

Green, R. G. ; Ziegler, N. R. ; Dewey, E. T. ; 
and Shillinger, J. E. — Experimental trans- 
mission of epizootic encephalitis of foxes. 
Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 17, No. 1, p. 
54-55, January 1929. 

Howell, Arthur H. — Description of a new 
red squirrel from North Carolina. Journal 
of Mammalogy, vol. 10, No. 1, p. 75-76, 
February 1929. 

Jewett, S\ G. — Thomomys bottae laticeps in 
Oregon. Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 10, 
No. 1, p. 80-81, February 1929. 

Moore, A. W. — Extra-uterine pregnancy in 
Peromyscus. Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 
10. No. 1, p. 81, February 1929. 

Preble, E. A.- — The sportsman and the 
woodcock. Maryland Conservationist, vol. 
6, No. 1. p. 13, Winter Issue 1929. 

Sheldon, H. P. — Bog-trotting in Maryland. 
Maryland Conservationist, vol. 6, No. 1, p. 
14-17, Winter Issue 1929. 

Shillinger, J. E: — Fur animals and the 
veterinarian. North American Veteri- 
narian, vol. 9, No. 12, p. 43-44, December 

Chemistry and Soils 

Turrentine, J. W. — The world's resources 
in agricultural potash. Proceedings and 
Papers of the First International Congress 
of Soil Science, vol. 3. June 13-22. 1927. 

— Chapter on potash. Mineral Industry, 

vol. 35. p. 477, 1927. 

Ross, W. H. : Merz, A. R. : and Jacob, 
K. D. — Preparation and properties of am- 
monium phosphates. Industrial and Engi- 
neering Chemistry, vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 286— 
289, March 1929. 

Deming. W. Edwards. — Chart of the elec- 
tromagnetic energy relations. Journal of 
the Optical Society of America and Review 
of Scientific Instruments, vol. 18, No. 1, 
pp. 50-52, January 1929. 

F. D. I. Administration 

Munch, J. C. and Gittinger, G. S. — Bioas- 
say of aconite and its preparations 1. 
Lethal dose of aconitine to rats. Journ. 
Amer. Pharm. Assoc, vol. 18, No. 1, p. 17. 
January 1929. 

Wales. H, and Brewer, C. M. — Effect of 
storage on chemical and antiseptic proper- 
ties of silver protein solutions. Labora- 
tory and Clinical Medicine, vol. 14, No. 4, 
p. 306-313. January 1929. 

Plant Industry 

Blake, S. F. — Cladonia floridana in New Jer- 
sey. Rhodora, vol. 31, p. 56. March 1929 

Stanton, T. R., and Coffman, F. A. — Yellow- 
kerneled fatuoid oats. Journal Heredity 
vol. 20. p. 66-70. February 1929. 

Stuart, W. — What's the matter with the po- 
tato industry? American Produce Grower 
vol. 4. No. 2, p. 19. February 1929. 

Swingle, W. T., Robinson, T. R., and May 
E. — The nurse-grafted Y-cutting method of 
plant propagation. Journal Heredity, vol 
20, p. 78-94. February 1929. 

In the second year since the beginning 
of Four-H forestry club work in Ohio, 
boy and girl members of the clubs of the 
State have planted 103.500 forest-tree 
seedlings on their home farms. 



That State not only Protects Efiotorist from having His View of Danger Obscured, but 
also Attempts to Preserve the Scenic Beauty along the Highways 

Although State, county, and local laws 
governing advertising signs on the high- 
ways are designed, in most States, to 
afford protection to motorists, only in 
Nevada do they also attempt to preserve 
the scenic beauty of the roads. This 
is disclosed by a survey of such laws 
made recently by the Bureau of Public 

In Nevada, no permit is granted for 
the erection of any billboard sign or other 
form of notice on any location which may 
measurably destroy the natural beauty 
of the scenery or obscure a view of the 
road ahead or of curves and grades or 
intersection highways or railroads. 
Though the majority of States restrict 
the placing of signs within certain dis- 
tances of curves, grades or Intersections 
of highways or railroads, Nevada is the 
only State of the 4S to restrict the placing 
of signs where they will spoil the beauty 
of the scenery along the highways. 

" It is unfair to the motoring public 
that the very industries which depend 
upon the highways for their whole busi- 
ness should be the worst offenders in 
erecting and maintaining thousands of 
glaring, disfiguring signs along our 
streets and roadways," says Thomas H. 
MacDonald. chief of the Bureau of 
Public Roads. 

" The most offensive of these shriek at 
the traveler who is in hopeful search of 

the beauty of the countryside and a rest- 
ful, uplifting change from city streets. 
They shriek at him to buy gas and oil, 
automobiles, grease, and tires, and to 
stop at certain hotels." 

It is to the credit of many of the pro- 
ducers of the best products that their 
wares are not advertised in this way, 
and to certain oil companies and to 
others who have withdrawn from this 
practice, he says. 

'• The billboard advertisers are not the 
only offenders against the highways," he 
says. " Nine out of every 10 of the road- 
side filling stations and lunch stands 
merit the condemnation rather than the 
patronage of the passerby. 

" These conditions will not be cured by 
scolding. The larger companies will 
abandon these invasions of the rights of 
the public, some through an awakened 
conscience, others through necessity be- 
cause this fight for clean roadsides is 
just starting. 

"A number of the State highway de- 
partments have made splendid progress, 
and some notable legislation has been 
made effective. One of the best of such 
laws is that of Connecticut, which li- 
censes all roadside filling stations, re- 
quires the location and arrangement to 
be approved, and keeps this business off 
the right of way." 



(Continued from- page 1) 

In his term as Governor of Missouri, 
Mr. Hyde conducted an energetic cam- 
paign for better schools, and especially 
emphasized the necessity of giving rural 
children educational advantages equal to 
those enjoyed by city children. In an 
address to the Missouri Legislature Jan- 
uary 4, 1923, he said : "Agriculture is the 
greatest industry in Missouri * * * 
the greatest problem in the development 
of Missouri to-day is the development of 
agriculture and the rural population. 
Two things are primarily necessary for 
agriculture — greater profits and better 
schools." He owns and operates three 

Mr. Hyde is famed as an orator. While 
in Trenton he conducted a men's Bible 
class of the Methodist Church, which at- 
tracted a large proportion of the male 
population of that small town. 


A Bureau of Animal Industry poster 
dealing with the common sheep liver 
fluke has been issued by the department 
in the effort to enlist the aid of livestock 
owners in checking the spread of the 
parasite. The poster describes and illus- 
trates the life cycle of the fluke and out- 
lines methods of control. Since young 
flukes spend a part of their life history 
in the snail it is especially important 
to drain, fill, or fence off wet areas in 
which snails breed. Snails may also be 

destroyed by the application of copper 
sulphate, as a spray or powder, to in- 
fested pastures. Besides killing many 
sheep and cattle annually, flukes cause 
an annual loss of fully $300,000 in the 
form of damage to livers as a food com- 
modity. These parasites, sometimes incor- 
rectly called leeches, are spreading from 
the West coast, Rocky Mountain States, 
and South, toward the East and North. 
Copies of the poster may be obtained 
from the Bureau of Animal Industry, 
the department, Washington, upon re- 

" In our opinion no greater service to 
farmers has been developed by the 
United States Department of Agricul- 
ture in recent years than that of sum- 
moning experts from every State to 
attend an extended session in Washing- 
ton and confer with the department's 
own specialists and economists in vari- 
ous lines and with them analyze all the 
factors regarding trends of production, 
consumption, and prices — and then issue 
a danger signal regarding crops that are 
likely to be overplanted, or indicate the 
extent to which acreages of certain other 
crops may be safely increased. . . . 
More and more every year farmers are 
beginning to watch for these forecasts, 
and to feel that they are in the dark 
about planting and planning until fore- 
casts such as these are available. . . . 
The truth is that the official forecasting 
of both crops and prices is now done with 
a high degree of accuracy." — From an 
editorial in The Progressive Farmer, Bir- 
mingham, Ala., issue of March ... 


Indications are that the outbreak of 
foot-and-mouth disease in Los Angeles. 
California, has been fully, suppressed, 
says the Bureau of Animal Industry. 
Between January 18 and February 16 
infection was found on five premises, but 
since that period, thorough inspection of 
susceptible livestock within a radius of 
20 miles of the infected premises has 
failed to show any signs of the disease. 
When this issue of The Official Record 
went to press. March 6. the situation 
was considered by veterinary officials of 
the bureau to be highly encouraging. 
However, an adequate force of trained 
veterinarians is being maintained in the 
affected area in order to suppress at once 
any new infection that may have escaped 
the rigorous measures that have been 
taken. The favorable outlook warranted 
a material reduction in the size of the 
quarantined area, effective March 9. 
Meanwhile the testing of the premises 
on which infection occurred is in prog- 
ress through the introduction of suscep- 
tible animals and in accordance with 
the customary procedure for determin- 
ing whether all infection has been 
destroyed by the cleaning and disinfect- 
ing operations. 


A New York City concern recently paid 
fines aggregating $400 for doing business 
contrary to the Federal food and drugs 
act, reports the New York City station 
of the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Ad- 
ministration. The product involved was 
a so-called olive oil. The oil was mostly 
cottonseed oil, containing just enough 
olive oil to give it a little of the odor and 
flavor of olive oil ; and further than that, 
there was not as much volume of prod- 
uct in the packages as was declared on 
the packages. The case was based upon 
shipments made to Scranton. Pa. It was 
tried before Judue Goddard in the United 
States District Court for the Southern 
District of New York. The defendant 
pleaded guilty to the charges of the Gov- 
ernment. The court imposed fines of S150 
on each of two counts and $100 on a 
third. This was one of the heaviest first- 
offense finings that has been decreed by 
a court in the New York City territory in 
recent years for violation of the food 
and drugs act. and the Food. Drug, and 
Insecticide Administration believes it 
will have a salutary effect. 

High-school papers of Washington and 
Oregon have a special forestry corre- 
spondent in the Portland (Oreg.) office 
of the United States Forest Service. For 
the fifth year. John D. Guthrie, assist- 
ant district forester at Portland, is sup- 
plying to the school papers of the two 
States specially prepared press material 
relating to forestry. Each week of the 
school year the forest officer sends the 
papers a brief press release. The ma- 
terial furnished presents incidents in the 
life and work of rangers and stories of 
fires in the forests, and involved in it 
aie fundamental facts about forest prob- 
lems. Many of the schools use the ma- 
terial in class work in English, economics, 
civics, and on bulletin boards. The 
school editors are invited to make sug- 
gestions as to choice and presentation of 


United States 


of Agriculture 

Certificate : By direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, the matter contained herein is published as administrative information and is 

required for the proper transaction of the public business 

Vol. 8 

Washington. March 21, 1929 

No. 12 


Have Changed Over from Emphasis of 

Monopoly Control to Marketing 

Services for Members 

One of the most significant changes in 
cooperative cotton marketing in recent 
years is the change of emphasis from 
monopoly control to that of rendering the 
grower members marketing services 
through a system of efficient merchandis- 
ing, said Dr. J. S. Hathcock, senior econ- 
omist of the division of cooperative mar- 
keting, Bureau of Agricultural Econom- 
ics, addressing the cooperative market- 
ing school held recently at Humboldt, 
Tenn. " In the present cotton-marketing 
season, 1928-29, the cotton cooperatives 
are handling approximately 1,100,000 
bales of cotton, or about 8 per cent of 
the total United States production," he 

" Cooperative cotton marketing associ- 
ations," Doctor Hathcock said, " have 
made remarkable progress in recent years 
in the reduction of operating costs, in- 
cluding costs of storage, insurance, in- 
terest, and other items. They have made 
definite progress in the initial problems of 
developing efficient managerial services 
and working out operating and sales de- 
tails and technique of pool payments and 
in establishing satisfactory credit rela- 
tions with banks and building up sub- 
stantial reserves." 

Last September the division of coopera- 
tive marketing held a conference of cot- 
ton cooperatives at Memphis, Tenn., to 
discuss past experiences, the current sit- 
uation, and, so far as possible, future de- 
velopments in the cooperative marketing 
of cotton. At that conference the follow- 
ing economic services that cotton coopera- 
tives can advantageously perform for the 
growers were subscribed to: (1) Grade 
and staple cotton accurately, (a) classers 
licensed and supervised by the Govern- 
ment ; (2) make returns to growers on 
basis of grade and staple; (3) sell direct 
to mills; (4) provide an efficient selling 
agency for members using short-time 
pools; (5) obtain highest possible average 
seasonal pool prices through (a) use of 
trained sales force, (b) sales based on 
scientific analysis of market conditions; 
(6) reduce market risks of individual 
growers by pooling ; (7) store and insure 
at minimum rates ; (8) obtain funds for 
commodity financing at low rates of in- 
terest ; (9) stimulate interest in better 
ginning; and (10) encourage the produc- 
tion of better staple. 

{Continued on page 12) 
4064O — 29 1 




The 1930 Agriculture appro- 
priation act was approved by 
the President on February 16. 
The first and second deficiency 
acts were approved by the 
President on March 4. The 
Official Eecoed is now able 
to publish a complete state- 
ment of all of the appropria- 
tions provided by Congress at 
the last session for the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture for the 
next fiscal year. 

The statement of the appro- 
priations will be found on in- 
side pages of this issue, begin- 
ning on page 2. 


Figure for January 1, 1929, Nearly 

4,590,000 Below the Peak Figure 

of 32,000,000 in 1909 

The farm population of the United 
States is now the smallest in 20 years, 
reports the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics. It >vas 27,511,000 on January 1, 
1929. as compared with 32,000,000, the 
peak, in 1909, the bureau estimates. The 
bureau's figures show a decrease in farm 
population in the last year, despite im- 
provement in agricultural conditions and 
a slight slackening in industrial employ- 
ment, the January 1, 1929, figure com- 
paring with the figure 27,699,000 for 
January 1, 192S. The bureau says : 

The decrease in farm population in the 
last year would have been much greater 
if it had not been offset by an excess of 
births over deaths. In the movement of 
population from and to farms, 1,960,000 
persons left farms during the year and 
1,862,000 moved from cities to farms. 

Last year the movement away from 
farms slowed up somewhat during the 
year as compared with immediately pre- 
ceding years, but the movement from 
cities to farms was also smaller. During 
the year 1,960,000 persons left farms, as 
compared with 1,978,000 in 1927 and 

(Continued on page IS) 


Laws Now Provide for Expansion of Sta- 
tistical, Standardization, and 
Inspection Work 

A new section to develop work on to- 
bacco, provided for by the tobacco stocks 
and standards act passed by Congress on 
January 14, has been established in the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. The 
act authorizes and directs the Secretary 
of Agriculture to compile and publish 
quarterly reports of the stocks of leaf to- 
bacco in the United States in the posses- 
sion of manufacturers, warehousemen, 
brokers, etc. Also, the act authorizes the 
Secretary to establish the classification 
to be used in reporting leaf-tobacco 
stocks. Funds in the amount of $30,000 
are carried in the first deficiency act for 
administering the tobacco stocks and 
standards act until June 30, 1930. Later 
expansion of the activities of the new to- 
bacco section of the bureau to include a 
rather broad program of statistical and 
economic research is contemplated. 

The new section will be in charge of 
Charles E. Gage, who for several years 
has been tobacco statistician of the divi- 
sion of crop and livestock estimates and 
chairman of the Outlook committee on 
tobacco, Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics. F. B. Wilkinson, associate mar- 
keting specialist of the bureau, will be 
transferred immediately to the new divi- 
sion from the warehouse division, where 
for several years he has been engaged in 
the formulation of grades of tobacco for 
use under the United States warehouse 

The Agricultural appropriation act for 
the next fiscal year makes available 
$20,000 for inspection work on tobacco 
similar to that now done on fruits and 
vegetables, hay, butter, eggs, meat, etc. 
Plans for the development of the tobacco 
inspection service have not yet been made, 
but in all probability this work will be 
developed in cooperation with State agen- 
cies as far as is practicable. 

As soon as the tobacco-inspection work 
can be started, J. V. Morrow, associate 
marketing specialist, who has been asso- 
ciated with Mr. Wilkinson in the tobacco 
standardization work in the warehouse 
division, will be transferred to the new 

In the first quarterly report required 
by the new act, dealers and manufac- 
turers will be asked to report their April 
1 stocks of tobacco by types only. As a 
result of hearings held on March 2 and 9 
in the bureau, at which representatives 

(Continued on page 11) 



(Statement Prepared by W. A. JUMP, Budget Officer, and E. H. BRADLEY, Administrative Assistant, Office of 

Personnel and Business Administration) 

With the approval by the President February 16 of the agriculture 
appropriation act for 1930, and approval on March 4 of the first and 
second deficiency acts, funds totaling $157,455,030 were made available 
for the work of the Department ot Agriculture, for all purposes, in 
the fiscal vear 1930. which begins July 1, 1929. This amount includes 
$82,000,00*0 for Federal-aid and forest road construction and approxi- 
mately $12,000,000 for payments to the States for the agricultural 
experiment stations and for extension work. Principally on account 
of special 1929 appropriations carried in the second deficiency act, 
including $7,200,000 for seed loans and for fighting forest fires, and 
$3,654,000 included in the War Department appropriation act, 1930, 
for special road and bridge construction for 1929 and subsequent years, 
there is a reduction shown of $11,052,573 in the total appropriation for 
1930, as compared with 1929. Omitting these three special items, 
however, as well as road funds, the total available for all other 
purposes is $75,455,030. This is a net increase of $3,998,720 above 
appropriations for the same purposes for the current fiscal year. 
Sources from which funds are provided for 1929 and 1930 are shown 
in Table I, as follows : 

TABLE I.— Appropriations for 1929 and 1930 (as of March 5, 1929) 

1. For general purposes: 

Annual agricultural appropriation 

Keappropriations in annual acts. . . 

Second deficiency act, 1928 

First deficiency act, 1929 

Second deficiency act, 1929 

"Permanent, special, and indefin- 
ite appropriations"- 

Total, for general purposes 

2. Special items: 

Second deficiency act, 1929 — 

Seed, feed, and fertilizer loans- 
Forest fires, 1929 

Total, for special items 

3. Eoad funds: 

Annual agricultural appropriation 

acts : 

Second deficiency act, 1928 

War Department appropriation 
act, 1930 

Total, road funds 

Total, all purposes 

tion, 1929 


$55, 441, 499. 88 $C2, 511, 554 
361, 776. 00 1, 435, 040 



2, 472, 598. 00 460, 000 

11, 033, 436. 00 11, 048, 436 

Increase (+) 

decrease (— ) 

+$7, 070, 054. 12 

+1, 073, 264. 00 

-2, 074, 500. 00 

-72, 500. 00 

—2, 012, 598. 00 

+15, 000. 00 

71, 456. 309. 88 75, 455, 030j 1+3,998, 720. 12 

1, 200, 000. 00 . 

-6, 000. 000. 00 

7, 200, 000. 00 -7, 200, 000. 00 

83,697.294.00 82,000,000 
2, 500, 000. 00J ( 3 ) 


9,851,294.00 82,000,000 



-7, 851, 294. 00 

168, 507, 603. 88 157, 455, 030-11, 052, 573. 88 

1 Plus indefinite unexpended balances of 1929 appropriations for Bear River 
migratorv-bird refuge and for preventing spread of pink bollworm, continued 
available for 1930. 

2 Appropriation continued available for 1930. 

3 Indefinite balance of 1929 appropriation of $2,500,000 for Mount Vernon Memorial 
Highway continued available for 1930. 

Increases for Research Work 

In the 1930 appropriation act Congress has continued the policy of 
expanding and strengthening the work of scientific research so as to 
enable the department to render greater service in this respect to 
farmers in every section of the country. Last year Congress in- 
creased the funds for research by items totaling $1,800,000 for the 
work of the department and $480,000 additional as payments to the 
States under the Purnell Act for the State experiment stations. These 
increases brought the estimated expenditures this year for research 
in the department up to approximately $13,000,000, and the payments 
to ttie States for research to $3,840,000. In the 1930 act about 
$1,500,000 additional is provided for research in the department and 
$495,000 for the State experiment stations and the Hawaii station. 

Among the larger increases for research are a new item of $160,000 
for investigations by the department of the causes and means of pre- 
vention of destructive soil erosion and the conservation of rainfall 
by terracing and other means ; $300,000 for intensive entomological 
and plant-breeding work to meet the serious situation arising out of 
the prevalence of leaf hoppers and resultant curly-top disease of 
sugar beets and other important truck crops ; $160,000 for forestry 
research projects (principally for items under the MeNary-McSweeney 
Forestry Research Act) ; $801000 for investigational work in the Bureau 
of Animal Industry, including $38,000 for studying contagious abortion 
of cattle : $97,000 for the research proiects of the Bureau of Dairy 
Industry; $325,000 for investigations of the Bureau of Plant Industry, 
and $85,000 additional for eradication work under that bureau on 
the phony disease of the peach in the South ; $100,000 for projects 
of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, exclusive of the $160,000 erosion 
item previously listed, which is to be handled by the Bureau of Chem- 
istry and Soils and several other bureaus ; $108,000 for insect research 
by the Bureau of Entomology, including $40,000 adidtional for corn- 
borer research ; $45,000 for the investigational work of the Bureau of 
Agricultural Economics ; $27,000 for agricultural engineering research 
projects under the Bureau of Public Roads ; $20,000 for investigations 

by the Bureau of Home Economics ; and an increase of $60,000 for 
the special research program which the department is conducting to 
find ways and means to meet the situation in farming arising out of 
the infestation in this countrv of the European corn borer. This 
makes a total fund of $210.00'0 for 1930 for the special corn-borer 
program, which involves work along engineering, cultural, economic, 
and other lines as distinguished from the research and control work 
relating to the corn borer itself as an insect. There is also an increase 
of $100,000 in the appropriation for printing lor the department, 
which at present is badly congested. 

The itemization of the increases for research work, as well as other 
work of the department, is shown in detail in Table IV, List of 
Increases and Decreases. 

Funds for Extension Work 

The appropriation act carries an increase of $500,000 for coop- 
erative extension work as authorized by the Capper-Ketch am Act 
passed by the first session of the Seventieth Congress last year. This 
will make the total of Federal funds for extension work for 1930 
approximately $9,000,000. 

Tuberculosis Eradication 

The appropriation contained in the act for tuberculosis eradication 
is $6,361,000. which is an increase of approximately $550,000 over 
the present appropriation. Maximum indemnity rates for the share 
of the Federal Government are increased from $25 indemnity to 
farmers for grade and $50 for purebred animals, to $35 for grade 
and $70 for purebreds. these new rates taking effect immediately 
upon passage of the 1930 act. 

Market News Service 
Increases totaling $176,000 are provided for extension of the leased- 
wire market news service of the Bureau of Agriculture Economics to 
additional points and for further development of the existing service 
at other places. These are set forth in detail in Table IV, List of 
Increases and Decreases. 

Plant Quarantine 

Under the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration increases 
totaling $170,000 are provided for the control and prevention of 
spread of certain plant diseases and insect pests, including the 
Mexican fruit worm, the European corn borer, and others. 

Weather Forecasts for Commercial Airways 

An increase of $466,000 is provided to enable the Weather Bureau 
to comply with recommendations of the Department of Commerce as 
to increased meteorological service which is required on the airways 
designated by that department under the air commerce act. With 
this increase' the total 1930 appropriation of the Weather Bureau for 
aerology will be $800,000. 

Migratory-Bird Conservation Act 

Under the new migratory-bird sanctuary act an initial appropria- 
tion of $S0.O0O is provided for 1930, which will be used by the Migra- 
tory Bird Conservation Commission and the Biological Survey for a 
preliminary survey of areas to be considered for acquisition as invio- 
late sanctuaries in future years under the terms of the act and for 
initial steps in connection with the acquisition of lands. 

Welch Act Funds 

The total estimated cost of salary adjustments under the Welch 
Act was $2,527,697. Funds totaling "$2,342,549 are distributed among 
the various appropriations to cover, in part, for 1930. the cost of 
these adjustments. The difference between this amount and the 
actual cost of the salary adjustments is to be absorbed by certain 

Tables II. Ill, and IV. which follow, show, respectively, for the 
several bureaus and offices the appropriations made up to March 5, 
for 1929 and 1930. the total sums involved in increases and decreases 
for 1930. and a detailed list of increases and decreases. 

TABLE II. — Summary, by Bureaus and Offices, Comparing Appropriations 
Provided for the Fiscal Year 1930 with Funds for 1929 (as of March 
5, 1929) 

Bureau or office 

Office of the Secretary 

Office of Information 

Library .._ 

Office of Experiment Stations 

Extension Service 

Weather Bureau 

Bureau of Animal Industry 

Bureau of Dairy Industry. 

Bureau of Plant Industry. 

tions. 1929 



$1, 208, 795. 88 

1, 142, 729. 00 

95, 0S0. 00 

4, 246, 904. 00 




546, 900. 00 

» 4, 632, 933. 00 

Appropriations, 1930 



$1. 180, 390 

1, 242, 000 


4, 737. 000 

1 9, 354, 936 

3, 503, 400 

15, 602, 870 


4. 665, 343 

Increase or 

-$28, 405. 88 
+99, 271. 00 
+6. 320. 00 
+490. 096. 00 
+523, 275. 00 
+102, 900. 00 


Bureau or office 

Forest Service (exclusive of forest roads, 
1929 deficiency item for forest fires, 

and receipt funds) 

Forest Service receipt funds 

Bureau of Chemistry and Soils 

Bureau of Entomology 

Bureau of Biological Survey 

Bureau of Public Roads (exclusive of 

Federal-aid roads) 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics 

Bureau of Home Economics 

Plant Quarantine and Control Adminis- 

Grain Futures Administration 

Food, Drug, and Insecticide Adminis- 


Total, exclusive of special items 
and road funds 

Special items: 

Fighting forest fires 

Seed, feed, and fertilizer loans 

Total, special items 

Road funds: 

Forest roads and trails. 

Federal-aid roads 

Special road and bridge construction 
in flood areas (New Hampshire, 
Vermont, and Kentucky) 

Special road and bridge construc- 
tion in flood areas (Missouri, 
Mississippi, Louisiana, and Ar- 

Mount Vernon Memorial Highway. 

Total, road funds 

Total for all purposes 

tions, 1929 

$12, 532, 908. 00 

3, 430, 500. 00 

1, 385, 874. 00 

6 2, 068, 446. 00 

8 1, 213, 398. 00 

464, 708. 00 

5, 993. 379. 00 

148, 037. 00 

"> 3, 191, 810. 00 
135, 000. 00 

1, 550, 468. 00 
" 377, 280. 00 

16 71,456,309.88 

1, 200, 000. 00 
" 6, 000, 000. 00 

7. 200.01111. (JO 

Appropriations, 1930 


$13, 024, 280 
3, 445, 500 
1, 655, 075 

7 2, 185, 790 

8 1, 509, 166 

495, 400 

6, 312, 660 

167, 500 

« 3, 110, 620 
13 140, 000 

1, 537, 300 
» 634, 000 

75, 455, 030 

7, 500, 000. 00 
71, 000, 000. 00 

5, 197, 294. 00 

1 3,654.000.00 
2, 500, 000. 00 

9. 851, 294. 00 

168, 507, 603. 88 

8, 000, 000 
74, 000, 000 


82, 000, 000 

157, 455, 030 

Increase or 

+S491, 372. 00 

+15, 000. 00 

+269, 201. 00 

+117, 344. 00 

' +295, 768. 00 

+30, 692. 00 
+319, 281. 00 
+19, 463. 00 

12 —81, 190. 00 
+5, 000. 00 

-13, 168. 00 
+256, 720. 00 

+3, 998, 720. 12 

1, 200, 000. 00 
-6, 000, 000. 00 

-7, 200, 000. 00 

+500, 000. 00 
+3, 000, 000. 00 

-5, 197, 294. 00 

-3, 654, 000. 00 
-2, 500, 000. 00 



i Includes $22,936 provided by act of May 16, 1928, for extending benefits of Smith- 
Lever agricultural extension work to Hawaii. 
3 Including $5,000. unexpended balance, 1928, reappropriated for 1930. 
'Including $161,700, unexpended balances, 1927, reappropriated for 1929. 

I Including $369,800, unexpended balances, 1928, reappropriated for 1930. 

5 Including $35,076, unexpended balances, 1927, reappropriated for 1929; but ex- 
clusive of $5,128.68, balance of appropriation provided by first deficiency act (1928) 
for mushroom diseases, available for 1929. 

6 Including $3,000, unexpended balance, 1927, reappropriated for 1929; but exclusive 
of $6,000, balance of appropriation provided by first deficiency act( 1928) for mush- 
room insects, available for 1929. 

7 Includes $303,120, unexpended balance of $5,000,000 appropriation provided by 
second deficiency act (1928) for establishing and enforcing noncotton zones, reappro- 
priated for 1930. 

8 Including $12,000, unexpended balance, 1927, reappropriated for 1929; but ex- 
clusive of $146,144.71, unexpended balance of continuing appropriation for upper 
Mississippi River wild-life refuge, and $199,947.39, unexpended balance of $200,000 
appropriation provided by second deficiency act (1928) for Bear River migratory- 
bird refuge, available for 1929. 

9 Plus indefinite unexpended balance of 1929 appropriation for Bear River migra- 
tory-bird refuge, reappropriated for 1930. 

10 Exclusive of $103,522.78, unexpended balance of appropriation provided by act of 
March 7, 1928, for preventing spread of pink bollworm, and $12,613.19, unexpended 
balance of appropriation provided by first deficiency act (1928) for preventing spread 
of Parlatoria date scale, available for 1929. 

II Includes reappropriation for 1930 of $397,120 from unexpended balance of $5,000,000 
provided by second deficiency act (1928) for establishing and enforcing noncotton 
zones, $50,000 from unexpended balance of $10,000,000 appropriation provided by 
act of Feb. 23, 1927, for eradication or control of European corn borer, to be imme- 
diately available, and $30,000 from unexpended balance of appropriation provided 
by first deficiency act (1928) for preventing spread of Mexican fruit worm; to which 
should be added an indefinite balance of 1929 funds for pink bollworm control 
remaining unexpended on June 30, 1929. 

" Plus indefinite unexpended balance of 1929 funds for preventing spread of pink 
bollworm, reappropriated for 1930. 

" Including $30,000, unexpended balance, 1928, reappropriated for 1930. 

» Includes $150,000 reappropriated for special corn-borer research from unex- 
ended balance of $10,000,000 appropriation provided by act of February 23, 1927, 
Por eradication or control of European corn borer; also $54,000 for livestock produc- 
tion investigations, South; $60,000 for dairying and livestock production investi- 
gations, West; $15,000 for collection of seed-grain loans; $25,000 for South Carolina 
experiment station; $10,000 for expenses of United States participation in Inter- 
national Dairy Congress; $38,280 lor barley disease investigations, including feeding 
experiments with diseased barley grain; and $25,000 for an exhibit at the Fourth 
World's Poultry Congress. Does not include $14,458, unexpended balance of ap- 
propriation provided by first deficiency act (1928) for South Carolina station, avail- 
able for 1929. 

16 Includes $250,000 reappropriated for special corn-borer research; also $9,440 
(plus $560, Welch Act adjustments) for collection of seed-grain loans; $42,660 (plus 
$840, Welch Act) for livestock production investigations, South; $59,800 (plus $700, 
Welch Act) for dairying and livestock production investigations, West; $40,000 
for South Carolina station; and $230,000 for special leafhopper research. 

19 Exclusive of $5,000,000 appropriation provided by second deficiency act (1928) 
and available for 1929, for payment of losses due to enforced nonproduction of cot- 
ton in prohibited zones proposed to be established as a means of pink bollworm 
control; zones not established for cotton-growing season of 1928, and it is not ex- 
pected that such zones will be established for season of 1929. Includes, in addition 
to supplemental items for 1929, $228,780 provided by second deficiency act (1929) 
and made available for both fiscal years 1929 and 1930. 

17 Provided by second deficiency act (1929) for both fiscal years 1929 and 1930. 

18 Warranted by Treasury Department from War Department appropriation 
act, 1930, immediately available in 1929 and to continue available until expended. 

" Indefinite balance from $2,500,000 appropriation provided for 1929 by second 
deficiency act (1928) for Mount Vernon Memorial Highway (estimated at $2,000,000) , 
to be continued available during 1930. 

TABLE III. — Summary, by Bureaus and Offices, of Increases and Decreases 
for 1930 (as of March 5, 1929) 

Bureau or office 



Net change 

Office of the Secretary 

$15, 251. 00 
105, 088. 00 
6, 320. 00 
516, 916. 00 
527, 500. 06 
576, 055. 00 
711, 142. 00 
103, 550. 00 
450, 231. 00 

622, 937. 00 
280, 501. 00 
141, 924. 00 
334, 692. 00 

30, 750. 00 
363, 211. 00 

19, 484. 00 

183, 750. 00 
9, 840. 00 

42, 329. 00 
347, 100. 00 

$43, 656. 88 
5, 817. 00 

Office of Information 

+99, 271. 00 
+6, 320. 00 
+490, 096. 00 
+126, 225. 00 
+523, 275. 00 
+621, 146. 00 
+102, 900. 00 
+332, 410. 00 

+506, 372. 00 
+269, 201. 00 
+295, 768. 00 

+30, 692. 00 
+319, 281. 00 

+19, 403. 00 

81 190 00 


Office of Experiment Stations. 

26, 820. 00 

401, 275. 00 

52, 780. 00 

89, 996. 00 

650. 00 


11, 300. 00 
24, 580. 00 
38, 924. 00 

43, 930. 00 


264, 940. 00 
4, 840. 00 

55, 497. 00 
90,380 00 

Extension Service 

Weather Bureau . . . 

Bureau of Animal Industry. 

Bureau of Dairy Industry. . . 

Bureau of Plant Industry 

Forest Service (exclusive of forest roads 

and forest-fire deficiency for 1929) 

Bureau of Chemistry and Soils 

Bureau of Entomology 

Bureau of Biological Survey 

Bureau of Public Roads. . 

Bureau of Agricultural Economics 

Bureau of Home Economies 
Plant Quarantine and Control Admin- 

Grain Futures Administration 

+5, 000. 00 
13 168 00 

Food, Drug, and Insecticide Adminis- 


4-9.0K 790 OH 

Total, exclusive of special items 
and road funds 

5, 388, 571. 00 

1, 389, 850. 88 
' 7,200,000.00 
11, 851, 294. 00 

+3 998 720 12 

Special items.. 

-7, 851, 294. 00 

Road funds 

3, 500, 000. 00 

Total increases and decreases, all 

8, 868, 571. 00 

19, 941, 144. 88 


i Includes $1,200,000 for forest fires, 1929, and not yet offset by similar appropria- 
tion for 1930; and $6,000,000 for seed, feed, and fertilizer loans, 1929 and 1930. 

TABLE IV. — Increases and Decreases 

A complete list of increases and decreases under the various bureaus, 
by projects, is given below. 

Bureau and item 




Salaries (2 additional clerical employees) 

$3, 051. 00 

Mechanical shops and power plant (cost of 1929 
Welch Act adjustments over allowance for 1930) 

$12, 980. 00 

Miscellaneous expenses — 

Expenses of examining estimates of appro- 
priations in the field 

7, 500. 00 

Reduction in general funds ... 

1, 300 00 

Rent of buildings in District of Columbia — 

Increased rental for Fixed Nitrogen Research 
Laboratory building , 

6, 000. 00 

Elimination of 1928 immediately available 
fund for rental of Bieber Building. 

30, 676. 88 

Total, increases and decreases, Office of 

15, 251. 00 

43, 658, 88 

Net change... 

28,405 88 


Salaries and expenses — 

Reduction in general funds 

5, 817. 00 

Welch Act differential 

5, 088. 00 

10, 000. 00 
90, 000. 00 

Printing and binding — 

Printing blank and stenographic notebooks at 
Government Printing Office 

To provide for urgent printing needs of de- 
partment _. . 

Total, increases and decreases, Office of In- 

105, 088. 00 

5, 817. 00 

Net change.. 

99, 271. 00 


Salaries and expenses — 

Library equipment 

1, 120. 00 

5, 000. 00 
200. 00 

Purchase of periodicals, for abstracting for 
Union of American Biological Societies.. .. 

6, 320. 00 


Payments to State agricultural experiment sta- 
tions — 
Increase authorized by Purnell Act 

480, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 

5, 320. 00 

Extending benefits of Hatch, Adams, and 
Purnell Acts to Hawaii, as provided by act 
of Mav 16, 1928 

General administration — 

Additional expenses due to increase in Purnell 
Act and other station funds 

Cooperation with Union of American Biologi- 
cal Societies in exchange of material ab- 
stracted from literature on biological sub- 

2, 100. 00 


Bureau and item 

Hawaii experiment station— 

Reduction on account of taking over of exten- 
sion work by University of Hawau under 

act of May 16, 1928.-- — 

Reduction in general station funds 



}uam experiment station (.salary auu »i»»<» «* 0Q 

an extension agent) .——,—; j"«V" 

Virgin Islands experiment station (salary and ex- 
pluses of veterinarian-animal husbandman;. 

Porto Rico and Virgin Islands stations (repair of 
damage to station property by hurricane pro- 
vided bv first deficiency act, 1929, for fiscal year 

Weleb Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Office of Experi- 
ment Stations 


$10, 000. 00 
2, 220. 00 

Bureau and item 

1J. .Mm. 00 

516, 916. 00 

Net ehange. 


Cooperative agricultural extension work (increase 

authorized by Capper-Ketcham Act of May 22, 

1928, for States and Territory of Hawaii) 

General administrative expenses., 

Farmers' cooperative demonstrations 

Agricultural exhibits at State and interstate fairs.. 
Farm forestrv extension under Clarke-Mc:\ary 

Act (cooperation with additional States) - 

Extension work in flood-devasted farm areas 

(completion of special work) 

Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Extension Serv- 

Net change.. 

490, 096. 00 


26, 820. 00 

9, 560. 00 

13, 540. 00 

120. 00 
1, 155. 00 


General administrative expenses — 

Dairv research— . 

Extension of dairy herd-improvement work 

to new sections 

Dairv cattle breeding— 

Installation of milking machines at field 

experiment stations 

Increased facilities at dairy laboratory, 

Beltsville, Md .— 

Purchase of proved bulls in connection 

with dairy breeding investigations..—- 

Study of keeDing quality of fat in butter, milk 

powder, and other milk products.— ——.- 

Extending studies in the nutrition of dairy 

COWS -- - — r 

Extending factory studies of cheese manu- 
facture — -- — ■-.?--. 

Maintenance of dairy herd at Beltsville farm. 
Investigations in the utilization of dairy by- 
products -—t-c 

Estpblishment of a station at or near Lewisburg, 
Tenn for investigations and demonstrations 
of dairv problems and practices, pursuant to 

act of May 29, 1928 

Welch Act differential --- 



400, 000. 00 

527,500.00 401,275.00 


General administrative expenses — . 

In Washington expenses (marine meteorological 

Out of Washington expenses— , m 

Marine meteorological work, including $o,000 

for work on Pacific Ocean . — — — 

Operation of Swan Island station, for hurri- 
cane observations 

Forest-fire weather warning service.-- -- 

Instrumental and miscellaneous equipment 
and supplies, and travel expenses in in- 
specting cooperative stations ---- 

Horticultural protection (inauguration of a special- 
ized fruit-frost warning service in citrus sections 
of Southeastern States, provided by second 

deficiency act, 1929) ;-—--.- r;"' 

Aerology (extension of meteorological service 

contemplated by air commerce act of 1926) 

Porto Rico building (erection of Yv eather Bureau 
building at San Juan, Porto Rico, to replace 
one destroyed by hurricane, provided by second 

deficiency act, 1929) 

Welch Act differential 

10, 260. 00 

25, 000. 00 

3, 500. 00 
5, 000. 00 

11, 250. 00 

Total, increases and decreases, Weather Bureau. 

Net change. 

2 516, 580. 00 

2S0. 00 

Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of Dairy 
Industry --- -- 

Net change. 

i 7, 500. 00 

4, 465. 00 

i 45, 000. 00 

576, 055. 00 

52, 780. 00 

523, 275. 00 


General administrative expenses 

Inspection and quarantine 

Tuberculosis eradication- 
Operating expenses 


Eradication of cattle ticks 

Animal husbandry investigations— 

Furtherance of national poultry standard 
breeding plan, in cooperation with fetates.- 
Investigation of milk goats and Angora goats 
Improvement of faculties at Beltsville (Md.) 

farm . 

Completed construction items— 

Equipment, beef-cattle investigations, 

Beltsville farm r -vrirr-r,-," 

Abattoir, meat investigations, Beltsville 

farm r.- — r- - ,; - 

Repairs to water system, range livestock 
experiment station, Miles City, Mont.. 
Animal disease investigations— 

Miscellaneous pathological work on poultry 

Investigation and control "of bovine contagious 


Liver fluke investigations 

Hog-cholera eradication — jt—tj---- 

Dourine eradication (completion of eradication 

work on Indian reservations in Arizona) — . 

Enforcement of packers and stockyards act (re- 
duction due to economies) 

Meat inspection — 

Eradication of foot-and-mouth disease 

Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of Animal 
Industry — 

s 549, 870. 00 

15, 000. 00 
5, 000. 00 

10, 000. 00 


850. 00 

" 56a 66 

4, 685. 00 

38, 155. 00 

5, 280. 00 

20, 830. 00 
25, 000. 00 
30, 000. 00 

< 3, 440. 00 




100. 00 

89, 996. 00 

Net cbange. 

621. 146. 00 

I Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 
» $50,000 immediately available. 
> $257,000 immediately available. „„„,i„ki„ 

< IsTooO of total appropriation immediately available. 

$6, 500. 00 

10,000.00 I 





10, 000. 00 
7, 610. 00 

2, 500. 00 

50, 000. 00 
6, 240. 00 

103, 550. 00 

102, 900. 00 


General administrative expenses... ------------ 

Mycology and disease survey (mushroom disease 


Citrus canker eradication ?-"£" 

Forest pathology (investigation of European larch 

canker) 1",-~" 

White pine blister rust control — --- 

Cotton production and diseases (expansion of 
studies of cotton root rot and cotton wilt) — . 
Rubber fiber, and other tropical plants (abandon- 
ment of rubber work in Philippines and its cur- 
tailment in Panama and Haiti) 

Drug and related plants— — 

Nematology— - 

Seed laboratory 

Cereal crops and diseases— 

Breeding disease-resistant hard red spring 
wheats, in cooperation with Minnesota, 
North Dakota, South Dakota, and Mon- 

EnlargVng"" fundamental Investigations of 
virus diseases of cereals 

Investigating foot rot of wheat 

Tobacco investigations---- -— ■——r--- i ;c- 

Sugar plants (breeding and agronomic work with 
sugar beets, with a view to obtaining resistance 

to curly-top) 

Botany r -~- 

Dry inrugufat C ion , S^helterbelt and horticultural 
work in southern Great Plains area, author- 
ized by act of April 16, 1928 . — - 

Maintenance of horticultural experiment and 

demonstration station at Cheyenne, W yo. . 

Construction and repair of buildings at lu- 

cumcari (N. Mex.) field station, provided 

by second deficiency act, 1929 

Reduction in general funds 

Western irrigation agriculture 

Horticultural crops and diseases— 

Investigating the handling and transporta- 
tion of fruits and vegetables from Arizona 

and California — -- -- ---- 

Investigating the handling and transporta- 
tion of Eastern-grown apples in export ship- 
ments , — . V":"""' 

Investigating the transportation and storage 
of California table grapes, with a view to 

lengthening the consumption season ... 

Pecan cultural and disease investigations, in- 
cluding 815,000 for work at Shreveport (La.) 

s 5, 160. 00 

6 35, 000. 00 

9, 373. 00 

29, 920. 00 

3, 950. 00 

I 49, 348. 00 

35, 000. 00 


10, 000. 00 

15, 000. 00 


10. 000. 00 
85, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 
15, 000. 00 

7, 500. 00 
20, 000. 00 


$650. 00 





25, 453. 00 



s 50, 000. 00 

• 25, 000. 00 
SOS. 00 

Investigation of boron-resistant root stocks 

for citrus and other orchard fruits 

Eradication of phony disease of peaches 

Bulb disease investigations ~ 

Nut research in the Pacific Northwest.— — 
Investigation of perennial canker of fruits in 

the Wenatchee Valley..- 

Improvement of seed potatoes— ——-—-- 

Black walnut investigations in the Middle 

West, provided by second deficiency act, 

1929, for fiscal year 1930 - 

Arlington experiment farm - - 

Foreign plant introduction— 

Securing wilt-resistant varieties of alfalfa from 
Turkestan for testing in the Middle w est, 
provided by second deficiency act, 1929. 
i ir-tnnl increase of only $31.32 in working funds, as a balance of $5,128.68 from 
appfoprbtion provided by first deficiency act, 1928, for mushroom diseases, u 
available for expenditure in 1929. 



i» 10, 000. 00 

• Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 
io Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 


Bureau and item 

Foreign plant introduction— Continued. 

Completion of repairs to pipe irrigation sys- 
tem, Chico (Calif.) plant introduction 


Reduction in general funds . 

Forage crops and diseases — 

Investigation of bacterial wilt and related 
troubles of alfalfa in Mississippi Valley 

States - 

Investigating causes of alfalfa failure in lower 

Mississippi delta region 

Biophysical laboratory 

Welch Act differential 


Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of Plant 
Industry - 

Net change- 


$4, 980. 00 
10, 000. 00 

35, 000. 00 

450, 231. 00 


General administrative expenses 

Protection and administration of national forests — 

Employment of additional forest guards and 

purchase of equipment for forest-fire fighting 

Purchase of boat for Alaska forests 

Land classification .-- 

Sanitation and fire prevention (extension of sani- 
tary and protective facilities to additional 

national-forest camp grounds). - 

Equipment and supplies - 

Planting on national forests — 

Reconnaissance of forest resources 

Improvements on national forests — 

Construction of fire-protection improvements 
(principally lookout towers and observa- 
tories) . 

Construction and maintenance of range im- 
provements (grazing) 

Reduction on account of completion of dam 

at Cass Lake, Minn.. 

Silvical investigations — 

Research by Lake States Forest Experiment 
Station into methods of converting into 
fully productive forests the partially pro- 
ductive and nonproductive forest lands in 
the Lake States, and for general silvicultural 


Study of methods of turpentining in southern 

pine region - 

Range investigations (organization of range re- 
search of intermountain region on a regional 


Forest products— 

Study of lumber storage and handling prac- 

Investigating possibility of substituting a 
soda for a lime base in sulphite pulping to 
prevent stream pollution and increase the 

use of resinous woods for paper making 

Logging and milling studies in California 

and southern pine region 7 — 

Investigation of paper making from pine 

wood .* T"j""j"" 

Forest survey (securing data as to annual dram 
on forests by cutting and losses by fire, diseases, 
and insects, present and potential growth, and 

volume of virgin stands and second growth) 

Forest economics (study of factors of successful 
forestry in United States, with first attention 

to the southern pine region) - 

Forest fire cooperation — 

Increased Federal allotments to States 
cooperating in preventing and suppressing 
fires on State and privately-owned timber- 
lands, under Clarke-McNary Act 

Study of question of insurance of standing 
timber against losses by fire and other 

332, 410. 00 

causes - ----.- ---,-■ 

Cooperative distribution of forest planting stock 
(to provide Federal allotments to 4 additional 
cooperating States, under Clarke-McNary Act). 
Forest Service special receipt funds- 
Payments to States and Territories for benefit 

of county roads and schools .-----■ 

C ooperati ve work (contributions from private 

sources for various forest purposes) 

Welch Act differential - 

Total, increases and decreases, Forest Service 
(exclusive of forest roads and trails, and forest- 
fire deficiency appropriation for 1929).. 

Net change _. 


Agricultural chemistry investigations (study of 
honey composition, deterioration problems, 
utilization, and other problems connected with 

honey production and use) -■ 

Utilization of agricultural waste for coloring and 

other purposes — 

Sirup and sugar investigations 

Insecticide and fungicide investigations— . 
Extending studies of chemical and physical 
properties of insecticides and fungicides 
used in control of fungous and insect pests 
of plants, to develop improved insecticides 
and fungicides, and devise methods of 
removing spray residues from fruits and 

59, 714. 00 
16, 000. 00 

10, 000. 00 

10, 088. 00 
55, 000. 00 

29, 593. 00 

14, 320. 00 


15, 000. 00 
7, 404. 00 
10, 000. 00 

40, 000. 00 
25, 000. 00 

184, 098. 00 
5, 000. 00 
7, 520. 00 

115, 000. 00 

3, 200. 00 

622, 937. 00 

506, 372. 00 

7, 500. 00 

$3, 400. 00 

1, 632. 00 

117, 821. 00 

2, 157. 00 

Bureau and item 


2, 220. 00 

9, 000. 00 

Insecticide and fungicide investigations— Con. 
Development of new and improved insecti- 
cides for control of codling moth, with 
special reference to fruit-growing regions of 

Pacific Northwest 

Dust explosions and farm fires — 

Extension of work to include general indus- 
trial plants and chemical engineering indus- 
tries, and for equipping a small testing 

plant at Arlington farm -. 

Reduction in funds for investigating cause 

and prevention of farm fires — 

Naval stores research (investigations looking to 
better adaptation to present uses and develop- 
ment of new uses for naval stores, and investiga- 
tion of improved equipment and processes for 

naval stores manufacture). 

Soil chemistry (expansion of soil chemical investi- 

Soil physics... 

Fertilizer investigations — 

Procuring X-ray equipment necessary for 
study of molecular structures of catalysts 

employed in nitrogen fixation 

Cooperation with Department of Commerce 
in the development of improved methods of 
recovering potash from deposits in United 
States, provided by second deficiency act, 

1929.. - - - 

Soil survey (expanding detailed and reconnais- 
sance soil surveys, to meet cooperation offered 

by States) v v 

Soil erosion investigations (new item for study by 
several bureaus of the department of causes and 
means of prevention of destructive soil erosion, 
and conservation of rainfall by terracing or 

otherwise) --- 

Soil bacteriology -- • 

Soil fertility- 
Soil fertility and fertilizer studies on straw- 
berries in Southern States 

Study of soil fertility and use of fertilizers in 
relation to control of cotton-root rot in 
Texas and other Southwestern States, in 
cooperation with Bureau of Plant Industry 
Study of composition and conservation of the 
humus of the soil and the chemistry of green 
manuring as affecting the maintenance of 

soil fertility — 

Welch Act differential 



$25, 000. 00 

4, 512. 00 

16, 160. 00 
1, 820. 00 

1, 480. 00 

11 8, 000. 00 

3, 635. 00 

" 160, 000. 00 

$10, 000. 00 

Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of 
Chemistry and Soils — 

Net change. 

4, 800. 00 

13, 000. 00 

5, 014. 00 
19, 580. 00 

280, 601. 00 

269, 201. 00 

$100, 000. 00 

116, 565. 00 

3, 982. 00 

15, 000. 00 

3, 000. 00 

4, 160. 00 
7, 500. 00 

10, 000. 00 


5, 000. 00 

» 18, 000. 00 

5, 000. 00 
is 6, 000. 00 

10, 000. 00 


180. 00 

11, 300. 00 

5, 000. 00 

" 6, 000. 00 


General administrative expenses (for additional 
personnel in connection with editorial and infor- 
mational work) 

Deciduous-fruit insects — 

Importation and establishment of parasites of 

oriental fruit moth) — 

Study of methods of disinfecting imported 
and domestic nursery stock and other plant 
products to facilitate insect quarantine 

operations --- 

Elimination of 1929 increase for spraying blue- 
berries in Maine by airplane for maggot 


Subtropical plant insects- 
Beginning investigation of hydrocyanic acid 
gas fumigation as a means of controlling 
scale pests of citrus and other fruits in 

southern California 

Investigation of bulb insects in the East 

Importation and colonization of parasites of 
white fly and black fly affecting citrus 
fruits, in cooperation with Republic of 
Cuba, provided by second deficiency act, 

1929 — 

Truck-crop insects— . 

Investigating strawberry aphis, responsible 
for heavy losses to growers in Southern 

Importation from Mexico and establishment 
of parasites of Mexican bean beetle... 

Expansion of work on sugar-beet leaf hopper 
in several of the irrigated sections of the 
intermountain region ----- 

Development of methods of control of wire- 
worms affecting miscellaneous truck crops 
in Idaho - -. ----- 

Continuation of special investigations of in- 
sect pests of mushrooms 

Forest insects— . . 

Expansion of studies looking to control of 
western pine barkbeetle and other forest 

Reduction in general funds $1,360.00 

» The second deficiency act, 1929, provides $17,000 for this work during the fiscal 
year 1929 and $25,000 for 1930, or an increase of $8,000, for 1930. 

" $40,000 immediately available. 

" Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 

i« See also item for "Special leaf hopper research," under Miscellaneous. 

" Actually no increase in working funds, as a $6,000 balance from the appropria- 
tion provided by the first deficiency act, 1928, for investigating insect pests of mush- 
rooms, remained available for 1929. 



Bureau and item 

Cereal and forage insects — 

Investigation of leaf hoppers and other insects 
involved in transmission of diseases of al- 
falfa, clover, and other forage legumes, in 
cooperation with Bureau of Plant Industry. 
Investigation of cricket in northwestern Colo- 

Cotton insects — 

To devise methods of disposing of waste from 
cotton gins and oil mills as a means for pre- 
venting spread of pink bollworm and Thur- 

beria weevil 

Importation and establishment of parasites of 

pink bollworm 

Insects affecting man and animals — 

Investigation of buzz or eye gnats in Califor- 
nia and Gulf States, provided by second 

deficiency act, 1929 

Reduction in general funds 

Stored-product insects (investigation of insect 
' pects "affecting flour, principally to meet emer- 
gency which has developed as result of stringent 

requirements of foreign importers of flour) 

Taxonomy and interrelations of insects (taxa- 
nomic studies of injurious tree-killing bark- 
beetles and weevils injurious to plants and plant 


Bee culture 

Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of En- 
tomology - 

Net change. 


Maintenance of mammal and bird reservations — 
Surfacing of highway through Sullys Hill 
National Park, provided by second defi- 
ciency act, 1929 

Warden service on bird reservations now 

receiving inadequate or no protection 

Completed construction items — 

Dam across Cold Springs Creek, Wind 

Cave Game Preserve, S. Dak 

Warden 's quarters on Elk Refuge, Wyo.. 
Economic investigations (predatory-animal con- 
trol work in Alaska) 

Production and conservation of fur-bearing 

animals --. 

Biological investigations (study of relation of wild 

animals to forest growth) 

Protection of migratory birds (clerical assistance 
in analyzing and recording accumulated data 

in connection with duck census work) 

Reindeer, game, and fur bearers in Alaska 

Upper Mississippi River wild-life refuge — 

Administrative expenses 

Land purchases 

Bear River migratory-bird refuge 

Administration of migratory-bird conservation 
act of Feb. IS, 1929— 
Survey of areas of land and water for pre- 
serves, preliminary to acquisition 

Expenses of Migratory Bird Conservation 


Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and 
Biological Survey 

Net change- 

decreases, Bureau of 


Road building and maintenance 

Agricultural engineering — 

Study of water requirements of crop plants 

in Arizona and Utah 

Enlarging study of engineering phases of soil 


Investigating possibility of reducing labor 
requirements in growing sugar beets 
through substitution of improved machin- 
ery for hand labor... 

Studies of possibility of lowering cost of cotton 

production in South Atlantic and Gulf 

States through use of improved machinery. 

Study of drainage methods on sugar-cane 

lands in southern Louisiana... 

Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of Public 
Roads (exclusive of Federal-aid roads) 

Net change. 


« 8, 000. 00 

6, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 

17, 000. 00 

13, 282. 00 

141, 924. 00 

117, 344. 00 

6, 538. 00 


i' $12, 000. 00 
100. 00 


24, 580. 00 

" 5, 000. 00 

5, 000. 00 

7, 957. 00 
1, 500. 00 

» 149, 000. 00 
J« 74, 427. 00 

H 75, 000. 00 

« 5, 000. 00 
11, 270. 00 

334, 692. 00 

295, 768. 00 

2, 150. 00 



10, 000. 00 
3, 600. 00 

30, 750. 00 

30, 692. 00 

30, 000. 00 
1, 400. 00 


2, 213. 00 

38, 924. 00 


Bureau and item 


General administrative expenses 

Farm management and practice (study of rural 

credit and taxation problems) 

Marketing and distributing farm products (pre- 
liminary survey of problems connected with 
the marketing of cotton from irrigated sections 

of the Southwest) 

Crop and livestock estimates (organization of 
truck-crop statistical work on an adequate 


Foreign competition and demand (opening office 
at Marseilles, France, to establish marketing 
contacts with Mediterranean region and with 

Egyptian and eastern points) 

Market inspection of farm products- 
Extension of hay Inspection service, and 
additional supervision required in connec- 
tion with seed-verification service 

Inauguration of a market inspection service 

on tobacco 

Market-news service — 

Slight expansion of market-news service on 
livestock and meats at Buffalo, Indian- 
apolis, Cincinnati, Cleveland, and Pitts- 
burgh: expansion of reports on locally 
dressed meats at New York and San Fran- 
cisco; and extension of leased-wire service 

from San Francisco to Portland, Oreg 

Establishment of permanent branch offices at 
Cleveland and Detroit in connection with 
leased-wire service on fruits and vegetables- 
Inauguration of- daily reports on eggs and 
dressed poultry at New York and San 
Francisco, and for placing a representative 
in Pacific Northwest to furnish market in- 
formation on poultry and eggs 

Opening office in Texas to furnish market 
information on grain, hay, feed, and seed; 
placing specialist at Portland, Oreg., in 
connection with expansion of news service 
on grain; employment of additional part- 
time reporters to furnish market informa- 
tion from points where regular offices are 
not maintained; and placing additional 
employees at San Francisco in connection 
with the grain, hay, feed, and seed service 

in the Pacific coast areas 

Extension of leased-wire service from Mont- 
gomery, Ala., to New Orleans, La.;from Salt 
Lake City to Boise to Spokane; from Port 
land, Oreg., to Seattle; and from Atlanta to 


Extension of leased-wire service to Jackson, 


Cooperative marketing (employment of 1 econo- 
mist for research in the cooperative marketing 
of fruits and vegetables, and 1 to study coopera- 
tive marketing of cotton; also to provide for ad- 
ditional expenses for advisory work contem- 
plated by the cooperative marketing act) 

Cotton statistics 

Tobacco statistics (to carry out act of Jan. 14, 
1929, authorizing collection and publication 
quarterly of statistics of quantity of leaf tobacco 
in United States other than that held by origi- 
nal growers, provided by second deficiency act, 


Enforcement of cotton futures and cotton stand- 
ards acts 

Enforcement of grain standards act (to meet in- 
creased demands for Federal appeal certificates 
of inspection, and to strengthen supervisory 
work necessary for proper administration of 

grain standards act) 

Administration of warehouse act (employment of 
1 additional inspector in connection with ware- 
housing of canned foods) 

Enforcement of standard container, hamper, and 
produce agency acts (additional travel necessary 

for effective enforcement of these laws) 

Completion of wool work of War Industries 


Operation of Center Market 

Welch Act differential 


Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of Agri- 
cultural Economics 

Net change.. — 


•• Immediately available. 

" Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 

" Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 

" Actual increase in working funds, $2,855.29, since $146,144.71 of continuing 
appropriation for this refuge remained available for 1929. 

M An apparent decrease of $125,520.39, considering the fact that there remained 
available for 1929 an unexpended balance of $199,947.39 from the $200,000 appro- 
priation provided by second deficiency act, 1928, for Bear River Refuge. The 
agricultural act reappropriates, in addition, for 1930, however, an indefinite balance 
of the appropriation fur this refuge remaining unexpended on June 30, 1929. 

81 Provided by second deficiency act, 1929, for fiscal year 1930. 


General administrative expenses 

Home economics research — 

Employment of additional specialists in con- 
nection with studies on food utilization 

Studies of the properties of wool used for cloth- 

Revision of Department Bulletin No. 28, the 
Chemical Composition of American Food 


Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Bureau of Home 

Net change 

$13. 770. 00 

8, 967. 00 
49, 820. 00 

9, 940. 00 

9, 999. 00 
' 20,000.00 

24, 400. 00 

15, 240. 00 

17, 718. 00 

71, 860. 00 
5, 400. 00 

12, 260. 00 

17, 170. 00 

4, 030. 00 


40. 653. 00 

363, 211. 00 

319, 281. 00 

6, 000. 00 

10, 000. 00 

19, 484. 00 

19, 463. 00 


$1, 100. 00 


» 30, 000. 00 

« 0, 250. 00 

43, 930. 00 



" Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 

" Including $60,000 provided by first deficiency act, 1929, the total amount for 
operation of Center Market during 1929 is $156,250, as compared with $150,000 pro- 
vided for 1930. 

Bureau and item 

General administrative expenses 

Enforcement of foreign plant quarantine (for 
strengthening inspection work on Mexican bor- 
der to prevent further entry of Mexican fruit 
worm and pink bollworm of cotton into United 


Preventing spread of pink bollworm,. 

Preventing spread of date scale (cooperation with 
States of California and Arizona In eradication 

of Parlatoria date scale) 

Preventing spread of Thurberia weevil 

Preventing spread of moths — 

For eradication of outbreaks of gipsy moth oc- 
curring at several points in barrier zone es- 
tablished along boundary between New 
England and New York, provided by sec- 
ond deficiency act, 1929, for fiscal year 1929 ... 

Reduction in general funds 

Preventing spread of corn borer — 

For scouting and clean-up work, to replace 
funds expended in 1929 to cover cost of loan- 
ing stubble pulverizers to farmers in Ohio 

and Michigan) 

Reduction in direct appropriations 

Preventing spread of Japanese and Asiatic 


For extending quarantine against Japanese 

and Asiatic beetles to cover newly infested 

territory, provided by second deficiency act, 

1929, for fiscal year 1929 

For screening greenhouses in department 
grounds and at Arlington Farm in Virginia 
as a protection against Japanese and Asiatic 
beetles, provided by second deficiency act, 

1929, for fiscal year 1929 

Reduction in general funds 

Preventing spread of white-pine blister rust 

Preventing spread of phony peach disease (estab- 
lishment of quarantine to prevent movement of 
peach nursery stock out of infested areas in 

Georgia or elsewhere) 

Preventing spread of Mexican fruit worm (in- 
creased inspection work necessitated by large 
expansion of citrus culture In lower Rio Grande 

Valley of Texas).. _ 

Certification of exports 

Welch Act differential 


$24, 990. 00 

« 70, 000. 00 

» 50. 000. 00 

Total, increase and decreases, Plant Quarantine 
and Control Administration 

Net change. 

Enforcement of grain futures act- 
Reduction in general funds 

Welch Act adjustments 

Total increases and decreases, Grain Futures 

Net change. 


General administrative expenses 

Collaboration with other departments.. 

Enforcement of food and drugs act 

Enforcement of tea act 

Enforcement of naval stores act 

Enforcement of insecticide act 

Enforcement of milk importation act 

Enforcement of caustic poison act 

Moving laboratory, New York City (completed 

in 1929). __ 

Welch Act differential 

Total, increases and decreases, Food, Drug, and 
Insecticide Administration... 

Net change 


Livestock production, South — 

Bridge at New Iberia, La., 1929. 
Welch Act adjustments 

2 « 15, 000. 00 

10, 760. 00 

13, 000. 00 

183, 750. 00 

9, 840. 00 

9, 480. 00 

6, 000. 00 

27, 924. 00 

14, 405. 00 

42, 329. 00 

840. 00 


$290. 00 

"> 100, 000. 00 


50, 000. 00 
880. 00 

360. 00 

92, 000. 00 

18, 000. 00 

1, 700. 00 


1, 600. 00 

264, 940. 00 

81, 190. 00 

4, 840. 00 

4, 840. 00 


195. 00 


3, 950. 00 


50, 000. 00 

55, 497. 00 

13, 168. 00 


23 An apparent decrease merely, as the agricultural act reappropriates in addition 
for 1930 an indefinite balance of the funds available for pink-bollworm eradication 
remaining unexpended on June 30, 1929. 

24 $35,000 immediately available; the increase of $70,000 to be expended only when 
the States of Arizona and California jointly contribute $35,000 for date-scale eradica- 
tion work. 

21 This is a reappropriation from unexpended balance of $10,000,000 appropriation 
provided by act of Feb. 23, 1927, for eradication or control of European corn borer, 
and is made immediately available. 

2 » Immediately available. 

Bureau and item 

Dairying and livestock production, West — 

Reduction in general funds 

Welch Act adjustments 

Collection of seed-grain loans — 

Reduction due to restricted collections 

Welch Act adjustments 

Special corn-borer research fund — 

Extension of work in the economic utilization 
of corn cobs, stalks, and other corn waste 

(Bureau of Chemistry and Soils) 

Expanding work of determining possibility of 
corn-borer control by means of insecticides 
and repellents (Bureau of Chemistry and 


Additional amount, principally for introduc- 
tion from abroad and establishment in 
United States of parasitic and predacious 
enemies of corn borer (Bureau of Entomol- 

Expanding studies of adjustments in systems 
of farming, livestock production, and other 
adjustments necessitated by corn borer 

(Bureau of Agricultural Economics) 

Extending investigations in development of 
machinery for use in corn-borer control 

(Bureau of Public Roads) 

Special leafhopper research (new item to meet 
emergency caused by prevalence and continued 
spread of the curly-top disease of sugar beets and 

other important agricultural crops) 

Agricultural investigations in cooperation with 

South Carolina Experiment Station 

Barley investigations (agronomic, chomical, path- 
ological and related investigation of barley dis- 
eases, and feeding experiments with diseased 
barley grain, provided by second deficiency act, 


Fourth World s Poultry Congress (for preparation 
of exhibit to be displayed at Poultry Congress 
to be held in England in 1930, provided by sec- 
ond deficiency act, 1929) 

International Dairy Congress (held In June and 
July, 1928) 

Total increases and decreases under Miscella- 

Net change 

Total increases and decreases for department, 
exclusive of special items and road funds, as 
shown below ... 

Net increase, for items shown in foregoing. 


Fighting forest fires (provided by second defi- 
ciency act, 1929, for fiscal year 1929 and not yet 

offset by similar item for 1930) 

Seed, feed, and fertilizer loans (loans to farmers in 
storm and flood-stricken areas of Southeastern 
States, provided by second deficiency act, 

Total decrease in special items. 


Forest roads and trails 

Federal-aid highway system 

Special road and bridge construction in flood areas 
(New Hampshire, Vermont, and Kentucky)... 

Special road and bridge construction in flood 
areas (Missouri, Mississippi, Louisiana, and 

Mount Vernon Memorial Highway.. 

Total increases and decreases in road items . 

Net decrease in road items.. 

Total increases and decreases, all purposes. 
Net decrease, all purposes 


700. 00 

560. 00 
4, 000. 00 
6, 000. 00 

40, 000. 00 

25, 000. 00 
25, 000. 00 

» 230, 000. 00 
2 » 15, 000. 00 

347, 100. 00 

256, 720. 00 

6, 388, 571. 00 

3, 998, 720. 12 

500, 000. 00 
3, 000, 000. 00 

3, 500, 000. 00 

8, 888, 571. 00 


$200. 00 

5, 560. 00 

2 » 38, 280. 00 

» 25, 000. 00 
10, 000. 00 

90, 380. 00 

1, 389, 850. 88 

1, 200, 000. 00 

2 » 6, 000, 000. 00 

7, 200, 000. 00 

5, 197, 294. 00 

so 3, 654, 000. 00 
ai 2, 500, 000. 00 


7, 851, 294. 00 

19, 941, 144. 88 

11, 052, 573. 88 

27 $20,000 immediately available. 

28 An actual increase of $542 above 1929 funds, taking into consideration an unex- 
pended balance of $14,458 from item provided by first deficiency act, 1928, available 
for 1929. 

39 Appropriation to continue available during 1930. 

80 Warranted by Treasury Department from 1930 War Department appropria- 
tion act, immediately available in 1929 and continuing available until expended. 

31 Although this appears as a decrease, the Agriculture Appropriation Act reappro- 
priates for 1930 the balance of the 1929 appropriation of $2,500,000 provided, for this 
highway by the second deficiency act, 1928 (estimated at $2,000,000), which remains 
unexpended on June 30, 1929. 

Sodium - arsenite or calcium - arsenite 
dusts have been successfully used in the 
last two years in Montana and Colorado 
for the control of the Mormon cricket, 
following recommendations made by the 
Bureau of Entomology. For several 
years the Mormon cricket, which is in 
reality a large long-horned grasshopper, 
has caused serious trouble to the rancti- 

ers of the Great Basin, and particularly 
those of Sanders and Lake Counties, 
Mont., and of Rout, Rio Blanco, and 
Moffat Counties in Colorado, by destroy- 
ing forage crops. Some years ago it was 
determined that these crickets could be 
poisoned by modifications of the ordinary 
poisoned baits used for grasshoppers, but 
owing to the scarcity of water, the cost 

of the baits, and the difficulty of getting 
the ingredients, control by these methods 
was not generally practicable. Efforts 
were made by the bureau to discover an 
inexpensive means of control which 
would not involve the use of water. This 
end seems now to have been achieved in 
the use of sodium-arsenite or calcium- 
arsenite dusts. 




XJktth) States I^£3^e^f of Agriculture 

Issued Every Thnrsdajr from tie Press Service 

Washing Ion, D. C 

The Official Kecoed is published as a 
means of communicating to workers and co- 
operators of the Department of Agriculture 
official statements and other information nec- 
essary to the performance of their duties and 
is issued free to them by law. Others can ob- 
tain it from the Superintendent of Documents, 
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 
by subscription at the rate of 50 cents a year 
domestic and $1.10 foreign. Stamps can not 
be accepted in payment. 

All matter submitted for publication in The 
Official Record must bear evidence of having 
been officially approved by the bureau or office 
officially concerned with the. subject matter. 

Copy must be received before Wednesday 
noon in order for It to appear in the issue 
dated the following Thursday. 

The office of The Official Record is at 
215 Thirteenth Street SW., in the Press Serv- 
ice. Telephone : Main 4650, branch 242. 



Paradoxical as it may seem, says the 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Spain, 
one of the most important fruit-produc- 
ing countries of Europe, has been con- 
suming an ever-increasing quantity of 
American dried primes. This is reported 
to the foreign service of the bureau by 
Milton J. Newhouse, consulting special- 
ist of the bureau, who is in Europe study- 
ing the prune marketing situation in 
European countries. 


The third international biennial Uni- 
versal Cotton Standards Conference, 
held for the purpose of approving copies 
of the Universal Cotton Standards for 
the use of the United States Department 
of Agriculture and the arbitration com- 
mittees of the European cotton associa- 
tions in the 2-year period beginning Au- 
gust 1, 1929, was called to order the 
forenoon of March 11 in the conference 
room of the Bureau of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics in Washington by Nils A. Olsen, 
chief of the bureau. The chair adjourned 
the meeting immediately after it was 
convened until 10 a. m., March 16, when 
the delegates from abroad arrived in 
Washington. The conference was at- 
tended by representatives of the nine 
leading cotton associations and exchanges 
of Europe and representatives of the 
United States Department of Agriculture 
and the American cotton industry. The 
conferences are provided for by agree- 
ments between the Secretary of Agricul- 
ture apd the European associations, under 
which the latter have adopted the official 
cotton standards of the United States for 
American upland cotton, known as the 
universal standards, as the basis of all 
their contracts in which grades are speci- 
fied for the purchase and sale of Ameri- 
can cotton. The Department of Agricul- 
ture represented the American interests 
in the conference by reason of the depart- 
ment's administrative responsibilities 
under the United States cotton standards 

act and the universal standards agree- 
ments, but, as in past conferences, the 
representatives of the American groups 
advised with department officials and 
participated in the meetings. 


For interfering with cattle tick eradi- 
cation in the vicinity of Pascagoula, 
Miss., two men, Hamilton and Delmas 
by name, recently were sentenced by Fed- 
eral Judge Robert T. Ervin in the United 
States District Court at Mobile, Ala., to 
serve six months in the Mobile County 
jail. Last March an agent of the de- 
partment observed a herd of about 24 
cattle stray from territory near Pasca- 
goula into the vicinity of Grand Bay, Ala. 
Finding the cattle tick infested the agent 
drove the herd onto property belonging 
to a man by the name of Bullock, where 
the cattle were dipped. The agent in- 
structed Mr. Bullock to quarantine the 
cattle on his premises and permit no one 
to take them until further notice. About 
midnight, a few days later, according to 
the testimony, three men broke the lock 
of the gate and proceeded to drive out 
the cattle. On going to the window Mr. 
Bullock was confronted with a shotgun 
and told to remain in the house or be 
killed. After driving the cattle a short 
distance from the premises the man with 
the gun fired, shots falling on the house. 
Mr. Bullock recognized one of the men as 
Hamilton. Later Delmas was identified 
as being another of the three. The jury 
returned a verdict of guilty within a few 
minutes after hearing the evidence. The 
Bureau of Animal Industry says that 
the tick eradication work is receiving ex- 
cellent support in most localities, both 
by the public and by administrative and 
legal officers. The commitment of the 
two violators to jail is in accordance 
with the determination of enforcement 
officers and public opinion to hasten the 
eradication of ticks and to deal rigidly 
with misguided individuals who seek to 
obstruct the work. 


By arrangements made between the 
Department of State and the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Edgar B. Calvert, 
senior meteorologist and chief of the 
forecast division of the Weather Bu- 
reau, has been designated as a tech- 
nical expert to accompany the delegates 
who will represent the United States in 
the International Conference on Safety 
of Life at Sea, which convenes in Lon- 
don, England, April 16. Mr. Calvert 
sails with the delegation April 3. 

Expansion of the market-news service